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Full text of "Record of service in the world war of V. M. I. alumni and their alma mater"

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IN THE 

WORLD WAR 




'In PencG Tkox5-£i B^h /hesM'um 



Joseph Reid Anderson 



Record of Service 



IN THE 



WORLD WAR 



OF 



V. M. I. ALUMNI 



AND THEIR 



ALMA MATER 



COMPILED BY THE HISTORIOGRAPHER 

OF THE 

VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE 
1920 






'*In Pace Decus — In Bella Praesidiurn' 






lJf,M^I f 



u "^ ' 



1 

CONTENTS 

-:j . 

COMPILER'S NOTE 3 

THE VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE IN THE 

WORLD WAR 5 

SERVICE ROSTER: 

COMMISSIONED PERSONNEL 
United States Army 

Brigadier Generals 13 

Colonels 13 

Lieutenant Colonels 15 

Majors 18 

Captains 23 

First Lieutenants 33 

Second Lieutenants 42 

U. S. Marine Corps 

Majors 50 

Captains 50 

First Lieutenants 51 

Second Lieutenants *. 52 

United States Navy 

Captains (Medical Directors) 53 

Captain (Line) ^ 53 

Commanders 53 

Lieutenant Commanders 53 

Lieutenants 53 

Ensigns 54 

U. S. Naval Reserve Force 

Lieutenant Commanders 55 

Lieutenants 55 

Lieutenants (J. G.) 55 

Ensigns 55 

British and French Armies 

Lieutenant Colonel 56 

Captains 56 

First Lieutenants ■ 56 

Second Lieutenants 56 

Officers in Chinese Army 5 



ii CONTE^STTS 

SERVICE ROSTER— Continued 

ENLISTED PERSONNEL 

United States Army 58 

Marine Corps 62 

Navy 63 

Allied Armies 64 

CANDIDATES FOR COMMISSION: 

Camp Taylor 66 

Camp Pike 67 

Camp Lee 67 

Fort Monroe 67 

Washington, D. C 67 

Gettysburg, Pa 68 

Plattsburg, N. Y 68 

Camp Hancock 68 

Fort Sheridan 68 

Camp Kearny 68 

Camp Joseph E. Johnston 68 

Camp Fremont 68 

Camp Gordon 68 

Camp Grant 68 

Unknown Camps 68 

STUDENTS ARMY TRAINING CORPS 69 

DECORATIONS 72 

CITATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 75 

CASUALTIES: 

Killed in Action, or Died in the Service 85 

Wounded, or Seriously Gassed, in Action 89 

Prisoners of War 99 

SOME ALUMNI IN CIVIL SERVICE DURING 

THE WORLD WAR 100 

v.- M. I. TRAINING CAMPS '. 108 

SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED 
ALUMNI IN THE WORLD WAR: 

Adams, F. W 195 Almond, E. M 175 

Adams, Walker H 147 Aloe, Alfred : 133 

Alexander, G. H 275 Amerine, W. M 275 

Alexander, G. M 172 Amory, T. D 247 

Allison, W. R 345 Anderson, J. Aylor 140 



Contents 



111 



SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI— Continued 



Anderson, S.W 233 

Angle, J. M 296 

Arms, T. S 181 

Baldinger, O. M 161 

Baldwin, J. F 346 

Barksdale, A. D 190 

Baugham, W. E 287 

Beckner, W. H 166 

Beirne, R. F 180 

Bell, Alden 308 

Benners, A. W 339 

Bertschey, S. L 208 

Biscoe, Earl. 132 

Blackford, C. M 135 

Blackford, G.T 290 

Blackmore, P. G 181 

Blake, E.M 128 

Blow, G. A 182 

Blundon, M 263 

Bonnycastle, H. C 130 

Booker, P. W 133 

Bosiey, J. R : 127 

Bowe, Jr., W. F... 234 

Bowering, B 211 

Bradbury, Eugene 182 

Brander, W. W 181 

Brett, G.H 155 

Brooke, G.M 125 

Brooke, Richard 183 

Brooks, R.R 303 

Brown, A. D 208 

Brown, E.C 274 

Brown, F. M 239 

Brown, Jr., F. V 246 

Brown, J. McK 344 

Browne, B.B 151 

Bryan, Jr., L. R 159 

Burress, J. W 288 

Burress, W. A 203 

Gammer, C. R . 246 

Cann, W. G 262 

Cann, S. A 262 

CampbeU, A. G 146 

Carroll, J. W 175 

Carson, C.H 177 

Carter, C.S 293 

Carter, F.W 263 



Chambliss, Hardee 136 

Chambliss, T. M 177 

Charlton, S. A 236 

Childs, J. R 279- 

Christian, Jr., C 221 

Clarke, C.K 232 

Clarke, Jr., F. W 319 

Clarkson, B. B 181 

Clement, J. T 173 

Clemmer, R. H , 236 

Cocke, John 140 

Cocke, W.H 181 

Cochran, W.B 116 

Coldwell, Philip 181 

Cole, Jr., J. E 202 

Collins, C.C 121 

Collins, C.J 160 

Conquest, E.P 226 

Conrad, R.Y 197 

Converse, A. J 360 

Cootes, H. N , 127 

Corey, J. L 338 

Couper, WUliam 135 

Coupland, R. C 237 

Creswell, H. I. T 165 

Crittenden, J. D 299 

Crockett, G. K 289 

Crowder, R. T 261 

Gumming, S.C 319 

Currier, W. P 151 

Cushman, J. R , 302 

Cutchins, Frank 301 

Cutler, Stuart 220 

Dalton, J. N 208 

Dance, P. R 339 

DashieU, G. F 205 

Dashiell, H. G 206 

Dashiell, R. M *. . . 174 

Davant, E. T 193 

Davenport, R. M 238 

De Butts, H. A 333 

De Graff, De L. A 298 

Denham, J. L 318 

Derbyshire, G. A 300 

De Vahn, CM 341 

Dillard, A. W 180 

Dockery, A. B 144 

Dodson, R. S 151 



IV 



Contents 



SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI— Continued 



Downer, J. W 134 

Downing, F.B 133 

Drake, Jr., J. H 350 

Drayton, C.H 211 

Drew, O. C 181 

Dunbar, R.B 162 

Earle, L. H 212 

Eastham, K. G 174 

Edwards, M.F 376 

Edwards, R.O 144 

Effinger, W. L 259 

Eglin, H. W. T 175 

EUison, A. H 210 

Ellison, L.H 210 

Etheridge, C. A 313 

Ewing, J. D 218 

Falligant, L. A 157 

Fauntleroy, J. D 183 

Fcchheimer, J. H 291 

Fenner, G.C 181 

Figgins, B. W 344 

Fraser, A. H 286 

Fugate, Jr., J. H 315 

Garland, H. G 294 

Garnett, Jr., J. H 299 

Garvey, W. A 224 

Geiger, H. J 242 

Gerow, L. S 167 

Gerow,- L. T 142 

Gerson, G. R 237 

Getzen, T. H 298 

Gignilliat, L. R 127 

Gill, H. F 214 

Gill, W. H 154 

Glazebrook, Jr., L. W 219 

Glazebrook, O. A 370 

Cleaves, S. R 119 

Goddard, W. S 303 

Goodfellow, J. C 128 

Goodwin, Jr., Walton 140 

Gould, Jr., W. T 259 

Graves, S. P 262 

Gray, Jr., H. P 239 

Gregory, J. C 129 

Greene, F. S 167 

Griffin, F. W 133 



Gwathmey, J. T 181 

Hagan, J. A 314 

Hagenbuch, J. S 235 

Hager, R. B 295 

Handy, T.T 159 

Harris, H.W 285 

Harrison, G. M 238 

Harrison, J. S 172 

Harrison, W. Burr 183 

Hart, Jack S 328 

Hartz, R. S 138 

Hastie, Jr., Jack 174 

Harrington, F. C 120 

Hathaway, E.T 288 

Hawes, Jr., G. P 131 

Hawks, A. W 377 

Heflin, S. M 175 

Henderson, Jr., E 203 

Hickman, E. A 132 

Hock, Conrad 260 

Holmes, Jr., H. B 177 

Holtzman, Jr., C. T 239 

Hordern, H. R 356 

Howard, C.R 233 

Howard, R.J 357 

Howard, S. L 310 

Hull, R. M 259 

Humphreys, W. H 200 

Hutton, Jr., F. B 236 

Hyatt, J. W 157 

Ives, E. L 375 

James, Jules 342 

Jamison, S. C 176 

Johnson, E.H 163 

Johnson, WilUam R 261 

Johnston, Jr., A. L 343 

Johnston, Charles 223 

Jordan, H.L 149 

Karow, Gustav 331 

KeezeU, R. P 237 

Kelly, Russell A 365 

Kilbourne, C. E 115 

Kimberly, Allen 151 

Kimberly, C. 292 

Kingman, M. H 308 

King, O. D 335 



Contents 



SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI— Continued 



Knight, R. R 235 

Kollock, C. W 160 

Kraft, W. R 234 

Lange, L. G 338 

Langhorne, CD 341 

Langhorne, G. T 129 

Langstaff, J. D 209 

Lansing, C. C 130 

LaRue, B. V. M 189 

Lee, Fitzhugh 133 

Letcher, G.D 191 

Lincohi, A. T 194 

Lloyd, O.C 161 

Locke, M.E 119 

Lockhart, G. B 317 

Lohmeyer, Jr., W 199 

Loughridge, S. A 354 

Lowry, S. De L 187 

Lyerly, Ballard 133 

Lyerly, Jr., C. A 183 

Lyne, R. G 158 

Magruder, John 150 

Marshall, Jr., G. C 117 

Marshall, Jr., R. C 115 

Marshall, R. J 204 

Marshall, Samuel 186 

Martin, C. A 209 

Mason, H. M 344 

Massie,H. W 269 

Massie, N. H 317 

Maxwell, E. G 296 

Meem, J. G 230 

Michaux, E. R 240 

Michie, R. E. L 114 

Miller, J. A 280 

Miller, Jr., J. C 251 

Minton, C. A 247 

Mills, Jr., M. R 318 

Milton, M.M 180 

Minnigerode, Karl 286 

Money, W.T 361 

Moore, A. W 235 

Moore, B.*S 235 

Moore, C.E 184 

Moreno, Aristides 123 

Morison, R. A 208 

Morrissett, D. G 163 



Mort, J. E 150 

Munce, G. G 309 

Murphy, D. E 181 

Murphy, R.W 335 

McAnerney, IL, J 299 

McClellan, J. M 334 

McChntock, Alex 361 

McCoy, W.S 289 

McGiffert, S. Y 300 

McKee, J. L 240 

McKinney, S. A 286 

McLeod, Hugh 183 

McMiUen, D.R 155 

McMillin, D. N 207 

McMiUin, E. W 207 

McRae, D. M. 143 

Nash, C. P 325 

Nash, John 162 

Nash, Lloyd N 297 

Nelms, J. A 324 

Nelly, H.M 131 

Nelson, Jr., J. C 253 

Nichols, E.W 183 

Nichols, Jr., J. A 205 

Nichols, Maury 133 

Nichols, W.R 149 

Noland, C. P 182 

Nowlin, Jr., J. C 259 

Outten, E. C 241 

Owen, W. O. (Col.) 133 

Owen, W. O. (1st Lt.) 263 

Owens, B. B 363 

Owens, W.I 273 

Owsley, A. M 138 

Owsley, Clark 139 

Parker, Jr., J. C 297 

Parks, Jr., Victor 152 

Parsons, H.H 171 

Patterson, A. S 303 

Patterson, M. G 182 

Patton, Jr., George S 120 

Paul, John 231 

Peek, G. M 143 

Peek,W. H 128 

Pendleton, R. T ^ 167 

Perkins, K. S 151 

Perkinson, A. C 310 



VI 



Contents 



SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI— Continued 



Perry, J.N 183 

Peyton, J. W 180 

Pevton, P. B 126 

Pickett, III., G. E 301 

Pigue, J. A 283 

Pitts, Jr., J. L 182 

Pitts, Lindsay 182 

Poague, H. G 182 

Polack, R. W 281 

Polk, G. W 238 

Polk, Harding.. 171 

Potts, Jr., P. M 261 

Powell, Llewellyn 182 

Purdie,K.S 156 

Randolph, R.I 171 

Rapkin, E. L 307 

Read, Jr., O. M 342 

Reed, Washington 274 

Rhett, R. B 349 

Rich, A. H 298 

Richards, J. N. C 191 

Richards, W. A 266 

Robinson, F.S 328 

Rockenbach, S. D 115 

Rockwell, Kiffin Y 358 

Ruffner, D. L 213 

Schmidt, H. C 176 

Schoen, AUen McG 374 

Schwabe, H.A 133 

Schwartz, B. W 305 

Scott, Jr., W. D 174 

Seaman, E. C 176 

Seay, Joseph 182 

Shepherd, Jr., L. C 322 

Sheppard, W. W 182 

Shipp, A. M 129 

Sitwell, H.C. F 285 

Smiley, W. V 214 

Smith, Alan McC 260 

Smith, Jr., H. L 187 

Smith, Estil V 153 

Smith, T. Chilton 298 

Smith, W.C 166 

Snidow, R. C 233 

Somers, V. L 336 

Speer, Jr., G. A 345 

Spessard, R. H 154 



Spilman, R. S 182 

Spragins, W. E 183 

Stark, J. Vincil 284 

Staton, Adolphus 342 

Steger, J. O 131 

Stude, A. J 217 

SuUivan, M.E 338 

Taber, W. A 173 

Talbott, S. G 149 

TaUaferro, Jr., E. H 183 

Taylor, James 215 

Taylor, James D 123 

Templeton, Hamilton 148 

Thompson, Ernest O 145 

Thompson, G. Otho 259 

Throckmorton, R.J 234 

Tobin, R. G 343 

Tomhnson, J. B 216 

Townes, Jr., J. E 143 

Trinkle, L. L 235 

Tyree, H. B 202 

Upshur, A. P 147 

VanSant, J. A 278 

Venable, H. M 304 

Waddey, D. M 238 

WaddiU, E. C 121 

Wall, W. G 137 

Walton, J. S 239 

Walker, W.H 138 

Waring, J. M.S 137 

Weaver, W. R 182 

Welborne, H. B 307 

WeUs, E. L 227 

Welton, Jr., R. F 260 

Whiting, Edgar M 165 

Whiting, G. W. C 134 

Whiting, T.S 326 

Whittle, W. M 232 

Wilbourn, A. E 145 

Williams, F.J 178 

Williams, J. S 148 

Williamson, S. B 125 

Wilmer, T. W 291 

Wilson, C.R 182 

Wilson, L.C 295 



Contents vii 

SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI— Continued 

Wilson, R. M 222 Woolford, A. W 282 

Wilson, Scott 261 Wood, F. T. . . . ". 206 

Wiltshire, T. H 175 Wood, W. S 128 

Wiltshire, G. D 175 

Winn, CD 134 Yancey, J. P 181 

Wise, H.D 133 Yancey, W. B 286 

Wise, J. C 141 Yost, H. McC 182 

Witt, T.F 182 Youell, R. M 152 

Wolfe, W.McI 183 

"LAST WORDS" OF SOME OF V. M. I.'S MAR- 
TYRED SONS 378 

CONCLUSION 379 



GENERAL PERSHING'S ESTIMATE OF V. M. I. 38i 

APPENDIX 383 

INDEX 405 



/^ 



COMPILER'S NOTE. 



This EECORD is not complete, but its publication can- 
not be longer delayed. It is believed many more names will 
be added to the Service Roster when all the returns are 
in hand. 

The Compiler laboured earnestly for many months to 
make the Roster complete, but his efforts have been only 
partly successful. Whether it be because of modesty, or due 
to a disinclination to recall the awful scenes tlirough which 
many of them passed, our Service Men have been loath to tell 
about themselves. In all cases it has been difficult to get them 
to speak in detail of their personal experiences, and, in many 
instances, a single word could not be drawn from them. It 
wiU thus be seen what difficulties have beset the Compiler. 
He has called to his aid every known source of information 
in the endeavour to make the Record absolutely correct, as to 
personnel, and as accurate as possible, in regard to the other 
facts wanted ;, but his hopes have not been fulfilled. 

Especially difficult has it been to secure definitely the 
Rank, Command and Station, in many cases. These have 
been given only when there seemed to be no doubt of their 
correctness ; therefore, many omissions, and, doubtless, some 
errors, will be found in that connection. 

The Casualty List is also believed to be far from com- 
plete. It is thought that others of our Brotherhood made the 
Supreme Sacrifice, and it is quite certain that many were 
wounded, or gassed, whose names are not given herein. 

As far as possible, credit has been given for Decorations 
Awarded and Citations Published; but here, too, the record 
is probably incomplete. But, with all its defects, this work is 
full of interest, as showing how these brave men volunteered 
for their Country's defense, at tlie first call to arms, and how 
gallantly they served. It has ever been so. In every War 
our Country has waged since tlie birth of our Alma Mater, 



4 Compiler's Note 9 

her sons have borne a glorious part, and on every battlefield 
their blood has been freely poured out. 

This publication must not be considered as final, for it is 
believed the Record will yet be perfected. To that end, let all 
who read these pages endeavour to supply the omissions 
and correct the errors discovered in tlie Service Roster. If 
this be faithfully done, then, and not till then, shall we be 
able to tell the whole story of V. M. I.'s Sons in the WORLD 
WAR. 



December 15, 1920. 



THE VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE IN THE 
WORLD WAR. 

The V. M. I. in all previous Wars waged by the United 
States since 1839 had borne a glorious part. It was, there- 
fore, not strange tliat Virginia, and the Country at large looked 
to her for valuable service when this greatest War came. 
Did she fulfill the expectations of the World? 

The triumphant answer to this question, it is confidently 
believed, will be found in the following pages. 

The Story! Who can do it justice? Certainly not this 
writer whose pen falters as he essays the task assigned him. 

Perhaps no fitter preface for tliis publication can be given 
than is found in a recent issue of The Confederate 
Veteran, in the article, under the above heading, written 
in February, 1919, by Colonel W. M. Hunley, the accomplished 
Professor of Economics and Political Science at the V. M. I., 
who performed such splendid service himself as the Execu- 
tive Secretary of Virginia's first Council of Defense. 

He wrote: 

*' 'The past is but prelude,' Shakespeare gives this 
doctrine as a maxim of optimism. 

''Three Wars before the World War had our Country 
waged since the birth of the V. M. I. In those wars — the 
Mexican, that between the States, and the Spanish- American — 
the Institute did what was expected of her and added fame 
to fame. Those wars now, however, appear like preliminary 
skirmishes when compared to the World War, and the In- 
stitute's prelude to the heroic part she gave herself to do, 
with Western Europe for a stage. 

a <True to tradition' — that must be the final word. And 
there is none other that those who know her and love her can 
wish to have added. 

"In the fall of 1914, long before many people believed 
that this Country would enter the conflict, sons of the V. M. I., 
restless under the injunction of neutrality, and burning with 
zeal to help avenge a mighty wrong, sought service under 
foreign flags. They fought nobly and won renown. Some 



6 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

of them have since joined their own colors, a few remain in 
the service of Great Britain and France, and others sleep 
' in Flanders ' Field. ' 

"As the clouds grew blacker and it was seen that we 
should begin to mobilize along every line, the Governor of 
Virginia, wishing to put the State in a condition of prepared- 
ness and to lay the foundation for whatever of effort miglit be 
required, organized a Council of Defense, with headquarters 
at Richmond. It was composed of fourteen of the State's 
leading citizens, men of finance, business, agriculture, and the 
professions. The Governor selected the Superintendent of 
the Institute to be Chairman of the Council and a member of 
our Faculty as Executive Secretary. The work of this body 
has been highly commended as helping to make it possible 
for Virginia to play so effectively the part she did in the War. 

' ^ The next step marking the V. M. I. 's war contributions 
consisted in an arrangement, made at the request of the au- 
thorities of Washington and Lee University, Avhereby forty 
members of the Corps spent four aftenioons a week, during 
the Spring of 1917, drilling the student-body of the Univer- 
sity. In the same Spring and Summer, and the Summer of 
1918, as well, a 'Rookie' Training Camp was conducted at 
the Institute, officered by members of our Tactical Staff. The 
attendance at these Camps was large and representative. The 
records show that, with hardly an exception, graduates of the 
Camps won commissions soon after entering the Service. 

''Perhaps the most striking recogTiition of the V. M. I. 
from the War Department came in the Fall of 1918 with the 
organization of units of the Student Army Training Coips. 
The Institute was the only College in the Country, Military or 
Non-Mihtary, which had a sufficient number of her officers 
commissioned in the Regular Army, They were assigned to 
duty at the Institute, without interruption of their routine 
work. This unusual designation was amply justified by the 
admirable way in which tl^e S. A. T. C. units here were con- 
ducted. Large groups of men were called away to Officers' 
Camps at frequent intervals, and the demands for admission 
to take their places increased from week to week, up to the 
time of demobilization of the units. 

"Very soon after this took place the War Department 
announced that Cavalr^^ Artillery, Infantry, and Engineer- 
ing Units of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps would be 
established at the V. M. I. [These Units were established 



The V. M. I. in the World War (Continued) 7 

and have been successfully conducted under distinguished 
Army Officers to the present time. — Historiographer.] 

'■'And now of the men who fought in France, of those who 
did their best to go^ of those who worked with devotion in 
Camps here and abi-oad, what shall we say of them? One is, 
in fact, embarrassed by wealth of material in attempting to 
write a short account of the V. M. T. in the World War. 

''Where to begin and what to say that needs be said! 
Our records are not complete, and as these lines are written 
(late in February, 1919,) news comes of heretofore unrecorded 
casualties and honours won by our men in France. 

"The Historiogrnpher of the Institute is making a com 
plete record of V. M. T. Men in the War. The material he 
has already collected is an imposing tribute to the valour of 
Institute Men. Space does not permit, and this is^not the 
place to attempt, a statement of the War Roster, as of this 
date ; but we should like to quote a few sentences from a letter 
from the Historiographer, Colonel Joseph R. Anderson, Class 
of 1870, as shomng the sort of material he is collecting for 
the V. M. I. War History. Colonel Anderson wrote : ' I feel 
sure that we have had more than two thousand Alumni, Gradu- 
ates and Non-Graduates, in the Service. A great many of 
our boys have been decorated by France, England, and our 
own Country for dauntless courage and the most conspicuous 
gallantry. I could tell of the heroic conduct of Lieutenant 
Amory, of Delaware, 'the bravest and most beloved man in 
his battalion,' as his commanding officer wrote. While still 
incapacitated for active duty on account of previous wounds, 
and when he was believed to be in the Hospital, Amory led 
his Company far in advaiice of the Battalion in the assault 
and capture of a stronghold. He died in the action. I could 
tell of Captain Glazebrook who, when suffering from serious 
wounds, jumped out of the mndow of the Hospital, when the 
nurse was absent, and joined in the battle then in progress, 
for which 'military crime' he was severely reprimanded and 
then promoted. I could tell of the hero, J. Favre Baldwin, of 
Texas, calmly writing his last letter to his 'saintly mother 
and revered father, '" the night before he was killed in^ action, 
a letter which will stand as a classic, breathing, as it does, 
the most sublime courage, patriotism, filial affection, and 
religious faith. ' 

"Thus, we could even now set forth a recital of death of 
our men that would make one of the brightest pages in the 
historv of America's heroic part in the War. But, as hns 



S YiEGiNiA Military Institute — Woeld War Eecord 

been said, this is not the place and this is not the time for 
that, especially in view of the fact that just now any recital 
of the sort wonld be quite incomplete. The real story will 
be eloquently told at the proper time and in a manner worthy 
of the theme. 

*'To indicate the nature of that story is our purpose here. 

'*In closing this brief index to the V. M. I. 's part in the 
War, we should like to quote from an address delivered before 
the Corps of Cadets by Major J. C. Hemphill, of South Caro- 
lina, one of the South 's most distinguished journalists and 
publicists. Major Hemphill emphasized the duty of us who 
face the new world and the Greiater V. M. I. in the spirit of 
the poet who said: 'It's the torch the people follow, whoever 
the bearer be.' In this connection, he said: 

u 'q^^pYe was ncA^er a time in the history of the world 
when the opportunity of Service was so great, when the call 
for educated, thoroughly trained men was so insistent and 
imperative — men of ideas, forward-looking men — for the 
world has to be built over, and you must be among the builders. 
Think of what your predecessors who should be emulated by 
you in your day and generatiou accomplished for their coun- 
try in war and peace, and under far less propitious circum- 
stances than confront you. Their work should cheer you on 
to high endeavour and noble achievement. Almost without ex- 
ception, these elder brotliers of 3"ours have proved themselves 
worthy of the best traditions of this School of Soldiers — sol- 
diers holding themselves, according to the American ideal, al- 
ways subject to the civil powers, but ready, upon every pa- 
triotic call, with bodies and souls both responsive to the call 
of duty, to say to the State, in the words of the ancient prophet 
as set down in his divine vision: 'Here am I; send me.' 

'' 'In every war in which this Country has been engaged, 
since the founding of this institution, the men of the V. M. I. 
have added lusti'e to American Arms. Valiant in war, they 
have been effective iu the pursuits of peace. The full story 
of your glory in War and Peace has not been fully told and 
will not be until your accomplished Historian, Joseph E. 
Anderson, has finislied his monumental work; but, incomplete 
as it is, his would be a sorry soul indeed that did not thrill 
at the thought of the deathless deeds of those who were taught 
here that all that a man hath will he give for his countiy.' " 



The V. M. I. in the World War (Continued) 9 

It will not be amiss, in connection with reference to 
Colonel Hunley's fine article, to quote from the Chronicles 
of the day. 

On July 15, 1917, information was received by the au- 
thorities that the Virginia Military Institute had been desig- 
nated by the War Department as a "Junior Training Camp." 
This designation was made on account of the excellent service 
already voluntarily performed by the Institute in the train- 
ing of men, prior to the establishment of the Government 
Training Schools, The full text of the communication from 
the War Department is here given. The Assistant to the 
Adjutant-General wrote : 

"I am directed by the Commanding General to write you, 
as follows : 

''1. It appears that from April 3, 1917 to July 3, 1917, 
you established at your justly celebrated Institution of Learn- 
ing a Camp for Intensive Military Training in conjunction 
with your regular work, using the members of the senior 
Classes as Instructors. That 139 members were enrolled in 
said Camp at the moderate cost of $100 for the three months. 

"2. That from April 9, 1917 until June 6, 1917, the 400 
students of Washington and Lee University, a neighbouring- 
institution, were given military instruction by the members 
of the Senior Class, a member of your Faculty being detailed 
as Commandant of Cadets, there being no charge absolutely 
by the Virginia Military Institute laiuthorities for this instruc- 
tion. 

''3. It still further appears that under date of June 20, 
1917, you established a second Camp for Intensive Military 
Training, which it is proposed to conduct until August 20, 
1917, your enrollment to the present date being thirty-eight 
members, necessitating special provision for subsisting and 
quartering of the members, the regular session of your in- 
stitution having ended on June 15th, 

"4:. Finally, you have just apphed for and have received 
authority from these Headquarters to establish a Junior 
Training Camp, under conditions laid down by the War De- 
partment. 

"5. This record of your efforts in the interest of patriotic 
service you may well be proud of, and shows that the Virginia 
Military Institute, true to its reputation, is alive to the neces- 



10 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

sities of the times, and is making every use possible of its 
facilities to further the cause of Intensive Military Training. 
The Commanding General desires me to say that he heartily 
indorses your patriotic work, and he feels assured that all the 
young men who have had the opportunities thus offered by 
the Virginia Military Institute will be great gainers thereby, 
not onty in 'esprit de corps,' from their association theremth, 
but also in the practical knowledge that will stand them in 
good stead when the time comes to give their services to their 
Country. With best wishes for your continued success, etc' " 

The following is taken from The Rockbridge County 
News, of October 3, 1918 : 

''The V. M. I. Battalion Organized as S. A. T. C. 
With V. M. T. Officers." 

''The Battalion of Cadets of the Virginia Military In- 
stitute massed on the Parade (Iround Tuesday, October 1st, 
under command of Lieutenant George A. Derbyshire, U, S. A., 
Commandant of the Corps, sainted the Flag of their Country 
as it was raised, while the band played the Star Spangled 
Banner, and repealed after the Adjutant their pledge of 
allegiance : 'I pledge allegiance to my flag and to the Eepublic 
for which it stands ; one nation, indivisible, mth liberty and 
justice for all.' It was the formal entrance of the men of the 
Battalion w^hose age exceeds eighteen into ?i Students' Army 
Training Corps, as part of the Army of their Country. 

"At nearly 500 institutions of the land, at the same 
calendar hour, the same impressive ceremony was carried 
out which transformed the men of their student-body into a 
part of the armed forces of the Country. 

"The action at the Virginia Military Institute, however, 
was distinctive. The distinction lay in a recognition by the 
War Department of the very honourable record and high ef- 
ficiency of this institution as a Military School. The AVar 
Department rating for many years has put the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute as standing at the head of the Military Colleges 
of the United States. This recognition was made in a,n Order 
published for this year as late as September 21st. 

' ' The distinction at the V. M. I. referred to will be under- 
stood from this statement: No Army Officers from outside 
appeared, as at the establishment of all other S. A. T. C.'s, to 
assume command of the Corps. The Commajider of the Corps 



The V. M. I. in the World War (Continued) 11 

Tuesday was General Edward W. Nichols, the Institute's Q^\^l 
Superintendent, who wore on his shoulder the gold leaf of 
Major in the Army of the United States. This office was 
conferred upon him late last week and he returned home 
Sunday with his commission to command the V. M.( I. 
S. A. T. C." 

And his six Tactical Officers were commissioned like- 
wise, and assigned as his Aides-de-Camp. 

Thus, the V. M. I. was honoured above every other College 
in the land. This compliment to the Institute was not the 
result of any political influence; it was simply a recognition 
by the War Department of the V. M. I.'s incomparable value 
as a School of Arms (second only to the National Military 
Academy), and as a National Military Asset. 

Another distinction conferred upon the Institute was its 
selection by the Major-General Commandant of the Marine 
Corps as one of the fifteen from among the five hundred 
Colleges of the Countrj^ having Military Training under the 
Government, for the establishment of a Marine Unit of the 
S. A. T. C, and the V. M. I. was the only Military School in 
the Country thus honoured. Harvard, with its thousands of 
students, was asked to furnish a unit of 150; the V. M. I., 
with its hundreds, was asked to establish a unit of 100. This 
unit was established and was commanded by Captain Ben- 
jamin A. Goodman, U. S. M. C, of Class 1917 (from Vir^ 
ginia), who had distinguished himself in battle, and it had 
reached almost perfection in training when the Armistice oc- 
curred — a body of as superb soldiers as were ever seen. 

The V. M. I. trained in the Military Art during the period 
of emergency approximately 1,800 Cadets for their Countrj^'s 
service. Many of these young men joined the ^'Colors" and 
siaw service in the field; the others were only debarred from 
service by the termination of hostilities. 

The ROSTER in this book gives the names (with Class, 
State, Command and Rank) of all V. M. I. Men (so far as as- 
certained) who served in the Military Establishment of the 
Nation and in the Allied Armies, during the World War. 
Reports have not been received yet from several hundred 



12 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Alumni, many of whom, it is believed, were in the Military 
Service. 

From a. careful analysis these facts are officially an- 
nouj^iced : 

1. One hundred and ninety Grraduates and Non-Grradu- 
ates were already in the Service when War was declared. 

2. Not counting these, more than Eighty-two (82) per 
cent, of V. M. I. Men between the ages of 17 and 40, were in 
the Military Service during the War (with several hundred 
to hear from still), and 

3. Over Seventy-eight (78) per cent, of V. M. I. Men in 
the Service belonged to the COMMISSIONED PERSON- 
NEL. 

4. These ratios are produced, after deducting the 
Alumni of military age who volunteered their services in the 
Military Establishment, but who were rejected, because of 
physical disability (determined by Medical Boards), or be- 
cause their valuable services were required by the Govern- 
ment in Civil Pursuits deemed essential to the successful 
prosecution of tlie War. 



TJ. S. Army: Brigadier Generals — Colonels 13 



SERVICE ROSTER 



COMMISSIONED PERSONNEL 



UNITED STATES ARMY 

BRIGADIER GENERALS. 

Michie, R. E. Lee Va., 1883. Commanding 53rd Infantry Brigade, 

29th Division, A. E. P. Died in the Service 
in Prance, June 5, 1918. 

Marshall, Jr., Richard C Va., 1898. Chief of Construction Division, U. 

S. A. D. S. M. 

Rockenbach, Samuel D Va., 1889. Chief of Tank Corps, A. E. F. D. 

S. M., Cross of Legion of Honour, Croix de 
Guerre with Palm, and Companion of Order 
of Bath. 

Kilbourne, Charles E D. C, 1894. Chief of Staff, 89th Div. and, later. 

Commander of the 36th Heavy Art. Brigade, 
A. E. P., until Nov. 15, 1918, and 3d Inf. 
Brigade until Feb. 15, 1919. (Army of Occu- 
pation.) Wounded in action. D. S. C, D. 
S. M., Croix de Guerre, and three other 
decorations. 

Cochran, William B Va., 1888. Second in Command, and organ- 
izing 100th Division, Camp Bowie, U. S. A., 
at time of Armistice. 

COLONELS. 

Aloe, Alfred Mo., 1895. Commanding 12th Infantry, 8th 

Div., A. E. F. 

Biscoe, Earl , D. C, 1900. 342d P. A., 89th Div., A. E. P\ 

With Army of Occupation. 

Blake, Edmund M S. C, 1885. C. A., U. S. A. Liaison Officer, 

French Artillery Headquarters, A. E. F. 
Legion of Honour. 

Bonnycastle, Henry C Ky., 1895. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Bcoker, Philip W Va., 1905. P. A., U. S. A. 

Bosley, John R Md., 1895. Medical Corps, U. S. A. Retired 

after War. Died, Jan. 8,. 1920. 

Brooke, George M Va., 1896. 301st P. A., 76th Div., A. E. F. 

Collins, Christopher Clark . Va., 1892. Medical Corps. Commander of 

Base Hospital No. 12, A. E. P., until Feb., 
1918, then Surgeon, 2d Corps, and served In 
all its battles. Companion of Order of St. 
Michael and St. George (British). 

Cootes, Harry N Va., 1896. Chief of Staff, 78th Div., A. E. F. 

Recommended for Distinguished and Meri- 
torious Service in Division and G. H. Q. 
Orders. 



14 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



Downing, Frederick B Va., 1902. Corps of Engineers, U. S. A. 

Gignilliat, Legh R.. Ga., 1895. General Staff, A. E. F. Legion of 

Honour. 

Gleaves Samuel R Va., 1898. Observations Section (G-3), Statt, 

Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F. Recommended 
by C. in C. for grade of Brigadier General. 
(No nominations sent to Senate after Oct. 
1, 1918.) D. S. M., Croix de Guerre and Le- 
gion of Honour. 

GQodfellow, John C D. C, 1894. Commanding 315th F. A., 86th 

Division, A. E. F. 

Gregory Junius C V'a., 1895. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Griffin Francis W Va., 1896. 334th F. A., 87th Division, A. E. F. 

Harrington, Francis C Va., 1908. Corps of Engineers, A. E. F. Com- 
manded 603rd Engineers. Later, commanded 
215th Engineers, 15th Division. Decorated. 

Hawes Jr George P Va., 1898. Brigade Adjutant. Promoted Col- 

' onel 155th F. A., 80th Division, A. E. F. 

Hickman, Edwin A Mo., 1895. U. S. Cavalry. General Staff, U. S. 

A. 

Langhorne, George T Va., 1887. Commanded 8th Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Mexican Border duty during entire War. 

Lansing, Cleveland C N. Y., 1995. F. A., U. S. A. Had resigned 

from the Service, but returned as soon as 
War was declared. 

Lee, Fitzhugh Va., 1896. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Locke Morris E ...Ohio, 1899. Commanding 51st F. A. Brigade 

and 102nd F.'A., 26th Division; Instructor, 
Army Gen. Staff College, and Director Army 
Centre of Artillery Studies, A. E. F. D. S. 
M., Legion of Honour. 

Lyerly, Ballard .Tenn., 1906. F. A., 78th Regt, A. E. F. 

Marshall, Jr., George C Pa., 1901. Asst. Chief of Staff and Chief of 

Operations, First Army; Staff, Commander- 
in-Chief, A. E. F. Decorations: D. S. M., 
Croix de Guerre with Palm, Legion of 
Honour, Order of Crown of Italy, Order of 
St. Maurice and Lazarus, and Order of La 
Solidaridad. 

Moreno, Aristides N. Y., 1899. Intelligence Section, General Staff, 

A. E. F. Decorations: D. S. M., British Ser- 
vice Order, French Legion of Honour, Bel- 
gian Order of the Crown, Italian Order of the 
Crown, Panama Order of Solidaridad, Ser- 
bian Order of the White Elephant. 

Nelly, Henry M W. Va., 1898. Lt. Col. and Adjt. Infantry, 

34th Div., A. E. F. Later, Adjt. 1st Army 
Corps. Promoted Colonel and placed in 
charge of Central Records Office, France. 
Prof. Mil. Science and Tactics, and Com- 
mandant, V. M. I., 1918-1920. 

Nichols, Maury U. C, 1S80. U. S. Infantry. Retired after dis- 
tinguished services in the mobilization of the 
Army. 

Owen, William O Va., 1876. Medical Corps, U. S. A. He had 

been retired by a Medical Board, after 39 
years' service, but returned to duty when 
War was declared, and served to the end. 



U. S. Army: Colonels (Cont'd) — Lieutenant Colonels 15 

Patton, Jr., George S CaL, 1907. Tank Corps, A. E. F. Went to 

France, May 28, 1917, in charge of H, Q. 
Troop, A. E. F. Detailed as first officer in 
American Tank Corps. Major; Lt. Colonel, 
August 22, 1918. Organized 1st (now called 
304th) Brigade, Tank Corps; commanded 
this brigade in St. Mihiel, and Meuse-Ar- 
gonne Offensive. Severely wounded in ac- 
tion, September 26, 1918. Promoted to col- 
onelcy, October 17, 1918. Returned to duty, 
November 5, 1918. Awarded D. S. C. and 
D. S. M. (1920) Colonel commanding 304th 
Brigade, Tank Corps, Camp Meade, Md. 

Peek, William H Va., 1896. As Lt. Col. commanded 302nd Am- 
munition Train, 77th Division, Headquarters, 
1st Army, A. E. F. Later, promoted Colonel. 

Peyton, Philip B Va., 1901. Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 

D. S. M. (Twice.) 

Schwabe, Henry A.. W. Va., 1904. C. A., A. E. F. 

Shipp, Arthur M Va., 1897. 19th Infantry, 18th Div., U. S. A. 

Ste'ger, John O V^a., 1898. C. A. C, U. S. A., A. E. F. In charge, 

construction, Langley Field (Aviation), Jan.- 
Dec, 1917; Commandant, Anti-Aircraft Art. 
School, Fort Monroe, Va., December, 1917- 
Jrne, 1918; Anti-Aircraft service, France and 
Italy, July-November, 1918; Commandant, 
Anti-Aircraft Art. School, Fort Monroe, Va., 
November. 1918-July, 1919; Operations Officer, 
Commandant, Vocational Training School, 
and in charge of anti-aircraft defense, Fort 
Mills, P. I. since August, 1919. 

Taylor, Blair D Va., N. M. Corps. Deputy Surgeon General, U. 

S. A. Retired. 

Taylor, James D Fla., 1898. Commanded 355th Inf., 89th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. D. S. M., 1919, for distin- 
guished service in the Philippine Islands in 
1901, in connection with the capture of the 
Insurgent Chief, Aguinaldo. Commended by 
President of U. S. for distinguished service 
in line of his profession, during World War. 

Waddill, Edmund C. Va., 1903. Lt. Colonel commanding 357th In- 
fantry, 90th Division, A. E. F., and promoted 
to Colonel of 358th Infantry. Severely gassed 
in action. D. S. C. 

Whiting, Geo. W. C Va., 1906. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Williamson, Sydney B Va., 1884. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Winn, Charles D Ky., 1893. F. A., A. E. F. 

Wise, Hugh D Va., 1891. 61st Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 

Wood, William S Va., 1899. 53rd F. A., U. S., later, 347th F. A. 

91st Division, A. E. F. 

LIEUTENANT COLONELS. 

Adams, Walker H Va., 1911. Maj. 3d Battn., 317th Inf., 80th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. Promoted Lt. Col., Aug. 9, 
1919, R. C. 

Anderson, James A Va., 1913. Major, Assistant to Operations Of- 
ficer, 1st Army, A. E. F. Promoted to Lieu- 
tenant Colonel. 



16 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Ayres, Henry Fairfax N. Y., 1906. C. A., A. E. F. 

Blackford, Charles M Va., 1897. 75th Inf., U. S. A. Died in the Ser- 
vice. 

Browne, Bowyer B Va., 1901. Engineers, U. S. A., A. E. F. En- 
tered service at beginning of War, Captain 
Engineers, U. S. A. Organized, commanded 
and carried overseas the 39th Engineers; 
later, commanded the 303rd Engineers, 78th 
Div., A. E. F. (1920) Commanding the 318th 
Engineers, U. S. A., Camp Grant, 111. 

Bull, Raymond C From Mo. Professor and Surgeon, V. M. I. 

During War, Med. Corps, U. S. A. Retired as 
Maj. for phy. dis. in line of duty. Ordered 
to active duty as a Retired Officer, July 20, 
1917. Lt. Col. Med. Corps, Nov. 8, 1918. Re- 
turned to inactive list. May 31, 1919. Adjt. 
Walter Reed Gen. Hosp., Dec. 6, 1916 to June 
24, 1918. Duty, Surg. Gen.'s Off., June, 1918 
to May 31, 1919. Present status, Major, 
U. S. A. Retired. 

Campbell, Arthur G Va., 1906. Battery "M," 7th Regiment, C. A. 

C, A. E. F. Battery Commander and Regtl. 
Adjt. Transferred to General Staff, U. S. A. 
G. S. Executive Assistant. 

Chambliss, Hardee Ala., 1894. Ordnance Dept., U. S. A. Com- 
manding Nitrate Plant No. 1. 
Christian, Thos. J. Jackson. . Ga., 1909. F. A., A. E. F. 
Cocke John Va., 1896. Ordnance Officer, 87th Division, A. 

E. F. 

Couper, William Va., 1904. Ordnance Department. Construc- 
tion Division, U. S. A. 

Currier, William P Va., 1904. C. A., A. E. F. 

De Armond, George W Mo., 1905. Air Service, U. S. A. 

DeVoe, Ralph G Wash., 1905. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Dockery, Albert B Mo., 1899. Asst. Chief of 'Staff, 14th Div., and, 

later, at War College, U. S. A. Assigned to 
V. M. I., 1919, as instructor of Cavalry. Pro- 
moted Sept., 1920, to Prof. Mil. Science and 
Tactics and Commandant, V. M. I. 

Dodson, Richard S Va., 1906. Adjutant General, Corps, A. E. F. 

(Previously, Major, 303d F. A.) 

Downer, John W Va., 1902. F. A., A. E. F. Severely wounded. 

D. S. C, Croix de Guerre, Legion Of Honour. 
With Army of Occupation as late as June, 
1920, Commanding 2nd Battalion, 6th F. A. 

Edwards, Robert O Va., 1908. C. A., A. E. F. Commanding Coast 

Defense, Oaku, H. T., till Oct., 1918. From 
July, 1919, in France. 

Garrard, Louis F Ga., 1894. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Gerow, Leonard T Va., 1911. Signal Corps. Officer in charge of 

Purchasing and Disbursing, A. E. F. 

Goodwin, Jr., Walton D. C, 1901. 59th Infantry, 4th Division, A. E. 

F. Wounded severely, Sept. 29, 1918. 
Hartz, Rutherfurd S Va., 1901. Air Service, U. S. A. Performed the 

historic "Rim Flight" of circumnavigating 
the United States, 9823 miles, in 104 hours 
and 23 minutes, in 1919. 



U. S. Army: Lieutenant Colonels (Continued) 17 

Jordan, Harry L Va., 1900. Inspector General's Department 

and Division Inspector, 18th Div., U. S. A. 

Kimberly, Allen Va., 1906. C. A., A. E. F. 

Lee, George M Va., 1896. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Maddux, Rufus F Ky., 1912. Chemical Warfare Service, A. B. F. 

Magruder, John Va., 1909. Acting Chief of Staff, 4th Corps 

Artillery, A. E. F. 
'Marshall, Gilbert Miss., 1904. C. A., U. S. A. 

Maury, Dabney H .Va., 1882. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Miller, Benjamin F Va., 1901. Q. M. Corps, A. E. F. 

Mort, John E Va., 1904. Chief of Artillery, Information Ser- 
vice, and Counter-Battery Officer, 3rd Corps, 
A. E. F. 

McCord, James H Mo., 1879. Inspector General's Department, 

U. S. A. 

McRae, Donald M D. C, 1912. Infantry, A. E. F. Rose from 

Private to Major in British Ex. Force. Rose 
from Captain to Lt. Col. in Amer. Ex. Forces. 
Wounded in action at Vesle, Apr. 9, 1917. 
British Military Cross. Cited for gallantry 
three times. 

Nichols, William R Va., 1906. C. A., U. S. A. (A. E. F.) 

Owsley, Alvin M Texas, 1909. Adjutant, 36th Division, A. E. F. 

Highly Commended and promoted for dis- 
tinguished gallantry in action. After Arm- 
istice detailed to take a course of Lectures at 
Inns of Court, London. Now Asst. Attorney 
General of Texas. 

Peek, George M Va., 1907. Chief of Staff, 76th Div. Later, 

Asst. G. 3. Operations, 6th Army Corps, 
A. E. F. With Army of Occupation, as late 
as June 1920. 

Perkins, Kenneth S Va., 1905. Major, 350th F. A. Inspector-In- 
structor, F. A., U. S. A. Lt. Colonel, Inspec- 
tor General's Department. Detailed to V. 
M. I., 1919. 

Porter, Daniel L Va., 1901. Motor Transport Corps, U. S. A. 

Talbott, Samuel G Va., 1899. 73rd Inf., A. E. F. With Army of 

Occupation, Adjutant General, Army in Ger- 
many. 

Templeton, Hamilton Texas, 1912. F. A., A. E. F. 

Thompson, Ernest Texas, 1914. Major, 344th M. G. Battalion, 

90th Division, A. E. F. Promoted to Lt. 
Colonel. With Army of Occupation. 

Townes, Jr., John E Va., 1907. C. A., Chief of Section, Railway 

Artillery Reserve, A. E. F. 

Upshur, Alfred P Va., 1904. Medical Corps, Regular Army, U. S. 

A. Organized and commanded Base Hospi- 
tal, Camp Pike, Ark.; organized and com- 
manded General Hospital No. 3. Recom- 
mended by Surgeon General of the Army 
for Distinguished Service Medal. 

Walker, Walton H Texas, 1909. Major, 13th M. G. Battalion, A. 

E. F. In a number of engagements. Pro- 
moted to Lt. Colonel. Cited twice in G. 0., 
5th Division for distinguished conduct in 
action. 



18 ViEGiN^iA Military Institute — World War Kecord 

Wall, William G Md., 1894. Ordnance Dept., U. S. A., A. E. F. 

Senior Officer on Board of Caterpillar Artil- 
lery Design. 

Waring, James M. S Md., 1894. Ordnance Dept., U. S. A. Command- 
ing Officer, Ordnance Depot at Nitro Plant, 
W. Va. 

Wilbourn, Arthur E Va., 1904. Commanded Kelly Field, and or- 
ganized and commanded other Flying Fields. 
Then commissioned Lt. Colonel of 810th 
Pioneer Infantry, U. S. A. 

Williams, John S Va., 1904. C. A. General Staff, A. E. F. Pro- 
moted from Major commanding a battalion 
of the 1st Prov. 8th Howitzer Regiment 
which he led at the front, to Lt. Colonel, 
Oct., 1918. 

Wise, Jennings C Va., 1902. Commanding 2nd Battalion, 318th 

Inf., 80th Div., A. E. F. Wounded in action. 
Twice cited for "meritorious and courag- 
eous conduct in battle," by both Division Com- 
mander and Commander-in-Chief. Decorated 
by French by appointment as a "Grenadier, 
Regiment de Zuzey." Later, awarded D. 
S. C. 

MAJORS. 

Akin, Spencer B Miss., 1910. 20th Division, Infantry, U. S. A. 

Alexander, George M Va., 1909. 116th Infantry, A. E. F. Wounded 

in action. 

Allderdice, Fitzhugh B Md., 1901. 64th Infantry, U. S. A., Manila, P. I. 

Almond, Edward M Va., 1915. 12th M. G. Battalion, 4th Div., A. 

E. F. Wounded in action at Vesle River. 

Arms, Thomas S Ohio, 1915. 31st Infantry, A. E. F. Served in 

Siberia over three years. 

Baldinger, Ora M Va., 1910. Air Service, U. S. A. Commanding 

Unit. 

Baxter, Jere Tenn., 1905. Infantry, U. S. A. (Hawaii). 

Beckner, William H Ky., 1907. 115th F. A., A. E. F. and, later, 

H. Q., 55th F. A. Brigade, 30th Div., as 
Brigade Adjt. (Permanent address: Galax, 
Va.) 

Beirne, Richard F Va., 1902. C. A., A. E. F. 

Bergman, Lloyd H Texas, 1914. 48th Infantry, 20th Division, U. 

S. A. 

Blackmore, Philip G Va., 1911. C. A., U. S. A. On duty in Hawaii 

during entire War. 

Blow, George A Va., 1906. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Bradbury, Eugene Va., 1896. 5th Engineers, Construction Divi- 
sion, U. S. A. 

Brander, William W Va., 1887. Chaplain, 8th Cavalry, U. S. A. Re- 
signed 1920, after nearly 20 years' service. 
Resumed service in P. E. Church Ministry. 

Brett, G«orge H Ohio, 1909. Air Service. Commanding Con- 
centration Camp, Codford, Eng,., A. E. F. 

Brooke, Richard Va., 1908. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Brown, Charles C Mo., 1910. 317th Ammunition Train, 92d Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. 



TJ. S. Army: Majors (Continued) 19 

Bryan, Jr., Lewis R Texas, 1912. Adjutant 72nd Inf. Brigade, 36tli 

Division, A. E. F. Promoted Major for gal- 
lantry and remained with Headquarters, 
this unit, to the end. 

Buckner, Jr., Simon B Ky., 1906. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Carroll, John W Va., 1900. Medical Corps. Base Hospital, No. 

41, St. Denis, France, A. E. F. 

Carson, Charles H Va., 1915. Infantry, 155th Depot Brigade, 

Camp Lee, Va., U. S. A. 

Chambliss, Turner M Va., 1914. 30th (Reg.) Infantry, A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded in action. Promoted to 
Major, 30th Infantry. With Army of Oc- 
cupation. 

Clark, Harvey R Texas, 1912. U. S. A. 

Clarkson, Blandy B Va., 1914. 328th Inf., 82nd Division, A. E. F. 

Clement, Joseph T , . . S. C, 1906. 39th Inf., 4th Div., A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded in action. Croix de Guerre 
with Palm. 

Cocke, William H Va., 1894. Adjutant, 70th Infantry Brigade, 

35th Div., A. E. F. Service in St. Mihiel and 
Meuse-Argonne Offensives. 

Coldwell, Philip Texas, 1910. After returning from P. I., June, 

1919 (unassigned), in command, 3rd Regi- 
ment (4,000), 161st Depot Brigade, Camp 
Grant, and for a short while in command of 
Camp Grant (35,000). Seriously injured in 
line of duty at Camp Grant and in Hospital 
eight months. 

Collins, Charles J Fla., 1916. Intelligence Officer, Heavy Artil- 
lery, 4th Army Corps, A. E. F. 

Crane, James M Texas, 1914. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Creswell, Harry I. T Cal., 1913. Infantry, A. E. F. Wounded in 

' action. Commended for gallantry at Can- 
'■-> tigny. 

Dashiell, Robert M Va., 1908. Promoted from Captain, 3rd Batta- 
lion, 106th Inf., 21st Div. to Major, 302nd 
Tank Corps, A. E. F. In Hospital several 
months, after middle of December, 1918. 

Dennis, William F Va., 1882. Engineers, O. R. C. (Unassigned.) 

Dillard, Alexander W Md., 1913. Capt. 26th Div., 102nd Infantry, 

A. E. F. Severely gassed in action. Wound 
stripe. D. S. C. Promoted Major. Acci- 
dentally killed while on duty in the Service, 
at Nashville, Tenn., inspecting Military 
Schools. 

Drew, Octavius C Texas, 1895. Assistant Adjutant, 96th Division, 

A. E. F. 

Dunbar, Richard B Ky., 1908. 111th Engineers, 36th Div., A. E. F. 

Gassed in action. 

Eastham, Kenna G Va., 1910. 815th Pioneer Infantry. Later, 1st 

Section, General Staff, commanding 2nd 
Cavalry, Advance Section, S. O. S., A. E. F. 

Eglin, Henry W. T Va., 1905. Assistant Chief Ordnance Officer. 

2nd Army, A. E. F. 

EUerson, John H Va., 1903. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Elliott, Samuel T Va., 1897. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

English, Paul X Va., 1911. Inspector, 97th Division, IT. S. A. 

Erck, Alfred H Porto Rico, 1908. Q. M. Corps, General Staff, 

U. S. A. 



20 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Falk, Jr., David B Ga., 1911. (Reg.) Infantry, A. B. F. 

Falligant, Louis A Ga., 1909. 15th Cavalry, A. E. F. 4th Combat 

Division. Com'd'g 3d Battn., 39th Regular 
Infantry. Promoted Major. 

Fauntleroy, James D Va., 1^88? Engineers, U. S. A. 

Fenner, Guy C La., 1898. 86th Inf., 18th Div., U. S. A. Died 

a few weeks after honourable discharge, 
April 9, 1919. 

Gates, Oscar Irvin Ark., 1909. F. A., A. E. F. 

Gerow, Lee S Va., 1913. U. S. A. (A. E. F.) Training new 

Division at Camp Devens, Mass., and in 
charge of Soldiers "Bonus" Section of Fi- 
nance Division of War Dept., U. S. A. Com- 
manding Officer, Visitors' Bureau in Ger- 
many, June, 1920. 

Gill. William H Va., 1907. Division Provost Marshal, A. E. F. 

Transferred to 6th U. S. Inf., 1st Battalion. 
With Army of Occupation. Recommended 
for grade of Lt. Colonel. 

Gwathmey, James T Va., 1883. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Handy, Thomas T Va., 1914. F. A. Transferred to Staff of Maj. 

Gen. Menoher, 42nd Division, A. E. F. D. S. 
C, Croix de Guerre. 

Hardaway, Jr., Benjamin H..Ga., 1913. 90th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Harrison, John S Army Post, 1913. 142nd M. G. Battalion. A. 

E. F. 

Harrison, William B Va., 1892. U. S. Engineer. Assigned to War 

Dept. Service for equipping Engineer Troops. 
About to sail in charge of 153rd Regiment, 
Engineers, at time of Armistice. 

Hastie, Jr., Jack Wash., 1912. 91st Division, A. E. F. Co. "E," 

Am. Train — changed to Prov. Cav. Squadron 
and attached to 2d Cavalry in France. Later, 
commanded H. Q. Troop. 9th Army Corps. 
Promoted Major. Severely gassed in action. 
Croix de Guerre. 

Heflin, Sterling M.. Va., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. Instructor, O. T. 

Camps. Later, Adjutant, C. I. O. T. S., at 
Camp MacArthur. 

Holmes, Jr., Henry B Va., 1916. C. A., U. S. A. Instructor at Fort 

Monroe and other Posts. 

Hunt, Claude DeB ...Mont., 1910. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Hyatt, John W Va., 1900. Infantry, Staff, Maj. Gen. C. R. 

Edwards, A. E. F. 

Jackson, Charles S W. Va., 1906. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Jamison, Stanford C La., 1907. Medical Corps, A. E. F. 

Jenkins, Coleman W Va., 1909. C. A., A. E. F. 

Johns, Glover S Texas, 1909. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Johnson, E. Hammond Va., 1904. 328th Inf., 82d Division, A. E. F. 

Died in the Service at Cochem, Germany, 
while with 112th Inf., Army of Occupation. 

Karst, Jr., Charles La., 1914. 51st F. A.. U. S. A., A. E. F. Went 

overseas with 17th Brig., 17th Division. In 
action at Chateau Thierry as Battery Com- 
mander. 

Keen, Hugh B Va., 1909. 24th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Kollock, Charles W S. C, 1877. Air Service, Flight Surgeon, Kelly 

Field, U. S. A. 

LaPrade, W. W Va., 1904. 111th F. A., A. E. F. 



U. S. Army: Majors (Continued) 21 

Law, William L S. C. 1891. Engineers, U. S. A: Honourably 

discharged. 

Lloyd, Orin C N. C, 1910. Camp Personnel Adjutant. Later, 

A. G. Dept., planning mobilization, etc. 

Luke, John M Va., 1900. Inspector General's Department, U. 

S. A. 

Lyerly, Jr., Charles A Tenn., 1907. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Lyne, Richard G Va., 1916. Battery "B," 1st Battalion, 51st 

C. A., A. E. F. Slightly wounded In 
action. Highly commended by Division Com- 
mander for conduct at St. Mihiel. Promoted 
to Major. 

Magoffin, Jr., Beriah Ky., 1893. Major Engineers, U. S. A. Hon- 
ourably discharged (beginning of War). 

Marrow, George P Va., 1897. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. Discharged 

on Surgeon's certificate for disability. 

Milton, Marshall M Va., 1903. 60th C. A., A. E. F. 

Moore, Sidney T Va., 1896. Signal Corps, U. S. A. 

Morrissett, Daniel G Va., 1912. With Ammunition Train, 1st Div., 

Headquarters, A. E. P. Severely wounded in 
action, Meuse-Argonne, Oct. 2, 1918. 

Murphy, Daniel E D. C, 1910. Cavalry, U. S. A. (Hawaii). 

Myers, Jr., E. T. D Va., 1882. Ordnance Corps, U. S. A. 

McLeod, Hugh Va., 1893. Engineers, U. S. A. 

McMillen Donald R... Wis., 1909. 9th M. G. Battalion, 3rd Div., A. 

E. F. Severely gassed twice and evacuated 
to Hospital. 

Nash, John Va., 1906. 2nd Battalion, 313th F. A., 80th 

Div., A. E. F. 

Nichols, Edward W Va., 1878. Engineers, U. S. A. Commanding 

V. M. I. S. A. T. C. 

Noland, C. P Va. 1904. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Parks, John N W. Va., 1897. Inf., 155th Depot Brigade, Camp 

Lee, Va. U. S. A. 

Parks, Jr., Victor Va., 1915. Air Service, A. E. F. Commanded 

166th Aero Squadron. American Ace with 
8 Enemy Planes to his credit. Officially 
cited three times by American Commander 
and once by French Commander. Awarded 
Croix de Guerre and another French decora- 
tion. Two years and five months' foreign 
service. Continues in the Service. 

Parsons, Houston H Montana, 1906. Medical Corps, A. E. F. 

Patterson, Max G Va., 1913. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Pendleton, Randolph T Va., 1908. 1st Battalion, Trench Artillery, 

1st Army Corps, A. E. F. 

Perry, Josiah N D. C, 1906. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Peyton, James W Va., 1906. Inff.ntry, A. E. F. Severely 

wounded in action. 

Pitts, Jr., John L Va., 1916. Infantry, Camp Lee, Va., U. S. A. 

Pitts, Lindsay . Va., 1916. Infantry, Camp Lee, Va., U. S. A 

Poague, Henry G Va., 1910. 816th F. A., 81st Division, A. E. F. 

Polk, Harding Texas, 1907. Cavalry, 17th Div. & 92nd Div. 

U. S. A., and General Staff Officer, A. E. F, 

Powell, Llewellyn Va., 1899. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Purdie, Kenneth S Va., 1912. C. A. Ft. Monroe Coast Artillery 

Training Centre, U. S. A. Promoted to Major. 



22 ' Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Randolph, Robert Isham Til., 1903. Engineers, attached to 2nd Army, 

A. E. F, 

Robertson, Reuben L Va., 1880. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Schmidt, Hermann C Va., 1908. Engineering Division, Office, Chief 

Ordnance Officer, A. E. F. 

Scott, Jr., William D Va., 1899. Medical Corps, A. E. F. Command- 
ing Field Hospital No. 320, 350th Sanitary 
Train. 

Seaman, Evan C Pa., 1915. C. A. C, U. S. A. Instructor at Ft. 

Monroe, Va. 

Seay, Joseph Va., 1892. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Sheppard, W. Wallace S. C, 1901. Judge Advocate, U. S. A. 

Sinclair, Jesse L. Va., 1909. C. A. C, Ft. Monroe, U. S. A. 

Smith, Estil V Kansas, 1912. Infantry, Philippine Islands. 

A. E. F., after Armistice. With Army of Oc- 
cupation as late as June, 1920. 

Smith, Sidney C W. Va., 1914. 48th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Smith, Walter C W. Va., 1909. 319th Inf., A. E. F. 

Spessard, Rutherford H Va., 1915. 58th Inf., 4th Div., A. E. F. With 

Army of Occupation. Promoted for gallantry 
at Vesle River, and awarded D. S. C. 

Spilman, Robert S Va., 1893. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Spragins, William E Ala., 1906. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Stroud, Jr., Edward B Texas, 1913. Infantry, U. S. A. Commanded 

Development Battalion at Camp MacArthur. 

Taber, William A Ala., 1916. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Taliaferro, Jr., Edward H...La., 1908. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Walbach, James de B Md., 1913. C. A., U. S. A. 

Weaver, Walter R Ind., 1904. Signal Corps, U. S. A. 

Whiting, Edgar M Va., 1904. 77th Field Art., A. E. F. Very seri- 
ously wounded. 

Williams, Frederick J N. J., 1915. 342d F. A., 89th Division, A. E. F. 

Many months in Hospital in Germany and in 
U. S. from the hardships of the Service, and 
died March 15, 1920, at Camp Stotsenberg, 
P. I., from injury received while playing polo. 

Wilson, Cary R Va., 1906. C. A. C, A. E. F. 

Wilson, John P W. Va., 1911. 1st Battalion, 6th Inf. Later, 

1st Battn., Inf., at Camp Pike 0. T. School, 
U. S. A. Retired by Medical Board, Sept. 
26, 1919. 

Wiltshire, Turner H Md., 1909. Infantry, Headquarters, 80th Div., 

A. E. F. 

Wise, Henry A N. Y., 1894. Infantry, U. S. A. Graduated at 

War College as G-3, and on duty at Camp Lee 
and at War Department. 

Witt, Thomas Foster Va., 1912. C. A. C. Ft. Monroe, U. S. A. 

Wolfe, Walter McI N. J.. 1908. 6th Engineers, A. E. F. 

Yancey, James P Va., 1910. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Yost, Howard McC Ohio, 1906. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Youell. Rice M Va., 1914. 26th Inf., 1st Div., A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded in action. Recommended for 
his Majority by Wireless, during the Meuse- 
Argonne battle, and received the promotion 
immediately. Awarded D. S. C, Croix de 
Guerre and Chevalier, Legion of Honour, and 
received one Corps Citation. Commanded 
Vanguard of his Division in march into Ger- 
many. 



TJ. S. Army: Captains 23 

CAPTAINS. 

Adams, Jr.. Arthur A Ala., 1912. 317th F. A., 81st Div., A. E. F. 

Adams, Frederick W Mo., 1909. 16th (Regular) Infantry, 1st Div., 

A. E. F. Wounded in action. Awarded D. 
S. C. and Croix de Guerre. 

Alsop, Thomas Va., 1893. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Anderson, Stewart W Va., 1908. 307th Engineers, A. E. F. (Sappers). 

Service in St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Of- 
fensives. Entered service. May 16, 1917. 
Discharged, May 27, 1919. 

Bailey, Weldon M Texas, 1908. F. A., U. S. A. 

Baker, Arthur M Ga., 1896. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Barksdale, Alfred D . .Va., 1911. Co. "M," 116th Inf., 29th Div., A. 

E. F. Awarded D. S. C, Croix de Guerre and 
Chevalier, Legion of Honour. Student, Uni- 
': " ' versity of Paris, March-June, 1919. 

Barnes, Olin B Md., 1908. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Barr, Albert T Va., 1905. 119th Infantry, 30th Division, A. 

E. F. 

Pass, Lucian L Va., 1902. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Beasley, Oscar H Va., 1915. Co. "A," 63rd Inf., A. E. F. 

Beasley, Thomas H Va., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Becker, Leland S Va., 1912. 55th F. A. Brigade, A. E. F. 

Bell, Jr., Francis Va., 1915. C. A., U. S. A. 

Bentley, James B Va., 1910. C. A. C, U. S. A. 

Berry, Edwin S Calif., 1900. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Bertschey, Stanton L Va., 1918. 5th Division, 6th Infantry, A. E. F. 

Wounded in action. With Army of Occupa- 
tion. 

Bowe, Jr., William F Ga., 1910. Engineers, A. E. F. Commissioned 

2nd Lieut. Engineers, U. S. R., September 
25, 1917; sailed for France in three months; 
stationed at General Intermediate Storage 
Depot, which he aided in constructing, at 
Gievres during entire service overseas. Pro- 
moted to First Lieut. Promoted to Captain, 
Engineers. Returned to U. S., January 25, 
1919, and honourably discharged. 

Powering, Benjamin Va., 1915. Bat. "D," 74th C. A., A. E. F. 

Bradford, William B Fla., 1916. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Brazelton, Thomas B Texas, 1912. Cavalry, U. S. A. (Commis- 

sidned after Armistice.) 

Brister, Jr., Charles M Va., 1911. 38th C. A., Bat. "A," A. E. F. 

Brown, Alanson D Missouri, 1912. 167th Inf., 42nd Div. Later, 

Instructor, 1st Army School and 3rd Corps 
School, A. E. F. 

Brown, Francis M Ala., 1913. 320th F. A., 82nd Div., A. E. F. 

Bryan, Jr., Henry T N. C, 1913. 30th Div. Aide to General Fal- 

son, A. E. F. 

Bucher, Oliver B Va., 1917. C. A. C, U. S. A. 

Burress, Withers A. Va., 1914. Operations Officer and C. O., Hdqrs. 

Co., 23rd Inf., 2nd Div., A. E. F. Decora- 
tions: Chevalieri di Coronna d'ltalia and La 
Solidaridad (Panama). 

Caffery, James P La., 1910. F. A. Attached to Air Service, 

U. S. A. 



24 Virginia Military IxYstitute — World War Eecord 

Camp, P. Ryland Va., 1904. U. S. A. 

Campbell, Alexander G Va., 1915. C. A., A. E. F. 

Campbell, George B Va., 1911. 166th Inf., 42nd Div., A. E. F., as 

1st Lt. Returned to U. S. as Instructor, and 
promoted Captain, Infantry. 

Carlton, Harry Va., 1905. Ordnance Department, U. S. A. 

Carneal, William L Va., 1903. Ordnance Department, U. S. A. 

Castleman. Howard B Va., 1901. F. A., U. S. A. 

Charbonnet, Pierre N La., 1914. Reserve Medical Corps, A. E. P. 

Transferred to Regular U. S. Medical Corps 
as 1st Lieut, and returned to U. S., account, 
disability. (Continues in the Service.) 

Charlton, S. Allen Texas, 1907. 343rd P. A., 90th Div., A. E. F. 

With Army of Occupation. 

Christian, Arthur H Va., 1912. Battery "D," 351st F. A., 92nd Div., 

A. E. P. 

Christian, Jr., Camillus Va., 1914. Co. "E," 363rd Inf., 91st Div., A. E. 

F. Cited for gallantry at Argonne Forest, 
and promoted. Detailed at Peace Commis- 
sion's Headquarters at Paris. 

Christian, Mortimer H Va., 1916. 17th Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Clarke, Charles K N. J., 1913. 302nd M. G. Battalion, 70th Div., 

and M. G. Co., 3rd Div., A. E. P. In Hospi- 
tal two months. 

Clemmer, Richard H Va., 1911. 351st F. A., 92d Div., A. E. P. 

Cocke, Philip St. George Va., 1894, Infantry, U. S. A. 

Cockrill, Thomas McF Mo., 1913. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Cohen, Rodney S Ga., 1903. Ordnance Corps. Later, Personnel 

Adjt., A. E. P. 

Cole, Jr., James E ^..Va., 1917. 61st Inf., 5th Division, A. E. P. 

Received Citation from General Officer for 
gallantry in both St. Mihiel and Meuse-Ar- 
gonne Offensives. 

Colonna, Benjamin A D. C, 1914. Infantry, A. E. P. Wounded in 

action. 

Conquest, Edwin P Va., 1914. 5th P. A., 1st Division, A. E. F. 

Ccnrad, Robert Y . . Va., 1905. Co. "I," 116th Inf., 29th Div., A. E. 

P. Killed in action, battle of Marne, Oct. 
12, 1918. Awarded D. S. C. (posthumously.) 

Conway, Coleman B Va., 1915. 119th Inf., 30th Div., A. E. P. 

Cook, Jr., Robert E. L N. C, 1915. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Coulbourn, Daniel L Va., 1913. Asst. Disbursing Q. M., Headquar- 
ters, 1st Div., A. E. F. With Army of Occu- 
pation. Recommended for grade of Major, 
but Armistice prevented prom'Otion. 

Coupland, Richard C Va., 1915. C. A., A. E. P. Detailed to Aviation 

duty in Italy and on the Western Front, 
where he served with distinction. Since the 
Armistice engaged in Research Work for the 
Government. 

Cunningham, W. Prank Ala., 1914. P. A., A. E. P. With Army of Oc- 
cupation. 

Cutler, Stuart N. Y., 1918. 23rd Inf., 2nd Div., A. E. P. Seri- 
ously gassed. April, 1918, and invalided home, 
and long in Hospital. Ordered before Medical 
Board, February, 1920. (Continues in the 
Service.) 

Dalton, Joseph N N. C, 1912. Infantry, A. E. P. With Army 

of Occupation as late as June, 1920. 



U. S. Army: Captains (Continued) 25 

Dashiell, George F Va., 1919. M. G. Co., 11th Infantry, 5th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. Killed in action, Nov. 10, 
1918, near Souppy, in the Argonne. 

Dashiell, Henry G Va., 1911. 3rd Ammunition Train, 3rd Div., 

A. E. P. 

Davant, Edward T Va., 1911. 315th M. G. Battalion, 80th Div., 

. A. E. F. With Army of Occupation. Se- 
verely wounded in action. Cited for valour 
at' Sommerance, Nov. 1, 1918. 

Davant, Henry W Va., 1906. 46th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Davenport, Ralph M Colo., 1911. Ammunition Train, Motor Section, 

1st Div., A. E. F. Wounded in action. Highly 
commended for gallantry, and promoted. 

Deeble, William R D. C, 1914. C. A., A. E. F. 

Dillard, John W Va., 1917. C. A. C, Ft. Barrancas, U. S. A. 

Doyle, John E Va., 1908. 2nd Replacement Regiment, U. S. A., 

Camp Gordon, Ga. 
Drayton, Charles H S. C, 1909. 323rd Infantry, 8ist Div., A. E. F. 

Commanded battalion after his major fell. 
Drewry, Guy H Va., 1916. C. A. C, Ft. Barrancas, U. S. A. 

Later in Philippines. 
Drewry, Herbert R Va., 1887. Medical Corps, 112th M. G. Batta- 
lion, 29th Div., U. S. A. 

Durant, Armand Ga., 1916. 6th F. A., A. E. F. 

Earle, Lawrence H N. J., 1908. Ordnance Corps, A. E. F. Charged 

with making report on production of Tanks 

and Tractors by British and French Minis- 
^ tries of Munitions, and on observing them in 

action. 

Eastham, Robert F Va., 1902. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Ellison. Alexander H Va., 1910. 34th Engineers, A. B. F., and, later, 

with Army Transport Service in charge of 

Repair Shops and Electrical Installations. 

In three major engagements. 
Ellison, Lewis H Va., 1909. Regimental Supply Officer. 37th 

Engineers, A. E. F. 
Etheridge, David M Va., 1907. 306th Trench Mortar Battery, 156th 

Brigade, 81st Div., A. E. F. 
Ewell Nathaniel McG Va.,,1913. 1st Lt. Co. "C," 116th Inf., 29th Div., 

A. E. F. Promoted to Captain, returned to 

U. S., and assigned to 90th Inf. 
Ewing, John D La., 1913. 128th Inf., 32nd Div., A. E. F. 

Croix de Guerre for gallantry in Argonne. 
Fenno, Sylvan A D. C, 1911. Infantry, U. S. A. 112th Regt., 

Mounted Scouts. 
Flannagan, Coke N. Y., 1913. 23rd Inf., Signal Corps, 2nd 

Div., A. E. F. Croix de Guerre. Highly 

recommended for permanent Army. 
Fleming, Charles S Fla. 1897. Judge Advocate, 28th Artillery 

Brigade, C. A., A. E. F. 

Foster, Sidney Texas, 1898. C. A., U. S. A. 

Franklin, Henry C Va., 1917 Battery "B," 35th C. A., U. S. A. 

Fray, John M Va., 1908. Battery "A," 117th F. A., 31st Div., 

A. E. F. 

Fudge, Caleb S 111., 1907. Engineers, U. S. R. C. 

Punkhouser, Samuel K Va., 1904. Battery "C," 35th C. A., U. S. A. 

Gaillard, Frederick E Texas, 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Gant, Edwin H N. C, 1911. Q. M. Reserve, U. S. A. 



26 Virginia Military IisrsTiTUTE — World War Eecord 

Garing, Robert F Va., 1915. F. A., U. S. A. 

Garvey, Willis A Kansas, 1916. Battery "F," 15th F. A., 2d 

Div., A. E. F. Member, Military Committee, 
American Section, Peace Congress, Recom- 
mended for D. S. C. 

Gayle, Jr., Lester T ..Va., 1912. 26tli Inf., 1st Div., A, E. F. Trans- 
ferred to Air Service; in command, Field of 
Issoudixn. Seriously injured in line of duty 
when his plane fell. Retired by Medical 
Board in November, 1919. Appointed Q. 
M. at V. M. I. 1920. 

George, Robert C Texas, 1887. Chaplain, U. S. A., Ft. Leaven- 
worth, Kansas. 

Gerson, Gustave R Texas, 1912. Medical Corps, B. E. F. and A. E. 

F. Recommended for bravery in Flanders 
and promoted. Slightly wounded in action. 
Decorated for conspicuous gallantry. 

Gibson, William L Md., 1912. Cavalry, A. E. F. 

Giffin, David E .W. Va., 1907. 322nd Labour Battalion, Q. M. 

Corps, A. E. F. 

Gill, Howard F Va., 1914. C. A. C, U. S. A. Died in Service 

at Ft. M'Onroe. 

Glazebrook, Jr., Larkin W...D. C, 1918. 12th F. A., 2nd Div., A. E. F. 

Wounded several times, and severely gassed 
at St. Mihiel. Highly commended, promoted 
and invalided home. 

Goodman, Moses Va., 1912. C. A., A. E. F. 

Goodyear, George A... Va., 1915. 8th Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Gordon, T. Croxton Va., 1904. Q. M. Corps, Constn. Div., U. S. A. 

Grant, Percy S Va., 1908. 368th Infantry, 92nd Div., A. E. F. 

Gray, Jr., Henry P Va., 1918. 51st Inf., 6th Div., A. E. F. At- 
tached to Commander-in-Chief's Tliird Regi- 
ment Escort in France and England, after 
Armistice. 

Greene, Frederick S Va., 1890. 302d Engineers, 77th Div., A. E. F. 

Promoted Major, but, through error, never 
received commission. 

Grove, Jr., Frank A.. Va., 1912. F. A., A. E. F. 

Hagenbuch, Joseph S Pa., 1911. Sanitary Corps, A. E. F. With 

Army of Occupation, performing Major's 
duty as Chief Sanitary Officer of different 
Armies. After Armistice remained in charge 
of all Red Cross work, with headquarters 
near Bordeaux, and there as late as Feb.. 
1920. 

Harman, Charles P Va., 1888. Ordnance Corps, U. S. A. 

Harrison, Gunyon M Va., 1907. Headquarters Company, 116th Inf., 

29th Div., A. E. F. Severely wounded, Octo- 
ber 18, 1918, and in Hospital over a year. 
Only officer of his Company left after terrific 
drive of his Division — all lieutenants killed. 

Hayden, Alfred D Fla., 1915. 3d Div., 30th Infantry, A. E. F. 

Henderson, Jr., Eugene Ark., 1912. Co. "C," 312th Ammunition Train, 

87th Div., A. E. F. After Armistice, Camp 
Provost Marshal, Bordeaux Embarkation 
Camp, Feb. 12 to July 9, 1919. 



U. S. Aemy: Captains (Continued) 27 

Hepner, John F Va., 1915. 7th Brigade, 7th Division, A. E. F. 

Herrick, George F 111., 1915. 27th Inf., A. E. F. (Vladivostok, 

as late as February, 1920.) 

Hirst, Virginius B ..Va., 1911. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Hitt, Walter L Va., 1915. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Holtzman, Jr., Charles T Va., 1915. 29th Div., 116th Inf., A. E. F. With 

Army of Occupation, 

Howard, Conway R Va., 1900. 17th Engineers, A. E. F. (As late 

as February, 1920, was still with Relief Com- 
mission near Salonika, reconstructing rail- 
roads, in order to carry food to starving 
people.) 

Howell, Evan P Ga., 1902. Q. M. Corps, 312th Labour Batta- 
lion, U. S. A. 

Humphreys, William H Va., 1915. Company "L," 58th Inf., 4th Div., 

A. E. F. Wounded in action In Chateau 
Thierry Sector, July 18, 1918. Killed in ac- 
tion in Argonne Sector, October 4, 1918. 

Husson, William M Fla., 1914. 82nd F. A., U. S. A. Hon'bly dis- 
charged, Jan'y, 1918. Re-enlisted as a private 
at Camp Taylor, O. T. C, but War ended be- 
fore he could be re-commissioned. 

Hutton, Jr., Frank B Va., 1913. Medical Corps, No. 127, Field Hos- 
pital, 32nd Div., A. E. F. While on way to 
France his ship. The Tuscania, was torpedoed. 
In every engagement in which American 
Army participated. 

Hyland, John L Miss., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. Stationed at 

C. 0. T. School at Camp Pike, as Instructor, 
U. S. A. 

James, Bartlett Va., 1915. U. S. A. Died in the Service. 

Jamison, Peyton T Va., 1906. Battery "A," 35th C. A., U. S. A. 

Jemison, Elbert S Ala., 1914. 306th Ammunition Train, 81st Div., 

A. E. F. Later, Instructor, F. A. Replace- 
ment Depot, Camp Jackson, S. C. 

Johns, Jr., Claude D Texas, 1915. Infantry, U. S. A. A. E. F. 

Johnson, A. Broaddus Va., 1911. Post Adjutant, 2nd Aviation Centre, 

A. E. F. Recommended for grade of Major. 

Johnson, Conrad Va., 1908. 116th Infantry, 29th Div., A. E. F. 

Wounded in action. Returned to U. S. as In- 
structor. 

Johnson, Francis L W. Va., 1910. 21st (Regular) Infantry, U. S. A. 

Johnson, I. Branch Va., 1902. 29th Div., 111th F. A., U. S. A. 

Johnson, James V Ark., 1901. F. A., U. S. A. 

Johnston, Charles Va., 1902. Headquarters Co., 111th Inf., 29th 

Div., A. E. F. Very severely wounded In ac- 
tion. Perm, address, Ch. of Comm'ce, Rich- 
mond, Va., care Carneal & Johnston 

Jones, Alger Texas, 1907. Commanding Troop "H," 5th 

Cav., stationed at Camp iStanley, Texas 
Cavalry School, under Colonels Fitzhugh 
Lee and Ben Law, U. S. A. 

Jones, James S Texas, 1895. 111th Military Police, U. S. A., 

at Camp Bowie, Texas. 

Kahn, Lucian L Ohio, 1906. Infantry, 8th Division, A. E. F. 

Keezell, Rembrandt P Va., 1914. Co. "H,", 319th Inf., A. E. F. 

Kelly, Warren N. Y., 1913. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Kennard, Hartwell J Texas, 1917. Infantry, U. S. A, 



28 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Kennon, William G Va., 1904. Medical Corps, 18th Inf., 1st Div., 

A. E. P. Later, in charge of Camp Hospital 
No. 28 at Nevers, France. Distinguished 
himself. 

Kibler, A. Franklin Va., 1912. 2nd F. A., 8th Div., A. E. F. 

King, Lawrence G Ohio, 1911. Quartermaster Corps, A. E. F. 

Attached to Headquarters, Chief Medical 
Corps in France. In charge of Red Cross at 
Salonika, as late as January, 1920.) 

Kinsolving, Jr., Herbert B...Ky., 1911. Battalion Adjutant, 138th F. A., 

38th Div. Later, Instructor, School of Fire 
at Fort Sill, U. S. A. Discharged as Major 
F. A. R. C. 

Knight, Robert R Va., 1914. Adjutant and Personnel Officer, 

112th Heavy Artillery, U. S. A. Later, Camp 
Commander, Receiving Station (7,000 re- 
cruits), Camp McClellan. 

Kraft, William R N. Y., 1912. Regimental Intelligence OfHcer, 

309th Infantry, 78th Div., A. E. F. 

Lackey, Jr., Samuel C Texas, 1916. Co. "B," 3rd Trench Mortar Bat- 
tery, 3d Div., A. E. F. 

Lafferty, Frederick R Calif., 1917. 5th Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Langstaff, James D Ky., 1907. 801st Pioneer Inf. Transferred to 

77th Div., 308th Inf. Commanded Co. "C," 
of the "Lost Battalion," A. E. F. 

La Rue, B. V. M: N. Y., 1896. 355th Inf., 89th Div., A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded in action in the Meuse-Ar- 
gonne. Later, died of pneumonia in the Ser- 
vice in France. 

Lawrason, George B La., 1873. Appointed Medical Reserve Corps, 

but died Feb. 3, 1918, before he could be as- 
signed. 

Lee, James C .Ala., 1914. Adjutant, 1st Battalion, 106th Eli- 

gineers, A. E. F. 

Letcher, Greenlee D Va., 1886. Battery "F,", -lllth F. A., 29th Div., 

A. E. F. Said to be the oldest Volunteer 
Line Officer in American Army. 

Lewis, S. Oliver Texas, 1915. Q. M. Corps, A. E. F. With Army 

of Occupation. 

Lewis, Wickliffe B La., 1915. Aide-de-Camp to Major Gen. H. J. 

Hatch, A. E. F. 

Lincoln, Atwell T Miss., 1897. Co. "B" (M. G.), 354th Inf., 89th 

Div., A. E. F. Killed in action in St. Mihiel 
Salient, Sept. 18, 1918. 

Lindner, John A Pa., 1916. C. A., U. S. A. 

Lindsey, Eugene L Va., 1909. Engineers, A. E. F. Commended 

for "Exceptionally Meritorious and Distin- 
guished Services." 

Lipper, Lawrence . Texas, 1910. Judge Advocate, U. S. A. 

Logan, Dulaney Ky., 1909. Battery "F," 60th C. A., A. E. F. 

Lohmeyer, Jr., William W. Va., 1916. Corps Engineers (Regular 

Army), A. E. P. Very severely wounded in 
action near Chateau Thierry, July, 1918, and 
not recovered as late as Oct., 1919. 

Loth, Moritz A. R Va., 1916. 49th Inf., U. S. A. 

Lowry, Jr., S. L Fla., 1914. ]24th Inf., 31st Div., A. E. F. 

Mackall, Porter A Ga., 1910. Air Service, U. S. A. 



U. S. Army: Captains (Continued) 



29 



Malone, Paul N. Y., 1908. Air Service, U. S. A., and A. E. F. 

Then 7 months in Balkan States with Ameri- 
can Relief Administration. 

Marshall, Jr., Joseph M Va., 1905. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Marshall, Richard J Va., 1915. 6th F. A., 1st Division, A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, 
Nov. 1, 1918, and in Hospital until March, 
1919. (Continues in the Service.) 

Marshall, Samuel Va., 1914. M. G. Co., 30th Inf. (Reg.), 3d 

Div., A. E. F. With Army of Occupation as 
late as June, 1920. 

Martin, Clarence A Va., 1917. 56th Infantry, 7th Div., A. E. F. 

Highly commended for conspicuous gallantry. 
(Continues in the Service.) 

Martin, Marlin C Ark., 1912. (Regular) Infantry, U. S. A. 

Maury, Lewis A Va., 1913. 44th Infantry (Reg.), U. S. A. 

Meem, John G Brazil, 1914. General Staff, War Plans Div, 

Education and Special Training Section, U. 
S. A. 

Merritt, , James A Md., 1905. U. S. A. (Retired.) On duty at 

Colorado University. 

Michaux, Edward R N. C, 1917. 60th (Reg.) Infantry, 5th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. With Army of Occupation. 
Wounded in action, Oct. 12, 1918, at Cunel, 
France. Citation from a General Officer for 
conspicuous bravery in action. Resigned 
from Service after his return to U. S. 

Millner, Jr., Samuel M Va., 1911. 314th F. A., A. E. F. Zone Major. 

Minton, John T Kansas, 1912. 8th Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Moore, A. Wylie S. C, 1898. Medical Corps, Air Service, U. S. A. 

Moore, Baxter S S. C, 1899. Medical Corps, A. E. F. In charge, 

Brain and Spinal Cord Surgery, at Evacua- 
tion Hospital No. 25. 

Moore, Charles E Va., 1913. 23rd (Reg.) Infantry, 2d Div., A. 

E. F. Severely wounded at Vaux, July 1, 
1918, in which action he led his company 
with great gallantry, though suffering from 
a serious wound. For this he was highly 
commended by the Commander-in-Chief in 
person, and recommended for promotion 
later. Still in Hospital, as late as April, 1920. 

Moore, Roy C S. C, 1916. 18th F. A., 3d Div., A. E. F. With 

Army of Occupation, as late as June, 1920, 
as Assistant to A. C. of S., G-1. 

Morison, Rufus A Va., 1905. Medical Corps, A. E. F. In charge. 

Convalescent Hospital of two thousand beds. 

Morris, William S Md., 1916. 36th (Reg.) Infantry, U. S. A. 

(Continues in Service.) 

Murrill, Jr., Hugh A N. C, 1913. Infantry Staff, A. E. F. 

McAdow, Lewis H Mont., 1903. Transferred from Captain of In- 
fantry, U. S. A., to Captain in charge of Avia- 
tion General Supply Depot, Americus, Ga. 

McGill, E. Leavenworth Va., 1897. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

McKee, John L Va., 1915. 7th Int., 3d Division, A, E. F. In- 
jured when horse was killed in battle, and 
invalided home. Overseas from February 
to October, 1918. In four major engagements. 

McMillin, Douglass N Tenn., 1910. U. S. A. Commanding Co. "B," 

114th M. G. Battn., 30th Div., A. E. F., in all 
actions in which his Division was engaged. 



30 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

McMillin, Edwyn W Tenn., 1913. Commanding Co. "D," 114th M. 

G. Battalion, 30th Div., A. E. F. 

Nash, Jr., Edgar Va., 1914. C. A., A. E. F. 

Nichols, E. Hunter Va., 1914. Commissioned, April, 1917, and 

served until discharged for physical dis- 
ability, Oct. 11, 1918. Served then as Capt. 
and Asst. Prof. V. M. I., till Jan'y,, 1920. 

Nichols, Jr., James A Va., 1910. Acting C. O., 2nd Battalion, 345th 

F. A., A. E. F. Three times wounded, and 
gassed once. Recommended for D. S. C. 
Nottingham, Jr., Lucius S....Va., 1906. Headquarters Company, 320th In- 
fantry, 80th Division, A. E. P. 

Oakes, Lawrence L Okla., 1917. Motor Transport Corps, A. E. F. 

Orme, James B. L D. C, 1904. Ordnance Corps, U. S. A. 

Otey, Kirkwood Va., 1906. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Outten, Edgar C Va., 1912. 1st Lt. 17th F. A., 2d Div., A. E. F., 

and, later, Capt. 36th F. A., U. S. A. 

Owsley. Clark Texas, 1916. 142nd Infantry, Regimental Gas 

Director, 36th Div., A. E. F. Commended 
for valour. * 

Page, Edwin R W. Va., 1904. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Palmer, C. Bryan Fla., 1916. C. A., U. S. A. 

Parker, Jr., John P.... La., 1902. Cavalry Staff Officer, U. S. A, 

Parrish, Robert E Md., 1910. 5th Inf., 164th Depot Brigade, 

U. S. A. 

Parsons, Xenophon -Va., 1915. 361st Inf., 91st Div., A. E. F. 

Pattison, Theodore S Md., 1910. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Paul, Charles G Va., 1907. F. A., U. S. A. 

Paul, John Va., 1903. Battery Commander, Adjutant, 1st 

Battalion, 313th P. A., 80th Div., and Regi- 
mental Adjutant for a while, A. E. F. 

Paul, John G Va., 1916. 6th Trench Mortar Battery, 6th 

Brigade, F. A., 6th Division, A. E. F. 

Pendleton, Arvid M N. Y., 1909. C. A., U. S. A. 

Pennybackor, Percy V Texas, 1915. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Phelan, Julian E Tenn., 1901. 1st Battn., 19th F. A., Replacement 

Depot, Camp Jackson, U. S. A. 

Poague, William T Va., 1909. F, A., A. E. F. 

Polk, George W Texas, 1909. 61st F. A. Brigade, 36th Div., 

A. E. F. 
Porter, Ernest C Va., 1917. 102nd F. A., 26th Div., A. E. F. Re- 
turned to United States as Instructor. 

Porter, Howard D Va., 1906. Motor Transport Corps, U. S. A. 

Ranson, Henry H Va., 1914. Inf., U. S. A. 

Rathbone, Wofford R Texas, 1913. C. A., U. S. A. 

Rawls, Jr., William A Fla., 1913. 30th Infantry, 3d Div., A. E. F. 

Reardon, Jr., Henry B Va., 1912. Ordnance Corps, A. E. F. 

Renshaw, Alfred H Md., 1881. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Rhett, Wythe M Miss., 1909. Medical Corps, A. E. F. 

Richards, James N. C Va., 1914. Company "F," 26th (Reg.) Inf., 

1st Div., A. E. F. Killed in action near 
Soissons, France, July 19, 1919. D. S. C. 
(posthumously) awarded him. 

Riddick, Jr., Alfred T Va., 1908. 312th F. A., 79th Div., U. S. A. 

Roberts, William A D. C, 1896. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Robertson, James F N. C, 1908. Medical Corps, A. E. F. 

Robertson, William J Va., 1908. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Rogers, Clarke Ind., 1897. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 



U. S. Army: Captains (Continued) 31 

Rogers, Lynn Va., 1897. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Roper, LeRoy Va., 1914. C. A., U. S. A. 

Royall, William L Ind., 1897. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Ruffner David L Va., 1917. 103rd F. A., 26th Div., A. E. F. 

Satterfield, Jr., Calvin .Va., 1913. 111th F. A., 29th Div., U. S. A. 

When Regiment went overseas was ill with 
typhoid fever. Given duty in U. S. until 
War ended. On detail at V. M. I., 1918. 

Saunders, I. H Va., 1884. Commissioned Captain, Aviation 

Section, Signal Officers Reserve Corps, Oct. 
1, 1917. Assigned to duty as President, Avia- 
tion Examining Board at various Flying 
Fields until Dec. 31, 1918, when made Off. 
in charge of Authorities of Military Aero- 
nautics (Air Service). Discharged, Mch. 31, 

1919. Appointed Division Personnel Chief, 
Bureau of War Risk Insurance, A. & A. Divi- 
sion, April 1, 1919. Served until Jan'y 2, 

1920, when appointed Training Officer, Fed- 
eral Board for Vocational Education, and 
serving as late as June, 1920. 

Scott, Kirkwood D Va., 1914. Aide-de-Camp to Brig. Gen. E. E. 

Hatch. Later, Commander, 154th Depot Bri- 
gade Inf., U. S. A. 

Semmes, Thomas M Va., 1904. Q. M. Corps, Financial Division, 

U. S. A. 

Shaner, Henry L Va., 1899. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Slingluff, Fielder C Md., 1895. Engineers, U. S. A. (Unattached.) 

Smiley, William V Va., 1902. Co. "A," 46th Engineers, A. E. F. 

and in charge of costly construction work 
in France. 

Smith, Frank M Tenn., 1907. 61st Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. 

(Formerly Calvin M F. Received two Citations from General Of- 

Smith) fleers for conspicuous bravery in action. 

Wounded near Cunel, Oct. 14, 1918. 

Smith, Jr., Horace L Va., 1915. 1st U. S. Engineers, A. E. F. Com- 
mended many times for most distinguished 
bravery. Awarded D. S. C. 

Smith, Julian P Ala., 1911. 106th Supply Train, 31st Div., 

A. E. F. 

Snidow, Robert C Va., 1910. C. A., 3rd Army, A. E. F. (On duty 

in Poland as late as January, 1920.) 

Sprigg, Rodney S Calif., 1915. 62nd Infantry, A. E. F. (Russia.) 

Stafford, Frederick D Texas, 1906. 105th Engineers, A. E. F. 

Stuart, Jr., Harry C Va., 1915. 322nd Inf., 81st Div., A. E. F. 

Stude, Alphonse J Texas, 1907. 14th (Railway) Engineers, A. 

E. F. 

Taliaferro, Jr., John C Md., 1910. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Tate, William P Va., 1907. 306th Engineers, 81st Div., A. E. F. 

Taylor, James N. J., 1918. 301st Heavy Tank Corps, A. E. F. 

and, later, with Motor Transport Corps, A. 
E. F. (after Armistice). Wounded in action, 
Oct. 23, 1918, at Montrebain. 

Thomas, Charles B Md., 1916. P. A., U. S. A. 

Thompson, John V Va., 1910. Battery "D," 35th C. A., U. S. A. 

Throckmorton, Robert J Va., 1912. Commanding H. Q. Troop, 80th Div., 

A. E. F. 



32 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Tlnsley, George C Va., 1917. C. A., A. E. F. Observer in London, 

Eng. (Continues in the Service.) 

Todd, Charles L Va., 1901. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Tomlinson, John B Ala., 1917. 18th (Reg.) Inf., 1st Div., A. E. F. 

Died in France, Oct. 14, 1918, from effects 
of being twice gassed, May 1st and again in 
October, 1918. 

Trinkle, Lacy L Va., 1911. 308th Engineers, 83d Div., A. E. F. 

With Army of Occupation. 

Trinkle, Robert J Va., 1914. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Tucker, Beverley H Calif., 1902. M. G. Company, 137th Inf., 35th 

Div., A. E. F. With Army of Occupation. 

Tyree, Harold B W. Va., 1915. 338th Inf., 85th Div., and, later, 

Co. "H," 59th Inf., 4th Div., A. E. F. 

Uhler, Alfred L Va., 1905. U. S. A. 

Waddey, David M Va., 1913. 44th C. A., A. E. F. 

Walton, Joseph S Va., 1912. Regimental Adjt., 811th Pioneer In- 
fantry, 80th Div., A. E. F. 

Watson, Howard E Va., 1915. U. S. A. 

Wells, Edward L S. C, 1907. 2nd M. G. Battalion, 1st Div., 

A. E. F. Killed near Exermont, France, Oct. 

4, 1918. Twice promoted for conspicuous 
gallantry. Specially commended by his 
Brigade and Division Commanders for ex- 
traordinary bravery, the latter in a letter to 
the Mayor of Charleston, in which he said 
the City should erect a monument to him. 
Twice awarded, posthumously, D. S. C, and 
also Croix de Guerre. 

West, Oscar H Va., 1915. 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, Va., 

U. S. A. 

White, Benjamin H ..,.Va., 1917. In A. E. F. four months and then 

returned to U. S., as Instructor, 90th In- 
fantry, 20th Division. Promoted to Captain. 
Commission to date from July 30, 1918. 

White, George W Va., 1917. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Whittle, William M Va., 1917, 314th M. G. Battalion, 80th Div., A. 

E. F. 

Willcox, Jr., Thomas H Va., 1909. Co. "D," 811th Pioneer Infantry, 

A. E. F. 

Willis, William T Va., 1905. Chaplain, 150th Inf., 38th Div., A 

E. F. 

Wilmot, Frederick A Mo., 1910. Q. M. Corps, 83rd Div., A. E. F. 

Wilson, Rogers M Ga., 1911. Co. "L," 18th Inf., 1st Division, A 

E. F. Severely wounded in action at Sois- 
sons, while commanding his battalion, July 
21, 1918. Many months in Hospital in France 
and United States. Awarded the D. S. C. and 
Croix de Guerre. 

Wilson, William V Mo., 1907. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Wiltshire, George D Md., 1915. 1st Cavalry, A. E. F. 

Wise, Jr., James B Va., 1915. 59th Inf., 4th Div., A. E. F. 

Withers, A. Putney Va., 1907. Infantry, A. E. F. 

(Formerly Stephen Put- 
ney, Jr.) 

Wood, F. Travers Va., 1904. Engineer with the Construction 

Division, U. S. A., in charge of extensive and 
costly construction in different parts of U. 

5. Promoted to Major in Q. M. Corps, but 
declined commission and asked for dis- 
charge, after War. 



U. S. Aemt: Captains (Continued) — First Lieutenants 33 

Wright, Jesse B Va., 1902. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Wysor, John D Va., 1915. Inf. 154th Depot Brigade, U. S. A. 

Wysor, Jr., Robert E Va., 1915. 6th Inf., 5th Division, A. E. F. 

(Continues in Service.) 
Zimmer, Jr., William L Va., 1899. Q. M. Dept., U. S. A. Stationed in 

Washington. 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 



Aiken, Archibald M Va., 1909. 60th C. A., A. E. F. 

Alexander, Gail H Va., 1899. 47th Inf., 4th Div., A. E. F. Killed 

in action near the Vesle River, at Bazoches, 
France, Aug. 7, 1918. 

Allison, James A Va., 1915. F. A., U. S. A. 

Alvey, R. W Texas, 1900. U. S. A. 

Amerine, Warren M Ala., 1912. Intelligence Officer, 56th Inf., 7th 

Div., A. E. F. 

Amory, George S Del., 1914. 303rd Inf., 76th Div., 'A. E. F. 

Amory, Thomas D Del., 1916. 26th Inf. (Reg.), 1st Div., A. B. 

F. Killed in action leading assaulting pla- 
toon ahead of his regiment, near Verdun, 
Oct. 2, 1918. Awarded the D. S. C, posthum- 
ously, and recommended for the "Medal of 
Honour." 

Anderson, Jr., George K Va., 1916. H. Q. Troop, 15th Div., Infantry, 

Camp Logan, IJ. S. A. 

Anderson, John Kyle Va., 1913. 21st F. A., 5th Div., A. E. F. 

Angle, James M Pa., 1906. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Ayres, Blackstone D Va., 1916. 47th C. A., A. E. F. 

Bagby, Ph. D., English Md., Adjunct Prof., V. M. I. Sanitary Corps, 

Air Service, U. S. A. Later, Comdg. Med. Re- 
search Lab., Kelly Field. Still later, Adjt., 
Med. Research Lab., at Hazelhurst Field. 

Barrett, William S Va., 1917. Aide-de-Camp, U. S. A. With 31st 

Inf., in Siberia after Armistice. 

Batten, Raymond M ...Va., 1915. Air Service, A. E. F. 

Baugham, William E N. C, 1915. 115th F. A., 30th Div., A. E. F. 

Black, William L Tenn., 1899. Infantry, A. E. F. After Armis- 
tice on duty with Peace Commission. 

Black, Jr., William M D. C, 1920. F. A., A. E. F. 

Blackford, George Tayloe . . . Va., 1901. Engineers, A. E. F. Recommended 

for grades of Captain and Major. Com- 
manded detachment of 3,500 men, including 
900 prisoners. 

Blundon, Montague * . . . Md., 1902. 74th Engineers, 30th Brigade, R. 

A. R., A. E. F. Specialized in "Burst Rang- 
ing and Flash Ranging" and prepared a 
Manual on same. 

Bond, Edward J Md., 1908. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Borden, Jr., Frank K N. C, 1909. 113th F. A., 30th Div., detached to 

Air Service, 135th Squadron, as Aerial Ob- 
server, A. E. F. 

Borde, Harry J Calif., 1913. Cavalry, U. S. A. Promoted 

Captain, Nov. 13, 1918, but commission re- 
voked on account of Armistice. 

Bowles, Jr., William B Va., 1913. 19th F. A., 5th Div., A. E. F. 

Boykln, Richard S Va., 1915. 31st Inf., A. E. F. (Siberia as late 

as Feb., 1920.) 



34 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Boykln, Robert S N. C, 1912. Intelligence Officer, 52nd (Reg.) 

Infantry, Gth Div., A. E. P. 

Brabson, Samuel M Texas, 1914. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Brooks, George R W, Va., 1915. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Brown, Ernest C Tenn., 1917. Battalion Adjt., 117th Inf., 30th 

Div., A. E. F. Severely wounded in action. 

Brown, Jr., Foster V Tenn., 1912. 28th Inf., 1st Div., A. E, F. 

Wounded severely in action. Croix de Guerre 
with Palm for exceptional bravery in going 
into "No Man's Land," while wounded, and 
rescuing his Captain. 

Brown, John S Texas, 1908. Field Re-Mount Squadron 354, 

U. S. A., Camp Johnston. 

Brown, Mills Texas, 1911. F. A., U. S. A. 

Buracker, Samuel L Va., 1916. 318th Inf., 80th Div., A. E. F. 

Burdeau, Jr., George T., Mo., 1£11. 15th Cavalry, A. E. F. 

Burress. Jack W Va., 1918. 371st Infantry, A. E. F. Wounded 

four times, Sept. 30, 1918, in the Champagne 
Sector, the last time seriously, and in Hos- 
pital several months, and then invalided 
home. 

Burton, Jr., Reuben Va., 1912. 317th Infantry, 81st Div., A. E. F. 

Caldwell, Francis Y Va., 1918. 317th Inf., 81st Div., A. E. F. Re- 
turned to U. S. and assigned to 90th Inf., 
20th Div., Sept., 1918. 

Cammer, Claude R Va., 1915. M. G. Battalion, 1st Div., A. E. F. 

Gassed, May 28, 1918, at Cantigny, and se- 
verely wounded in action, west of Soissons, 
and not released from Walter Reed Hospital 
until Jan. 13, 1919. Permanently disabled. 
Highly commended for gallantry at Can- 
tigny where he commanded his M. G. Com- 
pany. 

Camp, Vaughan Va., 1911. (A. E. F.) Battalion Adjt. at Camp 

Lee, 80th Div., U. S. A., then Zone Major, 
Advance Station, S. O. S., A. E. F. 

Campbell, A. Horace Canada, 1918. Co. "L,". 317th Inf., 80th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. Severely wounded in action. 

Campbell, Jr., Hugh A Va., 1917. 60th C. A., A. E. F. 

Campbell, William S Va., 1914. 810th Pioneer Inf., U. S. A. 

Cann, Samuel A Ga., 1913. 307th Ammunition Train, A. E. F. 

Cann, William G Ga., 1909. 151st M. G. Battalion, 42nd Div., 

A. E. F. Wounded in action, July, 1918, St. 
Mihiel. 

Carpenter, John I Ky., 1911. 334th M. G. Battalion, 87th Div., 

A. E. F. 

Carr, Harrison F Va., 1906. 5th Engineers. Service at Camp 

Humphreys, U. S. A. 

Carter, Charles S Va., 1908. 316th Infantry, 82d Div., A. E. F. 

Carter, Franklin W Va., 1912. 165th Inf., 42d Div.. A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded in action. Awarded D. S. C. 

Childs, J. Rives Va., 1912. Intelligence duty with Commanding 

General, A. E. F. After Armistice with 
Peace Commission. At various times as- 
signed to duty with British and French 
Armies. 

Chittum, Harold T Va., 1916. 111th F. A., 29th Div., A. E. F. 

Christian, John H Va., 1914. 323rd F. A., 83rd Div. Detached to 

Air Service, U. S. A., as Aerial Observer. 
Was hurt in a fall with his plane. 



U. S. Army: First Lieutenants (Continued) 35 

Clopton, Edward J Va., 1914. 312th F. A., 79th Div., A. E. F. 

Coburn, Hugh S .Miss, 1913. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Colbern, Jr.. Wm. H Mo., 1916. 15th Inf., A. E. F., at Tien-Sin, 

China. 

Corey, Lawrence Ind., 1917. 336th Inf., 84th Div., A. E. F. 

Cox, Daniel E Va , 1916. U. S. A. 

Craig, M. L. Weems Texas, 1915. U. S. A. 

Crockett, Jr., George S Va., 1919. Air Service, U. S. A. (Discharged 

from Service as Captain, A. S., R. C.) 

Crockett, Gilman K Va., 1912. 9th M. G. Battalion, 3rd Div., A. E. 

F. Wounded twice slightly, same day, in 

action near Chateau Thierry, July 15, 1918. 

Wounded again severely, Oct. 9, 1918, in the 

Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 
Crowder, Robert T Va., 1908. Intelligence and Liaison Officer, 

314th M. G. Battalion, 80th Div., A. E. F. 

For one year after Armistice served as 

"Town Major" in France. 

Crowdus, John W Texas, 1904. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Crump, Jr., Malcolm H Ky., 1914. Adjutant, 138th M. G. Battalion, 

38th Div., A. E. F. 

Dawes, Byron F Ohio, 1914. U. S. A. 

De Leon, J. Waldo Fla., 1906. In Fla. N. G. as lieutenant from 

1914 to 1917. Then a few months with 9th 

Inf., U. S. A., until discharged for physical 

disability. 

De Shazo, Martin Va., 1908. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Dillard, J. A. B Va., 1916. Comdg. Co. "C," 388th Inf., 97th 

Div., U. S. A. Camp Cody. 
Douglas, Howard M Ala., 1913. M. G. Battalion, 118th Inf., 30th 

Div., A. E. F. 

Downes, Joseph W Md., 1913. 58th C. A., U. S. A. 

Driscoll, Marvin G Va., 1917. Appointed 1st Lieutenant soon after 

graduating, but later discharged because of 

a stiff ankle. 
Dykeman, Conrad F N. Y., 1906. 116th Engineers, 41st Div., A E. 

F. 
Easley, Cary B Va., 1914. C. A., U. S. A. (Hawaii). Died 

Jan. 22, 1920, after discharge. 

Eberle, Eugene G iVrk., 1916. 142nd F. A., 39th Div., A. E. F. 

Echols, Frank Va., 1915. 60th C. A., A. E. F. 

Effinger, Williams L Md., 1907. Co. "C," 143rd Inf., 36th Div A. 

E. F. 

Elden, John A Ohio, 1911. Chemical Warfare Service, U. S. A. 

Elebash, Clarence C Ala., 1908. Medical Corps, A. E. F. In service 

at Prince of Wales Hospital, London. 
Erck, Carl B N. Y., 1912. In charge of Gunnery, 86th Aero 

Squadron, U. S. A., Ellington Field, Texas. 

Etheridge, Fletcher H Va., 1917. 35th Inf., U. S. A. 

Ewell, Jr., James H Texas, 1909. C. A., A. E. F. In command of 

first Anti-Aircraft Battery. Returned to 

U. S. as Instructor at Fort Monroe. In a 

few months returned with a detachment of 

trained troops, but died of pneumonia on 

board of ship as he approached the shores 

of England, Oct. 18, 1918. 
Farrell, Doddridge Mo., 1912. 312th M. G. Battalion, 79th Div 

A. E. F. 
Fechheimer, John H N. Y., 1916. Intelligence Officer, 165th Inf., 

42nd Div., A. E. F. Cited for gallantry. 

Wounded slightly, Sept. 28, 1918. 



36 ViEGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Fetterolf, Carlos M N. Y., 1917. 108th Inf., 27th Div., A. E. F. 

Fishburne, Richard Va., 1916. 314th F. A., 80th Div., A. E. F. Or- 
dered to U. S. Aug., 1918, and assigned to 
35th F. A., 

Fitzgerald, John H Ky., 1913. F. A., U. S. A. 

Fraser, Alexander H. . Texas, 1908. Air Service, Kelly Field, U. S. A. 

Died in the Service of pneumonia, Oct. 28, 
1918. 

Prazer, Edward J Texas, 1913. 344th F. A., 90th Div. Detailed 

to Air Service as Aerial Observer in First 
Provisional Wing, U. S. A. 

Fry, Henry P Tenn., 1901. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Gallagher, John C Va., 1917. 1st Pioneer Infantry, A. E. F. 

Gannaway, Walter C Va., 1912. 116th Inf., 29th Div., A. E. F. 

Garland, Herbert G Va., 1902. 55th Pioneer Inf., and 61st Inf., 5th 

Division, A. E. F. 

Gatling Peter F. P Va., 1918. Staff Offlcer, M. G. Training Centre, 

U. S. A. 

Geiger, Henry J Va., 1902. Chaplain, 51st (Reg.) Inf., 6th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. (Continues in the Service.) 

Gould, Jr., William T N. Y., 1918. Air Service, A. E. F. "First 

Honour" at Ground School at Princeton Uni- 
versity. Wearer of "Black Bird" and 2 gold 
"Vs." 

Grant, Charles S Va. (Special Student, 1917-18) . Infantry, U. 

S. A. 
Graves, Sanford P Tenn., 1914. Company "C," 306th Engineers, 

81st Div., A. E. F. 

Groover, Carl Ga., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Grove, Arthur A Va., 1912. M. G. Company, 116th Inf., 29th 

Div., A. E. F. 

Guthrie, Milton M Tenn., 1912. F. A., A. E. F. Slightly wounded 

in action in Picardy, Spring of 1918. 

Hagan, John M Va., 1911. Ordnance Corps, U. S. A. 

Hager, Richard B Ky., 1909. 115th F. A... 30th Div. Later, 89th, 

37th, 32nd, 79th and 33d Divisions, A. E. F. 
Haley, Jr., William A Va., 1918. Infantry, 89th Div., A. E. F. 

Wounded in action. 

Hamlin, Jr., James T Va., 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

Hathaway, E. T Okla., 1915. Air Service. Flight Commander, 

90th Aero Squadron, A. E. F. Killed when 

his plane fell, June 25, 1918. 

Hill, Thomas L Kansas, 1906. 13th F. A., 4th Div., A. E. F. 

Hirst, J. Terry..... Va., 1908. Gas Defense, Chemical Warfare 

Service. Headquarters, 32nd Div., A. E. F. 

With Army of Occupation. 

Hock, Conrad Va., 1918. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Hock, Frederick S Va., 1915. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Horgan, Charles J Va., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Hudgins, Robert S Va., 1905. Motor Transport Corps, U. S. A. 

Hull, Richard M Ga., 1917. 4th Inf., 3d Div., A. E. F. Severely 

wounded in action. 

Hunter, Chapman K Va., 1918. 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, 

U. S. A. "^ 

Hunter, Charles E Va., 1908. 48th Inf., U. S. A. 

Hurt, Shirley R Va., 1914. Acting Adjutant, 79th Inf., U. S. A., 

at Camp Logan. 



U. S. Army: First Lieutenants (Continued) 37 

Hutter, James L Va., 1912. Adjutant, 1st Provisional Develop- 
ment Regiment, 156tli Depot Brigade, Camp 
Sevier, U. S. A. 

Jackson, William C Va., 1911. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Jarman, Emerson W Va., 1914. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Johnson, William R W. Va., 1907. Headquarters, 32d Division, A. 

E. F. (Previously 323d P. A.) 

Johnson, Wilton R Va., 1914. Temporary Commission in British 

Army and carried a battalion of Chinese 
labourers from China to France. Then re- 
turned to U. S. and commissioned in F. A. 
1st Lieutenant, 316th F. A., Instructor. Later, 
transferred to Hdq. Co., F. A., R. D. Motor 
School, Camp Taylor, in command. 

Jones, Bernard M Va., 1909. 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, 

U. S. A. Later, sailed in command of Com- 
pany of Replacements, but recalled, Nov. 16, 
1918, after Armistice. 

Jones, Catesby Ap C Va., 1913. 3rd Cavalry, A. E. F. Severely in- 
jured by his horse kicking him in the head. 
Many months in Hospital and invalided 
home, but finally recovered and returned to 
duty. Made Chevalier, Order of the Crown, 
by the King of Belgium. 

Jones, Charles H N. Y., 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

Jones, Jr., Thomas G Ala., 1908. M. G. Co., 326th Inf., 82d Division, 

and, later, 157th Depot Brigade, Camp Gor- 
don, U. S. A. (He did not go overseas be- 
cause of an attack of pneumonia.) 

Jones, William B Va., 1916. 2nd Trench Mortar Battalion, A, 

E. F. 

Jones, William Carleton Va., 1910. 111th F. A., 29th Division A. E. F. 

Jones, William G Va., 1919. F. A., Replacement Depot, Camp 

Jackson, U. S. A. 

Kane, Jr., Henry S Va., 1910. Ordnance Corps, U. S. A. In Service 

at War Dept. 

Keith, Lucien Va., 1912. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Kimberly, Clarke O Va., 1915. 12th F. A., 2d Division, A. E. F. 

Croix de Guerre. 

Knight, Robert W Ga., 1913. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Knox, Jr., Robert W Texas, 1916. C. A., A. E. F. 

Lawson, Joseph S Va., 1917. 47th Inf., 4th Div., A. E. F.. 

Lee, Henry Fitzhugh Va., 1911. 60th C. A., A. E. F. 

Leftwich, Lewis C Texas, 1904. U. S. A. 

Leggett, William B N. J., 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

Lewis, Jr., William B N. C. 1916. F. A., U. S. A. 

Lively, Lewis M Fla., 1898. Q. M. Dept. (Ordnance Corps), 

U. S. A. 

Lloyd, Jr., Edward D. C, 1912. U. S. A. 

Lunt, Samuel M Va., 1915. Air Service. Observer of Day 

Bombing with 96th Aero Squadron, A. E. F. 

Lutz, Robert S 111., 1915. 107th Engineers, 32d Division. A 

E. F. 

Macdonald, Charles G N. Y. 1908. Tank Corps, U. S. A. 

Maclean, George M Ga., 1910. Tank Corps, A. E. F. Severely 

wounded in action. 

Madden, Louis J Texas, 1915. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Malone, Jr., John F N. Y., 1908. 86th Aero Squadron, A. E. F. 



38 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Mansfield, Jr., Charles F 111., 1913. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Marshall, Adam J W. Va., 1919. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Mason, Robert Bruce N. C, 1915. M. G. Battalion, 2d Brigade, 2d 

Division, A. B. F. 

Massie, Hope W Va., 1918. 119th Inf., 30th Div., A. E. F. Killed 

on patrol duty in "No Man's Land," August 
6, 1918, 

Maxwell, Edward G Va., 1915. Signal Officer, 317th Inf., 80th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. ; highly commended for initia- 
tive and courage in battle by his regimental 
commander, Col. Kellar. 

Melton, Waverly F Va., 1919. A. S., A. E. F. Hurt flying in 

France. 

Merriam, Jr., Lewis D. C, 1913. C. A., U. S. A. 

Merry, Howard R Md^, 1915. 13th Battalion>, Replacement Troops, 

Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Miller, Charles G Va., 1912. 301st Field Signal Battery, 76th 

Div., A. E. F. 

Miller, James A Va., 1914. 47th (Reg.) Inf., 4th Division, A. 

E. F. Wounded in action in two places, July, 
1918, and again Sept., 1918. 

Miller, Jr., John Craig W, Va., 1916. Engineers, then F. A., A. E. F. 

Severely wounded, June, 1918, near Lucy-le- 
Booage. D. S. C. and Croix de Guerre. 

Miller, Rush F Va., 1914. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Minnigerode, John H Md., 1915. C. A., U. S. A. 

Minnlgerode, Karl Va., 1908. 129t;h M. G. Battalion, 35th Div., 

A. E. F. 

Minton, Charles A N. Y., 1909. Acting Captain, Co. "C," 305th 

Inf., 77th Div., A. E. P. Died in the Service, 
Oct. 12, 1918, in France. 

Mitkiewics, Eugene de. D. C, 1896. Staff, U. S. A. 

Moore, Lawrence K Ohio, 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Moore, Lewis Franklin Ala., 1911. 73rd Heavy Artillery, U. S. A. 

Morrison, Henry Terry Va., 1920. 50th C. A., A. E. F. 

Moseley, Thomas S Va., 1912. Battery "C," 111th F. A., 29th Div., 

A. E. F. 

Munday, Benton F Mo., 1915. 7th Cavalry, A. E. F. With Army 

of Occupation as late as April, 1920. 

McClintock, Alexander Ky., 1913. Infantry, U. S. A. Previously, for 

two years, a sergeant in the British Expedi- 
tionary Force, and several times severely 
wounded and gassed. Awarded the D. S. 0. 
by King George, personally, who visited him 
at the Hospital in London. Author of an 
interesting book on Trench Warfare as prac- 
tised in this War. Died in New York, June 
28, 1918, from the effects of his wounds and 
hardships in Prance where he had served 
over three years. 

MpCormick. Edward L Va., 1915. 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, 

U. S. A. 
McCoy, William S Mo., 1909. 355th Inf., 89th Div., A. E. P. Se- 
verely wounded in action at St. Mihiel, Sept. 
13, 1918. 

McCurdy John F Mo., 1908. Chemical Warfare Service, A. E. P. 

McEntee,' Jansen A N. Y., 1912. 312th P. A., 79th Div., U. S. A. 

McFerren, William HI-. 1907. Air Service, Balloon Div., Aerial 

Observer, A. E. P. 

McGee Ralph W Miss., 1913. 312th Ammunition Train, 87th 

Div., A. E. P. 



IT. S. Army: First Lieutenants (Continued) 39 

McGill, William Mahone Va., 1919. Asst. Camp Personnel Adjutant, 

Camp Lee, U, S. A. 

McHugh, Jr., Chas. A Va., 1918. 35th C. A., U. S. A. 

McKinney, Samuel A Va., 1914. Adjutant, 1st Battalion, 116th Inf.. 

29th Div., A. E. F. 

McMenamin, James Va., 1913. 111th F. A., 29th Div., A. E. F. 

McNeil, William A Va., 1898. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Nash, Lloyd N Texas, 1912. Air Service, flying in Italy. With 

the British in France, and with the Ameri- 
cans at Issoudun; then Instructor at Is- 
soudun. 
Nelson, Jr., John C Va., 1918. 119th Inf., 30th Div., A. E. F. Cap- 
tured by the Enemy and not released until 
Armistice was signed. 

Noell, William W Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Nowlin, Jr., J. Christian Va., 1913. Co. "L," 30th Inf., 3d Division, 

A. E. F. Severely wounded in action. 

Nowlin, Robert A Va., 1910. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Owen, William O Va., 1915. 61st Inf., 5th Division, M. G. Batta- 
lion, A. E. F. 

Owens, W. Irvine Va., 1919. 15th M. G. Battalion, 9th Brigade, 

5th Division, A. E. F. Served in all the 
Engagements participated in by his Divi- 
sion after July, 1918. 
Parker, John C Va., 1914, Pilot, Air Service, A. E. F. Seri- 
ously injured when his plane fell. 

Parkerson, Emmet La., 1916. 114th Trench Mortar Battalion, 

39th Div., A. E. F. 

Parsons, William P Va., 1915. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Pender, Jr., John R N. C, 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

Penn, William J N. C, 1909. Motor Transport, A. E. F. 

Perkinson, Thomas R Va., 1918. 60th Brigade, 30tfi Div., A. E. F. 

A. D. C. to Brig. Genl. Faison. 

Petty, William W W. Va., 1906. Dental Corps, U. S. A. 

Phister, Lawrence H Ky., 1906. Infantry. Later, transferred to In- 
telligence Division, U. S. A. 

Pierce, Reid M Va., 1908. Infantry, A. E. F. Slightly wounded 

in action. 

Pigue, James A Tenn., 1905. 117th Inf., 30th Div., A. E. F. 

Killed in action on the Marne, July 18, 1918. 
Rec'd. in U. S. M. C, previous to War, 3 Ser- 
vice Medals. 

Polack, Rodney W Pa., 1908. 60th Inf., 5th Div., A. E. F. Killed 

in action, Oct. 14, 1918, in attack on Cunel, 
about 20 miles from , Verdun, by sniper's 
bullet, while leading his company. He had 
gallantly fought at the head of his men at 
St. Mihiel and the Argonne. 

Potts, Jr., Paul M La., 1917. Air Service, Bomber, A. E. F. 

Prentiss, W. Pearce Md., 1914. Supply Officer, 7th Battalion, 155th 

D. B. Commander, Co. "A," 2nd Devel. Bat- 
talion, Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Purman, Daniel Pa., 1904. Engineers (Q. M. Corps), A. E. F. 

Quin, Jr., Oliver B Miss., 1909. Co. "A," 140th M. G. Battalion, 

A. E. F. 

Handle, Cole T Texas, 1903. F. A., U. S. A. 

Rankin, George I. N. Y., 1910. A. E. F. Highly commended for 

gallantry in battle of Marne. Instructor In 
U. S. a short while before Armistice was 
signed. 



40 Virginia Military Institute— World War Eecord 

Reed, ¥/ashington Va., 1912. 60th Inf., 5th Division., A, E. P. 

Severely wounded in action near Pont-a- 
Mousson, Sept. 25, 1918. Awarded D. S. C, 
French Croix de Guerre and Legion of 
Honour Cross. 

Rice, Henry J Tenn., 1914. C. A., U. S. A. 

Richards, Walter A Va., 1913. Co. "G," 326th Inf., 82nd Div., A. 

E. F. Cited by his Regimental Commander 
for great gallantry, and promotion recom- 
mended. Severely wounded in action in the 
Argonne Forest advance, Oct. 11, 1918; six- 
teen operations already performed; still suf- 
fering from wounds, though resumed his 
profession. D. S. C. awarded him. 

Ripley, Daniel H Texas, 1918. 35th Infantry, U. S. A. " 

Riser, G. Seaman Ala., 1914. U. S. A. 

Robinson, Warren S Va., 1911. C. A., U. S. A. 

Rodman, John W Ky., 1912. 149th Inf., 38th Div., 102nd Inf., 

26th Div., and 118th Inf., 30th Div., A. E. F. 
With Army of Occupation. 

Rohrbough, Wendell W W. Va., 1914. U. S. A. 

Sanford, William V Tenn., 1914. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Schillig, Stephen Miss., 1913. C. A. Anti-Aircraft Artillery 

Section, A. E. F. Battery "A," 1st Battalion; 
later, Battery "C," 2d Battalion. July, 1918, 
assigned as Instructor, F. A. Schiool at Sau- 
mur, France. 

Schwalb, Allyn H W. Va., 1917. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Searles, Hugh W Miss, 1909. Q. M. Corps, 154th Art. Brigade, 

79th Div., U. S. A. (Applied for transfer 
to Line.) 

Shotwell, Randolph K Va., 1912. F. A., U. S. A. 

Sitwell, H. C. F Va., 1919. 1st Pioneer Infantry, A. E. F. 

Sive, Abram S W. Va., 1911. Q. M. Corps at various Camps 

U. S. A. 

Sllngluff, Philip D Md., 1902. Air Service, A. E. F. 

Smith, A. McC Ala., 1912. 167th Inf., 42nd (Rainbow) Div., 

A. E. F. 

Smith, Breedlove Texas, 1912. F. A., U. S. A. 

Smith, Myron A Texas, 1912. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Smith, Jr., Roy B Va., 1912. 53rd Pioneer Inf., A. E. F. With 

Army of Occupation. 

Sneed, John L Va., 1898. Air Service, A. E. F. (Construction 

Dept.) 

Spicer, Rolf Mass., 1917. 4th Inf., Replacement Regiment. 

Later, 157th Depot Brigade, and from there 
to Camp Exchange Headquarters, U. S. A. 

Stacy, John L Miss., 1914. 68th Inf., U. S. A. 

Stark, John V Mo., 1910. Adjutant, 3rd Battalion 140th Inf., 

35th Div., A. E. F. Wounded twice, Sept. 
26th and 29th, 1918, at battle of the Marne,— 
lost one finger of right hand. 

Steele, Matthew W.... Miss., 1917. 48th Inf., U. S. A. 

Taylor, George De B Va., 1913. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Thomas, Newell E Texas, 1910. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Thompson, G. Otho Texas, 1918. 142nd Inf., 36th Division, A. E. F. 

Croix de Guerre. 

Thomson, Robert R Ky., 1908. 3rd Inf, Replacement, Camp Gor- 
don, U. S. A, 



U. S. Army: First Lieutenants (Continued) 41 

Tinsley, Jr., James W Va., 1910. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Twitty James D Va., 1901. A. E. F. 

Utter, Jasper S Va., 1903. 308th Cavalry, commanding M.-G. 

Troop. Later, commanding 22nd Trench 

Mortar Battery, U. S. A. 

Van Meter, Jacob B Ky., 1914. F. A., U. S. A. 

Van Sant, James A.. Ky., 1918. (A. E. F.) 41st Inf., U. S. A. With 

Army of Occupation. Died in Service in 

France, Nov. 9, 1919. 
Van Valkenburgh, III, Jos. B. Ala., 1905. U. S. A. 
Vaughan, III, Cecil C Va., 1916. Adjutant, 2nd Battalion, 116th Inf., 

29th Div., A. E. F. 
Wales, 3d, William H Va., 1916. Air Service, A. E. F. "First Hon- 
our" in his Class at Princeton University 

Ground School. 

Walker, Alexander S Texas, 1916. 55th F. A., U. S. A., Camp Bowie. 

Walker, Henri Davin Va., 1911. Aerial Observer. Later, on Staff, 

Major Gen'l. Harry C. Hale, A. E. F. 

Warren, Jr., Robert H Ga., 1916. 55th Inf., 7th Div., A. E. F. 

Watson, Thomas M Texas, 1918. 119th Inf., 30th Division, A. E. F. 

Wayte, Harold C 111., 1916. 63rd Inf., U. S. A. 

Wear, William D Texas, 1912. 132nd M. G. Battalion, 36th Div., 

A. E. F. 
Wellford, Jr., Armistead L. . . Va., 1915. C. A., U. S. A. 
Welton, Jr., Richard F Va., 1915. Intelligence Officer, 3d Battn., 60th 

Inf., 5th Division, A. E. F. With Army of 

Occupation. Cited for conspicuous gallantry 

in action by a General Officer. 

West, Robert G Texas, 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Whaley, Harry E Va., 1912. A. E. F. (10 months). Med. Corps, 

Eval. Hosp. Unit 35. 

White, Eugene T Texas, 1918. 10th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Wilklns, Jr., Gilbert H Va., 1915. Battery "D," 351st F. A., 92d Div., 

A. E. F. 

Williams, Charles F N. Y., 1898. 110th Engineers, 35th Div., U. S. A. 

Williams, Thomas C Va., 1915. 46th Inf., U. S. A. 

Wilmer, Thomas W Va., 1914. 19th F. A., 5th Div., and Artillery 

Instructor, A. E. F, With Army of Occupa- 
tion. 

Wilson, Frederick W Tenn., 1905. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Wilson, Leroy C Md., 1912. Infantry Instructor, A. E. F. In 

four Engagements with British Colonials. 

Three months in Hospital, and then invalided 

home. 

Wilson, Scott Mo„ 1910. 356th Inf., 89th Div., A. E. F. 

Winchester, Thomas H Ga., 1906. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Wolfson, William L Fla., 1906. Medical Corps, 64th C. A., A. E. F. 

Woods, Le Grand J Texas, 1914. 133rd F. A., 61st Brigade, 36th 

Div., A. E. F. 
Woolford, Austin W Va,, 1917. 307th Inf., 77th Div., A. E. F. Lost 

left arm in drive for Aisne River, Sept. 4, 

1918. Has three wound stripes. 

Worrell, Churchill F Va., 1915. Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

Worthington, Jr., Thomas. . . Ala., 1913. 108th M. O. R. S., 33d Div., A. E. F. 
Wright, Crispin Va., 1904. Medical Corps, 41st Division, 164th 

Field Hospital, A. E. F. Died in the Service. 
Wright, Saunders Va., 1911. 56th Engineers, 301st Stevedore 

Regiment, 76th Division, A» E. F. 



42 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Yancey, William B Va., 1914. M. G. Co., 51st Inf., 6th Div., A. E. F. 

Wounded slightly in action, Sept. 15, 1918. 
Yates, Jr., J. William Va., 1899. Air Service, U. S. A. Commanding 

882d Aero Squadron from Oct. 1, 1918. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 
[Note: It is probable that some of these Officers were promoted.] 

Acree Vernon D Va., 1918. 41st Infantry, 10th Division, U. 

S. A. 

Adams, J. V Texas, 1922. F. A. 

Allen, Joseph C • • Texas, 1902. U. S. A. 

Allison, Parker R • Ariz., 1920. F. A. (Lt. R. C), U. S. A. 

Alston Edwin S Texas, 1914. 64th Inf., 7th Div., A. E. F. 

Alverson Henry L Va., 1918. 315th Infantry, 79th Div., A. E. F. 

Andrews' Harris G Va., 1913. 318th Inf., 80th Div., A. E. F. 

Armistead, Frederick V Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Armistead, Moss W Va., 1916. F. A., U. S. A. 

Armstrong, William D Va., 1914. 25th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Atwill, Charles E Va., 1905. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Austin, Samuel L Ill-, 1920. Air Service, Operation Branch, U. 

S. A. Promoted from Sergeant in the 29th 
Div., Hd. Qrs., Troop. Injury in airplane 
accident prevented his going overseas. 

Averill, Henr:y Va., 1914. U. S. A. 

Bailey, Nathaniel H Ga., 1921. U. S. A. 

Bancroft, John T Md., 1917. 113th Engineers, 38th Div., A. B. F. 

Barnard, James H Texas, 1918. 142nd Infantry, 36th Div., A. E. 

F. On detached service at University of 
London till June 30, 1919. 

Beard, Charles G W. Va., 1907. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Bellezza, Russell G N. C, 1918. C. A., U. S. A. 

Berry, Jr., Francis W.. Va., 1920. F. A., U. S. A. 

Berry, Jr., William T Va., 1917. Asst. Adjutant, Headquarters, Ad- 
vance Section, M. T. C, Cavalry Section, 
U. S. A. 

Bigbee, William O Va., 1915. 305th Ammunition Train, 80th Div., 

A. E. F. 

Blair, Alexander H Va., 1918. Bat. "B," 36th P. A., 12th Div., U. 

S. A. Battery Supply and Mess Officer. 

Blow, George W 111., 1917. F. A., Camp Taylor, U. S. A. 

Blum Albert H Miss., 1915. Air Service Instructor, Scott Field, 

U. S. A. 

Bly, Merwin C Va., 1920. Air Service, Reserve Military Avia- 
tor. 

Bolen, Charles H Va., 1918. 116th Infantry, 29th Div., A. E. F. 

Bonsai, Hall P Md., 1921. U. S. A. 

Borden, Thomas F N. C, 1918. C. A., U. S. A. 

Boykin, Henley P Va., 1912. U. S. A. Assigned as Aide to Major 

E. W. Nichols, Enginers, U, S. A., at V. M. I. 

Bradford, John R Fla., 1918. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Brlggs, Archer K Va., 1917. Infantry, A. E. P. 

Briggs, William H Ga., 1915. 322nd Inf., 81st Div., A. E. F. 

Brown, Percy Md., 1919. U. S. A, 

Bryan, Edward D N. C., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A., 155th D. B., 

Camp Lee. 

Burger, Henry I Va., 1919. Infantry, U. S. A. 



U. S. Army: Second Lieutenants (Continued) 43 

Butler, Percy S Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Button, Frank W Ky., 1916. Instructor, Machine-Gun School, 

Fort Hancock, U. S. A. 

Campbell, William P Ark., 1917. F. A., 87th Dlv.; later, with 91st 

Div., A. E. F. 

Cantrell, Charles C Texas, 1918. Staff, Major E. W. Nichols, En- 
gineers, U. S, A., commanding S. A. T. C. 
at V. M. I. 

Carneal, Charles W Va., 1918. Air Service. Pursuit "Pilot, R. C, 

U. S. A. 

Carter, J. Prescott Va., 1919. In charge, 6th Naval Training Dis- 
trict, U, S. A., at University of Georgia. 

Chapin, Jr., Cornelius C Va., 1916. 308th Pioneer Infantry, A. E. F, 

Clapp, Robert V Ohio, 1919. Infantry (Unattached), U. S. A. 

Clarke, Basil M Ala., 1914. 135th Aero Squadron, Flying Ob- 
server, A. E. F. 

Colburn, Albert E N. H., 1918. Infantry, Camp Gordon, U. S. A. 

Collins, George R W. Va., 1911. Battery "F," 351st F. A., 92d 

Div., A. E. F. 

Collins. Harold M Va., 1914. A. E. F. 

Conrad, George Bryan Va„ 1919. Infantry, U. S. A. Promoted to 

1st Lt., June, 1920. 

Converse, Joseph B Ala., 1908. Engineers, Camp Utilities, Con- 
struction Division, U. S. A. 

Corzelius, Frank M Ky., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. Promoted to 1st 

Lt., June, 1920. 

Coulbourn, Charles B Va., 1910. Staff, Major E. W. Nichols, Engi- 
neers, U, S. A., Commanding V. M. I. S. A. 
T. C. 

Coulbourn, Joseph O Ala., 1914. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Cox, Jr., Ross P Ga., 1919. U.S.A. 

Crittenden, John D Mo., 1909. 165th Inf., 42nd Div., A. E. F. In 

actions of Luneville, ^ Baccarat, Chateau 
Thierry and Champagne. 

Gumming, Jr., Hugh S Va., 1921. C. A., U. S. Reserve Corps. 

Curtis, Douglas C Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Cutchins, Frank Va., 1914. 309th Engineers, 84th Div., A. E. F. 

, Died in the Service in France of pneumonia, 

Dec. 26, 1918. 

Davant, Charles R Va., 1911. A. E. F. 

Davis, James K Pa., 1921. U.S.A. 

Davis, Ronald L La., 1918. Air Service, U. S. A. 

De Cew, Llewellyn Hawaii, 1919. Engineers, U. S. A. 

De Graff, DeLancy A N. Y., 1916. Battery "E," 16th F. A., 4th Div 

A. E. F. 

Derbyshire, George A Va., 1899. U.S.A. Retired. Ordered to active 

service as Commandant of Cadets, V. M I. 

Dew, Thomas R Va., 1919. 12th Inf., U. S. A. 

Dickens, Frank A Va., 1914. U. S. A. 

Dickson, Horace K Va., 1914. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Dishman, Charles H Ky., 1913. M. G. Company, 149th Inf., 38th 

Division, A. E. F. 

Dodd, Randell S Mo., 1912. A. G. Dept, U. S. A. 



44 ViEGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Douglas, Thomas B 111., 1922. Infantry, U, S. A. Assigned to Ann 

Arbor, Mich., Training School. Transferred 
to Co. 13, Univ. of Mich. S. A. T. C. as sec- 
ond in command. Ist-Sergeant, Co. "A, ' 
Corps Cadets, V. M. I., 1920-21. 

Downing, Leslie B Va., 1919. U, S. A. 

Doyle, Robert E Va., 1909. U. S. A., R. C. 

Duff, Joseph E Va., 1914. C. A., U. S. A. 

Duffy, Frank L Ky., 1911. 349th F. A., 92d Div., A. E. F. 

Duncan, Paul H Va., 1916. 1st Development Battalion, 155th 

Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Easley, Richard B • Va., 1915. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Echols, Charles L Va., 1917, 4th F. A., U. S. A. 

Echols, Joseph Va., 1918. C. A., U. S. A. 

Echols, Marion P Va., 1919. U. S. A. 

Edwards, Augustus D Texas, 1918. 71st F. A., U. S. A. Brigade 

Radio Officer, 24th F. A. Brigade, Headquar- 
ters. 

Ellyson, Robert W... Va., 1915. Asst. Adjt., 17th Battalion, Infan- 
try Replacement and Training Camp, at 
Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Engleby, George B Va., 1919. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Epes, William J.. Va., 1919. U. S. A. 

Eva, Victor F Minn., 1920. 69th F. A., Battery "D," Del Rio, 

Texas, and Camp Knox, Ky. 

Ewell, Jesse R Va., 1917. Ordnance Corps, U. S. A. 

Ewing, Jr., Robert La., 1919. U. S. A. 

Ewing, Toulmin H La., 1917. F-. A., U. S. A. 

Faison, Preston K N. C, 1917. 60th Inf., 5th Div., A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded in action, Sept. 16, 1918, at 
Bois-de-Bon, Vaux, St. Mihiel Offiensive. 

Fletcher, Marshall P Va., 1914. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Foy, Levie W Ala., 1918. 51st Infantry, 6th Div., A. E. F. 

Frary, Charles C Fla., 1914. Casual Detachment, Infantry, Camp 

Mills, U. S. A. 

Frary, Rodney W Fla., 1917. M. G. Company, U. S. A. 

Eraser, Douglas M Texas, 1910. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Eraser, Malcolm W N. Y., 1921. Infantry, R. C, U. S. A. (Form- 
erly in Air Service.) 

Freeman, Jr., Edward W Ark., 1921. Infantry, R. C, U. S. A.' 

Friedman, Robert H Va., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Gardenhire, Birch C Tenn., 1895. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Gardner, James Ga., 1911. 52nd Inf., 6th Div., A. E. F. 

Garnett, Jr., Joseph H Texas, 1910. Air Service Instructor, Ellington 

Field, U. S. A. Severely hurt when his plane 
fell nearly 600 feet. 

Gary, Barham B Va., 1919. U. S. A., R. C. 

Gatewood, Arthur R Va., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Getzen, Thompson H Fla., 1914. 13th F. A., 4th Div., A. E. F. 

Gillespie, Victor R Va., 1916. F. A,, U. S. A. 

Gillet, J. N. D Va., 1916. Staff, Major E. W. Nichols, Engi- 
neers, U. S. A., Commanding V. M. I. S. A 
T. C. 

Glenn, "William R N. C, 1920. 308th Battalion, Tank Corps, U. 

S. A. (Rose from the ranks after 19 months' 
training.) 

Goldsmith, H. C N. J., 1920. U. S. A. 

Goodman, Willard G ill., 1918. Air Service, U. S. A. (Signal Re 

serve Corps.) 



IT. S. Army: Second Lieutenantsi (Continued) 45 

Graves, Henry L Ga., 1907. Air Service, U. S. A. On duty at 

various Training Schools as Instructor. 

Gregory, William K Ky., 1912. F. A., U. S. A. 

Grey, Jr., James P Tenn., 1913. U. S. Aviation Service, A. E. F. 

First among the Red Cross workers in 

France in 1914 

Guest, John L Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Hafter Jerome S Miss., 1915. Battery "E," 30th F. A., lOth 

Div., U. S. A. 
Hamlin, Jr., Thomas Va., 1909. Light Tank Corps, A. E. F. Slightly 

wounded in action in Argonne Forest, Oct 

10, 1918, and promoted from Sergeant to 
■ 2nd Lieutenant for gallantry. 

Harmon, Lawrence W N. Y., 1916. A. E. F. 

Harris, Herbert W Va., 1912. Supply Off., 316th Service Battn., 

later. Personal Officer, Camp Mills, U. S. A. 

Harrison, Lucius A Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Hart, Jr., J. Brower La., 1914. U. S. A. 

Hawkins, Chilton T W. Va., 1918. M. G. Company, U. S. A. 

Hayes, Ross H Ga., 1916. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Healy, John H Va., 1916. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Henshaw, F. R Ind., 1921. U. S. A. 

Hicks, Hassel T Va., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Hill, Luther L Ala., 1916. U. S. A. Promoted to 1st Lt, 

June, 1920. 
Holt, Jr., Henry W Va., 1917. U. S. A. (Later promoted to 1st 

Lt.) 

Hughes, Gregory W Va., 1918. Infantry, Camp Lee, U. S, A. 

Hughes, John B Va., 1917. U. S. A. 

Hughes, Rozier P Mo., 1913. U. S. A. 

Hunt, R. G Va., 1923. U. S. A. (1st Corporal V. M. I., 

1920-21.) 

Inglesby, Francis J S. C, 1898. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Ingram, Sylvanus L Va., 1918. Air Service, A. E. F. 

Jackson, Charles R Va., 1919. U. S. A. 

Jeffries, Francis C Va., 1918. P. A., U. S. A. 

Jenkins, Elmer M Va., 1919. 31st Infantry, U. S. (Siberia.) 

Jerman, William B N. C, 1909. 388th Infantry, 97th Div., U. S. A. 

Jernigin, Russell C Texas, 1919. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Jessee, Joshua E Va., 1913. Infantry U. S. A. 

Johnson, S. Ladd Va., 1915. 116th Infantry, 29th Div., A. E. F. 

Johnston, Francis B Mich., 1911. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Jones, Charles P Ala., 1919. U. S. A. 

Jones, Fitzhugh B Va., 1918. U. S. A. 

Jones, Harry T Va., 1908. C. A., U. S. A. 

Jordan, James E Va., 1915. Headquarters Company, 115th Inf., 

29th Div., A. E. F. 

Jordan, S. H. Pope . W. Va., 1914. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Julian, Leo S Pla., 1912. U. S. A. 

Keerans, Jr., Charles L N. C, 3 920, U. S. A. 

Keith, A. A. Morson Va., 1911. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Kellogg, Kemper L Va., 1919. Air Service, A. E. P. Cadet Cap- 
tain at Princeton Ground School. 
Kimberly, Jr., John B Va., 1917. 305th Ammunition Train, 343rd 

F. A., 90th Div., 306th Ammunition Train, 

81st Div., A. E. F. 
Kirkpatrick, James D Ala, 1913. Air Service. Fighting Pilot of 

Pursuit Squadron, U. S. A. 



46 Virginia Mili;(:ary Institute — World War Record 

Knapp, Frederick D Va., 1919. F. A., U. S. A. 

Kuykendall, James E W. Va., 1914. 347th Inf., 87th Div., then 162nd 

Inf., 41st Div., and finally M. G. Co. of 312th 

Inf., 78th Div., A. E. F. 

Lacy, Seddon C Va., 1920. Infantry, Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Ladd, Arthur K Texas, 1909. F. A., U. S. A. Instructor in 

Aerial Gunnery, at Fort Sill, Okla. 

Lafferty, Edgar R Va., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Land, Langley P Va„ 1919. 355th Aero Squadron and then 

609th Aero Squadron, U. S. A. 

Lathrop, Charles P Va., 1908. Motor Transport Service, U. S. A. 

Lee, Richard Va., 1918. U. S. A. 

Look, Frederick W N. Y., 1914. Engineers, A. E. F. 

Loop, Chester H Tenn., 1905. U. S. A. 

Loop, John E Tenn., 1907. 25th F. A., U. S. A. 

Lowery, William T Va., 1915. U. S. A. 

Lowry, Loper B Pla., 1911. Grad., U. S. M. A., June, 1920. 

Lowry, Robert A Ky., 1909. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Lum, Robert E S. Dakota, 1918. Air Service, U. S. A. 1st 

Lt., A. S., R. C, when discharged. 
Lynch James B Va., 1913. 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, 

U. S. A. 
Mann, D. M. B Va., 1914. 80th Div., Camp Lee, and, later, 

H. Q. Troop, 9th Div., at Camp Sheridan, 

U. S. A. 

Mantor, Lawrence Texas, 1921. Tank Corps, U. S. A. 

Mantor, Mayhew Texas, 1918, Infantry, Camp Pike, U. S. A. 

Marshall, Peyton J Va., 1918. F. A. Replacement Depot, Camp 

Jackson, later, Fort Sill, Okla. 

Martin, Frank K. H Va., 1919. Infantry, Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Martin, James G Va., 1909. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Maverick, Maury Texas, 1916". Infantry, U. S. A. 

May, Hubert D W. Va., 1909. 145th Infantry, U. S. A. 

Metcalfe, Willis R Miss., 1918. Infantry, Camp Grant, U. S. A. 

Mettenheimer, John M Texas, 1918. Detailed to V. M. I. as Aide to 

Commanding Officer, S. A. T. C, U. S. A. 

(Maj. E. W. Nichols. )- 

Michie, H. Norwood N. C, 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Minis, Carol E Ga., 1909. Engineers, U. S. A. 

Moore. Alonzo H Okla., 1918. 334th F. A., U. S. A. 

Moore, Jr., Warner Va., 1915. Air Service, A. E. F. 

Morris, Eugene P HI-, 1907. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Morrison, Lawrence P Mo., 1911. Bomber, Air Service, U. S. A. 

Morrow, Guy H N. J., 1913. 310th Infantry, 78th Div., A. E. F. 

Munce, Marshall G Va., 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

McAnerney, 2d, John N. Y., 1917. 107th Inf., 27th Div., A. E. F. 

Severely wounded, — lost an eye in action. 
McCauley, John W Texas, 1918. Aide-dQ-Carap to Commanding 

Officer, S. A. T. C, V. M. I. 

McClellan, Robert P Texas, 1912. 132nd F. A., 36th Div., A. E. F. 

McClellan, Robert W Tenn., 1909. U. S. A. 

McClevy, W. W Va., 1913. Infantry, U. S. A. 

McCorinick, James R Va., 1914. F. A., U. S. A. 

McDonough, Joseph A. Va., 1921. Infantiy, U. S. A. 

McDowell, James Va., 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

McGiffert, Stephen Y Minn., 1917. Co. H, 319th Inf., 80th Div., A. 

E. F. Severely wounded in action, Oct. 4, 

1918, at Bois-des-Ogons, Nantillois, France, 

and in Hospital till Spring of 1919. 
McLeod, Frank H S. C, 1914. 516th Pioneer Infantry, A. E. F. 



U. S. Army: Second Lieutenants (Continued) 47 

McNeily, John S Miss., 1915. 317th Inf., 80th Div., A. E. F. 

Nabors, Clarence D Texas, 1912. U. S. A, 

Newburger, Berthold J Mo., 1918. F. A., U, S. A. 

Nichols, Clive McK 111., 1902. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Nicolson, Robert E N. C, 1916. C. A., U. S. A. 

Nock, Jr., L. Floyd Va., 1918. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Noell, Shirley W Va., 1917. P. A., U. S. A. 

Owen, Jr., Archie A Va., 1913. Personnel Adjt. at Leave Area, A. 

E. F. In all actions of his unit, Sept.-Nov., 
1918. With Army of Occupation. 

Owen, Evan I Va., 1914. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Owen, Robert A Va., 1905. F. A. School of Fire, Fort Sill, 

Okla. 

Page, Reid A. N. C, 1915. Q. M. Corps, U. S. A. 

Parsons, A. Morris Texas, 1917. U. S. A. 

Patterson, Richard K. M Va., 1918, C. A., U. S. A. 

Paul, Seymour Va., 1907. F. A., U. S. A. 

Paxton, Matthew W Mo., 1910. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Peebles, Charles W Va., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Percivall, Joseph J Va., 1908. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Pickett, 3d, George E Va., 1916. Q. M. Corps, A. E. F. Severely in- 
jured while on duty. In Hospital as late 
as Feb., 1920. 

Potts, Thomas R Va., 1918. Air Service, A. E. P. Pilot in 

Combat Squadron, "1st Honour" in his Class 
at Princeton University Ground School. 

Powell, Mathew J Va., 1911. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Quentin, Herman P Colo., 1913. 63rd (Reg.) Inf., U. S. A. 

Ramsey, D. F Ky., 1919. 66th Casual Co., 162nd Depot Bri- 
gade, Camp Pike, U. S. A. 

Reilley, Maurice E N. C, 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Rheutan, Donald E Va., 1917. 10th F. A., 3d Div., A. E. F. 1st 

Battalion Radio Officer. 

Rhudy, James T. Va., 1919. Infantry, R. C, Nov. 2, 1919. 

Rich, Arnold H Va., 1916. 313th M. G. Battalion, 80th Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. 

Rising, John D 111., 1918. 49th F. A., U. S. A. 

Roane, Thomas W Va., 1919. Supply Officer, 3rd Battalion, Head- 
quarters, Infantry Replacement and Train- 
ing Troops, Camp Grant, U. S. A. Dis- 
charged, Oct. 27, 1919. 

Roberts, Alfred E.. La., 1920. C. A. C., R. C, U. S. A. 

Robertson, Jr., Robert G ..Va., 1918. Supply Officer, 12th Training Bat- 
talion, 161st Depot Brigade, Camp Grant, 
U. S. A. 

Rogers, Edward B Va., 1918. Air Service, Military Aeronautics, 

U. S. A. 

Rogers, Wadsworth W Mich., 1919. U. S. A. 

Roller, John E Va., 1913. P. A., U. S. A. 

Rosenberger, Holmes G Va., 1921. Co. E, 3d Infantry, Replacement 

Regt., U. S. A., Camp Gordon. 

Rountree, Andrew J Ga., 1915. C. A. Aerial Observer, A. E. P. 

Ruffin, Thomas E Va., 1919. U. S. A. 

Sams, R. Troy Tenn., 1911. Transferred from Air Service to 

Infantry, M. G. Corps (unassigned), U. S. A. 
Service at various Plying Fields and with 
Savage Arms Corporation, Utica, N. Y. 

Sansberry, James C Ind., 1916. Assigned as Aide-de-Camp to Com- 
manding Officer, V. M. I. S. A. T. C, U. S. A. 



48 Virginia Military Institute— World War Record 

Schlegel, Frank E Va., 1917. 60th Inf., 5th Division, A. E. F. 

Slightly wounded in action in France, 1918, 
after being transferred to 3d Division. 

Schriver, Zany J Tenn., 1911. 63rd Inf., U. S. A. 

Scudder, Irvine C Miss., 1918. 34th Inf., 7th Div., A. E. F. Recom- 
mended for D. S. C. 

Semmes, B. W. Lewis Va., 1918. F. A., U. S. A. 

Semple, Samuel M Pa., 1918. Asst. Personnel Adjutant, Army 

Service Corps, A. E. F. 

Shadle, Harold B W. Va., 1917. Air Service, U. S. A. With Air 

Craft Production Board. 

Shields, William R Va., 1905. Infantry, U. S. A. Depot Replace- 
ment Camps (Lee, Cody and Shelby). 

Skiles, Lloyd A Texas, 1915. Q. M. Corps, Motor Supply Troop, 

90th Div., A. E. F. 

Slauson, Frederick C. T Conn., 1915. Air Service, A. E. F. Bombing 

Pilot. 

Smith, Dudley V Texas, 1919. Artillery, R. C, U. S. A. 

Smith, Jr., Mortimer W W. Va., 1915. Engineers, U. S. A. On Staff, 

Col. Wilbur Willing, later, with Post Com- 
mander, Ft. Benjamin Harrison. 

Smith, Russell M 111., 1920. Aviation Service, U. S. A., Kelly 

Field. 

Smith, Thomas Chilton Ala., 1915. Battery "D," 57th C. A. C, A. 

E. F. 

Smith, Jr., Thomas O Ala., 1912. 106th Supply Train, 31st Div., A. 

E. F. 

Speed, Jr., William G Md., 1918. Air Service. Instructor at Kelly 

Field. Later, on account of serious injury 
received in line of duty, assigned to Bu- 
reau of Army Aeronautics, U. S. A. (Crip- 
pled for life in aeroplane crash.) 

Sprague Henry H N. Y., 1906. Adj't, Ellington Field, A. S. 

Springs, Eli B N. C, 1914. Air Service, A. E. F. 

Squire, J. Walter Va., 1917. 816th Pioneer Inf., A. E. F. 

Stalling, Jr., Gustav H Va., 1917. F. A., U. S. A. 

Stevens, Cecil W Va., 1910. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Stevens, Jr., George W Va., 1911. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Taliaferro, John M Va., 1914. U. S. A. 

Taylor, David A Ohio, 1919. U. S. A. 

Taylor, John Hume Va., 1920. Instructor, S. A. T. C, U. S. A., at 

University of N. C. 

Taylor, John T Va., 1909. 72nd Inf., U. S. A. 

Thornton, A. Leslie Va., 1917. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Thraves, Oscar R Va., 1909. F. A., U. S. A. 

Throckmorton. Richard W...Okla., 1918. 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, 

U. S. A. 

Towers, Robert S Fla., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Truslow, Hansford B Va., 1918. 13th F. A., U. S. A. 

Tucker, Jr., Charles M Va., 1919. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Tucker, Isaac D Va., 1919. U. S. A. 

Tynes, William F Ala., 1916. Air Service, Fighting Flyer, A. 

E. F. 

Van Dyke, Wilson J Md., 1918. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Wallis, S. Teackle D. C, If 19. Infantry, U. S. A. 

Watson, William W N. C, 1918. (Reg.) Infantry, U. S. A. 

Webb, Jr., Henry H. Calif., 1919. Air Service, A. E. F. Lost arm 

in line of duty. 

Weldman, Frank A. Pa., 1913. F. A., U. S. A- 



TJ. S. Army: Second Lieutenants (Continued) 49 

West, Robert A Va., 1912. 446th Detacliment of Engineers, 

A. E. F. 

West, Thomas Seaton (For- 
merly T. Seaton Wilson) .. Va., 1910. M. G. Co., Camp Hancock, U. S. A. 

Wheeler, Carnall Okla., 1909. S. O., 3d Reg., A. S. S. C, Waco, 

Texas; C. O., 68th Squadron, (H. Q.), Field 
2, Garden City, N. Y. After War, Construc- 
tion Engineer, Muskogee, Okla. 

Whitefield, W. Irvine Va., 1911. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Wickham, George B Va., 1908. U. S. A. 

Williams, Elmer B Tenn., 1920. F. A., Camp Taylor, JJ. S. A. 

Williams, Jr., John W Va., 1918. 163d Squadron, Air Service, A. E. F. 

Fighting Observer. Assigned to Day Bom- 
bardment on arrival overseas. Arrived at 
front, Nov. 5, 1918. Participated for six 
days in Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 

Williams, Lawrence M Ark, 1917. Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Williams, Philip Va., 1908. Air Service, Pilot, U. S. A. Distin- 
guished record. 

Williams, Robert M Va., 1913. 52nd Pioneer Infantry, U. S. A. 

Williams, Winthrop T Mo., 1920. C. A., U. S. A. 

Williamson, Jr., Robert B.. . . Va., 1919. Artillery, R. C, U. S. A 

Wood, John W Tenn., 1917. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Wylie, Robert H W. Va., 1920. U. S. A. 

Yancey, Henry A Va., 1919. 328th Inf., A. E. F. 

Yancey, Thomas M ; Va., 1914. C. A., U. S. A. 

Zea, Frank E Va., 1916. Infantry Instructor at Camp Gor- 
don, U. S. A. 



50 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

U. S. MARINE CORPS. 

MAJORS. 

Kingman, Matthew H Iowa, 1913. A. E. F. Wounded In action. Re- 
ceived Croix de Guerre with> Palm. 

Lee, Sydney Smitli Va., 1903. 

McConnell, Fredericlc C Ala., 1902. A. E. F. 

Upshur, Wiiliam P Va., 1902. A. E. F. 

CAPTAINS. 

[The following thirteen Captains were commissioned Majors, but their 
Commissions were revoked later:] 

Bain, James M Va., 1915. 

Brewster, J. E N. Y., 1916. 

Davis, James E Va., 1915. 

Denham, James L D. C, 1910. A. E. F. 

Gait, Jr., iilexander Md., 1914. 

Geyer, Jr., Peter C Canal Zone, 1916. 

Griffin, Raphael Va., 1915. 

Hamner, George C D. C, 1910. 

Howard, Samuel L D. C, 1912. A. E. F. 

Karow, Gustav Ga., 1916. Died in the Service. 

Leech, Lloyd L Va., 1913. 

Lloyd, Egbert T D. C, 1912. A. E. F. 

Watt, Gordon La., 1915. 

i 
[The above officers head the list of Captains, U. S. M. Corps. Additional 
Captains follow : ] 

Brown, Campbell H Tenn., 1917. A. E. F. 

Burks, Jesse J Va., 1916. 

Clarke, Jr., Frederick W. . . Ga., 1917. A. E. F. 

Wounded twice in action. Awarded the Croix 
de Guerre with Silver Star. Recommended 
for the D. S. C. 

Clement. William T Va., 1914. 

Gumming, Samuel C Va., 1917. A. E. F. 

Wounded in action. Awarded the Croix de 
Guerre with two Silver Stars. 

Etheridge, Charles A Va., 1915. A. E. F. Wounded in action, and 

very highly commended for gallantry. 

Evans, Robert D Va., 1914. 

Fugate, Jr., Jesse H Va., 1916. Died in the Service at Santiago, 

D. R., Jan. 9, 1919. 

Goodman, Benjamin A Va., 1917. A. E. P. Wounded in action. Se- 
lected to command the U. S. M. Corps Sec- 
tion of S. A. T. C. at the V. M. I. 

Hagan, Joseph Addison Va., 1916. A. E. F. 

Severely wounded in action and disabled for 
life. Cited for gallantry. Retired for phy- 
sical disability in the line of duty. Recom- 
mended for "Medal of Honour.'' 

Hart, Jack S Texas, 1917. A. E. F. 

Wounded twice in action and seriously gassed. 
Awarded "Medal of Honour," D. S. C, Croix 
de Guerre with Palm, and Navy Cross. 



TJ. S. M. Corps: Captains (Cont'd) — First Lieutenants 51 

Lockhart, George B Va., 1917. A. E. P. Wounded and gassed in 

action. 

Mason, Jr., Horatio P Va., 1917. A. E. F. Wounded in action. 

Awarded Croix de Guerre. 

Massie, Nathaniel H Va., 1916. A. E. F. 

Awarded the Croix de Guerre with Silver Star. 
Selected to write the history of his Battalion 
which duty he performed. 

Millner, Bruce J Va., 1916. 

Mills, Jr., Morgan R Va., 1917. A. B. P. Wounded in action. Award- 
ed the Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

Munce, George G Va., 1914. A. E. P. Wounded in action. Award- 
ed the Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

McCormick, William H Md., 1912. A. E. F. 

McLean, James D Va., 1915. A. E. F. 

Nash, Charles P W. Va., 1917. A. E. P. Attached to Air Ser- 
vice Section. Shot down with his Plane from 
a height of over 2,000 feet. Lost an arm and 
made prisoner of War. Awarded the D. S. 
C. for galjantry in the Air and promoted to 
Captain. 

Nelms, James A. Va., 1917. A. E. P. Cited for gallantry in ac- 
tion and recommended for the grade of 
Major. Awarded Croix de Guerre with Gilt 
Star. 

Old, Jr., Nimmo Va., 1916. 

Pendleton, Robert S Va., 1917. 

Perkinson, Allan C Va., 1914. A. E. P. Wounded twice in action. 

Awarded the Croix de Guerre — the first V. 

M. I. Marine to be decorated for conspicuous 

gallantry. 
Robinson, Fielding S Va., 1917. A. E. F. Attached to Staff of Maj. 

Gen. Ilarbord. Awarded the Croix de Guerre. 
Shepherd, Jr., Lemuel C. ...Va., 1917. A. E. F. Wounded three times in 

action. Awarded the D. S. C. and Croix de 

Guerre with Palm, and, later, the Navy Cross. 

Spotts, George W Va., 1914. 

Ward, Joseph G Va., 1917. 

Whiting, Thomas S Va., 1917. A. E. F. Wounded in action. 

Awarded Croix de Guerre with Palm. 
Willcox, Charles S Va., 1917. 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 



Armstrong, Anthony G Va., 1909. 

Carr, Allen P Texas, 1915. 

De Butts, Henry A Va., 1916. Graduated at 2nd Training School 

at Quantico with first honours of his Com- 
pany and the 2nd honour of the entire School 
of 450 men. 

Emery, Nathaniel W Va., 1912. 

Goodwin, Weir R Va., 1917. 

Herman, Stanley S Va., 1918. 

James, Raymond P Va., 1918. 

Leech, James C Va., 1921 Returned to V. M. I. after Armis- 
tice. 

McClellan, John M Va., 1916. Killed in action in France. Award- 
ed Croix de Guerre (posthumously). 



52 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Stevenson, Merile H W. Va., 1917. 

Taylor, James M Va., 1918. A. E. P. (Siberia.) 

Witt, Jr., S. B Va., 1918. 

Woodward, C. D Ga., 1919. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Barnes, Robert E W. Va., 1919. 

Gary, Jr., T. Archibald Va., 1918. 

Cburcli, John F Ohio, 1918, 

David, Robert F Va., 1917. 

Howard, Hugh M D. C, 1902. Retired. 

Malsberger, August H Ohio, 1912. 

Murphy, Richard W Ala., 1916. Killed in action in France. 

Norton, Cleveland H N. C, 1904. 

Patton, Jr., John M Va., 1914. 

Puller, Lewis B Va., 1921. 

Robinson, Saunders L Pa., 1921. 

Sewell, Houston P Va., 1914. 

Sizer, Jr., James B Tenn., 1918. 

Somers, Vernon L Va., 1915. Killed in action in France. Award- 
ed, posthumously, the D. S. C. and the Navy 
Cross. 

Sullivan, Melville E Va., 1917. Pilot, Air Service, U. S. M. C. Killed 

by fall of his Plane, May 7, 1918. 

Terrell, T. F. King Va., 1919. 



XJ. S. Navy: Medical Directoks — Lieutenants 53 



UNITED STATES NAVY. 

MEDICAL DIRECTORS. 

Gatewood, James D Ya., 1876. 

De Valin, Charles M S. C, 1888. Awarded Navy Cross and C. B. E. 

(British). 

CAPTAIN. 
Proctor, Andre M. (Line) ...Ky., 1891. 

COMMANDERS. 

Irwin, Fairfax D. C, 1874. Senior Surgeon, U. S. Public 

Health Service. After July, 1917, Sanitary 
Officer of U. S. Navy. 

Staton, Adolphus (Line) ...N. C, 1900. Navy Cross. 

Hyatt, Charles R. (Line) ..Va., 1906. -Spl. Letter of Commendation. 

Spilman, John A Va., 1898. Constructor. 

LIEUTENANT COMMANDERS. 

Belt, Haller Texas, 1906, 

Byrd, Jr., Richard E Va., 1908. Spl. Letter of Commendation. 

Chase, Gilbert P Va., 1894. 

Henderson, Samuel L Ark., 1902. 

James, Jules Va., 1906. Executive Officer, U. S. S. Rochester, 

convoying troops to Europe, during entire 
War. Spl. Letter of Commendation. 

Jones, Jack W Ga., 1913. Asst. Surgeon. 

King, Ogden D .N. C, 1909. Asst. Surgeon. A. E. F. At- 
tached to U. S. Marine Corps. Awarded D. S. 
C. and Navy Cross. Cited for extraordinary 
braverj' at Bois de Belleau. In all engage- 
ments with the Marines. 

Lovell, John Q Miss., 1879. Paymaster. (Retired.) Returned 

to Service for duration of War, in same ca- 
pacity. 

McCracken. John J Va., 1899. 

Read, Jr., O. M S. C, 1909. Navy Cross. 

Worden, Horace B Mont., 1904. Passed Asst. Paymaster. (Re- 
tired.) Returned to Service for the War. 

LIEUTENANTS. 

Banning, Jr., Hancock Calif., 1914. A. E. F. 

Boykin, Maury W Va., 1917. Asst. Paymaster. 

Brown. Willard C N. Y., 1914. Asst. Paymaster. A. E. F. Pro- 

rhoted to Lt. Supply Corps, U. S. N. Re- 
signed. On Inactive List, Reserve Force. 

Campman, J. Henry Texas, 1914. 

Gamble, John G. . Fla., 1918. Aviation Section. 

Harrill, William K Tenn., 1912. Navy Cross. 

Hartt, Jr., William H Va., 1916. A. E. F. 

Hix, Jr., Charles H Va., 1916. Asst. Paymaster. 



54 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Hull. Carl T N. Y., 1910. 

Mason, H. Millard Va., 1917. Asst. Paymaster. 

McKay, Laurence H. Ga., 1916. Asst. Paymaster. A. E. F. 

Parsons, Henry E Va., 1905. 

Peyton, Thomas G Va., 1910. 

Price, George D W. Va., 1913. 

Rembert. Arthur S. C, 1915. Asst. Paymaster. A. E. P. 

Rembert, Gaillard S. C, 1911. Asst. Paymaster. 

Root, Kenneth C Mo., 1914. Asst. Paymaster. 

Saunders, Carlton J Va., 1917. Assistant Paymaster, A. E. P. 

Snead, George M Va., 1916. Asst. Paymaster. A. E. P. 

Tobin, Robert G Va., 1915. The youngest oflBcer ever given com- 
mand of a ship, and the only member of his 
Class who commanded a ship during the 
World War. 

Yeatman, Philip W Va.. 1912. A. E. F. 

ENSIGNS. 

Barrett, Russell S Va., 1917. 

Crockett, Albert S Va., 1909. (Submarine Service.) 

Cruzen, Richard H Mo., 1918. 

Kane, Heywood M Va., 1916. A. E. F. (Siberia.) 

Owens, S. Willard Va., 1920. A. E. F. Aviation Service. Re- 
ceived "First Honours" of his Class at Mass. 
Inst, of Technology Ground School. He 
served during the War in the Submarine 
and Transport Convoy, in conjunction with 
the Navy, flying^ H-S-1 and H-S-2 type boats. 
Was a member of the Air Escort of the 
President's Convoy on both of his trips 
abroad. 



U. S. N. E. F. : Lieutenant Commanders — Ensigns 55 

U. S. NAVAL RESERVE FORCE. 

LIEUTENANT COMMANDERS. 

Figgins, B. W Va., 1912. 

Hastie, Colin C. (Civil Engr.) .Wash., 1912. In charge of construction of 

Brewerton Dry Dock. 

Johnston, Jr., A. Langstaff . . Va., 1902. Highly commended for distin- 
guished efficiency. 

Langhorne, Cary D Va., 1894. (U. S. N. Retired.) 

Medical Corps (Promoted to Commander after 
leaving the Service.) 

LIEUTENANTS, 

Root, Philip W Mo., 1918. Asst. Paymaster. 

Wheatley, William D. C, 1871. Died in the Service, Jan'y. 27, 

1918. , K 

LIEUTENANTS (J. G.). 

Daniels, George S N. C, 1910. Asst. Paymaster. 

Falligant, Philip L Ga., 1913, 

Jones, Thomas R Va., 1905. 

Meekins, Jeremiah C N. C, 1919. National Naval Volunteers. 

ENSIGNS. 

Adkins, Frederick B Va., 1918. Naval Air Service. 

Kidd, Winfred E Va., 1915. 

Merry, Edward T Md., 1915. 

Murchison, John R N. C, 1909. 

Newsome, Tom W Texas, 1909. Naval Air Service. 

Richardson, Jr., Edmund E. La., 1911. 

Richardson, J. Gray La., 1909. 

Ryall, George D N. Y., 1917. A. E. F. 

Sydnor, Leslie W Va., 1907. 

Warwick, Henry C W. Va., 1917. 



56 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

BRITISH AND FRENCH ARMIES. 

LIEUTENANT COLONEL. 

Brown, James McK Ky., 1907. British Ex. Force. Operating in 

Persia during entire War. Awarded D. S. O. 
and rapidly promoted. 

CAPTAINS. 

Acker, Joseph E Va., 1914. B. E. P. 26th Engineers, 33rd Div., 

4th British Army. 
Speer, Jr., George A Ga., 1912, B. E. F. Awarded D. S. 0. (No late 

definite information.) 

FIRST LIEUTENANTS. 

Allison, Wesley R Pa., 1916. B. E. F. Royal Air Service. 

Wounded three times. Machine caught afire 
in midair and fell with him to ground. Se- 
riously injured. 

Baldwin, J. F. Texas, 1912. Surgeon, "Royal Fusiliers," B. E. 

F. Killed in action in France, Aug. 7, 1918. 

Drake, Jr., James H Va., 1901. B. E. P. 

Wounded many times. Died from effect of 
hardships in the Service. Commended for 
extraordinary gallantry on many occasions. 

Jones, Norman D Pa., 1918. B. E. F. Royal Air Service. Scout 

Pilot. 

Loughridge, Sidney A Ky., 1904. Enlisted 1914, Royal Art., B. E. F. 

Injured by explosion. Decorated. Returned 
to U. S. Sept., 1919. 

Rhett, R. Barnwell S. C, 1910. 169th Brig., Infantry, 56th Div., 

B. B. F. Medical Corps. Prisoner of War. 
Awarded Military Cross (British) for excep- 
tional valour. Twice recommended for gal- 
lantry and to be promoted Captain and Ma- 
jor, respectively, and cited by the Comdr. -in- 
ch, of the American Army for meritorious 
service in the Allied cause. 

SECOND LIEUTENANTS. 

Barry, Arthur P Va., 1907. B. E. F. Instructor, attached to 

102nd Canadian Battalion, when last heard 
from. 

Hordern, Herbert R Va., 1914. Commissioned in "Irish, Guards," 

July, 1915. Wounded in action, Aug. 2, 1916. 
In Hospital for three years in France. Dec- 
orated. He has never recovered, 

Howard, Richard J Mo., 1914. B. E. F. Killed in action in France. 

Awarded, posthumously, the "V. C." 

Johnson, Robert W Ark., 1901. French Army. Failing to get into 

the U. S. Army, he enlisted in the French 
Army and rose to be a Lieutenant of Artil- 
lery. 

Peeler, Richard McC Ala., 1.918. B. E. S. Royal Flying Corps. 



Allied Armies: Second Lieutenants (Continued) 57 

Rockwell, Klffen Y N. C, 1912. British-American Aviation Service. 

Promoted for conspicuous gallantry in de- 
stroying Enemy Planes. Killed in action in 
Prance. Previously decorated. 

Shaw-Kennedy, Vernon 111., 1915. B. E. F. 

Highly commended for gallantry. No direct 
information received of him since early in 
1917. 

Taltavall, Walter P N. J., 1916. B. E. F. Royal Air Service. 

Figtiting Squadron. 

Thomson, Edward W. ...... Pa., 1919. B. E. F. Royal Air Service. 



OFFICERS IN CHINESE ARMY. 

Chen, Ting Chia China, 1907. 

Lee, Yen Chu China, 1917. 



58, 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



ENLISTED PERSONNEL. 

UNITED STATES ARMY. 

Adelstein, Kenneth M Va., 1919. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Adkins, Eugene M Va., 1920. Field Clerk, A. E. F. Gassed in 

action. 
Adoue, James H Texas, 1908. A. E. F. (It is not known if 

he held rank.) 

Ande;-scn, Brooks N Va., 1919. Sgt. Major, C. A., A. E. F. 

Anderson, Marvin J Va., 1916. 1st Sergeant, 317th Inf., H. Q., 4th 

British Army; later, 27th Div., A. E. F. After 

Armistice 1st Sgt., Presidential Guard in 

Paris. 
Armstrong. Allan G Va., 1909. Accounts Section, Signal Corps, 

U. S. A. 
Ashley, Eugene H Ga., 1915. Sgt., Co. "H," 109th Inf., A. E. F. 

Slightly wounded in action at the Marne. 

Backus, J. H Va., 1920. Enlisted in Engineers, U. S. A. 

Bagley, Isham T Va., 1908. 6th Supply Train, A. E. F. 

Barbour, Lewis W Kansas, 1921. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Barley, Jr., Louis C Va., 1920. U. S. M. A. 

Beauchamp, James R Md., 1911. 143rd M. G. Battn., A. E. F. 

Beavers, John M D. C, 1921. U. S. A. 

Bell, Alden Va., 1880. Private. Volunteered and enlisted 

Nov. 16, 1917. 116th Inf. and 104th Engrs., 

A. E. F. In action at fr;nt. Discharged Aol. 

18, 1919. 
Bender, Theodore K Mich., 1915. 1st Sgt., C. A., Aberdeen Proving 

Grounds, U. S. A. 

Bennett. John R D. C, 1914. Corporal, M. T. C. 442, B. S. No. 

6, A. E. F. 

Blair, Jesse H Ind., 1921. U. S. M. A. 

Bouldin, TTiomas V N. C, 1921. U. S. M. A. till close of War. 

Boylan, Rufus T N. C, 1909. Corporal, M. G. Co., 119th Inf., 

60th Brigade, 30th Div., A. E. P. 

Branton, James L Miss.. 1916. Infantry. A E. F 

Brencan, Rudolph W. C D. C, 1914. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Brevard, Robert J N. C, 1908. Air Service, Military Aeronautics. 

About to be commissioned at time of Armis- 
tice. 

Brooks, Reginald R Mont., 1914. Sgt. Flyer, Air Service, with rat- 
ing of R. M. A. A. E. F. 20 months' over- 
seas service. Ship torpedoed before reach- 
ing England. Promoted from Sergeant to 
Sergeant-Flyer. 

Bruns, T. M. Logan La., 1909. Sgt., Base Hospital No. 123, A. E. F. 

Bulkey, Edward A N. Y., 1917. (No definite information, but be- 
lieved to have been in the Service.) 

Cabell, Charles F Ky., 1914. A. E. F. (No definite further facts.) 

Carroll, Adrian M N. C, 1919. Sgt., Co. "M," 23rd Engineers, 

A. E. F. 

Carroll, Irwin A Texas, 1913. U. S. A. Died in the Service at 

College Station, Texas. 

Carter, Jr., S. Fain Texas, 1912. Air Service, U'. S. A. 

Chambers, Middleton Va., 1908. Air Service. 



Enlisted Personnel: U. S. Army (Continued) 59 

Cochran, C. F Ind., 1917. Base Hospital No. 12. A. E. F. 

Cofer, Jr., John I Va., 1916. Air Service. (Cadet Flyer). U. 

S. A. 
Compton, William B Va., 1918. Sgt., Co. "F," 104th Ammunition 

Train, A. E. F. 

Crist, Jr., George W Ala., 1920. U. S. M. A. 

Crittenden, Jr., Orlando B Miss., 1914. Air Service, U. S. A. About to 

fly when Armistice occurred. 

Curry, Robert D Mo., 1920. U. S. A. 

Cushman, Joseph R N. Y., 1915. Sgt. Co. "K," 107th Inf., 27th Div., 

A. E. F. Killed in action in France. 

Dance, Willis J Va., 1907. Private, 81st Div., U. S. A. 

Dufur. Walter M Md., 1918. 1st Sgt., Battery "F," 35th C. A., 

U. S. A. 

Dunlap, William A Va., 1907. Field Clerk, A. E. F. 

Elarley, Richard N Va., 1917. Corporal, 116th Inf., 29th Div., 

A. E. F. 
Ellerson, Douglas G Va., 1907. Sgt., 104th Ammunition Train, A. 

E. F. 
Ely, Gus Z Va., 1915. 37th Co., 10th Training Battn., 155th 

D. B., Camp Lee, U. S. A. 

Ely, Price W. Va., 1911. Sgt., Co. "A," Special Training 

Battalion, A. E. F. 

Estes, Carlton C Colo. (Special Student, 1917). U. S. A. 

Gee, W. Webb Va., 1914. Sgt., 104th Ammunition Train, A. 

E. F. 

Getzen, W. L Fla., 1915. Sgt. Base Hosp., Co. D, 306th Engi- 
neers. 

Goddard, Walter S. .... N. C, 1910. Sgt., Co. "I," 119th Inf.. 30th Div., 

A. E. F. Killed in action at Ypres, Sept. 1, 
1918. 

Goodwyn, Jr., Robert T Ala., 1920. U. S. M. A. 

Grantham, Thomas D N. C, 1918. Corp., Motor Truck Co., No. 445, 

attached to Engineer Div., M. T. C. 

Harrison, Jr., William Minn., 1919. Sgt.. Heavy Artillery, A. E. F. 

Harwood, Robert H Tenn., 1916. 1st Sgt, 2nd Tenn.-Inf., H. Q., 

Camp Sevier, U. S. A. 

Henderson, S. T N. C, 1921. U. S. A. 

Holland, Robert C Texas, 1914. Corporal, 105th Aero Squadron, 

A. E. F. In France over one year. 

Izzard, James J Va., 1917. 1st Sgt, Co. "A," 117th Inf., A. E. F. 

Jordan, J. Julian W. Va., 1910. Cavalry, U. S. A. Severely in- 
jured when en route to his Command, in 
May, 1918. 

Kester, Walden Va., 1918. 1st Sgt, 111th F. A., A. E. F. 

Kimbley, Russell B Okla., 1920. 117th Field Battn, Signal Corps, 

A. E. F. Slightly wounded in action. 

King, James F N. C, 1913. Co. "E," 54th Inf., 6th Div., A. E. 

F. With Army of Occupation. 

Kittrell, Henry J Tenn., 1916. Corporal, 117th Inf., 30th Div., 

A. E. F. Wounded in action and captured, 
but recaptured by his own Company the same 
day. 

Krentel, Fritz E Brazil, 1914. Sgt, Hdq. 22nd Engineers, U. 

S. A. 

Lawson, R. B Va., 1910. Sgt., 305th Motor Supply Train, 

A. E. F. 

Lewis, Jr., Magnus M Va., 1918. McGuire Base Hospital No. 319, 

A. E. F. 



60 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Lind, Warner E Tenn., 1910. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Lowry, Blackburn W Fla., 1920. Emergency Medical R. C, U. S. A. 

Marr, Jr., R. A Va., 1918. Top Sgt., Camp Lee, U. S. A. (Re- 
jected at O. T. School repeatedly on account 
of supposed heart trouble.) 

Martin, Donald M N. Y., 1912. 6th Battn., 153rd D. B., Camp 

Dix., U. S. A. 

Martin, William P Okla., 1917. Top Sgt., Battery "A," 16th Battn., 

F. A., U. S. A. 

Massie, Wilbur N Va., 1917. 60th C. A., A. E. P. 

Mayer, Charles L Va., 1913. Top Sgt., Inf., 10th Div., A. E. F. 

Menninger, E. J ..From Ohio. U. S. A. (Special Student, V. 

M. I., one month, 1918.) 

Meredith, Jr., Gilmer ..Mo., 1921. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Metcalfe, Fred R Miss., 1914. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Miller, William P... Ga., 1915. Hospital Base at Camp Wheeler, 

U. S. A. 

Mitchell, Samuel P..... Va., 1916. Corporal, 111th F. A., A. E. P. 

Moncure, James D Va., 1900. Sgt., U. S. A. (Before War.) 

Montgomery, Jr., Walter S...S. C, 1920. U. S. A. (No definite information 

but believed to have been in the Service.) 

Morgan, William H Va., 1917. Ambulance Div., McGuire Base 

Hospital No. 319, 80th Div., Sanitation Train 
305, A. E. F. 

Morrison, Cassell S Mo., 1912. Sgt., Co. "A," 340th Battn., Tank 

Corps, U. S. A. 

McCabe, James B Va., 1919. 1st Sgt, Engineers, U. S. A. 

McCormick, Oscar L -Va., 1914. A. E. F. 

McKinney, John N. Y., 1916. Co. "G," 105th Inf., 27th Div., 

A. E. F. Severely wounded in action. 

Newell, Ward M Va., 1920. 319th Inf., A. E. F. Ordered back 

^ to Camp Lee on account of physical dis- 
ability and, later, discharged from the Ser- 
vice on Surgeon's Certificate. 

Norton, Edwin B Ala., 1915. 326th Battalion. Tobyhanna, Pa., 

U. S. A. 

Pate, Harry L Mo., 1917. Sgt. Maj., Engineers, 89th Div., 

A. E, F. 
Patterson, Andrew S Va., 1917. Sgt., 667th Aero Squadron, Air Ser- 
vice, A. E. F. Cited for brave act by his 
Major. (Passed examination for Lieutenancy 
a few days before Armistice.) 

Patton, Julian G Va., 1921. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Pearson, Thomas J Va., 1912. Dental Base Hospital, Camp Sevier, 

U. S. A. 

Pittman, Dalton B Va., 1920. Tank Corps, U. S. A. (About to sail 

for France when Armistice occurred.) 

Polk, Isaac Hilliard Cal., 1920. U. S. M. A. 

Pritchett, Jr., John I Va., 1920. Corporal, Co. "B," 104th Supply 

Train, 29th Division, A. E. P. 

Radford, R. C. W Va., 1919. McGuire Base Hospital Unit No. 

319, A. E. P. 

Randolph, Jr., Charles C Va., 1912. 111th P. A., A. E. P. 

Rapkin, Edmund L N. J., 1919. Co. "L," 107th Inf., A. E. P. Died 

in Service in Prance. 

Raynor, Clark S.. Md., 1914. 110th P. A., 29th Div., A. E. P. 

Regester, Charles E Va., 1914. Sgt., 104th Ammunition Train, A. 

E. P. 



Enlisted Personnel: U. S. Army (Continued) 61 

Riley, William L 111., 1907. Sgt., 1st Class, 32nd Engineers, 

A. E. F. 

Robertson, B. Lynn Va., 1913. U. S. A. On duty in "Washington 

from Oct. 31 to Dec. 18, 1918. 

Roller, Charles S Va., 1901. Private and Stretcher-Bearer, 314th 

Sanitary Train, 89th Div., A. E. F. At front 
in Argonne-Meuse Offensive, and working all 
the while with American Red Cross. With 
Army of Occupation. Commissioned by the 
President of the U. S. a Captain in the Red 
Cross, on his return to the United States. 

Rosenstock, Edwin A Va., 1914. Corporal, Battery "E," 111th, F., 

A., A. E. F. 

Rothert, J. Milton Va., 1918. Battery "F," 111th F. A., A. E. F. 

Saunders, John W Miss., 1909. Infantry, 37th Div., A. E. F. One 

year in Service. Six months overseas. 

Schoen, Edward C Ga., 1917. Air Service, U. S. A. Died after 

discharge, Feb., 1920. 

Schwartz, Bryan W Pa., 1920. Ambulance Corps No. 13, A. E. F. 

Commended for bravery in action. 

Scott, Thomas B Va., 1917. 111th F. A., A. E. F. 

Scriven, Edward B Minn., 1919. Sgt., Field Remount Squadron, 

No. 334, A. E. F. 

Sebrell, Russell G Va., 1917. 117th Train H. Q., F. A., 42nd Divi- 
sion, A. E. F. 

Seelye, Jr., Thomas T N. Y., 1921. Range Sgt., M. G. Co., 53rd Inf., 

A. E. F. 

Sloan, James K Pa., 1904. 1st Class Sgt, Tank Corps, Co. "A," 

338th Battn. Instructor. Ordered overseas, 
but stopped by the Armistice. 

Smith, Charles G Mo., 1919. 1st Sgt. Base Hosp., No. 28, A. E. F. 

Smith, E. Marcus Ga., 1914. Medical Student. Member, Emer- 
gency Medical R. C. Died of influenza in 
the Service, while ministering to the stricken 
citizens of Philadelphia. 

Smith, Jr., Howard F Texas, 1909. 127th Ordnance Depot Co., Camp 

Bowie, TJ. S. A. 

Smith, Philip Ohio, 1914. 301st Water Tank Train, A. E. F. 

Smith, YvTilliam N. H N. C, 1920. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Squiers, Herbert G England, 1915.' A. E. F. (Previously a Lieu- 
tenant in B. E. F., and commanded a section 
of armored cars.) 

Stokes, Thomas A N. C, 1921. In Naval Aviation Service; later 

transferred to Army Aviation Service. Rank 
C, Q. M. 

Stone, Jr., Everett B Va., 1913. Co. "F," 4th Pioneer Inf., Camp 

Wadsworth, U. S. A. 

Stoops, Jr.. Thomas D Pa., 1915. Sgt., Ambulance Corps, A. E. F. 

Stuart. C. E Special Student, V. M. L, 1918. U. S. A. 

Stucky, Harry C Ky., 1912. Base Hospital, No. 40, A. E. F. 

Sturcke, Albert F N. Y., 1918. Co. "M," 2nd Replacement Regi- 
ment, Camp Gordon, Ga. 

Sydnor, R. Barrett Va., 1918. Sgt. In charge Post Exchange, 

U. S. A. 

Tardy, Thomas H Va., 1914. Sgt., 118th F, A., A. E. F. 

Taylor, Albert L Pa., 1910. Sgt., H. Q. Company, 110th Inf., 

28th Div., A. E. F. 

Taylor, Morgan Mo., 1908. Sgt., Q. M. Corps, A. E. F, 



62 Virginia Military Institute — ^World AVar Eecoru 

Tinsley, Benjamin F Va., 1901. Field Clerk, A. E. F. Died in the 

Service in France. 

Trisler, Jr., John L Ohio, 1909. Sgt., Mil. Intelligence Division, 

148th Div., 37th Inf., A. E. F. 

Tucker, James E Ky., 1915. Chief Mechanic, Battery "C," 55th 

F. A., U. S. A. 

Venable, Henry M W. Va., 1912. Master Engineer, 23rd Engineers, 

A. E. F. 

Walker, Richard Va., 1917. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Wallace, Lee A Va., 1915. Sgt, 39th Co., 10th Training Battn., 

155th D. B., Camp Lee, Va. (Turned down 
repeatedly at 0. T. Camps on account of phy- 
sical disability.) 

Warner, James L Mo., 1913. Company "C," 24th Battalion, U. S. 

Guards. 

Welborne, Harry B N. J., 1906. 104th Engineers, A. E. F. Slightly 

gassed in Argonne Forest. 

Welsh, Cecil T , . . . Va., 1920. Company "A," 312th Inf., A. E. F. 

Wharton, John O Texas, 1905. Accepted for Air Service, U. S. A., 

after securing a special dispensation on ac- 
count of being over age. 

Wierum, Richard F N. J., 1919. Co. "I," 107th Infantry, A. E. F. 

Wounded in action. 

Wilson, F. C Ala., 1912. Emergency Medical R. C, U. S. A. 

Woodson, John S Okla., 1919. U. S. A. 

Wool, Jr., Theodore J Va., 1920. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Wright, Richard H N. C, 1915. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Wright, Thomas D N. C, 1912. Air Service, U. S. A. 

MARINE CORPS. 

Ancker, William M Md., 1921. Private since Sept., 1918. Saw 

service in Santo Domingo against bandits. 
For conduct there recommended by his Col- 
onel for Exam, for Naval Academy, 1920. 

Armstrong, Reuben C ..Miss., 1907. Aero Section in U. S. 

Bacharach, Bertram M N. J., 1920. In U. S. - 

Benners, Archibald W: Pa., 1919. A. E. F. Killed in action in France. 

Butler, Jr., Charles N Pa., 1920. Corporal, 13th Reg., A. E. F. 

Chapin, William E Va., 1917. In U. S. 

Cole, John Va., 1917. Serving with Army, A. E. F. 

Corey, James L Ind., 1917. Corporal 83rd Co., 6th Regiment, 

A. E. F. Killed in action, July 19, 1918, at 
Chateau TTiierry. 

Dance, Powhatan R Va., 1920. A. E. F. Killed in action, Nov. 

1, 1918. 

Darby, James F Texas, 1910. A. E. F. 

Finley, Hugh P Ky., 1920. Corporal Aero Section. In U. S. 

Served as Instructor, Marine O. T. School, 
and as Asst. Adjutant and Inspector. 

Fisher, Ralph A Fla., 1907. Enlisted, but later discharged be- 
cause of broken wrist. 

Foy, Fred. H Ala., 1918. Corporal. In U. S. 

Eraser, Douglas D Va., 1916. Instructor, School, Non-Com. Officers. 

In U. S. 

Garry, Edward H Wis., 1921. Corporal, A. E. F. 18 months sea 

service on board U. S. S. Pittsburgh. 

Gibson, Holcombe D Va., 1920. Corporal. In U. S. 



Enlisted Personnel: Marine Corps (Continued) — Navy 63 

Higgins, John D Tenn., 1919. In U. S. 

Huntt, Spotswood H Va., 1918. In U. S. 

Jenkins. Jule D Va., 1919. In U. S. 

Johnston, Horace S Va., 1920. Corporal. In U. S. 

Jones, Jr., Charles A Va., 1919. A. E. F. Served with Army in 

France. Qualified as a sharpshooter. 

Keith, John W Texas, 1918. Corporal. In U. S. 

Kyle, Gordon Va., 1918. Gunnery Sgt. Finished all train- 
ing, but Armistice prevented his being com- 
missioned. 

Lamb.TsT Blair Va., 1918. A. E. F. Serving with Army in 

France. 

Lange, I^ouis G La., 1920. A. E. F. Passed three examinations 

for commission, but rejected every time be- 
cause too young. Only 19 years old, Nov. 3, 
1918, but gallantly served to the end. Com- 
piled remarkably interesting diary of service 
abroad.) 

Mahone, Thomas W Va., 1917. A. E. F. 

Mallory, Jr., F. D Texas, 1920. Private. In U. S. 

Metcalfe, Jr.. Harley Miss., 1918. In U. S. 

Miller, Charles B N. C, 1918. In U. S. 

Parker, Alexander W Va., 1918. Sgt, attached to Aero Section. 

Flying in Florida when Armistice occurred. 

Porcher, Francis D Mo., 1917. In U. S., training for Aero Service 

when Armistice occurred. 

Smith, Gilbert R 111., 1914. Corporal, A. E. F. Serving with 

Army in France. 

Spence, Elias H Va., 1918. In U. S. 

Steadman, Walter T Mich., 1910. In U. S. 

Summers, Francis L Va., 1921. In U. S. 

Swift, Carter G Va., 1919. In U. S. 

NAVY. 

Adams, T. Stokes Va., 1914. (No definite information.) 

Baldey, Charles T La., 1917. On Patrol Ship "Sunfiower." (Sa- 
bine Island, Texas.) 

Booth, C. Murray 111., 1911. Electrician, In U. S. 

Borden, Edward B N. C, 1915. Chief Yeoman. In U. S. 

Buracker, Jr., Edward M. ...Md., 1909. At Naval Training Station, Hamp- 
ton Roads, as Military Instructor. 

Clarkson, Holland W 111., 1921. 2nd Class Seaman in Reserve Force. 

Stationed at U. S. Naval Reserve School, 
Chicago. Subject to call on release. 

Cockshaw, Jr., Herbert N. Y., 1911. A. E. F. Served in Russia. 

Crittenden, George B Miss., 1916. Naval Aero Service in U. S. 

Curtis, Lloyd E Va., 1921. Ordinary Seaman. 

Dearborn, James B Ala., 1916. Official Photographer, U. S. N., 

76th Naval District, under supervision ot 
Director of Naval Intelligence Division. 

Drenneu, Donald W Ala., 1912. Student Officer in Naval Training 

School, learning to fly Dirigibles. 

Eley, Claud E Va., 1916. Chief Master-at-Arms. 

Gayle, Robert B Va., 1915. Pharmacist. In U. S. 

Graham, Joseph E Va., 1916. Chief Boatswain. (Transferred 

from 2d Lt. C. A.) 
Hafter, Charles C Miss., 1917. Apprentice Seaman, R. F. In U. S. 



64 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Hammond, Gordon Va., 1919. Quarter Master. In U. S. Com- 
mended by Secretary of Navy for heroic act 
in descending into a well filled with noxious 
gasses and rescuing a man, while at home 
on leave. 

Hitch, Rives C. W Va., 1917. Chief Petty Officer. In U. S. 

Jones, Decatur • Va., 1917. Student Aviator. Balloon Section, 

Aero Service. In U. S. 

Kennedy, W. T Tenn., 1921. Volunteer in Naval Aviation Ser- 
vice, but Armistice signed before called to 
duty. 

Kirven, Oliver C. Texas, 1920. Finished course in Gunnery, and 

ready for Sea Service, when Armistice oc- 
curred. 

Lanier, Raymond S Ky., 1911. Served on Torpedo Board Ward 

in U. S. 

L'Engle, Frank F Fla., 1916. In training for commission as En- 
sign. 

Long, Matthew R N. C, 1911. Aero Section. Training to be a 

Pilot in Heavier-than-Air Division. 

Markham, Fred S Texas, 1907. After being turned down re- 
peatedly in Army O. T. Schools, enlisted in 
Navy Training School at Great Lakes, 111. 
Later, discharged for physical disability. 

Milam, Carter Tenn., 1914. Pharmacist, 2nd Class, A. E. F. 

Died in Service in France of pneumonia. 

Miller, P. O. Va., 1922. Seaman, U. S. Navy. Later, dis- 
charged and entered V. M. I. 

Morgan, Jr., B. F Va., 1921. Chief Machinist Mate, Aero Section. 

In U. S. 

Neal, Edward F Va., 1918. Naval Aero Service in U. S. 

Price, Jr., John W Va., 1921. Midshipman, U. S. N. Academy. 

Shepperd, George F Pa., 1918. Chief Petty Officer. Attached to 

U. S. Naval Aero Section, A. E. F. 

Smith, Jr., Richard H Va., 1915. R. F. In U. S. 

Tait, Jr., Robert Va., 1910. Yeoman, 3rd Class, and candidate 

for Ensign. Was about to be commissioned 
when Armistice occurred. 

Venable, Jr., William P . . Va., 1922. Eight months in Naval Electrical 

School, Plampton Roads. 

Waggoner, Jr., William H...Mo., 1910. Yeoman, 3rd Class, U. S. N. R. F. 

Died in the Service at Great Lakes, 111., of 
pneumonia following influenza. 

ALLIED ARMIES. 

Boynton, Paul W N. Y., 1919. Enlisted in Royal Canadian Horse 

Artillery, but later discharged because under 
age. 

Converse, Alexander J Ohio, 1909. Enlisted in 48th Battn., Canadian 

Inf., British Expeditionary Force, in Feb., 
1915, and served with conspicuous gallantry 
to the end of the War. Promoted to Ser- 
geant. Severely wounded three times, but 
after leaving Hospital returned to the Front 
every time, against the protest of .the medi- 
cal authorities. Very highly commended for 
distinguished valour in action on many oc- 
casions. (He had previously served with 
great honour in the Philippines.) 



Enlisted Personnel: Allied Armies (Continued) 65 

Denny, Walter E La., 1912. Sergvsant, B. E, F. Wounded in ac- 
tion at the Somme. 

Kelly, Russell A N. Y., 1914. Color-Bearer, French Foreign Le- 
gion. Second Regt. de Marche of 1st Regt. 
Killed in action in France. Decorated before 
death. 

Loth, Jr., W. Jefferson Va., 1914. In British Expeditionary Force. 

Served with gallantry and highly commended. 
Discharged for physical disability in the line 
of duty, after three years' service, in Eng- 
land, France and Italy, under the British 
Flag. 

Money, William T Va., 1915. Sergeant, 8th Battn., Winnipeg 

Grenadiers; later, 3d Canadian Heavy Bat- 
tery, B. E. F. (Declined promotion.) Served 
with conspicuous gallantry for four years. 

Munns, Clyde S Mich., 1920. Gunner, 64th Battery, 64th Cana- 
dian F. A., B. E. F. 5 weeks in Canada and 
48 weeks overseas. 

Owens, B. B N". C, 1914. Corporal, First Royal Fusiliers, 

and in 79th M. G. Battn., from June, 1915, to 
the end of the War. Severely wounded twice, 
and awarded the British Military Cross. 

Todd, Thomas Md., 1901. With B. E. F. 



66 Virginia Military Institute — World War Kecord 



CANDIDATES FOR COMMISSION. 

CAMP TAYLOR. 

[It is believed that some of the candidates in the Officers' Training Camps 
below received commissions; but if so, no report of the fact has been made.] 

Billups, Ford L Texas, 1911. (Previously, Sgt., 1st Class, Air 

Service, U. S. A.) 

Dilley, Edward S Ark., 1914. 

Gilliam, Jr.. James R Va., 1910. 

Potts, Jr., John D Va., 1919. 

Urqnhart, Whitmel H Va., 1903. 

Smith, Robert L Mo., 1908. 

Caffee, Mahlon W Mo. 1906. Died in Service. 

Sale, Jr., E. Ashton Va., 1919. 

Winston, William A N. Y., 1920. 

Derryberry, Jr., Marshall E.Tenn., 1920. 

Morton. Theodore F Texas, 1919. 

Jordan, Jr.. J. C Va., 1920. 

Jones, Jr.. W. D Fla., 1920. 

Groover, Paul Ga., 1920. 

Craighill. Dabney H Va., 1920. 

Hardy, Jr., Will H Texas, 1920. 

Paxton, W. Coalter ....... Va., 1920. 

Parrott. John C Va., 1920. 

Parker, Willard N Va., 1920. 

Herring, Frank L Miss., 1920. 

Litzenberger, Levin M Ind., 1920. 

Barrett, Jr., Frank M Va., 1921. 

Clarke, N. K Ga., 1921. 

Craig, John E Va., 1921. 

Robinson, James K. E Va., 1921. 

Slack, Tom A Texas, 1920. 

Shackelford, Jr., William C. Ala., 1919. 

Parsons, Stuart O Mo., 1921. 

McFall, Jr., James C Va., 1919. 

Murrell, George M La., 1920. 

Hughes, Charles E Va., 1920. 

Hardy, Jr., George W La., 1920. 

Benners, Jr., Thomas H Ala., 1920. 

Davidson, Richard P D. C, 1921. 

Davis. T. Calvin Va., 1920. 

Hawkins, Howard B W. Va., 1920. 

Recker, Max R Ind., 1921. 

Strother, Henry S Va., 1921. 

Roberts, Littleton S Va., 1920. 

Wallace, Charles Va., 1920. 

Potts, Jr.. Morton W Texas, 1920. 

Luck, Jr., Charles S Va., 1920. 

Kennon, Aphby R Va., 192L 

Polk, E. Winfield Ark., 1921. 

Arrington, William A Va., 1920. 

Broaddus. Francis C Texas, 1920. 

Satterfield, Frederick M. . . . Va., 1920. ' 

Dillard, William E Va., 1912. (Corporal.) 



Candidates for Commission (Continued) 67 

CAMP PIKE. 

Wenderoth, Collier Ark., 1910. 

Gordon, John M Texas, 1907. 

CAMP LEE. 

Sullivan, Joseph J Va., 1919. 

Addison, William M Va., 1919. 

Branch, Alpheus N. C, 1919. 

Gill, Edward H Va., 1919. 

Montjoy, Lynn Miss., 1919. 

Jones, Thomas D Va., 1919. 

Franklin, Jack R Va., 1919. '' 

Pfeifler, John H Mich., 1919. 

Young, Hoge D. W Va., 1919. 

Casey, B. Weldon Va., 1918. 

Quigley, E. Matthews 111., 1919. 

Hurt, Jr.. Henry A Texas, 1919. 

Wills, Jr., Waller G Va., 1919. 

Wimberley, Benjamin B N. C, 1919. 

Mertz, Oscar L Texas, 1919. 

Wilkinson, Jr., William H. Va., 1919. 

Jennings, William L Va., 1919. 

Butler, Edward L La., 1919. 

Keezell, Nathaniel H Va., 1919. 

Williamson, Jr., Thomas S. .Va., 1919. 

Thompson, James M Texas, 1919. 

Cheyne, William E Va., 1919. 

Ross, George E Va., 1904. Discharged for physical disability 

just before graduating. Died March 3, 1920. 

Nash, James H W. Va., 1907. 

Miller, A. Erskine Va., 1901. 

Read, Hernando M Texas, 1916. 

Cohoon, Thomas J Va., 1919. (Univ. of Va. Unit.) 

Rutherford, Sgt. James B Pa., 1914. Infantry Replacement Troop, 40th 

Co., C. O. T. S. Enlisted, July 25, 1918. 

Ruehrmund, Max E Va., 1911. 

Homes, Peter P Va., 1912. Died in Service. 

FORT MONROE. 

Drennen, Charles W Ala., 1919. 

Marchant, Bernard W Va., 1919. 

Van Wagenen, Jr., Frederick Va., 1919. 

Kimberly, Harry H Va., 1921. 

Pendleton, Nat. W Va., 1921. 

Bancroft, Thomas C Texas, 1919. 

Roberdeau, Horace L Texas, 1919. 

Hairston, Jr., Robert N. C, 1920. 

Nurney, J. W Va., 1920. 

Barrett, Frank S Va., 1919. 

Green, Alfred A Fla., 1917. 

Alvis, Raymond Va., 1920. 

WASHINGTON. D. C. (AVIATION SCHOOL). 

Norvell, Jr., Lipscomb Texas, 1920. 

Gibson, M. L Va., 1921. 

Graham, Andrew H Va., 1920. 



68 Virginia Military Institute— World War Record 

Berry, Marshall K Texas, 1921. 

JefEeries, Edward S N. Y., 1920. 

Trevillian, J. W Va., 1922. 

Johnston, Walton B W. Va., 1921. 

GETTYSBURG, PA. 
Henshaw, Seth B W. Va., 1918. 

PLATTSBURG, N. Y. 

Taylor Fred. M N. C, 1919. 

Haskell, T. Sheafe Vt.. 1907. Died in Service. 

Harper, James B Va., 1921. (R. 0. T. C, V. M. I., June, 1918. 

Ordered to 0. T. C, Camp Lee, Nov. 13, 1918. 

Order revoked. 
Clarke, Ashton W Va., 1921. Rejected, acct. phys. disability. 

CAMP HANCOCK. 

Payne, Jr., James M W. Va., 1906. 

Dillon, Jr., Edward Va., 1919. 

FORT SHERIDAN. 
Clarkson, Clifford C 111., 1915. 

CAMP KEARNY. 

Morrison, Sgt. Frank L Texas, 1917. (Turned down at 0. T. School 

repeatedly from 1917, but finally admitted.) 

CAMP JOSEPH E. JOHNSTON. 
Mayer, Eugene N Va., 1912. Died in Service. 

CAMP FREMONT. 

Camp, Sgt. Oilman L Mont.. 1911. lG6th Depot Brigade in U. S. A. 

CAMP GORDON. 

Smoot, Charles C Va., 1906. 

Yeatman, Sgt. Charles E Va., 1917. (Formerly in Engineers, U. S. A.) 

CAMP GRANT. 
Parsons, Joseph W Va., 1919 

UNKNOWN CAMPS. 

Lewis, John D W. Va., 1906. 

Kinder, Warren L Del., 1907. (In Arizona.) 

Landau, Sidney Mo., 1914. 

Wilkins, Irvin C Va., 1919. 

Garth, W. Willis Ala., 1905. 

Gill, Richard S Va., 1919. 

Lasker, Henry M Texas, 1900. (Previously Manager, Publicity 

Bureau, National War Savings Commission, 

Washington.) 



S. A. T. C, 



69 



STUDENTS' ARMY TRAINING CORPS, 



Abel, H. B 

Adams, Jr., J. B... 

Addison, G. D 

Adkins, H, T 

Agnor, G. L 

Airth, W. S. ....... 

Alt, G. T 

Amiss, Jr., F. T. .. 
Anderson, C. E. ... 

Arens, R. M • 

Ayres, J. C 



...N. Y., 1922 

Va., 1920 

Va., 1921 

Va., 1921 

Va., 1922 

Fla., 1922 

Va., 1921 

Va., 1922 

Va., 1922 

Ind., 1922 

Va., 1921 



Badgett, J. M 

Bain, Jr., K. A. . 
Balfour, Jr., C. H. 

Ballon, J. W 

Barker, C. C 

Barrow, Jr., F. P. 

Barry, N. G 

Bartenstein, L. R. 

Battle, J. M 

Beasley, Jr., J. W. 
Bennett, G. M. ... 

Berman, G. 

Berry, D. W., . .i. 

Blake, O. 

Blanford, I. I 

Bletcher, Jr., F. O. 
Boatwright, J. L. . 
Boiling, R. W. ... 

Bond, A. J 

Bond, Jr., R. N. . 
Booker, Jr., H. R. 
Bowles, Jr., J. C. . 
Briggs, Jr., R. C. • 

Brittle, P. N 

Brockenbrough, Jr. 



Brooks, Jr., J. K.. 
Brown, H. C. ... 
Bruner, F. D. P. . 
Bryan, Jr., B. M. 

Bryan, C. J 

Bryson, J. E 

Buch, G. R 

Bullington, Jr., R. 
Bunting, Jr., J. . . 
Burdeau, Jr., J. 



Va., 

Va., 

Va., 

N. C, 

Va., 

Va., 

Ky., 

Va., 

Va., 

Va., 

Va., 

Va., 

Texas, 

N. Y., 

Va., 

. . .Canada, 

Va., 

Va., 

Va., 

... .Tenn., 

Va., 

Va., 

Texas, 

Va., 

, Austin, 

Va., 

Texas, 

Ala., 

Va., 

La., 

N. C, 

Ga., 

.... ...Va., 

McC.Va., 

Va., 

Va., 



1922 
1922 
1921 
1921 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1922 
1922 
1922 
1921 
1922 
1921 
1921 
1922 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1921 
1919 
1922 
1921 
1921 
1922 

1921 
1922 
1922 
1921 
1920 
1921 
1922 
1922 
1921 
1922 
, 1922 



Cabell, M. N Va., 1922 

Campbell, Jr., A. M Va., 1922 

Campbell, T. P Tenn., 1921 

Carroll, Jr., E. L Va., 1922 

Carter, Jr., A. B Va., 1921 

Casey, J. F Va., 1921 



Caswell, W. D Ohio, 

Gates, McF. L S. C, 

Christian, H. T. . . . Va., 

Clark, E. M Va., 

Clark, W. A Texas, 

Coleman, M. R. . , Okla., 

Comegys, Jr., E. F Texas, 

Connally, M. H Fla., 

Conway, Jr., E. R Ky., 

Cooke, H. H W. Va., 

Core, J. T Va., 

Crockett, J. F Va., 

Crockett, Jr., Wm. S....Okla., 

(Oklahoma Univ.) 
Cutchins, Jr., Sol Va., 



1921 
1921 
1921 
1922 
1921 
1921 
1920 
1921 
1919 
1921 
1922 
1921 
1915 

1921 



Dabney, R. L Texas, 1922 

Davis, N. B Fla., 1920 

Bearing, A. W W, Va., 1921 

DeBardeleben, D Tenn., 1921 

DeShazo, J. S Va., 1920 

Dickerson, H. W Va., 1921 

Dickson, R. F Va., 1921 

Dickson, R. R W. Va., 1921 

Dixon, William H N. C, 1917 

(S. A. T. C, Jeff. Med. Coll. 
Later, M. D.) 

Dorsey, A. H Hi-. 1922 

Dudley, H. E Va., 1920 

Dunseth, J. F Texas, 1921 

Echols, R Va., 1921 

Elliott, R. F N. C, 1921 

Estes, J. S Va., 1921 

Evans, T. B Va., 1921 



Fain, J. C 

Fairlamb, W. F 

Fentress, T. S 

Ferguson, Jr., J. W.. 

Fletcher, E. L 

Follett, J. D 

Fontana, Jr., A. W.. 

Fowler, E. H 

Fuller, W. A 

Fullton, J. M 



..Okla., 1921 

Va., 1920 

....Va., 1922 
..N. C, 1922 
....Va., 1921 

Pa., 1922 

..N. Y., 1922 

Pa., 1921 

Va., 1921 

Ala., 1921 



Gaillard, C. C Texas, 1920 

Gallalee, R. M Va., 1921 

Galleher, J. F Va., 1921 

Gallman, Jr., O. T S. C, 1920 

Gilbert, C. B La., 1921 

Gills, J. B Va., 1922 

Gleason, H. C Va., 1921 

Cleaves, C. B Va.. 1921 



70 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 



Goodall, Y. H Ala., 1920 

Gray, Jr., G. T Va., 1922 

Greathead, Jr., R. N Va., 1921 

Green, F. K Va., 1920 

Greene, J. F D. C, 1921 

Gridley, W. G N. Y., 1921 

Grymes, W. R Va., 1922 

Hagan. J. C Va., 1921 

Hagner, T. W. S Md., 1921 

Hairston, J. J Va., 1922 

Halsey, Seth C Va., 1897 

(Denver University) 

Hamilton, F. T. Ala., 1921 

Hardy, F. B Va., 1920 

Harman, Jr., A. W Va., 1921 

Harper, J. S Texas, 1922 

Harriss, S. G Va., 1920 

Harwood, Jr., E. E Tenn., 1921 

Haskell, J. C Va., 1920 

Hatton, Jr., E. A Va., 1922 

Hawkins, Jr., S. A W. Va., 1920 

Hill, J. M Texas, 1921 

Hoge, C. E Ky., 1920 

Honaker, C. F W. Va., 1922 

Hopkins, A. F Va., 1921 

Hopkins, L. R Va., 1922 

Huff, Jr., C. W Va., 1922 

Humphreys, C. K Pa., 1922 

Ingram, D. T Va., 1921 

Ireys, III, H. T .Ky., 1920 

Irvine, W. H Va., 1922 

Jackson, Jr., M. C Va., 1920 

Johnston, E. M W. Va., 1921 

Jones, C. W Va., 1»21 

Jcnes, H Texas, 1921 

Jones, J. H Ga., 1921 

Jones, Jr., John W Va., 1921 

Jones, Jr., W. P D. C, 1921 

Jordan, J. H Mo., 1921 

Josey, Jr., J. E Texas, 1920 

Kane, F. C Ohio, 1921 

Kellam, H. S Va., 1921 

Kelly, P. R Texas, 1922 

Kerlin, W. C Va., 1920 

Kinnear, Jr., W. A Va., 1922 

Kirwan, J. McG Md., 1921 

Klapp, E. M. K Pa., 1921 

Knapp. Jr., J. W Va., 1921 

Knight, Jr., B. M Va., 1922 

Kraft. R. W Va., 1922 

Laine. E. R Va., 1921 

Land, H. C Va., 1921 

Larew, Jr., R. P Va., 1921 

La Rue, R. H Kansas, 1922 

Lauck, E. W Va., 1921 



Lewis, Jr., Yancev ....Texas, 1919 

Lynch, Jr., G. P..' Va., 1922 

Lyons, M. H Ala., 1920 

Maclin, Jr., H Va., 1922 

Macrae, E. B N. Y., 1922 

Mann, J. C Miss. 1920 

Mann., J. H. C Va., 1921 

Marshall, J. P Va., 1919 

Martin, L. R D. C, 1921 

Mason, S. A Va., 1921 

Massingham, R. S Pa., 1922 

Massingham, Jr., S. H Pa., 1922 

Masury, A. J. M Va., 1921 

Matthews, H. F. McG Fla., 1922 

Maxwell, R. O Va., 1921 

Meech, R. W Va., 1921 

Meech, S. M Va., 1921 

Mendel, Ernest J Ark., 1921 

(Univ. Ark.) 

Merson, D Va., 1921 

Millner, H. V Va., 1921 

Milton, Jr., W. H N. C., 1920 

Moncure, Jr., J. A Va., 1919 

Monroe, U. D Texas, 1921 

Monroe, Jr., E. R. Va., 1920 

Monroe, Jr., W. D D. C., 1921 

Montague, Jr., F. L Va., 1920 

Moore, B. T Va., 1921 

Moore, L. A N. D., 1921 

Morrison, G. E Va., 1922 

Morse, George A Minn., 1911 

Univ. of Minn., Oct., 1918, on re- 
turn from Honduras. About to 
enter O. T. School, Fort Riley, 
when Armistice occurred. 

Munson, H. H Va., 1920 

Murphey, P. B. B Ga., 1921 

Myers, Jr., C. T W. Va., 1922 

McCaddon, S. G N. Y., 1921 

McClain, J Pa., 1922 

McCord. W. J Mo., 1921 

McCuistion, H. P Texas, 1921 

McDavid, C. J Ala., 1921 

McEachin, Jr., T. C Fla., 1919 

McKellar, G Texas, 1921 

McMillan, M. H Okla., 1921 

Nicholson, C. P Va., 1921 

Norman, R. G Va., 1922 

Orme, Jr., A. J Ga., 1921 

Owsley, H Texas, 1921 

Pace, H. L Va.. 1922 

Parkinson, E. B, Va., 1921 

Pate, R. McC ....Va., 1921 

Patton, W. R S. C., 1921 

Patton, W. Y Fla., 1922 

Paxton, P. L Va., 1921 



S. A. T. C. (Continued) 



71 



Payne, Jr., J. B La., 1921 

Peebles, Jr., W. S Va., 1921 

Peed, S. B Va., 1922 

Pennybacker, J. E D. C, 1921 

Perkinson, W. M Va., 1922 

Philp, W. H Texas, 1922 

Powell, G. V Va., 1921 

Price, III, W. J Md., 1921 

Purcell, J. A Va., 1922 

Rahily, W. J Va., 1922 

Reese, C. B Va., 1921 

Rhudy, R. R Va., 1922 

Ribble, J. M Va., 1921 

Rice, G. S Va., 1922 

Richardson, J. E Okla., 1921 

Richardson, R. P Va., 1921 

Ridgely, Jr., R. M. Md., 1922 

Ripley, Jr., F. E Texas, 1920 

Roberts, W. T. S Va., 1920 

Robertson, Jr., J. J Va., 1921 

Robinson, C. R Va., 1922 

Ross, B. W Mont, 1922 

Russell, S N. Y., 1921 

Sauer, Jr., C. F. Va., 1921 

Scott, W. W. Okla., 1921 

Sebring, E. E Ohio, 1921 

Sedwick, J. H Texas, 1921 

Semans, J. T Pa., 1921 

Shipley, H. V Pa., 1922 

Smith, B. H Mont, 1921 

Smith, C. K N. C, 1922 

Smith, Jr., E. A Ala., 1921 

Smith, J. T Texas, 1921 

Smith, T. W Ala., 1921 

Smith, Jr., W. D Ala., 1921 



Spindle, T. H Va., 1922 

Spratt T. G Va., 1922 

Starke, Jr., H. M Va., 1921 

Strawn, Bethel L Texas, 1920 

Stroud, W. S Miss., 1921 

Sydnor, Harold Va., 1920 

Syme, S. A D. C, 1921 

Tate, W. C. Va.. 1921 

Taylor, R. W N. C, 1921 

Thompson, R. C W. Va., 1921 

Tilley, G. S Va., 1920 

TiUmaa, S. B Ala., 1922 

Turley, J. C W. Va.. 1921 

Turman, S. B .Fla., 1920 

Turner, H. McD Va., 1920 

Tyler, Jr., H. G Va., 1921 

Vaden, T. H Va., 1923 

Van Syckel, Jr., R. E Pa., 1921 

Vaughan, F. F Va., 1921 

Venable, R. R Va., 1922 

Waldo, G. E Fla., 1922 

Wales, T. S Va., 1922 

Waters, W. E. Ky.. 1921 

Weaver, R. C Va., 1921 

Welton, R. H. B Va., 1921 

Wenger, R. A Va., 1921 

Wessells, S. A Va., 1921 

White, E. V Va., 1922 

Wilson, W. Y Tenn., 1921 

Winfree, R. N Va., 1921 

Withers, Jr., N. R Va., 1919 

Womeldorf, L ...Texas, 1921 

Woodall, J. C N. C, 1922 



Note. The S. A. T. C. of the V. M. I. numbered 91 more men than are 
given above who were commissioned, or entered Officers' Training Schools, 
and whose names are given elsewhere in this book. 



72 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



DECORATIONS. 

Capt. Fred. W. Adams Mo., 1909. D. S. C. and Croix de Guerre. Con- 
tinues in the Service. 

1st Lt. Tliomas D. Amory Del., 1916. D. S. C. (posthumously). Killed 

in action. 

Capt. A. D. Barksdale Va., 1911. D. S. C, Croix de Guerre, and Le- 
gion of Honour. 

Col. E. M. Blake S. C, 1885. Legion of Honour. 

1st Lt. Foster V. Brown, Jr.. . Tenn., 1912. Croix de Guerre with Palm 

Lt. Col. James McK. Browii..Ky., 1907. (B. E. P.) D. S. O. (British.) 

Capt. Withers A. Burress Va., 1914. Chevaliera di Coronna d'ltalia and 

La Solidaridad (Panama). 

1st Lt. Franklin W. Carter. . . Va., 1912. D. S. C. 

1st Lt. J. Rives Childs Va., 1912. Decorated by the Jugo-Slavic Gov- 
ernment in August, 1919. 

Capt. Fred. W. Clarke, Jr Ga., 1917. Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

Major Joseph T. Clement S. C, 1906. Croix de Guerre. 

Col. C. C. Collins Va., 1892. Companion of the Order of St, 

Michael and St. George. 

Capt. Robert Y. Conrad Va., 1905. D. S. C. (posthumously). Killed in 

action. 

Capt. Samuel C. Gumming. .. Va., 1917. Croix de Guerre with two Silver 

Stars. 

Med. Dir. Chas. M. DeVaIin..S. C, 1888. Navy Cross and C. B. E. (By 

Prince of Wales). 

Major A. Wood Dillard Md., 1913. D. S. C. 

Lt. Col. J. W. Downer Va., 1902. D. S. C, Croix de Guerre with Palm 

and Chevalier of Legion of Honour. 

1st Lt. James H. Drake, Jr...Va., 1901. British Military Cross, and recom- 
mended for V. C. Died from effects of 
wounds. 

Capt. John D. Ewing La., 1913. Croix de Guerre. 

Major Louis A. Falligant Ga., 1909. Order of Dio Saint Mauriceo et 

Lazario and entitled to wear three stars 
on his ribbon. 

Capt. Coke Flannagan N. Y., 1913. Croix de Guerre with Silver Star. 

Lt. Col. L. T. Gerow .Va., 1911. Chevalier, Legion d'Honneur. 

Capt. Gustave R. Gerson Texas, 1912. (Medical Corps.) British Cross. 

Wounded in action. 

Col. L. R. Gignilliat Ga., 1895. Legion of Honour. 

Col. S. R. Cleaves Va., 1898. D. S. M., Croix de Guerre and Le- 
gion of Honour, and recommended by Com- 
mander-in-Chief to be a Brigadier General. 

Major Thomas T. Handy Va., 1914. D. S. C. and Croix de Guerre. 

Lt. Comd'r William K. 
Harrill (Navy) Tenn., 1912. Navy Cross. 

Capt. Jack S. Hart Texas, 1917. Medal of Honour, D. S. C, Croix 

de Guerre and Navy Cross. 

Major Jack Hastie, Jr Wash., 1912. Croix de Guerre. 

Lt. R. J. Howard Mo., 1914. Victoria Gross. Killed in action in 

France. 

IstLt.CatesbyApC. Jones. .. Va., 1913. Order of the Crown. (By King of 

Belgium.) 



Decoeations (Continued) 73 

Color-BearerRussell A. Kelly.N. Y., 1914. 1st Regt., Foreign Legion. After 

two years' service, for his second act of 
valour, he, as a mem, of his regt., was deco- 
rated with the "Fourragere" band. 

Brig. Gen. Chas.E.Kilbourne. D. C, 1894. D. S. C, D. S. M. and Croix de 

Guerre. 

1st Lt. Clarke O. Kimberly. . . Va., 1915. Croix de Guerre. 

Lt. Com. Ogden D. King....N. C, 1909. Asst. Surgeon, U. S. Navy; with 

Marines. D. S. C. and Navy Cross. 

Major Matthew H. Kingman. Iowa, 1913. Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

Col. Morris E. Locke Ohio, 1899. D. S. M. and Legion of Honour. 

1st Lieut. S. A. Loughridge. . Ky., 1904. Two British Decorations. 

Col. George C. Marshall, Jr. .. Pa., 1901. D. S. M., Croix de Guerre with 

Palm, Legion of Honour, Order of the Crown 
of Italy, Order of St. Maurice et Lazarus, and 

Brig. Genl. Richard C. Order of La Solidaridad. 

Marshall, Jr ...Va., 1898. D. S. M. 

Capt. Horatio P. Mason, Jr... Va., 1917. Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

Capt. Nathaniel H. Massie... Va., 1916. Croix de Guerre with Silver Star. 

1st Lt. J. C. Miller, Jr W. Va., 1916. D. S. C. and Croix de Guerre. 

Capt. Morgan R. Mills, Jr Va., 1917. Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

Col. Aristides Moreno N. Y., 1899. D. S. M.; D. S. O. (British); 

Legion of Honour (French); Order of the 
Crown (Belgian); Order of the Crown (Ita- 
lian) ; Order of Solidaridad (Panama) ; and 
Order of the White Eagle (Serbian). 

Capt. George G. Munce Va., 1914. Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

1st Lt. John M. McClellan . . . Va., 1916. Croix de Guerre (posthumously). 

1st Lt. Alexander McClintock. .Ky., 1913. British Military Cross. Died from 

effects of wounds. 

Lt, Col. Donald M. McRae. , . . D. C, 1912. British Military Cross (pinned on 

by King George). Cited three times. 

Capt. Charles P. Nash W. Va., 1917. D. S. C. 

Capt. James A. Nelms....... Va., 1917. Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star. 

Corporal B. B. Owens N. C, 1914. British Military Cross. 

Major Victor Parks, Jr Va., 1915. Croix de Guerre and a second French 

Decoration. American Ace with 8 Enemy 
Planes ofRcially placed to his credit. 3 Cita- 
tions from U. S., and one from French Gov- 
ernment. 

Col. George S. Patton Calif., 1907. D. S. C. and D. S. M. 

Capt. Allan C. Perkinson. . . . Va., 1914. Croix de Guerre. 

Col. Philip B. Peyton Va., 1901. D. S. M. (TVice.) 

Lt. Comd'r O. M. Read, Jr S. C, 1909. Navy Cross. 

1st Lt. Washington Reed Va., 1912. D. S. C, Croix de Guerre and Le- 
gion of Honour. 

1st Lt. R. Barnwell Rh.ett...S. C, 1910. British Military Cross. 

Capt. J. N. C. Richards Va., 1914. D. S. C. (posthumously). Killed 

in action. 

1st Lt. Walter A. Richards. . Va., 1913. D. S. C. 

Capt. Fielding S. Robinson. . . Va., 1917. Croix de Guerre. 

Brig. Gen. Samuel D. Va., 1889. D. S. M.; Croix de Guerre; Legion 

Rockenbach of Honour, and Order of the Bath. 

2nd Lt. Kiffin Y. Rockwell. ..N. C, 1912. Franco-American Flying Corps. 

Awarded Military Medal for shooting down a 
German machine near Hartmanswieler-Kopf. 
He was also given the Croix de Guerre with 
four Palms, for the four magnificent Cita- 
tions he had received in the Order of the 
Army. 



74 Virginia Military Institute— World War Eecord 

Gapt. Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr. Va., 1917. D. S. C, Croix de Guerre, and Navy 

Cross. 

Capt. Horace L. Smith, Jr...Va., 1915. D. S. C. 

2nd Lt. Vernon L. Somers. . . Va., 1915. D. S. C. and Navy Cross. 

Capt. George A. Speer Ga., 1912. British Military Cross. 

Maj. Rutherford H. Spessard . Va., 1915. D. S. C. and Croix de Guerre. 

Commander Adolphus Staton.N. C, 1900. Navy Cross. 

1st Lt. G. 0. Thompson Texas, 1918. Croix de Guerre. 

Col. Edmund C. Waddill Va., 1903. D. S. C. 

Capt. Edward L. Wells S. C, 1907. D. S. C. (twice) and Croix de 

Guerre (both posthumously). Killed in ac- 
tion. 

Capt. Thomas S. Whiting Va., 1917. Croix de Guerre with Palm. 

Lt. Col. Jchn S. Williams Va., 1904. Awarded the Cross of OfRcier, Ordre 

de la Couronne by King Albert of Belgium 
for valuable services rendered the Common 
Cause. 

Capt. Rogers M. Wilson Ga., 1911. D. S. C. 

Col. Charles D. Winn . Ky., 1893. D. S. M. 

Lt. Col. J. C. Wise Va., 1902. Received the appointment of "Gren- 
adier, Regiment de Zuzey," while serving 
with the French in action. Later, awarded 
D. S. C. 

Major Rice M. Youell Va., 1914. D. S. C, Croix de Guerre with 2 

Palms, and Legion of Honour, and one 
Corps Citation. 

Total: 79 who received 126 Decorations; but the list is probably incomplete. 



Citations and Recommendations 



75 



CITATIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. 

(Other than those accompanying Decorations.) 



H. G. Albert. 



1st Lt. Gail H. Alexander. 



Major Edward M. Almond. 



1st Lt. J. Favre Baldwin. 



Private Alden Bell. 



Priv. Archibald W. Bennera 



1st Lt. George T. Blackford 



Sgt. Flyer Reginald R. 
Brooks 



. Md., 1907. Recommended for grade of Major, 
but not called into active service because of 
blindness in one eye, caused by explosion of 
a mine, in line of duty, Apl. 6, 1917. 

. Va., 1899. Killed in action. Aug, 7, 1918. Com- 
, mended for absolute fearlessness and devo- 
tion to duty. "He ever exposed himself to 
save his men." 

• Va., 1915. Captain commanding Company 
"A," 12th M. G. Battalion. For distinguish- 
ed gallantry at Vesle River (where he was 
wounded) he was promoted to grade of 
Major. 

. Texas, 1912. Surgeon, "Royal Fusiliers," B. E. 
F. Killed in action, Aug. 7, 1918. Com- 
mended by his Battalion Commander for con- 
spicuous bravery and utter self-abnegation 
in the discharge of his duty. His last letter 
to his doting parents (he was an only child), 
written the night before his death, is a beau- 
tiful classic, breathing, as it does, the loft- 
iest sentiments of filial love and reverence, 
pure patriotism and resignation to the Di- 
vine Will. A distinguished graduate of three 
institutions, he had just begun the practice 
of his profession wheia he felt that his ser- 
vices were needed in the World War, and has- 
tened to France and joined the British Ex- 
peditionary Force in October, 1917, 

.Va., 1880. Volunteer at 57 years of age, 116th 
Inf., and 104th Engineers, A. E. F. Given 
letters by his Commanders praising him 
highly for his patriotism and gallantry in 
action. (Seriously gassed and blinded for 
four months.) 

. Pa., 1919. U. S. M. C. Killed in action. Com- 
mended for distinguished bravery and de- 
votion to duty, ready and willing to serve as 
a private soldier and to give his life for his 
Country. (His parents' only child.) 

. Va., 1901. Engineers, A. E. F. Recommended 
five times for grade of Captain and twice for 
that of Major for gallant services during 
twenty-six months' overseas duty in com- 
mand of detachments numbering sometimes 
as many as 3,500 men. Also received French 
Citation by Commanding General. 
Mont., 1914. Air Service, A. E. F. Rating 
R. M. A. Twenty months' overseas service, 
and highly commended for gallantry and 
efficiency. 



76 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



1st Lt. Geo. T. Burdeau, Jr.. Mo., 1911. Cited for gallantry in Order from 

Base Headquarters No. 2, A. E. F. 

1st Lt. Claude R. Cammer. .. Va., 1915. Cited for distinguished gallantry 

while in command of his M. G. Company. 
Disabled permanently by wounds. 

Lt. Col. Arthur G. Campbell. . Va., 1906. Commended for distinguished gal- 
lantry and efficiency as a Battery Commander 
in action, and promoted and placed on Gen- 
eral Staff in U. S. He had been detailed as 
Adjutant, but when his battery went into its 
first action he was called back to command it. 

Lt. Col. Hardee Chambliss. . Ala., 1894. Commended for scientific ability 

and distinguished services while command- 
ing Nitrate Plant No. 1, at Sheffield, Ala. 

1st Lt J. Rives Childs Va., 1912. Distinguished as Radio Intelligence 

Officer, A. E. F., and selected as one of the 
Military Committee sitting with the Ameri- 
can Peace Commission. Served frequently 
with British and French Headquarters. Es- 
pecially commended by General Nolan for his 
work on Enemy Ciphers, who said his report 
on German Military Ciphers "will undoubt- 
edly prove to be of great value, both as an 
historical record and as a text-book for train- 
ing specialists." 

Capt. Camlllus Christian, Jr. Va., 1914. Cited for conspicuous gallantry at 

Argonne Forest and promoted, and detailed 
to Military Committee of the American Peace 
Commission. 

Capt. Fred. W. Clarke, Jr Ga., 1917. Recommended for D. S. C. for gal- 
lantry near Vierzy, July 19, 1918. (Re- 
ceived Croix de Guerre. 

Capt. James E. Cole, Jr Va., 1917. Cited for gallantry at both St. 

Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives. 

Col. Christopher C. Collins. .. Va., 1892. Medical Corps, A. E. F. Repeat- 
edly commended "for conspicuous and dis- 
tinguished services in the administration of 
Base Hospital No. 18 (the first to go over- 
seas) which was declared to be the most 
completely arranged, most sanitary and best 
conducted Hospital in the American Army. 
(Decorated by the British Government.) 

MaJ. Charles J. Collins. ..... Fla., 1916. Commended by his superior officers 

for exceptional valour and ability. 

Sergeant Alexander J. Con- Ohio, 1909. B. E. F. Commended for heroic 

verse conduct in action by his Commanding Officer 

who died before he could urge his promotion 
as intended. 

Col. Harry N. Cootes Va., 1896. Cited for meritorious and distin- 
guished services at both St. Mihiel and Arras, 
in both Division and G. H. Q. Orders. 

Corporal James L. Corey Ind., 1917. U. S. M. C. Instantly killed in ac- 
tion at Chateau Thierry, June 10, 1918. Com- 
mended in highest terms for conspicuous 
valour. 

Capt. Daniel L. Coulbourn. .. Va., 1913. Recommended for promotion to 

grade of Major, but Armistice prevented 
promotion. 



Citations and Recommendations (Continued) 



77 



Lt. Col. William Couper. 



Major H. I. T. Creswell. 



Capt. Samuel C. Gumming. 



Private Powhatan R. Dance. 



Capt. George P. Dashiell. 



Capt. Edward T. Davant. 



Capt. Ralph M. Davenport. . 

1st Lt. James H. Drake, Jr.. 
Capt. Charles A. Etheridge. 

1st Lt. James H. Ewell, Jr.. 



1st Lt. John H. Fechheimer. 



Capt. Coke Flannagan 



Capt. Willis A. Garvey. 



. Va., 1904. Commended for valuable and dis- 
tinguished services as Officer in Charge of 
construction of camps, cantonments, etc., in 
the Construction Division of the Army. 

. Calif., 1913. Commended for distinguished gal- 
lantry in command of certain Companies of 
his Battalion at the capture of Cantigny, 
where his services were not required. 

. Va., 1917. Cite'l for extraordinary heroism in 
last great battle of the War. Awarded Croix 
de Guerre by French Government. 
Va., 1920. U. S. M. C. Killed in action, Nov. 
1, 1918. He was so impatient for overseas 
service that he sailed for the front before 
completing his term at the Officers' Training 
School, and made the Supreme Sacrifice a 
few weeks after reaching France. Commend- 
ed for devotion to duty and superb bravery. 
Va., 1919. Commended for extraordinary gal- 
lantry in all the major engagements, to the 
day he was killed, near Souppy, Nov. 10, 
1918. 

. Va., 1911. Cited for distinguished gallantry 
at Sommerance, Nov. 1, 1918, by Brig. Gen. 
Brett, when, though seriously wounded him- 
self, he fearlessly exposed himself, reorgan- 
ized the attack on machine-guns and directed 
it successfully until the Enemy's position was 
taken. 
Col., 1911. Highly commended for gallantry 
in action in the Chateau TTiierry Salient, 
where he was wounded and received promo- 
tion. 

Va., 1901. B. E. F. Highly commended by his 
Battalion Commander. 

Va., 1915. U. S. M. C. Highly commended for 
bravery in action in Chateau Thierry Sector, 
June-July, 1918. (Then a Lieutenant.) 

Texas, 1909. A. E. F. Highly distinguished 
as the first American Anti-Aircraft Artillery 
Officer. Ordered to return to Fort Monroe 
and fit men for this branch of the Service, 
July, 1918; was returning to France with 
qualified troops, when he died on shipboard, 
in sight of Brest, of pneumonia, Oct. 18, 1918. 

N. Y., 1916. Commended for gallantry during 
the St. Mihiel Drive, Sept. 28, 1918, where 
he was wounded. 

N. Y., 1913. Highly commended by his su- 
perior officers for Radio Work in the A. E. F., 
and recommended to be promoted, and re- 
tained in the Service after the conclusion of 
hostilities. (Awarded the Croix de Guerre 
by French Government for brilliant ser- 
vices. ) 

Kansas, 1916. Recommended for D. S. C. for 
distinguished gallantry and efficiency as an 
Artillery Officer, and Liaison Officer, in 2nd 
Division, in Chateau Thierry Sector, June- 
July, 1918, by Colonel, 23d Inf. 



78 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Major Lee S. Gerow Va., 1913. Highly commended for meritorious 

and distinguished services in assisting in 
the formation of a new Division, and, after 
the Armistice, while attached to the Finance 
Division of the Army, in charge of the dis- 
bursement of the "Bonus" Fund granted by 
Congress, clearing up approximately one 
million and a half claims in the short time 
of about two months. 

Major W. H. Gill Va., 1907. Commended for conspicuously gal- 
lant conduct in action and recommended for 
promotion to the grade of Lieutenant Colonel. 

Capt. Larkin W. Glazebrook, D. C, 1918. Began his military career by 
jr being the most distinguished of all his fel- 
low candidates at first Fort Myer Training 
Camp. Desperately wounded and gassed in 
action a number of times. 

Most highly commended by all his super- 
ior officers, and promoted for gallantry and 
devotion — "above and beyond the call of 
duty." 

Col. Samuel R. Gleaves Va., 1898. Recommended by the Commander- 
in-Chief, Oct., 1918, to be promoted to the 
grade of Brigadier General for exceptionally 
distinguished services, but no action taken 
by the Senate on any nomination after Oct. 
1, 1918. (Awarded three decorations. See 
above.) 

Capt. Benjamin A. Goodman. Va., 1917. After serving gallantly with the 

Marines in France, and receiving a wound in 
action, was given the distinction of being 
selected to command the Marine Section of 
the S. A. T. C. at the V. M. I. 

1st Lt. William T. Gould, Jr.. N. Y., 1918. Air Service. Distinguished as 

"First Honour" "Graduate of his Class at 
Princeton University Ground School, wear- 
ing the "Black Bird" and two gold V's. 15 
months' service in France and Italy as a 
^- ' Flyer. 

Capt. Percy S. Grant Va., 1908. 368th Inf. (Negro Reg't), 92d Divi- 
sion. Commended for gallantry and efficiency 
at St. Mihiel and in the Argonne, and twice 
I offered promotion to another unit. 

Capt. Henry P. Gray, Jr Va., 1918. A. E. F. Chosen to command one 

of the Companies of the Third Composite 
Regiment, as Escort to the Commander-in- 
Chief, after the Armistice. 

Capt. Fred. S. Greene Va., 1890. Engineers, A. E. F. For gallant 

services in action recommended for promo- 
tion to grade of Major, but commission given 
erroneously to another (of similar name.) 

Capt. J. Addison Hagan Va., 1916. U. S. M. C. Recommended for D. 

S. C. for rescuing one of his men from "No 
Man's Land," while suffering himself from 
a serious wound in Chateau Thierry Sector, 
June, 1918. Later, recommended for the 
'"Medal of Honour." 



Citations and Eecommendations (Continued) 



79 



Capt. Joseph S. Hagenbuch. 



1st Lt, B. T. Hathaway. 



Lt. Commander A. Langstaff 
Johnston, Jr 



Capt. Charles Johnston. . . . . 

Color-Bearer Russell A. 
Kelly 



Ist Lt. Clarke O. Kimberly. 



Capt. H. B. Kinsolving, Jr. 



Col. George T. Langhorne. . 



Capt. Greenlee D. Letcher. 



Capt. E. L. Lindsey 

Major Orin C. Lloyd , 

Ist Lt. S'. a! Louglirldge . . 



. Pa., 1911. Sanitary Corps, A. E. F. Com- 
mendea for valuable and distinguished ser- 
vices as Chief of Sanitary Corps of all the 
Armies, in turn, while in Germany. 

. Okla., 1915. Pilot, Air Service, A. B. F. Kill- 
ed in action. Commended for bravery and 
efficiency. 
Va., 1902. U. S. N. R. F. Commended by Com- 
manding Officer for distinguished efficiency 
and scientific attainments as exemplified in 
his service in the Navy for over two years 
in the World War, and promoted to grade 
of Lt. Commander. He presented to the Ser- 
vice several of his valuable inventions. 

. Va., 1902. Commended for, conspicuous gal- 
lantry in action; severely wounded. 
N. Y., 1914. "First Blood of the War" (of 

. V. M. I. Heroes). Killed in action at Giv- 
anchy, France, while a member of the French 
Foreign Legion, June 17, 1915. He wrote a 
series of remarkable letters, upon his ar- 
rival in France, telling of his experiences in 
the French Army, which were published in 
many of the largest papers in the U. S. He 
was seen to fall with a ghastly wound, and 
it was learned that he was a prisoner and 
had his leg amputated, but no further 
tidings ever came, and it is believed he died 
the day he was wounded, and lies in an un- 
known grave in France. 

. Va., 1915. Received two Citations for conspic- 
uous gallantry, besides being awarded the 
Croix de Guerre. 

. Ky., 1911. Recommended for promotion to 
grade of Major for distinguished services. 
Discharged from Service as Major, F. A. R. C. 

. Va., 1887. 8th U. S. Cavalry. Most highly 
commended by the Governor of Texas in 
1917 to the Secretary of War as the most suc- 
cessful commanding officer ever in the Big 
Bend Section in handling the Chihuahua 
bandits; and who said the citizens of Texas 
owed him a debt of gratitude for his splen- 
did services. 

. Va., 1886. A. B. F. Commended by his Brig- 
ade Commander as probably the most effi- 
cient Battery Commander in the Brigade. 
Believed to have been the oldest volunteer 
Line Officer in the American Army. 

. , Va., 1909. Engineers, A. E. F. Cited for 
"Exceptionally meritorious and distinguished 
services." 

, . N. C, 1910. A. G. Department, U. S. A. Com- 
mended for meritorious and distinguished 
services as Camp Personnel Adjutant and as 
one of a detail of expert officers charged 
with formulating plans for the mobilization 
of the Army. 

.Ky., 1904. Royal Art., B. B. F. Recommended 
for promotion by his commanding officer. 



80 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



Major Richard G. Lyne. 



Col. George C. Marshall, Jr. 



Capt. Clarence A. Martin.. 



1st Lt. Edward G. Maxwell. 



Capt. Edward R. Michaux. 



Capt. Morgan R. Mills, Jr. 



Capt. Charles Ellet Moore. 



2nd Lt. Richard W. Murphy. 



1st Lt. Ralph W. McGee. 



Private John McKinney. . 



Lt. Col. Donald M. McRae. 



. Va., 1916. Highly commended by Division 
Commander for the manner in which he 
directed his Battery ("B," 51st C. A.) at St. 
Mihiel and promoted to Major. 

. Pa., 1901. Recommended by the Commander- 
in-Chief, Oct., 1918, for exceptionally meri- 
torious and distinguished services, to be 
promoted to the grade of Brigadier General 
and Chief of Operations of an Army Corps; 
but no action was taken by the Senate on 
any nominations after Oct. 1, 1918. The 
Commander-in-Chief, however, gave him the 
position without the rank, which he filled 
with extraordinary distinction and success. 

. Va., 1917. A. E. F. Commended for extra- 
ordinary gallantry in action. Lost 92 killed 
and wounded out of 150 of his Company in 
one battle. 

. Va., 1915. Signal Officer, 317th Inf., A. E. F. 
Highly commended for initiative and courage 
by his Colonel (Kellar). 

. N. C, 1917. 60th Inf., 5th Div. Citation from 
General Officer, for conspicuous bravery in 
action. 

. Va., 1917. U. S. M. C. Cited for conspicuously 
distinguishing himself in a determined Rt- 
tack by the Enemy after his Commander and 
next in rank had fallen. (Awarded Croix 
de Guerre by the French Government.) 

. Va., 1913. Highly commended by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief in a personal telegram for 
leading his Company with great gallantry 
at Vaux, July 1-2, 1918, and refusing to leave 
it, though badly" wounded, and recommend- 
ing him for the grade of Major, later. (He is 
still in Hospital, twenty-one months after- 
wards, suffering from his wounds.) 

Ala., 1916. U. S. M. C. Mortally wounded in 
action. Cited for distinguished gallantry in 
the Chateau Thierry Salient where he made 
the Supreme Sacrifice, 

Miss., 1913. 312th Ammunition Train, 87th 
Division, A. E. F. Recommended to be made 
Captain in Nov., 1918, but Armistice prevent- 
ed his promotion. 

N. Y., 1916. Co. "G," 105th Infantry, 27th Div., 
A. E. F. Highly commended for gallantry 
In action in Flanders, Aug. 31, 1918, in 
which he was very seriously wounded. 

D. C, 1912. Cited three times for acts of 
heroism in the B. E. F. where he served 
from Private to Major, and commended for 
distinguished bravery in the A. E. F. where 
he served from Captain to Lieutenant Colonel. 
(Awarded Military Cross by King George 
in person.) 



Citations and Recommendations (Continued) 



81 



Capt. Charles P. Nash. 



Capt. James A. Nelms. 



Major Edward W. Nichols. 



Capt. James A. Nichols, Jr.. 
Corporal B. B. Owens 

Ensign Sydney W. Owens.. 



Lt. Col. Alvin M. Owsle^. 



Capt. Clark Owsley. 



. W. Va., 1917. U. S. M. C. Attached to Air 
Service Section. His Squadron Commander 
wrote, "He did exceptional work previous 
to his being unfortunate enough to be miss- 
ing." (It was afterwards learned that he 
had been shot down from a height of over 
2,000 feet, losing an arm, and being made 
a prisoner of War.) Received D. S. C. 

.Va., 1917. U. S. M. C. Cited by his Colonel 
for distinguished valour in action in the 
Chateau Thierry Sector where, by his remark- 
able coolness and intrepidity, acting in con- 
junction with his Major, he prevented his 
command from being annihilated. For his 
heroic act he was recommended to be pro- 
moted to Major (temporary) in the U. S. 
M. C. (He was awarded the Croix de Guerre 
by the French Government.) 

. Va., 1878. Commended repeatedly in the high- 
est terms by the War Department for his 
valuable and distinguished services, both in 
his administration as Superintendent of the 
V. M. I., making it such a valuable adjunct to 
the Service, and for his organization and 
conduct of the S. A. T. C, at that institution, 
under a commission of Major of Engineers, 
U. S. Army; the V. M. I. having the unique 
distinction of being the only institution in 
the United States which was honoured by 
having its head officer commissioned in the 
Army and placed in command of its S. A. 
T. C. 

, Va., 1910. Recommended for the D. S. C. for 
distinguished bravery in a number of major 
actions. Three times wounded. 
N. C, 1914. B. E. F. Recommended for 
French Decoration, at the same time he re- 
ceived the British Military Medal, for ex- 
traordinary bravery in action in Belgium 
in October, 19l7, while serving in the "First 
Royal Fusiliers." 
Va., 1920. U. S. N., Aviation Section. He grad- 
uated with the highest honours of his Class 
at Princeton University Ground School, hav- 
ing been one of four V. M. I. Alumni who at- 
tained the distinction of standing at the head 
of their respective Classes at Aviation 
Ground Schools. Escorted in the air the 
President's Convoy to Europe (both trips). 
Texas, 1909. Commended and promoted for his 
gallant and distinguished conduct at the 
front. 

Texas, 1918. (Brother of above). Highly com- 
mended and promoted for distinguished con- 
duct in action as Regimental Gas Director, 
36th Div., A. E. F. 



82 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Major Victor Parks, Jr Va., 1915. Air Service, A. B. F. Cited three 

times by his own Government for most dis- 
tinguished service as an American Ace, hav- 
ing eight (8) Enemy Planes brought down 
to his credit, for which the French Govern 
ment awarded him two Decorations. 

Sergt. Andrew S. Patterson. Va., 1917. Air Service, A. E. F. Cited by his 

Major for a brave act. 

Capt. Allan C. Perkinson Va., 1914. U. S. M. C. Cited by his Regi- 
mental Commander for conspicuous gal- 
lantry, while a Lieutenant in command of 
a patrol of 12, in defeating Enemy troops 
in a night attack, killing a number of them, 
with the loss of only one man wounded. 
(Awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French 
Government. ) 

1st Lt. James A. Pigue Tenn., 1905. Killed in action. He had been 

recommended for promotion to the grade of 
Major for exceptional bravery in action, and 
remarkable efficiency as an officer. He had 
already received four medals for distinction 
in the regular Service, before the World 
War. 

1st Lt. Paul M. Potts, Jr La., 1917. Air Service, A. E. F. Distinguished 

as a Pilot and Bomber, and said to be an 
American Ace, though positive data are not 
yet in hand. One of ten Aviators picked to 
go to Foggia Training School. 

2nd Lt. Thomas R. Potts Va., 1918. Air Service, A. E. F. Pilot in Com- 
bat Squadron, and highly commended. Award- 
ed "First Honour" of his Class of 400 at 
Princeton University Ground School. 

1st Lt. George I. Rankin.... N. Y., 1910. Highly commended for gallantry 

in battle of the Marne. Returned to U. S. 
for recuperation, and to be an Instructor at 
Training Camps. 

1st Lt. R. B. Rhett S. C, 1910. Med. Corps, B. E. F. American 

Citation and recommended twice for promo- 
tion. 

Private Charles S. Roller Va., 1902. A. E. F. Attached to 314th Sani- 
tary Train, 89th Div., as Stretcher-Bearer, 
and displayed distinguished gallantry and 
efficiency at the front, and, later, with the 
Red Cross in the Army in Germany. Com- 
missioned Captain of the Red Cross by the 
President, on his return home. 

1st Lt. Irvine C. Scudder Miss., 1918. A. E. F. Cited in General Or- 
ders for extraordinary bravery and efficiency 
in the advance on Metz, in obtaining valua- 
able information, without regard to personal 
danger, by advancing in command of three 
sections of 16 men each, in face of the 
Enemy, and destroying entanglements, — 
reaching the objective with the centre sec- 
tion, after suffering great loss. Recom- 
mended for the D. S. C. 

Capt. Frank M. Smith Tenn., 1907. Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 

(Formerly Calvin M. Smith) Received two Citations from General Officers 

for conspicuous bravery in action. Wounded 
near Cunel. 



Citations and Recommendations (Continued) 83 

Capt. Horace L. Smith, Jr.. . Va., 1915. Cited a number of times in Division 

Orders for exceptionally valourous deeds 
and awarded the D. S. C. 

Capt. James Taylor N. J., 1918. For distinguished bravery and 

efficiency as a Battery Commander he was 
selected for service with the 301st Battalion, 
Heavy Tank Corps, B. E. F. 

Col. James D. Taylor Fla., 1898. Cited in Order of 32nd Army Corps, 

May 1, 1919, by its Commander, General 
Passaga, as "an officer of matchless courage 
and energy, particularly distinguishing him- 
self in August, 1918, North of Toul," when 
commanding the 335th U. S. Infantry. In 
1919, he was awarded the D. S. M. for the 
distinguished service he performed, nearly 
twenty years before, which led to the cap- 
ture of the Insurrectionary Leader, Agui- 
naldo, in the Philippines. 

Capt. John B. Tomlinson Ala.. 1917. 18th Infantry, A. E. F. Died in 

the Service after his second gas attack. 
Commended in highest terms for his heroism 
I in leading a second raid into the German 
trenches by his then Regimental Commander, 
General Frank Parker, who ordered his name 
placed on the Regimental Roll of Honour. 

Lt. Col. Alfred P. Upshur Va., 1904. M. C, U. S. A. Recommended for 

Distinguished Service Medal for his work 
in organizing and successfully conducting 
Base Hospital at Camp Pike, and General 
Hospital No. 3, U. S. A. 

Master Engineer Henry M. W. Va., 1912. 23rd Engineers, A. E. F. Highly 
Venable commended for gallantry and efficiency. 

IstLt. William H.Wales, III.. Va., 1916. Air Service, A. E. F. Commended 

for valuable and distinguished services. 
"First Honour" Graduate of Princeton Uni- 
versity Ground School. 

Lt. Col. J. M. S. Waring Md., 1894. Commended and promoted for scien- 
tific ability and distinguished services in the 
administration of the General Ordnance 
Depot at Nitro, W. Va., which cost seventy 
millions of dollars. 

Capt. Edward L. Wells S. C, 1907. Second M. G. Battalion, 1st Division, 

A. E. F. Cited for "extraordinary bravery 
and efficiency in handling men." (In addi- 
tion to Citation with D. S. C. twice.) 
1st Lt, Richard F. Welton, Jr. .Va., 1915. A. E. F. Commended for conspicuous 

bravery in action with the 46th Infantry. 

Capt. Thomas S. Whiting Va., 1917. U. S. M. C. (Then 1st Lieutenant.) 

Very highly commended while commanding 
his platoon in action at Chateau Thierry, 
June 2, 1918 (in which he was seriously 
wounded in many parts of the body), by his 
Regimental Commander, "as an example and 
inspiration to his men for his absolute devo- 
tion to duty and conspicuous bravery under 
fire," and by the Major General Commandant 
of the U. S. M. C. "for conspicuously dis- 
tinguishing himself in action." (Awarded 
the French Croix de Guerre.) 



84 Virginia Military Institute — World "War Eecord 

Lt. Col. John S. Williams. .. Va., 1904. Received Citation from Gen. Jno. J. 

Pershing, Commanderrin-Chief, for "excep- 
tionally meritorious and conspicuous services 
as a member of the General Staff, Gen. Hdq,, 
A. E. F." 

Lt. Col. Jennings C. "Wise Va., 1902. Cited for "conspicuous bravery in 

action, courageous conduct and special devo- 
tion to duty, after being severely gassed and 
wounded by shell fire," while serving with 
the 133rd French Army, February, 1918. 
Later, awarded D. S. C. 



Casualties: Killed, oe Died in Service 85 

CASUALTIES. 

KILLED IN ACTION, OR DIED IN THE SERVICE. 
(List not yet complete.) 

First Lieutenant Gail H. 1899, from Danville, Va. 47tli Infantry, 4tli 

Alexander Division. Killed in action at Bazoches, near 

the Vesle River, France, August 7, 1918. 

First Lieutenant Thomas D. 1916, from Wilmington, Del. 26th Regular 
Amory Inf., 1st Div. Killed in action leading as- 
saulting platoon ahead of his regiment, near 
Verdun, October 2, 1918. Awarded, post- 
humously, the D. S. C, and recommended 
for the "Medal of Honour." He was incapaci- 
tated for duty (walking with a limp from 
a wound previously received) when he was 
killed, but he insisted on returning to duty. 
He was called the bravest and best beloved 
member of his battalion. 

First Lieutenant J, Favre 1912, from Tyler, Texas. Surgeon, "Royal 

Baldwin Fusiliers," B. E. F. Killed in action in 

France, August 7, 1918. 

Private Archibald W. 1919, from Ambler, Pa. U. S. Marine Corps. 

Benners . . Died, July 3, 1918, of wounds received in 

action in France, June 3, 1918. (He had 
received a commission of 2nd Lieutenant in 
the U. S. M. C. Reserve, but resigned and 
went into the ranks, in order to get quickly 
to the front with the regulars. He had been 
selected for the Officers' Training School in 
France when he made the Supreme Sacrifice.) 

Lieutenant Col. Charles M. 1897, from Staunton, Va. 75th U. S. Infantry. 

Blackford Died in the Service of pneumonia following 

influenza, at Camp Lewis, Washington State, 
January 18, 1919. 

Private Mahlon W. Caffee 1906, from Carthage, Mo. OfBcers' Training 

School. Died of pneumonia, superinduced 
by an accident incurred in the Service, De- 
cember 30, 1918. 

Sergeant Irwin A. Carroll. . . 1913, from Beaumont, Texas. Officers' Training 

School. Died in the Service, at College Sta- 
tion, Texas, Oct. 9, 1918 

Private Middleton Chambers. 1908, fromi Richmond, Va. Air Service, U. S. A. 

Died of pneumonia following influenza, just 
before receiving a commission, March 8, 1919. 
Captain Robert Y. Conrad. .. 1905, from Winchester, Va. Co. "I," 116th In- 
fantry. Killed in action, battle of the Marne, 
Oct. 12, 1918. Awarded, posthumously, the 
D. S. C. 

Corporal James L. Corey 1917, from Argos, Ind. TJ. S. Marine Corps. 

Killed in action at Chateau Thierry, July 
19, 1918. 
Sergeant Joseph R. Cush- 1915, from Bedford Village, N. Y. Co. "K," 

man 107th Inf. Killed in action near Coulet, 

France, Sept. 29, 1918. 



86 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Second Lieutenant Frank 1914, from Richmond, Va. 309th Engineers. 

Cutchins Died in the Service in France of pneumonia 

following influenza, December 26, 1918. 

Private Powhatan R. Dance. . 1920, from Richmond, Va. U. S. M. C. Killed 

in action in France, November 1, 1918. 

Captain George F. Dashiell.. 1919, from Smithfield, Va. M. G. Co., 11th Inf. 

Killed in action near Souppy, in the Argonne, 
by bursting of a shell (which also killed 
other members of his Company), Nov. 10, 
1918. 

Major A. Wood Dillard 1913, from Baltimore, Md. Inspector General's 

Department. (Late Captain of Infantry, 
A. E. F.) Accidentally killed at Nashville, 
Tenn., his Post, January 9, 1919. Previously 
awarded the D. S. C. 

First Lieutenant James H. 1901, from Richmond, Va. 24th London Regi- 

Drake, Jr ment, B. E. F. Died in a London Hospital 

from the effects of wounds, gas attacks, and 
extraordinary hardships, during his service 
at the front since 1916, September 23, 1918. 

First Lieutenant James H. 1909, from Goliad, Texas. C. A., U. S. A., A. 

Ewell, Jr E. F. First officer commanding a Battery 

of Anti-Aircraft Artillery. Died of pneu- 
monia while returning to France with troops 
he had trained for his branch of the Service, 
as his ship sighted Brest, October 18, 1918. 

First Lieutenant Alexander 1908, from San Antonio, Texas. Aviation Ser- 
H. Eraser vice, U. S. A. Died in the Service of pneu- 
monia following influenza, at Fort Sam Hous- 
ton, Texas, Oct 28, 1918. 

Captain Jesse H. Fugate, Jr.. 1916, from Reed Island, Va. U. S. M. C. Died 

at his Post at Santiago, D. R., of pneumonia, 
January 9, 1919. About to be promoted to 
Major for distinguished service. 

Captain Howard F. Gill 1914, from Petersburg, Va. C. A., U. S. A. 

Died in the Service at Fort Monroe, Va., of 
pneumonia following influenza, Oct. 14, 1918. 

Sergeant Walter S. Goddard. 1910, from Washington, N. C. Co. "I," 119th 

Infantry, 30th Division, A. E. F. Killed in 
action at battle of Ypres, Sept., 1, 1918. 

Private T. Sheafe Haskell. .. 1907, from Derby Line, Vt. Officers' Training 

School at Plattsburg, N. Y. Died from ef- 
fects of an accident while in training, sum- 
mer of 1917. 

First Lieutenant Edward T. 1915, from Oklahoma City, Okla. Pilot, Air 

Hathaway Service, A. E. F. Killed in action in France, 

June 25, 1918. 

Private Peter P. Homes 1912, from Lunenburg County, Va. Died while 

a candidate for commission at O. T. School 
at Camp Lee, Va., Feb. 27, 1918. 

Lieutenant Richard J. 1914, from St. Louis, Mo. "Black Watch," 

Howard B. E. F. Killed in action in France, March 

17, 1916 Awarded the "Victoria Cross" 
(posthumously). 

Captain William H. Hum- 1915, from Crozet, Va. 58th Infantry. Killed 

phreys in action at the Argonne, France, October 4, 

1918. 

Captain Bartlett James Va., 1915. U. S. A. Died at his Post, Colum- 
bus, N. M., Oct. 24, 1917. 



Casualties: Killed, or Died in Service (Cont'd) 87 

Major E. Hammond Johnson. 1904, from Norfolk, Va. 112th Infantry. With 

Army of Occupation. Died suddenly of 
apoplexy at his Post in Germany (Cochem), 
May 17, 1919. 

Captain Gustav Karow Ga., 1916. U. S. M. Corps. Killed in the line 

of duty at his Post at Paris Island, S. C, 
June 25, 1920, by falling to earth with his 
burning plane. 

Ensign (Color-Bearer) Rus- 1914, from Cedarhurst, N. Y. French Foreign 

sell A. Kelly Legion. Mortally wounded at Givanchy, 

France, and died, June 7, 1915. 

Captain B. V. M. La Rue 1896, from Kansas City, Mo. 335th Infantry, 

89th Division, A. E. F. Died in the Service 
in France of pneumonia following influenza, 
1918. 

Captain Atwell T. Lincoln. . . 1897, from Columbus, Miss., and later, St. Louis, 

Mo. Co. "B" (M. G. Co.), 354th Inf., 89th 
Division. Killed in action at the St. Mihiel 
Salient, September 18, 1918. 

First Lieutenant Hope W. 1918, from Tyro, Va. 119th Infantry. Killed 

Massie while on patrol in France, August 6th, 1918. 

"You fellows are married, I am the one to 
go." A comrade wrote: "He had the perfect 
faith — and died that others might live." 

Private Eugene N. Mayer... 1912, from Norfolk, Va. (later, from Bristol, 

Va.). Officers' Training School at Camp 
Johnston. Died of pneumonia following in- 
fluenza in the Service, at Camp Johnston, 
October 21, 1918. 

Brigadier Genl. R. E. L. 1883, from Albemarle County, Va. U. S. Army. 

Michie Died in the Service in France very suddenly, 

of disease, June 5, 1918. 

Pharmacist Mate, 2nd Class, 1914, from Neshville, Tenn. U. S. Navy. Died 

Carter Milam aboard U. S. S. Louisville, just after the 

ship reached Brest, France, September 29, 
1918, of pneumoniaj following influenza. 
(Body sent home and interred in Mt. Olivet 
Cemetery, Nashville, Tenn.) 

First Lieutenant Charles A. 1909, from New York City. Co. "I," 305th 

Minton Infantry, 77th Division. Died of pneumonia, 

in France, Oct. 18, 1918. 

Second Lieutenant Richard 1916, from Greensboro, Ala. U. S. Marine 

W. Murphy Corps. Mortally wounded at Chateau Thierry 

Salient, and died June — , 1918. 

First Lieutenant John Mur- 1916, from Richmond, Va. U. S. M. C. Killed 

ray McClellan in action at Vierzy, France, July 19, 1918. 

Awarded the Croix de Guerre (posthumously) 
by Marshal Petain, Commander-in-Chief of 
the French Armies of the East. 

First Lieutenant Alexander 1913, from Lexington, Ky. Infantry, U. S. A. 

McClintock (Previously for two years a Sergeant in the 

B. E. F.) Died in New York, from effects 
of wounds received in action and hard ser- 
vice in France with the British Expedition- 
ary Force, June 28, 1918. Awarded the 
British Distinguished Service Cross by King 
George, personally, for bringing from the 
' field two wounded comrades when he him- 

self was badly wounded. 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



First Lieutenant James A. 

Pigue 

First Lieutenant Rodney W. 

Polack 

Private Edmund L. Rapkin . 



Captain J. N. C. Richards. 



Lieutenant KifRn Y. Rock- 
well 

Private Edward Marcus 
Smith 



Second Lieutenant Vernon 
L. Somers 



1905, from Nashville, Tenn. 117th Inf. Killed 
in action on the Marne, July 18, 1918, 

1908, from York, Pa. 60th Inf., 5th Div. Killed 
in action in France, October 14th, 1918. 

1919, from Montclair, N. J. Co. "L," 107th In- 
fantry. Died in the Service at Army Hospi- 
tal, Blois, Prance, of pneumonia following 
influenza, October 31, 1918. 
,1914, from Riverton, Va. Co. "F," 26th Inf., 1st 
Division". Killed in action at Soissons, 
France, July 19, 1918. D. S. C, awarded 
posthumously. 

1912, from Asheville, N. C. Aviation Service, 
B. E. F. Killed in action in France, Septem- 
ber 23, 1916. He had been decorated twice. 

1914, from Valdosta, Ga. Emergency Medical 
Reserve Corps, U. S. A. Died of pneumonia 
following influenza while ministering to 
those stricken with the disease, in Phila- 
delphia, Pa., October 7, 1918. The Dean of 
the Medical Department of the University of 
Pennsylvania said: "He died a martyr to 
duty as fully as the soldier who sacrificed 
his life on the field of battle." 

1915, from Bloxom, Va. U. S. M. C. Killed in 
action in the Chateau Thierry Salient, June 

6, 1918. The D. S. C. and Navy Cross 
awarded him, posthumously. 

1897, from Petersburg, Va. Commanding the 
Richmond M. G. Co. (For Local Defense.) 
Died of pneumonia following influenza, 
while earnestly and indefatigably training 
this Company for possible future National 
Service, December 25, 1918. (Name of Co. 
changed to "Hugh Stockdell M. G. Co.") 

1917, from Richmond, Va. U. S. M. C, Aviation 
Section. Killed, while flying in Florida, May 

7, 1918. 
1901, from Salem, Va. With A. E. F. Died in 

the Service in France, March 19, 1918. 

1917, from Birmingham, Ala. 18th Infantry, 
1st Division. Died in the Service at the 
Hospital at Langres, France, Oct. 14, 1918, 
from the effects of having been gassed on 
May 1st and again early in October, 1918, 
in the Argoune. 

1918, Mt. Sterling, Ky. 41st Infantry. Died 
in the Service in France of disease, Novem- 
ber 9, 1919. 

Yeoman, 3rd Class, William 1910, from Independence, Mo. U. S. Navy- 

H. Waggoner, Jr Reserve Force. Died of pneumonia following 

influenza, at Great Lakes, Illinois, while in 
training, September 23, 1918. 



Captain Hugh Stockdell. 



Second Lieutenant Melville 
E. Sullivan 



Field Clerk Benjamin T. 

Tinsley 

Captain John B. Tomlinson. 



First Lieutenant James A. 
Van Sant 



Casualties: Killed, or Died in Service (Cont'd) — Wounded 89 

Captain Edward L. Wells 1907, from Charleston, S. C. 2nd M. G. Batta- 
lion, 1st Brigade, 1st Division. Killed in 
action near Exermont, France, October 4, 
1918. Twice promoted for gallantry. Spe- 
cially commended for conspicuous bravery 
by both his Brigade and Division Com- 
manders. Awarded, posthumously, both the 
D. S. C. (twice) and the Croix de Guerre. 
General Parker, his Brigade Commander, in 
a letter to the Mayor of Charleston, said the 
City ought to raise a monument to his mem- 
ory. 

Lieutenant William Wheat- 1871, from Washington, D. C. U. S. Navy — 
ley Reserve Force. Died in the Service, of dis- 
ease, January 29, 1918. 

First Lieutenant Crispin 1904, from Pittsylvania Co., Va. Surgeon, 41st 

Wright Division. (Western troops.) A. E. F. Died 

from effects of the Service at the front, in 
U. S. General Hospital No. 19, at Oteen, N. C, 
February 22, 1920. 

WOUNDED, OR SERIOUSLY GASSED, IN ACTION. 

(List not complete.) 



Captain Fred. W. Adams 1909, from Kansas City, Mo. 85th Inf., 18th 

Div. Slightlj'- wounded in action in France, 
July 20, 1918, but not evacuated from the 
field. Automatically assumed command of 
his Company, July 19th, when all other of- 
ficers became casualties. Awarded the D 
S. C. and Croix de Guerre. 

Field Clerk Eugene M. 1920, from Lynchburg, Va. Gassed at Metz, 
Adkins Alsace, , 1918. 

Major George Murrell 1909, from Lynchburg, Va. 116th Infantry. 

Alexander Wounded in action in France, October 11, 

1918. 

1st Lieutenant Wesley R. 1916, from Rosemont, Pa. Royal Flying Corps, 

Allison 208th Squadron; later, 65th Squadron. Shot 

down, wounded, July 9, 1918. Shot down, 
wounded, August 10, 1918 (in Hospital). 
Machine came apart in air, Dec. 15, 1918, 
and in Hospital from the fall until April, 
1919. 



Major Edward M. Almond. 



1st Lieutenant Thomas D. 
Amory 



1st Lieutenant James M. 
Angle 



1915, from Orange, Va. Captain Co. "A," 12th 
M. G. Battalion, 4th Division. Slightly 
wounded in action at battle of Vesle River, 
, 1918. Promoted Major. 

1916, from Wilmington, Del. 26th (Regular) 
(Infantry). Severely wounded in action at 
Montdidier, France, May 24, 1918. (Re- 

. turned to trenches in August, and was killed 
in action, October 2, 1918.) Awarded the 
D. S. C, posthumously. Recommended for 
the "Medal of Honour." 
1906, from Pittsburgh, Pa. Required to under- 
go operation from disease incurred in the 
Service, Nov. 26, 1918, and long in Hospital. 



90 Virginia Military Institute— World War Eepord 

Sergeant Eugene H. Ashley.. 19j 5, from Valdosta, Ga. Co. "H," 109th In- 
fantry. Slightly wounded in. action at battle 

of Marne, July , 1918. 

2d Lieutenant Samuel L. 1920, from Chicago, 111. A. S., U. S. A. In- 

Austin jured by an accident with his plane and thus 

prevented from going overseas. 
1st Lieutenant English Ph. D., Adjunct Professor, V. M. I., from Mary- 

B^Sby land. Sanitary Corps and assigned to Air 

Service, U. S. A. Later, Commanding Of- 
ficer, Medical Research Laboratory at Kelly 
Field. Still later. Adjutant of Medical Re- 
search Laboratory at Hazelhurst Field. In- 
jured in line of duty, July 26, 1917, while 
serving in Ambulance Corps, U. S. A. 
1st Lieufenant Raymond M. 1915, from Smithfiold, Va. Aviation Service, 

Batten A. E. F. Terribly gassed while serving 

with French and American Forces. 

Private Alden Bell 1880, from Culpeper, Va. 116th Inf. and 10th 

Engineers, A. E. F. Twice gassed in action 
and blinded for four months. (Aged 57 
years.) 
Captain Stanton L. 1918, from Phoebus, Va. 6th Infantry, 5th 
Bertschey Division, A. E. F. Slightly wounded in ac- 
tion in France , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant Ernest C. 1917, from Knoxville, Tenn. Adjutant, 117th 

Bi'own Infantry, 30th Division. Severely wounded 

in action at , , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant Foster V. 1912, from Chattanooga, Tenn. Co. "F," 28tli 

Brown, Jr Infantry. Severly wounded in action at 

the battle of the Marne, July , 1918. 

Awarded Croix de Guerre with Palm'. 
Is*^ Lieutenant Jack W. 1918, from Richmond, Va. 371st Infantry. 

Bu^'i'^ss Severely wounded in action in Champagne 

Sector, Prance, September 30, 1918. (Wound- 
ed four times the same day.) 
1st Lieutenant Claude R. 1915, from Winchester, Va. Acting Captain, 

C^"^™er M. G. Battn, 1st Division. Gassed, 

May 28, 1918, at Cantigny, and seriously 
wounded twice in action in France, July 18, 

1918, at , and permanently disabled. 

1st Lieutenant A. Horace 1918, from New York City. Co. "L," 317th Inf., 

Campbell 80th Division. Severely wounded in action 

at , , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant William G. 1909, from Savannah, Ga. 151st M. G. Batta- 

C^^T^ lion, 42nd Division. Wounded in action at 

, France, July , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant Franklin W. 1912, from Warrenton, Va. M. G. Co.. 165th 

^^^^^^ Infantry. Severely wounded in action in 

Chateau Thierry Sector, France, July 28, 
1918, and in Hospital over a year. Perma- 
nently disabled. Awarded the D. S. C. 
Major Turner M. Chambliss. 1914, from North Emporia, Va. Infantry 

Wounded severely in action at ' — , 

France, , 1918. 

Captain Camillus Christian. . 1914, from Lynchburg, Va. 363rd Infantry, 

J^ 91st Division. Severely gassed in action 

in Argonne Forest. 



Casualties: Wounded (Continued) 91 

Captain Fred. W. Clarke, Jr.. 1917, from Savannah, Ga. U. S. Marine Corps. 

Wounded slightly in action, April 13, 1918. 
Again wounded in action, near Metz, July 
19th, 1918. 

Major Joseph T. Clement 1906, from Charleston, S. C. 39th Infantry. 

Severely wounded near Ourcq River, July 
18, 1918. Awarded Croix de Guerre with 
Silver Star. 

Major Philip Coldwell 1910, from El Paso, Texas. Infantry. Sta- 
tioned in Philippines till June, 1918. On his 
return then to U. S., was stationed at Camp 
Grant and commanded 3rd Regiment (4,000) 
of Depot Brigade, and for one month com- 
manded the Camp (35,000 men). While 
there was severely injured by an Army truck 
and confined in Hospital eight months. 

Captain B. Allison Colonna. . 1914, from Washington, D. C. A. E. F. Se- 
verely wounded , l!)18. 

Sergeant Alexander J. Con- 1909, from Columbus, Ohio. 48th Battalion, 

verse Canadian Infantry, B. E. F., and later, 2nd 

Battalion. Slightly wounded, Messines Sec- 
tor; severely~wounded, Ypres Sector; wound- 
ed Lens Sector. Many months in Hospital, 
but voluntarily returned to the front after 
receiving two last wounds, against protest 
of the Surgeons. Served to end of War. 
Still disabled (February, 1920.) Served 
nearly four years overseas. 

Major H. I. T. Creswell 1913, from San Francisco, Calif. Wounded in 

action in France, July 30, 1918. 

1st Lieutenant George S. 

Crockett, Jr 1919, from Accomac, Va. Air Service, A. E. F. 

Slightly injured when Plane caught afire 
2,000 feet up and he side-slipped to earth; 
machine destroyed. Commissioned Captain, 
A. S. R. C, upon discharge. 

1st Lieutenant Gilman K. 1912, from Bedford City, Va. 9th M. G. Batta- 
Crockett lion, 3rd Division, A. E. F. Slightly wound- 
ed in action near Chateau Thierry, July 15th, 
and wounded again seriously, Oct. 9, 1918, 
in Argonne Offensive. 

Captain Samuel C. Gumming. 1917, from Hampton, Va. U. S. M. C. Wound- 
ed in action at Bois de Belleau, France, 
June 11, 1918. 

Captain Stuart Cutler 1918, from New York City. 23rd (Regular) 

Infantry, A. E. F. Severely gassed in ac- 
tion, April , 1918. Invalided home — 

lungs seriously affected, but after many 
months in Hospital partially recovered and 
returned to duty. 

Captain Edward T. Davant. . 1911, from Roanoke, Va. 315th M. G. Batta- 
lion, 80th Division, A. E. F. Severely wound- 
ed in action north of Sommerance, France, 
Nov. 1, 1918. 

Captain Ralph M. Davenport. 1911, from Denver, Col. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Slightly wounded in action in France, , 

1918. 



92 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Sergeant Walter E. Denny. . .1912, from Newellton, La. Instructor, B. E. F. 

"Wounded in action on the Somme, September 
15-16, 1917. 

Major A. Wood Dillard 1913, from Baltimore, Md. Captain, Regular 

Infantry, A. E. F. Severely gassed in ac- 
tion, — , 1918. (Subsequently accident- 
ally killed.) 

Lt. Colonel John W. Downer.. 1902, from Norfolk, Va. F. A., A. E. F. 

Wounded, Spring of 1918. Again hit by 
bullets and severely gassed, while command- 
j ing a battalion of Artillery in support of an 

extensive raid, near Beaumont, France, 
March 11, 1918. Received D. S. C. and Croix 
de Guerre for gallantry in this action, and 
later. Cross of Legion of Honour. 

Major Richard B. Dunbar. . 1908, from Augusta, Ky. lllth Engineers. A. 

E. F. Slightly gassed in St. Mihiel Offen- 
sive. 

Captain Charles A. Etheridge.1915, from Norfolk, Va. U. S. M. C. Wounded 

in action in Chateau Thierry Sector, July 
, 1918. 

2nd Lieutenant Preston K. 1917. from Goldsboro, N. C. 60th Infantry, 
Faison 5th Div., A. E. F. Severely wounded in ac- 
tion in France, September 16, 1918, at Bois- 
de Bon Vaux, St. Mihiel Offensive. 

1st Lieutenant John H. 1916, from New York City. 165th Infantry, 

Fechheimer 42nd Division, A. E. F. Slightly wounded in 

St. Mihiel Drive, September 28, 1918. 

2nd Lieutenant Joseph H. 1910, from Gainesville, Texas. Air Service, 

Garnett, Jr A. E. P. Fell over 500 feet in his Plane and 

sustained serious injuries. Right arm shat- 
tered. In Walter Reed Hospital as late as 
February, 1920. 

Captain Willis A. Garvey 1916, from Topeka, Kansas. Battery "P," 15th 

F. A., 2nd Div., A." E. F. While acting as 
Liaison Officer in the fighting before Rheims, 
Oct. 3-9, 1918, was slightly wounded, Octo- 
ber 7th. 

Captain Lester T. Gayle, Jr. . 1912, from Portsmouth, Va. 26th Infantry, 

1st Division, A. E. F. Transferred to Air 
Service. Severely injured in line of duty, 
when his Plane fell to the earth. Many 
months in Hospital, and finally retired from^ 
the Service by action of Medical Board, No- 
vember, 1919, permanently disabled. Ap- 
pointed Q. M. at V. M. I., 1920. 

Captain Gustave R. Gerson. . 1912, from Houston, Texas. Medical Corps, 

B. E. F. Wounded in action, while serving 
with the Scotch Highlanders. Decorated for 
conspicuous gallantry, and transferred to 
A. E. F., and promoted. 



Casualties: Wounded (Continued) 93 

Captain Larkin W. Glaze- 1918, from Washington, D. C. F. A., A. B. F. 

brook, Jr Wounded in action aboujt July 21, 1918. 

Later, in St. Mihiel Sector when his horse 
was killed under him, was seriously hurt, 
and next day was severely gassed. Removed 
to Hospital, and, when he found himself 
alone, escaped, and again went into the battle 
nearby, and was again gassed. When he was 
returned to the Hospital he was severely 
reprimanded and promoted! Invalided home 
and long in Hospital. (At the first Fori 
Myer Officers' Training School he stood first 
among the 400 candidates there, and first 
among the 140 who passed the final test and 
were recommended for commissions. 
Captain Benjamin A. Good- 1917, from Norfolk, Va. U. S. M. C. Wounded 

man in action in France, , 1918. Ordered 

home, and assigned to command of S. A. T. C. 
at V. M. I. 
1st Lieutenant Milton M. 1912, from Nashville, Tenn. F. A., A. E. F. 

Guthrie Slightly wounded in action in Picardy, 

Spring of 1918. 
Captain J. Addison Hagan. . 1916, from Richmond, Va. U. S. M. C, A. E. F. 

Severely wounded in action, June 11, 1918, 
at Belleau Wood. After suffering for more 
than a year, he was retired by a Medical 
Board, with the rank of Captain. 
1st Lieutenant William A. 1918, from Clifton Forge, Va. Infantry, 80th 

Haley, Jr Division, A. E. F. Wounded at , 

1918. 
2nd Lieuteaant Thomas 1909, from Danville, Va. Light Tank Service, 

Hamlin, Jr. A. E. F. Slightly wounded in action in the 

Argonne Forest, Oct. 10, 1918, and promoted 
from Sergeant to 2nd Lieutenant for gal- 
lantry. 

Captain G. M. Harrison 1907, from Fredericksburg, Va. H. Q. Co., 

116th Infantry, 80th Div., A. E. F. Severely 
wounded in knee in action, October 18, 1918, 
in the Argonne Offensive, and in Hospital as 
late as January, 1919. He was the only of- 
ficer left of his Company, after this terrific 
drive. 

Captain Jack S. Hart 1917, from Weatherford, Texas. U. S. M. C. 

Wounded in action at Bois de Belleau, June 
24, 1918, and severely gassed, and again 
wounded in action, Sept. 15, 1918, at St. 
Mihiel. Twice cited for extraordinary brav- 
!"■ ery, and received D. S. C, Croix de Guerre 
■ and the Naval Cross, and afterwards the 

MEDAL OF HONOUR. 

Major Jack Hastie, Jr 1912, from Seattle, Wash. 2d Cavalry (Reg.) 

A. E. F. Severely gassed in action. Later 
seriously hurt in victorious inter-allied Polo 
Contest in Paris. Invalided home. 
2nd Lieutenant Herbert R. 1914, from Warrenton, Va., "Irish Guards," 

Hordern B. E. F. Desperately wounded in the spine 

in action at Thiepval, France, Aug. 2, 1916, 
and not entirely recovered, three and a half 
years later. 



94 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

1st Lieutenant Richard M. 1917, from Savannah, Ga. 4th Infantry, A. E. 

Hull F. Severely wounded in action in France, 

, 1918. 

Captain William H. 1915, from Crozet, Va. 58th Infantry, A. E. F. 

Humphreys Severely w^ounded in action, July 18, 1918, 

in Chateau Thierry Salient. (Subsequently 
killed in action.) 
Major E. Hammond Johnson. 1904, from Norfolk, Va. 38th Infantry, A. E. F. 

Wounded in action in the closing days ol 
the War. (Subsequently died in the Ser- 
vice, while with the Army of Occupation.) 
Captain Charles Johnston. .. 1902, from Roanoke, Va. 111th Infantry, 28th 

Division, A. E. F. Severely wounded in ac- 
tion near Fismes, France, August 12, 1918. 
1st Lieut. Catesby Ap C 1913, from Richmond, Va. 3rd Cavalry, A. E. F. 

Jones Seriously injured by a kick of his horse 

(skull cracked), while on duty, and many 
months in Hospital. Later, invalided home, 
but finally recovered and returned to duty. 
Received decoration from Belgium. 

J. Julian Jordan 1910, from Hinton, W. Va. After serving his 

term at O. T. School at Fort Benjamin Har- 
rison, at beginning of War, was severely in- 
jured in May, 1918, when en route to join his 
" ' cavalry command. 
Brig. General Charles E. 1894, from Washington, D. C. U. S. A., A. E. 
Kilbourne F. Severely wounded in France, while serv- 
ing on Staff of Major General Wood, in 
Spring of 1918. 
1st Lieutenant Clarke 0. 1915, from Hampton, Va. 12th F. A., A. E. F. 

Kimberly Gassed, July 21, 1918, near Vierzy, and three 

months in Hospital. Three Citations and 
Croix de Guerre. 
2nd Lieutenant John B. 1917, from Old Point, Va. 343rd F. A., 9th 

Kimberly, Jr Division, A. E, F. Wounded at St. Mihiel. 

Sergeant Russell B. Kimbley. 1920, from Okmulgee, Okla. 117th Field Batta- 
lion, Signal Corps, A. E. F. Slightly wound- 
ed in Argonne Offensive. 
Major Matthew H. Kingman. 1913, from Des Moines, Iowa. U. S. M. C. 

Wounded in action, June 6, 1918, at Belleau 
Wood. "Croix de Guerre with Palm." 
Corporal Harry J. Kittrell. . 1916, from Mount Pleasant, Tenn. Co. "L," 

117th Infantvy, 30th Div., A. E. F. Wounded 
at Estrees, France. (Taken prisoner, but 
re-captured same day by his own Company.) 

Captain B. V. M. La Rue 1896, from Kansas City, Mo. 335th Infantry, 

A. E. F. Severely wounded in Meuse-Ar- 
gonne Offensive. (Died soon afterwards of- 
pneumonia following influenza.) 
Captain George B. Lockhart. 1917, from Honaker, Va. U. S. M. C, A. E. F. 

Wounded and gassed in action in the fight- 
ing of the Marines, June 2-14, 1918. 
Captain William Lohmeyer, 1916, from Charleston, W. Va. Corps of Engi- 

Jr neers, U. S. A., A. E. F. Very seriously 

wounded in action near Chateau Thierry, 
July, 1918. Not yet recovered. 
Private William J. Loth, Jr. .1914, from Waynesboro, Va. British Expedi- 
tionary Force. Disabled on Piave River, 
Italy, and invalided home, after 3 years and 
31 days' Service under the British Flag. 



Casualties: Wounded (Continued) 95 

1st Lieutenant S. A. Lough- 1904, from Lexington, Ky. Severely injured 

ridge by an explosion in the B. E. F. 

Major R. G. Lyne 1916, from Orange, Va. Captain of 51st F. A., 

A. E. F. Slightly wounded at St. Mihiel, 

Sept. 12, 1918, where his battery received 

special mention. Promoted soon afterwards. 

1st Lieutenant George M. 1910, from Savannah, Ga. Tank Corps, A. B. F. 

Maclean Wounded in action at — ' , France, , 

1918. 
Captain Richard J. Marshall. 1915, from Portsmouth, Va. Commanding 6th 

F. A., 1st Division, A. E. F. Severely wound- 
ed, Ncv. 1, 1918, in Meuse-Argonne Offen- 
sive, and in Hospital until March 1, 1919. 
Captain Horatio P. Mason, 1917, from Hampton, Va. U. S. Marine Corps. 

Jr Wounded at , , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant W. • F. 1919. from Glen AJlen, Va. A. S., A. B. F. 

Melton Injured while flying in France. 

Captain Edward R. Michaux. 1917, from Goldsboro, N. C. Co. "L," 60th 

(Regular) Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 
Wounded in action in Prance at Cunel, 
October 12, 1918. Cited by a GenerarOfRcer 
for conspicuous bravery. 
1st Lieutenant James A. 1914, from Richmond, Va. 47th (Regular) In- 

Miller . fantry. Severely wounded in two places in 

action in France, July , 1918. Again 

severely wounded at , Sept, , 

1918. 
1st Lieutenant J. Craig 1916, from Huntington, W. Va. Engineers, 

Miller, Jr later, F. A., A. B. P. Severely gassed near 

Lucy-le-Bocage, June, 1918. 
Captain Morgan R. Mills, Jr.. 1917 from Richmond, Va. U. S. Marine Corps, 

A. B. F. Wounded in action at Chateau 

Thierry, June — ' , 1918. Decorated. 

1st Lieutenant Charles A. 1909, from New York City. 305th Infantry, 

Minton 77th Division, A. E. F. Severely gassed 

in Meuse-Argonne Offensive, early in Octo- 
ber, 1918. (Later died in Service.) 
Captain Charles Ellet Moore. 1913, from Berryville, Va. 23rd Infantry, A. 

E. F. Severely wounded at Vaux, July 1, 
1918, and still in Hospital, Nov., 1920. 

Major D. G. Morrissett 1912, from Lynchburg, Va. Ammunition 

Train, 1st Div., A. B. F. Severely wounded 
in action in Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Oct. 
2, 1918. 
Captain George G. Munce. . . . 1914, from Richmond, Va. U. S. Marine Corps, 

A. E. F. Wounded at St. Etienne, Meuse- 
Argonne, October 8, 1918. Decorated. 
2nd Lieutenant John Mc- 1917, from New York City. Co. "B," 107th 

Anerney, II Infantry, A. E. F. Severely wounded in 

Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Stpt. 29, 1918. 
(Lost an eye.) 
1st Lieutenant William S. 1909, from Independence, Mo. 355th Infantry, 

McCoy 89th Division, A. B. F. Severely wounded 

in thigh. Sept 13, 1918, at St. Mihiel, and 
evacuated from Hospital, December 19, 1918. 
2nd Lieutenant Stephen Y. 1917, from Duluth, Minn. 319th Infantry, 
McGiffert A. B. F. Severely wounded at Meuse-Ar- 
gonne Offensive, Oct. 4, 1918. Invalided home 
December, 1918, and many months In Hospi- 
tal. 



96 Virginia Military Institute— World War Eecoru 

Captain John L. McKee 1915, from Richmond, Va. 7th Infantry, A. -E. 

F. Disabled, when his horse was killed un- 
der him in action at Chateau Thierry, June, 
1918. Invalided home, Oct. 1918. Returned 
to duty December, 1918. 

Private John McKinney 1916, from Northport, N. Y. Co. "G," 105th 

Infantry, 27th Div., A. E. F. Severely 
wounded in action in Flanders, August 31, 
1918, battle of Kimmel Hill. 

Major Donald R. McMillen. . . 1909, from Whitewater, Wis. 9th M. G. Batta- 
lion, 3rd Div., A. E. F. Severely gassed 
twice and evacuated to Hospital, and ope- 
rated on for appendicitis two days later. 

Lt. Colonel Donald M. McRae. 1912, from Washington, D. C. British Ex- 
Force, from Private to Major. Infantry, 
A. E. F. from Captain to Lt. Col. Wounded 
at Vimey Ridge, April 9, 1917, while in the 
Canadian Aimy. 

Captain Charles P. Nash. ... 1917. from Alderson, W. Va. U. ,S. Marine 

Corps, A. E. F. Aviation Section. Shot 
down with his Plane when 2,000 feet above 
the earth. Lost an arm, and made prisoner 
of War, September 13, 1918. Awarded D. 
S. C. 

Captain James A. Nichols, 1910, from Petersburg, Va. Acting Battalion 

Jr Commander, 345th F. A., A. E. F. Wounded 

three times slightly, near Rheims, July 1, 

at St. Mihiel, Sept. , and near Stency, 

Oct. , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant J. Christian 1913, from Lynchburg, Va. 30th Infantry, A. 

Nowlin,* Jr E. F., 3d Division. Severely wounded in 

action at , October 9, 1918. 

Corporal B. B. Owens 1914, from Winston-Salem, N. C. First "Royal 

Fusiliers," B. E. F. Later, M. G. Co., 49th 
Battalion, H. Q. Section. Blown out of a 
trench, buried and gassed — all in 24 hours. 
iSeverely wounded in action in Belgium, Oct. 
7, 1917. Decorated. 

Ist Lieutenant John C. 1914, from Franklin, Va. Pilot in Air Service, 

Parker A. E. F. 2nd Aviation Centre, Tours, France. 

Severely injured by defective motor in Plane, 
causing it to drop to the earth. His life was 
only saved by his belt breaking, which 
caused him to fall clear of his machine when 
it struck the ground. 

Col. George S. Patton, III... 1907, from San Gabriel, Calif. Tank Corps, 

A. E. F. Seriously wounded in action, Sep- 
tember 26th, 1918. Decorated. 

Captain Allan C. Perkinson. 1914, from Petersburg, Va. U. S. Marine Corps. 

Wounded in action near Soissons, July 19, 
1918. Decorated. 

Major James W. Peyton 1906, from Charlottesville, Va. Infantry, A. 

E. F. Severely wounded in action at , 

France, — , 1918. 

2nd Lieutenant George E, 1916, from Washington, D. C. Quartermaster 

Pickett, III Corps, A. E. F. Knee crushed and right 

arm broken, while driving an ambulance in 
an emergency in France, the day before 
ordered home. Maimed for life. Still in 
Walter Reed Hospital, Nov., 1920, 



Casualties: Wounded (Continued) ■ 97 

1st Lieutenant Reid M. 1908, from Lynchburg, Va. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Pierce Slightly wounded in action at , France, 

, 1918. 

1st Lieutenant Washington 1912, from Smithfield, Va. 1st Battalion, 60th 

Reed Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. Severely 

wounded near Pont-a-Mousson, France, Sept. 
25, 1918. Three decorations. 

1st Lieutenant Walter A. 1913, from Clifton Station, Va. Co. "G," 326th 

Richards Inf., 82nd Div., A. E. F. Twice wounded iu 

action at Aire River, Meuse-Argonne Offen- 
sive, Oct. 11, 1918. Second wound very seri- 
ous, requiring the sixteenth operation, Jan., 
1920. (Left arm useless.) Decorated. 

Private KifEn Y. Rock- 1912, from Asheville, N. C. French Foreign 

well. Legion. Severely wounded at Arras, France, 

May 9, 1915. (Subsequently killed in Air 
Service.) 

2nd Lieutenant Frank E. 1917, from Norfolk, Va. 60th Infantry, 5th 

Schlegel Division, A. E. F. Slightly wounded at 

, France, , 1918. 

Amb. Driver Bryan W. 1920, from Reading, Pa. Wrist broken in line 

Schwartz of duty, Jan. 1, 1918, in France. 

Captain Lemuel C. Shep- 1917, from Norfolk, Va. U. S. Marine Corps, 

herd, Jr A. E. F. Wounded in neck in action at 

Chateau Thierry, June 3, again wounded 
severely in hip at Bois de Belleau, June 7, 
1918, having fought four days with bullet in 
his neck, declining medical treatment for the 
first wound. Severely wounded the third 
time at Mont Blanc Ridge, Oct. 8. Two 
decorations. 

1st Lieutenant H. C. F. 1919, from Bedford, Va. First Pioneer Regi- 

Sitwell ment, A. E. F. Severely gassed in action at 

^— , France, August , 1918. 

1st Lieutenant Alan M. 1912, from Birmingham, Ala. 167th Infa-ntry, 

Smith A. E. F. Severely wounded in action in 

Chateau . Thierry Salient July 26, 1918. 

Captain Frank M. Smith 1907, from Rogersville, Tenn. 61st Inf., 5th 

Div., A. E. F. Wounded near Cunel, France, 
Oct. 14, 1918. Cited for gallantry by a Gen- 
eral Officer. 

Major Walter C. Smith 1909, from Wheeling, W. Va. 319th Inf., A. E. 

F. Slightly wounded, Argonne Drive. 

2nd Lieutenant Vernon L. 1915, from Bloxom, Va. Slightly wounded in 
Somers action in France, May 3, 1918. (Subse- 
quently killed in action.) Decorated post- 
humously. 

2nd Lieutenant William G. 1918, from Baltimore, Md. Air Service, U. S. 

Speed, Jr A. Maimed for life in aeroplane crash, while 

instructing students. In Hospital six 
months. Right leg permanently injured. 

Captain George A. Speer, Jr. 1912, from Atlanta, Ga. Resigned Lieutenancy 

in U. S. Army and joined British Expedi- 
tionary Force in France. Wounded in ac- 
tion several times. Decorated. 

1st Lieutenant J. Vincil 1910, from Kansas City, Mo. Adjutant, 3rd 

Stark Battn., 140th Regular Infantry, A. E. F. 

Wounded twice, Sept. 26-29, 1918, at the 
Marne. Lost little finger of right hand, and 
struck in thigh. 



98 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Sergeant Albert L. Taylor. . 1910, from Swissvale, Pa. 110th Infantry, A. 

B. F. Gassed in action at , France, 

Sept. 8, 1918. 

Captain James Taylor 1918, from Orange, N. J. 301st Battalion, Tank 

Corps, B. E. F. Wounded in action at Mon- 
trebain, (Somme), October 23, 1918. 

John A. Thomas 1918, from Scranton, Pa. While serving the 

Government as Chemist severely injured by 
poisonous gases, and not recovered until 
after many months in Hospital. 

1st Lieutenant James D. 1901, from Suffolk, Va. A. E. F. Severely 
Twitty gassed and in Hospital many months. 

Colonel Edmund C. Waddill. 1903, from Richmond, Va. While commanding 

Battalion of Infantry in the Chateau TTiierry 
Sector, June 25, 1918, "during a heavy gas 
attack, disregarding his own danger, he re- 
fused to be evacuated until he was so badly 
gassed that his face was black." Awarded 
D. S. C. 

2nd Lieutenant Harry H. 1919, from Santa Barbara, California. Air 

Webb Service, A. E. F. Lost hand in line of duty 

in an explosion at Issoudun, France, result 
of an accident, May 10, 1918. 

Private Harry B. Welborne. . 1906, from Murray Hill, N. J. 104th Engi- 
neers, 29th Division, A. E. F. Slightly gassed 
in action in Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 

VEajor Edgar M. Whiting 1904, from Marshall, Va. 77th F. A., A. E. F. 

Severely wounded in action near Fere-en- 
Tardenois, France, August 7, 1915. 

Captain Thomas S. Whiting. . 1917, from Hampton, Va. U. S. Marine Corps, 

A. E. F. Received five (or more) severe 
wounds and many smaller ones in action at 
Chateau Thierry, June 2, 1918. Decorated. 

Private Richard F. Wierum. 1919, from Montclair, N. J. Co. "1," 107th In- 
fantry, A. E. F. Wo.unded at , , 

1918. 

Major Frederick J. Williams. 1915, from Ridgewood N. J. Many months in 

Hospital, Trier, Germany, and in U. S. from 
effects of being gassed. Subsequently died 
at his Post at Camp Stotsenberg, P. I., from 
injury reed, while playing Polo. ^ 

Captain Rogers M. Wilson. . 1911, from Savannah, Ga. Co. "L," 18th In- 
fantry, A. E. F. Severely wounded in ac- 
tion at Soissons, France, July 21, 1918, while 
commanding his battalion, and in Hospital 
many months. Decorated. 

Lt. Colonel Jennings C. Wise. 1902, from Richmond, Va. While Major of 

318th Infantry, 80th Div., A. E. F., he was 
slightly wounded in action in the Meuse- 
Argonne Offensive, Oct. 4, 1918. 

1st Lieutenant Austin W. 1917, from Suffolk, Va. 307th Inf., 77th Div.. 

Woolford A. E. F. Lost left arm in action, Oct. 4, 

1918, in Meuse-Argonne Offensive. (Three 
wound stripes.) 

1st Lieutenant William B. 1914, from Harrisonburg, Va. 51st Inf., M. G. 

Yancey Company, 6th Div., A. E. F. Wounded in 

action by H. E. Shell, Sept. 15, 1918. 



Casualties: Wounded (Cont'd)— Prisoners of War 



99 



Major Rice McNutt Youell. . 1914, from Norton, Va. (formerly Rockbridge 

Co., Va). 26th Inf., A. E. F. Painfully 
wounded, Oct. 1, 1918, in action near Ver- 
dun, France. Decorated. 



Captain Charles P. Nash. 



First Lieutenant John C. 
Nelsori, Jr 



First Lieutenant R. Barn- 
well Rhett 



Corporal Harry J. Kittrell. 



PRISONERS OF WAR. 

1917, from Alderson, W. Va. U. S. Marine 
Corps, A. E. F. Pilot in Aviation Squadron. 
While patrolling in Germany, September 13, 
1918, lost his way, owing to weather condi- 

> tions, was shot down and made prisoner, 
losing an arm. Was released after the 
Armistice, (See "Wounded.") 

1918, from Norfolk, Va. 119th Infantry, 30th 
. Division, A. E. F. Made prisoner at Belli- 

court, France, September 29, 1918. Released 
immediately after the Armistice. 
1910, from Charleston, S. C. British Expedi- 

. tionary Force. He was made a prisoner, 
March 28, 1918, while serving as Medical Of- 
ficer of the Queen's Westminster Regiment, 
56th Division. He was never wounded, but 
was slightly gassed, though he did not re- 
port sick. After the Armistice he was re- 
leased by the Enemy. The British Govern- 
ment decorated him with the "Military 
Cross" for his splendid work on the battle- 
field, March 28, 1918, the day he was cap- 
tured. 

.1916, from Mount Pleasant, Tenn. 117th In- 
fantry, 30th Division. Wounded at Estrees, 
France. Captured, September 29, 1918, at 
Bellicourt, France, but recaptured same day 
by his own Company. 



100 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



SOME ALUMNI IN CIVIL SERVICE DURING 
THE WORLD WAR. 



H. G. Albert Md., 1907. Recommended by Autborities in 

Wasbington for Major of Engineers, but not 
called to Service because of blindness in one 
eye. Did important Government work dur- 
ing War. 

James G. Allen N. Y., 1913. Professor, New York Military 

Academy during War. 

Ralph H. Bader Va., 1908. Vice-Consul at Teheren, Persia. 

He tried to resign and enter the Military 
Service, but was requested by the Govern- 
, ment to continue at his post, where he is 
still serving. 

Edward M. Barron N. C, 1906. In Government Service at Cus- 
toms House, New York. 

J. H. C. Beverley Va., 1873. Member, County Draft Board. 

William T. Biedler Md., 1908. Elec. Engr. Supt. Elec. Constn., 

Consol. Gaslight & P. Co. of Bait. Services 
required by Govt. 

Benjamin O. Blackford Va., 1894. Continued to hold important posi- 
tion under U. S. Railroad Administration. 
(Two brothers in the Service, one giving up 
his life.) 

C. M. Blomquist Miss., 1912. Rejected for Military Service on 

account of physical disability; but serving 
the Government with honour by making all 
the food and cotton for munition plants, 
and buying all the Liberty Bonds, possible, 
throughout the War. 

Allmand M. Blow Va., 1910. (Met. E., Columbia University.) 

Engineer Dept., Non-Ferrous Metallurgy, 
Bureau of Air Craft Production, U. S. A. 
Resignation to enter Military Service not ac- 
cepted, because of value of his services in 
this Government position. Alter War Oil 
Producer, 241 Kennedy Building, Tulsa, Okla. 

Howard Bruce Va., 1897. Pres. Bartlett Hayward Co. Plant 

devoted to mfr. of munitions during War. 

Samuel E. Burgin Ala., 1917. With Mobile Shipbuilding Co. and 

exempted from Military Service, because in 
an industry essential to the Government. 

Murray F. Burleson Texas, 1911. Engineer with Expanded Metal 

Co. on Government Work. 

W. B. Campbell Pa., 1914. Held responsible position with Mid- 
vale -Steel Co., and exempted from Military 
Service as being engaged in an industry es- 
sential to the successful prosecution of the 
War. 



George L. Carson. 



, Va., 1913. Chemist with Bartlett Hayward 
Munition Plant, and with U. S. .Steel Cor- 
poration, on Government work. 



Some Alumni in Civil Service During World War (Cont'd) 101 

James S. Carter Va., 1916. Rejected for Military Service, ac- 
count of defective vision, but engaged 
throughout the War as Engineer in large 
Steel Plant doing Government Work. 

H B Caskie Va., 1909. Engineer, Steel Works whose out- 
put was required by the Government. 

Thomas F Clemmer Va., 1916. One of four brothers who volun- 
teered for the War; one. Captain R. H. 
Clemmer (V. M. I.) of 351st F. A., and an- 
other killed in action in France. The sole 
support of his aged father on his farm, he 
was honourably exempted from Military 
Service. 

Clarence Coleman C. E. Mem. Am. Soc, C. E. Va., 1866. For 

many years, and until his death, October 31, 
1918, United States 'Assistant Engineer, en- 
gaged, under the Chief Engineer, U. S. A., 
in constructing stupendous works at Duluth 
and at other Lake Superior points (succeed- 
ing a Colonel of Engineers, U, S. A.), and 
Special Disbursing Agent, Engineer Corps, 
U. S. A. (Since his death his position has 
been held by a Colonel of the Engineer Corps, 
U. S. A.) 

WW Cosby Va., 1916. Essential service during the War 

as Post Adjutant at the Virginia Military 
Institute. 

Alfred F. Crenshaw Va., 1909. Engineer with Du Pont Powder 

Company. 

Charles F Cross, Jr Va., 1915. Supervisor of Collections with 

Chesapeake & Potomac T. & T. Co., and 
deemed to be best serving the Government 
where he was. 

Benjamin F Crowson Va., 1910. Principal, Charlotte Hall Academy, 

Md. 

Malcolm H. Crump Va., 1873. Southern Field Agent in interest 

of "Preparedness for War" propaganda, and 
rendered fine service. (Son, Old Cadet, Of- 
ficer in A. E. F.) 

John Randolph Dean Ky., 1911. Chief Chemist for J. Hungerford 

Smith Co., Rochester, N. Y., doing Gbvern- 
■ ment Work. 

Robert L. Eastham Va., 1912. Rejected for Military Service on 

account of physical disability, but served ef- 
ficiently as Commandant of a Military School, 
fitting men for the Service. 

Ernest C. Echols Va., 1914. Entered at first O. T. School at Fort 

Myer, but, later, rejected on account of phy- 
sical disability. Was manager of Coal Com- 
panies, throughout the War. (Three broth- 
ers. Graduates, officers in the Service. 

Murray F. Edwards Mo., 1907. In charge as Inspector of all Red 

Cross Work in Department of Calvados, 
France. 16 Hospitals with about 50,000 beds. 
He had volunteered for military service, 1917, 
but was rejected because of defective eye- 
sight. 



102 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 



William H. Edwards Va., 1912. Engineer; engaged in manufacturing 

explosives for the Government, throughout 
the War. 

James W. Engleman, Jr Va., 1914. In Government Railway Service 

during the War. 

Emory A. Field Ohio, 1916. Chief Engineer, Cabin Creek Re- 
fining Company, W. Va., working for Govern- 
ment. 

W. H. Plenniken, Jr S. C, 1916. Repeatedly rejected for Military 

Service because of physical disability. De- 
voted all his energies in an "essential" oc- 
cupation. 

Grenville Gaines Va., 1874. Chairman, U. S. Fuel Commission 

for Fauquier Co., Va. 

Roger Gant N. C, 1909. Manager, Cotton Mill whose en- 
tire output was used by the Government. 

Daniel M. Garber N. Y., 1909. Engineer and Contractor. En- 
gaged in constructing Customs House in 
North Carolina and other important Gov- 
ernment buildings, during the War. 

Edward DuPont Gelzer Va.. 1912. Engineer with DuPont Munition 

■ Plant at City Point, Va. 

Alonzo H. Gentry Mo., 1908. In Government Service with U. S. 

Housing Corporation, Hampton Roads Dis- 
trict. 

Otis A. Glazebrook, D. D Va., 1866. United States Consul at Jerusalem 

throughout the War. (appointed by President 
Wilson in 1914), and rendered most valua- 
ble and distinguished service in protecting 
the interests of his own Country and of 
other countries. 

William M. Gwin, Jr Calif., 1899. Valuable member of French War 

Cross, from beginning of War. Served in 
Serbia and Greece for two years, ministering 
to refugees from typhus fever, and, later, 
Secretary and Int-erpreter to the Sanitary 
' I.' Inspector-General of the Serbian Army. Still 

later, transferred to the A. E. P. and Gen- 
eral Manager of Distributing Service in 
Paris. 

Chamblin F. Hancock Va., 1911. With Air Craft Corporation, in ser- 
vice of Government. 

C. Nathan Hancock Va., 1904. Engaged in Government Construc- 
tion Work during the War. 

Edward H. Hancock Va., 1908. Engineer and Contractor. Engaged 

in erecting Camps and Cantonments for Gov- 
ernment, and homes for DuPont Munition 
Plant at Hopewell. 

Reginald L. Harris N. C, 1911. Secretary-Treasurer of various 

Cotton Mills in North Carolina whose entire 
output was used by the Government. 

A. W. Hawks W. Va., New Market Corps. Two years' ser-"* 

vice in Army and Navy Y. M. C. A. 

S. L. Hayes Ga., 1909. Secretary and Treasurer of Cotton 

Mill in Georgia whose entire output was 
used by the Government, and his services 
needed there. 



Some Alum'ni in Civil Service During World War (Cont'd) 103 

Edwin Hodge, Jr Ky., 1910. Manager, Steel Works. On Gov- 
ernment Work. 
Burdette L. Hostettler Pa., 1906. Mechanical Engineer, and Foreman, 

large Government Plant. Died in the Service, 

of pneumonia, November 1, 1918. 
Charles B. Howry, Jr D. C, 1905. Secretary, Y. M. C. A., A. E. F., 

and correspondent of various Magazines and 

Newspapers. 
Morgan H. Hudgins Va., 1901. Prin. Pishburne Military School, 

fitting young men for Military Service. 
Washington Hull N. Y., 1912. Engineer with DuPont Powder 

Works. 

J. P. Hundley Ky., 1907. County Food Administrator. 

William M. Hunley Professor, V. M. I. Secretary of Virginia 

Council of Defense from its organization till 
' February, 1918. 
Frank E. Hutchinson W. Va., 1912. Superintendent, Logan Coal Co., 

W. Va., and exempted from Military Service. 
Harold Hutchinson W. Va., 1917. Engineer with Logan Coal Co., 

W. Va., and exempted from Military Service. 

Ernest L. Ives Va., 1910. In full charge of Consulates at 

Nantes and Paris as Vice-Consul, since 1917, 
and incidentally did much relief work. (He 
had been Vice-Consul in Germany for two 
years prior to 1914.) Promoted from Class 
7 to Class 6, June 1, 1920. 

Bradley T. Johnson Va., 1903. Appointed 2nd Lieutenant, U. S. 

R. C, but services retained by DuPont Muni- 
tion Plant as Superintendent of Smokeless 
Powder Dept. 

L. L. Jones Ga., 1909. Secretary, Canton Cotton Mills, Ga., 

whose entire output was used by the Gov- 
ernment. 

Charles E. Kain Texas, 1907. Commandant, Cadets, Dallas, 

Texas, High School during the War. About 
to enter Military Service when Armistice 
occurred. 

Patrick L. Kane Va., 1912. Engineer with U. S. Emergency 

Fleet Corporation. Resignation to enter 
Military Service not accepted. (Two V. M. 
T. brothers in the Military Service.) 

Fordyce K. Kimbell Mo., 1913. Engineer engaged in building es- 
sential Railway Terminals, at Dallas, Texas, 
during the War, and in other construction 
work. 

George E. Lancer Va., 1914. Rejected for Service in U. S. En- 
gineers on account of physical disability, 
then, throughout War, served as Foreman 
of DuPont Munition Plant. 

A. H. Land Va., 1890. United States Fuel Representative, 

State of West Virginia. 

Marshall M. Langhorne Va., 1891. Secretary of Legation at Hague, 

Holland, and served in other capacities dur- 
ing the War. 

S.H.Lea ^ ..*... Ala., 1881. (Candidate for Commn.) When 

he failed to receive the Commission prom- 
ised, he engaged in various War activities. 



104 ViRGiJMiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

James A. Le Gore Md., 1911. Instructor of Chemistry at Marion 

(Ala.) Inst., fitting students for Military 
Service. 

Arthur P. Lewis Mass., 1908. Engineer with Miller Rubber Co., 

Akron, Ohio, on Government work. 

William D. Lewis, Jr W. Va., 1906. Coal Operator (Essential Indus- 
try.) 

Marion T. Mahone Va., 1910. Supervisor of DuPont Powder Plant 

at City Point, Va. 

William Mahone, Jr Va., 1904. Engineer in service of Government. 

J. N. Major Va., 1907. In charge of Canning Factory in 

Government Service. 

Howard G. Martin Va., 1914. Rejected for Military Service be- 
cause of "Essential Occupation," being 
Deputy Clerk of Norfolk County Court and 
of Circuit Court of City of Norfolk. (V. 
M. I. brother, officer in the Military Ser- 
vice.) 

William W. Massie Va., 1919. Supervisor, DuPont Ammunition 

Plant, Hopewell, Va., during War. 

H. E. Mecredy Va., 1906. Supervisor at DuPont Munition 

Works, City Point, Va. 

James R. Mecredy Va., 1911. Chemist, engaged in "Essential 

Industry" for prosecuting the War. 

William A. Mehegan Va., 1884. Y. M. C. A. Secretary with A. E. F., 

in charge of Transporation Work. (He re- 
signed the Agency of the Adams Express 
Co. in Richmond, Va., which he had held 
successfully for over 20 years, to go over- 
seas and engage in this work, although over 
fifty years of age.) 

Oscar L. Miles, Jr '^rk., 1914. With Louisiana National Guard 

on Mexican Border Service, 1916-1. Re- 
turned to duty with Missouri Pacific Rail- 
way, and served in his "essential" posi- 
tion during War. 

A. C. Miller Ga., 1912. In Government Service before and 

during the War as Civil and Mechanical En- 
gineer on Panama Canal. 

W. H. Milton, D. D Va., 1888. Member, War Church Commission. 

Philip L. Minor Pa., 1903. Consulting Engineer, U. S. Munition 

Plant No. 2, at Nitro, W. Va. 

Arthur H. Mitchell Va., 1913. After service on Mexican Border, 

asked by Secretary of War to resign Com- 
mission and become Supervisor at DuPont 
Works at Wilmington, Delaware, where he 
served efficiently during the War. 

Charles P. McCabe Va., 1914. Engineer with Standard Steel Com- 
pany during War, on Government Contracts. 

William McFerren 111., 1907. U. S. Food Administrator at Hoope- 

ston. 111., until he entered the Military Ser- 
vice. (See 1st Lts., U. S. Army.) 

Llewellyn Neale, Jr Va., 1917. Entered at first Port Myer O. T. 

School, but rejected because not of age. 
Then he became Superintendent of Machinery 
Installation at Newport News Shipbuilding 
and Dry Dock Co.'s Plant. 



Some Alumni in Civil Service Dueing World War (Cont'd) 105 

Edward W. Nichols Va., 1878. Superintendent, V. M. I. President 

of Virginia Council of Defense from its or- 
ganization until February, 1918, and Member 
of various other War Organizations. Com- 
missioned Major, Engineers, U. S. A., Comdg. 
V. M. I. S. A. T.^C, October. 1918. (See 
Majors. ) 

Stephen N. Noble Ga., 1910. In charge of Department of Demur- 
rage and Storage, under U. S. Railroad Ad- 
ministration, in Alabama. 

John D. O'Reilly La., 1907. Member, Storage Committee, Coun- 
cil of National Defense. 

William Parker Va., 1912. Electrical Engineer with Allis- 

Chalmers Elec. Co., Atlanta, Ga. 

J. H. Peek Va., 1908. Engineer with DuPont Company and. 

later, with Baltimore Dry Dock & Shipbuild- 
ing Company, constructing Cargo Boats for 
the Emergency Fleet Corporation. 

Robert H. Poage Va., 1914. Recorder in Valuation Department, 

C. & O. Railway Company, under U. S. Rail- 
road Admr. 

John I. Rhodes Va., 1907. Important position under U. S. 

Railroad Administration. (Continuation of 
his pre-war duties.) 

James K. Ring Va., 1917. Foreman and Asst. Manager, Roa- 
noke City Flour Mills, and exempted by Gov- 
ernment from Military Service as filling an 
essential post. 

Thomas W. Roby, Jr Va., 1904. Continued to hold his important 

Engineer position, under the U. S. Railroad 
Admr. (Seaboard Railway Company.) 

Charles S. Roller Va., 1901. Private and Stretcher-bearer with 

314th Sanitary Train, 89th Division, A. E. P., 
and did valuable Red Cross Work. On his 
return to U. S., he was commissioned Cap- 
tain in American Red Cross by President 
Wilson, in appreciation and admiration of 
his splendid work. (See Enlisted Personnel.) 

Hal. E. Schenck N. C, 1914. Chemist. Volunteered repeatedly 

for active Military Service, but was turned 
down because he held an important position 
in large Cotton Mills in North Carolina, 
whose entire output was needed by the 
Government. (Two brothers in the Military 
Service.) 

John F. Schenck, Jr. N. C, 1914. Vice-President of several large 

Cotton Mills and other industrial concerns 
whose entire output was required by the 
Government, and, therefore, his services were 
deemed necessary, and he was exempted from 
Military Service. (Two brothers in the Mili- 
tary Service.) 



106 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



Allen M. Schoen Va., 1889. He applied for a commission in a 

combatant regiment and was offered a 
Majority, but was asked by the Government 
to decline it and perform important civil 
duties in the prosecution of the War. He 
was Chairman of U. S. Naval Consulting 
Board, Greorgia Committee; Member of Na- 
tional Engineer Societies Commission for 
organizing the Engineer Officers' Reserve for 
U. S. Army; Member, Advisory Committee 
of the U. S. R. R. Administration (Insurance 
Section) ; Division Chief of American Pro- 
tective League (Auxiliary Bureau of In 
vestigation, U. S. Department of Justice), 
etc. 

J. E. Sebrell, Jr Va., 1908. Continued in important positions in 

two Railroads under U. S. Railroad Admin- 
istration. 

Thomas W. Shelton Va., 1889. Chairman, Central Legal Board for 

Virginia. 

Frank A. Shufeldt, Jr La., 1913. Professor, New York Military Acad- 
emy, during the War. 

Stephen W. Siddle N. C, 1914. Engaged as Engineer in building 

and developing Lighter-than-Air Craft Bal- 
loons for War purposes. 

N. Porter Sims Ky., 1909. In U. S. Treasury Department. Sta- 
tioned in Paris during the War. 

Claude M. Skinner Md., 1917. Inspector of munitions, Bartlett 

Hayward Co.'s Plant, Baltimore, Md. 

Clarence E. Smith W. Va., 1905. United States Marshal. 

Harold W. Smith Va., 1911. V^olunteered at the beginning of the 

War, but was turned down because of the 
important work he was doing as Chief E'ec- 
trical Engineer with the Federal Shipbuild- 
ing Company. . 

J Kenyon Smith Mass., 1917. Received Commission, but later 

rejected for underweight. Was head of an 
important department in large Railway and 
Machinist Supp'y concern, during the War, 
and regarded as holding an "essential" posi- 
tion, under the law. 

Charles Gordon Snyder (Formerly Carl G. Schneider.) Minn., 1906 

Rejected upon volunteering on account of 
defective eyesight. He showed his patriotism 
then by changing his German name and en- 
gaging in industries to help the cause of his 
Country. 

Charles E. Stuart Va 1901. Chief of Power & Light Division, 

United States Fuel Administration. 

W O Sydnor, Jr Va., 1912. Rejected for Military Service, ac- 
count of physical disability. Continued to 
fill his important railway position, under the 
U. S. Railroad Administration. 

H A Tabb, M. D Va.. 1907. Medical Member of County Draft 

Board. 



Some Alumni in Civil Service Ddeing World War (Cont'd) 107 

Clyde Taylor Fla., 1900. Manufacturing lumber for use of 

Government during War. (Manager, Hirsch 
Lumber Company, Jacksonville, Fla.) 

John A. Thomas Pa., 1918. Chemist, Department Manager, The 

Rollin Chemical Corporation, Charleston, W. 
Va. Under Ordnance Department, U. S. A. 
during entire War. Seriously poisoned by 
fumes. 

Richard F. Wagner va., 1909. With Bureau of Yards and Docks, 

Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va. (Position he filled 
before the War.) 

Romeo Wagner Va., 1915. With DuPont Munition Plant at 

Hope\'ell, Va., in an essential capacity. 

R. H. Warner Mo., 1911. Auditor, Indiahoma (Oil) Refining 

Co., St. Louis. (Essential Industry.) 

Willis F. Westmoreland Ga., 1910. Manager, Steel Blast Furnace on 

Government work. 

Gilbert G. White Va., 1910. In Ordnance Department work. 

Isaac G. White Va., 1911. Asst. Superintendent, Acid Depart- 
ment, DuPont Powder Co. 

G. Otis Winston D. C, 1907. Paymaster with U. S. Shipping 

Board in New York, during the War. 

James M. Winston Va., 1900. Assistant Manager in charge of 

construction. Sun Shipbuilding Co., Ches- 
ter, Pa., building cargo vessels for Govern- 
ment during War. 

William P. Woolls Va., 1914. Lawyer and Town Attorney. Ap- 
plied for admission to first 0. T. School at 
Fort Myer, but disqualified by physical dis- 
ability for Military Service. He then served 
throughout the War on a United States Com- 
mission. 

Neil Young Va., 1899. Member, Electrical Division of War 

Industry Board, Council of National De- 
fense, 1917-18. 

W. Leslie Young Va., 1911. Foreman of Electrical Construction 

for the DuPont Powder Co. during War. 



108 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



*V. M. I. TRAINING CAMPS. 

First Camp— April 3rd to July 3rd, 1917. 



April 


2 


(( 


2 , 


(( 


3 


11 


3 


it 


3 


11 


3 


(t 


4 


n 


4 


It 


5 


(I 


5 


I( 


5 


(( 


6 


(( 


6 


It 


6 


ti 


6 


it 


9 


(( 


9 


(( 


9 


(( 


9 


11 


9 


It 


10 


it 


10 


It 


11 


it 


11 


It 


11 


it 


11 


II 


12 


It 


12 


It 


12 


II 


12 


It 


12 


It 


12 


It 


13 


II 


13 


II 


13 


11 


13 


l( 


13 


It 


13 


It 


13 


It 


14 


l( 


14 


u 


14 



MATRICULATES. 

Name Age 

C. Raymond Cole 20 

J. Clarkson Ogilvie 23 

Douglas S.Hill 18 

Herold R. Hofheimer 19 

Henry S. Wallerstein, Jr 20 

Julian G. Patton 20 

Later, entered V.M. I. and thence 
enlisted. 

Robert L. Wallerstein 26 

Edward H. Dadmun 18 

Douglas H. Lion 20 

Edward A. Hatton, Jr 19 

Entered V. M. I. Sept., 1918. 

James A. Oast 22 

Abraham W. Calisch 20 

Lewis A. Womble 20 

Isaac L. Eanes 23 

John W. Bovd 29 

Walter S. Galeski 22 

Darius T. Wool 23 

Ralph D. Wallerstein 25 

James M. Jordan, Jr 19 

Lewis Berkeley Cox 22 

First lieutenant, A. E. F. Severe- 
ly wounded; decorated. 

Ellis W. Butt 29 

P. H. Baughn 29 

Berryman Green 19 

Young D. Pendleton 22 

Courtland H. Smith 16 

George C. Walker 20 

Leroy Hutzler, Jr 21 

William W. Nichols 20 

George W. Goodwj'n 20 

Henry W. Maclin 21 

Roslyn D. Young 20 

Thomas H. Pratt 23 

Vincent L. Parker 28 

Frank O. Strailman, Jr 21 

John L. Holmes 21 

vSamuel S. Holmes 22 

Alfred P. Page, Jr 21 

Albert M. Rothschild 18 

Arthur D. Scott 20 

William S. Hopkins, Jr 22 

Robert G. Rennolds 26 

Munro Black 20 



Post-Office 
Simpson, Va. 
Virginia Beach, Va. 
Locust Dale, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Newport News, Va. 



Richmond, Va. 

Norfolk, Va. 
Manassas, Va. 
Portsmouth, Va. 

Portsmouth, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Richmond, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Baltimore, Md. 



Portsmouth, Va. 
Harrisonburg, Va. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Churchland, Va. 
Laurel Hill, Va. 
Lynchburg, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Petersburg, Va. 
Petersburg, Va. 
Petersburg, Va. 
Petersburg, Va. 
Ridgefield, N. J. 
Portsmouth, Va. 
Petersburg, Va. 
Jacksonville, Fla. 
Jacksonville, Fla. 
Norfolk, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Richmond, Va. 
Lexington, Va., A. E. F. 
Richmond, Va. 
Norfolk, Va. 



*These Camps were open to citizens of all ages and of all the States. Board and instruction were 
furnished by the Institute, with only a nominal charge per capita of one hundred dollars for the three 
months' term. 



V. M. I. Training Camps (Continued) 



109 



1917 
April 



Name Age Post-Office 

14 Thomas C. Tilley 23 Norfolk, Va. 

14 Frank P. Lewis 21 Charleston, W. Va. 

14 Francis Worth Payne 25 Charleston, W. Va. 

15 Baynham M. Hill 34 Portsmouth, Va. 

15 Kirkland R. Saunders 23 Richmond, Va. 

15 Bruce Fergusson 22 Richmond, Va. 

15 William A. Ewald 21 Portsmouth, Va. 

15 Isaac R. Schewel 21 507 Harrison St., Lynchburg, 

Va. 

15 Willard C. Kidd 20 700 Parke Ave., Petersburg, 

Va. 

15 Herman L. Cooper 21 439 Rivermont Ave., Lynch- 
burg, Va. 

15 W. McL. Christie 24 232 E. Ashley St., Jackson- 
ville, Fla. 

15 E. U. Deitrick 2324 W. Grace St., Rich- 
mond, Va. 

15 J. A. Schwalm 1504 Goddin St., Richmond, 

Va. 

16 R. B. Grasty Crozet, Va. 

16 Charles E. Hutton Lexington, Va. 

16 John R. Patterson, Jr Petersburg, Va. 

16 J. O. Traylor 34 Norfolk, Va. 

16 G. B. Ferebee, Jr 20 727 Raleigh St., Norfolk, Va. 

Entered V. M. I. Oct. 12, 1917. 

16 C. S. Miley 28 Norfolk, Va. 

16 J. G. Marable 22 Norfolk, Va. 

16 W. M. Hitt 19 Norfolk, Va. 

16 Edwin S. White 20 Norfolk, Va. 

16 H.O.Brown 19 Norfolk, Va. 

16 Eugene Swingley 19 Norfolk, Va. 

16 Byrd H. Breeden 21 Richmond, Va. 

16 Archibald P. Woods 21 Petersburg, Va. 

16 John N. Gordon Richmond, Va. 

16 Walter E. Durham Appomattox, Va. 

Later, Instructor at V. M. I. 

16 Samuel B. Wright Moffatts Creek, Va. 

16 Carter H. Coupland 21 Norfolk, Va. 

16 Wilfred Ferguson 25 Norfolk, Va. 

16 Edward T. Taylor 21 Norfolk, Va. 

16 G. L. Rosborough 24 Jacksonville, Fla. 

16 Calvert A. Anderson (V. M. I.) 36 Lee, Va. 

First volunteer in "Rockbridge 
Battery," but rejected for physi- 
cal disability. Operated on, but 
still rejected. 

16 James P. Gills 23 Appomattox, Va. 

16 JohnL. Furnee 30 Kansas City, Mo. 

16 WiUiam H. Frey, Jr 23 Petersburg, Va. 

16 Marion N. Fitzgerald 24 Richmond, Va. 

16 Martin O. Cahill 23 Norfolk, Va. 

16 Sydney L. R. Wigg 24 Norfolk, Va. 

16 William H. Davies 19 Norfolk, Va. 

16 James H.Rowan 25 Greenville, Va. 

18 Powell T. Charlton 18 Lexington, Va. 

18 Jere P. Zollicoffer 26 Henderson, N. C. 

18 Aubrey R. Bowles, Jr 21 Richmond, Va. 

18 Edmund C. Lupton 21 Winchester, Va. 

18 Roy W. Richards 21 Winchester, Va. 



110 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 



1917 




April 


18 


it 


18 


n 


19 


n 


19 


u 


19 


n 


19 


It 


20 


" 


21 


It 


21 


tt 


21 


It 


21 


" 


21 


II 


22 


II 


22 


11 


23 


II 


23 


II 


23 


II 


23 


" 


23 


« 


24 


II 


24 


11 


24 


II 


24 


II 


24 


II 


24 


II 


25 


" 


25 


" 


26 


II 


26 


II 


26 


" 


27 



May 



27 
28 
30 
30 
30 
30 
30 
30 

1 
1 
1 
3 
3 
3 
3 



Name Age Post-Off ice 

Allen B.Gray 27 Winchester, Va. 

Shirley O. Price 19 Winchester, Va. 

Charles H. Eypper 24 Montclair, N. J. 

George W. Eypper 23 Montclair, N. J. 

Henry A. Woodman 25 79 Leonard St., New York. 

H. S. Van Landingham 25 Care Mrs. M. F. Van Landing- 
ham, West Point, Miss. 

Charles C. Hardy Winchester, Va. 

Wayne G. Thompson 21 Jacksonville, Fla. 

Raymond E. Long 19 Norfolk, Va. 

Randolph H. Ruff in 19 Richmond, Va. 

Orlando B. Hinton 19 Petersburg, Va. 

L. Carol Ramee, Jr 19 Hackensack, N. J. 

J. C. Doyle, Jr 21 Richmond, Va. 

H.A.Doyle 19 Richmond, Va. 

William W. White 19 Norfolk, Va. 

John C. Thompson 19 Norfolk, Va. 

Herbert S. Kellam 18 Princess Anne, Va. 

Entered V. M. I Sept. 5, 1917. 

Ferd. E. Carter 20 Chevy Chase, Md. 

Winfield C. Parkins 19 R. F. D. 4, Sta. A, Washing- 
ton, D. C. 

Wallace T. Clark 19 Norfolk, Va. 

Robert W. Thornton 20 Roanoke, Va. 

L. Levv^is Rush 19 Roanoke, Va. 

LeRoy E. Nooney 21 Jacksonville, Fla. 

L. P. Graves 21 Fredericksburg, Va. 

John Shirley Riley 22 Roanoke, Va. 

Joseph Atkins 20 Norfolk, Va. 

Thomas E. Waugh, Jr 21 L3'nchburg, Va. 

Walter H. Rogers 20 Dendron, Va. 

Hugh L. Dougherty 18 Norfolk, Va. 

James H. Parron 21 Norfolk, Va. 

Holland Wright Clarkson 19 Chicago, 111. 

Later, entered V. M. I. and thence 
into Service. Returned to V. 
M. I. after Armistice, and in 
First Class, 1920-21. 

William T. Carrington 22 Richmond, Va. 

William C. Phillips 21 Suffolk, Va. 

Morris J. Legum 21 Norfolk, Va. 

Charles Myers 20 Norfolk, Va. 

Florian H. Yoste 19 Vicksburg, Miss. 

Felix T.Weil 19 Vicksburg, Miss. 

W. C. Tate Bedford, Va. 

W. Russell Giffin 20 Roanoke, Va. 

(Also in third camp.) 

William B. Burress 19 Richmond, Va. (In Service.) 

Richard B. Bridgforth 19 Kenbridge, Va. 

M. J. Crocker 19 Charleston, W. Va. 

Samuel T. Emory 20 Chase City, Va. 

W.E.Thomas 21 Charleston, W. Va. 

Whitton E. Norris 20 Staunton, Va. 

B. F. Morgan, Jr 20 Norfolk, Va. 

Entered V. M. I. and thence en- 
listed. 

Frank T. East 16 Norfolk, Va. 

Arthur P. Morton 23 Graham, Va. 



V. M. I. Teaining Camps (Continued) 



111 



Second Camp — June 20th to August 20th, 1917. 
MATRICULATES. 



1917 



June 


20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 




20 



July 



20 

20 

20 
20 
20 
20 
20 
20 
20 
20 
20 
20 
21 



21 
23 
23 



25 



25 



25 
25 
25 

26 
2 
5 
6 
6 

16 



Name Age Post-Office 

George W. Wilkinson '. 17 Rocky Mount, N. C. 

Brewer Dixon 19 Talladega, Ala. 

Richard T. Jeffreys 20 Rocky Mount, N. C. 

Robert S. Weatherly 18 Anniston, Ala. 

Robert D. Parrott 22 Norfolk, Va. 

John S. Whaley 21 Snow Hill, Md. 

William McKee Dunn 29 Richmond. Va. 

H. Normon Cole 26 Richmond, Va. 

Arthur J. Miller Masury 19 Norfolk, Va. 

Entered V. M. I. Sept., 1917. 

S.C.Bennett 21 Norfolk, Va. 

David Lowenberg 24 Norfolk, Va. 

Hunter H. McGuire 21 Richmond, Va. 

Edmund Rowland 20 Philadelphia, Pa. (Care W. L. 

Rowland, Media, Pa.) 

M. H. Taylor 18 Philadelphia, Pa. (Care Phil- 
adelphia Electric Co.) 

Hobart Rowland 18 Philadelphia, Pa. (Care W. 

L. Rowland, Media, Pa.) 

E. D. Cameron 31 Richmond, Va. 

C. W. Hogg 25 Huntington, W. Va. 

William C. King 19 Roanoke, Va. 

F.H.Smith 19 Easley, S. C. 

R. S. Bingham 18 Talladega, Ala. 

R.M.Smith 19 Norfolk, Va. 

S. F. Honaker 26 Wytheville, Va. 

J. R. Walker 26 Martinsville, Va. 

O. O. Haughton .*. . . 21 Charlotte, N. C. 

W. G. Strickler 35 Salem, Va. 

M. Hammond Connallv 18 Jacksonville, Fla. 

Entered V. M. I." August 23, 
1917. 

Edmund Rice Smith 22 Raleigh, N. C. 

George C. Bell 30 Alcoa, Tenn. 

Elliott M. Stewart 23 Washington, D. C. 

Entered by T. J. Woodliff, Gads- 
den, Ala. 

Brandon Barringer 18 Real Estate and Trust BIdg. 

Philadelphia, Pa., care D. 
M. Barringer. 

D. M. Barringer, Jr 17 Real Estate and Trust Bldg., 

Philadelphia, Pa., care D. 

M. Barringer. 

Frank K. Saunders 25 Bedford, Va. 

John W. Johnston, Jr 33 Bedford, Va. 

Chester H. Lang 25 Pittsburgh, Pa. (Care Miss 

Ida E. Lang, Erie, Pa.) 

Theodore R. Heyck 17 Houston, Texas. 

Lawrence T. Long 22 Dante, Va. 

Dabney H. Maury, Jr 18 Evanston, 111. 

E. E. Moseley 19 Columbia, S. C. 

J. S. Sweeney 17 Houston, Texas. 

W. B. Tilghman, Jr 32 Salisbury, Md. 



112 



Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 



1917 Name Age Post-Office 

Ju^ 17 Tom W. Herman 16 3564 Bogart Ave., Cincin- 
nati, Ohio. 

" 18 Julius F. Frenkel 18 3571 Alaska Ave., Cincinnati, 

Ohio. 

" 18 Myron D.Kahn 18 731 S. Crescent Ave., Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 

" 18 L. John Bloch 19 3025 Fairfield Ave., Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio. 



1918 

June 13 

" 13 

" 13 

" 13 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

'< 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 

« 14 

" 14 

" 14 

" 14 



14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 

14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 
14 



Third Camp— June 15th to August 15th, 1918. 

MATRICULATES. 

Name Age Post-Office 

Charles E. Kain 32 Dallas, Texas. 

Graduate, V. M. I., Class 1907. 
Camp Commander till July 20th. 

E. D. Kizer 28 Dallas, Texas. (Defective 

eyes.) 

Joseph Baecher 20 Norfolk, Va. 

M. V. Gwynn 20 Norfolk, Va. 

J.S.Ellis 32 Waynesboro, Va. 

J. Roy Home 27 Waynesboro, Va. 

James E. Thomas 20 Roanoke, Va. 

N.D.Trent 31 Corinne, W. Va. 

J. E. Montgomery .Rocky Mount, Va. 

George H. Rovv^land Sumter, S. C. 

Conyers Button, Jir . . . 19 Philadelphia, Pa. 

R. A. Roberts . .Pittsburgh, Pa. 

A. L. Merrell Hampton, Va. 

Charles R. Alexander • Philadelphia, Pa. 

Gabe Meyer Pine Bluff, Ark. 

R. Mann Page Richmond, Va. (Naval Re- 
serve.) 

H. G. Carson 21 " Abingdon, Va. 

A. A. Goodwyn Bristol, Va. 

Benjamin Huger 27 Roanoke, Va. 

G. F. Scarlon 35 Philadelphia, Pa." 

Resigned on account of physical 
disability. 

S. M. Graham 20 Lexington, Va. 

Blake Tyler 20 Lexington, Va. 

William C. King 28 Charlottesville, Va. 

W. G. Lubling, Jr 19 Lynchburg, Va. 

Robert W. Shaner 26 Lynchburg, Va. 

Frank K. Johnston 25 Staff ordsville, Va. 

Willis T. Guild 18 Wiggins, Miss. 

Resigned, physical disability. 

Charles H. Lake 20 Shelby, Tenn. 

Wallace C. Haggard 18 Dayton, Tenn. 

Woodfin Ransley Elberton, Ga. 

Robert Wherry Pine Bluff, Ark. 

J. T. White Biloxi, Miss. 

Archibald M. Suthon New Orleans, La. 

Raymond E. Perrine 35 Berryville, Va. 

John H. Moore 19 Washington, D. C. 

W. G. Gaither, Jr Elizabeth City, N. C. 

H. F. Hutcheson, Jr 19 Boydton, Va. 



V. M. I. Training Camps (Continued) 



113 



191S 


> 


June 


14 


(I 


14 


ti 


14 


II 


14 


II 


14 


11 


14 


<i 


14 


II 


14 


II 


14 


" 


14 


II 


14 


II 


15 


II 


15 


II 


15 


II 


15 


II 


15 


II 


15 


II 


15 


u 


17 


u 


17 


11 


17 


II 


17 


II 


19 


II 


19 


II 


22 


II 


22 


II 


22 


" 


22 


II 


23 


II 


23 


July 


8 


li 


29 


Aug. 


3 



Name Age Post-Office 

J. W. Kasey 22 Lynchburg, Va. 

Claude A. Joyce 20 Shuff, Patrick Co., 

J. W. Rees 20 Winchester, Va. 

W. W.Sharp, Jr 18 New York City. 

T.B.Cochran 20 The Plains, Va. 

J. K. M. Newton 20 Newport News, Va, 

H. R. Cooley 34 Richmond, Va. 

C. P. Lupton Bedford, Va. 

K. B. Tate Bedford, Va. 

P. T. Gish Bedford, Va. 

W. J. McDonald Portsmouth, Va. 

S. M. Lane 20 Hagerstown, Md. 

J. A. Barlow, Jr Norfolk, Va. 

H. M. Howlett. 20 Norfolk, Va. 

W. R. Giffin 21 Norfolk, Va. 

Also in first camp. 

Arthur L. Burchell Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Walker K. Hancock 16 St. Louis, Mo. 

Charles H. Charas 23 Lexington, Va. 

Frank C. Stipes 21 Elkton, Va. 

Charles A. York 26 Cumberland, Md. 

H. S. Duffey 30 Winchester, Va. 

L.W.Wells 22 Bedford, Va. 

J. Luther Teaford 20 Lexington, Va. 

S.B.Phillips 22 Hampton, Va. 

W. P. Rawlings (V. M. I.) 21 Lawrenceville, Va. 

Rejected for military service, ac- 
count physical disability. 

S. H. Short, Jr 20 Lawrenceville, Va. 

Fred. Wayer 18 Cincinnati, Ohio. 

L. G. Strauss 18 Cincinnati, Ohio. 

E. R. F. Johnson 19 Merion, Pa. 

A. D. Somerville 29 Cleveland, Miss. 

Stuart Moore 24 Lexington, Va. 

George L. Edwards, Jr 18 Kirkwood, Mo. 

R. O. Pulliam, Jr 37 Petersburg, Va. 



Va. 



114 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

SOME OF THE SPECIALLY DISTINGUISHED 
ALUMNI IN THE WORLD WAR. 



Colonel Hunley above cites three cases of extraordinary valour, men- 
tioned by the Institute's Historiographer, and gives the implied promise 
that he will tell the "real story" of many of the Institute's other heroes. 

The Historiographer has some hesitation in doing this; and, yet, he 
feels that many of the Institute's noble sons should be specially named here, 
because of their specially valourous deeds, and their conspicuous efficiency 
and official commendation. And, yet again, this is difficult to do without 
seeming to cast a reflection on those not specifically mentioned, who, doubt- 
less, i/ the facts icere only knoion, are just as much entitled to honour and 
praise. We know that all did their duty — their whole duty — nobly; and if 
some are specially mentioned, while others are not, it is only hecause of the 
absence of comijlete and official data. Lfet this be remembered. 

The V. M. I.'s ranking officer in the World War was — 

Brigadier General R. E. L. MICHIE, of Virginia, son of a Confederate 
Officer who got his training for War at the V. M. I. 

He was a member of the Class of 1883. While standing among the 
"Star" men in the Second Class at the V. M. I., he resigned his cadetship 
to enter the U. S. Military Academy, from which he was graduated in 1885 
and commissioned in the Army. 

His career in the Service was distinguishied. He was a member of the 
General Staff from 1903 to 1907, and again for a s'lort while, the latter part 
of 1914. He had been also a member of the War College. 

He was chief aide to Major General Hugh L. Scott, former Chief of Staff 
of the Army. 

General Scott, accompanied only by General Michie, then a Colonel of 
Cavalry, quelled an uprising among the Piutes in Utah. 

When General Scott visited the Mexican bandit Chief, Francisco Villa, 
and when he conferred with the Mexican authorities at El Paso, General 
Michie's assistance was of great value to him. 

He went to Russia in the Spring of 1917 as aide to General Scott, the 
military member of the American War Commission to Russia selected by 
the President to appeal to every class then figuring in the Government of 
new Russia. He was then still Colonel of Cavalry. 

When General Scott was relieved as Chief of Staff, Colonel Michie was 
made a Brigadier General in the National Army and placed in command 
of the Fifty-third Infantry Brigade (composed of New York troops, at 
Camp Wadsworth, S. C), 27th Division. After training his brigade, he went 
at its head to the battle front of France. 

Suddenly and unexpectedly, on June 5, 1918, he died on a railway train, 
near Rouen, France, while in the discharge of his duties. His death was a 
great shock to his friends and to the Army, as he had not been ill 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 115 

General Michie was a noble gentleman and a superb officer, and there 
is little doubt that if his useful career had not been cut short so soon, he 
would have become one of the most successful and distinguished Generals 
in the Overseas Army. 

He is survived by his widow who before marriage was Miss Grace 
Beachy, of San Francisco, and a daughter, Margaret who, later, became the 
wife of Captain Torrey Wells who served two years in the A. E. F. 

Brigadier General RICHARD C- MARSHALL, Jr. (one of four brothers 
Graduates of the V. M. I.) has been a valued member of the General Staff, 
and, from the beginning to the end of the War, at the head of the Con- 
struction Division of the Army. On him devolved a heavy responsibility, 
being charged with the construction of all Camps, Cantonments, etc. That 
he thoroughly executed his trust this Citation of the President of the United 
States, accompanying the award of the Distinguished Service Medal, will 
fully attest: 

"Brigadier General Richard C. Marshall, Jr., for exceptionally meritorious 
and conspicuous service in the Construction Division of the Army. His zeal, 
judgment and exceptional administrative ability have enabled serious dif- 
ficulties to be overcome, and the construction necessary for a great Army 
to be provided." 

[This new service, demanded by the exigencies of the War, carried out 
the most colossal construction piogram of all time, and that a V. M, I. 
Graduate should have been placed at the head of it is cause for just pride on 
the part of all V. M. I. men.] 

General Marshall graduated in the Class of 1898, from Virginia. 

Brigadier General SAMUEL D. ROCKENBACH, of Virginia, "Honour" 
Graduate and "First Captain" of the Class of 1889, is the third ranking 
Brigadier General of the V. M. L He had served for many years in the 
Army with great distinction. General Pershing knew his worth and selected 
him as Chief of the Tank Corps of the A. E. F. He received these Decora- 
tions: 

(American) Distinguished Service Medal. 

(French) Croix de Guerre. 

(French) Officer of the Legion of Honour. 

(British) Commander of the Bath. 

[Another new service demanded by the World War, and another V. M. I. 
Graduate called to take charge of it.] 

Brigadier General CHARLES E. KILBOURNE, of Class 1894, from 
Washington, D. C, was the V. M. I.'s fourth Brigadier General. This officer 
had attained high distinction before the World War began, having been an 
officer in the Volunteer Service in the S.-A. War and in the regular Service 
since 1899. For "Most distinguished gallantry in action" in the Philippines, 
February 5. 1899. he received the "MEDAL OF HONOUR," the highest decora- 
tion that can be conferred upon a soldier of the United States. He served 
throughout the World War with great distinction and honour, as Lieutenant 
Colonel and Chief of Staff of the 89th Division, as Colonel and Chief of Staff 



116 ViEGTNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

of same, and, later, when promoted to the grade of Brigadier General, as 
Commander of the 36th Heavy Artillery Brigade, until November 15, 1918, 
and the 3d Infantry Brigade until February 15, 1919. He was severely 
wounded in France in the Spring of 1918. He received the following decora- 
tions: "D. S. C," "D. S. M." and "Croix de Guerre." 

The Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., in the name of the President, in 
awarding him the "Distinguished Service Cross," December 27, 1918, made 
this Citation: 

"Colonel Charles E. Kilbourne, General Staff, 89th Division. For extra- 
ordinary heroism in action near Thiancourt, on Sept. 12, 1918. Colonel Kil- 
bourne, as Chief of Staff, exposed himself to artillery and machine-gun fire 
during the advance of his Division, exercising cool judgment and strong 
determination in re-organizing the lines and getting troops forward to the 
objective." 

In General Orders No. 89, War Department, .July 15, 1919. the "Dis- 
tinguished Service Medal" was awarded him by the Commanding General, 
A. E. P., by direction of the President, with this Citation: 

"Charles E. Kilbourne, Major, Coast Artillery, United States Army. 
For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services as Chief of Staff 
of the 89th Division, he displayed military ability of the highest order, con- 
tributing to the success achieved by the Division, during the St. Mihiel 
Offensive. Later, upon his promotion to the grade of Brigadier General, he 
continued to render valuable services in command of the 36th Artillery 
Brigade, during the remainder of the Campaign." 

He saw active Service in Sector Warfare with the British at Chemin des 
Dames, and with the Americans at Toul, and was with the 89th Division in 
the assault on the St. Mihiel Salient. 

After the Armistice he was sent on a special mission to several Euro- 
pean Countries, till May 15, 1919, when he returned to the United States. 
No Brigadier General in the Army received greater honours than he. He 
is the only American Soldier who wears the Distinguished Service Cross, the 
Distinguished Service Medal, the Philippine Congressional Medal and the 
Congressional Medal of Honour. 

Brigadier General WILLIAM B. COCHRAN, Class of 1888, from Virginia. 
was the fifth Brigadier General. He had served many years in the Army, 
and by his merit and gallantry rose to this high rank. In the Spanish- 
American War he was a First Lieutenant and Captain of Infantry. When 
he received his promotion to Brigadier General, in October, 1918, he was 
serving at Camp Gordon. He was at once ordered to Camp Bowie, Texas, 
to be second in command there. It was not the fortune of Brigadier General 
Cochran to be sent overseas; his services at the Training Camps here were 
in demand in preparing our great National Army for War. When the 
Armistice came he was at Camp Bowie, organizing the 100th Division for 
Overseas Service. 

At least three V. M. I. Colonels were recommended to be promoted to 
Brigadier Generals by the Commander-in-Chief in October, 1918. These were: 
George C Marshall, Jr., Samuel R. Cleaves and Morris E. Locke. But all 
nominations for promotion were held up after September, and so these of- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 117 

fleers did not receive ttie rank they were entitled to because of their great 
merit. 

First among the V. M. I.'s Colonels it is a pleasure to name: 

Colonel GEORGE C. MARSHALL, Jr., of the Class of 1901 and "First 
Captain," from Pennsylvania. He is the great, great grandson of William 
Marshall, of Fauquier County, Virginia, the uncle of Chief Justice Marshall. 
By inheritance and by marriage he is a true Virginian, his wife being a 
grand daughter of Colonel Edmund Pendleton, a member of the first Graduat- 
ing Class of the V. M. I. An elder brother is also a Graduate of the 
V. M. I., the prominent scientist, Stuart B. Marshall, of Class 1894 — a Class 
which made such a distinguished record in this War. 

Marshall went to France with the First Division as Assistant Chief of 
Staff. He continued in this position until he was sent to the Operations 
Section of the General Staff at G. H. Q., at the time of the Soissons fight. 
He was then engaged in plans for the St. Mihiel battle for several weeks, 
and went with these plans to the newly-formed Headquarters of the First 
Army. He remained with the Operations Section of the First Army through- 
out the St. Mihiel action, and, shortly after the Meuse-Argonne battle de- 
veloped, he was formally relieved from duty at G. H. Q. and made Assistant 
Chief of Staff and Chief of Operations Section of the First Army. He con- 
tinued in this capacity until the Armistice, though during the last few days 
he was under orders to join the Eighth Army Corps as Chief of Staff. He 
Joined this Corps immediately after the Armistice and remained as its Chief 
of Staff until the Spring of 1919, when, just before its demobilization, he was 
called to G. H. Q., and sent on a tour of lecturing to explain to the officers 
of the A. E. F., what had occurred between the time of General Pershing's 
arrival in France and the date of the Armistice. Before finishing this duty 
the Commander-in-Chief detailed him as his Aide which, duty he is still 
performing. 

On October 15, 1918, General Pershing cabled the War Department recom- 
mending, and respectfully urging, that Colonel George C. Marshall, Jr., be 
promoted to the grade of Brigadier General, and to be Chief of Staff of an 
Army Corps. But no nominations for general officers were ever sent to the 
Senate, during the period of the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne battles; so 
the coming of the Armistice closed the matter. General Pershing, however, 
made him Chief of Staff of an Army Corps, without the rank. Colonel Mar- 
shall received the following decorations: Distinguished Service Medal, 
Croix de Guerre with Palm, Legion of Honour, Order of the Crown of 
Italy, Order of St. Maurice et Lazarus, and Order of La Solidaridad. 

Citation with the "D. S. M.": 

"George C. Marshall, Jr., Colonel, United States Army. For excep- 
tionally meritorious and distinguished services. He has performed the duties 
of Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3, 1st Division, from June 26, 1917 to July 12, 
1918. He served in the G-3 Section, General Headquarters, American Expedi- 
tionary Forces, from July 13 to August 19, 1918; in G-3 Section, 1st Army, 
from August 20 to October 16, 1918; as Assistant Chief of Staff (G-3) of the 
1st Army from October 17 to November 19, 1918; and as Chief of Staff of 
the 8th Army Corps, from November 20, 1918 to January 15, 1919, during 
which period the 1st Division served in the Toul Sector and at the Cantigny 



118 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

attack and the 1st Army Operations in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne 
Offensives. 

"By untiring, painstaking and energetic effort? he succeeded in all these 
undertakings. His efforts had a marked influence on the successes achieved 
by the Units with which he served." 

Citation from the First Division: 

"By his superior professional attainments, his tactical skill, his sound 
Judgment, and his courageous conduct in obtaining information through 
personal visits to the most exposed lines, he contributed in a determining 
manner to the training, morale, and operations of the Division in the Toul 
Sector, at Cantigny, and in the movement for the offensive at Soissons." 

The News Standard of Uniontown, Pa., thus spoke of him: 
"Merited appreciation of the Military service of a Uniontown man, 
Colonel George C. Marshall, Jr., is contained in the story of the American 
Staff work that planned the capture of Sedan and supervised the successful 
accomplishment. 

"The story was printed by Damon Runyon, the well-known New York 
Sporting Writer, who, later, was one of the best War Correspondents in 
Europe. 

"At the V. M. I. Colonel Marshall was instructed in the principles laid 
down by Stonewall Jackson. Jackson, it will be remembered, was a Pro- 
fessor at the School when the Civil War broke out and became the greatest 
Strategist of the Confederacy. That his tactics are as sound to-day as they 
were in the Sixties is shown by their successful use in Prance by Colonel 
Marshall; for to him has already been credited the plans for the capture 
of Cantigny, the first American Blow, unaided by Supporting French or 
British Units, and, now to him also is credited the chief staff work for the 
capture of historic Sedan where Napoleon ill surrendered to the Germans 
in 1871, closing the Franco-Prussian War. 

" 'Exploitation of the Infantry' was the cardinal principle of the attack, 
and that it succeeded so well is due to Liggett's doughboys who composed 
the 'Rainbow' Division. 

"Just what Runyon has to say about the attack is as follows: 

"SHADE OF GENERAL JACKSON" REJOICES— 

STONEWALL'S TACTICS WIN SEDAN 

[With the American First Army, November 7. J 

'The shade of old Stonewall Jackson must have gazed down on the burn- 
ing town of Sedan to-night with great satisfaction. Tlie military tactics 
evolved by the bulldog of the Confederacy and passed on by him, through 
the Virginia Military Institute, to this generation of American fighting men, 
have brought the mud-caked doughboys from God's Country to the outskirts 
of the ancient town. 

'Long, long ago, Stonewall Jackson put into effect the idea of using 
Infantry practically the same as Cavalry without horses, pushing it over 
the ground at great speed to the very limit of human endurance. There's 
never been any Infantry like Jackson's until Hunter Liggett's soldiers came 
along and tramped over twenty-five miles for seven days across man- 
murdering country, through a living wall of opposition, ribbed with artillery, 
upholstered by machine-guns. 

'There is a mild-looking, retiring man at American Headquarters named 
Colonel George C. Marshall, Jr.. who comes from Uniontown, Pennsylvania, 
and who graduated from the Virginia Military Institute where Jackson was 
a teacher. This man Marshall is Chief of Operations of Liggett's forces. It 
was Marshall who had much to do with the planning of operations against 
Sedan, and he turned to the great Master of Infantrymen for the general 
scheme. 'Drive the Infantry' was the word. They picked all of Liggett's 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 119 

Crack Divisions for the driving. They became, in effect, a flying column, 
etc' " 

[This interesting article is too long for further extracts, but those given 
plainly manifest the prevailing belief in the Army as., to the part performed 
by Colonel George C. Marshall, Jr., in the splendid Staff Work of the 
A. E. F.l 

Colonel SAMUEL R. CLEAVES, Alumnus, of Class 1898, and Graduate, 
U. S. M. A., is a Virginian, and was for nearly three years Commandant 
at the V. M. L (on detail), and it is hazarding nothing to say that he was 
one of the best Commandants the Institute ever had. He is a born soldier, 
and his splendid record in the Army, and especially in the Great War, affords 
abundant proof He sailed with the 42d Division, October 18, 1917, as 
Assistant Chief of Staff (Operations). Was transferred to Staff of Com- 
mander-in-Chief and served as a General Staff Officer in Operations Section 
(G-3) at Headquarters, A. E. F., until its return to the U. S., June 16, 1919. 
Ho was promoted to Major, Lieutenant Colonel and Colonel. General Persh- 
ing earnestly urged that he be promoted to the grade of Brigadier General; 
but the War was so near the end then his nomination was not acted on. 
He participated in the battles of St. Mlhiel and Meuse-Argonne, and served 
on Chemin des Dames for six weeks with the French Eleventh Corps. For 
his splendid service in th,e War he was awarded the following decorations: 
"Distinguished Service Medal," "Croix de Guerre," and "Cross of the 
Legion of Honour." 

Colonel MORRIS E. LOCKE, "First Honour," Class 1899. From Ohio. 

F. A., A. E. F. 

Service. — As Major, 8th Field Artillery, in France, as a member of the 
American Mission, June 1-July 18, 1917. As Colonel, Field Artillery, in 
France, from Sept. 22, 1917 to Aug. 26, 1919. Commanding 51st F. A. 
Brigade, 2Gth Div., Sept. 23 to Oct. 1, 1917. Commanding 102nd Field 
Artillery, 26th Div. from Oct., 1917 to Aug. 14, 1918. Instructor, Army 
General Staff College, A. E. F., Aug. 16 to" Dec. 31, 1918. Director, Army 
Centre of Artillery Studies, A. E. F., Aug. 16, 1918 to June 30, 1919. On 
duty with the French Army at Metz, from July 1, 1919 to Aug. 17, 1919. 

Campaigns. — Chemin des Dames Sector, February and March, 1918. Toul 
Sector, April and May, 1918. Chateau Thierry Sector and Marne Offensives, 
July 5, 1918 to August 4, 1918. 

Recommendation for Promotion. — Recommended by. General Pershing, 
C. in C, A. E. F., for promotion to the grade of Brigadier General, Oct. 20. 
1919. 

Decorations. — Distinguished Service Medal "for exceptionally meritorious 
and distinguished services while commanding, with marked skill and initia- 
tive, the 102nd Field Artillery in the Chateau Thierry campaign .... 
and for services rendered at the Army General Staff College, A. E. F." 
Officer of the Legion d'Honneur of France for services as Colonel, Com- 
manding 102nd Field Artillery. 



120 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Colonel FRANCIS C. HARRINGTON, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
Alumnus of V. M. I. and Graduate, U. S. M. A. 

Director, Department of Military Engineering, Engineering School, A. E. F. 

Service during War, as follows: 

April 6 to June 25, 1917, Assistant Professor, U. S. M. A. June 25, 
1917 to January 15, 1918, Instructor, 1st and 2nd Engineer Officers Train- 
ing Camps. January 15 to April 15, 1918, Lieutenant Colonel, 303rd Engi- 
neers, 78tli Division. April 15 to September 1, 1918, commanding 603rd 
Engineers. September 1 to October 1, 1918, at Army War College. Octo- 
ber 1, 1918 to Februar/ 17, 1919, commanding 215th Engineers, and Divi- 
sion Engineer, 5th Division. February 17, 1919 to January, 1920, Director, 
Department of Military Engineering, Engineering School (from June 20 
to September 10, 1919, in France). Promoted to Colonel. 

Colonel GEORGE S. PATTON, JR., Class 1907. From California. 
Commander of 1st Brigade, Tank Corps, A. E. F. (Later, designated as 

304th Brigade). 

He is the son of the Hon. George S. Patton, a "Distinguished" Graduate 
of Class 1877, V. M. I., and Adjutant of the Corps; Democratic Nominee for 
U. S. Senate from California, some years ago; who is the son of the gallant 
Colonel George S. .^Patton, of Virginia, "Second Honour" Graduate of Class 
of 1852, V. M. I., of the 22nd Virginia Infantry, C. S. A., killed at the battle of 
Winchester, June 19, 1864. The first George S. Patton was the fourth son of 
Lieutenant-Governor John M. Patton, of Virginia, distinguished lawyer and 
member of the famous Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829, whose six 
sons were all Confederate soldiers (four of them having been V. M. I. Grad- 
uates), two of whom being Colonels, and killed in battle. 

This superb U. S. Army Officer thus comes naturally by his soldierly 
qualities and fighting proclivities, and no ofllcer of his grade won greater 
distinction in the World War. 

After leaving the V. M. I., he was graduated at the U. S. Military Acad- 
emy, and was commissioned in the Army. 

He served gallantly under General Pershing in Mexico. [Doubtless, it 
will be recalled how he fought the Guerillas, and defeated them, from his 
automobile.] 

He went to France on May 28, 1917, in command of the H. Q. Troop, 
American Expeditionary Forces. On November 17, 1917, he was detailed 
as the first officer jn the American Tank Corps. He attended the French 
Tank School at Champlien, France. In December, 1917, he began to organize 
the First Tank Centre, at Bourg, near Langres, France. He was promoted 
Major and then Lieutenant-Colonel. On August 22, 1918, Brigadier 
General Rockenbach (V. M. I.), Chief of Tank Corps, directed him to organ- 
ize the 1st (now called the 304th) Brigade, Tank Corps. He commanded 
this brigade at St. Mihiel and in the Meuse-Argonne, until he was severely 
wounded, September 26. On October 17, 1918, he received his Colonel's 
commission and returned to duty, November 5. 

He was awarded the "Distinguished Service Cross" for his bravery on 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 121 

September 26, and the "Distinguished Service Medal" for his work in or- 
ganizing and commanding the 1st Tank Centre, and, later, the 304th Brigade, 
Tank Corps. 

He returned to the United States in March, 1919, and still commands 
the 304th Brigade, at Camp Meade, Pa. 

Colonel EDMUND C. WADDILL, of the Class of 1903, 

is a son of United States District Judge Edmund Waddill, Jr., of Virginia. 

His War record is one to be proud of. 

As Captain and Major of the 23rd Infantry from August 23, 1917 to 
September 17, 1918, he participated in holding the defensive Sectors of 
Troyon and Toul, after which he took part gallantly in the Chateau Thierry, 
Soissons and St. Mihiel Offensives. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, 
the latter part of September, 1918, and assigned to duty with the 357th 
Infantry, 90th Division, which he commanded a part of the time in, the 
Argonne, and in Germany, as a part of the Army of Occupation. While in 
Germajiy he was promoted to the Colonelcy of the 358th Infantry and re- 
mained with that Regiment until it was mustered out of service at Camp 
Pike, Arkansas, June 23, 1919. 

He was awarded the "Distinguished Service Cross" for services at 
Chateau Thierry, June 6 and 7, 1918; and near Soissons, July 18, 1918. He 
was also cited in War Department Orders for gallantry, June 25, 1918, near 
Chateau Thierry, and again near Soissons, July 18, 1918. Subsequently, he 
was given a Citation by the Commanding General, A. E. F., far conspicuous 
and meritorious service as Adjutant of the 179th Brigade, between Novem- 
ber 2 and 9, 1918. 

While with the Army of Occupation he was made Military Governor 
o'f an important zone in the section of Germany occupied by the United 
States Army. His jurisdiction extended over the surrounding country and 
is said to have embraced ninety-eight towns. He had under his direction 
and control the civil government of the territory assigned him, subject only 
to review by the higher Military authorities. 

His Citation with the "D, S. C." was as follows: 

"Edmund C. Waddill, Major, 23rd Infantry. For extraordinary heroism 
in action near Chateau Thierry, France, June 6, 7 and 25, and near 
Soissons, France, July 18, 1918. During the attack by his battalion near 
Chateau Thierry, Major Waddill displayed exceptional bravery by advancing 
in the open, under intense shell and machine-gun fire, re-organizing his 
leading echelons and pressing the attack with the utmost disregard of 
personal danger. On June 25, he went among his troops, during a heavy 
gas attack, disregarding his own danger, in order to protect his men, re- 
maining in the sector, and refusing to be evacuated, until he had been so 
badly burned by gas that his face was black. 

"In the Soissons-Rheims attack he again displayed marked courage 
and leadership in personally taking the lead with his battalion and push- 
ing forward the attack, until further advance was stopped by darkness." 

Colonel CHRISTOPHER CLARK COLLINS, Class 1892. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps, A. E. F. 
He was appointed Assistant Surgeon, U. S. A., Jan'y. 30, 1899; promoted 
Captain and Surgeon, Jan'y. 30, 1904; Captain, Medical Corps, Jan'y. 30, 
1904; Major, Medical Corps, Jan'y. 1, 1909. 



122 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

After serving two long terms in the Philippines and in Porto Rico, 
and at many Posts in the United States, he spent some months in Europe, 
on leave, and while there visited all the great Hospitals. So that when the 
World War came he was well prepared for service in his Department. He 
went to France in May, 1917, as Commanding Officer of U. S. Base Hospital 
No. 12 which was one of th.e first Units to arrive overseas. In February, 
1918, he was assigned to duty as Corps Surgeon of the 2nd American Corps 
and served in this capacity through the Somme Offensive, and was with that 
Corps in all its battles up the Somme River and across the Hindenburg Line. 
He was decorated by the British Government, having been made a Com- 
panion of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. 

This is the modest report of this superb officer. But th© whole truth 
would not be known, if the other facts were withheld. So the Historio- 
grapher adds the facts, given below: 

Colonel Collins had on his Staff two very distinguished medical men 
from civil life. Colonel Frederick A. Besley, formerly Professor of Surgery 
at the Northwestern University in Chicago, and Lt. Colonel Milton Mandel. 
Colonel Besley and his wife had organized "Unit 12" Hospital in Chicago, 
and he had been at the head of it there until it became a Military Hospital, 
with Colonel Collins in- charge. 

As she had been so interested in the formation of this Unit, and as it 
sailed on her birthday. May 19, 1917, and was bombed on that date, a year 
later, his wife claimed it, as she laughingly told a Lynchburg reporter. 
This was the Unit that had two Red Cross Nurses killed by an inexplicable 
explosion on board ship, soon after the Unit sailed from New York, neces- 
sitating its return to that city. Colonel Collins was standing talking to them* 
just an instant before they were killed. 

These two gentlemen give their testimony to the worth and splendid 
ability of this Graduate, from long intimate association with him. Colonel 
Besley said he never knew a man of better or finer type; that his first 
thought and care were for the men and women under him; and that it was 
a little short of marvelous to watch the enlisted men grow and improve 
as they were wont to re-act to h.is kind but firm treatment and discipline; 
and he added that if he said all he might say about him, he believed his 
statements would be thought extravagant. 

Lt. Colonel Mandel wrote, some months after being assigned to his Staff: 
"I have been extremely fortunate in having as a Commanding Officer Colonel 
Collins. He has gained the confidence, respect and admiration of our entire 
organization. He is kind and considerate; fair, but firm. As an Adminis- 
trative Officer he is splendid; and he is most highly thought of by the 
British with whom we are brought in contact. We are certainly most happy 
to be able to serve under him, and our Country will be eminently successful 
in this tremendous undertaking, if he typifies the American Army Officer. 
On a visit to Lynchburg, in .January, 1919, Colonel Besley said: "Colonel 
Clark Collins, to my mind, has done as large a medical work as any Medical 
Officer in the American Army to-day." He and Lt. Col. Mandel advanced with 
the Second American Corps of which Colonel Collins was Surgeon-in-Chief, 
consisting of ten Divisions, after severing from Base Hospital Unit 12, on 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 123 

September 1, 1918. In charge of 35 Surgeons, 200 enlisted men and 100 
nurses, Colonel Collins never once issued a "disciplinary Order." He set hla 
men a splendid example, said Colonel Besley, and there was never any 
drunkenness or carousing among his men. "He served a 'dry' mess and 
managed his men by individual methods of his own that brought out the 
best in them," said the Officer, adding: "He is always dignified, and In- 
variably neat." Colonel Besley said: "The worst day we had was the day 
we took the Hindenburg Line. We were bombed every single good night 
while at Base Hospital 12 " The "Correlation Work" as liaison officer In 
the Medical Department which was Colonel Collins's office, after September 
1, was a "gigantic job," said the Colonel. 

And so ended this interesting interview with the distinguished Chicago 
Surgeon who had served so gallantly and acceptably on the Staff of Colonel 
Christopher Clark Collins, of the V. M. I. 

Colonel ARISTIDES MORENO, Class 1899. From New York City. 
General Staff, A. E. F. 

Colonel Moreno entered the Regular Army in 1904 as 2nd Lieutenant, 
28th Infantry, having previously served in the Porto Rico Regiment as 2ncl 
Lieutenant and 1st Lieutenant, from December 27, 1901 to November, 1904. 

He went to France, June 13, 1917, as Captain and Adjutant, 28th In- 
fantry, 1st Division. He was promoted Major, August 5, 1917; Lt. Colonel, 
September 2, 1919. 

He was appointed to the General Staff, A. E. F., November 15, 1917, and 
served continuously there until the Army returned home, and is still serving 
there. By direction of the President he was awarded the "D. S. M." by 
the Commanding General, A. E. F., with this Citation: 

"Aristides Moreno, Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army. For excep- 
tionally meritorious and distinguished services. As a member of the In- 
telligence Section, he efficiently organized and directed the operations of 
the Counter-Espionage Service in the American Expeditionary Forces, dis- 
playing marked talents in a position of great responsibility. His unusual 
powers of discernment, his tact and sound judgment made possible effective 
co-operation with corresponding services of the Allied Armies. Due to his 
zeal and untiring devotion, the Counter-Espionage Service attained excep- 
tional proficiency." 

Additional decorations received: 
Service Order (British), 
Legion of Honour (French), 
Order of the Crown (Belgian), 
Order of the Crown (Italian), 
Order of Solidaridad (Panama), 
Order of the White Elephant (Serbia). 

1 

(Colonel JAMES DAVIS TAYLOR, Class 1898. From Florida. 

355th Infantry, 89th Division, A. E. F. 

Early in his Military career, when but 23 years of age. Colonel Taylor 

won distinction by his remarkable detective work, while in command at 

Pantabangan, Nueva Ecija, P. I., as 1st Lt. of Co. "C," 24th Infantry, re- 



124 Virginia Military Institute — EWorld "War Eecord 

suiting in t.he capture of Aguinaldo, the head of the Philippine Insurrection. 
This was in 1901. His old regimental Commander, Brig. General A. C. 
Harkley (Retired), eighteen years later, in his letter to the Adjutant 
General, U. S. A., recommending and urging that he be awarded the "Dis- 
tinguished Service Medal" for his "distinguished and extraordinarily valu- 
able service to the United States, making possible the capture of Aguinaldo, 
the immediate consequence of which was the collapse of the Philippine In- 
surrection," spoke in highest praise of the "skill, energy, and, above all, the 
capacity, displayed by this fine young officer." And, he added: 

"What made this brilliant achievement of Lieutenant Taylor possible was 
the fact that, with wisdom beyond his years (23), he had, laboriously and 
under great difficulties, made a study of the languages, laws, customs and 
peoples themselves, of the people we were governing. So successful was he 
in acquiring this knowledge that as Judge of Court of First Instance in my 
command, doing the work himself of District Attorney, Detective Corps, 
Grand Jury and Judge, ie unearthed many atrocious crimes and brought 
punishment upon the perpetrators. At the same time, he organized schools, 
and, in other ways, gained the confidence and love of those superior Filipinos, 
which enabled him to secure the information that made possible the collapse 
of the Philippine Insurrection." 

Justice was long delayed in the case of this officer. In the year 1904, he 
was "honourably mentioned" in General Orders to the Army, by order of 
the Secretary of War, and in the year 1919 the "D. S, M." was awarded him, 
to the delight of everyone who is familiar with the circumstances of 
Aguinaldo's capture. 

It is not to be wondered at then that when the World War came this 
officer, with his long and splendid record, and with his mature experience, 
should forge to the front rapidly. This he did, and his service was exactly 
what was expected. He was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, 355th Infantry, 
89th Division. He joined the forces overseas in this capacity, in June, 1918; 
was promoted to Colonel of the 355th Infantry; and commanded this regi- 
ment in the Toul Sector, and in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 
From November 1 to 7 he was Liaison Officer for 5th Corps to Army 
Headquarters. Later he was Maritime Officer, Port of New York, for which 
service he was commended by the President. (See below.) 

Colonel Passaga, Commander of the French 32nd Army Corps, made 
this Citation respecting him in General Orders No. 823-A, of May 1, 1919: 

[Translation.] 

"Colonel James D. Taylor, 355th, Reg. Infantry, an officer of matchless 
courage and energy, particularly distinguished himself in August, 1918, 
North of Toul." 

He was awarded the "D. S. M." by the President for exceptionally meri- 
torious service when 1st Lieutenant, 24th Infantry, in the P. I., in 1900-1901, 
with this Citation: 

"By the direction of the President, under the provisions of the Act of 
Congress approved July 9, 1918 (Bui. No. 3, W. D., 1918), the Distinguished 
Service Medal is awarded to the following-named officer: 

"Colonel James D. Taylor, Infantry, then First Lieutenant, 24th In- 
fantry. For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service. Wliile 
commanding the station of Pantabangan, Luzon, P. I., in January, 1901, by 
his discretion and excellent judgment he obtained possession of the corre- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 125 

spondence which made known the whereabouts of the insurgent Chieftain, 
Aguinaldo, thus making possible the expedition resulting in his capture." 

"August 19, 1919. 
"From: The Secretary of the Navy. 
To: Colonel James D. Taylor, 

United States Infantry." 
"The President of the United States takes pleasure in highly com- 
mending you for distinguished service in the line of your profession as 
Maritime Survey Officer, Port of New York, during the prosecution of the 
War against the Central Empires. 

For the President, 

(Signed) Franklin D. Roosevelt, 

Acting Secretary of the Navy." 

Colonel GEORGE MERCER BROOKE, Class 1896. From Virginia. 
301st F. A., 76th Division, A. E. F. 

He rose from the ranks, having been private, corporal and sergeant in 
the Artillery Corps, from August, 1898 to October, 1899, at Fort Monroe, in 
Battery "I," the Battery General (Stonewall) Jackson resigned from, after 
the Mexican War, when he was elected a Professor at the V. M. I. 

He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 5th Infantry, Oct. 1, 1899. 
Transferred to Artillery Corps, March 19, 1901. He was a Captain when 
h/&. was detailed for three years (1913-1916) to visit Japan to study the 
Japanese language. On his return to the United States he joined his com- 
mand on the Mexican Border where he was serving when War with Germany 
was declared. He was sent to France and served in the A. E. F. with dis- 
tinction as Colonel, 301st F. A., 76th Division. 

Colonel Brooke is the only son of the distinguished Captain John Mercer 
Brooke, United States Navy and Confederate Navy, Inventor of the Deep Sea 
Sounding-Apparatus. Brooke Gun, etc., and Professor at the V. M. I., from 
the end of the Confederate War to the day of his death, December 14, 1906. 

Colonel SYDNEY BACON WILLIAMSON, Class 1884. From Virginia. 
Engineers, A. E. F. 

A brief review of the activities and distinctions of this great Engineer 
will not be out of place here. Almost from the day of his graduation he was 
a marked man. Few men of his profession, of his age, have received greater 
distinction, or more deservedly. 

He was only two years out of the Institute when he was placed in charge 
of construction of a large Western Railroad, and he went from one position 
to another — always rising. 

When War with Spain was declared he was engaged (in his civil capa- 
city) in important Government work in Alabama, on the Tennessee River. 
It was there that he came first under the observation of General (then 
Major) Goethals who, a few years later, whmi that brilliant Engineer was 
put in charge of the construction of the Panama Canal, called Captain 
Williamson to his aid. But this' is anticipating events. He was commis- 
sioned Captain in the Third Regiment of United States Volunteer Engineers. 



126 Virginia Military Instttute — World War Eecord 

Soon He was detached and detailed to the Staff of Major General John R. 
Brooks, as Assistant to the Chief Engineer of the First Army Corps, and he 
served in the Porto Rico campaign in this capacity. 

In 1907 he went to Panama, on the invitation of General Goethals. 
This officer, in charge o)' the building of the mighty work, knew Captain 
Williamson's ability and worth, and he made him Division Engineer (one 
of the three Division Engineers on the work — the others being Army Of- 
ficers), and placed him in charge of the Pacific side of the stupendous enter- 
prise, and there he directed the operations of eleven thousand men. He 
broke all records in using concrete at the lowest cost ever known (this was 
a big factor of expense). His important work there included the construc- 
tion of the Miraflores and Pedro Miguel Locks, the Bilboa Terminal Docks, 
and all municipal work in the Pacific Division and the City of Panama. 
He was said by Colonel Goethals to have been the best Construction En- 
gineer that the Canal developed and to have had the best and most 
harmonious organization on the Isthmus. 

After his work on the Canal was finished (1913) he became Chief of 
Construction for J. C. White & Co., the eminent New York Engineers. This 
necessitated his residing in London for sometime. In 1915 he was appointed 
Chief of Construction in the United States Reclamation Service. The 
Secretary of the Interior requested approval of the appointment, stating 
that Captain Williamson's "varied and valuable experience in and outside 
of the Government Service, especially fitted him to perform the duties of 
the position." The United States Civil Service Commission concurred in 
the opinion of the Department "that the position was one, the qualifications 
for which could not be adequately tested by examinations," and Captain 
Williamson's appointment was confirmed. 

With all this to his credit, it is not surprising tliat when he asked for 
service in the great War he was immediately given a commission of Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, Engineers, U. S. A. He was sent to Prance at once, and 
while there was promoted to Colonel. He served with great ability and 
distinction to the end of the War, when he was honourably discharged from 
the Service. 

Colonel Williamson's father was General Thomas H. Williamson ("Old 
Tom" of blessed memory) who was for nearly fifty years a distinguished 
Professor of the V. M. I. 

Colonel PHILIP BRADLEY PEYTON, Class 1901. From Virginia. 
Infantry, U. S. Army, A. E. F. 
Awarded the "D. S. M." with the following Citation: 
"For exceptional devotion to duty, energy and zeal, Colonel P. B. 
Peyton, then a Lieutenant Colonel, commanding First Battalion, Sixtieth 
Infantry, did, in the attack on Cunel and the Bois-de-la-Pultiere, France, 
October 14, 1918, by his presence, coolness, personal bravery and excellent 
example, under intense artillery and machine-gun fire, after not only the 
officers but non-commissioned personnel of his battalion had been decimated 
in this particular attack by 75 per cent., inspire the members of his com- 
mand to advance against an enemy strongly fortified in the jungle of under- 
brush and trenches. He repeatedly disregarded his own safety in making 
personal reconnaissance ahead of his forces when they were held up by 
enemy fire." 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 127 

Awarded the "D. S. M." again by the Commanding General, A. B. F., 
with the following Citation: 

"Philip B. Peyton, Colonel, United States Army. For exceptionally 
meritorious and distinguished services. He took charge of a regiment which, 
had undergone six days of shell fire and commanded it with such unusual 
skill as to enable the regiment to capture Aincreville, Bois de Babiemont, 
Doulcon, and, after crossing the Meuse, to capture Plill No. 292, Dun-sur- 
Meuse, Milly-devant-Dun, Lion-devant-Dun, Cote St. Germain, Chateau 
Charmois, and Mouzay, thereby displaying the highest order of leadership 
and exhibiting the masterful qualities of a Commander." 

Colonel Peyton's younger brother, Major James W. Peyton, U. S. A., 
behaved with great gallantry in action in France, being very severely 
wounded. He is likewise a Graduate of the V. M. I., of Class 1906. 



Colonel LEGH ROBINSON GIGxNILLIAT, Class 1895. From Georgia, later, 

Culver, Ind.' 
General Staff, A. E. F. 

Colonel Gignilliat, Superintendent, Culver Military Academy, tendered 
his services to the Secretary of War as soon as War was declared. He was 
at once commissioned Major, U. S. R., and was assigned as Instructor at 
the First Ofiicers' Training Camp at Fort Benjamin Harrison. He was, later, 
promoted Lieutenant Colonel and made Senior Instructor at the second 
O. T. C. 

He was subsequently made G-2 of the 84th Division, then ordered to 
France, and promoted Colonel, and attached to the General Staff, A. E. F., 
G-2, 37th Division. 

He was appointed American Representative of the Interallied Military 
Commission for Supply, Civil Population, Left Bank of Rhine, G-1 Section, 
Army of Occupation. 

He received a Citation from the Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F. for excep- 
tionally meritorious service, and was awarded the Cross of the "Legion of 
Honour" by the French Government. 

Colonel HARRY N. COOTES, Class 1896. From Virginia. 
General Staff, A. E. F. 
Served during the War as Chief of Stalf, 78th Division, in France. 
Participated in the St. Mihiel and Arras Offensives with great gallantry. 
Recommended for "Distinguished and Meritorious Services" in both 
Division and G. H. Q. Orders. 

[It is deeply regretted that the full details of Service of this superb 
Officer are wanting.] 

Colonel JOHN R. BOSLEY, Class 1895. From Maryland. 
Medical Corps, U. S. A. 
Faithful always, and distinguished in his Department of the Service. 
Retired after the Armistice for physical disability incurred in the Service, 
and died a few months thereafter. 



128 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Colonel WILLIAM H. PEEK, Glass 1896. From Virginia. 

S. D., Headquarters, First Army, A. E. F. Later, Lt. Colonel and then 

Colonel, 306tli F. A., 77th Division. 

After being an Instructor at Plattsburg, as Captain, Qo. "C," and at the 
School of Fire at Fort Sill, as Major F. A., he was sent overseas in April, 
1918. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Commanding 302nd Ammunition 
Train, August to October 31, 191^: S. D., HeadQuarters, First Army, Novem- 
ber 1 to 13, 1918; Lt. Colonel, 306th F. A., November 13 to December 6, 1918. 
Colonel Commanding 306th F. A., March 20 to May 10, 1919. In A. E. F. 
until April 29, 1919. 

His rapid promotion is evidence of his fine soldiership. 

A brother, also a Graduate, 7^t. Colonel George M. Peek, served likewise 
gallantly in the A. E. F., and another brother, J. H. Peek, who was graduated 
in the Class of 1908, served in a civil capacity for the Government through- 
out the War. 

Colonel E. M. BLAKE, Class 1885. From. South Carolina. 

C. A., A. E. F. V. M. I. Alumnus and Graduate of U. S. M. A. 

The oldest Coast Artillery Officer from the V. M. I. Promoted Colonel, 
July 1. 1916. In A. E. F. from January, 1918 to March, 1919. On duty as 
Liaison Officer, French Artillery Headquarters. Decorated with the French 
"Legion of Honour" Cross (by decree of July 26, 1919) for distinguished 
service at the front. 

Colonel JOHN C. GOODFELLOW, Class 1894. From the District of Columbia. 
Commander of 315th Regiment, Field Artillery, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

This is his fine record, in brief: August 15 to December 24, 1917, Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, 336th Heavy Field Artillery, Camp Pike, Arkansas. 
December 27, 1917 to March 30, 1918, commanding Artillery Brigade, Dixie 
Division, Camp Wheeler, Georgia, Lieutenant 'Colonel, F. A. April 1 to 
May 15, 1918, Colonel and Artillery Brigade Inspector, 87th Division, Camp 
Pike, Arkansas. May 25 to October 20, 1918, Colonel, 315th Regiment, Field 
Artillery, 80th Division. Took part in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Septem- 
ber 26. 1918. December 5 to May 31, 1919, Colonel, F. A., commanding Mines 
and Aix-les-Bains Leave Areas, in France. 

Returned to United States, July 13, 1919. 

Colonel WILLIAM S. WOOD, Class 1899. From Virginia. 
53rd Field Artillery, U. S. A. Later, 347th F. A., 91st Division, A. E. F. 

He was Captain, 6th Field Artillery, when the United States entered into 
the World War. He was soon promoted to Major, Field Artillery, Regular 
Army, and, later, was made Lieutenant Colonel, and then Colonel, Field 
Artillery, in the National Army. He performed very valuable service during 
the War. He was retained in this Country for a long time, and then was 
sent overseas. His present rank is Major, Field Artillery, U. S. Army. 

Colonel Wood's father. Graduate of the Class of 1861, was a gallant 
Captain of Infantry in the Confederate War. His brother, James H. Wood, 
Jr., was graduated in the Class of 1898, and met with a tragic death in 1914. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 129 

Colonel ARTHUR M. SHIPP, Class 1897. From Virginia. 
Commanding Division Trains and 19tli Infantry, 18th Division, U. S. A. 
Service in United States during entire War, as follows: 
January l-June 4, 1917, Captain, 16th Infantry. In Punitive Expedition, 
Mexico, and on Border Service at El Paso, Texas. June 5-August 24, 1917, 
Major, Infantry. Duty with 34th Infantry, Camp Fort Bliss, El Paso, Texas. 
August 25, 1917-August 8, 1918, Lieutenant Colonel, 343rd Infantry, S6th 
Division, Camp Grant, 111. August 9, 1918-August 31, 1919, Colonel, Division 
Trains and Colonel, 19th Infantry, at Camp Travis, Texas, and at Douglas, 
Arizona. 

Like so many others in the regular establishment, this fine officer was 
not allowed to serve overseas, because his valuable services were needed 
at home. 

Colonel JUNIUS C. GREGORY, Class 1895, "Honour Graduate." 

From Virginia. 

Medical Corps, U. S. A. 

This fine officer served throughout the War with great honour. He was 

always distinguished — at the V. M. I.; at the Medical College of Virginia 

(M. D. 1900); at the Army Medical School (Graduated, 1903). During th£; 

War he was Instructor at the various Medical Camps. For ten months, from 

April, 1918 to January, 1919, he was Commanding Officer, Medical Officers' 

Training Section, Camp Greenleaf, Georgia. From February 1 to October 

15, 1919, he was Commanding Officer, General Hospital No. 30, Plattsburg, 

N. Y. Since then he has been Sanitary Inspector of the Central Medical 

Department, at Chicago, Illinois. He is a permanent Lieutenant Colonel in 

the Medical Department, Regular Army, and since January 16, 1918, has 

held the temporary rank of Colonel. 

Colonel GEORGE T. LANGHORNE. Class 1887. From Virginia. 
8th Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Second son of the late Mr. John D. Langhorne, very prominent banker 
in Lynchburg and Washington, and formerly an Officer of the U. S. Navy, 
whose four sons were Cadets of the V. M. I., and all distinguished in 
after life. 

Langhorne took a high stand at the V. M. I., reaching! the Second Class 
when he was appointed a Cadet in the U. S. Military Academy There he 
distinguished himself as a soldier, becoming "First Captain" of the Corps, 
in his graduating year. 

He has for years been a very distinguished Cavalry Officer. From about 
1913 to 1915 he was Military Attache at Berlin. He had served in both the 
Cuban and Porto Rican Campaigns with signal honour. General Pershing, 
who knew his merit, selected him for service with him in the Mexican 
Punitive Expedition, and he had several clashes with the bandits. It is 
believed no officer of his grade was ever so efficient on the Texas border, 
and he could not be spared for overseas Service. His retention there during 
the World War was a compliment, but all who know him can well under- 
stand how he inwardly fretted at his lot. In this connection, the following 
letter from the Governor of Texas to the Secretary of War is of interest: 



130 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

"January 9, 1918. 
"Hon. Newton D. Baker, 
Secretary of War, 
Washington, D. C. 
"My dear Mr. Baker: 

"The invaluable services of Colonel G. T. Langhorne, commanding the 
Eighth U. S. Cavalry in the Big Bend country, have been repeatedly called 
to my attention, and I feel that the State of Texas owes him her thanks for 
his ceaseless vigilance on that section of the border. 

"The citizens of those counties where his forces are located say that 
there has never before been such efficient handling of the Chihauhau bandits 
as now. 

"I thought it just possible that you would be glad to know the good 
work that Colonel Langhorne is doing. 

"Cordially yours." 

Colonel CLEVELAND C. LANSING, Class 1895. From New York. 
Field Artillery, U. S. A. 
Private, corporal and sergeant, Company "M," 4th Virginia Infantry, 
Spanish-American War, May 24,- 1898 to April 27, 1899. Appointed Second 
Lieutenant, 34th U. S. Infantry, July 5, 1899. Captain, 4th Field Artillery, 
June 6, 1907. Graduated, Artillery School, 190G, and Army School of the 
Line, 1911. Resigned from Army, January 9, 1915. 

Returned to Service, October, 1918, and commissioned Colonel, Field 
Artillery, and served as such to end of War. 

Colonel HENRY C. BONNYCASTLE, Class 1895. From Kentucky. 
Infantry, U. S. A. 

This officer has had a long and brilliant career in the Service, rising 
from Second Lieutenant to Colonel. 

He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, 20th Infantry, July 9, 1898, 
and went to the Philippines with that regiment, in January, 1899. He 
participated in several engagements with the Filipino insurgents. He served 
three tours of duty in the Philippine Islands, amounting to seven years and 
four months, during which time he was engaged in active operations against 
both Filipinos and Morros. He served two years on the Mexican border, 
1914-1916, and was with General Pershing's Mexican Punitive Expedition 
from March 15 to December 5, 1916. He did not perform duty overseas, 
his services being deemed essential here. This was a great disappointment 
to him, but, like so many accomplished U. S. Officers, who were similarly 
denied participation in the operations at the front in Prance, he bore h.is dis- 
appointment at least with a cheerful exterior, and went on doing the duties 
assigned him with great satisfaction to his superiors, and thus did his pait 
towards winning the War. 

Colonel Bonnycastle's father, Captain John Charles Bonnycastle, Jr., was 
a Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy, an officer in the United States Army 
for a number of years, and a veteran of the Mexican and Indian Wars. 
His grandfather, John Charles Bonnycastle, was one of the first Professors 
of Mathematics at the University of Virginia, who was brought to Virginia 
from England by Thomas Jefferson when he established the University. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 131 

Colonel HENRY M. NELLY, Class 1898, From West Virginia. 
Lt. Colonel, Adjutant, First Army Corps, A. B. P. Later, promoted to Colonel. 
Alumnus, V. M. I., and Graduate, U. S. M. A., 1902. 2nd Lieutenant. 
20th Infty., Fort Sheridan, 111., June 14, 1902-November 30, 1903. Philippine 
Islands, December 1, 1903-April 6, 1906. San Francisco (at time of Earth- 
quake), April-June 20, 1908. Infantry and Cavalry School, Fort Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, August, 1906-August, 1907. Instructor, Department of Draw- 
ing, U. S. M. A., August, 1907-August, 1911. Promoted 1st Lieutenant De- 
cember 11, 1907. Assigned to 20th Infantry. 1st Lieutenant, 20th Infantry, 
Fort Douglas, Utah, September, 1911-November, 1913. El Paso, Texas, De- 
cember, 1913-February, 1915. 15th Infantry, Tien Sin, China, March, 1915 
to July, 1917. Promoted Captain, 15th Infantry, July 1, 1915. Promoted 
Major, A. G. D., and assigned as Division Adjutant, 34th Division, Camp 
Cody, N. M., July, 1917. Adjutant, 34th Division, Camp Cody, N. M., August, 
1917-August, 1918. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel, August, 1918. Adjutant, 
34th Division, France, September to November, 1918. Professor, Military 
Science and Tactics and Commandant, V. M. I., 1918-19 and 1919-20. 

Colonel JOHN OVERTON STEGBR, Class 1898. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A., A. E. F. 

When War came this Graduate and accomplished artillerist was on 
duty at Hampton, Virginia, serving as Captain, C. A. C, and Constructing 
Q. M., at Langley Field. 

From there he was ordered to Fort Monroe, Virginia, and served from 
December 13, 1917 to June, 1918, as Commandant, Anti-Aircraft Artillery 
Schiool there. 

From July 5 to November 3, 1918, he was with the A. E. F., in France 
and Italy, engaged in the study of the Anti-Aircraft Artillery Service. 

He was ordered back to Fort Monroe, and was again Commandant of 
the Anti-Aircraft Artillery School there, as well as Material Officer of the 
Coast Artillery Training Centre, ffom November 4, 1918 to July 5, 1919. 

He was then ordered to the Philippines and has served there, at Fort 
Mills, with distinguished ability and success, ever since, as Operations' Of- 
ficer, Commandant of Vocational Training School, and in charge of Anti- 
Aircraft Defense. While at this Post, Colonel Steger met with a very 
serious accident when diving, which came very near proving fatal. It left 
him for a long time in a bad way with an injured spine. At the last report 
(March, 1920) he was assured of complete recovery, and was then leaving 
his Post for a month's recuperation of his nervous system. 

Probably no officer of his grade has won greater distinction in the 
Service than has this Graduate of the V. M. I. 

Colonel GEORGE P. HAWES, JR., Class 1898, "First Captain," Corps of 

Cadets. From Virginia. 
Brigade Adjutant, 155th F. A., 80th Division, A. E. F. Promoted Colonel. 

At the outbreak of the European War, he was a Captain in the Coast 
Artillery, U. S. A. 

He was appointed Major, Field Artillery, and assigned to 155th Field 



132 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Artillery Brigade, 80th Division, at Camp Lee, Virginia. Appointed Brigade 
Adjutant. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel, Field Artillery, May 23, 1918. 
Left United States for France, May 26, 1918. Served as Brigade Adjutant 
through, the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives. Promoted Colonel, 
April 7, 1919. Commanded 315th Field Artillery Regiment, March, 1919. 
Commanded 313th Field Artillery Regiment, April, 1919, to time of demobi- 
lization at Camp Lee, Virginia, in June, 1919. Established Motor Transport 
Training School, July, 1919, and has served ever since as Commandant and 
Commanding Officer of Camp Holabird, Maryland. 

Colonel EDWIN A. HICKMAN, Class 1895. From Missouri. 
General Staff, U. S. A. 
When the War began, he was a Captain in the 17th Cavalry, U. S. A. 
On May 15, 1917, he was promoted Major of 17th Cavalry, U. S. A. On 
July 29, 1918, he was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel in the National 
Army. On July 30, 1918, he was promoted Colonel of Cavalry, U S. A., and 
holds that rank now. He has served as a Member of the General Staff Corps 
with great ability and distinction, from April 29, 1918 to date. 

Colonel EARL BISCOE, Class 1900. From District of Columbia. 
Commanded 342nd F. A., 89th Division, A. E. F. 

Appointed Major, August 25, 1917, and assigned to the 324th F. A., 
158th F. A. Brigade, 83d Division. 

November 14, assigned to the 351st F. A., 92d Division. 

Graduated from Field Artillery School, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in the 8th 
Class. 

Appointed Lieutenant Colonel, Field Artillery, in May, 1918, and as- 
signed to the 342d F. A., 164th F. A. Brigade, 89th Division. Detached from 
342d F. A. to take 340th F. A. Regiment to France. 

Sailed, June 13, 1918, and had command of the troops on the S. S. 
Huntsend. Arrived in Training Camp ^ear Bordeaux, July 5, 1918. 

Returned to 342d F. A., August 4, 1918. Given command of 342d F. A. 
(as a Lt. Colonel), September 8, 1918. 

Arrived on the St. Mihiel Front, September 18, 1918. 

Promoted Colonel, 342d F, A. He commanded this regiment from 
September 8, 1918, as Lieutenant Colonel and then as Colonel, on the Front 
Lines. He remained on the St. Mihiel Front until he went with his regi- 
ment to Germany, as a part of the Third Army, and continued in command 
of it there, where his 155 Howitzers (French Guns) were motorized. His 
regiment was stationed in the vicinity of Bithburg. He remained in Ger- 
many until April 15, 1919, when the 89th Division was ordered to the 
United States. He was detailed as an Inspector in the Motor Transport 
Corps, and returned home, January 24, 1920. 

He served throughout the War with troops, except during the ten weeks 
he spent at Fort Sill. 

His regiment was with the troops getting ready to start the drive to 
Metz on November 14, 1918. It was attached to the 1st, 2d and 3d Armies, 
while overseas. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 133 

Colonel BIscoe served with great gallantry and distinction throughout 
the War. 

Here are more Colonels who must be specially mentioned, though very 
briefly: 

Colonel ALFRED ALOE, Class 1895. From Missouri. 
Commanding 12th Infantry, 8th Division, A. E. P. 

Colonel PHILIP W. BOOKER, Class 1905. From Virginia. 
F. A., U. S. A. 
(No details, but his rank proves his merit.) 

Colonel FREDERICK B. DOWNING, Class 1902. From Virginia. 
"Honour" Graduate, and "Honour" Graduate, U. S. M. A. Corps of En- 
gineers, U. S. A. 
Very distinguished. 

Colonel FRANCIS W. GRIFFIN, Class 1896. From Virginia. 
. 334th F. A., 871h Division, A. E. F. 
Of Confederate fighting stock whose glorious traditions have been fully 
maintained by him. 

Colonel FITZHUGH LEE, Class 1896. From Virginia. 
Cavalry; later, F. A., U. S. A. 
Son and namesake of the great Confederate Cavalry Chieftain, who has 
nobly upheld the glorious name. 

Colonel BALLARD LYERLY, Class 1906. From Tennessee. 
F. A., 78th Regiment, A. E. F., whose high rank attests his merit. 

Colonel MAURY NICHOLS, Class 1880. From Washington, D. C. 

(Retired.) 
Returned to duty when War came and rendered splendid service in the 
mobilization of Virginia Troops. 

Colonel WILLIAM O. OWEN, Class 1876. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps, U. S. A. 
Retired after thirty-odd years' service, but returned to duty when War 
was declared, and served to the end with distinction. 

Colonel HENRY A. SCHWABE, Class 1904. From West Virginia. 
Both V. M. I. Alumnus and Graduate, U. S. M. A. 
C. A., A. E. F. 
Served with great honour, and retired after the War for disability in- 
curred in the Military Service. 

Colonel HUGH D. WISE, Alumnus of V. M. L, of Class 1891, and Graduate, 
U. S. M. A. From Virginia. 
61st Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 
Father and all four brothers are Alumni of the V. M. I. Served during 



134 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

the War with distinction and now retired, after many years' faithful and 
naeritorious service. 

Colonel CHARLES D. WINN, Class 1893. From Kentucky. 
F. A., A. E. F. 
Awarded "D. S. M." for distinguished service. 

Colonel GEORGE W. C. WHITING, Class 1906. From Virginia. 

A. E. F. 

His high rank is evidence of his meritorious service overseas. A brother, 
Major Edgar M. Whiting, of Class 1904, was desperately wounded in action. 
(See below.) 

All mentioned above added fresh lustre to their Alma Mater's fame; but, 
unfortunately, the full details of their service are not known. 



Of V. M. I.'s forty-nine Lieutenant Colonels, it is regretted that only 
the following can be specially mentioned, because of lack of full data: 

Lieutenant Colonel JOHN W. DOWNER, Class 1902. From Virginia. 

Commander 2d Battalion, 6th Field Artillery, A. E. F. Promoted 
Lieutenant Colonel. 

A year or more ago a Norfolk paper told the story of this gallant 
officer's service overseas, and told it so well that it is given here in its 
entirety. 

The Historiographer vouches for its correctness. 

"Lieutenant Colonel John W. Downer, the Norfolk officer who in all 
probability holds the most remarkable war record of all those from this 
city who fought with the Army overseas, has recently been made a Chevalier 
de la Legion d'Honneur by the French Government. Lieutenant Colonel 
Downer went to France with the famous First Division (which has recently 
returned to the United States) as a captain. A few weeks after his arrival 
in France he was made a major and put in command of the Second Batta- 
lion of the Sixth Field Artillery, one of whose guns fired the first American 
shot against the Enemy. Although he was gassed and wounded several 
times, he remained in the thick of the fight until the end of hostilities. 

"Lieutenant Colonel Downer holds the Distinguished Service Cross and 
the Croix de Guerre, and has received five Citations and a letter of com- 
mendation from his Commanding General. He is still in France, and, ac- 
cording to the latest word received by his mother, Mrs. E. T. Downer, 400 
West Bute Street, may remain for another year. 

FIRST DISTINCTION. 

"Lieutenant Colonel Downer first distinguished himself during an ex- 
tensive raid by the Enemy shortly after the First Division went into action. 
One of his Citations tells the story of his heroism. In the early part of 
the raid he was severely gassed. However, in spite of his sickness and 
suffering, he remained at his post directing the fire of his battalion. His 
post at the time was subjected to several direct hits. The bombardment 
lasted for an entire night, and he stayed on, directing his men and giving 
valuable aid to the advancing Infantry. 

[This was near Beaumont, France, Mch. 11, 1918. For his splendid con- 
duct here he was given the D. S. C. — Historiographer.] 

"But this is only one of the many instances when Lieutenant Colonel 
Downer brought honour to himself and his men through his sound judg- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 135 

ment and unusual valour. Another Citation from General Summerall tells 
t^e story of a time when the operations of the Enemy were stopped by good 
military judgment. The Citation reads as follows: 

-'The Brigade Commander desires to call the attention of the command 
to the highly commendable action of Major John W. Downer, Sixth Field 
ArtnLy in ordering the batteries of his battalion to put down a barrage 
when he'heard the sounds of heavy firing in front of his position, and with- 
nnt waiting for orders from higher authority. , ^ ^v, + +v,« 

^ 'From the attending circumstances there can be little doubt that the 
prompt an^ bold action of Major Downer stopped the operations of the 
Fnemv against a portion of our line, and would have inflicted heavy losses 
upoTIhe Enemy should an attack have been delivered. This conduct was 
Mghly meritorious and is worthy of emulation by all officers of this bri- 

FRENCH CITATION. 

"A Citation from the commander-in-chief of the French Armies in the 
East refers to him as 'a field officer of high ability, showing sound judg- 
ment and indeed of the best qualities of energy and coolness and many 
Hmes dTstinguTshed himself during the offensive operations of his Division 
a^dgavf most valuable support to the Infantry with which he was closely 

'"""^'"For'many years Lieutenant Colonel Downer has been noted for his ex- 
nert horsemanship. He has represented the artillery on a number of im- 
Trtan? oS?ons.' He was chosen as one o^^he six officers to go to Pans 
last summer to train for the riding team tor the mtei -allied games. 
'"''''LSutenant colonel Downer entered the Servi«^-,;^-t^^Sitat^^^^ 
io.,viTiP- the Vireinia Military Institute, and is a graduate of the Equitation 
School at Fort Sy,^^^^^^^ Since his marriage to Miss Gladys Trevor, of 
cScTnnati abou? eigkt years ago, he has made his home in Cincinnati. He 
has been with the Army in Cuba and m the Far East 

"After hpine released from service with the bixtn I'leia Aiuueij/, uc 
was mide Directorof instruction of the American Artillery School at Bor- 
r." f HP has also held the positions of Inspector General of the First 
Son.'^a^J taf late? Assista'nt Inspector General of the Third Army. 
Lieutenant Colonel Downer is still (June 20, 1920) overseas with the 
Army of Occupation, temporarily commanding the 2d Battalion 6th Field 
Artillery His Decorations are: D. S. C, Croix de Guerre and Chevalier of 
the Legion of Honour. 

Lieutenant Colonel CHARLES M. BLACKFORD. Class 1897. From Virginia. 
75th Infantry, U. S. A. 
(One of five brothers. Alumni of the V. M. I., one serving gallantly over- 
seas.) An officer of long and faithful service who died at his post of duty, 
during the World War. 

Lieutenant Colonel WILLIAM COUPER, Class 1904. From Virginia. 
The Construction Division, U. S. A. 
Few Officers during the War received higher commendation than he. 
After graduating at the V. M. I. he took a degree at the Massachusetts In- 
fttl of Technology in Civil Engineering and Railroad Management. In 
e^te of th Pennsylvania Railroad, or its subsidiaries as Railroad Co^- 
sl^ction Engineer and Operating Official, from his graduation « the da e 
he enJered the Military Service, May 25, 1917 ^^^^^^^^^^^^J^^^^^^^ 
of Engineers vMctv supervised the construction of all terminal facilities 



136 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

in the vicinity of New York for the Pennsylvania Railroad. Commissioned 
Major, Q. M. Corps, June 6, 1917, and put in charge of construction at the 
6th National Army Cantonment, afterwards called Camp Jackson, S. C. 
This Camp was fourth in size and, as originally built, contained 1,519 build- 
ings, accommodated 44,250 men, and cost about $9,000,000. 

On January 10, 1918, he was transferred to Washington and served as 
Supervising Construction Quartermaster, with jurisdiction over twelve con- 
tracts covering the construction of harbor craft for use at the various Army 
Terminals and depots, and 234 boats built at a cost of $5,200,000. 

On October 13, 1918, he was appointed Officer in charge of Construction 
of the North Columbia Cantonment, near Columbia, S. C. Because of the 
Armistice, construction was abandoned on this Camp (which was to have 
been an Artillery Training Camp for 38,000 men) on November 30, 1918. 

He was then placed in charge of the disposal of all supplies, materials, 
equipment, camps, etc., under the jurisdiction of the Construction Division 
of the Army, and served in this capacity, from December, 1918, to date of 
his resignation, March 1, 1920. 

[Here follow three Lieutenant Colonels, Graduates of the same splendid 
Class (1894), all prominent scientists, wh.o had reached the top of their 
profession, and who volunteered their valuable services for the War.] 

Lieutenant Colonel HARDEE CHAMBLISS, Class 1894. From Alabama. 

(Grandson of the accomplished Soldier, Lieutenant General William J. 
Hardee, of Confederate fame.) He asked for service in a combatant regi- 
ment, but the War Department deemed his services too valuable for the 
field, and used them otherwise. 

This is his record: 

Lieutenant Colonel, Ordnance Department, U. S. A. 

M. S., Vanderbilt University; Ph. D., Johns Hopkins University; Fellow 
of the London Chemical Society; Fellow of the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science; Member of American Chemical Society; Mem- 
ber of the Society of Chemical Industry (English). 

He offered his services to the Government at both the first and second 
O. T. Schools, in 1917, expressing a preference for duty in the line, and 
at the front. His services were deemed so valuable to the Government he 
was requested to take duty in the Ordnance Department. Upon his signify- 
ing his compliance he was at once commissioned Major, Ordnance Depart- 
ment, and assigned to duty, July 20, 1917, with the Gun Division, afterwards 
incorporated into the Chemical Warfare Service. Upon his request, he was 
transferred to the Nitrate Division, Ordnance Department. For a year he 
served as Nitrate Division Representative in New York and vicinity, having 
charge of all investigation carried on by that Division. February 1, 1919, 
he was ordered to United States Nitrate Plant No. One, at Sheffield, Ala., 
as Commanding Officer. On July 16, 1919, he was promoted to the rank of 
Lieutenant Colonel. 

The Government requested Lieutenant Colonel Chambliss to remain 
at the U. S. N. P. No. 1 (which had cost $14,000.00) as General Manager, 
after he should obtain his discharge from the Military Service, as it had been 
decided to continue the operation of the great Plant. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 137 

Lieutenant Colonel JAMES MOWTON SAUNDERS WARING, Class 1894. 

From Maryland. 

Degree E. E., Johns Hopkins University. Distinguished Electrical Engineer. 

Ordnance Department, U. S. A. 

On February, 1918, he took charge of the power development in con- 
nection with Explosives Plant "C," Nitro, West Virginia, on the Staff of D. C. 
Jackling, Director of U. S. Government Explosives Plants. 

On May 24, 1918, he was commissioned Major, Ordnance Department, 
U, S. R., and assigned to the Staff of D. C. Jackling, Director. 

On August 18, 1918, he was given charge of Engineering (other than 
process work) and operation of utilities, at Nitro, W. Va., as the Director's 
Representative. 

In August, 1918, he was appointed Deputy Director, representing the 
Director, D. C. Jackling, on the Government power installation at Cabin 
Creek, West Virginia, in the plant of the Virginian Power Co. 

In January, 1919, the Nitro Plant was transferred from under the 
jurisdiction of the Director to the Ordnance Department, U. S. A., and 
designated as "Nitro General Ordnance Depot," Colonel Arthur Wass, Com- 
manding, and Major Waring was appointed Executive Officer to the Com- 
manding Officer. 

In January, 1919, the Virginian Power project was transferred from 
the Director to the Chief of Ordnance, and Major Waring was appointed 
Special Representative of the Chief of Ordnance, and Contracting Officer 
on this installation, in which capacity he served till the great Plant was 
abolished. 

On May 16, 1919, he was designated as Commanding Officer, Nitro Gen- 
eral Ordnance Depot. 

On May 21, 1919, he was commissioned Lieutenant Colonel, Ordnance 
Department, U. S. A. 

[This was the second most costly and most important Nitrate Plant 
the United States constructed during the World War, costing over seventy 
millions of dollars. After th© cessation of hostilities the manufacture of 
' War materials was stopped, and, later, the Plant was disposed of by 
auction for one-tenth, of its cost, and Lieutenant Colonel Waring was hon- 
ourably discharged, and he returned to his Civil vocation of Consulting 
Engineer.] 

Lieutenant Colonel WILLIAM G. WALL, Class 1894. From Maryland. 

(One of three brothers Alumni of the V. M. I.) 

Ordnance Department, U. S. A., A. E. F. 

This officer had obtained a national reputation as a designer of Motor 

Cars before the War. Though considerably past the military age, he offered 

his services as soon as War was declared. 

On Jime 20, 1917, he was commissioned Major, Ordnance Department. 
He was ordered to France in the Spring of 1918, for the purpose of per- 
fecting the motorization of the U. S. Artillery, and especially in reference 
to heavy guns. He was in the battle of Amiens (so-called), though the 
action occurred considerably east of that place. 



138 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

He was detailed to serve with the British, and, later, with the French 
Sixth Army at Soissons, for short periods. On July 1, 1918, he was promoted 
to Lieutenant Colonel, and was Senior Officer on the Board of Caterpillar 
Design which consisted of placing the Artillery on top of the Caterpillars, 
making a self-contained, self-propelled mount, in place of drawing the guns 
by the Caterpillar Tractors. 

He was discharged from the Service, February 1, 1919, and he returned 
to his pre-war position of Vice-President and Chief Engineer of the National 
Motor Car and Vehicle Corporation, at Indianapolis, Indiana. 

I 
Lieutenant Colonel RUTHERFURD S. HARTZ, Class 1901.^ 
; From Pennsylvania. 

' Air Service, U. S. A. 

He served from 1900 to November 28, 1917, in the Regular Infantry and 
Field Artillery — rising from the ranks. 

On the last date h.e was transferred to the Aviation Section of the 
Signal Corps, and was later transferred as Lieutenant Colonel to the Air 
Service. He became Junior Military Aviator, November 14, 1918. In Janu- 
ary, 1920, he completed the historic Rim Flight — circumnavigating the United 
States — a distance of 9,823 miles, which he accomplished in 104 hours and 
23 minutes. This was a wonderful achievement, and gave him great 
prestige. 

He is now in command of the Concentration Camp, Air Service, at 
Charlotte, N. C. 

Lieutenant Colonel WALTON H. WALKER, Class 1909. From Texas. 
13th M. G. Battalion, A. E. F., as Ma;or. Promoted Lieutenant Colonel. 
At the outbreak of the War he was 1st Lieutenant, 19th Infantry (Reg- 
ular Army). October, 1917, he was promoted to Captain and Adjutant, 57th 
Infantry, December, 1917 to April, 1913, he was Captain, 13th Machine- 
Gun Battalion, at San Antonio, Texas. From April to June, 1918, he was 
Captain, 13th Machine-Gun Battalion, A. B. F., France. From June, 1918 
to May, 1919, he was Major (Commanding), 13th Machine-Gun Battalion. 
In action at Arnould Sector (Vosges), St. Die Sector (Vosges), battle 
of St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne Campaign. In Army of Occupation. He was 
cited twice in General Orders, Headquarters, 5th Division (Regular), for 
"Distinguish,ed Conduct in action." Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, May, 
1919. Present Station, Fort Sill, Okla. 

Lieutenant Colonel ALVIN MANSFIELD OWSLEY, Class 1909, 
"First Captain." From Texas. 
Adjutant, 36th Division, A. E. F. 
His military career is summed up as follows: 

On May 8. 1917, he became a student in the first Training Camp at Leon 
Springs, Texas, and remained there from May to July. He was then com- 
missioned a Major in the Texas National Guard, and placed on recruiting 
duty, and his organization later became the I42nd Infantry Regiment of 
the 36th Division, He was next assigned as the Divisional Insurance Officer 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 139 

of the 36th Division, attending the conference held in October in Wash- 
ington. He was, later, assigned as Senior Instructor of the Third Officers' 
Training School, Camp Bowie, Texas. He sailed for overseas service in 
July, 1918, and was returned to the United States in July, 1919. On October 
21, 1918, he received his promotion and was commissioned Lieutenant 
Colonel of Infantry, U. S. A., and continued his assignment as Adjutant 
of the 36th Division. 

From March to June, 1919, he was one of those American officers for- 
tunate enough to be sent to one of the larger educational institutions of 
Great Britain. He, of course, very naturally chose the Inns of Court, Law 
Courts of England, at London. He attended three sessions of the Lectures 
given at the Inns of Court and secured his Certificate as issued from that 
great institution. 

In a letter to his father, the Hon. Alvin C. Owsley, Lieut. Colonel W. L. 
Culberson, of the General Staff, 36th Division, thus wrote (in part) of this 
gallant officer, and his brother. Captain Clark Owsley, of Class 1916: 

"I know no family that has contributed more than yours has done. 
Your own labors and counsels at home, in the administration of this great 
problem, and the magnificent service of your two boys in a combat Division, 
on the front in France, display a striking example of that exalted American 
patriotism that is a guarantee of freedom and; happiness for the genera- 
tions yet to come, and reminds us that the spirit of our fathers still lives. 

"Your sons have borne tljemselves nobly and gallantly, both receiving 
their promotion immediately following the first two days' battle at St. 
Etienne, and both receiving from their Commanding General his thanks and 
commendation for their part in driving the Germans back to the river 
Aisne. I am sure it will be a source of pride and pleasure to you and the 
good mother of these young men to know that they will come back to you 
promoted upon foreign soil to higher rank, and carrying their battle-worn 
titles with the soldierly dignity becoming their worthy sire. It was my 
pleasure to see General Smith deliver in person to your son, Alvin, his 
promotion as Lieutenant Colonel of Infantry, the first officer of the Texas 
Division to be promoted, after the battle at St. Etienne, and it was in the 
shell-torn town of Dricourt, near; the Aisne, where he had been working 
under shell fire day and night, that he took his oath and assumed the added 
responsibilities of his increased rank. 

"Clark acquitted himself gallantly and fearlessly in the twenty-two 
days' fighting — from the first shell to the 'pull out' when the Division was 
relieved. No officer rendered more service, or went through more danger, 
than he did in the discharge of duties under shell fire and in the face of 
machine-guns. I write this to you, not in flattery, but to let you know 
that which from the modesty of your gallant sons you might never know. 

"With highest regards for >ou and your family, 

"W. L. Culberson, 
"Lieutenant Colonel, General Staff." 

In a letter to General Nichols, the proud father of these two boys 
(and of another, later sent to the V. M. I.), thus concluded: "A touch of 
V. M. I. fits men for many things, in time of peace, and puts them to the 
front when we get into War." 

Upon his discharge from the service, Lt. Col. Owsley was made Assistant 
Attorney General of Texas. 



140 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Lieutenant Colonel WALTON GOODWIN, JR., Class 1901. 

From District of Columbia. 

59th Infantry, 4tli Division, A. E. F. 

Appointed Second Lieutenant, 5th, Infantry, U. S. A., June 9, 1904. He 
was Captain, Second U. S. Cavalry, w^hen War was declared. Promoted to 
Major, Cavalry. Left United States for France, March 22, 1918, with 2nd 
U. S. Cavalry. After spending about three weeks at the front, his regiment 
was ordered to the Service of Supplies for remount duty. He was stationed 
at Valdahon and Gievres on this duty until August 29, 1918, when he was 
promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and assigned to the 59th Infantry, 4th 
Division. He was in the St. Mihiel drive, and in the Meuse-Argonne drive 
until September 29, 1918, when he was severely wounded. He was in Hos- 
pital at S. O. S. until November 27, when he re-joined his command. Joined 
Army of Occupation in Germany, December 20, 1918. Transferred to 89th 
Division, January 23, 1919, as Acting Adjutant, 177th Brigade. 

Reverted to his pre-war rank of Captain, Cavalry, U. S. A. 

Lieutenant Colonel JOHN COCKE, Class 1896. From Virginia.. 
Ordnance Officer, 87th Division, A. E. F. 
Volunteered in Spanish-American War, Sergeant, Company "G," 3rd Vir- 
ginia Infantry. 

Enlisted in U. S. Army, Coast Artillery Corps, April 4, 1899 — private, 
corporal and sergeant. Commissioned Second Lieutenant, 11th Cavalry, 
April 25, 1901. 

He was a Captain of Cavalry when War with Germany was declared, 
having graduated at both the Infantry and Cavalry School and the Mounted 
Service School. 

He served in France as Ordnance Officer of the 87th Division. 
Returned to the United States, he reverted to his pre-war rank of Captain 
of Cavalry. 

Lieutenant Colonel JAMES AYLOR ANDERSON, Class 1913, "First Honour," 

From Virginia. 
Assistant to Observations Officer, First Army, A. E. F. 
Entered Service, July 7, 1917, as Captain, Q. M. C, Virginia National 
Guard, and served as Asst. Q. M., 30th Division, U. S. A., both at Camp 
Sevier, U. S. and in France, until September 10, 1918. Promoted Major, 
August 1, 1918. At First Army Headquarters, A. E. F., Sept. 11, 1918 to 
January 20, 1919, as Assistant to Operations Officer, First Army (Colonel 
George C. Marshall, Jr., V. M. I.). 

January 21 to July 5, 1919, Assistant to A. C. of G., 7th Corps (Third 
Army of Occupation). 

Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, April 2G, 1919. 

With A. E. F., from May 1, 1918 to June 27, 1919. In three major 
operations — Ypres, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. Discharged, July 27, 1919. 
Returned to duty as Adjunct Professor of Engineering, V. M. I. 
Promoted, June, 1920 to Associate Professor, Civil Engineering. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 141 

Lieutenant Colonel JENNINGS CROPPER WISE, Class 1902, Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 
SlSth Infantry, 80tli Division, A. E. F. 

May 11, 1917, was returned to active duty as Major, U. S. R., Adjutant 
General's Section; and June 21, ordered to duty as Asst. A. G. Southern 
Department, Fort Sam Houston, Texas. July 18, was placed on duty as 
Instructor at the Reserve Officers' Training Camp, Camp Funston, Leon 
Springs, Texas, being re-commissioned Major of Infantry, August 15, 1917. 

At that time h.e was specially recommended to be commissioned Lt. 
Colonel, by the Camp and Department Commanders. 

Sept. 1, 1917, assigned to the Command of the 3rd Battalion, 357th 
Inf., 90th Division, N. A., Camp Travis, Texas, which he organized. 

Sept. 11, transferred, upon request, to the SOth Division, N. A., and, 
Sept. 16, placed in command of the 3rd Battalion, 318th Infantry, Camp 
Lee, Va. Nov. 18, assigned to the command of the 314th Machine-Gun 
Battalion and the 1st Provisional Infantry Recruit Battalion, 80th Division. 

Dee. 11, ordered to join the A. E. F., sailing from New York, Dea 14, 
and reporting to the A. G., A. E. F., Dec. 28, 1917. 

From Jan. 5 to March 5, 1918, served with the British Ex. Force (57th 
Division) in the line in Flanders, and with the French Army in the Vosges, 
being attached to the 42nd (Rainbow) Division, A. E. F., for a brief period, 
in February, 1918. 

While with the 133rd Reg. of Inf., French, Army, he was decorated, 
receiving the appointment of Grenadier, Regiment de Zuzey, for participation 
in battle on February 20, near Arracourt, in the Foret de Parroy. 

March 5-May 30, attended the Army General Staff College, A. E. F., at 
Langres, being graduated the latter date in the Operations Section, and was 
assigned to temporary duty with the 16th (Irish) Division, B. E. F., pending 
the arrival of the SOth Division in the British Sector, as part of the 2nd 
U. S. Corps. 

From June 6 to June 24, he was acting Operations Officer, 80th Division, 
having been appointed Division Machine-Gun Officer during his absence 
from the Division, and re-assigned to the 314th Machine-Gun Battalion. 

June 24-July 21, attended the. British G. H. Q. Machine-Gun School, at 
Camieres, France, graduating the latter date, and r<eporting the following 
day to Headquarters, SOth Division. 

July 28 to Feb. 19 he commanded the 2nd Battalion, 318th Inf., SOth 
Division, participating, without a day's absence, in the Picardy Campaign, 
attached to the 17th and 38th British Divisions, successively, and in the St. 
Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Campaigns. 

Oct. 4, 1918, was wounded, being twice cited, subsequently, for "Meri- 
torious and Conspicuous action in battle," once by the Division Commander 
and once by the Commanding General, A. E. F. 

Feb., 1919, transferred to the Historical Section, General Staff, A. E. F., 
and stationed at G. H. Q. 

April 23, re-assigned to the SOth Division, as Division Machine-Gun 
Officer. Sailed, with Hdqrs., SOth, Div., from Brest on the Zeppelin, May 17. 
Landed, Newport News, May 28, and was discharged from the Military Ser- 
vice. June 28. 1919. 



142 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecorl» 

The D. S. C. was presented by the War Department to Lt. Col. Wise in 
November, 1920, "for extraordinary heroism" in action near Nantillois, 
France, October 4, 1918. 

Oct. 3, 1919, he was appointed a member of the Contract Adjustment 
Board of the War Department, with judicial duties, and was thus serving, 
April, 1920. 

Lieutenant Colonel Wise is the fourth son of the late Hon. John S. 
Wise, one of the "New Market" heroes, who sent all of his five sons to the 
V. M. I. — thxee of them becoming Field Officers in the World War. 

Lieutenant Colonel LEONARD TOWNSEND GEROW, Class 1911, Third Cadet 
Captain. From Virginia. 
52nd Telegraph Battalion, A. E. F. 
Upon graduation, the "Honour" Appointment was awarded him, and he 
was commissioned a Second Lieutenant, Sept. 29, 1911, and assigned to the 
19th U. S. Infantry. He served continuously in that regiment, both in the 
United States and in Vera Cruz, until promoted to the rank of First Lieu- 
tenant, in June, 1916, and assigned to the 37th U. S. Infantry. 

He performed the usual duties in connection with his rank until promoted 
to the grade of Captain, July, 1917, and assigned to the 57th U. S. Infantry, 
and, later, appointed District Adjutant, Brownsville District. After a short 
tour of duty in that capacity he was transferred to the 24th Infantry (Col- 
ored), at Columbus, N. M., where experienced officers were urgently needed. 
After about three months' duty with this regiment he was detailed for duty 
in the Signal Corps, and was sent to Leon Springs, Texas, as an Instructor in 
the Signal Corps School for Candidates for Commission. While there he 
received orders to proceed to France, arriving at Brest the latter part of 
April, 1918. He was assigned to duty as Officer in Charge of Purchasing 
and Disbursing for the Signal Corps in all foreign Countries (France, Eng- 
land, Switzerland, Spain and Italy), with Control Offices in Paris. (Practi- 
cally, all signal equipment purchased abroad was obtained through the 
Control Office, or its branches, and disbursements made therefrom.) The 
approximate value of the property purchased, and money disbursed, was 
$20,000,000. 

After the Armistice was signed the machinery of the P. & D. Office was 
reversed, and it became the Sales and Disbursing Department for the Signal 
Corps, and he was designated as the Officer in Charge. Signal Corps ma- 
terial to the value of approximately $15,000,000, was disposed of to foreign 
buyers. 

While in France he was promoted to the rank of Major, and, in October, 
1918, he became a Lieutenant Colonel of the Signal Corps, which rank he 
holds at present. 

For his services he was cited in orders by the Commander-in-Chief of 
the A. E. F., and the French Government (with which he had been in close 
contact) conferred upon him the Decoration of "Chevalier Legion d'Honneur." 

He returned to the United States on October 2, 1919, and since that date 
has been commanding the 52nd Telegraph Battalion, at Fort Sam Houston, 
Texas. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 143 

A brother of Lt. Colonel Gerow, Major L. S. Gerow, U. S. A., was 
graduated in the Class of 1913. 

Lieutenant Colonel DONALD M. McRAE, Class 1912. From District of 

Columbia. 
(Son of Major General James H. McRae, U. S. A., A. E. F.) 
This gallant young officer enlisted early in the Canadian Army and 
went to France. He was wounded at Vimey Ridge, April 9, 1917. He rose 
from private to Major in the B. E. F. 

Upon the declaration of War by the United States he was transferred 
to the U. S. Army and Commissioned Captain, and before the Armistice 
came he had been promoted to the grade of Lieutenant Colonel. He was 
three times cited for conspicuous gallantry, and King George himself pinned 
on his breast the British "Military Cross." His record is, therefore, unique. 

Lieutenant Colonel JOHN E. TOWNBS, JR., Class 1907. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, A. E. F. 

Captain C. A. C, Commanding 22nd Recruit Company, General Service, 
Infantry, Ft. Thomas, Ky., from April 2, 1917 to Oct. 20, 1917 (approx.). 
Commanding 2nd Co., C. A. C, Coast Defense of Tampa, Oct. 20 to Nov. 25, 
1917. (Both dates approximate.) Sailed for FYance as a Casual Officer, 
Dec. 4, 1917. Reported to Commanding General, 1st Separate Brigade, Coast 
Artillery Corps, at Mailly-le-Camp, France, on (or about) Dec. 28, 1917. 

Commanded Battery "F," 53rd Artillery, C. A. C. 

Promoted Major, C. A. C, F'eb. 6, 1918, commanding 53rd Artillery, 
C. A. C. Adjutant, Railway Artillery Reserve. Chief of Section G, General 
Staff of the Railway Artillery Reserve, A. E. F. Promoted Lieutenant Colo- 
nel, C. A. C, October 11, 1918. Chief of Section G., Railway Artillery Re- 
serve, A. E. F., until return to United States, November 5, 1918, with about 
60 other Artillery Officers for assignment to new organizations which were 
being formed for overseas Service. The Armistice, coming a few days later, 
prevented h,is returning to France, as had been contemplated. 

Service after November 11, 1918: Fort Commander, Fort Barrancas, 
Nov. 30, 1918 to February 27, 1919, as Lieutenant Colonel, C. A. C. On 
Recruiting duty until February 27, 1919. 

The successive promotions of this fine officer show his merit. 

Lieutenant Colonel GEORGE M. PEEK, Class 1907. From Virginia. 
Assistant Operations Officer, 6th Army Corps, A. E. F. 

When diplomatic relations were broken off between the United States 
and Germany he was commanding the U. S. S. Schofield (Mineplanter), in 
Central American waters. At first, he was ordered to the States, but was 
caught by radio and ordered back. His ship was used on patrol duty in 
the CaTibbean Sea, in addition to the mine and submarine net work, the 
patrol duty being under th,e Naval authorities in those waters. Part of 
this time he was in command of a Provisional Division, consisting of his 
ship and two Destroyers. 

He remained on this duty until September 9, 1917, when he was promoted 



144 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

to Major and sent to the States as Ordnance Officer of the 76th Division. 
In January, 1918, he was made Division Adjutant. He sailed for France in 
'the Spring, and shortly after his arrival overseas, he was promoted and 
made Chief of Staff of the Division. Soon after, he was sent to the 6th 
Army Corps as Assistant G-3, Operations, and he remained with the 6th 
Corps, advancing with it into, and occupying, the Dutchy of Luxemburg, 
after the Armistice. When the 6th Corps was returned to the States he was 
sent to the 3rd American Army on the Rhine, as Assistant G-1. Later, he 
was made Assistant Chief of Staff, G-1, and remained in that capacity with 
the permanent forces of Occupation overseas, which position he was occupy- 
ing as late as February, 1920. 

Lt. Colonel Peek is a brother of Colonel William H. Peek, A. E. F. 
(above), Graduate of Class 1896, and a younger brother who graduated in 
1908, J. H. Peek, was engaged in civil work for the Government, during the 
World War. 

Lieutenant Colonel R. O. EDWARDS, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
C. A. C, U. S. A. (A. E. F.). 

After graduating at the V. M. I., he received the "Honour Graduate" 
Appointment to the Army, and was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Coast 
Artillery Corps, Sept. 4, 1908. Promoted to 1st Lieut., C. A." C, July 3, 1909. 
Promoted to Captain, C. A. C, July 1, 1916. Promoted to Major, C. A., 
National Army, Dec. 29, 1917. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Coast Artil- 
lery, September 17, 1918. 

When War was declared he was serving in the Coast Defense of Oahu, 
Hawaiian Territory. From there he served, as follows: 

1. Trained and instructed enlisted men and officers in the Coast Defense 
of Oahu; trained and instructed enlisted men for Officers' Commissions; 
from April to December, 1917, engaged in this duty. 

2. In command of Fort Armstrong, H. T.,"Dec., 1917 to Aug., 1918. 

3. In command of Camp for Federalization of Hawaiian National Guard, 
June, 1918. Placed in command of Camp for Instruction of Selective Draft 
Troops of Hawaiian Territory, July, 1918; relieved, to take command of 
Coast Defense of Oahu, July and August, 1918. 

4. Ordered to United States, October, 1918. On arrival, was ordered to 
Fort Howard to organize a regiment for overseas duty. Regiment not 
organized, due to Armistice. It was a disappointment to this fine oflacer, but 
he was satisfied, knowing he had done his duty, though not on the fighting 
line — to his great sorrow. 

5. On duty at Fort Howard, Md., from November, 1918 to June, 1919. 

6. Ordered overseas, June, 1919. Served at H. Q., S. O. S., A. E. F., 
Tours, July to September, 1919. On duty, H. Q., A. E. F., in Paris, Septem- 
ber, 1919 to January, 1920, when he returned to U. S. Since then on duty 
in New York City. 

Lieutenant Colonel ALBERT B. DOCKERY, Class 1899. Alumnus of V. M. I. 

and Graduate, U. S. M. A. From Mississippi. 
Cavalry, Infantry and Staff, Assistant Chief of Staff, 14th Division, U. S. A. 
His fine record from the declaration of War is as follows: 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 145 

9 

Captain, 10th Cavalry, January 26 to February 5, 1917. Feb. G to June 

23, 1917, at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. June 24 to Aug. 24, Instructor at 
Training Camp, Ft. Myer. Promoted to Major of Infantry, August 5, 1917. 
Dec. 24, 1917 to March 15, 1918, commanding 318th Infantry, at Camp Lee. 
March 16 to April 15, commanding 1st Battalion, 318th Infantry, at Camp 
Lee. April 16 to Aug. 12, 1918, Instructor, 155th Depot Brigade and Chief 
Mustering Officer, at Camp Lee. Promoted to Lieutenant Colonel of Infantry, 
Aug. 10, 1918. Aug. 13 to Nov. 4, 1918, Assistant Chief of Staff (G-3), 14th 
Division, Camp Custer. Nov. 5 to Dec. 11, War College, Washington. Dec. 
12, 1918 to F-eb. 8, 1919, P. S. & T. Division, Washington. Feb. 9 to March, 
1919, commanding Camp and 3rd Squadron, 4th Cavalry, at McAllen, Texas. 
March 24 to August 19, 1919, commanding 4th Cavalry at Ft. Ringgold, Texas. 
Detailed as Instructor of Cavalry at V. M. 1., Aug. 20, 1919. 
Promoted, Sept., 1920, to Professor, Military Science and Tactics, and 
Commandant of Cadets. 

Lieutenant Colonel ERNEST O. THOMPSON, Class 1914. From Texas. 

Major, 344th Machine-Gun Battalion, 90th Division, A. E. F. 

Promoted Lieutenant Colonel. 

This young officer had such a remarkably distinguished record that, 
although few details are at hiand, he musit be mentioned in this galaxy 
of heroes specially. 

He had but a few weeks before received his B. L. degree, at the Uni- 
versity of Virginia when, on August 15, 1917, he received a commission of 
Captain, Infantry, at Leon Springs, Texas. He was assigned to the 344th 
Machine-Gun Battalion, 90th Division, at Camp Travis, ^exas, in December, 
1917. He sailed for France with his Division. 

In a short time he went into action and proved his mettle. Soon, he was 
promoted to Major of his battalion, and before the War ended he was 
promoted to Lieutenant Colonel for gallant and meritorious conduct. His 
record for one so young was scarcely excelled in the Overseas Armies. 

A younger brother, First Lieutenant G. Otho Thompson, of Class 1918, 
also distinguished himself in France and was awarded the Croix de Guerre. 

Lieutenant Colonel ARTHUR E. WILBOURN, Class 1904. Graduate of 
V. M. I. and of the U. S. M. A. From Virginia. 
^ Signal Corps (Aviation Section), U. S. A. 

When War was declared he was on duty as 1st Lieutenant of Cavalry 
in Columbus, N. M., where he had been stationed since the Columbus 
(Mexican) Raid. He served on this duty until August 28, 1917, when he 
was assigned to the 21st Cavalry which was then being organized as a 
Field Artillery Regiment at Fort Riley. In a short time he was commis- 
sioned Major, Signal Corps (Aviation Section) and ordered to Kelly Field, 
October 1, 1917, to assume command of, and re-organize, the Flying School. 
When this work was completed he was ordered, Dec. 30, 1917, to Wilbur 
Wright Field, Ohio, to organize a school for enlisted mechanics in the Air 
Service — the school to handle 3,000 men per month, and all to be prepared 
for overseas service. This school was intended to operate in the Winter 



146 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

months only, when weather conditions would permit flying instruction. It 
was discontinued in April and the Flying School was re-organized. In July, 
1918, he was ordered to Chanute Field, Illinois, to re-organize the school at 
that station. When this work had been completed, he requested to be re- 
lieved from duty in the Air Service. He was relieved and commissioned 
Lieutenant Colonel of Infantry, and ordered to join the 810th Pioneer In- 
fantry, at Camp Greene, N. C, for duty overseas. On October 20, 1918, he 
joined the regiment, and was in charge of training it, from that date until 
it was demobilized, the signing of the Armistice preventing the regiment 
from going to France. 

On duty with Remount Service of the Army as Lieutenant Colonel, from 
February 3 to Oct. 13, 1919. Now on duty as Assistant Instructor, Cavalry 
School, at Fort Riley, Kansas. 

He served with the following regiments, after being commissioned in 
1904: 

9th Cavalry, 12th Cavalry, 13th Cavalry, 21st Cavalry. 

Lieutenant Colonel ARTHUR G. CAMPBELL, Class 1906. From Virginia. 

Commander, Battery "M," 7th Regiment, C. A. C, A. E. F. 
Then Regimental Adjutant. Later, transferred to Military Intelligence Divi- 
sion, General Staff, U. S. A. G. S. Executive Assistant. 

Here is one of V. M. I.'s Lieutenant Colonels of whose record she is very 
proud. 

He entered the Service as a Second Lieutenant, Coast Artillery Corps, 
September 25, 1908. 

When War was declared he had been a Captain in the Coast Artillery 
Corps nine months. He soon went to France as Commander of Battery "M," 
7th Regiment, Coast Artillery Corps. The first attack upon the German 
line by an American battery was made by Captain Campbell's battery, on 
February 13, 1918, in Champagne, near Rheims, France. He had been made 
Adjutant of his regiment a short time before, but on this occasion the honour 
was accorded him of commanding his splendid battery in its first action. 

He wrote his father: 

"I am enclosing a clipping from the Isfeio York, Herald. It will explain 
itself. I was there in the capacity I wanted to go into action. I can't 
give any details other than are here published. I am back now, and went 
into the ofllce this morning as Adjutant again. My Commanding Officer did 
me a great favour and honour. 

"I have told you a number of times since coming over here just how I 
wanted to go into action. Well — I did it. It was great! I have not quite 
rested up yet, but that is a matter of minor importance. I will come back 
to earth shortly." 

The report published in the Herald (Paris Edition) said, in part, Febru- 
ary 14: 

"The American Army's first Offensive took place yesterday when Amer- 
ican batteries participated in the artillery preparation for the French attack 
at Butte du Mesriel. The preparation lasted six hours. The American bat- 
teries effectively destroyed the German trenches, wire entanglements and 
fortifications. When the French Infantry leaped to the attack at 4:15 in 
the morning, the guns participated in the rolling barrage which preceded 
the assailants." 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 147 

In another letter to his father. Captain Campbell wrote: 

"I must tell you something that made me feel good, though I stumbled 
against it by chance. When the new Captain took my battery (after I was 
made Adjutant), the Commanding Officer told him he was taking a battery 
that was in the highest state of efficiency, and that he must see that it did 
not slip back. The Captain told me this himself." 

Captain Campbell was promoted to Major in May, 1918, and ordered to 
the United States as an Instructor. Upon his arrival he was soon trans- 
ferred to the General Staff. In a few months, h,e was promoted to the grade 
of Lieutenant Colonel and made Executive Assistant, G. S., Military Intelli- 
gence Division, one of the four branches of the General Staff in Washington. 
His services proved so valuable, he was retained in this position until the 
War ended. He is still serving with the General Staff, U. S. A. 

Lieutenant Colonel Campbell is the eldest son of Dr. J. H. Campbell, 
of Lexington, Virginia, a Graduate of the Class of 1875. Two Other sons 
served in tbe Army during tbe War, First Lieutenant William S. Campbell 
(V. M. I.), of the 810th Pioneer Infantry, and Sergeant John H. Campbell, 
Jr. who served nine months with the 316th Infantry overseas. 

nt is a pleasure to the writer to chronicle the brilliant achievements of 
this Graduate in the World War whose distinguished father was his pupil 
at the Institute, in the Second Section, Third Class Latin in 1872-3. They 
may not have become famous Latinists, but it is doubtful if any Section ever 
contained more members who became as prominent as they in after life.] 

Lieutenant Colonel ALFRED P. UPSHUR, Class 1904. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps, U. S. A. 
Appointed First Lieutenant Medical Reserve Corps, March 25, 1911. 
He was a Captain in the Medical Corps, U. S. A., when War was declared. 
In June, 1917, he was ordered to Little Rock, Arkansas, and placed in charge 
of the sanitary and hygienic development of the Camp near there for the 
mobilization of thirty-eight thousand troops. 

He was promoted soon to Major, Medical Corps, U. S. A. He organized 
and commanded th,e Base Hospital at Camp Pike, Arkansas. He organized 
and commanded General Hospital, No. 3, U. S. A., having been promoted to 
Lieutenant Colonel, Medical Corps. His record in the War was exceptionally 
fine, and he was recommended by the Surgeon General, U. S. A., for the 
Distinguished Service Medal. His brother. Major William P. Upshur, U. S. M. 
Corps (who won several medals for distinguished bravery in action before 
the World War), is a Graduate of Class 1902, and his half brother was a 
Captain in the Medical Corps, during the War. His father, also a Graduate 
of the V. M. I., served in the battle of New Market in 1864, where he was 
severely wounded. 

Lieutenant Colonel WALKER H. ADAMS, Class 1911. From Virginia. 
Commanded 3rd Battalion, 317th Infantry, 80th Division, A. E. P. 

(Promoted Lieutenant Colonel, U. S. A., R. C.) 
Entered Service as Sergeant, Co. L., 1st Va. Infantry, March 4. 1916. 
Promoted to First Sergeant, July 1, 1916, serving as same on Mexican bofder 



148 ViKGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

until mustered out of Service in January, 1917. Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant, 
Infantry, Officers' Reserve Corps, May 3, 1917, and ordered to report to Fort 
Myer, Virginia, for active duty, May 8, 1917. Promoted to Captain, Infantry, 
Officers' Reserve Corps, August 15, 1917, and ordered to report to Camp Lee, 
Virginia, and assigned to 317tli Infantry. Sailed from Newport News, Vir- 
ginia, May 25, 1918, for service in A. E. F. Acting Battalion Commander 
of 3rd Battalion, 317th Infantry, from September 5 to October 28, and 
promoted to Major, October 28, 1918, and assigned to 3rd Battalion, 317th 
Infantry. Recommended for promotion to Lieutenant Colonel, March 29, 
April 20 and May 3, 1919, and promoted to Lieutenant Colonel, Infantry, 
Officers' Reserve Corps, August 9, 1919, and now subject to call. Saw service 
in Picardy Sector, Somme Offensive, August 2 to 6 and August ]6 to 18, 1918; 
St. Mihiel Offensive, September 12 to 16, 1918; and Meuse-Argonne Offensive, 
September 25 to November 6, 1918. 

Lieutenant Colonel JOHN S. WILLIAMS, Class 1904. From Virginia. 
General Staff, General Headquarters, A. E. F. 

At the outbreak of the War he was a Captain in the Coast Artillery 
Corps, U. S. A. He sailed for France, August 14, 1917, in command of 
Battery "G," 6th Provisional Regiment, C. A. C, the first Coast Artillery 
sent overseas. This battery had French 155 m. m. G. P. F. Guns. 

He was promoted to Major, C. A. C, February, 1918, and took command 
of a battalion of the First Provisional Howitzer 8" Regiment, and went 
to the front, April, 1918, with it. After this time, he was on the General 
Staff at General Headquarters, A. E. F., until the end of the War. 

He was promoted Lieutenant Colonel, October, 1918. Returned tc 
United States, February, 1919. 

Lieutenant Colonel Williams was awarded the Cross of Officier, Ordre de 
la Couronne by Albert I, King of the Belgians, "for valuable services in the 
Common Cause." 

He was also cited for "exceptionally meritorious and conspicuous ser- 
vices as a member of the General Headquarters, A. E. F.," by General John J. 
Pershing, Commander-in-Chief. 

Lieutenant Colonel HAMILTON TEMPLETON. Class 1912. From Arkansas. 
18th, 309th,, 30Sth and 15th, F. A., A. E. F. 
Ho was Captain, 5th F. A., and stationed in Texas, when War was 
declared. In June, 1917, he was transferred to 18th F. A. Attended School 
of Fire at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, July, 1917. On duty then at El Paso, Texas, 
for six months, as Battery and Battalion Commander. Left for overseas. 
Advance Detachment, 3rd Division, March 4, 1918. Started forward, July 
18; stopped August 4, when 18th F. A. was relieved and withdrawn Train- 
ing Area duty until September 4. Arrived at position in St. Mihiel Offensive, 
September 8. Left September 15 and arrived at position in Meuse-Argonne 
Offensive, September 24. Stopped, November 10, midnight — in position near 
Murraux. Armistice, November 11, 1918. Transferred to 309th F. A., 78tb 
Division and joined same December 3. Transferred to 308th F. A., same day. 
Moved to Training Area near Dijon and arrived December 11. Training 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 149 

duty until April, 1919. Attended Army Artillery School, Valdahon, Febru- 
ary, 1919. Left Dijon Area April, 1919; arrived Marseilles, April 20. Duty, 
Combat Officers' Replacement Depot, Gondrecourt, April 27-30. Arrived, 
Rommersdorf, Rhineland, Germany, May 7, 1919. Reported to P. A., 2nd 
Division. Left Germany, July 9, 1919. In charge, Detachment Colors, Army 
of Occupation. July 9-23, 1919. Left France, July 24, 1919. Arrived, United 
States, August 4, 1919. 

Stationed Camp Travis, San Antonio, Texas. On July 9, 1918, he was 
promoted Major. On November 9, 1918, he was promoted Lieutenant Colonel 
(to rank from October 26, 1918). 

During the War he was Battery Commander; Regimental Supply Of- 
ficer; Student Officer; Battalion Commander; Second in command of Regi- 
ment; Regimental Commander; Commander, Regimental Echelon; Batta- 
lion Liaison Officer; Division Welfare Officer. 

He saw Service as Regimental Echelon Commander, 18th F. A. at 
Chateau Thierry, and as Commajider of 2nd Battalion, 18th F. A., at St. 
Mihiel, and in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. 

P--^- ■■- ^ 

Lieutenant Colonel HARRY L. JORDAN, Class 1900. From Virginia. 
Inspector General's Department, U. S. A. 
He served with honour and distinction during the War, as follows: 
Major, 42nd Infantry, August 5 to December 23, 1917. Major, Signal Corps, 
Air Service, December 24, 1917 to May 8, 1918. Major, Inspector General's 
Department, May 8 to July 30, 1918. Lieutenant Colonel and Division In- 
spector, 18th Division, July 30, 1918 to February 19, 1919. Afterwards, he 
was a representative of the War Plans Division of the General Staff in the 
District comprising the States of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, 
Georgia and Florida. Under his immediate supervision were placed all the 
Military Schools in th,e District and also all civilian educational institutions 
which had taken up military training, under the Reserve Training Corps. 
Southeastern Department, Charleston, S. C, as late as January, 1920. 

Lieutenant Colonel SAMUEL G. TALBOTT, Class 1899. From Virginia. 
73rd Infantry, A. E. F. 
This officer has been long in the Service, and he made a fine reputation. 
When War came he was a Captain. He rose to become Lieutenant Colonel 
of the 73rd Infantry, A. E. F. 

He went with the Army of Occupation, and was serving, as late as 
June, 1920, as Captain and Adjutant General, A. E. F., in Germany, with 
headquarters at Coblenz. 

Lieutenant Colonel WILLIAM ROBERT NICHOLS, Class 1906, 
"Second Honour" and Cadet Adjutant. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A. (A. E. F.). 
This accomplished and distinguished officer was retained in the Uniterm 
States during the entire War, because of the need of his valuable services in 
the work of placing the Country in a state of defense against Germany. 
His record ig as follows: 



150 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

"Second Distinguished" Graduate and "Jackson-Hope" Medalist, V. M. I., 
Class 1906, and Cadet Adjutant. 1906-1907, Engineer, in association with 
Sydney B. Williamson, Graduate, V. M. I. (and subsequently Colonel, En- 
gineers, A. E. F. World War). 1907-1908, Assistant-Professor, Mathematics, 
V. M. I. 1908-April. 1909, Graduate Student. Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology (Electrical Engineering). Appointed Second Lieutenant, Coast 
Artillery Corps, U. S., April 7, 1909. Appointed First Lieutenant, Coast 
Artillery Corps, March 11, 1911. Appointed Captain, Coast Artillery Corps, 
July 1, 1916. (Above appointments in the Regular Establishment.) Ap- 
pointed Major, Coast Artillery Corps, March 11, 1918. Appointed Lieutenant 
Colonel, Coast Artillery Corps, September 17, 1918. (Emergency Appoint- 
ments.) 

"Honour" Graduate of Coast Artillery School, Fort Monroe, Virginia. 

Following the custom of the War Department of selecting two of the 
five "Honour" Graduates of the Artillery School to pursue advanced study 
in certain famous Technical Institutions, First Lieutenant Nichols was sent, 
in 1915-1916, to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he com- 
pleted, with distinction, the course that had been interrupted by his ap- 
pointment to the Army in April, 1909. 

During the World War he was stationed at Fort Totten, near New York 
City, and had charge of the mining operations in New York Harbour and in 
Long Island Sound. 

After the Armistice, he was sent, with other officers, to Europe to study 
the Campaigns and fields of operations. While there hie was ordered to 
report to the American Embassy in London, where he was placed in charge 
of the stores belonging to the United States Government remaining in 
England. He is still on this duty. 

Lieutenant Colonel JOHN MAGRUDER, Class 1909, "First Honour" 

and Second Cadet Captain. From Virginia. 

Acting Chief of Staff. 4th Corps Artillery, A. E. F. 

Received "Honour" Appointment to Army, immediately after his gradua- 
tion. Went to France in June, 1918, as Adjutant, 20th Field Artillery. 
Became Major and Brigade Adjutant, 5th Field Artillery Birigade, 5th Division, 
latter part of June. Served at the front in this capacity until October 25, 
when he became Acting Chief of Staff, 4th Corps Artillery. On November 
6, 1918. he was ordered to duty in Office of Chief of Artillery, A. E. F., 
where he continued to serve until his return to the U. S. in July, 1919. 

Lieutenant Colonel Magruder's father, Major J. W. Magruder, V. M. I., 
was a brave soldier in the Southern Confederacy. 

Lieutenant Colonel JOHN E. MORT, Class 1904. From Virginia. 

Was Chief of Artillery, Information Service and Counter-Battery Officer, 
Third Corps, A. E. F. 

On Staff of Lieutenant General Robert L. Bullard, from the date of the 
organization of the Corps to the signing of the Armistice. Participated in 
the Aisne-Meuse, Oise-Aisne and Meuse-Argonne Offensives. 

The story of his splendid service in his important position is thus all 
too modestly told by himself. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 151 

Lieutenant Colonel KENNETH S. PERKINS, Class 1905. From Virginia. 
F. A., and Inspector General's Department, U. S. A. 

He served during the War as Major of the 350th F. A., and as Lieu- 
tenant Colonel, Inspector General's Department. 

In 1919, he was detailed as Assistant Professor of Military Science at 
th,e V. M. I., and he is regarded as one of the most efficient and accomplished 
Army Officers ever assigned to the Institute. 

Many of the best Officers in the Army were not sent overseas, because 
their services were required at home, or at our foreign Stations. Lieutenant 
Colonel Perkins is one of that number, and, though he was denied service 
in France, his record at home was most distinguished. 

Lieutenant Colonel BOWYER B. BROWNE, Class 1901. From Virginia. 
Commander of 303rd Engineers, 78th Division, A. E. F. 

Continuously engaged in Engineering work for almost nineteen years. 

Upon completion of the Students' Course with the General Electric Com- 
pany, he took service with that concern for approximately six years, in the 
Construction and Engineering Department. Afterwards, he was engaged 
in Hydro-Electric Engineering in South America, Mexico and on the West 
coast of the United States, and has to his credit the design, construction 
and operation of numerous plants, the result of his study of Hydro-Electric 
problems. 

As soon as his Country declared War with Germany, he tendered his 
services to th© Government. He was commissioned at once a Captain in 
the U. S. Engineers. He was soon promoted to be a Major of Engin'^ers. 
He organized, commanded and carried overseas, the 39th Engineers, and, 
later, commanded the 303d Engineers, the Engineer Regiment of the 78th 
Division, A. B. F. 

He is now (May, 1920) commanding the 318th Engineers at Camp Grant, 
Illinois, at the age of thirty-nine years. 

This record of one who entered the Military Service as late as the 
Spring of 1917, and is retained in the Service with the high rank attained 
during the War, is an attestation to his unusual efficiency and merit, and is 
most complimentary, alike to this brilliant officer and to his beloved 
Alma Mate?. 

Lieutenant Colonel ALLEN KIMBERLY, Class 1906. From Virginia. 

Major, 306th Ammunition Train, Slst Division, A. E. F. 

Promoted to Lt. Colonel. 

I 
Lieutenant Colonel WILLIAM P. CURRIER, Class 1904. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, U S. A. 

Lieutenant Colonel RICHARD S. DODSON. Class 1906. From Virginia. 

Major, 303d F. A., 76th Division, A. E. F. 

Later, Lt. Colonel, Field Artillery and Adjutant General, 9th Corps. 

Others of our V. M. I.'s splendid Lieutenant Colonels might justly be 
specially mentioned here, but space will not allow it. 



152 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Of the long list of Majors, it is regretted that only the following can be 
given hiere, while all acquitted themselves so well. And, first on the list, it 
is a pleasure to name — • 

Major RICE McNUTT YOUEIvL, Class 1914, "'First Captain," Corps of Cadets. 

From Virginia. 
26th Infantry, First Division, A. S. F. (Went overseas as Captain in 

this Division.) 

For the act cited below, he had the distinction of being recommended for 
his Majority by WIREI-ESS, during the Meuse-Argonne battle, and of re- 
ceiving the promotion immediately. 

He was given the further distinction of commanding the Vanguard of 
his Division in its march into Germany. 

He was awarded the "D. S. C," with this Citation from the Command- 
ing General, A. E. F.: 

"Rice McNutt Youell, Major, 26th Infantry. 

"For extraordinary heroism in action, near Verdun, France, October 
1-12, 1918. Taking command of his battalion, after the battalion commander 
had been mortally wounded, he led it with remarkable bravery throughout 
nine days of the hardest fighting, though h,e was himself painfully wounded 
on the first day when he led his command in storming the heights beyond 
the Rau de Gauffre. On October 10, when the Enemy's resistance had been 
broken, and a rapid thrust into the disorganized defenses was necessary, in 
order to enable a unit on the right to advance. Major Youell, with one com- 
pany and no artillery support, pushed forward 2 kilometers, under heavy 
fire, driving back a force of enemy Infantry superior in number to his own, 
and capturing an important Artillery position on Hill 263." 

He was also decorated by the French Government with the "Croix de 
Guerre" and made a "Chevalier of the Legion of Honour," and he re- 
ceived one Corps Citation. 

He was in all four principal Engagements of the American Army. 

[Mr. Edward J. Amory, of Wilmington, Del., wrote the Compiler of these 
records, January 4, 1920, that his martyred son. Lieutenant Thomas D. 
Amory (below) was in Major Youell's regiment, as was also Lieutenant 
Charles Ridgely (a Croix de Guerre man), and that the latter told him of 
being with Youell where the shells were bursting all about thefn, and that 
he crawled into a shell hole, but Youell calmly continued to make observa- " 
tions in the open; and that Ridgely's comment was: "He has nerves of 
iron." Ridgely also told him that while on a march, Youell would call his 
old V. M. I. comrade, and make him ride his horse, while he "stretched his 
legs." Mr. Amory added: "I have, therefore, a warm spot in my heart for 
this Major Youell."] 

Major VICTOR PARKS, JR., Class 1915. From Virginia. 
Air Service, A. E. F. 
Entered the Service as soon as War was declared. Commissioned Cap- 
tain, 16th Infantry. 

Detailed to Air Service. Commanded 16Gth Aero Bombing Squadron. 
American Ace, with eight Enemy Planes brought down, ofiicially to his credit. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 153 

His duty was to attack Enemy Planes, only on the defensive. Highly com- 
mended for gallantry and efficiency as a Flyer by American and French 
Governments. Croix de Guerre and a second decoration awarded him by 
the French Government, with Citation, and three Citations from the 
U. S. Government. 

French Citation as follows: 

"Capitaine Parks (Americaine) a 1' E-M; B. 9: 
"Officer of the first order, very modest and very brave. 
"Marked the measure of his excellent qualities in making all bombard- 
ment raids at low altitude, participating in all Combats with the same good 
humour and willingness." 

"(Signed) Le Capitaine De Lavergne, 
"Commandant le G. B. 9." 

Major Parks had two years and five months' service overseas. He is of 
a very shrinking and retiring disposition, and not even his family has been 
able to get him to speak of his heroic acts which are, fortunately, of oflScial 
record. 

It will not be out of place, we are sure, to insert this extract from a letter 
from Private Harry E. Brown, of Norfolk, to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. D. Brown, of Graydon Park, telling of his beloved commander's gallantry: 

"It is wonderful, the work our captain has done over here, and he has 
been cited for his work. T'he people of Norfolk should know of his work, 
father, for his squadron and pilots were the first to move up into Germany. 

"One incident in particular should be mentioned of one of his flights 
during a heavy bombardment. He was forced to land in a crash, but for- 
tunately not injuring himself. In sixteen minutes after his machine had 
crashed, he was up and over the German lines in another machine. Believe 
me, dearest mother and father, that boy is absolutely afraid of nothing. 
"Who wouldn't bo proud of being under the leadership of such, even if he 
wasn't what he is to me. Maybe he hasn't the notoriety that some of our 
pilots have, but he is known all over France for his excellent work. Father, 
see that this reaches the attention of the people of old Norfolk, that he may 
get a little of the great credit that is due him." 

Major ESTIL V. SMITH, Class 1912. From Kansas 
Infantry, U. S. A. (A. E. F.) 
Stationed in Manila, P. I., until April, 1918. Then Instructor, Officers' 
Training School, Camp Hancock, Georgia, June to October; from that time 
to January 1, 1919, he was Senior Instructor at same School. 

It was a misfortune (as this splendid young officer considered it) that 
he was not permitted to see service at the battle front. But those who knew 
best ordered otherwise. However, he was sent abroad later — to the Army 
of Occupation, and is serving at present (June, 1920) at Honningen, Ger- 
many, with the Interallied Railway Commission. 

He is one of four brothers who served their Country in the World War 
in its Military Establishment with the highest credit. 

He was a Captain when he returned from the Philippines. Shortly 
afterwards, he was promoted to Major on his fine record. He is now on the 
Rhine, not far from Coblenz, where there are eight or ten other gallant 
"V. M. I. boys." They have organized a Chapter of the V. M. I. Alumni 
Association, and, during the recent Commencement Exercises, cabled the 



154 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Superintendent of the V. M. I. that they had all subscribed to the Endowment 
Fund. Their loyalty, like their gallantry, is most commendable. 

Major RUTHERFORD HOUSTON SI'ESSARD, Class 1915, Second Cadet 

Captain. From Virginia. 

58th (Regular) Infantry, A. E. F. 

Volunteered as soon as War was declared and commissioned Captain, 
Infantry, at Fort McPherson, Ga., early in the Summer of 1917. 

Instructor at Fort Oglethorpe Officers' Training School. After training 
one class there he asked for active service in the Regular Army. He was 
at once given a Captaincy and assigned to the 5Sth Infantry, 4th Division. 
Sailed with his Division for France in April, 1918, and was immediately sent 
to the front. 

He took part in the Toul Sector (Defensive), Aisne-Marne (Offensive), 
St. Mihiel (Offensive), and Meuse-Argonne (Offensive). 

He was promoted to Major, August '3, li^lS, at the crossing of the Vesle 
River, when his Major was killed. For his conduct here he was given the 
"D. S. C," and, later, during the Argonne Offensive, he received the French 
"Croix de Guerre." 

He was with the Army of Occupation. 

He returned to the United States, September, 1919, and was honourably 
discharged. 

Citation. 
"Rutherford H. Spessard, Major, 58th Infantry. 

"For extraordinary heroism in action near Ville-Savoy, France, August 
6, and near Bois de Fays, France, October 2, 1918, during the crossing of the 
Vesle River, Major Rutherford H. Spessard (then Captain), when his Bat- 
talion Commander was killed, immediately assumed command of the bat- 
talion, without orders, and led them across the Vesle River, against strongly 
fortified enemy positions, displaying absolute disregard for his personal 
danger. 

"On Oct. 2, in the vicinity of the Bois de Fays, Major Spessard exposed 
himself to intense enemy artillery and machine-gun fire, while making ob- 
servations and directing the movement of his men. 

"He established his battalion headquarters a short distance to the rear 
of his lines, in a position continually subjected to severe Enemy artillery 
fire." 

Major WILLIAM HANSON GILL, Class 1907. From Virginia. 
12th U. S. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, U. S. A., 1912. He was serving in the 
Philippine Islands as 1st Lieutenant, Machine-Gun Company, 8th U. S. In- 
fantry, when War was declared 

He returned to the U. S., September, 1917, as Captain, commanding 
Supply Company, and Regimental Supply Officer, Sth U. S. Infantry. Trans- 
ferred to the 5th Division, as Adjutant, 5th Division Trains, December. 1917. 
Sailed for Bordeaux, France, April, 1918. 

Promoted Major, Infantry, and appointed Division Provost Marshal, 5th 
Division, June, 1918. In Training Area at Bar-Sur-Aube, May, 1918. Recom- 
mended for promotion to Lieutenant Colonel, Infantry, October, 1918. Trans- 
ferred to 6th U. S. Infantry and assigned to command of 1st Battalion, No- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 155 

vember, 1918. Cited for "Distinguished Conduct in action" by Commanding 
General, 5th Division, November, 1918. Participated in the following En- 
gagements (with 5th Division): Arnould Sector (Vosges), Defensive, June 
3- July 15, 1918; St. Die Sector (Vosges), Defensive, July 16-Aug. 23, 1918; 
Frapelle, Offensive, August 17-20, 1918; St. Mihiel, Offensive, September 
12-17, 1918; Argonne-Meuse, Offensive, October 1-November 14, 1918. With 
Army of Occupation, November 15, 1918-July 4. 1919. Attached to Third 
Army Headquarters, Luxemburg City, December, 1918. Garrisoned town 
of Trier, Germany, January and February, 1919. Stationed at Petange, 
Luxemburg, March and April, 1919, Commanding 1st Battalion, 6th U. S. 
Infantry. In charge of Border Guard, between Germany and Luxemburg, 
and guarding German Supplies in Germany, May, June and July, 1919. 
Began move from Germany to Brest, France, commanding 1st Battalion, 
6th U. S. Infantry, July 4, 1919. Sailed for United States, commanding 1st 
Battalion, 6th U. S. Infantry, July 13, 1919. Arrived in New York, com- 
manding 1st Battalion, 6th U. S. Inf., July 22, 1919. Transferred from 6th 
U. S. Infantry, Unassigned, and detailed as Inspector-Instructor, Virginia 
National Guard, July 25, 1919. Appointed Colonel (Temporary), Virginia 
National Guard, and assigned to command 1st Prov. Regiment, Virginia 
National Guard, December 31, 1919. 

Major Gill is a son of a Graduate of the V. M. I. 

Major* GEORGE HOWARD BRETT. Class 1909, Cadet Captain. 

From Ohio. 
Air Service, U. S. A., A. E. F. 

Soon after he was graduated, as one of the alternate "Honour" Ap- 
pointees to the Army from his Class, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant 
in the Philippine Scouts, and served in 1910-11 in Luzon and Jolo, P. I. 
He was transferred to the U. S. Cavalry, and served on the Mexican Border, 
1911-13. He was then transferred to the Aviation Corps, U. S. A., where 
he has served with distinction ever since. From April to October, 1917, he 
was on duty in the Aviation Section of the Signal Corps, U. 3. A., at 
Washington. From October, 1917 to October, 1918, he was on duty in Paris, 
France, as Assistant to the Chief of Material Division, Supply Section, Air 
Service, A. E. F. 

In October and November, 1918, he was Commanding Officer at the Con- 
centration Camp, Codford, England, which terminated his service in the 
A. E. F. in which he had many responsible duties which he performed with 
great credit to himself, and with great satisfaction to his superiors. 

He rose from Captain of Cavalry to Major, Air Service, during the 
War, by his meritorious service. He visited his Alma Mater in his plane 
during the Commencement Exercises of 1920 — the largest plane ever seen 
over Lexington —and received the plaudits of his 400 fellow-Alumni gathered 
there on the interesting occasion, as well as of the hundreds of other visitors 
who witnessed his thrilling evolutions in the air. 

Major DONALD R. McMILLEN, Class 1909. From Wisconsin. 
Commanding Oflicer of 9th Machine-Gun Battalion, 3rd Div., A. E. F. 
At the outbreak of th« War, he was on duty as 1st Lieutenant, 31st 



156 Virginia Militaey Institute — World War Eecord 

Infantry, at Fort William McKinley, Philippine Islands. Promoted to Cap- 
tain of 20th Infantry, and ordered to Fort Douglas, Arizona, in October, 1917. 
Transferred to 38th Infantry, 3rd Division, at Camp Greene, N. C., in Janu- 
ary, 1918. 

Went overseas with the 3rd Division, in March, 1918. Promoted to Major, 
N. A., in June, 1918, and to Commanding Officer of the 9th Machine-Gun 
Battalion, 3rd Division. Commanded this Battalion through the Marne 
Defensive, Marne Offensive, St. Mihiel Offensive, and the Argonne Offensive, 
until November 1, when he was evacuated to the Hospital at Bordeaux, 
after having been twice gassed in action. Two days later, he was operated 
_ on for acute appendicitis. 

He was returned to the United States in the middle of July, 1919, and 
assigned to the 19th U. S. Infantry doing Border duty at Douglas, Arizona. 
He is commanding the 3rd Battalion of this regiment at the present time. 

Major KENNETH S. PURDIE, Class 1912, Third Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A. 
He was a First Lieutenant in the C. A. C. when War was declared. In 
May, 1917, he was ordered to Ft. Amador, Panama Canal Zone, and attached 
to 6-inch and 14-inch gun batteries, in defense of the Panama Canal. From 
August, 1917 to September, 1918, he was Battery Commander, Battery Prince, 
12-inch Mortars, Ft. Amador. Battery Prince attained fourth place of all 
Coast Artillery batteries in the United States and foreign possessions, for 
the year 1917, on the basis of firing records. 

He had many duties while at Ft. Amador, among others, that of Bat- 
talion Commander, Provisional Infantry Battalion; President, Special Court 
Martial; Assistant to Commandant, School for Enlisted Aspirants for Com- 
missions; Assistant Supervisor, Presidential Election, Republic of Panama 
(while the Election was under the supervision of the United States Govern- 
ment) ; in command of Escort of Honour at thee funeral of the President of 
the Republic of Panama. And all who know this superb officer are sure ho 
performed all these duties well. 

In January, 1918, he was promoted to Captain, C. A. C. 

He was relieved from duty at this Station in September, 1918, and ordered 
to duty with the Coast Artillery Training Centre, at Fort Monroe, Virginia 
He was Company and Battalion Commander, Officers' Training Camp, Fort 
Monroe, from October, 1918 to February, 1919. 

In November, 1918, he was commissioned Major, C. A. C. In February, 
1919, he was detailed as Professor of Military Science and Tactics at the 
Virginia Military Institute. From July to August, 1919, he was Assistant 
to the Executive Officer, Reserve Officers' Training Corps Camp, at Fort 
Monroe. Upon his own request, he was relieved from duty at the V. M. I., 
October, 1919, and detailed to organize and instruct a Unit of the Coast 
Artillery Reserve Officers' Training Corps, at the Mississippi A. & M. College, 
which duty he is still performing. 

Major Purdie is another instance of an officer whose services in the 
U. S. were too valuable to allow him to be relinquished for overseas duty. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 157 

Major LOUIS A, FALLIGANT, Class 1909. From Georgia. 

He was a Captain of Cavalry when the War began. On March 26, 1918, 
he reached France, in command of Troop "M," 15th Cavalry. The regiment 
was placed in the S. 0. S., on Remount duty. 

After serving in this capacity until June, 1918, upon his own request 
he was transferred to the 4th Regular Army, Combat Division, joining tnat 
Division at Lizy-sur-Ourcq (40 kilos N. E. of Paris), on July 7, 1918. On 
July 31, he went to the Army School of the Line, at Langres, France, from 
which be was graduated on September 26, and recommended for a Corps 
Instructor. 

He returned to his Division when he was assigned to command the 3rd 
Battalion, 39th TT. S. Infantry. On Dec. 15 (after the Armistice) he took 
the 1st Battalion of this regiment and held it until recalled to Division 
Headquarters as Assistant Division Inspector, in charge of Decorations, 
March 3, 1919. He served in this capacity until October 1, 1919, when he 
was assigned to duty as Camp Transportation Officer. 

He returned to the United States and was ordered to Des Moines, Iowa, 
serving as Chief, Military Police, from October 10 to December 19, 1919. 
He then returned to his station at Camp Dodge to prepare for the Inspection 
of the Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., January 7, 1920. 

He served in the 4th Division in the Aisne-Marne and Meuse-Argonne 
Offensives, and was a member of both the 1st and 2nd Armies, during what 
is termed the Defensive Sector Service, and is entitled to wear three stars 
on his War ribbon. 

He was decorated by the Italian Government with the Order of Dio Saint 
Mauricio et Lazario. 

He has resigned from the Service to be with his family from whom he 
has been separated four years, leaving a record behind him which reflects 
the highest honour on his name, his State and his Alma Mater. 

A brother, also an "Old Cadet" of the V. M. I., Ensign Philip I.-. 
Falligant, of Class 1913, served in the United States Navy, during the War. 

Major JOHN W. HYATT, Class 1900, "Honour" Graduate. From Virginia. 
Staff, 26th Division, A. E. F. 

Sailed for France, September 26, 1917, as Aide to Major General C. R. 
Edwards, Commander of the 26th Division, A. E. F. He served one month 
on the British and French fronts and waa then in Hospital with pneumonia 
for a month. Returned to his Division and went into the line with it, 
February 5, 1918, as Intelligence Officer of the Division ("Yankee"). 
Served continuously with this Division which was in the line from February 
5 to the day of the Armistice, and took part with it in all the big Offensives. 
His assignment was on the Staff of Major General Edwards in various capa- 
cities, during the entire period of his ten months in the line. 

From October 1 to October 27, 1918, he attended the Staff College In 
France. 

He returned to the United States with his Division on November 15, 
1918, and is still on General Edward's Staff, as Morale Officer of the 
Nortii Eastern Department. 



158 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Major Hyatt is one of five brothers, four of whom were distinguished 
at the V. M. I., and who have had remarlcably successful careers since leav- 
ing their Alma Mater. One brother was graduated at the U. S. Naval 
Academy, after leaving the V. M. I., and is now Conomander in the U. S. Navy. 
Their father was a gallant Confederate Soldier. 

Major RICHARD G. LYNB, Class 1916. From Virginia. 

Commander of Battery "B," 1st Battalion, 51st C. A., A. E. F. 

Promoted to Major. 

Received commission as Second Lieutenant, C. A. C, U. S. Army, August 

8, 1917, on the recommendation of the Superintendent of the V. M. I., as one 

of ten "Honour" Graduate Appointees to the Army, that year. 

Promoted to First Lieutenant same date. Ordered to Fort Monroe 
where he was promoted to Captain, C. A., December 29, 1917. 

On December 31, 1917, he was sent to France. After a course at the 
famous Observation School at Tours, and in intensive training at the 
Military Institute at Angers for Heavy Artillery, he was given command ol 
Battery "B," 51st C. A., A. E. F. His tenacity and bravery in getting his 
guns through deep mud into the conquered territory, in spite of constant 
shell fire and a bombardment of mustard gas, won high commendation, and 
soon afterwards he was promoted to the grade of Major. It was on Septem- 
ber 12, 1918, at the battle of St. Mihiel, that he won his wound chevron, 
and that his battery received special mention; and here it is fitting to insert 
this official commendation: 

"Headquarters, Fourth Artillery Corps, 
American Expeditionary Forces, 

France, 3 October, 1918. 
"From Chief of Artillery, 4th Corps, A. E. F. - 

To Commanding Officer, 1st Battalion, 51st Artillery, C. A. C, A. E. F. 
Subject: Action of the 1st Battalion, 51st Artillery, C. A. C, in the battle 
of St. Mihiel, Sept. 12, 1918. 
"1. I wish to express my appreciation of the good work done by the or- 
ganization under your command, during the battle of St. Mihiel, September 
12, 1918. 

"The French Officer commanding the Heavy Artillery of this Corps re- 
ports to me that the battalion was handled by you with exceptional skill, 
and that Battery "B" of the 51st C. A. C. deserves Special Mention for the 
manner in which it pushed its guns forward into the conquered territory, 
in spite of constant shell fire and a bombardment of mustard gas. 

"Wm. Lassitbe, Major Gen'l, U. S. A." 

"W. L./M Copy furnished 

Chief of Art., 1st Army." 

"1092 1st Indorsement. C. G. B./W. M. 

Headquarters, 51sr. Artillery, C. A. C, France, 

7th October, 1918. 

To C. O., 1st Battalion, 51st Artillery, C. A. C. 

"1. Attention is invited to the above. The following remarks were 
made by the C. 0., Heavy Artillery, Right Grouping. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 159 

'Copy transmitted to Colonel Bunker, 
with sincere congratulations. 

(Signed) Berbieb.' 

"2. I have received the above letter with a great deal of pleasure and wish 
to express to you and your command my appreciation of the work. 

C. G. Bunker, 
Colonel, C. A. C, Commanding." 

"393 2nd Indorsement. p. D. B./2 t c 

Headquarters, 1st Battalion, 51st Artillery (C. A. C). 

France 8 October, 1918. 
Copy furnished to each Officer and Organization. 
By order of Lieut. Colonel Niles, 
F. D. Bradbury, 1st Lt., C. A. C, Adjutant." 

On November 2, 1918, Captain Lyne was promoted to Major, and was 
then ordered home as Instructor. 

He was slightly wounded, Sept. 26, 1918. He saw service in the A. E. F. 
for eleven months with the 51st Regiment, Coast Artillery, from December, 
1917 to November, 1918. 

His command was composed of New England Troops. 

He was discharged from the Service, June 1, 1919. 

Major THOMAS TROY HANDY, Class 1914. From Virginia. 
Staff, Major General Menoher, 42nd Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, F. A., U. S. (Regular) Army in 1916. 
Soon after War was declared he was promoted to 1st Lieutenant at Fort 
Bliss, put in command of a battery of 190 men, and sailed for France, July 
29, 1917. with the 42nd Division. He trained at the Field Artillery School 
in France for some time. He was promoted Captain, F. A., November 1, 
1917, and, later, was attached as A. D. C. to the Staff of Major General 
Menoher, 42nd Division. 

He received both the "D. S. C." and th.e "Croix de Guerre" "as he fol- 
lowed assaulting lines of Infantry into front line German trenches, exhibit- 
ing great bravery and coolness." 

Promoted to Major. 

A full report of his service is, unfortunately, not yet at hand, though 
it is well known he was conspicuous for bravery, as well as efficiency. 

[Major Handy is one of five brothers who volunteered as soon as "War 
was declared. The youngest was turned down at Fort Myer (first O. T 
Camp), because of "slight murmur in the heart" (the result, possibly, of 
excessive strain in athletics at College) ; the others all served in the A. E. F. 
Three of his lineal ancestors were officers in the War of the Revolution and 
in 1812; and six of his mother's brothers were Confederate Soldiers, four 
of them officers, and the youngest, a private, killed in battle. The "mili- 
tary spirit," therefore, is his, by right of inheritance, as well as by training.] 

Major LEWIS RANDOLPH BRYAN, JR., Class 1912. From Texas. 
Adjutant, 72nd Infantry Brigade, 36th Division, A. E. F. 
Promoted to Major, Infantry. 
Attended first Officers' Training Camp, Leon Springs, Texas. Com- 



160 Virginia Military Institute — "World War Eecord 

missioned Captain, Infantry, U. S. R., August 15, 1917. Assigned to 40th 
Division, August 29thi, 1917. Served with 5th California Infantry as Ad- 
jutant, at Camp Mason, San Francisco, California. This regiment, later, 
combined with the 2nd California to become the 159th Infantry. Trans- 
ferred, October 23, 1917, to 36th Division. Assistant Chief of Staff, Tl-ain- 
ing Section, until Division went overseas, July, 1918. Assistant "G3," when 
Division went into action in the Champagne, in October, 1918, with the 4th 
French Army. Assigned as Adjutant, 72nd Infantry Brigade, Brigadier 
General John A. Hulen, Commanding, October 17, 1918; promoted to Major, 
Infantry, October 29, 1918. Remained with Headquarters, 72nd Brigade, 
until unit returned to America and was finally demobilized, July 8, 1919. 
Major Bryan is a lawyer, but after his return to his home, at Houston, 
Texas, he was appointed Assistant Cashier of The Lumberman's National 
Bank, of that City. 

Major CHARLES JOSEPH COLLINS, Class 1916. Prom Florida. 
C. A. C, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the regular Service, Coast Artillery 
Corps, U. S. A., Aug. 24, 1917. Promoted 1st Lieutenant, Oct. 19, 1917. 
In Heavy Artillery School, France, January- April, 1918.' Assigned to 44th 
Art., C. A. C. (Howitzer Reg.), and ordered to the front, April 14, 1918. With 
Eighth French Army in campaign of Lorraine Sector, April-July, 1918. 
Commissioned Captain, June 5, 1918. With Fourth French Army in cam- 
paigns about Rheims, July-September, 1918. With, First American Army, 
September-October, 1918 (St. Mihiel, etc.). With Second American Army 
(Metz Sector), October-November, 1918. Commissioned Major, Coast Artil- 
lery, November 2, 1918. November 24, 1918 to February 8, 1919, on duty in 
U. S. From April to September, 1918, Adjutant, 1st Battalion, 44th C. A. G 
September 5 to 20, Battery "A," 44th C. A. C- September 20 to October 28, 
1918, Operations Officer, Fourth Army Corps, Second American Army. Feb- 
ruary 8, 1919, resigned from Army. Fort Stevens, Oregon, until resignation 
accepted. 

Highly commended by all his superiors for exceptional ability and valour. 

Major CHARLES WILSON KOLLOCK, M. D., Class 1877, Cadet Captain. 

From South Carolina. 

Chief Flying Surgeon, Air Service, Kelly Field, U. S. A. 

Major Kollock is one of the most distinguished Specialists in Eye, Bar, 

Throat and Nose Diseases in the South. Ex-President of the Tri-State 

Medical Association of Virginia and the Carolinas, etc., and Authior, and 

for twenty years commander of the famous Charleston Light Dragoons, and 

retired as Major, S. C. National Guard. 

Though past sixty years of age, he tendered his services to the Secre- 
tary of War, upon the declaration of War. 

He was commissioned Captain and soon promoted to Major, and as- 
signed to duty as Chief Flying Surgeon at Kelly Field, South San Antonio, 
Texas, after special training at the Medical Research Laboratory at Mineola, 
Long Island, and at various Flying Fields. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 161 

The Flight Surgeon had entire charge of the Flyers and looked after 
not only their physical, but mental, condition, as well. 

It was shown by the British statistics that only two per cent, of 
fatalities among Flyers were due to the German bullets, and only eight per 
cent, were due to defects in the ships, but that ninety per cent, were caused 
by some defect of condition in the Flyers themselves. 

The number of accidents from the last named cause was very materially 
reduced in the American Air Service, after Flight Surgeons were placed in 
charge of the larger Flying Fields. 

Kelly Field was probably the most important Field. Major Kollock 
had charge of 800 men in training there, and his record in the Service was 
very distinguished. 

He resumed his pre-war occupation after the Armistice, when he was 
discharged from the Service. 

Major O. C LLOYD, Class 1910. From North Carolina. 
A. G. Department, U. S. A. 

Commissioned Captain, Infantry, R. C, November 27, 1917. Ordered 
to active duty as C. O., 32nd Company, Casual Detachment, Camp Gordon, 
December 15, 1917. Later, assigned as Assistant Personnel Adjutant, 82nd 
Division, N. A., Camp Gordon. Assisted in filling and balancing this Division 
for overseas Service. Transferred, March, 1918, to Camp Upton, N. Y., and 
served there as Embarkation Personnel Adjutant until July. Organized em- 
barkation work at that Camp and shipped approximately 80,000 men over- 
seas. July 1, 1918, assigned as Camp Personnel Adjutant, Camp Jackson, 
S. C. Organized the Personnel offices at that Camp, and consolidated the 
functions pertaining to Personnel work in the 156th Depot Brigade and 
the Field Artillery Replacement Depot, filling and balancing the Artillery 
Regiments of the 81st Division, and handled and assigned drafts of some 
60,000 men. 

Promoted to Major, A. G. £)., August 17, 1918. As a member of the 
Conference of eight, called together by the Adjutant General in early Sep- 
tember, hie assisted in working out the standard plan of mobilization, and 
the planning of a standard building for that purpose. September, 1918, 
ordered to Camp Sevier, S. C, as Personnel Adjutant to organize Personnel 
work there. October, 1918, ordered to Camp Greenleaf, and Camp Forrest, 
Ga., to supervise the organization of Personnel Systems in these Camps. 
November, 1918, worked out a system for demobilization at Camp Sevier. 
December, 1918, ordered to Washington as Traveling Supervisor of Demobili- 
zation for the Camps of the East, South and Middle West; assisted in work 
ing out the general scheme of demobilization. 

Discharged, March, 1919, to accept position as Chief of Personnel Bureau, 
War Risk Insurance, Washington. 

Commissioned Major, Adjutant General, U. S. Reserve Corps, upon his 
discharge. 

Major O. M. BADDINGER, "Honour Graduate" and "First Captain," 
Class 1910. From Virginia. 
Infantry, Regular Army, U. S. A., Detailed to Air Service. 
When War came he v;as a First Lieutenant of Infantry, stationed at 



162 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Fort McDowell, California. June 4, 1917, Assistant Post Adjutant, C. O. 
of the 28th Recruit Co., Casual Officer, Signal Officer, Officer in charge of 
Record Division. Promoted to Captain, Regular Army, May 15, 1917. Trans- 
ferred and detailed to Signal Corps, May 1, 1918. Promoted to Temporary 
Major, and transferred to Post Field, Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, June 4, 1918. 
School Director, Acting C. O. Transferred as Major, Air Service, July, 

1918, and rated as Flying Officer, September, 1918. Transferred to Wash- 
ington, March 13, 1919, Chief, Observation Section. Officer in charge of all 
"Liberty Loan" Flights. Detailed as Assistant Chief of Training and Acting 
Chief of Training, Air Service. Placed in command of All-American Path- 
finders Squadron, flying from Coast to Coast, August 13 to Oct. 25, 1919. 
This Unit was demobilized Oct. 26, 1919. 

Ordered to command of Taylor Field, Montgomery, Ala., October 28, 

1919, where he was still stationed, April 1, 1920. 

Major RICHARD B. DUNBAR, Class 1908. From Kentucky. 
111th Engineers, A. E. F. 
Mexican Border Service as 1st Lieutenant, Engineers, Texas National 
Guard, July 27, 1916-March 21, 1917. Called into State Service, May 2, 1917. 
Staff duty, assisting and raising the National Guard of Texas to war strength. 
Promoted Captain of Engineers, June 4, 1917. Appeared before regular Army 
Examination Board for promotion, July 15, 1917. Promoted Major, En- 
gineers. Commission dated June 4, 1917. Mustered into Federal Service, 
August 5, 1917. Commanding 1st Battalion, 111th Engineers. Trained at 
Camp Bowie, Texas. Sailed for France, July 7, 1918. The 111th Engineers, 
upon arriving in France, was assigned as 1st Corps Engineers, and par- 
ticipated in the St. Mihiel and Meuse Offensives, fromi beginning to end. 
He was not injured, except by being slightly gassed in action. Returned to 
U. S., June 1, 1919. Mustered out of Federal Service at Camp Bowie, Texas, 
and received his honourable discharge, Jiuie 18, 1919. 

Major JOHN NASH, Class 1906. From Virginia. 
2nd Battalion, 313th Field Artillery, 80th Division, A. E. F. 
Graduated from the first Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer, Virginia, 
August 14, 1917, as Captain of Field Artillery. Assigned to 313th Field 
Artillery, 80th Division, and joined it at Camp Lee the day it was or- 
ganized, August 27, 1917. He served with this regiment throughout the 
War, and until it was mustered out at Camp Lee, the first part of June, 
1919. He took the War course at the School of Fire for Field Artillery, at 
Fort Sill, graduating, May 17, 1918. He sailed with his regiment for France, 
May 26, 1918. On August 16, 1918, he was promoted to Major, and he com- 
manded the 2nd Battalion during the remainder of its existence. His regi- 
ment went to the front on August 14, 1918, as reserve for the St. Mihiel 
Offensive, and it was in action throughout the entire Meuse-Argonne Offen- 
sive, from September 26 to November 11. Previously to his promotion to 
Major he had served most of the time as Adjutant of the 2nd Battalion. 
The regiment returned from France, May 27, 1919. After it was mustered 
out. Major Nash was ordered to temporary duty in the War Department, 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 163 

Washington, and when his worlc there was completed, he was discharged 
from the Service, August 25, 1919. 

Captain John Paul. Class. 1903, was the Adjutant of this regiment. 
A history of the 313th Regiment, Field Artillery, A. E. F., has been pub- 
lished, the work mainly of Lieutenant Thomas I. Crowell, of New Jersey; 
though others, including the two superb V. M. I. officers named herein, 
contributed to the interesting and valuable publication. Since his return 
home. Major Nash has resumed his profession of Journalism, with residence 
at No. 5 Manteo Apartments, Norfolk, Virginia. 

Major DANIEL GORDON MORRISSETT, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
Cavalry, U. S. A., and Ammunition Train, 1st Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Cavalry, U. S. A., Oct. 4, 1913, and as- 
signed to the 12th Cavalry. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, July 11, 1916. 
Promoted to Captain, May 15, 1917. Was serving at Columbus, N. M., and 
vicinity, in the Mexican Punitive Expedition, when War was declared. 

July, 1917, ordered to France with the First Division Ammunition Train 
(Horsed Battalion). Served in A. E. F., Ammunition Train, until June, 
1918. With Headquarters Trains and Military Police, First Division, and 
with First Division Headquarters, from June until October 2, 1918. On 
the latter date he was severely wounded in the Meuse-Argonne Driva 
Promoted to Major of Cavalry, June 26, 1918. 

In the following actions in France: Picardy, Montdidier, Cantigny 
(Spring, 1918), Soissons (July, 1918), Toul Sector (August, 1918), St. Mihlel 
(September, 1918), Meuse-Argonne (September-October, 1918). 

Returned to U. S., December 31, 1918, wounded; on Sick Report until 
latter part of February, 1919, when, having become fit for duty, was ordered 
to Fort Sam Houston, Texas, as Instructor in Cavalry School. School dis- 
continued in May, 1919, and he was ordered as Instructor and Professor, 
Military Science and Tactics, to Southwestern Presbyterian University, 
Clarksville, Tenn., May, 1919. Remained on College duty until November 
30, 1919, when he was assigned to the 16thi Cavalry, at Brownsville, Texas. 

Reverted to his pre-war rank, June 15, 1919. 

Major EDWARD HAMMOND JOHNSON, Class 1904, Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 

Major, 328th Infantry, 82nd Division, A. E. F. 

Died in the Service at Cochem, Germany. 

"Trained at Camp Gordon, Georgia, with 328th Infantry and sailed for 
France in April, 1918. Promoted to Major. He participated in several en- 
gagements and acquitted himself well. He was wounded at , in 

the closing days of the War, but soon recovered and returned to his com- 
mand. He was transferred, after the Armistice, to the 112th Infantry, 28th 
Division, and was stationed at a place called Cochem, District Hinter 
Kenyscln, Germany, and was Major and Recreation Officer, Headquarters, 
Fourth Army Corps, Office of G-1. 

He died. May 17, 1919, under the following circumstances, as related by 
First Lieutenant Geiger (his old V. M. I. comrade). Chaplain, 51st U. S. 
Infantry, who happened' to be in Cochem on the day of his death: 



164 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eeoord 

, "He, had been feeling bad for several days — complaining of frequent 
dizziness," wrote Lieutenant Geiger, "though his condition was in no sense 
considered serious. In fact, he seemed to be suffering merely with an upset 
stomach, and was still going about and attending to his duties. He came in, 
on the evening of the 17th of May, stood around and talked, and then went 
to his room. The next heard from him was as follows: Someone noticed 
water running through the floor of the bathroom and went up to see what 
the trouble was, and, after getting into the bathroom, discovered Major 
Johnson in the tub dead, and the water still running. An autopsy was 
performed at Field Hospital No. 301, and it was discovered that death had 
been caused by cerebral hemorrhage. Evidently, he had started to take a 
bath, had turned the water on, and had gotten into the tub, when he dropped 
dead. There was no evidence whatever of either foul play or self-destruc- 
tion, as the autopsy showed very plainly the cause of death, which was 
apoplexy, or cerebral hemorrhage. 

Hammond seemed very popular at Fourth Army Corps Headquarters, 
and with all who knew him. Please excuse this hurried note, but I know 
you wish the enclosed copy of 'Memorandum,' so will hurry it on." 

It was most providential that this beloved old comrade was in Cochem 
that day. He had been ordered to return home soon, and had been given 
leave to visit a number of German towns before departing, as he had 
laboured hard for nearly two years — always at the front in all engagements 
of his regiment and he was entitled to a rest; and so his Commanding Officer 
gladly gave him leave. He performed the Episcopal burial service over his 
departed friend; and all who know this earnest servant of God and his 
loyalty to his Alma Mater and his V. M. I. comrades will realize that the 
service was feelingly performed. He sent the following "Memorandum," 
and prefaced it with this certification: "The following is a true copy by 
Chaplain Henry J. Geiger, 51st Infantry, Camp Grant, Illinois." (He 
brought the original from Germany for Johnson's brother. Captain Branch 
Johnson (V. M. I.), a copy having been sent from Germany by him to his 

widow and children) : 

"Headquarters, 4th Army Corps, 
American Expeditionary Forces, 

May 18, 1919. 
"Memorandum: 

To Chiefs of Staff Sections and Services, 

Commanding Officers, Hqs. Troop, and M. P. Co.: 

1. The funeral of Major E. Hammond Johnson, Infantry, will take 
place at 10 A. M., Monday, May 19, 1919, from Field Hospital No. 301. 

2. All Officers, duty permitting, are directed to attend. 

3. Headquarters Troop and Detachment and the 4th Corps Military Police 
Company will be reported to Major Raymond, at Hospital, at 9:45 A. M. 

4. Headquarters Troop, 4th Corps, will furnish firing squad of 16 men. 

5. The following named Officers are requested to attend as Pallbearers: 
Major Herbert S. Struble, Major Harrison C. Browne, Major Richard P. Kuhn, 
Major William E. Thurston, Major Jack Smith,, Major Burt English. 

By command of 

Major General Summerall, 

E. A. RoBBiNS, Jr., 
Adjutant General." 
"Headquarters, 4th Army Corps. 
(Official.) 

"j^ote The above 'Memorandum' was issued from Headquarters, 4th 

Armv Corps then located in Cochem, on the Moselle River, Germany. 
■^ ' Henry J. Gejges." 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 165 

Major John Barnes, of Cedar Falls, Iowa, a teacher in the State Col- 
lege, was at that time Welfare Secretary of the Y. M. G. A. at Cochem, and 
knew Major Johnson well. He had left the morning of May 17, to be gone 
a week on business, and did not know of Johnson's death until he returned 
on the 23, when he heard from Major Raymond of G. I., the particulars of 
his death, as Lieutenant Geiger related them, except he said he was dis- 
covered in the bathroom of the Hotel about 4:30 P. M. He wrote at once to 
Mrs. Johnson, at Athens, Ga. 

Major Johnson was a Graduate of both the V. M. I. and the University 
of Virginia. While at College he was one of the most renowned Foot-Ball 
men in the United States, and was known far and wide as an athlete, and 
was very popular. 

Major HARRY INNES THORNTON CRESWBLL, Class 1913. 
From California. 
Infantry, A. E. F. 
Passed examinations in August, 1916, for a commission in the Regular 
Army. Commissioned, 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, U. S. A. Soon promoted 
1st Lieutenant, and went to the Mexican Border, and served there until the 
first troops went to France, when he went with them. 

His record in the A. E. F. is very fine. In May, 1918, he was promoted 
Major, Infantry. 

A high> (V. M. I.) Officer on the General Staff, A. E. F., wrote: 
"At the capture of Cantigny, May 28, 1918, one battalion of Infantry had 
to reinforce the line with some companies in broad daylight, under a terrific 
bombardment of very heavy artillery and a deadly machine-gun fire. It also, 
had to send companies, formed under similar conditions, and during a 
counter-attack, to carry ammunition. Its Commander, fearing some dif- 
ficulty about direction, or delay, due to the violent hostile fire, personally led 
these companies, formed them, and saw them properly placed. This was 
Creswell, of Class 1913. He had been recently promoted Major for previous 
good work, and was also commended for personally directing the work of 
digging Jumping-off trenches, during the two nights before the attack, when 
the hostile artillery was very active. The Machine-Gun Company in Cres- 
well's battalion was commanded by Cammer of 1915, who is making a fine 
record, and the First Engineers in this fight was commanded by Horace 
Smith, of 1915." 

[The Cantigny Campaign might, like the Chancellorsville Victory, not 
Inaptly, be called the work of the V. M. I., seeing that the Campaign was 
planned by Colonel George C. Marshall, Jr., V. M. I., and largely executed 
by V. M. I. officers. The three named (and there were others there) had 
no superiors In the Army for gallantry and efficiency.] 

Creswell was wounded, July 30, 1918. He continues in the*Service. 

Major EDGAR M. WHITING, Class 1904. From Virginia. 
Commanding 2d Battalion, 77th F. A., A. E. F. 
Transferred as Captain from 4th Cavalry to 19th Cavalry, May 29, 1917. 
Assigned to command Troops "G" and "H" (Battery "D"). Regiment con- 
verted from 19th Cavalry to 77th Field Artillery, November 1, 1917. Pro- 
moted Major, November 19, 1917, to rank from August 5, and assigned to 
command 2nd Battalion, 77th Field Artillery. Sailed from New York, May 



166 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

19, 1918, landing at Liverpool, May 30, and at Havre, June 6, 1918. Arrived 
Chateau Thierry, August 2, 1918, the regiment being a part of the 4th Field 
Artillery Brigade, 4th Division. Severely wounded, August 7, 1918, between 
Fere^en-Tardenois and Marenil-en-Dale, while commanding the 2nd Bat- 
talion, 77th Field Artillery, In the action against the Germans on the Vesle 
River. [He was moving up to his position when he was hit by five fragments 
of a 22-shell, and it was the first shell fired by the Enemy in the action. 
All the outside of his right thigh was torn away and the upper third of the 
femur was broken, and the sciatic nerve damaged. He spent six months on 
his back, unable to move, and another like period learning to walk again. 
But it is most gratifying to know he is able to do full duty again.] 

On his return to duty, November 18, 1919, he was assigned to com- 
mand the 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry, and is now stationed at Camp Harry J. 
Jones, Douglas, Arizona (June, 1920). 

In the scarcity of Surgeons, while he was convalescing, a brother "Old 
Cadet" of the V. M. I., himself a convalescent, 1st Lieutenant George Tayloe 
Blackford, of Virginia, dressed his wounds, and Major Whiting said he did 
It very skilfully, too. 

Major Whiting is a son of an Alumnus of the V. M. I. and a brother 
of Colonel G. W. C. Whiting, U. S. A., A. E. F., Graduate of Class 1906 (above). 

Major WALTER C. SMITH, Class 1909. From West Virginia. 
319th Infantry, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Captain, 319th, Infantry, 80th Division, at Camp Lee, 
Virginia, August 27, 1917. Promoted to rank of Major, October 22, 1918. 
With British In Artois Sector, from May to July, 1918. In reserve at St. 
Mihiel drive. In Argonne drive, September 26 to November 8, 1918. 
Knocked unconscious by exploding shell, but not evacuated from the field. 
Mustered out of Service at Camp Dlx, June 11, 1919, as Major, 0. R. C. 

His brother, Sidney C. Smith, of Class 1914, is likewise a Graduate of 
the V. M. I. and rose to be Major of Infantry in the Service, but was kept 
on duty at Camp Lee, throughout the War. They both made fine records. 

Major WILLIAM H. BECKNER, Class 1907, Second Cadet Captain. 

BYom Kentucky. 

Brigade Adjutant, 55th F. A. Brigade, 30th Division, A. E. F. 

He went into Service with the Second Tennessee Infantry, July 25, 1917, 
as a First Lieutenant. Was immediately promoted to Captain and trans- 
ferred to 115th Field Artillery. Served with this organization until it sailed 
for France In April, 1918. Was made a Major in July, 1918, and served 
with the 415th Field Artillery until September, 1918, when he was trans- 
ferred to the Headquarters of the 55th Field Artillery Brigade and made 
Brigade Adjutant. The 115th Field Artillery and 55th Field Artillery were 
part of the 30th Division. In January, 1919, he was transferred to the 10th 
Field Artillery, 3rd Division, with which he served until his return to the 
States in July, 1919. 

This modest report fails to tell of the actions this accomplished officer 
gallantly participated in, with the 30th Division. His successive promotions 
prove his claim to distinction, however. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 167 

Major Beckner has returned to his pre-war occupation — Lumber Busi- 
ness, Galax, Virginia. 

Major RANDOLPH TUCKER PENDLETON, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
1st Battalion, Trench Artillery, 1st Army Corps, A. E. F. 
This accomplished Officer was a Captain of Coast Artillery, when the 
War began. He was promoted Major for gallantry. July 30, 1918. From 
June, 1917 to February, 1918, he was an Instructor in the C. A. C, at Fort 
Monroe, Virginia. From February to August, 1918, he commanded Battery 
"A," 2nd Battalion, Trench Artillery. From September, 1918 to March 
1918, he commanded the 1st Battalion, Trench Artillery, 1st Corps, A. E. F., 
and participated in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives. 

His father, the late E. Morgan Pendleton, was a Graduate of the V. M. I., 
Class 1877, and his distinguished grandfather. Colonel Edmund Pendleton, 
C. S. A., was a Graduate of the first Class to leave the V. M. I., in 1842. 

Major LEE S. GEROW, Class 1913. From Virginia. 
36th Infantry, 12th Division, U. S. A. (A. E. F.) 

Later, he assisted in training the 95th Division. Still later, he was at- 
tached to the Finance Department, Washington, and placed in charge of 
Soldiers' "Bonus" Payments. 

This fine officer served with great distinction during the War, although 
he was denied the gratification of going overseas, until very recently. His 
Service Record is as follows: Commissioned in Regular Army, November 30, 
1916, after competitive examinations. Was assigned to the 36th U. S. In- 
fantry, at Del Rio, Texas, and was on Border duty for a period of about 
three months. Promoted to First Lieutenant, dating from entry into Service, 
November 30, 1916. Went with 36th Infantry as First Lieutenant, Com- 
pany "G" to Fort Snelling, Minnesota. Promoted to Captain, July 26, 1917. 
Moved with his regiment to Camp Devens, Mass., in August, 1918, the 36th 
Infantry then becoming a part of the 12th Division. Was promoted to 
Major, September 26, 1918, and transferred to Camp Sherman, Ohio, to 
assist in the training of a new Division being formed there — the 95th. After 
the Armistice, this organization was demobilized, and he was called to Wash- 
ington to the Finance Department, in January, 1919. He was placed in 
charge of the payment of the "Bonus" granted by Congress to all honour- 
ably discharged soldiers who had served between April 6, 1917 and Novem- 
ber 11, 1918, in the World War. There were approximately one and one-half 
million claims to be paid by his office; these claims were paid at the rate of 
forty thousand a day, the entire million and a half being cleared up in 
approximately two months.. He continued on duty in the Finance Depart- 
ment, until the Spring of 1920, when he was sent overseas, and Is now 
(June, 1920) Commanding Officer, Visitors' Bureau, with the A. E. F. in 
Germany. 

His elder brother, Lieutenant Colonel Leonard T. Gerow, Graduate of 
Class 1910, served with distinction in' the A. E. F. (See above.) 

Major FREDERICK STUART GREENE, Class 1890. From Kentucky. 
First Battalion, 302nd Engineers, 77th Division, A. E. F. 
This rank is given this gallant officer because it belongs to him as of 



168 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

right, though by some curious mishap, his commission, carrying promotion 
from Captain to Major, was by error given to another of the same, or similar, 
name, and, due to excessive "red tape," the error was not corrected before 
the end came. 

This Graduate comes of fighting stock. His father was Major of the 
17th Alabama Infantry, C. S. A. (Later, becoming First Assistant Secre- 
tary of the Confederate States Treasury). And his maternal grandfather 
was the gallant Colonel of the First Virginia Infantry, C. S. A., Frederick G. 
Skinner, of Virginia, formerly a Cadet at the U. S. Military Academy; later, 
an Attache at the Court of Louis Philipe; and, after the War, until his 
lamented death, a distinguished citizen of New York and Virginia. As the 
chronicle states, this grandfather of the subject of this special notice was 
in mid-ocean when he was born. (He intended to be born in Virginia, at 
the old family homestead; but, by some mischance, he first saw the light in 
the little State of New Jersey). Colonel Skinner was returning from, Egypt 
where he had just refused a General's commission in the Khedive's New 
Army. When he saw his grandson, he is said to have turned to his mother 
with the remark: "By Jove, my dear, that boy will be a fighter, if you'll 
bring him up properly.'" And the prediction was literally fulfilled — Greene 
did become a fighter in the great War through which the World has just 
passed. He was an Engineer of prominence in New York when the War 
came, and was one of the first to volunteer, though he was a man of family, 
and past the military age. He went to the first Plattsburg Officers' Training 
Camp, in April, 1917, and was commissioned Captain, and assigned to the 
command of Company "B," 302nd Engineers, at Camp Upton. 

Later, he went overseas with the 77th Division, his being the only 
combat Engineer Regiment in the Division. 

In a letter, dated May 15, 1918, from "Somewhere in France," he hur- 
riedly wrote as follows: 

"I thought it proper to write you on 'New Market Day,' I am at the 
front, on a tour of observation, living in a dugout, and going through all 
that an Engineer Officer must. Outside, shells are tearing by overhead at 
thirty-second intervals, aero planes are whirling high in the sky, machine- 
guns are popping merrily away, and every other sound of modern warfare 
is about me. Last night, I visited our extreme outposts, being within 
thirty yards of the Boche line. I ha,ve been caught in one small straffe, 
and had to run for it; two whiz-bangs have exploded within twenty yards 
of me, and machine-gun bullets have zipped by my head; so, you see, I have 
enjoyed about all the luxuries of War. 

"I just write to say that you and Mrs. are in my thoughts, and 

that when I come back, I'll run down to dear old V. M. I. and, if you will let 
me, I'll tell the boys some first-hand War stuff,' and I promise not to lie 
too hugely." 

The record of this officer was fine, as was that of his whole Division. 
He led the attack on the Aire, in command of the Second Battalion of the 
302nd Engineers. And as part of the reward for his accomplishment (as 
outlined by the Correspondent of the l^^ew York Evening Sun) his promotion 
to a Major followed, on the recommendation of General Pershing. Accord- 
ing to this Correspondent, Major Greene led his men to the Aire, as to the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 169 

Vesle at Cherieres. There, again, in face of a heavy machine-gun fire, they 
built bridges quickly and perfectly. The Americans stormed Grand Pre 
over bridges built by Greene's men. Major Greene's own graphic account is 
thrilling: "For four nights," he said, "we have had no clothes off, not even 
shoes or puttees, and all the sleep we got could be tucked away in a thimble. 
When we go forward, everything depends on the Engineers, especially If 
there is a river nearby. First, footbridges for the Infantry must be there 
from the start, then there are the light artillery bridges, and they must go 
up quickly, in order to let the 75s pass on a gallop. Finally, there must be 
the heavy bridges for the big guns and the trucks. The responsibility is 
tremendous. Everything depends on speed — speed and strength, but we got 
away with the job in fine style. One light artillery bridge was opened for the 
first gun just one half hour after the work begun, and, ye gods, the stream of 
trafiic that stormed across! The heavy bridges, of course, took longer, but 
they were ready on schedule time." 

In its edition of February 6, 1919, The New York Evening Sun said: 

"The story of the valour of the 77th Division in France has been told, 
time and time again, but the work of the Engineers of the Division has re- 
ceived only brief notice. Capt. Fred S. Greene, acting Major in command 
of the First Battalion of the 302nd Engineers, recently returned to this coun- 
try, told to-day the story of how the New York road builders performed 
their work, often in the face of the most terrific fire that the Germans 
could turn on them. 

"Captain Greene, a well-known clubman in this City, went overseas with 
the Seventy-seventh Division, and put in nearly a year of constant fight- 
ing along the Vesle and in the Argonne. At one stretch., his regiment was 
fighting, or hiking, for 153 days, without rest or relief. There was not a 
phase of the Hun's hell he and his gallant command did not endure. They 
were in the fighting when the Armistice was signed. 

"The 302nd Engineers built the bridges over the- Vesle and repaired the 
roads for the French camions. They strung the wire and made many a 
foray into 'No Man's Land' to cut down the mazes of wire the Huns had 
strung to retard the progress of the French and American armies. Out of 
the baptism of fire and gas the Seventy-seventh Division emerged with a deep- 
rooted love and regard for the glorious French fighters, who proved that a 
people known as volatile, temperamental and emotional were capable of 
prodigies. * * *. 

" 'The Seventy-seventh Division was the first to fight. After we landed 
in France the British forces and their Portuguese allies failed to hold their 
sector in Flanders. Nothing could save the Channel ports but a miracle. 
That miracle took definite form in the Seventy-seventh Division and a part 
of the Twenty-seventh Division. We sailed into Fritzie, stopped his advance, 
and saved the Channel. * * * 

" 'The French hurled Division after Division of Reserves into the lines, 
and all the efforts of the Germans to oust them failed. French artillery 
blocked the road as the guns came up in streams. The Hun horde concen- 
trated for a final attack, and our positions were subjected to a thirty-six- 
hour straffing that smashed them to smithereens. 

" 'From that time on to the end of the fighting we were in it con- 
stantly. When not engaged in the first line, we were hiking about to land in 
new positions. No one who has not been in the fight with the Huns in the 
Argonne can begin to imagine the horrors of fighting there. * * * 

" 'During the last phase of our advance in the Argonne we went fifty 
kilos in nine days. We outran artillery and rations, but we captured a 
German provision station and for three days lived on German grub. It 
was good, too. It was in this advance that the boys showed the stuff of 



170 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

which they were made. They endured everything with, a smile, and re- 
turned for more. I've seen chaps fall asleep on their feet during a halt 
in a march, but rouse up and carry on when ordered to proceed. The dirt 
and other conditions made life unbearable, and I've seen boys discard their 
underwear to rid themselves of pests. In November ice was forming on the 
ponds, and you may form some idea of what they suffered. But through it 
all, you had only to say, 'Let's go,' and the boys were off again. 

" 'Our Engineers were in the thickest of the fighting,' said Capt. Greene. 
'We built the roads along the Vesle, we built the bridges, we dug trenches 
In odd moments we fought in the trenches. I remember once we were 
building a bridge over the Vesle. A French Captain came up. He said 
nothing to us, but when we put the second section of the bridge in position 
he rode away. Just as we had the bridge finished, he came up at the head 
of a motor lorry company, and the transports rushed over the bridge. 
Not a minute was lost; not a word was spoken. 

" 'We built that bridge with captured Boche material, and it aided us 
greatly in driving them back. We captured many smaller guns, and in the 
advance through, the Argonne we took forty-nine big guns. 

" 'One of the feats we accomplished was when we were taken out of 
the Vesle sector. After an all-night march we were rushed into motor lorries 
and driven 101 miles overnight. We were put in fighting positions early in 
the morning and went right to the work of fighting. 

" 'Major Gen. Alexander cited the Division for its work. He was 
Justly proud of the work of the men in his command. The following Order 
issued by him tells his opinion of us better than I could begin to tell it: 

"1. The completion of the march of the Division from the Argonne to 
the new area where we are to be stationed marks the conclusion of one 
phase of our service in France. Since the undersigned assumed command 
of this Division the services of the Division appear to have met the wishes 
of responsible higher authority to an eminently satisfactory degree. The 
Division has at all times demonstrated that aggressive spirit from which 
alone success in war can be expected. It has at all times succeeded in reach- 
ing the objectives set for' it, and the advance made by the Division, the 
enemy material captured, and the rate of advance in time and distance are 
comparable with the records set by the best of our American Divisions. 

"2. While the front line is, of course, occupied by the Infantry, and 
while consequently upon the Infantry has fallen, as always, the bulk of the 
losses which have paid for this record, the Division Commander feels that it 
should be recognized that any success we have obtained has been due to the 
united efforts of all. The Artillery and Machine-Gun units, the Engineers 
and the Signal Corps and the administrative services are all entitled, and 
are asked, to receive herewith, the thanks of the Division Commander for 
the work done and the harmonious effort which, without exception, all have 
made. 

"3. The memories of our services together here in France— memories 
which will be re-awakened by the names Bazoches, Fismes, Chateau aux 
Diable Villters en Prayares, Vesle and the Aisne, the Forest d'Argonne, 
Grand Pre, Ayre, Raucourt, Autrecourt and the Meuse— will always awaken 
recollections which I am sure every one of my command of this Division 
will cherish as the brightest of his life. We have met the Enemy on all 
these fields; we have on each of them displayed the aggressive spirit, and 
the spirit of self-sacrifice, which bring success in war. Many of our original 
number have made the supreme sacrifice of all, and now rest unforgotten 
in the soil of France. 

"4 The Division Commander has already transmitted to the Division 
the thanks of our superior commanders of the Corps, the Army and the 
American Expeditionary Forces. He farther feels that this expression on 
his own part is, under the circumstances, entirely Justified. No one knows 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 171 

better, or perhaps as well, as the Division Commander the magnitude of 
the obstacles encountered and overcome. 

"5. Furthermore, the Division Commander has confidence that tho 
memory of our past service and the realization of the record made thereby 
will be the greatest inspiration and incentive to the troops of this Division 
to show that they are indeed good Americans and good soldiers. 

"6. The Division Commander thanks the Division for its hearty support 
and feels the fullest confidence that this support will be as freely given in 
the future as it has been in the past. 

Robert Alexander, 
Major-General Commanding." 

This Order Is given here in its entirety because it eloquently tells of the 
work accomplished by this heroic Division of Which Major Greene's En- 
gineers formed an important unit. 

While Major Greene was overseas, his patriotic little wife gave all her 
time in work for the Red Cross, as Organization Manager, and to the 
families of the men of her husband's old Company. "The mothers and 
fathers of the boys of Company B, which my husband commanded before 
his promotion, meet every two or three weeks," she said. "We read over 
the letters and cables which have been printed in the papers, telling of the 
work of the men from New York." 

Upon his return home and discharge from the Service, Major Greene was 
honoured by the Governor of New York with, the appointment of State Com- 
missioner of Highways. 

Major HARDING POLK, Class 1907. From Texas. 
Alumnus of V. M. I. and Graduate, U. S. M. A., Class 1910. 
Major, Cavalry, General Staff Officer, 5th and 92nd Divisions, A. E. F. 
Before the European War he saw service in the United States, Philip- 
pines, Sulu Campaign, on the Mexican Border and with the Mexican Punitive 
Expedition. 

Service in U. S. Army in World War: With line troops, as Instructor 
at two Ofl^cers' Training Camps. Staff Ofl3-cer with 5th Division, 92nd 
Division and 17th Division. Served as General Stalf Officer in battles of 
American Army in France, with the 5th Division and 92nd Division, in 1918. 
Grandnephew of Lieutenant General (Bishop) Leonidas Polk, C. S. A., 
who was killed in action. 

Major H. H. PARSONS, Class 1906. From Montana. 
Medical Corps, A. E. F. 
Entered Service as First Lieutenant, Medical Corps, September 22, 1917. 
Trained at Camp Grant and Fort Riley. With Evacuation Hospital No. 7. 
In France, May 23 to December 8, 1918. Then to Prum, Germany, with 
Army of Occupation, until April, 1919. In all Engagements from June 10 
till Armistice. 

Promoted Major, M. R. C. 

Discharged at Camp Devens, Mass., May 3, 1919. 

Major ROBERT ISHAM RANDOLPH, Class 1903. From Illinois. 
U. S. Engineers — attached to Second Army, A. E. F. 
Commissioned Captain. Engineers, R. C, June 5, 1917. Ordered to active 



172 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

duty as Student at Engineers R. O. Training Camp at Fort Leavenworth, 
September 2, 1917. December 1, 1917, commanding Recruit Detachment, 
23rd Engineers, Camp Meade, Md. December 17, 1917, commissioned Major, 
Engineers, U. S. A. January 10, 1918, assigned to duty as Assistant In- 
structor, E. R. O. T. C, Camp Lee, Va. May 10, 1918, in command of 535th 
Engineers, Camp Lee, Virginia. August 5, 1918, embarked, Overseas Service. 
Attached to Second Army, on Standard Gauge Railroad Construction, in the 
St. Mihiel Sectfir. 

April 29, 1919, honourably discharged. 

This "Old Cadet," son of one of the most famous Engineers in the 
World, and an Engineer himself of prominence, gave up his profession at 
the Call to Arms, and served gallantly overseas. 

Major JOHN STUART HARRISON, Class 1913. From West Virginia. 

Commanding 350th Machine-Gun Battalion, 92nd Division, A. E. F. 

He was living in Louisiana, at. time War was declared. April 1, 1917, 
First Lieutenant, Louisiana National Guard. April 8, 1917, Captain, Loui- 
siana National Guard. April 12 to July 31, guard duty. New Orleans Docks. 
August to November, 1917, commanded Company "H," 156th Infantry. In 
November, Company "H" became Companies "A" and "B," 142nd Machine- 
Gun Battalion. July 3, 1918, commissioned Major of Infantry, and assigned 
as Battalion Commander, 142nd Machine-Gun Battalion. 

Landed at Brest, France. September 3, 1918; 142nd Machine-Gun Bat- 
talion, used as Replacements. November, 1918, was assigned to 92nd Divi- 
sion, 350th Machine-Gun Battalion. December 8, transferred to 7th Division, 
21st Machine-Gun Battalion. Was one of five Majors sent to Army School 
of Artillery, Trier, Germany, Colonel M. E. Locke (V. M. I.), Commandant. 

Sailed for home, June 9, 1919, on S. S. Prinz Frederick Wilhelm, with 
one hundred and ninety-two officers, seven thousand men and three hundred 
and two horses. Was Troop Commander on board. 

Mustered out, July 14, 1919. 

Both the 142nd and 21st Machine Gun Battalions received highest rating 
in A. E. F. 

Resumed pre-war position as Construction Engineer of Standard Oil Com- 
pany of Louisiana, July 17, 1919. 

Major Harrison is a nephew of Colonel H. C. Bonnycastle, U. S. A., of 
Class 1895. A younger brother, now deceased, was also an Alumnus of 
the V. M, I. 

Major GEORGE MURRELL ALEXANDER, Class 1909. From Virginia. 

Commander of 1st Battalion, 116th Infantry, 29th Division, A. E. F. 

He was elected Captain of th.e Lynchburg Musketeers, Co. "L," 1st Va. 

Infantry, on June 6, 1917. Called into State service, June 13, 1917, and on 

June 19 left for Camp Stuart, Richmond. Served with the 1st Va. Infantry 

at Brownsville, Texas, from July 10, 1917 until January 5, 1918. 

While at Brownsville Co. "L" won the competitive drill as the best 
drilled Infantry Company. During the World War this Company furnished 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 173 

62 Ofiicers to the Service. On July 25, 1918, was called into Service; left for 
Camp McClellan, Anniston, Alabama, on September 26. On October 3 the 
1st, 2nd, and 4th Va. Regiments were merged into th,e 116th Infantry, and 
he was given command of Co. "L," 116th Infantry, which was made up of 
Companies "E" and "L" (both from Lynchburg), and about 40 men from 
Co. "G," of Alexandria, Va. 

Left for France, June 15, 1918, arriving there, June 27. Took charge 
of the 1st Battalion, 116th Infantry, August 16, and was promoted to Major 
on September 4 and given permanent command of that Battalion. Spent two 
weeks in the trenches in the Vosges District, in the Gildwiller Sector. Took 
part in the Offensive North of Verdun, on the right bank of the Meuse, in 
October. Was wounded October 10 by a piece of high explosive in the Con- 
sovoye Woods, and was, as a consequence, absent from his Regiment until 
January 3, 1919, being at Hospitals at Chaumont and Limoges. On his re- 
turn he was again given command of the 1st Battalion, 116th Infantry. 
This Regiment was picked by the Division Commander as being the best in 
the Division. 

On March 6, he left England, being one of three officers sent from 
the Division to attend Universities there, and he was at Magdalen College, 
Oxford, for the Spring term. He returned to New York July 12 and was 
honourably discharged from service at Camp Dix, New Jersey, on July 31, 
1919, 

All too modestly the writer of the above tells of his splendid service. 
No Officer of his grade in the A. E. F. served more faithfully or with greater 
gallantry. 

Major WILLIAM A. TABER, Class 1916. From Alabama. 
61st Infantry, U. S. A. 
Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, 1917. Promoted 1st Lieutenant, 
Infantry, 1917. Promoted Captain, 61st Infantry (to rank from August 5, 
1917). Promoted Major, Infantry. Commission as Captain, U. S. A. made 
permanent, March, 1919. After War, detailed as Instructor, Emory College, 
Oxford, Ga. Continues in the Service. 

Major JOSEPH T. CLEMENT, Class 1906. From South Carolina. 

V. M. I. Alumnus and Graduate, U. S. M. A. 

39th Infantry, 4th Division, A. E. F. 

Promoted Captain of Infantry when War began, and assigned as Ex- 
amining Officer, Officers' Training Camps. Range Officer, 4th Division, 
Acting Brigade Adjutant, 7th Infantry Brigade. Promoted to Major of In- 
fantry. Severely wounded in action while serving as Liaison Officer, 39th 
Infantry, near Ourcq River, France, July 18, 1918. 

Major Clement had been sent to Hospital, ill with influenza, on July 
13. He obtained his discharge on the 17 and joined his command, not will- 
ing to be absent from the impending engagement. 

For this act he was awarded the French "Croix de Guerre." And he 
received from General Pershing, Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., a Citation 
for "distinguished and exceptional gallantry," for his conduct on this 
occasion. 



1 74 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Major ROBERT M. DASHIELL, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
Company "M," 106th Infantry, and 302nd Tank Corps, A. E. F. 

Enlisted, first Officers' Training Camp, Fort Myer, Virginia, May 14, 1917. 
Commissioned Captain, Infantry, August 15, 1917. Placed on duty at Camp 
Lee, Virginia, commanding Company "K," 318th Infantry. Went overseas 
with his organization. Detailed on special duty. Second Army Corps, July 
2, 1918. Assigned to 106th Infantry, Company "M," 27th Division, Septem- 
ber 25, 1918; three days later, placed in command of 3rd Battalion. Saw 
service at the front with this outfit. Transferred to 302nd Tank Corps, 
November 16, 1918. In Hospital for long time following Armistice. 

Promoted to Major, December 6, 1918. 

Entered Hospital, December 11, 1918. 

Returned to United States, and discharged, May 1, 1919. 

Major KENNA G. EASTHAM, Class 1910. From Virginia 

815th Pioneer Infantry, 1st Section, General Staff, etc., A. E. F. 

When the United States entered the War he was in the Philippine 
Islands, commanding the 9th Cavalry. Later, he was promoted to Major and 
went to France. He served there with the following organizations: 

S15th Pioneer Infantry; the 1st Section, General Staff; Advance Section, 
S. O. S., and the 2nd Cavalry. 

He is an accomplished offieer, and served with great distinction, through- 
out thcj War. 

Major JACK HASTIE, Jr., Class 1912, Senior Cadet Officer in his Class. 
From Washington State. 
Infantry, 91st Division. Later, 2d Cavalry, A. E. F. 
Commanded Troop "H," 1st Washington Cavalry on Mexican Border, 
1916-1917. Commissioned, November 26, 1917, Ca-ptain, Infantry, at Presidio, 
California. With 91st Division in France. Commanded Co. "E," Ammuni- 
tion Train, which was changed to a Provisional Cavalry Squadron and at- 
tached to the 2d Cavalry. He was severely gassed in action. His gallant 
conduct, witnessed by French Officers, caused the French Commanding Gen- 
eral to award him the Croix de Guerre. After the Armistice he commanded 
the H. Q. Troop of the 9th Corps, at St. Mihiel. Promoted Major. 

Was seriously injured in the victorious Interallied Polo Contest at 
Paris, and invalided home. 

Major WILLIAM D. SCOTT. JR., Class 1899. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps. In comraaixd, Field Hospital 320, A. E. F. 

In May, 1918, he received a commission as Captain in the Medical 
Corps, U. S. A., with orders to report for duty immediately. He was 
assigned to the 80th Division and sailed for France with it on May 24, 1918. 
In January, 1919, he was promoted to Major, Medical Corps, and made Com- 
manding Officer of Field Hospital 320, of the 350th Sanitary Train, 80th 
Division. In June, 1919, he returned to the United States and was mustered 
out of the Service at Camp Dix. 

Resumed tbe practice of his profession in Baltimore, Md. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 175 

Major HENRY W. T. EGLIN, Class li)05. From Virginia. 

Assistant Cliief Ordnance Officer, 2n6. Army, A. E. F. 

War Service: May -July, 1917, Instructor, Officers' Training Camp; 

August, 1917-October, 1!)18, on Staff, Commanding General, 39th Division; 

October-December, 1918, Assistant Chief Ordnance Officer, Second Army, 

A. E. F. ; 1919 to date, on duty with War Department, Washington, D. C. 

Major STERLING M. HEFLIN, Class 1916, Second Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 

Infantry, Instructor, U. S. A. 

Commissioned Captain, Infantry, at first Officers' Training Camp, at Fort 
Myer, Virginia. Instructor at second Camp at same place. Instructor at 
Camp Lee, Virginia. Commissioned Major, Infantry, and sent to Camp 
MacArthur as Adjutant, C. I. O. T. S., where he served most efficiently 
until the Armistice. 

Served as Assistant Professor, Physics and Engineering, V. M. I., 1918- 
1919. Recalled to the V. M. I. as Adjunct Professor of Physics, June, 1920. 

Major EDWARD M. ALMOND, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
Infantry, 12th Machine-Gun Battalion, 4th Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, U. S. A., 1916. Promoted to 1st Lieu- 
tenant, 1917. Promoted to Captain and assigned to command Company 
"A," 12th Machine-Gun Battalion, 4th Division. Sailed for France with his 
Division. In all of its engagements at the front. Slightly wounded at battle 
of Vesle River. Promoted to Major of Infantry. 

He continues in the Service, with reduced rank of Captain, Infantry, 
Regular Army. 

Stationed at Marion Institute, Marion, Alabama, at last report. 

C/o The Adjutant General, U. S. A., Washington, D. C. 

Major TURNER H. WILTSHIRE, Class 1909. From Maryland. 
Infantry, Headquarters Staff, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Captain, Infantry, August 15, 1917. Assigned to Head- 
quarters Troop, 80th Division. Went overseas with this Division. Promoted 
Major, Infantry, Staff, Major General Cronkhite, commanding 80th Division, 
and saw service in all the engagements of that Division. 

His brother, George D. Wiltshire, of Class 1916, was commissioned 2nd 
Lieutenant, August 15, 1917. Promoted 1st Lieutenant (to rank from Octo- 
ber 22, 1917). Promoted Captain, Cavalry, August, 1918. As late as Janu- 
ary, 1920, h,e was serving with the 2nd Cavalry, at Fort Riley, Kansas. 

The permanent address of both is now Culpeper, Virginia. 

Major JOHN W. CARROLL, Class 1900. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps, Base Hospital, No. 4, A. E. F. 
Volunteered for Service, October, 1917. Received commission as Captain, 
Medical Corps, December 29, 1917. Called to active duty. Camp Sevier, 
May 1, 1918, with Base Hospital No. 41, Surgical Staff. Sailed for over- 
seas with this Unit, July 5, 1918. On duty at St. Denis, France, with Base 
Hospital No. 41, as Captain, Medical Corps, until December 30, 1918, when 



176 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

ordered Lome. Sailed on Leviathan, February 3, 1919. Arrived, United 
States, February 12. Ordered to Camp Lee, Virginia, Surgical Section. 
Discharged, March 12, 1919. 

Promoted to Major, Medical Reserve Corps, November 11, 1919. 

Resumed his profession in Lynchburg, Virginia. 

Major HERMANN C. SCHMIDT, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
Engineering Division, Office of. Chief Ordnance Officer, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Captain, Ordnance Department, July 17, 1917. Assigned 
to active duty, December 1, 1917, as Executive Secretary, Gage Branch, En- 
gineering Division, Ordnance Department, H. Q., Washington, D. C. Arrived, 
France, June 2, 1918. Assigned to Engineer Division, Office of Chief 
Ordnance Officer, A. E. F. Promoted to rank of Major, January 1, 1919. 
After Armistice, in charge of captured German Ordnance material. Rfr 
turned to United States, July 3, 1919. Discharged from Service, November 
1, 1919. 

Resumed his profession of Engineering. Residence, 1724 Hanover Ave- 
nue, Richmond, Virginia. 

Major STANFORD CHAILLE JAMISON, Class 1907. From Louisiana. 
Medical Corps, A. E. F. 

Enlisted, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. Commissioned, 1st Lieutenant, 
Promoted to Captain, Medical Corps, November 2, 1917, Fort Oglethorpe. 
Sailed for overseas, May 18, 1919. In command of Infirmary No. 2, Depot 
Medical Reserve Corps, May 19, 1917. Called to active duty, August 31, 1917. 
Division, 1st Army Corps. Promoted to Major, Medical Corps. 

This distinguished physician might have found exemption from mili- 
tary service, because of his many public duties in New Orleans, but he 
threw aside all personal and public considerations as soon as War came, 
and enlisted in the cause of his Country, rising to high command in the 
overseas Army. 

Home, 145 S. Rampart Street, New Orleans, La. 

Major EVAN C. SEAMAN, Class 1915. From Pennsylvania. 
Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A., March 
24, 1917. Ordered to duty at Fort Monroe, April 15, 1917, and remained 
there until August 6, 1917. Transferred to Fort Rodman, Mass., for duty, 
August 17. 1917. Was promoted to 1st Lieutenant, C. A. C, May 30, 1917. 
Served at Fort Rodman until May 3, 1918 (when he was returned to Fort 
Monroe). Promoted to Captain, November 5, 1917. Promoted to Major, Octo- 
ber 16, 1918. 

At last report (November 28, 1919), he was Coast Defense Adjutant at 
Fort Monroe. 

The rapid promotion of this officer attests to his merit and distinguished 

efficiency. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 177 

Major CHARLES H. CARSON, Class 1915. From Virginia. 

Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, and in charge. Advertising and Publicity Work 

for the Army, U. S. A. 

He was graduated at the Second Officers' Training Camp, at Fort Myer, 
with the rank of Captain. Assigned as Commanding Officer, 16th Company, 
4th Training Battalion, 155th Depot Brigade, Camp Lee, Virginia, He or- 
ganized and commanded the 13th, 14th and 15th Recruit Battalions of 155th 
Depot Brigade, Camp Lee. He took the course in Machine-Gunnery at Camp 
Hancock, Georgia. Returned to Camp Lee as student in the Infantry Of- 
ficers' School. Ordered to Richmond and placed in charge of Advertising 
and Publicity Work for the Army for the State of Virginia, and continued 
in the performance of this duty until his discharge from the Service on 
September 27, 1919. His service throughout the War was with great 
efficiency. 

Since his discharge from Service he has been President, of The Charson 
System of Advertising at Roanoke and Newport News, Virginia, with, home 
office at 12y2 Campbell Street, Roanoke, Virginia. 

The grandfather of Captain Carson is the gallant Colonel Robert P. 
Carson, C. S. A., Graduate of Class 1854, of Abingdon, Virginia, now the 
oldest living Graduate of the V. M. I. He proved his loyalty by sending a 
son and a grandson to the V. M. I., both graduating. 

Major TURNER M. CHAMBLISS, Class 1914. From Virginia. 
30th U. S. Infantry, A. E. F. 

He served two years in the Virginia National Guard after graduating, 
becoming Captain of Company "M,'' 4th Infantry. When his Company was 
not called to the front in the Mexican trouble, in 1916, he made immediate 
application for appointment as Second Lieutenant, United States Army. 
Secretary Baker was so impressed with the young man's record he at once 
ordered him to Washington to take the examination. He inherits the spirit 
of War, for his grandfather. Major General John R. Chambliss, was a 
gallant officer of the Confederacy, and was killed in battle. On November 
28, 1916, he was commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Infantry, U. S. A. He served 
at Leavenworth, Kansas, and on the Mexican Border in 1917. He was pro- 
moted Captain,, 30th U. S. Infantry, July 25, 1917. He went to France with 
his Company among the first regulars to go; and served with great gallantry 
throughout the War. He was severely wounded in the Argonne. He was 
promoted to Major, 30th Infantry. 

After the Armistice, he went with his regiment to Germany. 

[From Army and Navy Register, June 21, 1919:] 

"Mr. and Mrs. Thomas James Wilson, of Clifton Forge, Va., and Wash- 
ington, announce the engagement of their daughter, Bernice. to Major 
Turner Mason Chambliss, U. S. A. Major Chambliss is at present in the 
Army of Occupation. Miss Wilson has been engaged in war work ?n Wash- 
ington, for the past year. The marriage will take place shortly after Major 
Chambliss returns." 

Major HENRY B. HOLMES, JR., Class 1916, "Second Honour" and 
"First Captain." From Virginia. 
Instructor, Coast Artillery Training Corps, Fort Monroe, Va. 
He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A., 



178 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

in the fall of 1916, receiving one of the V. M. I. "Honour" Appointments. 
He was soon promoted to First Lieutenant, Coast Artillery Corps, and on 
August 5, 1917, he was promoted to Captain, Coast Artillery Corps. In 1918, 
he was promoted to Major, Coast Artillery Corps. 

From May, 1917 to May, 1918, he served at Fort Wadsworth. N. Y. 
From May to November 11, 1918, he was Instructor, Coast Artillery Train- 
ing Camp, at Fort Monroe, Virginia. Since November 12, 1918, he has served 
at Camp Eustis, Fort DuPont, and Fort Kamehameha, H. T. 

He wrote: "I am not very proud of the above, but it is what they put 
me to, and I couldn't do any better." But tbe V. M. I. is proud of this 
remarkable record of one of her favourite and best-beloved sons — Major in 
the Coast Artillery Corps, two years after graduation. 

Doubtless, he would have been sent overseas had he not been so valu- 
able as an Instructor at the great Coast Artillery Training School, at Fort 
Monroe. Like so many others of the regular establishment, he could not be 
spared .from his important work of training officers for our huge Army 
overseas, which it was believed would be doubled very soon. 

But the Armistice occurred on that blessed Eleventh of November, the 
V. M. I.'s natal day! 

Major FREDERICK J. WILLIAMS, Class 1915. From New York. 

342nd Field Artillery, 89th Division. A. E. F. 

Died in the Service. 

This exceptionally fine officer was both an Alumnus of the V. M. I. 
and a Graduate of the United States Military Academy. 

Graduated, United States Military Academy, June, 1916, as Second 
Lieutenant, Coast Artillery. July 1, 1916, promoted First Lieutenant, Coast 
Artillery, and stationed at Fort Totten, N. Y. While at this fort lie was 
detached to instruct the Rifle Squaa or the New York Police Department 
on the ranges at Fort Wadsworth. Although barely twenty-two years of 
age, he so commanded the admiration and respect of the Squad (some 400) 
that, at a dinner given him by the men, he was presented with a very 
valuable gold watch and an elaborate and specially designed medal, and 
received from Commissioner Arthur Woods a most grateful letter. His 
next station was Rockaway Point where the Government was beginning to 
build a fort. (This was in January, 1917.) In July, 1917, he was trans- 
ferred to the Field Artillery and went to Syracuse, New York, where the 
Field Artillery was being organized as part of the now famous 2nd Division. 
In August, 1917, he received his commission of Captain, and was given com- 
mand of Battery "A," Field Artillery. 

His Colonel said he was "absolutely dependable." This organization 
went to France (he with it) early in December, 1917. In June, 1918, he 
was detailed to the Artillery Information Service, much against his wishes, 
as he liked the life in the "line." On the evening of his departure for his 
new work, his non-commissioned officers, for themselves and the men, pre- 
sented him with a beautiful gold watch bearing the inscription, "A token of 
affection from his loyal Battery." Needless to say, this was his most prized 
possession. On July 3, 1918, he received his commission as Major (not yet 
twenty-three years old), and was made Chief of Artillery Information, 1st 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 179 

Army Corps, and served in this capacity through the Chateau Thierry battles. 
When the St. Mihiel and Argonne Campaign was being planned, he was 
transferred to be Chief of Artillery Information of the 4th Corps, and served 
In that drive until late in October, 1918, when his urgent and oft-repeated 
request for transfer to the line was granted, and he joined the 342nd Field 
Artillery, 89th Division, and went with that organization into Germany, In 
January, 1919, he was stricken with pneumonia and sent to the Hospital at 
Trier. Having been gassed on three different occasions, his lungs were In 
bad shape to stand off the disease, and he was given up for lost twice. His 
clean life pulled him through, however, and he returned to America, May 
30, 1919, but was under Hospital supervision, until July, 1919. Upon his 
discharge from medical supervision, he at once applied for service In the 
Philippine Islands. There were some seventy applications ahead of his, but 
his record in France gave him the preference, and he sailed on his twenty- 
fifth birthday, August 15, 1919. His station was Stotsenberg. He was In* 
Jured there in a collision in a Polo game, March 14, 1920, and died of con- 
cussion of the brain, March 15, 1920. His body was brought to the States 
and was buried with full military honours from the Catholic Chapel at 
West Point, April 27, 1920, members of his West Point Class being pall- 
bearers. 

He was in four of the major engagements in France and had one or 
two marvelous escapes — once, when, with three others, a shell killed all 
but him, his helmet receiving only a slight dent. 

Letters were received by his family from all grades in the Service. An 

enlisted man wrote: "He was the finest young officer I was ever under in all 

my twenty-six years of service. All the men would go through Hell for him." 

A Major wrote: "It is my belief he knew more of the operation of the 

Artillery Information Service than anyone in the A. E. F." 

A Lieutenant Colonel wrote: "He had none of the follies of most young 
men and was the cleaneet-living man I ever knew." 

A General wrote: "His personal charm and efficient qualities made him 
sought for by every commanding ofllcer in the A. E. F." 

These quotations from a few of the hundreds of letters received by his 
bereaved family give an idea of what his superior officers, and the enlisted 
men who served under him, thought of him. 

He was by far the youngest Chief of any branch of the Service in any 
of the Armies, and It is thought he was the youngest Major in the Service 
at the time of his death. His rank, of course, was a temporary one, but he 
had not been demoted, and probably would not have been as long as he was 
In the Philippine Islands. 

Major Williams was born in Charleston, South Carolina. August 15, 1894. 
He was a son of Edward C. Williams, of Connecticut, and his wife, Marie 
Louise Chazal, of Charleston, S. C. His paternal ancestry in America dated 
back to 1657. His maternal blood was French and Corslcan. His maternal 
grandfather was a Surgeon in the Confederate Army and his great grand- 
father (maternal) was an officer in 1812. He removed to New York City 
with his parents in 1898. He attended the Elementary and Grammar Public 
Schools and was one year at Stuyvesant High School. His uncle was a 
General in the Field Artillery, and a cousin was a Major in the Field Artil- 



180 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

lery — both West Pointers; and he always had an Army career in view for 
his life work. He v^^ent to the V. M. I., in September, 1911, in the hope that 
he could graduate high enough to gain a commission, but fully intending, 
should he fail, to go through the ranks. A few months later he learned 
there was to be a competitive examination for a West Point appointment in 
the Spring of 1912. With the permission of General Nichols he went home 
and worked under a tutor. Although the youngest of the nineteen compe- 
titors, he won the appointment given him by Henry George, and entered 
the National Academy in June, 1912, and was graduated thirty-ninth in a 
class of one hundred and twenty-six, in June, 1916. 

It is truly pathetic that a young officer of his noble qualities and bril- 
liant achievements, and with such a future as appeared to be promised him, 
should have met such a death as befell him. 

Major MARSHALL M. MILTON, Class 1903. From Virginia. 
Commander, 1st Battalion, 60th C. A., 1st Army Corps, A. E. F. 

Major Milton entered the Service as captain of the Fifth Virginia Coast 
Artillery Company, from Roanoke, in June, 1917, and was in training at 
Fort Monroe until December, 1917, when his Company was assigned to the 
Sixtieth Artillery Regiment for duty with the A. E. F. Early in the Spring 
of 1918, the regiment sailed for France, landing at Bordeaux. Subsequently, 
Captain Milton was made major of the First Battalion of the Sixtieth Artil- 
lery and attached to the Fifth Army Corps of the First Army. With other 
officers of the regiment, he served with the British in the Summer of 1918 
and, returning to the regiment in August, was sent to the T'oul front. There 
the Sixtieth Artillery was in continuous action during the St. Mihiel drive, 
then it was attached to the French Army on the Meuse River and finally 
ordered into the Argonne Forest tO' support the culminating American at- 
tack. At different times the regiment supported eight Infantry Divisions — 
the Twenty-ninth, Thirtieth, Thirty-second, Seventy-seventh, Eightieth, 
Eighty-second and Eighty-fifth, and the Rainbow. When the Armistice was 
signed, the guns of the regiment were within four miles of Sedan. 

Since his return from the Army, Major Milton has settled in Richmond. 
He is a brother of the Rev. William H. Milton, D. D., one of the most promi- 
nent Episcopal clergymen of North Carolina, a Graduate of the V. M. I., of 
the Class of 1888, and of Captain Taliaferro Milton, a distinguished Elec- 
trical Engineer, Graduate of the Class of 1897. 

Others of this rank who must be specially, though very briefly, men- 
tioned here are: 

Major JAMBS W. PEYTON, Class 1906. From Virginia. (Brother of 
Colonel Philip B. Peyton, above.) Seriously wounded in action, and was 
conspicuous for bravery. 

Major RICHARD F. BEIRNE, Class 1902. From Virginia. Distin- 
guished in the C A., in the A. E. F. 

Major ALEXANDER W. DILLARD, Class 1913. From Maryland. 
Captain, 102nd Infantry, 26th Division, and won his wound stripe and the 
<'D. S. C." only to meet death in an accident, afterwards. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 181 

Major THOMAS S. ARMS, Class 1915. From Ohio. 31st Infantry, 
A. E. F., who has but recently returned from his three years' bitter experi- 
ence in Siberia, where he distinguished himself, and won promotion. 

Major PHILIP G. BLACKMORE, Class 1911. From Virginia. During 
the whole War, he was kept in Hawaii, because his Post was so important, 
and he was such a meritorious officer. 



Major WILLIAM W. BRANDER, Class 1887. F^om Virginia. The be- 
loved Chaplain for over a score of years of the 8th Cavalry, who has but 
recently retired with honour. 

Major JAMES P. YANCEY, Class 1910. From Virginia. His fine service 
in thie Cavalry brought merited promotion. 

Major WILLIAM H. COCKE, Class 1894. From Virginia (later, St. 
Louis, Mo.). Adjutant, 70th Infantry Brigade, 35th Division, A. E. F. 
Another Volunteer from that remarkable Class of "Old Men," whose record 
in France was so fine. (Hero of two Wars.) 

He served with the General Staff in France^ — a signal honour bestowed 
on a National Guard Officer. 

Major PHILIP COLDWELL, Class 1910. liYom Texas. (One of four 
brothers in the Service, two being V. M. I. "boys." ) He returned from a long 
tour of service In the Philippines, in June, 1918, and was placed in high 
command at Camp Grant, and there met with an accident in the line of duty, 
which disabled him for eight months. 

Major BLANDY B. CLARKSON, Class 1914. From Virginia. Of the 
328th Infantry, 82nd Division, A. E. F., the famous athlete who performed 
such fine service, and won merited promotion. Now that he has returned 
home, the Institute is to have the benefit of his valuable services. 

Major OCTAVIUS C. DREW, Class j.895. From Texas. (Hero of two 
Wars.) Assistant Adjutant of the 96th Division, A. E. F. 

Major JAMES T. GWATHMEY, Class 1883, the brilliant Surgeon who 
has twice given his service to his Country in time of War— one of three 
brothers who are loyal sons of Virginia and the V. M. I. 

Major GUY C. FENNER, Class 1898. l^rom Louisiana. 86th Infantry, 
18th Division, whose tragic death, so soon after his honourable discharge 
from the Service, was deeply mourned. 

Major DANIEL E. MURPHY, Class 1910. From Virginia. A fine Cavalry 
Officer; his services were needed at home and in Hawaii. 



182 Virginia Military Institute — EWorld War Kecord 

Major MAX G. PATTEBSON, Class 1913. From Virginia. His flae 
record for efficiency in the Infantry caused him to be retained in the Service 
for a long time after the Armistice. 

THE PITTS (twin) brothers, Class 1916. From Virginia: Major John 
L». Pitts, Jr., and Major Lindsay Pitts — who performed splendid service at 
Camp Lee during the entire War. 

Major LLEWELLYN POWELL, Class 1S99. From Virginia. Of the 
Medical Corps and one of the first Virginians to volunteer for the War. 
(Son of a gallant old Confederate "V. M. I. boy.") 

Major W. WALLACE SHEPPARD, Class 1901. From South Carolina. 
His record in the Judge Advocate's Department was exceptionally dis- 
tinguished. 

Major ROBERT S. SPILMAN, Class 1893. From Virginia. Member of 
the Medical Corps — in the Spanish-American War and in the World War, 
whose service was conspicuously honourable. 

Major WALTER R. WEAVER, son of the Chief of the Coast Artillery 
Corps during the war, of Class 1904. From Virginia. He served with 
great distinction in the Signal Corps, throughout the War, 

Major CARY R. WILSON, Class 1906. From Virginia. He served with 
distinction in the Coast Artillery Corps in the A. E. F. 

Major T. FOSTER WITT, Class 1912. From Virginia. His services at 
the Fort Monroe Artillery School throughout the War were so valuable he 
could not be spared for overseas service. His rapid promotion attests his 
merit and efficiency. 

Major HENRY G. POAGUE, Class 1910. From Virginia, (3on of the 
Confederate hero — Jackson's famous Artillerist — Colonel William T. Poague, 
for so many years the V. M. I.'s beloved Treasurer.) 816th F. A., 81st 
Division, A. E. F. [An elder brother was a Captain In the Service overseas.] 

Some of the accomplished Engineers who served as Majors and who 
received high commendation, along with promotion, are: 

Major JOSEPH SEAY, Class 1892. From Virginia. A. E. F. 

« 
Major HOWARD McC. YOST, Class 1906. From Ohio. 

Major C. P. NOLAND, Class 1904. From Virginia. A. E. F. 

Major EUGENE BRADBURY, Class 1896. From Virginia. Of the 5th 
Engineering Construction Division, U. S. A. 

Major GEORGE A. BLOW, Class 1906. From Virginia. (Whose father 
and brother are also Graduates, and both likewise distinguished Engineers.) 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 183 

Major RICHARD BROOKE, Class 1908. From Virginia. A. E. F. 
Promoted for distinguished efficiency and courage. (Son of a gallant Con- 
federate Soldier who is also a Graduate, as is also an older brother, a high 
official in the B. and O. R. R. Co.) 

Major JAMES D. PAUNTLBROY, Class 1888. From Virginia. (Who 
won such a high reputation in the Philippine War.) 

Major CHARLES A. LYERLY, JR., Class 1907. From Tennessee. 

Major WILLIAM B. HARRISON, Class 1892. Prom Virginia. 153rd 
Engineers, U. S. A. Retained in Office of Chief of Engineer Corps, because 
of his valuable services. [Son of a distinguished Confederate Engineer — 
also a Graduate of V. M. I.l 

Major HUGH McLEOD, Class 1S93. From "\;irginia. Distinguished Min- 
ing Engineer In Montana, who was among the first to offer his services to 
his Country. 

Major JOSIAH N. PERRY, Class 1906. From District of Columbia. 
(Since deceased.) 

Major WALTER McI. AVOLPB, Class 1906. From New Jersey. A. E. P. 

Major WILLIAM E. SPRAGINS, Class 1906. From Alabama. A. E. P. 
One year overseas. 

Major EDWARD H. TALIAFERRO, JR., Class 1908. From I^ouisiana. 
A. E. F. (Who returned with a lovely French wife.) 

The list of Majors distinguished in the World War, given above, already 
long, could be added to, if space permitted. But, certainly, one more must 
be specially mentioned — one whose War record is brilliant, though he was 
not permitted to reach the "firing line." This is the distinguished Super- 
intendent of the Virginia Military Institute: 

EDWARD WEST NICHOLS, Class 1878. From Virginia. 
Major, Engineers, U. S. Army, World War. 
The services of this Graduate in the War were so valuable, and so 
distinguished, it is eminently proper that they be recorded here by the 
Historiographer of the V. M. I. 

Long before this Country entered into the War, he saw with prophetic 
vision the necessity of preparing Virginia's great School of Arms over which 
he had so long, and so successfully, presided for the impending struggle. 
Schooled, as he is, in the traditions of his Alma Mater by his service at the 
V. M. I. for over forty years— as Cadet, Assistant Professor, Professor and 
Superintendent, and knowing her record in all the Wars this Country has 
waged since 1839, he realized that the time had again come when she would 
triumphantly prove her raison d'etre, and fulfill her duty as she had ever 
done in her Country's crises. 



184 Virginia Military Institute — World War Hecord 

To this end. with the approval of the Board of Visitors, he tendered to 
the War Department all the resources of the Virginia Military Institute, 
and his own personal services in the field, or wherever they might be useful. 
The War Department appreciated the value of this offer, and quickly signi- 
fied its intention to use the Institute, and its Superintendent, in every way 
possible. 

His own services were at once availed of by his appointment on various 
Commissions composed of the heads of many of the leading Literary Institu- 
tions of the United States, who were charged with important duties, in con- 
nection with preparing these institutions for greater usefulness, in case of 
War. Of two of the most important of these Commissions he was chosen 
Chairman. This was a compliment that all Institute men appreciated; but 
greater honours were yet to come to him, and to the V. M. I., through him. 
In the meantime, Virginia was busy preparing for the conflict, one 
of the first acts of her Executive being to appoint a *Council of Defense 
composed of distinguished citizens, and General Nichols was one of the 
appointees. At the first meeting of this body, his colleagues, realizing his 
pre-eminent fitness, elected him Chairman of the Council. The State was 
soon placed in a condition of better preparedness for the War by the action 
of the Council which held frequent meetings, at every one of which the in- 
defatigable Chairman was present, and took a leading part. But this work 
entailed exceeding labour and hardship upon him, already burdened with his 
exacting duties as Superintendent of the V. M. I., and weighed down with 
cares and responsibilities that few men would be willing to assume. Yet, 
while neglecting none of these legitimate duties, he performed, with tire- 
less energy and the most conscientious scruples, all the new duties that 
devolved upon him. 

The State felt safer when he had been placed at the head of the Council 
of Defense. 

He brought to the discharge of his new task ripe experience, scholarly 
attainments, remarkable business acumen, a restless energy and a "savotT 
faire^' that few possess. 

For over a year he continued thus to serve his State and the cause of 
the Country, and during that period this chronicler can testify that there 
never was a completer sacrifice of self for the public weal than that he made. 
In April, 1917, General Nichols established at the Institute a local 
Training Camp and School which had the hearty indorsement of the War 
Department. Several hundred young men from many parts of the United 
States attended the three months' course at this School where valuable train- 
ing was afforded them. The first Camp terminated July 3, and a second 
Camp was conducted during the iSummer, though not as largely attended. 
The next Summer a third Camp was held at the Institute. 

The Institute gave every possible facility in making these Camps fulfill 
the object for which they were established, furnishing all the Instructors 
who cheerfully and untiringly bore the brunt of the extra labour entailed 



*This was repeating history, for, in the beginning of the Confederate 
War, Governor John Letcher appointed a similar Council, with General 
Francis H, Smith, Superintendent of the V. M. I., as one of the members. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 185 

on the Institute. Many young men who went from these Camps to the 
Government's Officers' Training Schools testified gladly to the value of the 
preliminary instruction they had been given at these V. M. I. Camps. 

In the early fall of the second year of the War the War Department in- 
stituted the S. A. T. C. Unit in all the greater Colleges in the Country, and 
appointed experienced officers of the Army as Commanders of these Units — 
In every institution save one, and that one — the "V. M. I. To it belongs the 
unique distinction of being the only College in the United States whose 
Civilian Head was formally commissioned in the United States Army, and 
then placed in command of its S. A T. C. Unit. To General E. W. Nichols 
came this great honour. 

Here is his record of Service in the United States Army in the World 
War: 

September 28, 1918, appointed Major, U. S. A. (S. O., W. D. No. 228), 
and stationed at th,e Virginia Military Institute for duty, in command of the 
S. A. T. C. 

October 17, 1918, appointed Major, Engineers, U. S. A. (S. 0„ 
W. D. No. 273.) 

Served as Commanding Officer, S. A. T. C. Unit, Virginia Military In- 
stitute, embracing 13 officers and 367 enlisted men, September 28, 1918 to 
April 22, 1919. 

Honourably discharged, April 22, 1919 (S. O., No. 96, H. Q. Eng'rs Dept.). 

For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services, during the 
War, the Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia promoted Brigadier 
General E. W. Nichols to be a Major General in the Armed Forces of the 
State, June, 1919. 

There were over 300 Captains who belonged to the V. M. I. All could 
fittingly be mentioned specially for their deeds, but only the follow- 
ing (of the Army) can be referred to here, and every one was a hero: 

Captain CHARLES ELLET MOORE, Class 1913, "First Captain," Corps of 

Cadets. From Virginia. 

23d Infantry (Regular), 2d Division, A. E. P. 

Returning from the University of Wisconsin, in the Summer of 1916, 
and believing that the United States would be drawn into the War, he offered 
his services to the War Department, and in the fall of that year was com- 
missioned Second Lieutenant in the regular Army, and ordered to Fort 
Leavenworth, Kansas. Here he spent several months in training, and was 
then assigned to the 23rd Infantry (Regular). He was soon promoted to a 
First Lieutenancy. 

The latter part of July, 1917, his regiment was ordered to Syracuse, 
N. Y., preparatory to embarking for France. Here he was promoted to the 
rank of Captain. The latter part of August, 1917, his regiment sailed for 
France. On arrival there, one-half of the officers, including himself, were 
ordered to a point near Nancy, where they were drilled in Trench Warfare. 
He remained in this camp about two months, and then returned to his regi- 
ment, and was engaged in drilling his Company until June, 1918, when the 



186 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

regiment was ordered to a point in Northiern France. When it reached 
Paris, the Enemy's threatened advance on that City from Chateau Thierry 
caused it to be diverted to meet this advance. Captain Moore's regiment, 
the 9th Regulars, and tlie 5th and 6th Regiments of Marines were formed 
into a brigade, and took part in the fighting that preceded the attack at 
Belleau Wood. His Company participated in this attack, one of the results 
of which was to uncover the town of Bazoches, and Moore was ordered to 
occupy this town and to hold it. This he did for two weeks, under a very 
heavy and continuous cannonade which knocked down all the homes in the 
town. Two night attacks of the Enemy's Infantry were also made on the 
town, with the purpose of capturing it, but they were repulsed, the Enemy 
leaving some dead and wounded on the ground. 

Moore with his Company left Bazoches to take part in the fight at 
Vaux, which began the attack on Chateau Thierry. In this fight he re- 
ceived a bullet from a machine-gun that passed through h.is left arm above 
the elbow and severed the nerve that extends from the shoulder to the hand, 
contracting the movements of the wrist and fingers, and causing paralysis 
of the arm. He remained on the field after he was wounded, directing the 
movements of his Company, until its final objective was reached! 

For his conduct in this engagement he was recommended for promo- 
tion, and for a medal, by the Colonel of his regiment and Major of his 
battalion, neither of which has been received, due probably to his continued 
absence from the Army. 

He received this wound on July 1, 1918, was sent to a Hospital about 
40 miles from Bazoches, where he remained for months, and was then 
ordered to the Hospital at Cape May, N. J. Here, his arm was operated on, 
and it was found that the severed ends of the nerve were imbedded in the 
cicatrice of his healed wound. He remained at Cape May Hospital until it 
was closed in the Summer of 1919, when he -was ordered to a Hospital on 
Staten Island, New York. From there he was transferred to Walter Reed 
Hospital, Washington, where he now is. (Dec, 1920.) 

His arm above the elbow is greatly improved, but the improvement be- 
low the elbow is so slow as to be scarcely perceptible. His Surgeon hopes 
for his ultimate recovery. 

Soon after Captain Moore reached the Hospital near Bordeaux, the 
Commander-in-Chief sent him the following telegram: 

"July 5, 1918. 
"Captain Charles E. Moore, 
Second Division. 

"I congratulate you on your fine conduct in the operations of July 1 
and 2, when, though wounded, you refused to leave your command." 

(Signed) "Pershing." 

Captain SAMUEL MARSHALL, Class 1914. From Virginia. 
Machine-Gun Company, 30th (Regular) Infantry, A. E. F. 
He went overseas as First Lieutenant, Machine-Gun Company, 4th In- 
fantry (Regular). 

Transferred as Captain to Machine-Gun Company, 30th Infantry, August, 
1918. Performed valiant service with his command. 

After the Armistice he was with the Army of Occupation in the 7th 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 187 

Machine-Gun Battalion, with commission of First Lieutenant in tlie Regular 
Army. He was still serving in Germany as late as June, 1920, with this 
organization. 

A younger brother was also a Cadet at the V. M. I.; he was preparing 
to enter the Service when the Armistice was declared. 

Captain SUMTER DeL. LOWRY, Class 1914, 4th Cadet Captain. From Florida. 
124th Infantry, 31st Division, A. B. F. 
Captain, Florida National Guard, on Mexican Border, 1916-1917. 
Returned to^ service as soon as he was relieved^ from duty on the Border 
and was commissioned Captain, 124th Infantry, 31st Division. 

Went to France with his Division and participated in all its engage- 
ments with great credit. Two brothers are also V. M. I. Alumni and were 
training for the War when the end came. 

Captain HORACE LILBURN SMITH, JR., Class 1915. From Virginia. 
First U. S. Engineers, A. E. F. 

[From his Commanding Officer.! 

"Headquarters, First U. S. Engineers, 

Camp Meade, Md., 
20 Sept., 1919. 

"Captain Horace L. Smith, Jr., joined the First Engineers as a First 
Lieutenant at Washington Barracks, D. C, in June, 1917, and was assigned 
to Company 'F,' remaining with this Company until the winter of 1917-18 
when he was promoted to Captain, and assigned to the command of Com- 
pany 'D.' He remained with this Company throughout the War. command- 
ing it in all engagements in which the First Division served. 

"A great deal of Engineer work was necessary, in preparation for the 
attack of the First Division upon Cantigny, in May, 1918, and this work 
was carried to a successful conclusion, under the supervision of Captain 
Smith. This work was executed under the most trying conditions, the 
routes to the work, as well as its site, being subjected to severe artillery and 
machine-gun fire. 

" 'D' Company, First Engineers, under the command of Captain Smith, 
participated in the attack, 28 May, 1918, and had the honour of being the 
first American Engineer Company to go 'over the top,' in this War. The 
Company accomplished the Engineer work assigned to it, and then remained 
in the line as Infantry for three days, under incessant fire, before being 
relieved. For its share in this engagement the Company was cited in orders 
by the Division Commander. 

"Captain Smith's work was beyond praise, showing utter disregard for 
personal danger, and proving an inspiration to his men. 

"In the St. Mihiel attack. Captain Smith's Company was assigned to 
escort the Tanks. This was a very dangerous assignment, as it took the 
men and oflScers beyond the Infantry, and brought them directly into the 
fire to which Tanks were subjected. Again, the Company proved its worth 
and Captain Smith, was cited in Division Orders for his gallantry. 

"In the Argonne, in October, Captain Smith's Company was engaged 
in road work, when an Ammunition dump, alongside the road, containing 
small arms ammunition, hand and rifie grenades, etc., was struck by a 
shell, and commenced to burn. In spite of the extreme danger, Captain 
Smith secured a detail of men and personally supervised the removal of 
the burning boxes, so that traffic along the road would not be halted. For 
this act he was awarded the 'Distinguished Service Cross.' 

"Again, in November, in the town of Youck, South of Sedan, Captain 
Smith and his Company distinguished themselves by reconstructing a demol- 



188 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

■ —t m 

ished bridge, under severe artillery fire, thus insuring the flow of supplies 
to the front. In every major operation in which the Division has been 
engaged, Captain Smith has proven his worth and his disregard of danger. 
"Captain Smith has shown himself the possessor of perhaps the keenest 
Engineer mind of any officer in the First Engineers, and was often called 
upon to undertake exceptionally difficult technical work. His last important 
work was on the erection of Monuments on the battlefields of the First 
Division. He was sent to Paris to let contracts for bronze work, oh certain 
approved designs of Monuments; but, on his own initiative, he secured the 
services of a famous Sculptor, and new designs, which have proven much 
more satisfactory to every one concerned. 

"It is a pleasure to me to be able to furnish this outline of Captain 
Smith's services. 

Yours truly, 

E. F. Miller, 
Lieut. Col., 1st Engrs." 

Captain Smith's Company broke the record in putting a pontoon bridge 
across the Rhine — ^1,400 feet — in 41 minutes and 7 seconds. 

The Commander-in-Chief, A. B. P., awarded Captain Smith the "Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross," by direction of the President, December 17, 1918, 
with this Citation: 

"Horace L. Smith, Jr., Captain, 1st Engineers. For extraordinary 
heroism in action near Charpentry, France, October 4, 1918. 

"While repairing roads, a large ammunition dump was set on fire by 
an enemy shell. Captain Smith, with a party of his men, extinguished the 
flames and rescued a large quantity of ammunition and supplies, despite 
the threatened explosion, which would have destroyed the entire dump and 
blocked traffic at an important crossroads for hours. 

[From the Evening Progress, of Petersburg, Va., May 30, 1919.] 

"This Distinguished Service Cross Citation is the culmination of many 
Citations received by Captain Smith for hJs valorous deeds rendered in the 
line of duty. 

"Captain Smith is a Graduate Civil Engineer of the Virginia Military 
Institute, Class of 1915. Prior to the War, he held the olRce of Secretary 
and General Manager of Horace L. Smith & Co., and was making a name for 
himself and firm in the business world. When Germany started her ruthless 
submarine warfare, knowing his Country would join the Allies, he laid 
aside these business interests, and, in February, 1917, volunteered his ser- 
vices to his Country. He was accepted and commissioned First Lieutenant 
in the Officers' Reserve Corps, April 18, 1917, and attended the first Officers' 
Training School at Fort Myer, as Instructor. He was, later, transferred to 
Washington Barracks. Needing three officers to complete a regiment going 
to France, by competitive examination from a class of 150, Lieutenant Smith 
was selected as one of these officers, and sailed for France, August 4, 1917, 
with the first expeditionary forces. 

"At this time the submarines were scouring the high seas, and Lieu- 
tenant Smith's transport h,ad an hour's thrilling fight with five of these 
monsters; but, as always, the Americans conquered, and the port was safely 
reached. 

"Lieutenant Smith, with the First Division, was sent to the Gondre- 
court Sector for training, and thon held the Toul Sector from January until 
Spring, and it was during this time he was promoted to Captain in the 
Regular Army. When ihe big German push, started. Captain Smith and his 
Company were transferred to the Montdidier Sector, and, from the time they 
entered the lines, there v as almost a continual barrage from both sides, 
the artillery fire being fearful. When it was decided to capture the town 
of Cantigny, Company "D,' First Engineers, with Captain Smith in com- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 189 

mand, was ordered to go over the top with the 2Sth. Infantry, and take the 
town. While waiting for the zero hour, a trench mortar shell burst in their 
midst, killing and wounding three officers and 45 men. Notwithstanding 
this handicap, as each officer had been assigned a certain task, Captain 
Smith with, his men went forth and built two strong points, and returned as 
regimental reserve for the 28th Infantry. However, at 6 P. M., Captain 
Smith received orders to take his men out, and hold a part of the front 
line, which they did for 32 hours, without relief. This was a most gruelling 
experience, as the fire of a whole Army Corps was concentrated on the little 
town; but, with true American spirit and valour. Captain Smith and Com- 
pany 'D' never lost an inch of ground. The whole Company received a 
Citation for the splendid v/ork, and Captain Smith isi proud that he had the 
honour of leading the first Engineer Company 'over the top.' 

"After taking Cantigny, the sector was quiet until the Soissons drive 
started in July, when Company 'D,' with the whole First Division, went over 
the top, and won undying fame. 

"In the big push that shoved in the St. Mihiel Salient, in September, 
Captain Smith, with Company 'D,' was assigned the task of getting the 
Tanks over bad places, streams, trenches, etc., and so satisfactorily was it 
done that Captain Smith received a personal Citation from the Commanding 
Officer, as follows: 

'The Division Commander cites the following officer for distinguished 
conduct, during the operations against the St. Mihiel Salient, on Sept. 
12-13, 1918: Capt. Horace L. Smith, Jr.-, First Engineers, for faithful and 
intelligent work in assisting the movement of the Tanks. 

'By command of Major General Summerall.' 

"On October 11, Captain Smith received another Citation, as follows; 

'The Division Commander cites the following officer for conspicious 
gallantry and heroism in the recent operations between the Argonne and 
the Meuse, Oct. 1-11, 1918. Captain Horace L. Smith, with splendid Judg- 
ment and utter disregard of personal danger, led a party of his men into 
a blazing dump, extinguished the fiames, and rescued much ammunition 
and other valuable supplies, just in time to avoid an explosion which would 
have destroyed the whole dump, and resulted in considerable loss of life.' 

'By command of Major General McGlachlin.' 

"Then came the Argonne, with its heart-breaking, body-breaking endur- 
ance test. Captain Smith's Company was attached to the 26th Infantry, 
and orders were received one night to attack the next morning. Immediately, 
the Company started out from the position where they had dug in. The 
hike lasted about half the night, being across country — no roads, only the 
compass to follow, and rain coming down in chunks. The line had hardly 
been reached by zero hour, so there was no rest to be had there. The 
Company followed the Infantry over on a nine kilometer advance that day, 
and reached the town of Youcq, built a 19-foot artillery bridge under heavy 
fire — two men killed and a number wounded. Just at dusk, orders were 
received to go on a forward marchi to the vicinity of Sedan. The hike 
lasted all night, and the Division was in a position to capture Sedan, if they 
had not been stopped by the Armistice. 

"From Sedan to Coblenz, Germany, Captain Smith, with the whole First 
Division, hiked all the way, and is now* with the Army of Occupation, keep- 
ing 'The Watch on the Rhine.' 

"The valourous deeds, performed with such undaunted courage by 
Captain Smith, should make the City of Petersburg proud that such a son 
went forth, from her gates to champion the cause of right, and help bring 
lasting peace to the world." 

Captain B. V. M. LaRUE, Class 189G. Prom New York City. 
355th Infantry, 89th Division, A. E. F. 
Commissioned Captain, 355th Infantry, August 15, 1917. 



190 Virginia Military Institute — World AVae Eecoed 

Sailed for France with liis Division and participated with, it in all its 
actions, being wounded in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. He was, later, 
stricken with influenza followed by pneumonia, and died in the Service in 
France (date not known). 

rit is regretted that the full details of his service have not been fur- 
nished by his family. They have been several times asked for.] 

Captain ALFRED DICKINSON BARKSDALE, Class 1911. From Virginia. 
Company "M," 116th Infantry, 29th Division, A, E. F. 

As 1st Lieutenant of the "Lynchburg Musketeers" (later known as Com- 
pany "L," 1st Virginia Infantry), he spent about six months on the Mexican 
Border. Recalled into Federal Service, his Company (commanded by G. M. 
Alexander, Graduate, V. M. I., Class 1909, who, later, became Major of the 
First Battalion) was stationed at Camp McClellan, and from there it went 
overseas. He landed at Brest, early in June, 1918, and reached the front, 
the last of September, and received his baptism of fire, near the village 
of Samogneux, October 8. "Of the following twenty-one days," he wrote, 
"it would be a waste of time to try to write anything; it is beyond me to 
try to describe it in writing, but it taught me just what a man can do, 
if he wants to. I would never have believed it possible for men to go 
through v/hat our men did. But they did it, and we took every objective 
assigned to us, and held all we took." 

At the beginning of the engagement, on October 8, he was fourth in 
command of his battalion; but in a few minutes Major Opie (son of an 
"Old Cadet" of the V. M. I.) lost two fingers, and had to retire; Captain 
Robert Y. Conrad (V. M. I. Graduate) was killed, and the other Captain was 
shell-shocked; thus putting Captain Barksdale in command of the battalion, 
which position he retained until the close of the active flighting. 

His Company was devoted to him. One .of them wrote: 

"As one of these Virginia lads would fall, you would see that Captain 
on his knees, binding up his wounds, and ever his words would be^ — 'Courage, 
boys!' There never was an hour but that he had a kind word for his men. 
He was a father and a commander, too, and he trusted in his Lord, and was 
carried through what men call hell. He went out, in danger of his own 
life, to help a dying or wounded man, and God brought him safely through 
it all." 

Captain Barksdale was next in action near Molleville, October 12, and 
again October 15, in the Bois de Grand Montagne. He was awarded the 
"D. S. C," and the Citation was in these words: 

"Alfred D. Barksdale, Captain, 116th Infantry. 

"For repeated acts of extraordinary heroism, in action near Samogneux, 
France, October 8, 1918; near Mon.eville, France. October 12; and in the 
Bois de Grand, Montagne, France, October 15, 1918. Commanding a support 
Company, during the attack of October 8, Captain Barksdale discovered that 
his battalion had advanced ahead of the unit on the right flank, and was 
suffering heavy losses from machine-gun flre. Without orders, he attacked 
and captured the guns, taking many prisoners. On October 12, he worked 
for over an hour, exposed to a terrific bombardment, binding the wounds 
of hip men. On October 15, he advanced alone into ai thick wood, and, with 
the aid of his pistol, put out of action a destructive machine-gun which was 
pouring such a deadly fire that his men could not raise their heads." 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 191 

The French Government, later, awarded him the "Croix de Guerre," 
and, still later, made him a Chevalier of the "Legion of Honour." 

All will unhesitatingly say that such valour as he displayed deserves 
the awarding of the "Medal of Honour" — the highest decoration within the 
gift of the United States, and it is hoped he will receive it yet. 

Captain GREENLEE D. LETCHER, Class 1886, "First Honour." 

From Virginia. 

Battery "F," 111th F. A., A. E. F. ("Rockbridge Battery.") 

As soon as War was declared, Greenlee Letch.er determined to volunteer 
for service in the field. Knowing his wish to enter the Service, the citizens 
of his County (Rockbridge, Virginia) requested him to organize a battery 
of artillery, to be known as the successor of the famous Confederate "Rock- 
bridge Battery," and to take command of it. He at once consented, and, in 
August, 1917, the battery was mobilized in Richmond. After some months 
spent at Camp McClellan, Alabama, the battery went to France, being known 
as Battery "F," 111th Field Artillery. It was thoroughly drilled in France, 
and was said to be the best trained battery in the brigade of which it formed 
a part. The officers and men were eager to get to the front line. In the 
early fall of 1918, it was moved nearer and nearer to the front; but it never 
reached its objective, the Armistice preventing. It was a sore disappoint- 
ment to the splendid battery, but all the members bore the disappointment 
like the good soldiers they were. In the Summer of 1919, the battery was 
demobilized. Its Captain, a distinguished lawyer, at the age of fifty (young- 
est son of Virginia's War Governor) had left his home and family, willing 
and ready to give his life for his Country, if there were need of the sacrifice. 
He is believed to have been the oldest Volunteer Line Officer in the American 
Army, and he was idolized by his men. 

Captain Letcher is the Commander of the Rockbridge Post, American 
Legion. 

Captain JAMES NEVILLE COCKE RICHARDS, Class 1914. From Virginia. 

26th (Regular) Infantry, Company "F," 1st Division, A. E. F. 
Killed in action near Soissons, France. Buried, July 21, 1918, where he fell. 
His remains were later interred in Plaisy Cemetery. 
[Letter from his Chaplain to his Wife.l 

"Headquarters, 26th Infantry, 

Oct. 28, 1918. 
"My dear Mrs. Richards: 

"At the request of *Major Youell, an old friend of your husband, and 
now commanding the battalion with which your husband served, I am send- 
ing him the map location of the grave of Captain Richards. 

"I was serving with the same (Second) Battalion before and during 
that battle. The last I saw of your husband alive was when we talked 
together in the woods in which we camped, the day before going forward 
to the attack. 

"Captain Richards was killed by a machine-gun bullet which struck him 
in the abdomen. His wound was dressed, but apparently he died before he 
could be carried to our Aid Station, a few hundred yards away. 



*Rice M. Youell, his V. M. I. Classmate, so distinguished in the War. 



192 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

"His battalion had gone over the top that morning, across a great 
National Highway, the Paris-Soissons Road. The German machine-gun fire 
was extremely severe, and we suffered heavily. 

"A detail of four soldiers was given me by Major Legge to bury Captain 
Richards and Lieutenant Boone. We buried your husband where he fell 
and marked the grave with a cross upon which his identification tag was 
placed. His personal effects, as I found them, were removed, and later 
placed in his bedding-roll. We endeavored to remove his ring, but found it 
impossible to do so, so we buried it with him. Records of the location of 
the grave were sent to the Adjutant General, American Expeditionary Forces, 
and to the Graves Registration Service; so his grave can be readily found 
after the War is over. 

"It was remarkable what a peaceful and spiritual expression was upon 
the face of Captain Richards. It did not seem as if he had suffered greatly, 
and we could fancy that he seemed well pleased to pay the supreme sacrifice 
upon the field of battle. 

"I have heard among the enlisted men and officers who knew your 
husband many, many remarks as to Captain Richard's nuiet thoughtfulness. 
his constant care for those under his command, his unfailing cheer, and his 
courage, and efficiency as a soldier and leader of men. His memory lives 
with us, and inspires us to emulate his devoted service to his Country. 

"We ask that you will accept our sincere sympathy for the burden of 
grief you bear; but we trust that your pride and joy in your husband's 
noble life and glorious death will enable you to bear his loss with courage. 

"May God strengthen and help you, and may the promise of our 
Saviour comfort you with the thought of meeting your husband in a better 
world. 

Sincerely yours, 

Robert Williams, 
Chaplain (Protestant), 26th Infantry." 

The copy of the General Order which contains his Citation reads as 
follows: 

"Secofid Brigade Headquarters, 

France, 2 August, 1918. 
"General Order No. 2. 

"1. The Brigade Commander cites the following officers and men for con- 
spicuous gallantry, during the operations, 18-23 July, near Soissons. 

(Extract.) 
"Captain J. N. C. Richards. 2Gth Infantry, during the attacks of July 
18 and 19, displayed marked courage, leadership and coolness in directing 
his men against machine-gun nests, and was killed, while leading his men 
in the third attack across the Paris-Soissons Road against machine-guns 
that were causing heavy losses." 

"War Department, 
The Adjutant General's Office, 

Washington, Dec. 2, 1918. 
"Mrs. J. N. C. Richards, 
Sewanee, Tenn. 

"Dear Madam: 

"This office has been advised by cable by the Commanding General, 
American Expeditionary Forces, that he has awarded the 'Distinguished 
Service Cross,' posthumously, to your husband. Captain J. N. C. Richards, 
2Cth Infantry, for displaying valorous leadership, throughout the attack on 
July 18, 1919, near Soissons, France, when he was killed, while charging 
Enemy machine-guns, at the head of his command. 

"The Quarter-Master General of the Army has been directed to cause the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 193 

'Distinguished Service Cross' to be forwarded to you, and it is believed that 
you will receive the same in a short time. 

Very respectfully, 

Ralph Harbison, 
Adjutant General." 
"R. H.: R. S." 

Captain Richards was of an English family of this name that came 
originally from France. On his mother's side he was a grandson of Captain 
H. H. Cocke, U. S. Navy, and Captain in the Confederate Navy; on his 
father's side he was a grandson of Major .James Russell Richards, of Vir- 
ginia. He was descended (on both sides) from twenty-two heroes who at 
different times bore arms in the defense of their Country. 

Captain Richards married Ada Nicoll Knight, only daughter of Right 
Rev. Albion W. Knight, Vice-Chancellor of the University of the South. He 
left one daughter, Elise Knight Richards. 

Captain EDWARD TAYLOR DAVANT, Class 1911. From Virginia. 

315th Machine-Gun Battalion, 80th Division, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned Captain of Infantry at Fort Myer, August 15, 
1917, and was assigned to the 318th Infantry, at Camp Lee, August 27, 
He was transferred to the 314th Machine-Gun Battalion, September 15, 1917, 
and on February 20, 1918, he was transferred to the 315th Machine-Gun 
Battalion. On May 19, 1918, he sailed for France with Ms Battalion. He 
served as second in command of the baitalion, until April 28, 1919, when 
he was transferred to the ofRce of Post Commandant, American Embarka- 
tion Centre, Le Mans, France, as Port Inspector. On June 18, 1919, he was 
transferred] to the Army Service Corps, and commanded the 9th Provisional 
Guard Company, until returned to the United States, September 19, 1919. 
He served in action with the British Expeditionary Force from July 26 to 
August 19, 1918. He was in the St. Mihiel Offensive, Sept. 12-15, 1918, and in 
the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, September 26-November 1, 1918. On November 
1, 1918, he was seriously wounded. 

The following Order attests to the manner in which this gallant officer 
served his Country: 

"Headquarters, 160th Infantry Brigade, 
American Expeditionary Forces, 

France, 15 May, 1919. 
"General Orders 
No. 3. 

(Extract Copy.) 
"3. Because of their special devotion to. duty, and their heroic conduct in 
action, it is the desire of the Brigade Commander to cite officially the 315th 
Machine-Gun Battalion: 

"Captain Edward T. Davant, North of Sommerance, France, the 1st 
November, 1918. Captain Davant's Company and the Infantry it was sup- 
porting, were held up by an Enemy resistance so fierce that the troops were 
on the point of falling back. Captain Davant, at this point, fearlessly ex- 
posed himself to a galling machine-gun fire, and, though wounded himself, 
re-organized the attack, and directed it successfully, heedless of his own 
wound, until the Enemy position was taken. 

By order of Brigadier General Brett, 

Wm. C. Vandewater, 
"A true copy." Captain, Infantry, Adjutant." 



194 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

While suffering from his wound, Captain Davant learned of the death of 
his wife from influenza followed by pneumonia, on October 16, 191S. Their 
marriage had occurred only a little over a year before he went overseas. 

Captain Davant is the youngest of four brothers — 'all ex-Cadets of the 
V. M. I., and three of them Graduates. One had died before the War; the 
others, Captain Henry AV. Davant and Lieutenant Charles R. Davant, were 
also in the Service, throughout the War. 

Captain Davant was honourably discharged from the Service, October 
8, 1919. 

Captain ATWELL THEiRON LINCOLN, Class 1897. From Mississippi, but 

later, a resident of St. Louis, Mo. 

o54th Infantry, 89th Division, A. E. F. 

Killed in action in France. 

Captain Lincoln first saw military service in the Spanish-American AVar, 
being a sergeant in the "Columbus (Miss.) Riflemen" which his father, 
Colonel C. L. Lincoln, commanded. 

He enlisted in the Officers' Training School at Fort Riley, in May, 1917, 
and was commissioned Captain in the following August, and was at once 
assigned to Camp Funston where he served as Regimental Adjutant, 354th 
Infantry, 89th Division, until in June, 1918, upon his request, he was trans- 
ferred to the line, as Captain of Company "B." He left for France, the 
latter part of June, 1918. Arrived in France, he was placed in command 
of a Machine-Gun Company. He was one month at the Machine-Gun School, 
and thien entered the front line trenches in command of a Machine-Gun 
Company. At about 2 P. M., September 18, 1918, he was killed in the fighting 
that followed the wiping out of the St. Mihiel Salient. He was buried at 
Xames, twelve and one-half miles Southwest of Metz. He left a widow who 
was Miss Annie Lou Porter, of St. Louis, and one son, Lee, aged three years. 
A brother. Lieutenant L. W. Lincoln, served in the U. S. Tank Corps in 
the World War. 

The details of Captain Atwell T. Lincoln's death in action were furnished 
by 1st Lieutenant Fred. W. Fickett, Jr., of his Company, as follows: 

"France, September 30. 1918. 

"Whatever information is given in this brief paper is not the evidence 
of eye-witnesses, but is the result of information obtained from several 
parties who were in position to know of the Captain's death and burial. 
On Monday afternoon, September 16, while I was in Bouillonville. attending 
to some matters relative to our Company Train (this, upon orders of Captain 
Lincoln), he received an order from Colonel Babcock, the Regimental C. O., 
requiring that our Company put four machine-guns in the front line trenches, 
which did not then exist, but which were to be established and dug. that 
night, by the 3rd Battalion. The order also stated that the position for 
these 4 guns should be chosen by the C. 0., M. G. Co. Captain Lincoln 
designated me to take command of the platoon; and so we went out across 
'No Man's Land' for 1,500 yards, that night, together. He chose the posi- 
tions, helped me to get the men started digging, issued final instructions, 
and th.en left, about midnight, for Beney. 

"The next day, Lieutenant Clancy, our second in command, returned 
from the Corps Machine-Gun School wMch he had been attending for a 
month; and, so, on the following night, September 17, Captain Lincoln and 
Lieutenant Clancy oame out to visit me, and to acquaint Lieutenant Clancy 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 195 

with the tactical situation. In the course of my conversation with the 
Captain, I jokingly asked about relief of my platoon, for I thought we had 
been 'hitting the ball' rather hard; and I was told by him that our only 
relief would be going fonvard. He then explained further by saying that 
another platoon of 4 guns was coming up the following night to take up 
positions in the front line, on my right. I did not talk with him much 
further. The next afternoon, shortly after dinner, Captain Lincoln, Lieu- 
tenant Clancy, Lieutenant Roderick (who was to command the platoon com- 
ing up that night), Sergeant Reagan (Platoon Sergeant), Sergeant Sindelar, 
and Private 1st Class Harbin (who was the Captain's orderly) left Beney, 
to reconnoiter the front line, looking for positions for the additional four 
guns. The Huns were shelling some, but not heavily. The party had little 
difficulty, and, having completed its reconnaissance, was making its way 
down the reverse slope, back of the front lines, along the little grove of pine 
trees there located, towards 3rd Battalion Headquarters. Captain Lincoln 
was leading the party. As he approached the corner of the woods ( indicated 
on the map), he was accosted by some Lieutenant, inquiring for informa- 
tion concerning the location of certain units. The other members of tha 
party, who had been separated by a considerable distance, closed up on the 
two. All were standing in this group, when a high explosive shell burst 
near them. Captain Lincoln and his orderly, Pvt. 1st Class Audley W. 
Harbin, were killed immediately. Lieutenant Roderick's leg was shot off. 
Lieutenant Clancy's knee cap was blown away, and Sgt. Reagan was seriously 
injured about the body. It appears that Captain Lincoln received the full 
force of th© explosion, for he was badly cut in several places on his back, and 
he is not known to have spoken a word after the accident. 

(Signed) Frrd. W. Fickett, Jr., 

1st Lieut, 354th Inf." 

Captain FREDERICK WILLIAM ADAMS, Class 1909. From Missouri. 
16th Infantry (Regular), First Division, A. E. F. 

At the completion of three months' training at the first 0. T. School, at 
Fort Riley, Kansas, he was commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Infantry. Sailed 
from Hoboken for France, Sept. 7, 1917. Attended Infantry Army School, 
B. E. F., at Hardelot, France, from Sept. 158 to Nov. 3, 1917. Reported to 
the C. O., 16th Infantry, Nov. 11, 1917, and was assigned to "B" Company. 
Placed on S. D., on Operations Section, 16th Inf., Nov. 15. Returned to duty 
with Company, Jan'y 15, 1918. Assigned to 1st Platoon. Brigade took over 
trench section on Toul Front. Jan'y 15 (Post at Xivray). Relieved March 
3, by Second Brigade. On April 14, 1918, took over sector in front of 
Montdidier, from French. May 2S, Cantigny taken by 28th Inf. 1st Division 
relieved July 7, by French. July 18. started attack near Soissons. July 19, 
automatically took command of Co. "E," after all other officers were casual- 
ties. Continued attack on July 19, 20, 21 and 22. Relieved on night of 
July 22-23, by a Scotch Division. Slightly wounded by shrapnel, July 20, 
but not evacuated. Casualties in Company evacuated— 5 out of 6 officers and 
141 out of 203 enlisted men (16 of the 203 had been left back in the kitchen, 
and were not engaged). 

Division took over Toul Sector, August 5, in front of Regnieville. 
August 15. ordered to return to the United States, to be assigned to a new 
Division, as Instructor. Landed, Hoboken, N. J., Sept. 9, 1918. Accepted 
commission as Captain, Infantry, U. S. A., Sept. 17, 1918 (commission dated 
July 30, 1918.) Assigned to 18th Division, 85th Infantry, at Camp Travis, 
Texas, Sept. 17. 1918. Assigned to Infantry Officers' School, Camp Lee, Va., 
March 1, 1918. 



196 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecoed 

Citation, and Award of D. S. C: 

"G. O. No. 125, W. D., Dec. 12, 1918. 

"1. By direction of the President, under the provisions of the Act of 
Congress approved July 9, 1918 (BuL 43, W. D., 1918), the 'Distinguished 
Service Cross' was awarded by the Commanding General, A. E. P., for extra- 
ordinary heroism in action in France, to the following-named officers and 
enlisted men of the American Expeditionary Forces and of the Allied 
Armies: * * * 

"Fred. W. Adams, First Lieutenant, 85th Infantry, 18th Division. 
For extraordinary heroism in action, near Soissons, France, July 22, 1918. 
"During the violent figh,ting of July 22, 1918, he distinguished himself 
by his courage, judgment and efficient leadership. After the strength of the 
regiment had been seriously reduced by losses, he took command of a large 
number of the remaining troops, disposed them, in effective positions, — walk- 
ing up and down the lines, under constant fire from the Enemy, and, by his 
example of coolness and bravery, inspired his men to hold the positions 
they had gained. 

"By order of the Secretary of War: 

Peyton C. March, 
General, Chief of Staff." 
"Official:" 

"J. T. Kerb, Adjutant General." 

This order was read, and the Distinguished Service Cross presented, in 
the presence of a large number of officers (Captain Adams being escorted 
by the 19th and 35th Infantry Regiments), by Brig. Gen. George H. Estes, 
Commander of tbie 18th Division, in front of Camp Headquarters, Camp 
Travis, at 9:30 o'clock, Saturday morning, Feb'y 8, 1919, the cross having 
been won by Captain Adams, while he was a Lieutenant with the 16th 
Infantry. 

Before pinning this coveted token of honour on Captain Adams, General 
Estes said: 

"Captain Adams, I esteem it a distinct honour that I am permitted to 
transmit to you this distinctive mark of appreciation and of gratitude of 
a great Nation for an act of heroism and unselfish devotion in her belialf. 
"As long as men are willing to forget self and all selfish interests, and 
are gladly willing to make the Supreme Sacrifice for their beloved Country, 
so long may we feel sure that their Country will not be interrupted on her 
march for the supreme and glorious heights of development to which her 
destiny points," 

Citation from Commander-in-Chief, French Armies, with the Croix de 
Guerre. 

"General Headquarters of the 
Armies of the North and North East, Staff, 

Personnel Bureau (Decorations). 
"Order No. 11,220-D." 

(Extract.) 
"With the approbation of the Commander-in-Chief of th© American Ex- 
peditionary Forces in France, the General Commander-in-Chief of the French 
Armies of the North and North East cites in the Order of the Army: * * * * 
"Lieutenant F. W. Adams, of the 16th Regiment, American Infantry. 
Has shown great presence of mind and courage in command of his com- 
pany, and has thus aided in the advance of his regiment, and in the estab- 
lishment of a new line. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 197 

"At General Headquarters, No-v ember 6, 1918. 

The General Commander-in-Chief, 

(Signed) Petain. 
"Original Extract: 

"The Lieutenant Colonel, 

Chief of Personnel Bureau." 
Captain Adams had two brothers also in the Service, and in the A. E. F.: 
Sergeant Calvert B. Adams and Private Walcott G. Adams. Captain Adams 
continues in the Service he has so greatly honoured. 

Captain ROBERT YOUNG CONRAD, Class 1905. From Virginia. 

Company "I," 116th Infantry, 29th Division, A. E. F. 

Mortally wounded in action In France. 

On June 19, 1916, the National Guard was called out, and Captain Conrad 

went to the Border with the Second Virginia Regiment, and was stationed 

at Brownsville, Tex., for eight months. The Second Virginia was mustered 

out of Service in February, 1917, but was called into Federal Service again 

in a few weeks. Captain Conrad, as commanding officer of Company "L," 

then did guard duty on the Southern and Norfolk and Western Railroads 

for five months, after which the Second Virginia was ordered to Camp Mc- 

Clellan, Anniston, Ala., and there became a part of the Twenty-ninth, or 

"Blue and Gray" Division. After nine months' training, the regiment sailed 

for France, June 15, 1918. 

[Letters from two of his Lieutenants:! 

"Captain Greenlee D. Letcher, 

Battery 'F,' 111th F. A., A. E. F. 

"At your request, it gives me pleasure to write of my C. O., Captain 
Robert Y. Conrad, Co. 'I,' 116th Inf., A, E. F. I was one of his Second 
Lieutenants, and was from Newark, N. J., of the 'BlUie and Gray' Division. 
I either served immediately under him, or with him. in the 116th Infantry, 
from May 1 1918, and I knew him well, and admired him greatly. A fine 
big fellow and every inch a man and a soldier. Loved by all his men who 
expressed their confidence in him by saying they would follow him through 
Hell, and they would, and they did. 

"In the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Captain Conrad's Company was m 
the thick of it, being assaulting Company, the first day. 

"Captain Conrad was shot through the head, leading his men, on the 
morning of October 8, 1918, between nine and ten o'clock, at the Enemy's 

third line trenches. ^ , -, <. u„„„v,ri 

"In the violence of their assault, they (his Company) had swept beyond 
the objective set for them, and, at the third line trench, met a murderous 
machine-gun fire, and Captain Conrad fell mortally wounded. 

"His men gave him first aid, and German prisoners (captured by his 

Comoanv) carried him to the rear. , ^ ^ . a 

"Private I. Allemange of his Company told me that the Captain urged 

his men to go forward, saying: 'Don't bother with me^ Go ahead! He 

d ^d the same day at Gloneux, in sight of Verdun, to the Sonth-west 

"He was shot in the Bois Brabant-Sur-Meuse. I write these details as 
they werTgiven to me. I was at the time on Detached Service at Grondue 
Courtl With this letter I give you a photograph of Captain Conraa's grave, 
made by me o\ the 24th of March. And I also give you the -gat-e, as you 
desire to have an enlargement made, to present to theV. M. I. where Captain 
Conrad received his military education. The School should be proud of him, 
anSiVist pleasure to me to write this remembrance of my Captain Conrad. 

Yours, &c., 

Harry A. Douglass, 
2nd Lt., 116th Inf., 29th Div." 



198 ViRGiisriA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

"Our Captain, Robert Young Conrad, commanding Company I, 116th 
Infantry, a man's man, beloved by all wbo knew him! Time after time, his 
men spoke of him, saying they would follow him through Hell. With his 
face to the fo€, he fell upon the Field of Honour, mortally wounded, while 
leading his men forward toward the Enemy's third line trenches, the morning 
of the 8th of October, 1918. His Company was the assaulting Company, on 
the right. As the hour approached, he was among his men speaking words 
of cheer. 

"At the first gun, the shrill blast of his whistle started the men forward 
across 'No Man's Land' toward the German lines. He was like a boy at a 
picnic, going hither and thither, encouraging here and driving there. On 
and on he led them, until the objective was almost reached — when a murder- 
ous stream of machine-gun fire from the Bois-Brabant-Sur-Meuse temporarily 
haulted his men. Undaunted, fearless, he passed among them; gathering 
them together, he led them forward, until he fell mortally wounded. Hur- 
riedly, he was evacuated to the rear by German prisoners captured by his 
men, and a noble effort was made to save his life. 

',The Supreme Sacrifice was made, and an American Hero sleeps on 
the sunny fields of Franca 

HAKttLD C. DiNGrss, 
1st Lt, Co. 'I,' 116th Infantry." 

His young wife wrote: 

''It makes me so happy to hear of his beautiful deeds; he was always 
helping some one and mostly by the example of his happy, trustful nature. 
His mother sent me the last three letters he wrote her, and in one of them 
he says: 'All old people will have me for a friend forever. I never saw 
one that I remember who couldn't teach me something, and very, very few 
\vb.o were not very kind and very generous.' Isn't it strange that he should 
write that, just as you tell me about his stand for General Shipp? 

"He only taught me 'the glory of the trenches,' and, so, that is all I have 
ever been able to see, and I know he is content." 

The "Distinguished Service Cross" was awarded to him, posthumously, 
by direction of the President, through the Commanding General, A. E. F., 
with the Citation as follows: 

"Robert Y. Conrad, Captain. llGth Iiifantry. 

"For extraordinary heroism in action near Samogneux, France, Octo- 
ber 8, 1918. 

"Captain Conrad led his Company in assault, capturing many prisoners 
and machine-guns. He continually inspired his men by utter disregard of 
danger, and was mortally wounded, while leading a charge on a machine- 
gun nest." 

A daughter was born to Captain and Mrs. Conrad, after his death, and 
has been named for her father, and will be called "Robbie." 

"In Mkmoriam." 

"Robert Young Conrad, Captain, Co. 'I,' 116th Infantry, killed in action 
October 8, 1918. 

"They tell me with solemn pride that you have fallen on the field of 
battle, that you are counted among those countless thousands who have 
died to make men free. When you took your place in that Valhalla where 
the heroes are, the bells were tolled, and a gold star shines to you in per- 
petual remembrance. I know that you are dead; and, yet, across that 
twilight land, between the land of the real and the shadowy realm of souls, 
your Spirit comes, and seems to hover near me, and I who loved you as a 
brother can hear your voice across the chasm of Eternity. You were 
fashioned by your Creator to be a Soldier. He gave to you a strong and 
virile body; He made you quick of mind and eye; He set the seal of valour 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 199 

in your heart, and dowered your soul with tb,e nobility of high courage; He 
breathed into your being a spirit that the fiery test of War was powerless 
to break; and He held before your eyes the shining vision that Crusaders see. 

"Your hour of glorv came upon a battlefield in France; and when you 
fell, you stood face to face with the Enemy of Mankind, with your devoted 
men behind you. , ^ , r j.i,„ + 

"You made the Supreme Sacrifice within a few short weeks of that 
wonderful day when Peace burst upon the World like a dazzlmg light from 
Heaven; when the thunder of the guns was heard no more; when men no 
longer killed on land and sea and in the air; when the world was purged at 
last of that unspeakable monster that sought to destroy mankind. Your ears 
could not hear the mighty acclaim that rose from earth to Heaven; your 
heart could not feel the wild joy that filled men's souls. But your blood 
was shed, so that the! blessed boon of peace might oome to restore^ and 
purify a distracted world, and you did not die in vam. With your lif e-a " 
you had to give-you helped put out the fires of Hell, and mothers of men. 
and little children, will bless your name forever! . , ^ 

"Wearing the uniform upon which you brought such signal honour, you 
sleep somewhere in the soil of France: and the spot where you lie is en- 
shrined in imperishable glory. High up in Heaven your heroic soul takes 
its place among those who fought and died for faith and Country; the flag 
vou defended with your life gains added lustre because of your deed; and 
your name is written in luminous letters upon the scrolls ot the Nation s 
Immortal Dead. D B C" 

"Life brought him joy his brief years through, 

And love and hope beside him kept; 
Then, like a cry the bugles blew. 

And straight his answer leapt. 

"At the first throbbing drum he turned, 

His face set for the long, long quest; 
The spirit of his fathers burned, 

A white star, in his breast. 

"Sweet are the dreams of Peace and Y'outh, 

But when the skies grew black with strife 
He counted comfort less than truth, 

And honour' more than life. 

"Death waited in the smoking ways. 

But he — he would not be denied. 
What can we speak but perfect praise? 

What can we know but pride? 

"So young, so strong, so gladly giving! 

Life loved him from his earliest breath; 
Yet, there are gladder things than living. 

And sadder things than death. 

"The Golden Years will write his story, 

And men shall mark the way he trod — 
Who gave his manhood in its glory, ^^ 

For Freedom, and for God. N. B. T. 

Captain WILLIAM LOHMEYER, JK., Class 1916, "First Honour." 
From West Virginia. 
Corps of Engineers, U. S. A., A. E. P. 
This is one of the most pathetic cases, among all V. M. I. men founded 



200 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

in the War. Full details are still lacking, but enough is known to give the 
salient facts. 

Early in the War he volunteered at one of the Officers' Training Schools 
where, in due time, he was graduated with honour, and commissioned a 
First Lieutenant of Engineers. Soon, he was promoted to a Captaincy, and, 
later, transferred to the Regular Army, Corps of Engineers, and went to 
France. On July 19, 1918, near Chateau Thierry, he received a wound which 
proved very serious. For months, the reports from the Hospital gave little, 
if any, encouragement. In France, those V. M. I. Comrades, who could do 
so, visited him. One wrote that he was in a. "desperate condition," and he 
feared would never recover. Operation after operation was performed, and, 
month after month, he remained in the Hospital — till, finally, he was brought 
back to th.is Country. At last, came reports that he had undergone four 
operations, and there was some hope that he would get well. His father 
wrote, as late as September 16, 1919: 

"My son, Captain William Lohmeyer, Jr., Corps of Engineers, was 
wounded, July 19, 1918, near Chateau Thierry, in the drive which was 
started on July 18. He was struck in the leg by a fragment of shell which 
passed through both bones and lodged in the calf of the leg. He was brought 
back to this Country, arriving in December, 1919 (five months after re- 
ceiving his wound), after having been operated on three times in France. 
He was taken to Base Hospital, at Gamp Sherman, Ohio, where a fourth 
operation was performed in May, 1919, and, later, was brought to his home 
City Hospital. In August, he was returned to Camp Sherman. He is still 
in the Service, being in the Engineer Corps, Regular Army; and, unless 
he is discharged, or retired for permanent disability, he expects to remain 
in the Service. We have great hopes now that his leg will eventually be 
as well as ever, but, at the present time, he is quite lame, although he 
manages to get along with a cane. The Surgeon who performed the last 
operation is a local man who has a personal, as well as professional, in- 
terest in him, and he assures me that my boy will get well. I sincerely trust 
so, as he is all we have.'' 

Like the gallant Engineers generally, Lohmeyer distinguished himself 
in action — where the danger was greatest, always in the front line where his 
duties required him to be, or, more strictly speaking, in advance of the 
front line. No obstacle, or difficulty, or danger held him back. 

There is no record of his having been decorated, but he should have been. 

Captain WILLIAM HENRY HUMPHREYS, Class 1915. From Virginia. 

Company "L," 5Sth Infantry, A. E. F. 

Killed in action in France. 

On November 30, 1916, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. A. 

He was stationed at Fort Leavenworth, until the following April, graduating 

there at the Training School. He was transferred to Brownsville, Texas, 

and was on Border Service until some time in June, 1917, when bis regiment 

was ordered to the Camp at Gettysburg, Pa., where it remained until early 

in the following winter, and then moved to winter quarters at Camp Greene, 

near Charlotte, N. C. In the early Spring of 1918, his regiment was ordered 

to Camp Mills, N. Y., preparatory to embarkation for France. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 201 

On May 10, the transport carrying his regiment, and other troops for 
overseas service, sailed and had an uneventlul voyage. 

Captain Humphreys went into action first in the Chateau Thierry Sector 
and was wounded in the leg on July 18, 1918. But in two weeks he waa 
back with his regiment as Regimental Adjutant in which position he served 
until September 30 when he was assigned as Second in Command of the 
3rd Battalion of the 58th Infantry, forming the front and assaulting line. 
On October 3 he was placed in Command of the Assaulting Company (Co. 
"L"). In the early morning of October 4, he led a detachment from Com- 
pany "L," in search of hidden machine-guns in the Argonne Forest. One of 
these machine nests fired upon his detachment, while it was passing a small 
clearing (which could not be avoided), and he and every one of his sixteen 
men were killed. (This was October 4, and not the 5, as stated in the official 
Army report from the A. E. F.) 

Lieutenant Morrow, of Captain Humphreys's Company, wrote of his 
conduct at Chezy, France, in the battle of Chateau Thierry, as follows: 
"He continued to lead his company, though wounded, meriting the praise of 
his Regimental Commander, Colonel Armistead." He further wrote: "Cap- 
tain Humphreys represented a type of officer all-American. His leadership, 
backed by his valour, was an inspiration to his men, and an example to his 
brother officers." 

Lieutenant Robert A. Bringham, of the Machine-Gun Company of the 
58th Infantry, wrote: "The fearlessness and aggressiveness of Captain Hum- 
phreys in leading his men had much to do with the success of the first day's 
fighting at Chateau Thierry. He, with Captain Johns (in command of Co. 
'F') fought their way forward with pistols, advancing in front of their Com- 
panies, and pulling their men with them by word and example. It was 
magnificent leadership." 

Lieutenant Colonel Max B. Garber, after detailing the manner of his 
death, said of him: "Captain Humphreys was an able and efficient officer, 
and had endeared himself to all the regiment. Every one Joins me in ex- 
pressions of sympathy." 

General John J. Pershing, Commander-in-Chief, A. E, F.,- made the fol- 
lowing announcement: 

"In memory of William H. Humphreys, Captain, 58th Infantry, who 
was killed in battle, October 4, 1918. 

"He bravely laid down his life for the cause of his Country. His name 
will ever remain fresh in the hearts of his friends and comrades. The 
record of his honourable service will be preserved in the archives of the 
American Expeditionary Forces, 

John J. Pershing, 
Commander-in-Chief." 

And President Wilson graciously noticed in the Certificate below the 
death of our hero: 
"Army of the United States of America. 

"To all who see these presents. Greeting: 

"This is to certify that William H. Humphreys, Captain of Infantry, died 
with honour in the service of his Country, on the fifth (fourth) day of 
October, 1918. 



202 Virginia Military Institute — Wokj-d War Eecord 

"Given at Washington, D. C, Office of the Adjutant General of the 
Army, this 18th day of July, 1919. 

The Adjutant General." 

There is apparently an error in the date of Captain Humphreys's death 
given by the Commander-in-Chief. It seems quite well established that it was 
the 4th, and not the 5th, of October. The sister of one of the detachment 
killed (George F. Jones, Company "L" 's Clerk) wrote the mother of 
Captain Humphreys that her brother was the last one seen with him; that 
Captain Kingwell was ordered to Company "L," on Oct. 7, and found only 
a handful of men fighting hand to hand with bayonets and pistols; there 
■were no officers left in the Company. So, he united ihe remnants of Go. "L" 
with Co. "M," and fought on. He reported that Humphreys and Jones were 
missing on the 7th; they were thought then to have been captured; but he 
learned, later, that they were killed on the 4th. Mrs. Humphreys's corre- 
spondent wrote that her sister had written her as follows: 

"Captain Kingwell is now at home. I have not as yet seen him, but 
F. and E. have. He thinks he remembers our brother. He said Captain 
Humphreys v;as a fine young fellow, always finely groomed; never dirty, 
although no one could see how he kept so clean; when the other men were 
covered with mud, he was as clean as could be. He had plenty of nerve, grit. 
He Avas a fine soldier, and never sent a corporal or sergeant out with orders 
that he should have given himself. He said that the expedition he went on 
vfas most dangerous. He took sixteen men. All were killed. George (their 
brother) was one of them. They were all very young and brave, and saved 
a good many others by doing as they did, for they killed many Huns. Captain 
Kingwell says they certainly were heroes." 

Captain JAMES EDWARD COLE, JR., Class 1917. From Virginia. 

61st (Regular) Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 
Graduated, Fort Myer first 0. T. School, August 15, 1917. Commis- 
sioned 2nd Lieut. U. S. A. (Provisional) as ."Honour Graduate Appointee," 
V. M. I., October 25, 1917. 1st Lieut. (Provisional), Oct. 25. 1917. Captain 
(Temporary), Oct. 12, 1918. 

He participated in the defense of the following sectors: Arnould Sector, 
June 27 to July 4, 1918; St. Die Sector, July 10 to Aug. 14, 1918. 

He participated in t-he following Offensives: St. Mihiel Offensive, Sept. 
12 to 17, 1918; Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Oct. 12 to 25, 1918. 

He received two Citations for exceptional gallantry from General Officers: 
one during the St. Mihiel and the other during the Meuse Argonne Offensive. 

He continues in the Service 

A brother. Alumnus of the V. M. I., gallantly served with the Marines 
in France. 

•Captain HAROLD B. TYREE, Class 1915. From West Virginia. 
Commanding Company "H," 59th (Regular) Infantry, 4th Division, A. E. F. 

He entered the Service, May 15, 1917, at Fort Sheridan first Officers' 
Training Camp. Commissioned Captain, August 15, 1917, and assigned to 
the 33Sth Infantry, 85th Division, Commanding Company "F," September, 
1917. Sailed for France with his Division. Advance detachment to Tactical 
School at Chatillon, Cote d'Or, July, 1918, five weeks. Returned to his 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 203 

Division in September. Transferred to Company "H," 59tli Infantry, 4th 
(Regular) Division, October, 1918. In the severe fighting in the Meuse- 
Argonne Offensive throughout October. Transferred after Armistice to 3rd 
Army Headquarters, Coblenz, Germany, December, 1918. Assistant to Pro- 
vost Marshal. Left Germany, February, 1919. Arrived in United States, 
April 15, 1919, and discharged two days later. 

Now in Research Department, The Detroit Edison Company, Detroit, 
Michigan. 

Heme. 1417 Gth Avenue, Huntington, W. Va. 

Captain EUGENE HENDERSON, JR., Class 1912. From Arkansas. 
Commanding Company "C," 312th Ammunition Train, 87th Division, A. E. F. 

He entered the Officers' Training Camp, Fort Logan H. Roots, May 11, 
1917. Commissioned Captain, Infantry, August 15, 1917, and assigned to 
Company "C," 312th Ammunition Train, 87th Division, which he commanded 
until February 12, 1919. 

He sailed for overseas service, August 23, 1918, and was in all tie 
actions of his Division. 

From February 12 to July 19, 1919, he served as Camp Provost Marshal 
at Bordeaux Embarkation Camp. Sailed for United States, July 19, 1919, 
and was discharged, August 26, 1919. 

Captain WITHERS ALEXANDER BURRESS, Class 1914. From Virginia. 
23rd Infantry, 2nd Division, A. E. F. 

After taking a competitive examination in August, 1916, he was com- 
missioned 2nd' Lieutenant, Infantry, to date from November 28, 1916. 

January 1, 1917, he reported for duty at Fort Leavenworth,, Kansas, 
for the three months' course for Provisional Officers at that Army School. 
April 1, 1917, he completed the course at Leavenworth, and was assigned 
to duty with the 23rd U. S. Infantry, at El Paso, Texas. April 1-June 1, 1917, 
on duty with 23rd Infantry as 2nd Lieutenant, "L" Co. 

June 1, 1917, the Regiment moved to Syracuse, N. Y., and he was as- 
signed to the 49th Infantry, having received his promotion to 1st Lieutenant 
(49th was 3) new Regiment, formed from the 23rd Infantry). 

June 1-Aug. 25, 1917, commanding Co. "L," 49th Infantry, and Battalion 
Adjutant, 1st Battalion, 49th Infantry. 

August 25, 1917, transferred back to 23rd Infantry, as Captain (Tempo- 
rary), in command of Hdqrs. Company. 

September 7, 1917, sailed for France with 23rd Infantry. Sept. 21, 
1917, arrived at St. Nazaire, France. After a week there, his regiment was 
moved to the Training Area in the Department of the Vosges, and it re- 
mained there in billets and training until the end of February at which time 
his regiment went into line with the French., between Verdun and St. Mihiel, 
in a sector known as the Troyon Sector, Here he was made Operations 
Officer of his regiment, in addition to his duties as C. O., Hdqrs. Co., 23rd Inf., 
2nd Division. 

He remained in this sector until the middle of May. May 15-30, 1918, 
in training with regiment at Robert Espargne and Claumont-en-Vexin (near 
Paris). 



204 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

June 1 to July 10, in line, N. W. of Chateau Thierry — Regimental 
Sector from Bomasche (inclusive) to Le Thiolet. Took part in engage- 
ment here of the 23rd Infantry, 2nd Division, A. E. F., as Operations Officer, 
and C. O. Hdqrs. Co., as well as taking part in the "Vaux attack" which 
was in a sector of the 9th Infantry. July 10-July 16, in reserve with 2nd 
Division, near La Prierte-Sous-Janavie. July 18-20, Operations Officer, C. O., 
Hdqrs. Co., and C. O., Company "I," 23rd Infantry, 2nd Division, in what was 
known as Counter-Offensives of July 18, South of Soissons. His regiment 
went over the top at Chauvigny, Vierzy and Tigny, July 20 to Aug. 1, 1918, 
with 2nd Division in Reserve. Two weeks in August in the "Marpache 
Sector," near Pont-a-Mousson, North of Nancy. Sept. 12-15, St. Mihiel Of- 
fensive, as Operations Officer and C. 0., HdqrSL Co., 23ni Inf., 2nd Division. 
Oct. 7 to Jan'y 1, 1919, Army School of the line, Longres, France. Jan'y 1- 
Nov. 2, 1919, on duty with Visitors Bureau, G. Z. E., G. H. Q., A. E. F. at Paris, 
conducting distinguished visitors over Battlefields. Returned to U. S. Nov. 9, 
1919, and assigned to 16th U. S. Infantry, Camp Taylor, Ky. 

Decorations: La Solidaridad (Panama Gov't); Chevaliera di Coronna 
D' Italia; Mexican Border Campaign; "Victory" Medal with 4 bronze stars. 
Recommended in August, 1918, for promotion by Col. Paul B. Malone, C. O., 
23rd Infantry. (This promotion was prevented by the Armistice coming 
so soon.) 

Captain Burress is the eldest of four brothers in the World War, one 
of them, Lieutenant Jack W. Burress (V. M. I.), having been very seriously 
wounded. 

Captain RICHARD J. MARSHALL, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
5th and 6th F. A., A. E. F. 
Commissioned 2nd Lt., Field Artillery, Nov. 28, 1916. Commissioned 
1st Lt., Field Artillery, as of same date. Assigned to 8th Field Artillery, 
and placed on detached service at Provisional Officers' School, Ft. Leaven- 
worth, Kansas, Jan'y 1, 1917. Joined 8th Field Artillery at El Paso, Texas, 
on April 2, 1917. Transferred to 14th Field Artillery, Ft. Sill, Okla., May 
5, 1917. Transferred to 8th. Field Artillery, Douglas, Ariz., June 14, 1917. 
Left Douglas, Ariz., en route, duty overseas, with 6th Field Artillery, 
July 20, 1917. Sailed from Port of Embarkation, Hoboken, N. J., July 28, 
1917. Landed in France, Aug. 13, 1917, and went into training with 6th 
Field Artillery at Valdahon, France. Commissioned Temporary Captain, 
Field Artillery, Aug. 5, 1917. Assigned to duty as Instructor of Field Artil- 
lery at Coetquidan, Prance, Oct. 8, 1917. Commissioned Provisional Captain, 
Field Artillery, Oct. 12, 1917. Relieved, and assigned to duty, 6th Field 
Artillery, Feb. 8, 1918. First tour at the front was spent in the Defensive 
Sector, Northwest of Toul. Relieved from 6th Field Artillery, and assigned 
to instruction duty, about March 1, 191S. Re-assigned to 6th Field Artillery, 
Aug. 14, 1918. Re-joined the 6th Field Artillery, about Aug. 14, 1918, in 
the Saizerais Sector. (6th Field Artillery was a part of the 1st Field Artil- 
lery Brigade wh,ich was a part of the 1st Division.) Commanded Battery 
"B," 6th Field Artillery, in the Saizerais Sector, St. Mihiel Offensive, and 
in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Wounded, Nov. 1, 1918, by fragments of a 
high explosive shell. In Hospital until about March 1, 1919, when he re- 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 205 

joined the 6th Field Artillery, at Ransbach, Germany. Sick in Hospital at 
Coblenz, from about April 1 to May 6. Ordered home as Casual Oificer, 
about May 10, 1919. Sailed from Brest, May 31, 1919, arriving in New York 
on June 15, 1919. Since that time he has been assigned to duty in the 
Construction Division, Washington, D. C. Commission as Provisional Officer 
made permanent, about July 1, 1919. 

Previous to his service in the Regular Army, he was 1st Lieutenant and 
Battalion Adjutant in the National Guard, serving on the Border, during 
the Summer of 1916. 

Captain Marshall is a nephew of Brigadier General Richard C. Marshall, 
Jr., U. S. A., of the Class of 1898. He continues in the Service. 

Captain JAMES ANDERSON NICHOLS, JR., Class 1910. From Virginia. 
179th Infantry Brigade, A. E. F. 
Commissioned Captain, F. A., Camp Benjamin Harrison, November 27, 
1917. Captain and Adjutant, 344th F. A., 165th Brigade, 90th Division, 
Dec. 15, 1917-March 1, 1918. Captain and Adjutant, 345th F. A. (6", or 
M. M., Howitzer Regiment), 165th Brigade, 90th Division, March 1-April 
15, 1918. Student Liaison Officer. Sailed from New York to Liverpool, 
May 6, 1918. Attaclred to 20th Division in Marne Offensive, S. W. Rheims, 
in July, 1918. Captain and Adjutant, on special duty with 179th Infantry 
Brigade, St. Mihiel, Sept. 10-October 2. Captain, on special duty with 179th 
Infantry Brigade, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, Oct. 10-Nov. 11, 1918. Captain 
and Adjutant, 345th F. A., 165th Brigade, 90th Division, Third American 
Army of Occupation in Germany, Nov. 12, 1918-Feb'y 1, 1919. Acting Bat- 
talion Commander, 2nd Battalion, 345th F. A., 90th Division, Third Army 
in Germany, Feb'y 1-May 27, 1919. Sailed from St. Nazaire, May 27, 1919. 
Arrived, New York, June 8, U. S. S. Kentuckian. Discharged, July 2, 1919, 
at Camp Zachary Taylor, Louisville, Ky. Wounded slightly, near Rheims, 
July, 1918; wounded slightly, St. Mihiel, Sept., 1918; wounded slightly, near 
Stenay, Oct., 1918. Recommended for "D. S. C." 

Captain GEORGE FISHER DASHIELL, Class 1919. From Virginia. 

Commanding M. G. Company, 11th (Regulars) Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 

Killed in action in France. 

Captain Harry G. Dashiell, elder brother of the subject of this notice, 
wrote the Historiographer of the V. M. I., thus briefly giving the sad story 
of his death: 

"Smithfield, Va., July 28, 1919. 

"My father has handed me your letter requesting the details of my 
brother George's death in France. 

"He enlisted in the first Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer, Va., in 
the spring of 1917. At the end of three months he was commissioned a 
Provisional Second Lieutenant of Infantry and assigned to the 11th Regi- 
ment, stationed at Chickamauga Park, Ga. He had elected the Regular 
Army, rather than a First Lieutenancy in the Reserve Corps. 

"For a few months, he was attached to 'B' Company, and wa? then re- 
assigned to the Regimental Machine-Gun Company. He was promoted to 
First Lieutenant about April, 1918, continuing in the Machine-Gun Com- 
pany. 

The 11th Infantry was assigned to the 5th Division, and sailed in 
April or May. It entered a quiet sector in the Vosges, upon its arrival 



2C6 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

overseas. Later, it was in the St. Mihiel drive and savir strenuous service 
around Thiacourt. 

"George was promoted to a Captaincy on October 4, 1918, and given 
command of the Machine-Gun Company. I was with him for about three 
days, at that time, just before his Division went into the Argoane. He 
went in about October 5th and stayed in during ten days of severe fight- 
ing. He tlien came out and rested two days, when I saw him again. His 
Regiment then went back into the line and stayed until November 11th. 
My Artillery Brigade was supporting his Infantry, at that time. (My 
Division (3d) had gone out to recuperate and replace losses, while the 
Artillery stayed on the front.) 

"George was killed about 2 P. M., November 10th. His Regiment had 
reached its daily objective, and he had stationed his machine-guns, and was 
inspecting them, (some of them were in the attic of the church in the 
town of Remaiville, near Souppy), and just as he had reached the ground 
an enemy shell of large calibre fell just in front of him. Two or thiee 
others were also killed by the same shell. 

"I visited the Regimental Headquarters the next day and obtained the 
details from one of his junior officers, and the Chaplain who buried him." 

This superb young Officer was most highly esteemed. He had shown such 
efficiency and gallantry, while commanding his Company in the terrific 
fighting in the St. Mihiel Sector, that he was advanced to its Captaincy, 
receiving his merited promotion just as his regiment entered the Argonne. 

Throughout all those strenuous days he had been conspicuous for 
valour and utter disregard of danger and his escape from death seemed all 
but miraculous. But, alas! within a few hours of the time set for the 
cessation of hostilities a stray shell did its fell work, and his heroic spirit 
took its flight to its celestial home and was re-united to the many other 
like spirits, who on earth had been his beloved comrades in the bonds of 
V. M. I. 

Captain HARRY GARLAND DASHIELL, Class 1911. From Virginia. 
3d Ammunition Train, 3d Division, A. E. F. 

This Graduate was an Electrical Engineer, in the employment of the 
Western Electric Company, in Chicago, when war came. 

He immediately volunteered for the duration of the War and was com- 
missioned a Captain. He was assigned to the command of the 3d Ammuni- 
tion Train of the 3d Division. He sailed for France with his Division and 
served with great gallantry and distinction in all its actions, returning 
home unscathed after the Armistice. 

He was an elder brother of Captain George F. Dashiell above. 

Captain F. TRAVERS WOOD, Class 1904. From Virginia. 
Engineers, U. S. A. 
Who can estimate the debt the World owes the United States En- 
gineers? 

The V. M. I. furnished a goodly number of Officers to this important 
branch of the Service, all of whom covered themselves with gloi-y and 
honour. They served abroad and at home, and those who missed the glory 
of the battlefield deserve equal praise with their more fortunate brothers 
who were ordered to the front. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 207 

One of these accomplished officers is the subject of this special notice. 

Captain Wood volunteered, and was commissioned in the Engineers, 
U. S. A., in June, 1917, and was assigned to tempor;iTy duty in the con- 
struction of Camp Lee, Virginia, as Engineer Officer in charge of Construction 
Work. He was engaged in this duty until February, 1918, when he was 
ordered to Washington, and given charge of construction work on four pro- 
jects, near that City, for about four months After this he was ordered to 
Denver, Colorado, and put in charge of the Construction of U. S. Hospital 
No. 21. This Hospital cost approximately $5,000,000; the buildings are of 
permanent construction, being of concrete and tile, and the plant comprises 
one hundred and twenty buildings in all. It was intended for the housing 
and treatment of soldiers having tuberculosis. On the completion of this 
work. Captain Wood was ordered to return to Washington, and was then 
transferred to San Antonio, Texas, in March, 1919, with the rank of Major, 
Quartermaster Corps. He did not accept this commission, and applied for 
immediate discharge, to take up his present work as Southern Manager of 
The West Construction Company, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. 

Captain DOUGLASS N. McMILLIN, Class 1910. From Tennessee. 
Commanding Company "B," 114th M. G. Battalion, 30th Division, A. E. F. 

This is the elder of two gallant V. M. I. brothers who served in the 
same Machine-Gun Battalion in Prance, each as Captain. 

This superb officer commanded Troop "B," of the 1st Tennessee Cavalry, 
on the Mexican Border, in 191G-1917, and his brother (below) was Second 
Lieutenant in the same Troop. This command was, later, changed to a 
Machine-Gun Battalion, and as such served through the War, taking part 
in all the actions and operations in which the 30th Division was engaged — 
at Ypres and Kemmel Hill, Belgium (the Ypres-Lj's Offensive and Defensive), 
July to September, 191S; and on the Somme in France (the Hindenburg 
Line, Bellicourt, Montrebain, Brancourt, Busigny, Molain, etc., in the Somme 
Offensive), September 24-October 24, 1918. 

In all these battles Captain McMillin led his Company with conspicuous 
bravery. 

On April 22, 1919, he was mustered out of the Service. He is now 
following his pre-war profession of General Engineering. Home. St. Elmo, 
Tennessee. 

Captain EDWYN W. McMILLIN, Class 1913. From Tennessee. 

Company "D," 114th M. G. Battalion, 30th Division, A. E. F. 

Entered U. S. Service, June 18, 1916, as 2nd Lt., Tennessee Cavalry. 

Mexican Border Service, June 18. 1916 to April 20, 1917. Ist Lieut, and 

Adjutant, 1st Separate Squadron, Tennessee Cavalry, June 26 to Sept. 4. 1917. 

1st Lt. and Adjt., 114th M. G. Battalion, 30th Div., Sept. 4, 1917. American 

Expeditionary Forces, May 10, 1918 to March 20, 1919. Capt., Company 

"D," 114th, Machine-Gun Battalion, Oct. 4, 1918. Discharged, April 15, 1919. 

Battles and Engagements: Ypres Sector, July 12-Sept. 5, 1919; Ypres 

Sector, Mt. Kemmel Offensive, Aug. 30 to 31, 1918; Ypres-Lys Offensive. 

Aug. 30 to Sept. 3, 1918; Somme Offensive, Sept. 24 to Oct. 20, 1918; Somme 

Offensive, Bellicourt, Hindenburs: Line. Sept. 24 to 30. 1918: Somme Offensive, 



208 Virginia Military Institute — -World War Eecord 

Prement, Brancourt, Vaux Andigny, St. Souplet, Busigny, Mazinghiem, Oct. 
5 to 20, 1918. 

This brief and modest personal report does not tell half the story. The 
writer was a splendid soldier and officer. On his discharge from the Service, 
he became Superintendent of the Chattanooga Knitting Mills whose Presi- 
dent is himself an "Old V. M. I. boy," and he knows well the sterling 
worth of his subordinate. 

Captain STANTON L. BBRTSCHEY, Class 1918, and 6th Captain, 
Corps of Cadets. From "Virginia. 
6th Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 
Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry at first Fort Myer Officers' 
Training Camp, August 15, 1917. Assigned to 6th Infantry (Regular). 
Sailed for France with his organization. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, Octo- 
ber, 1918. Slightly wounded in action. Promoted to Captain. 

He continues in the Service with reduced rank of First Lieutenant, 
U. S. A. 

Captain JOSEPH N. DALTON, Class 1912, "First Captain," 

Corps of Cadets. From North Carolina. 

Infantry, A. E. F. 

He was commissioned 1st Lieutenant in the Army in 1916. (Honour 
Appointment from V. M. I.) Promoted Captain, Infantry, commission to 
date from August 5, 1917. He was Instructor at Officers' Training Camps 
until ordered overseas. He served with great distinction in France, though 
it is regretted that his splendid service can not be given in full, for want 
of data, never received, although repeatedly asked for. 

After the Armistice, he went with the Army of Occupation, and was 
serving as late as June, 1920, as Assistant to A. C. of S. G.-4, at Ooblenz. 

On June 19, 1920, he wrote to the Superintendent, V. M. I., telling of the 
organization of a Chapter of the V. M. I. Aiumni Association in Germany, 
composed of the V. M. I. Men who are still serving as officers in th.e Army 
of Occupation, and of the enthusiastic meeting, when all generously sub- 
scribed to the V. M. I. Endowment Fund. 

[This Chapter Is unique, in that it is the only one that has ever existed 
on foreign soil and whose members are all serving in an Army occupying 
Enemy territory.] 

Captain RUFUS A. MORISON, Ciass 1905. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps, A. E. F. 
Commissioned First Lieutenant, Medical Corps, U. S. A., May, 1917. 
Ordered to England on Cardiac Commission. On duty there from August, 
1917 to April, 1918. On duty in France from April, 1918 to July, 1919. 
Promoted Captain. Commanding Officer, Convalescent Camp, Hospital Centre, 
Sanmay, of two thousand beds capacity. 

Captain ALANSON D. BROWN, Class 1912. From Missouri. 
167th Infantry, 42nd Division, A. E. F. 
Later, Senior Instructor of Tactics of 3rd Corps School. 
Enlisted, June, 1917, Second Training Camp, Fort Sheridan. Commis- 
sioned, August 27, 1917, Captain of Infantry, and ordered overseas. Landed 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 209 

in Liverpool early in January, 1918. Two days later, reached France. 
Was sent to Langres and attended The Army School of the Line. He was 
graduated with such a high rating that he was selected as Instructor of 
Military Science and Tactics, and was assigned to G. 5, G. H. Q., A. E. F. 
In May, 1918, received orders to join the 42nd Division. Was attached to 
I67th Infantry. In middle of June, was recalled and made Instructor of 
Tactics at 1st Corps School. In August, 1918, was sent to Clamecy as Senior 
Instructor of Tactics, at the 3rd Corps School, and remained there till the 
School closed. Then assigned to Le Mans on the Rifle Competition. Re- 
turned to U. S., landing August 17, 1919. A brother, Major Charles C Brown, 
Graduate of Class 1910, also served gallantly in the A, E. F., but, un- 
fortunately, the Historiographer has secured no details of his service. 
Captain Brown was honourably discharged, Sept. 9, 1919. 

Captain JAMES D. LANGSTAFF, Class 1907. From Kentucky. 

Commander of Company "C" of "Lost Battalion," 308th Infantry, 

77th Division, A. E. F. 
Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, R. C, August 15, 1917. 
Assigned, to 159th. Depot Brigade, Camp Zachary Taylor, Kentucky. Pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, Infantry, January 15, 1918. Volunteered for 
foreign service with 801st Pioneer Infantry (Colored), July 26, 1918. Sailed, 
September 8, 1918. Promoted Captain, Infantry, U. S. A., October 18, 1918. 
Sent to forwarding camp at St. Aignan, and re-assigned to 77th Division, 
commanding Company "C" of the "Lost Battalion," 308th Infantry. 

Captain CLARENCE A. MARTIN, Class 1917. From Virginia. 
Company "G," 56th. Regular Infantry, 7th Division, A. E. F. 

Designated as "Honour" Graduate Appointment to the Regular Army 
from the V. M. I., in May, 1917. 

Went to Fort Myer Training Camp, May 14. Camp ended August 14, 
1917, but being too young then to hold a commission in the Regular Army, 
he was commissioned Captain in the National Army and ordered to Camp 
Lee, Virginia, reporting August 27, 1917. Here he was assigned to Com- 
pany "K," 320th Infantry, which he organized, and commanded until 
November 22, 1917. He then resigned his commission as Captain, National 
Army, to accept a commission as Second Lieutenant in the Regular Army. 
He was assigned to the 56th Infantry, and reported to that regiment on 
November 27, 1917, at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. 

The Seventh Division was concentrated at Camp MacArthur, Waco, 
Texas, and as the 56th was a regiment of that Division, it moved to Waco, 
on February 2, 1918. He was promoted to First Lieutenant, and assigned 
to Company "G," 56th Infantry, which he commanded, organizing the re- 
cruits which he received at Waco. He was transferred from Camp Mac- 
ArthiUr to Camp Merritt, New Jersey, from which place he sailed for France, 
August 3, 1918, landing at Brest, on the 11. He moved to a training area In 
France, and went through another training period. Arrived at the front 
the first part of October, in the Puvenelle Sector, just West of the Moselle 
River. Was at the front continuously from that time until the Armistice 
on November 11; On November 1, his Company made its first organized 



210 ViRGiYiA Military Institute — World War I^ecord 

attack, and lest very heavily. It went over with a strength of one hundred 
and fifty men, and ninety-two were killed and wounded. 
There were never more gallant and loyal men. 

On the mornings of November 2 and 3, the Germans turned all the 
guns they had defending Metz loose on the remnants of Captain Martin's 
Company, and made very strong counter-attacks. He had less than sixty 
men on a kilometer of front, while the Germans counter-attacked with be- 
tween six hundred and eight hundred men. The gallant Captain said: 

"The men fought; like demons, many dying, until only a handful were left, 
but they broke the attack, and th,6 day was saved. That night we received 
reinforcements." 

In recognition of Captain Martin's magnificent conduct in this action, 
he was recommended to be promoted, and on Armistice Day he took the oath 
of office. He remained in France until June 16, 1919, when he was ordered 
home, arriving at Newport News on June 27. Here most of his men were 
discharged, they having been replacements. 

On July 4, 1919, Captain Martin arrived at Camp Funston, which is his 
present station. 

In less than sixteen months from his graduation this youthful Captain 
had written his name high on the scroll of fame. 

Captain LEWIS H. ELLISON, Class 1909. From Virginia. 
Regimental Supply Officer, 37th Engineers, A. E. F. 
May, 1917 to November, 1918, First Training Camp, commissioned 
Captain, Engineers. Assigned to dutj'^ in office. Chief of Engineers for pur- 
chasing of all supplies and special equipment of 37th Engineers, Electrical 
and Mechanical Regiment, supplies and equipment amounting to about four 
million dollars. Recruited regiment, and assigned as Regimental Supply 
Officer. Served with the outfit both in U. S. and in France. November, 1918 
to July, 1919, assigned to Army Transport Service in France, in charge 
of repair shops and electrical installations at Base Sections 6 and 1, Mar- 
seilles and Saint Nazaire Shops; at both of these places employing about 200 
men. Shop Superintendent in both of these assignments; was responsible 
for the procurement of all such supplies as needed for operation in machine, 
blacksmith, wood-working, foundry, sheet metal and electrical repair shops. 
July, 1919 to November, 1919, Personnel Department, Office of Chief of En- 
gineers, Washington, D. C-, dealing with the discharge of commissioned 
personnel. 

Service in France with First Army. Three major Engagements: 
Chateau Thierry, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. 

His brother. Captain Alexander H. Ellison, Graduate of Class 1910, was 
also with the Engineers in the A. E. F. 

Honourably discharged upon return to U. S. Now with U. S. Shipping 
Board, Passenger Ship Section, Construction and Repair Department, 45 
Broadway, New York City. 

Captain ALEXANDER H. ELLISON, Class 1910. From Virginia. 

34th Engineers, A. E. F. 
Commissioned First Lieutenant, early in War, and assigned to 20th En- 
gineers with which unit h,e went overseas. He was detailed for duty with 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 211 

the Chief of Engineers, A. E. F., and was assigned to the 34th Engineers. 
Promoted Captain. 

It is regretted that the full details of his Service abroad have not been 
furnished, as promised, but it is well known that his record was very fine. 

He is a brother of Captain Lewis H. Ellison, Graduate of Class 1909 
(above). 

Captain CHARLES H. DRAYTON, Class 1909. From South Carolina. 
Commanding Company "H," 32ord Infantry, 81st Division, A. E. F. 

He was commissioned First Lieutenant, Infantry, R. C, April 5, 1917, 
and ordered into active service at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, as Assistant 
Instructor at the first Officers' Training Camp, May 8, 1917. At the end of 
the training period, August 15, he was promoted to the rank of Captain, 
and ordered to Camp Jackson, South Carolina, for duty. On September 5, 
he was assigned to the command of Company "H," 323rd Infantry, 81st 
("Wild Cat") Division, v/hich command he held until discharged. For a 
period of about four months, he commanded his battalion, because of the 
death of the Major commanding; and he commanded it again the last three 
weeks of its existence. His first service at the front was in the St. Die 
Sector, Vosges, where he remained about six weeks, until withdrawn and 
given a short rest before going into the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Here he 
remained until November 11, 1918. 

He returned to the United States, June 14, 1919, and was discharged 
six days later. 

On October 10, 1917, Captain Drayton married Miss Emily Appleton 
Beatty, daughter of Rear Admiral Frank G. Beatty, U. S. Navy, and Mrs. 
Beatty, and soon left his bride for overseas service in his Country's defense. 

Captain BENJAMIN BOWERING, Class 1915, "First Honour." From Virginia. 
Commanding Battery "D," 74th C- A. C, A. E. F. 
While Assistant Professor at th.e V. M. I., early in the year 1917, he re- 
ceived a V. M. I. "Honour" Appointment as Second Lieutenant in the Regular 
Army, Coast Artillery Corps. He was promoted to First Lieutenant, C. A., 
and Captain, C. A., October, 1917, to rank from August 5, 1917. His regi- 
ment, 74th C. A. C, left Hoboken, September 13, 1918, for overseas, and 
arrived at St. Nazaire, October 7. He was in command of Battery "D," an 
exceptionally fine body of men, of varied talents and experiencesi. It was 
learned afterwards that it had a sad experience in crossing — the influenza 
was at its worst and the submarines were seeking their prey in the various 
zones. Captairh Bowering was fortunate to escape the former, and the ship. 
President Grant, escaped with her cargo of human freight; but, alas, one 
hundred or more of the gallant boys who had left the shores of their beloved 
Country to fight in her defense in a foreign land were laid to res't in the 
deep sea — victims of the terrible scourge which swept over this and all other 
lands. From St. Nazaire the regiment moved forward to the front, experi- 
menting, as all did, with French Railroad or Mortar guns. Captain Bower- 
ing's battery was equipped with railroad, long range guns; so it moved 
forward and was not far from the line of action when the Armistice was 
called, and the awful strife ceased. The regiment was then ordered to Brest, 



212 ViKGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Camp Pantangan, well known for its unsatisfactory condition at first, but 
afterwards pronounced the best prepared of all camps for the embarking 
of the many thousands of troops ordered home. The 74th Regiment was soon 
ordered to return to the United States, but Captain Bowering was placed on 
detached service and destined to be separated from his battery. He was 
assigned to duty at the Inspector General's Office to inspect the men and 
ammunition ordered home. In this connection an amusing incident is told. 
Among the troops ordered to be inspected by Captain Bowering was the 
GOth Artillery Regiment which had been on the firing line with its big guns. 
When its turn to be inspected came, its gallant Colonel, Abe Lincoln, said: 

"Why, this is a remarkable thing — that my own nephew should inspect 
my regiment." [Captain Bowering had, a short time before, married Colonel 
Lincoln's niece.] 

Captain Bowering gave the gre-atest satisfaction to his superior in 
discharging this trying duty. 

After six months' service at this port, he was ordered home, assigned to 
Fort Dupont, Delaware, and placed in charge of Ordnance. Engineers and 
Signal Service and all Recreations. 

Unsolicited testimonials to Captain Bowering's splendid qualities as an 
officer and a gentleman have repeatedly come. Two, in particular, from 
a lieutenant and a private, in his battery, speak in the strongest terms of his 
extraordinary success as a Battery Commander and of the devotion of his 
men. He possessed that rare "Savoir faire'' which enabled him to hold 
the love and admiration of every man under his command, while getting 
from them always the best possible service. 

Captain Bowering wrote the beautiful V. M. I. Hymn (both words and 
music) — "The Spirit of V. M. I.." which is sung whenever V. M. I. men 
come together. 

Captain LAWRENCE H. EARLE, Class 1908. From New Jersey. 
Ordnance Department, Traveling Supervisor, A. E. F. 

He was commissioned a First Lieutenant in the Ordnance Department 
on July 27, 1917, and was called into active Service on August Ifi, 1917, and 
sent tO' the Holt Manufacturing Company, Peoria, Illinois, to assist in the 
design and manufacture of artillery tractors. He was, later, officially ap- 
pointed as Army Inspector of Ordnance at the above-named plant, under 
which appointment he was responsible for the development and organiza 
tion of Government inspection of all material produced by the Holt Manu- 
facturing Company for war use. 

On July 8, 1918, he was commissioned Captain in the National Army, 
and in July of the same year he was transferred to Washington, D. C, and 
appointed Traveling Supervisor for the Ordnance Department, under which 
appointment he was required to install and supervise Government inspection 
in all plants producing artillery tractors and tanks. On (approximately) 
September 1, 1918, he received orders to proceed overseas with a group of 
Liaison Officers with instructions to investigate and report on the manu- 
facturing and inspection methods of the British and French Ministries of 
Munitions in the production of Tanks and Tractors. He sailed on September 
16, arrived in Liverpool on September 29, and spent the month of October in 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 213 

England, during which he visited all the plants producing tanks and tractors, 
or parts for the same. He arrived in France on November 1, and there re- 
ceived orders to visit all plants in France producing material of this type, 
and to observe tanks and tractors in action at the front. The Armistice was 
signed, while he was on his way to the British front to observe the action 
of the British tanks. Following the Armistice, and up to the latter part of 
December, he completed his work among the manufacturers of tanks and 
tractors, and covered the entire front, from Switzerland to the North Sea, in 
search of material which had been in action, prior to the Armistice. 

On returning to the United States in January, 1919, he was appointed 
to the Technical Staff of the Ordnance Department in Washington, where 
he remained until he received his discharge, on March 15, 1919. 

He is now (May, 1920) associated with Tlie Buda Company, of Harvey, 
Illinois, manufacturers of internal combustion motor truck and tractor 
engines, as their Eastern Sales Manager, with offices at 33 West 42nd Street, 
New York City. 

Captain DAVID L. RUFPNER. Class 1917. Prom Virginia. 

Battery Commander and Instructor at Artillery Schools. A. E. F. 

At the request of the War Department, his Class was graduated one 
month abead of the regular time, in May. 1917. He at once entered the 
first Officers' Training School, at Fort Myer, and was graduated therefrom, 
August 15, 1917. and commissioned a Captain in the F. A. R. C, and as- 
signed as Instructor at the Second Officers' Training School, at Fort Myer. 
On October 25. 1917. he was commissioned a Provisional Second Lieutenant 
of Field Artillery, in the regular Aiiny, and his First Lieutenant's com- 
mission was dated the same day. [He resigned his Captaincy in the Na- 
tional Army and accepted a Second I^ieu tenancy in the regular Establish- 
ment, hoping, thereby, to get to the front sooner.l 

He was assigned to the Third Field Artillery, U. S. A., but remained on 
duty at the Training Camp as Instructor. On December 1, 1917, he was as- 
signed to the Sixth Field Artillery, U. S. A., and reported for duty with 
the Sixth Field Artillery Training Battalion 

On December 12, 1917, he sailed with h.is command from Hoboken, land- 
ing in Liverpool, on the 25. He was a student at the First Corps School at 
Gondrecourt, France, February and March, 1918. He served with the 103rd 
Field Artillery as Battalion Adjutant and Battery Commander in the Toul 
Defensive Sector, April to June, 1918. 

He was promoted Captain, , 1918, and commanded his battery 

in the fighting at Chateau Thierry, in July, 1918. He was detailed as In- 
structor at the Artillery School at La Constine, France, August to October, 
1918. He was Instructor at the Artillery School at Valdahon, France, 
November, 1918 to May, 1919. 

He sailed for the United States, June 10, 1919, landing on the 19. He 
was then assigned to duty as Instructor at the Army Artillery School at Camp 
Knox, Kentucky, Colonel Clarence Deems, Jr., commanding. 

Captain Ruffner's two brothers also served in the War, the elder In the 
Ambulance Corps in France, and the younger in the Navy, making a number 
of voyages in the transport of troops to France. 



214 YiEGiNiA Military Institute — ^^^okld War Eecord 

Someone observed their mother's service pin, and pityingly said: "You 
poor woman!" when she instantly retorted: "No — not poor, but the richest, 
proudest woman in the United States — with my three sons and only brother 
serving their Country in this righteous War." 

It is no wonder that the son of such a mother should have won the dis- 
tinction that fell to the gallant Captain Ruffner. 

Captain WILLIAM V. SMILEY, Class 1902. From Virginia. 
Commanding 46th Engineers, A. E. F. 
From June, 1912 to January, 1917, he was Captain of Company "K," 1st 
Virginia Infantry, National Guard, and saw service on the Texas Border 
until mustered out of the Federal Service, in January, 1917. On July 7, that 
year, he was again called to Service and served as Captain of Infantry until 
the middle of October. He was then transferred to the 104th Trench Mortar 
Battery, 54th Brigade, 29th Division. In March, 1918, he was again trans- 
ferred to the National Army as Captain of Company "A," 46th Engineers. 
He sailed for France and was at once put in charge of construction of the 
Gievres Yards, the largest project of its kind ever attempted. He was, later, 
made Engineer of Maintenance, Paris-Orleans R. R. In addition to this posi- 
tion, he was in command of the 46th Engineers from November 1, 1918 
to the middle of October, 1920. His record speaks for itself. 

Captain HOWARD F. GILL, Class 1914. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, U. S. A. 
Died in the Service. 
"Agricultural College, Mississippi, April 1, 1920. 
"Colonel Joseph R. Anderson, Historiographer, Y. M. I., 

Lee, Goochland County, Virginia. 
"My dear Colonel Anderson: 

"Your mention in your last letter, of recent date, of the difficulty of 
obtaining data concerning Institute Men who- were in the Service during the 
War has prompted me to send a few lines of personal knowledge of the record 
of Howard F. Gill, Class of 1914, who died at Fort Monroe, Virginia, October 
14, 1918. You, of course, have data on his record as a Cadet, and I don't 
believe I can add anything to that, except the general recollection that his 
academic record was brilliant, for he undoubtedly possessed an exceptional 
mind, and also, that he filled ably and well the confidential position of Mili- 
tary Secretary to the Commandant of Cadets. During the year after gradua- 
tion he was connected with the Allis-Chalmers Company of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
but returned to the Institute, in th.e Fall of 1915, as an Instructor in the 
Department of Physics. There, he demonstrated a thorough knowledge of 
the subject. But, led bv a desire to devote his military and technical train- 
ing to a wider connection, he passed with high honours the examinations 
for a commission in the Coast Artillery Corps of the United States Army, in 
August, 1916, and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in that branch, in 
November of that year. I served with him at Fort Monroe, Virginia, from 
January to June, 1917, and was thoroughly familiar with the excellent record 
that he made in all subjects of instruction in the Officers' School, during 
that time. 

"In June, 1917, we were ordered together to the Panama Canal Zone and 
served there until September, 1918, when we returned to the States for duty 
in th,e Officers' Training Camp at Fort Monroe. He had hardly reported for 
duty when he was attacked by the influenza which was at that time sweep- 
ing the Country in the first epidemic. His fighting spirit kept him going 
against the first attack of the disease, and he refused to go to the Hospital 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 215 

until too late. There, he made a brave fight which aroused the admiration 
of the attending Surgeons, but finally succumbed, in spite of their efforts, 
aided by thoSe of his brother who was Flight Surgeon at Langley Field. 
Six V. M. I. officers on duty at Fort Monroe, and the training Company of 
which he had been commander, sorrowfully escorted the remains to the 
train for h.is home in Petersburg, Virginia. 

"It was in Panama that I learned to know Howard Gill really well, 
We served at the same Post, and shared quarters together, and I soon saw 
the esteem in which he was held as a most competent and conscientious 
officer. He served as Assistant Adjutajit of the Post, and was second in com- 
mand of the 14-inch Gun Company which won the Knox Trophy for excellence 
in big gun target practice, over all other Coast Artillery organizations in the 
Service, for the year 1917. Later, he became commanding officer of the same 
Company and established a record for that command by demolishing a moving 
target at 15,000 yards, at the first shot in a record practice. 

"Howard Gill's service was marked by an intense devotion to duty; and, 
although he never permitted the quality of his relatively inactive service in 
Panama to suffer from an overwhelming desire to serve in France, this 
prospect was always uppermost in his mind. He brooded over it constantly, 
and on one occasion tendered his resignation as a Captain in the Regular 
Service, in order that he might return to the States and enlist in an 
organization bound for overseas. No resignations were accepted at this 
time, so that he was unable to succeed in his desire; but I have never seen 
anyone as eager as he, when orders came to sail for the States. 

"Had not the influenza cut short a most promising career, the Institute 
would have had even greater cause to be proud of this loyal Alumnus and 
untiring worker who constantly maintained the highest ideals! in his service 
to the Nation. 

Very truly, 

K. S. PUKDIE, 

Captain, C. A. C, U. S. A. 
(Late Major, C. A. C.)." 

Nothing need be added to this eloquent and fitting tribute to a brother 
Officer and brother Graduate by one so well qualified to appraise his char- 
acter and accomplishments. 

A younger brother was graduated in the Class of 1919. 

Captain JAMES TAYLOR, Class 1918. From New Jersey. 
Tank Corps, A. E. F. 

Second Lieutenant, 3rd Field Artillery, from August to December, 1917. 
Second Lieutenant, 6th Field Artillery, December, 1917 to June, 1918. 
Transferred to the 301st Battalion, Tank Corps, June, 1918. 

Wounded in action, October 23, 1918, at Montbrebain (Somme). 

Duty away from Regiment during War: 

Adjutant, 2nd Brigade, Tank Corps, August to September, 1918. 

Corps Tank Officer, 9th Army Corps, March to May, 1919. 

Welfare Inspector, A. E. C, LeMans, May to June, 1919. 

United States Courier, P. E. S., June to September, 1919. 

Attached to Motor Transport Corps, September to December, 1919. 

Assigned to 3rd Field Artillery, January 6, 1920. 

Courses of Instruction attended: 

1st Officers' Training Camp, Fort Myer, Virginia. 

Machine-Gun School, Bovington, England. 

Field Artillery School (one-half), Gondrecourt, France. 



216 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Tank School, Bovington, England. 

G-Pounder School, Bovington, England. 

Senior Officers' School, B. E. F., Sautre-Court, France. 

Promotions: 

2n.d Lieutenant, O. R. C, August 15, 1917, P^'ield Artillery. 

2nd Lieutenant, Regular Army, October 26, 1917, Field Artillery. 

1st Lieutenant (Temporary), July 10, 1918, Field Artillery. 

1st Lieutenant, Regular Army, July 26, 1919, Field Artillery. 

Captain (Temporary), May 12, 1919, Tank Corps. 

From the above formal report, sent by Captain Taylor himself, one 
would never judge that he is tne young hero his valorous deeus have 
made him. 

Captain JOHN BRYAN TOMLINSON, Class 191S. From Alaoama. 
Commanding Company "M," 18th (Regular), Infantry, 1st Division, A. E. F. 

Died in the Service. 

John Bryan Tomlinson was born on the 19th day of November, 189G, 
at Birmingham, Alabama, and died, in the service of his Country, at I^ngres, 
France, October 14, 1918. In the Spring of 1917, at the small manufacturing 
town of Ragland, Alabama, where he was working, true to the manhood of 
the South, and the glorious traditions of the Virginia Military Institute, 
Bryan Tomlinson sprang to tlie call to arms of his Country and was among 
the first to volunteer for the impending struggle. On the 12th of May, 1917, 
he went to Fort McPherson, Georgia, and attended the first Officers' Train- 
ing Camp, winning a first lieutenancy, and the confidence of his superior 
officers to the extent that he was chosen to be among the vanguard of 
young American officers sent to "France. Early in September, 1917, he sailed 
from Hoboken, landing in Liverpool about the 23rd of the month, going from 
there to France and shortly after to a military school at La Valbonne, near 
Lyons. After five weeks' training he was assigned to "K" Company, 18th 
Infantry, First Division, which was training at Houdelancourt. Here he re- 
mained until January 15, 1918, entering the trenches on January 19, at 
Seicheprey, about fifteen miles East of St. Mihiel. His military ability, his 
manly bearing, and the confidence he had instilled in his men and his 
senior officers, won for him the distinction of being one of the five officers 
to lead 150 men in the first raid put over by the American Expeditionary 
Forces. These officers and men were chosen from virtually all the soldiers 
in the 16th and 18th Infantry Regiments. Br3^an led the first platoon over 
the top. On March 11 following, for leading a further raid into the German 
trenches. General Frank Parker, then Colonel of the 18th, cited him for 
bravery and ordered that his name be placed upon the Regimental Roll of 
Honour. 

During all this period of intensive training and severe hand-to-hand en- 
counters with the Gfrmans, this lovable, high-minded and manly American 
boy was sending home letters, with never a word of his achievements, 
minimizing his dangers to those he loved, and breathing a spirit of deter- 
mination ever increasing in intensity and steadfast purpose. The more active 
the 1st Division, the more pronounced the sentiment in his letters became to 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 217 

see the struggle through to the bitter end, and to impress upon those left in 
this country to bend every energy towards War activities. 

Shortly after March 11, 1917, the 1st Brigade of the 1st Division was 
relieved, and Lieutenant Tomlinson was recommended for promotion. On 
the 22nd of April, the l8th Infantry went into action between Montdidier 
and Amiens at Villers Tournelle. Late in April, Bryan was given command 
of "K" Company, following the death of Captain Quisenberry, killed in 
action. On the 3rd of May, he was severely gassed and was in the Hospital 
about six weeks. On leaving the Hospital he was sent to the 77th Division, 
being attached to Battalion Headquarters of the 3rd Battalion, BOGth In- 
fantry. At the request of General Parker, he was returned to the 18th In- 
fantry, on August 3, and given command of "M" Company, receiving his 
Captaincy, August 30, 191S. He led his Company through the St. Mihiel 
drive, writing home after it: "You should have seen the Boche run." 

Immediately after the St. Mihiel Drive the 1st Division moved behind 
Verdun, and was in support of the 1st Army, for the first four days of the 
Argonne-Meuse Offensive, going into action on September 30. Captain Tom- 
linson was gassed the next day, and was sent back to Base Hospital No. 53. 
Here he showed the keenest interest in the further progress of the Argonne 
Offensive, talking all the time of getting back into it again. On the 12th 
of October, 1918, he lost consciousness, issuing orders in his delirium to his 
men, until his death on the 14th. He died a boy in years, but a full man 
in action, ideals and achievement. 

Captain ALPHONSE J. STUDB, Class 1907. From Texas. 
14th Engineers, Railway, A. E. F. 

Enlisted at Boston, Mass., June 9, 1917, as private in 4th Reserve 
Engineers, U. S. A. (In October, 1917, this regiment was re-named 14th 
Engineers, Railway.) 

Called to Training Camp at Salem, N. H., June 25, 1917. Promoted to 
Sergeant, June 28, 1917. Appointed First Sergeant, July 12, 1917. Sailed 
from New York, July 27, 1917. Arrived in England, August 12, 1917. 
Paraded in London, August 15, 1917. Arrived at the front near Arras, 
France, August 21, 1917. Promoted to First Lieutenant from First Sergeant, 
February 23, 1918. Promoted to Captain from First Lieutenant, September 
26, 1918. 

Sailed from France, April 17, 1919. Arrived in United States, April 27, 
1919. Discharged at Camp Devens, Mass., May 8, 1919, 

Entire time in the Service was with the 14th Engineers, Railway. 

His discharge paper has the following notation: 

"At the front with the British, Light Railways under artillery fire. 
Arras-Bapaume Sector, Aug. 21, 1917-May 20, 1918, including Somm© De- 
fensive, Mar. 21-April 26, 1918; Aisne-Marne Front, Aug. 2, 1918-Sept. 10, 
1918, including Aisne-Marne Offensive, Aug. 2 to Aug. 6, 1918; Meuse- 
Argonne Front, Sept. 19-Nov. 11, 1918, including Meuse- Argonne Offensive, 
Sept. 26 to Nov. 11, 1918." 

Appointed Personnel Adjutant, May 22, 1918, and discharged as such. 
May 8, 1919. 

An older brother is also a Graduate of the V. M. I. 



218 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Captain JOHN D. EWING, Class 1913. Prom Louisiana. 
128th Infantry, 32nd Division, A. E. P. 
Commissioned Captain, 128tli Infantry, 32nd Division, in 1917. Went 
to Prance with his Division. Commanded Scouts and Snipers and served 
on the Staff as Operations' Officer. 

His gallantry is described below: 

[Prom the Shreveport Times, of May 21, 1919:] 

"Captain John D. Ewing received a delightful surprise yesterday when 
his father. Col. Robert Ewing, owner of The Times, brought with him from 
New Orleans on his visit to Shreveport, a Croix de Guerre, with gilt star, 
and the Citation certificate recently awarded to Captain Ewing by the 
French Government for distinguished service in the American Army during 
the War. The Croix de Guerre and Citation, which is in Prench and is 
signed by Marshal Petain, Commander-in-Chief of the Prench Armies of the 
East, were forwarded to Captain Ewing by the War Department. Captain 
Ewing is the first Shreveport officer to be awarded this honour. 

"Captain Ewing commanded a Company and served on the Staff as 
Operations Officer, in the 128th Regiment of the famous 32nd Division in 
France. The 128th was one of the regiments that recently was awarded th,e 
'Fourragere,' the highest decoration given to any American Division by a 
foreign government. 

"The letter of Adjutant General Cole, forwarding these honours to 
Captain Swing, follows: 

'Washington, May 10, 1919. 

'From: The Adjutant General of the Army, 

To Captain John D. Ewing, 604-606 Canal Street, New Orleans, La. 

Subject: French Decoration. 

'There is forwarded herewith by registered mail a Croix de Guerre with 
gilt star. Citation Certificate and translation of same, awarded to you by 
the Prench Government. It is requested that you furnish this office with 
receipt for the Croix de Guerre and Citation. 

By order of the Secretary of War, 

W. B. Cole, Adjutant General.' " 

Tbanslation. ' 

'General Headquarters of the French Armies of the East. 

Staff. 
'Personnel Bureau. Order No. 14,382. 
(Decorations) "D" (Extract) 

'With the approbation of the Commander-in-Chief of the American Ex- 
peditionary Forces in France, the Marshal of France, Commander in Chief 
of the French Armies of the East, cites in the order of the Army Corps 
'Captain John D. Ewing, 128 Reg. U. S. Inf. 
'A remarkable and brave young officer, possessing true judgment and 
great energy. Detailed to assist the Colonel of his Regiment, throughout 
the campaign, he assisted his chief in the preparation and execution of 
operations often very difficult. Rendered important services in the engage- 
ment which led to the taking of Juvigny, August 31, 1918, and in the 
advance on Terny Sorny, September 1. 1918, when the Division was a part 
of the Tenth French Army. 

At General Headquarters, 

March 14, 1919, 
The Marshal, 
Commander-in-Chief of the Prench Armies of the East, 

Retain.' " 
Captain Ewing is one of four brothers who were Cadets at the V. M. L, 
two graduating. 

Three of these brothers were in the Military Service during the War. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 219 

Captain Ewing, upon being discharged, returned to his pre-war position 
of Assistant General Manager of The ShreveDort (La.) Times. 

Captain LAKKIN W. GLAZEBROOK, JR., Class 1918. 

From District of Columbia. 

12th (Regular) Field Artillery, 2nd Division, A. E. F. 

He entered the first Officers' Training School at Fort Myer and was 
graduated, August 15, 1917, with "First Honour" in the Class of over four 
hundi'ed, and was first out of the one hundred and forty who passed the final 
test and were recommended for commissions. 

He was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant in the 12th (Regular) Field 
Artillery and served at St. Asaph's Camp, IT. S. A., for three months. 

He sailed for France, January 11, 1918, with his organization, and 
fought at Chateau Thierry with the Second Division. His regiment (12th 
U. S. A.) supported the Marines at Belleau Wood and at Soissons where 
he was gassed, July 22, and also Avounded by a shrapnel shot. His wound 
was in the upper left thigh. It was dressed, and he kept on. Later, the 
same day, he was holding one end of a map with young McClellan of the 
Marines (a V. M. I. Man) when a shell exploded killing McClellan. He 
carried him to the rear, but found he was dead. Later, while going ahead 
with his guns another shell fell in his group and his horse was killed under 
him. The next day, while passing a Tank, his horse bolted and both went 
down a forty-foot ravine. He was badly stunned, and, before he could get 
out, was gassed. He was removed to Paris, and, later, developed a pretty 
bad attack of shell shock for which he was sent to a special Hospital (117) 
where he remained until October. He was then (October 24) detailed to the 
S. 0. S. at Tours, on the General Staff. G. 4. He had, in the meantime, been 
promoted to Captain. 

He wrote October 24, 1918, most interestingly to General Nichols, telling 
about the V. M. I. "boys" he had met in France, and some of their achieve- 
ments, but said never a word about himself, except this: "The 'Medocs' have 
me in the S. O. S. for a while, as I have been wounded three times, and 
they won't let me go back for a little while, but I hope that will be soon." 
A New York dispatch telling of the arrival in that Fort of seven thou- 
sand, seven hundred and forty heroes (of whom Captain Glazebrook wa^ 
one) on December 11, 1918, said: 

"Stories without number were told by troops who themselves had 
survived the War's dangers and spoke moderately of that fact. Illustrative 
of Yankee heroism was the account given of Captain L. W. Glazebrook, Jr., 
of Washington, D. C, a member of the Field Artillery. Shot in the lung, 
gassed, wounded in the leg, removed to a Hospital, Captain Glazebrook 
(arrivals said), stole away from his cot, assembled a uniform, attached a 
captain's bars, climbed through a window, rode thirty-six hours on an army 
truck, without letting his companions know of his condition, and entered 
action in the American advance on the St. Mihiel Salient. Four days later, 
once more gassed, he was back in the same Hospital. 
"Asked about this incident. Captain Glazebrook said: 
'The Chief Surgeon gave me h — • — . 'If you don't die,' he said, 'and you 
probably will, you will be court-martialed.' But outside the door, I heard 
him laugh, and I knew it was all right.' " 

Instead of being court-martialed, he was promoted. 



220 Virginia Military Institute — ^World War Eecord 

Captain Glazebrook is tlie only son of Dr. Larkin W. Glazebrook. Surgeon 
of the Wasliington Railway and Electric Company, and the grandson of 
the Reverend Doctor Otis A. Glazebrook, the heroic United States Consul at 
Jerusalem from 1914, throughout the World War, and who, in 1864, was a 
First Corporal in the famous "New Market" Corps of Cadets of the V. M. I. 

He continues in the Service, with the reduced rank of First Lieutenant, 
U. S. Army. 

Captain STUART CUTLER, Class 1918. From New York. 
23rd U. S. Infantry, A. E. F. 

Left v. M. I. in middle of Third Class year to enter West Point. Re- 
jected on account of physical disability. He stood well in his Class at the 
V. M. I. and was a Corporal. 

After his rejection at West Point, he worked for three months in the 
Credit Department of The Fairbanks Company, New York. Left there to 
go to Texas with the 7th Regiment, New' York National Guard. Was in 
Federal Service at McAllen, Texas, as a Corporal, for six months, until 
December, 1916. He continued a member of the 7th Regiment after its 
return home, until May, 1917. He was then commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, and assigned to the 23rd U. S. Regulars. But let his proud father 
give his further record. 

Mr. T. R. Cutler, of the E. B. Paul Company, 101 Park Avenue, New York, 
wrote. December 12, 1918, as follows: 

"In June, 1916, Stuart went to Texas with the 7th Regiment of New 
York, as Corporal, and staid there during the duration of the trouble. 

"As soon as War was declared, he made application for a commis- 
sion, went to the Plattsburg Camp, received his commission, and sailed for 
France, September 7, 1917, with the 23rd U. S. Regulars. During the winter 
of 1917-18, he was in Southern France and attended the School at Gondre- 
court. He was then in the Toul Sector; was over the top and gassed in 
April, 1918, and made First Lieutenant. 

"In May, 1918, he was sent back to the U. S., as Instructor, and ordered 
to report at Camp Gordon, Atlanta, Ga., about July. He staid there three 
months. His lungs were troubling him; so, in November, 191S, he was sent 
to Otisville, N. Y. He has now a commission as Captain, and is in Base 
Hospital No. 8, Otisville, N. Y. 

"You may be glad to know that Stuart's older brother, Lloyd, volun- 
teered in June; went to Pelham, N. Y., and received a commission as Ensign, 
and is now on Sub Chaser Bagley. 

"Merritt Cutler, my youngest son, enlisted with the 7th Regiment (18 
years of age), and is now in Prance with the 107th U. S. Infantry, as Cor- 
poral. He wrote us a wonderful description of the battle of September 29, 
in which he was the only one, out of a group of forty, who was not seriously 
wounded or killed. He is now in the Officers' School in France, and hopes 
to come home a Lieutenant. 

"So, my three only sons went to the front, and I am very proud of 
them." 

[TTiis was the spirit of all true Americans. And how the Germans' 
eyes were opened when they learned the truth!] 

After many months, in Hospital, Captain Cutler recovered and returned 
to duty, it is believed, although no report has been received from him 
since July, 1920. [Later. He is a 1st Lieutenant in the Service.] 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 221 

Captain CAMILLUS CHRISTIAN, JR., Class 1914, Third Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 
Company "E," 363rd Infantry, 91st Division, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Infantry, at Presidio, California, 
August 15, 1917, and assigned to the 363rd Infantry. 

He went to France with this organization and distinguished himself in 
the fighting that ensued later. 

In the famous battle of the Argonne his Company fought desperately, 
often in hand-to-hand encountres with the Enemy, as it crawled along, cut- 
ting the wire entanglements. He nearly lost his life here while fighting 
with a desperate antagonist whom he finally disarmed. 

He was promoted to the Captaincy of his Company, and was cited for 
bravery. . , i i ' «).':p: " > 

In a letter written to his grandmother, Mrs. Camillus Christian, of 
Lynchburg, Virginia, dated October 5, 1918, he did not mention either his 
Citation or his promotion. He wrote: "I will try to relate some of the 
things in the big push * * *. "We slept out in the open without blankets * * *. 
(I am speaking of the night of September 26 and day of the 27.) We at- 
tacked early' in the morning; it was a beautiful movement; thirty men and I 
were the first to reach the road * * *. We captured sixty-two meu and two 
officers * * *. I was in the front six days and nights." 

Describing an attack, he said: "About sixty of the Boches broke into 
a run across an open field. We had some good big game shooting * * *. 
I am a lucky boy to come out safely. The love and prayers of friends at 
home, I believe, had much to do with my escape. I saw men pray on the 
battlefields who had never been in a church." 

On November 20, he wrote : "Our Company, at the time of the announce- 
ment of the Armistice, v/as the farthest advanced Company of American 
troops in Flanders. We had been driving the Germans for two weeks, 
they retreating 30 kilometers in that time. The fighting here was a picnic 
in comparison with the fighting our Company did in the Argonne. I had 
not the close escapes I had in the Argonne Forest." 

During the advance in Flanders, however, Captain Christian said: "One 
night the corner of the house in which I was sleeping was blown off, and I 
suddenly found myself in the middle of the floor." 

After the Armistice, Captain Christian went with his Division to a small 
town in Belgium, expecting to receive orders soon to march into Germany. 
He was, however, permanently detached from his Division and placed in the 
diplomatic courier service, being attached to the American Peace Commis- 
sion. His duties carried him on short trips to the neutral Capitals of 
Europe, and he had an interesting experience while performing this honour- 
able duty. 

He had many thrilling encountres with the Huns during the period of 
the War, and several very narrow escapes from death, or serious injury; 
at one time his helmet Avas split by a shell fragment. 

The report officially of his being wounded grew out of the fact of his 
having been gassed in the Argonne Forest. 



222 Virginia Militaky Institute—World War Eecord 

He remained in Paris until the work of tlie Peace Commission was 
finished and then returned home, and was honourably discharged from 

the Service. ' i , ! :: i 

'' ' i'\ ' .J ' J 

Captain ROGERS M. WILSON, Class 1911. From Georgia. 

Commanding Company "L," ISth (Regular) Infantry, 1st Division, A. E. F, 

Severely wounded in action. 

It is a pleasure to put in enduring form the record of this superb officer 
and Graduate of the V. M. I. 

He was married, and was occupying an enviable position in the busi- 
ness world, when, in October, 1916, he stood the examination for provisional 
Second Lieutenant in the United States Army. He received hisi comm,Is- 
sion, March 27, 1917. He reported to Fort Leavenworth in April, and was 
from there ordered to France, embarking on the S. S. Mallory, June 9, 1917. 
He aiTived in France, June 28, 1917, with the first troops of the American 
Expeditionary Forces. He went immediately into training for service on 
the front line. He was assigned to Company "L," 18th (Regular) Infantry, 
First Division, and his entire service in France was with that command. 
On May 15, 1917, he was promoted to First Lieutenant, and on August 5, 
1917, he was promoted to Captain of his Company. He was in all the actions 
of the First Division, including the battle of Soissons, until July 21, 1918, 
when he was severely wounded while in command of his (the 3rd) Battalion. 
He received two maohine-gun bullets in the upper right arm near the 
shoulder. He was three months in Hospital in France and was then sent 
home, and for many months he was in the General Hospital at Fort Mc- 
pherson, Georgia, before he was able to return to duty. For his gallantry 
in command of his Company, in every action in which it participated, 
until he was wounded, he was awarded the D. S. C. and, later, the French 
Croix de Guerre. The Citation of his Regimental Commander, which caused 
the Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., acting for the President, to award to him 
tl'e Distinguished Service Cross, is given in the following 

"General Order No. 16." 

"Headquarters 18th Infantry, France, August 12, 1918. 

Extract. 
'<* * * 

"2. The Regimental Commander cites the following-named officer for 
the reason hereinafter given: 

"Captain Rogers M. Wilson, 18th Infantry, in command of Company 'L' 
of this regiment, since October, 1917, has shown himself to be a most 
excellent Company Commander, notably on the Cantigny front where his 
Company took an active part in the capture of Cantigny, and, later, during 
the battle of Soissons where, until the evening of the 21st, he commanded 
his Company with the greatest energy and efficiency until wounded, while 
near the town of Berzy-le-Sec. 

By order of Colonel Parker, 

F. W. Cheney, 
Capt, 18th Inf., Asst. Adjt." 

The Citation following came from the President, through the Commander- 
in-Chief: 

"Rogers M. Wilson, Captain, ISth Infantry. 

"For extraordinary heroism in action near Soissons, France, July 18-21, 
1918. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 223 

"Throughout this period Captain Wilson led his Company against the 
Enemy in a masterly manner, displaying exceptional judgment and energy 
and conspicuous gallantry, until he received a severe wound which, per- 
manently disabled his right arm.* 

"Home address: Mrs. R. M. Wilson, wife, 357 College Street, Macon, Ga." 

Later, the French Government awarded him the Croix de Guerre. 

The following personal letter from his Regimental Commander, the 
gaflant Colonel (afterwards Brigadier General) Frank Parker, written three 
weeks after Captain Wilson was wounded, is of interest as showing the high 
esteem and affection with which he regarded the valourous young Captain, 
as well as the tender feeling of this nohle gentleman himself: 

"France, August 11, 1918. 
"My dear Wilson: 

"I have just received your letter of July 28 and am certainly very glad 
to hear from you and to have good news concerning your wound. 

"It is very difficult for us in the regiment to follow our wounded, as 
there are many Hospitals and no clue as to which one of them receives any 
particular casualty. 

"I am sending you a Regimental Citation for your own self, and I assure 
you that your services have been, at all times, most efficient and satis- 
factory, and that you will be immediately returned to your Company as 
soon as you return, which I hope will be very soon indeed. 

"I have received your note concerning Lt. , and shall act 

upon it at once, as he has made a most excellent impression on me. 

"We are back on the old sector and everything is very quiet. We have 
commenced to build up again, and I wish very much that you might be here 
to assist in the work. A number of the wounded are coming back already. 
The following officers were killed, or died of their wounds: 

"Lieut. Colonel R. C. Hand, 1st Lt. J. R. Graham, 1st Lt. H, C. Ringer, 
1st Lt. W. J. Deery, 1st Lt. W. F. Bloocher, 1st Lt. F. R. Common, 1st Lt 
J. A. Doherty, ist Lt. R. J. Groogan^ 1st Lt. G. G. McCoy, 1st Lt. R. J. 
Hutchinson, 2nd Lt. F. D. Pollard, 2nd Lt. T. Young. 

"I shall be very glad to hear from you, from time to time, as to the 
progress of your convalescence, and to let you know the principal points of 
interest concerning the regiment. You may rest assured that your Company 
will always be waiting for you when you come, and I shall hope to arrange 
speedy promotion for you, once you return to the regiment. 

Always faithfully your^s, 

Frank Parker." 

Who wouldn't be proud of such a letter from his Commanding Officer? 

In the fall of 1919, Captain Wilson had sufficiently recovered to return 
to the Service, and he was at once placed in command of Company "G," 45th 
U. S. Infantry, as Captain, and stationed at Camp Dix. N. J. 

Captain CHARLES JOHNSTON, Class 1902. From Virginia. 
Co. "G." 111th U. S. Infantry, A. E, F. 

"1321 Kensington Ave., Youngstown, Ohio, 

January 31, 1920. 
"Your postal card of the 5th inst. has at last reached me, after many 
devious side trips in search of me. 



*He was believed to have been permanently disabled, but after many 
months in Hospital he was able to return to the Service. 



224 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

"It is a pleasure to know that you are preparing the data on the 
V. M. I. in the late 'pleasantness,' and I wish that I were able to give you 
more 'dope' of myself, but such is beyond my power. 

"T was a Captain in the 18th Pennsylvania Infantry, National Guard, 
from 1913 to time of muster into Federal Service, in 1917, serving on the 
Mexican Border in 1916. Commanded Co. 'G,' 111th U. S. Infantry, 28th 
Division, until January, 1918, when I was placed in command of Head- 
quarters Co., 111th Infantry. Sailed from U. S., May 5. 1918; arriveji in 
France, May 14. 

"The lllth Infantry trained with the British in the vicinity of Calais 
until the middle of June, when we were transferred to the outskirts of 
Paris. Moved to the Marne, July 1. Participated in the Defensive of July 
15-17, and the allied counter-attack of July 18, following the Enemy to the 
Vesle, and suffering very heavy casualties. I v/as wounded on the Vesle, 
near Fismes, on August 12, 1918, suffering a complete severance of the right 
femoral artery, due to shell fire. At time of accident was engaged in remov- 
ing wounded from the field. Invalided home on November 16, and discharged 
from Hospital and Service, June 21, 1919. That is about all there is to tell. 
I was the only V. M. I. Man, and only Southerner, holding a commission in 
. the regiment. 

"My permanent address will be 707 Chamber of Commerce, Richmond, 
Virginia. Have for five years been with the General Fireproofing Company, 
of Youngstown, Ohio, as District Sales Manager. 

"It is my hope that i can attend the coming Finals, as I would have 
done last year, had I known anything about what was coming off. It is 
with pleasure that I look forward to seeing you at that time. 

"With my most sincere regards, I am, 

Yours very truly, 

Charles Johnston, 
(Class of 1902)." 

[It is not hard to read between the lines and guess what manner of man 
the writer is. It is too sad that such a noble fellow shiould have been so 
cruelly wounded.] 

Captain WILLIS A. GARVEY, Class 1916. From Kansas. 
Commanding Battery "F," 15th Field Artillery, 2nd Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, April, 1917. Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, 
Battery "F," 15th Field Artillery, August 9, 1917. Pie had training at Camp 
Funston. and arrived overseas with his battery on Christmas Day, 1917. 
His battery was assigned to the Second Division with which he served all 
through the War. In April, 1918, he was promoted to the Captaincy of his 
battery. He was in all the engagements participated in by his incomparable 
Division. In the battle of Chateau Thierry he served as Liaison Officer with 
the 5th and 6th Marines and the 23rd Infantry. He went over the top five 
times in seven days, during the engagement. He was wounded October 7, 
1918, before Rheims. Having returned to his duties, he was at the front at 
the time of the signing of the Armistice. Following the battle in which he 
received his wound, he was recommended for promotion and for the Dis- 
tinguished Service Cross. 

He served as Battery Commander, Liaison Officer, Captain of Head- 
quarters Company, and, for a time, as Adjutant of his Regiment. He was 
one of two of his Regiment chosen to take the special course at the Artillery 
Officers' School at Gondremont, France. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 225 

He went with the Army of Occupation to Germany. He was detailed 
as an Executive Officer of the Peace Commission, and as a member of the 
Military Board appointed by order of Oie War Department to handle the 
military side of the Peace Commission. (Several other V. M. I. men had 
the same honour conferred on them.) 

The TopeTca Daily State Journal of September 9, 1918, thus spoke of him: 

"A touching tribute to the courage and patriotism of the French who 
so bravely strove to withstand the Teuton hordes during the early part of 
this War, and who, despite fearful sacrifice and suffering, are still cour- 
ageously doing thieir part toward the winning of tlie War, is contained in a 
recent letter from Captain Willis A. Garvey, one of the Topeka boys on 
the front. i 

"This representative American youth has an instinctive gallantry, which, 
coupled with his inborn appreciation of all that is truly great and noble, 
causes him to pay unfailing deference to these qualities, whether they be 
found amid distinction and ranli, or in the very humblest circles. 

"The following extract is taken from a letter written by Captain Garvey, 
July 2, 1918: 

'France, July 2, 1918. 

'We Americans haven't had the chance, until the past month, to really 
do much of anything. And, as it is, we don't really know what war is yet. 

"True, we have done some work, and lost some men and some sleep. 
But we haven't had our homes? destroyed, all our property destroyed, the 
greater part of our male relatives killed, and our sisters, wives and sweet- 
hearts carried off, for four long years, as have these poor 'Frogs.' 

'If you want to know what War reallj is, talk, as I did, to the old 
French peasant with whom I was billeted at one place. Let him tell you 
how the Boche invaded his peaceful, prosperous little farm; how they 
razed his house, took his crops, and carried off his two daughters; how 
they made penniless refugees of him and his wife (both over 70, I should 
judge.) Let him tell you, with a look of indescribable pride in his face — ■ 
how, of his seven sons, six have died for France and the seventh, is a 
German prisoner. Then, you'll understand what I mean when I say that 
we Americans have no idea yet what War really is. And these old peasants 
are so stoical and brave! 

'You know in the French Army a captain is 'some pumpkins,' more like 
a captain used to be in our old Army — and these French peasants make 
regular idols of their Army, and especially the officers. 

'Well, the second night I was billeted with this old couple, the old man 
came in about 7:30, after a long, hard day's work in his vineyard, and I was 
standing in the doorway of my room talking to the old lady, who was feeding 
their two cows (the cows, by the way, occupied the chamber right next to 
mine). The old man and I talked for a minute and then he started to bend 
over and undo the button leggings he had around his legs for working in 
the field. I beat him to it and got down on both knees and unbuttoned 
them for him and took them off, also took off his wooden shoes and shook 
the dirt out of them and replaced the straw mats in them and held thsra 
while he replaced his bare feet in them. At first he wouldn't hear to my 
even unbuttoning his leggings for him, but I went right ahead, despite his 
protests. Well, he just couldn't get over it — a captain getting down on his 
knees to help him off ^ with his leggings and shoes. His little, wizened, 
wrinkled face beamed with a smile I'll never forget! Then, to make the 
whole thing natural and complete, I heard the old lady, later that night, 
just giving him fits for letting the "captain" do such a thing. I sure have 
to laugh every time I think of it, but when I go to laughing about it I get 
a funny little stick in my throat.' 

"Captain Garvey has been overseas since Christmas, and at the front 
since March. He says in another of his letters: 



226 Virginia Militaky Institute — World War Uecoru 

'We are right now engaged in the biggest 'show' that the Americans 
have yet tried to pull off. Long before you receive this letter you will have 
read the results in the newspapers. Everyone in our Division has been due 
a regular leave for over two months, but regular leaves have all been dis- 
continued in the American Army until further orders. * * * To-day the 
weather is beautiful and very clear, and we have witnessed some very in- 
teresting air battles. At one time there were thirty Planes in view. Saw 
a balloon brought down, and two observers came down in parachutes. Yes- 
terday morning I went up to the foremost point of the Infantry lines to 
an observation post, in order to adjust the battery and fire on some trenches, 
Boche kitchens, observation posts, etc., that the 'doughboys' wanted us to 
fire on. To-day is my day to spend all day at the battalion observation post, 
which is up in the 'doughboys' front lines, but not so far from the battery 
by three kilometers as the one I fired from yesterday. Am so happy to 
know you had a nice trip and that you are back safely. How I'd like to be 
there also! I mean if the War were won and over. It would certainly break 
my heart and spirit completely, if I should have to return before that time.' " 

The following letter from Colonel Edward R. Stone, of the Twenty- 
third Infantry to the Commanding Officer of the Fifteenth Artillery with 
wnich Captain Garvey was officially connected will be read with interest: 

"I wish to submit tor your consideration the following report on the 
conduct of Captain Garvey, of your regiment, who acted as Liaison Officer 
with the Twenty-third Infantry during the recent operations, October 3 to 
9, 1918. 

"Captain Garvey was with me during the period named and rendered 
most valuable service to me. He not only performed all duties as Liaison 
Officer in a most efficient manner, but voluntarily acted for me as message 
carrier, at times when my staff officers were busily engaged, and other 
Qieans of liaison were lacking. 

"I cannot commend him too highly as a man and as an officer, and his 
conduct during the trying days, through which the regiment passed is de- 
serving of highest praise. 

"I strongly urge that he be recommended for promotion, if compatible 
with the interests of tlie Service. 

"I have recommended that he be awarded the Distinguished Service 
Cross for his actions while with me. 

"EuwAKD R. Stone, 
"Colonel, Twenty-third Infantry." 

But the end came before these additional honours could come to him. 

In spite of the horrors of the War, the little god Cupid put in his 
work, with never a rest, as witness this announcement: 

"Captain Willis A. Garvey married February 18, 1919, in Paris." 

"The marriage is announced of Miss Dorothy Grace Marling, daughter 
of Mr. and Mrs. Prank H. Marling, of Montciair, N. J., and Captain Willis A. 
Garvey, 15th Field Artillery, 2nd Division, American Regular Army, which 
took place on Feb. 18, at the home of Professor Herbert Adams Gibbons in 
Paris. Captain Garvey is a son of Mr. and Mrs. H. O. Garvey, of Topeka, 
Kan." 

Captain EDWIN P. CONQUEST, Class 1914, "Second Honour" and 

5th Cadet Captain. From Virginia. 

Sth F. A., First Division, A. E. F. 
On Jun*? 2, 1916, he was commissioned Captain, Company "A," Virginia 
Signal Corps. On March 26, 1917, he was mustered ov* ^f federal Service. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 227 

He was then appointed an Assistant Professor of the V. M. I., ana assigned 
as the first Commandant of the John Marshall High School, of Richmond, 
Virginia, his home City. He proceeded at once to organize the large number 
of students into a Battalion of Infantry, and was meeting with encourage- 
ment, when, War with Germany having been declared by the United States, 
he felt the call to return to the Military Service. On July 25, 1917, he was 
called back to service in the Virginia Sig-nal Corps, with the rank of Captain. 
He left Richmond for Anniston, Alabama, Camp McClellan, September 16, 
1917. On October 8. he was transferred to H. Q., 54th F. A. Brigade. On 
May 13, 1918, he was transferred to the 112th Field Artillery. With this 
Unit he sailed for overseas service, June 28, 1918, and arrived at Havre, 
France, July 12. He served with this command until November 1st, 1918, 
when he was transferred to the 5th F. A.. 1st Division, with which he saw 
service until he received the honour of being detailed to attend Oxford 
University, England, as a Special Student, on March 6, 1919. 

He was ordered back to th,e United States, arriving at New York, July 
13. 1919, and was honourably discharged from the Service at Camp Lee, in 
September following. 

His active service in the field embraced a period of about three yearis, 
and reflected the highest honour on him and on the V. M. I. 

Captain EDWARD LAWRENCE WELLS, Class 1907. From South Carolina. 

Second Machine-Gun Battalion, First Brigade, 1st Division, A. B. F. 
Killed in action in France. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant in August. 1917. at first Officers' Train- 
ing Camp, at Fort Oglethorpe. Georgia. 

Sailed for France in September, 1917. Served there in Company "C," 
Second Machine-Gun Battalion, 1st Division, from January, 1918 until his 
death, in action, near Exermont (Meuse-Argonne), October 4. 1918. He was 
twice promoted for gallantry and efficiency in action. (He received his 
promotion to Captain before hip death.) 

He was cited for "extraordinary bravery and ability in handling men." 
Ha was twice awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (Oak Leaf Cluster), 
and he was awarded the Croix de Guerre. He was especially commended 
by his Commanding General, Frank Parker, whose letter to the Mayor of 
Charleston, lauding Captain Wells, is preserved in the archives of that City. 
[This letter is given herein.! 

Citation accompanying the second award of Distinguished Service Cross: 

"Edward L. Wells, Second Lieutenant, 2d Machine-Gun Battalion. For 
extraordinary heroism in action near Exermont, France, October 4, 1918. 
When the attack was held up by heavy machine-gun fire, he volunteered 
for the mission and led a platoon of Infantry, reinforced by four machine- 
guns, into Exermont. In spite of desperate resistance, he led the attack 
through the streets, capturing many prisoners and, learning from one of 
these the approximate location of machine-guns on heights to the North, led 
the three remaining members of the command against these. Within 50 
yards of the enemy emplacements one of his men was killed and Lieut. 
Wells was mortally wounded, but<he had succeeded in indicating to those in 
the rear the location of the hostile positions. Next of kin: Mrs. Edward L. 
Wells (mother), 44 South. Battery, Charleston, S. C." 



228 Virginia Military Institute — ^World War Eecord 

[From The Sunday News, Charleston, S. C, March 2, 1919:] 
"Believing that the splendid record made by Captain Edward L. Wells, 
of this City, whose death in battle in France was recently announced, should 
be brought to the attention of the people of Charleston in some distinctive 
way, Brigadier General Frank Parker, Captain Wells's commanding officer, 
has written a letter to the Mayor of Charleston in which he pays a glowing 
tribute to Captain Wells and suggests that the community should express 
in some suitable manner its appreciation of this gallant officer's heroism. 
This letter was given by General Parker to Bishop William A. Guerry, while 
the latter was in France, with the request that he hand it to the Mayor. 
General Parker drove twenty miles from Coblenz to see the bishop and inter- 
cepted him as he was about to board the train for the coast on his return 
journey. The bishop delivered the letter in person to the Mayor at h,is 
home on last Friday evening. Mayor Hyde says that the letter and the 
records of Captain Wells's citations will be filed in the archives of the city. 
He gave the letter to The Nen:s and Courier last night for publication. 

"General Parker's letter supplies information which has hitherto been 
lacking as to the circumstances of Captain Wells's death. It will be of excep- 
tional interest to Captain Wells's many friends here and to the whole com- 
munity, not only on this account, but also because it is so remarkable a tribute 
to a young officer whose record has reflected great honour upon his City 
and State, and whose death, is widely mourned. The letter speaks for itselt. 
It is as follows: 

'American Expeditionary Forces, Coblenz Bridgehead, Germany, 

February 2, 1919. 
'To the Honourable, the Mayor of Charleston, S. C. 

'My Dear Sir: I have the honour to bring to your notice the record 
of Edward L#. Wells, of Charleston, late Captain in the United States Anny, 
tor such action as you may find appropriate. 

'Captain Wells was killed during the fighting between the Argonne and 
the Meuse, North of Verdun, on October 4, 1918. He joined the Second 
Machine-Gun Battalion of the First Division in January of 1918 and served 
continuously with the First Division throughout- the War, until he met his 
death. He distinguished himself conspicuously and consistently, notably 
during the desperate fighting of the second battle of the Marne, when, with 
the remnants of his command, on the 5th and last day of the engagement 
of the First Division, he occupied a portion of the most advanced point of 
the wedge driven under Soissons by the First Division. 

"Throughout these five days of continuous attack and of most desperate 
fighting, Captain Wells gave evidence of splendid courage and efficiency 
under fire. f - I 

'Again, on October 4, Captain Wells, v/hile acting as Intelligence Officer 
of the Second Battalion of the Eighteenth Infantry, during the terrific fight- 
ing in the neighborhood of Exermont, assumed command of a platoon v/hose 
leader had been wounded, and, together with a second platoon of the Eigh- 
teenth Infantry, stormed the town of Exermont. Captain Wells then, with 
a small volunteer party of about eight members, pushed after the retreat- 
ing Germans and was mortally wounded while gallantly leading his party 
far in advance of the main body. 

'I have commanded regiment, brigade and division in the First Division 
throughout all the operations of this Division in this war. I have seen and 
have known of many deeds of courageous efficiency and self-sacrificing 
devotion by its members, but I know .of no finei example of those qualities 
that we desire in an American commander of a combatant force than that 
of Edward L. Wells, Captain, United States Army, Second Machine-Gun 
Battalion, First Brigade, First Division, American Expeditionary Forces. 
'My own family is originally liom Charleston and many of my relatives 
are there now. May I, for the reasons above given, suggest that Charleston 
might well honour so gallant a son by perpetuating his memory by a street 
named after him. or by a monument, or by both? 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 229 

'I enclose two Citations given Captain Wells: the first, after the second 
battle of the Marne, and the second, after the battle between the Argonne 
and the Meuse in which Captain Wells was killed, after having twice been 
promoted for gallantry in action. 

'To quote his own men, 'He was surely a brave oflScer.' 

Prank PABKEit, 
Brigadier General, United States Army.' 

'Headquarters, First Division, American Expeditionary Forces, 

France, August 19, 1918. 

'General Order No. 49 — Extract: 

'The Division Commander cites the following organizations, officers and 
men for distinguished conduct during the operations of this Division South 
of Soissons, July 18-22, 1919: 

'Second Lieutenant E. L. Wells, Second Machine-Gun Battalion, "dis- 
played extraordinary energy and efficiency in keeping his guns up to the 
first line of the attack on the plateau of Buzancy, thereby covering an exposed 
flank of the Eighteenth Infantry and preventing a counter-attack from that 
direction." 

'By command of Major Gen. Summerall. 

H. K. LOUGHEY, 

Major, P. O., N. A., Division Adjutant.' 

'Headquarters, First Infantry Brigade, American Expeditionary Forces. 

France, October 17, 1918. 

'General Order No. 14. 

'The Brigade Commander cites the following officer for the motive here- 
inafter given: 

'First Lieutenant Edward L. Wells, officer of splendid personal and mili- 
tary character, has, throughout the major operations of th,6 First Division 
been conspicuous for his courageous efficiency and has at all times bei^an in 
the most advanced part of the fighting; notably, at Buzancy (South of 
Soissons), during the second battle of the Marne, July lS-22, 1918, and sub- 
sequently during the heavy fighting between the Argonne ,and the Meuse, 
near Exermont where he was killed on October 4, while leading the most 
advanced element of the Eighteenth Infantry against German machine-gun 
nests, to the North of that village. 

'By command of Brig. Gen. Parker. 

J. W. Ctas.sY, 
Major, Infantry, U. S. A., Brigade Adjutant.' " 

[From The News and Courier, Charleston, S, C, April 14, 1919.] 

"Mrs. Edward L. Wells, of this City, whose son, Captain Edward L. 
Wells, was killed in action during the battle of the Argonne, has received a 
letter concerning Captain Wells's brilliant record and gallant death from 
General Frank Parker, of the First Division, Captain Wells's commander. 
The letter is a splendid tribute and conveys the information that had Captain 
Wells lived he would have been promoted immediately to the rank of major. 

"This is the second letter in which General Parker has paid high tribute 
to Captain Wells, the first being a letter to the Mayor of Charleston which 
was given by General Parker to Bishop Guerry while the latter was in France 
and which was delivered to Mayor Hyde by the bishop upon his return to 
this country, some weeks ago. It was published in The Nexos and Courier at 
the time. [See letter above.— Historiographer.] 

"General Parker's letter to Mrs. Wells is as follows: 

'General Headquarters, American Expeditionary Force, 
'First Infantry Brigade, Coblenz, 3-3-19. 

'My Dear Mrs. AVells: Your son, Edward, fell on the field of honour 
on October 4, leading the most advanced p£.rt of the line of the American 
Army. He had similarly led the machine-guns of the most advanced element 
of the American Army in the second battle of the Marne, July 23, 1918. 



230 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

'In the First Division no finer record of gallantry and efficiency in 
combat than that of Edward L. Wells can be found. 

'He was the embodiment of those virtues which meet the supreme test 
of an officer of combat troops succes3fullj\ 

'He was promoted Captain before his death. I forwarded the official 
notification to him, marked, "Congratulations on your well-deserved promo- 
tion." You may receive the document some day. Had he lived he would 
have had further immediate promotion, as I intended him to command a 
battalion in our next big battle. 

'My letter to the Mayor of Charleston may have reached you by this time. 
The old City may well honour your son's memory. South Carolina never 
sent out a more gallant patriot and soldier. I hope that in the near future 
I may have the honour of presenting in person the sympathy of this Division 
to you and to your familj-. Edward fell near Exermont (300 yards West 
of the town) and is buried near there. The exact spot will be sent you later 

'I am sorry, deeply sorry, that until recently we were forbidden to send 
any news concerning casualties. Please let me know if there is anything 
I can do for you; I am at present absent from the Division, but shall return 
in about two weeks. I shall then endeavor to send all possible informa- 
tion. Edward was killed while leading a patrol in advance of the front 
line. The man who was with him as orderly described the event carefully. 
He was one of the few who were not killed. Please command me in any 
way. Your son had left a profound impression upon me, and his mother is 
entitled to everything that I can possibly do for her, 

'Faithfully yours, 

(Signed) 'Frank Parkek.' 

"Captain Wells's many friends will be interested also in the following 
extract from a recent letter from General Parker to his own family: 'Edward 
Wells was killed near Exermont on the morning of October 4. He was a 
particularly gallant officer and would have had a brilliant career had he 
lived, but as Napoleon said: Ce sent toujours les memes qui se font tuer.' " 

[From The 'Nexos and Courier, Charleston, S. C, June 2, 1920.1 

"High tribute from Major General Charles P. Summerall, U. S. A., 
Commander of the First Division, A. E. F. 

'* * * Captain Edward L. Wells, one of our most distinguished and 
able machine-gun commanders, gallantly led his Company throughout the 
fierce fighting at Soissons. His courage and leadership called forth tributes 
from his higher officers. Again at St. Mihiel, he was cited for his bravery, 
and demonstrated those powers of leadership which were indispensable to 
our success. During the great battle of thei Argonne, the First Division 
was called on to drive a deep wedge into the enemy's line, at a critical time. 
Here again Captain Wells, by courage, skill and leadership, produced a most 
decisive effect. He was always in the forefront of the fighting and fell while 
his command was executing a most important attack in the face of fire. 
But for his example, and the example of men like- him, we could not hope for 
success. The Division has not ceased to mourn its loss, and he has left a 
legacy of heroism that is priceless. * * *' " 

Captain JOHN G. MEEM, Class IP 14. Froi^ Brazil. 
General Staff, War Plans Division, Education and Special Training 

Section, U. S. A. 
Graduated in 1914. From then until April, 1917, in service with the 
Underpinning and Foundation Company, a contracting firm in New York 
City. 

During the Summer of 191G, he attended the Plattsburg Business Men's 
Training Camp as a private in Company "C," 9th Training Regiment. While 
there he took examinations for a commission as a Reserve Officer in the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 231 

United States Army, and in November of the same year was commissioned 
2nd Lieutenant, U. S. R. In May, 1917, he was called to the colors and 
ordered to Plattsburg, for further training. In August he was promoted to 
Captain, U. S. R.,^ and ordered to report to the C. 0., Camp Upton, N. Y. 
This order was countermanded and another issued ordering him, together 
with two hundred other reserve officers, to report to the Commanding Gen- 
eral, 27th Division, U. S. N. G., Spartanburg, South Carolina. He arrived 
there before the Division, and, in the interim, was assigned to special duty 
organizing a military department at Wofford College. Upon the arrival of 
the Division, he was attached to the 14th N. Y. Infantry, in command of 
Company "I." In Jajiuary, 1918, all reserve officers assigned to the 27th 
Division were transferred to the 81st Division at Camp Sherman, Chillicothe, 
Ohio, and temporarily attached to the School of the Line, a concentration 
camp for officers. In April, he was assigned to duty with the Committee on 
Education and Special Training, War Plans Division of the General Staff. 
Was ordered to Ames, Iowa, and took command of a Training Detachment, 
U. S. Army, consisting of ten officers and five hundred drafted men. For 
instruction as mechanics, blacksmiths, and motor-mechanics, the unit was 
attached to the Iowa State College of A. and M. Arts. The personnel of 
the unit was replaced every two months. 

In September, the unit was made a part of the Students' Army Train- 
ing Corps, and he was transferred to Holy Cross College, Worcester, Mass., 
to organize, and take command of, the S. A. T. C. unit there. While at 
Ames, Iowa, he was responsible for the mobilization and training of a total 
of fifteen hundred drafted men; and while at Worcester, he did the same 
with eight .hundred men. In November, he received orders to demobilize 
the unit, which was accomplished the same month. In January, 1919, he 
was honourably discharged from the Service. 

In February, 1919, he entered the service of the National City Bank of 
New York, and was shortly afterwards assigned to the Rio de Janeiro Branch 
in Brazil, where he has been ever since. He is assistant credit manager. 
A month after his discharge from the military service, he was re-commis*' 
sioned a Captain in the Reserve Corps, which position he had to resign 
because the Army Regulations do not allow a Reserve Officer to absent him- 
self from the United States for more than one year, and he expects to remain 
in Brazil three years. 

Captain Meem is the son of the Rev. Dr. John G. Meem, of Brazil 
(formerly of Virginia), "First Honour" Graduate of Class 1884, and grand- 
son of General John G. Meem, Jr., Graduate of Class 1852. 

By his splendid record in the World War the honour of the good old 
name has been well maintained. 

Captain JOHN PAUL, Class 1903. From Virginia. 
Battery Commander, Adjutant, 1st Battalion, and Regimental Adjutant, 
313th F. A., A. E. F. 
He entered the first Officers' Training Camp, at Fort Myer, May, 191 ^ 
and was commissioned Captain, Field Artillery, in August He was a§- 
signed to tUe 313th F, A-, Camp Lee, Virginia. 



232 Virginia Militaey Institute — World War Eecord 

At School of Fire, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, April-May, 1918. Went over- 
seas, May, 1918. In Training Area in France, June^-August, 193 8. 

Participated in Meuse-Argonne Campaign continuously from Septem- 
ber 26 to November 11, 1918. 

He was Battery Commander of "B" Battery, 313th F. A., September- 
October, 1918; Adjutant, 1st Battalion, November-December, 1918; Regimental 
Adjutant, March, 1918-April, 1919. 

His entire service was with the 313th F. A. 

His record was exceptionally distinguished. His two brothers, Seymour 
Paul, Graduate of Class 1907, and Charles G. Paul, Ex-Cadet of Class 1907, 
were also in the Service, th.e former a Lieutenant and the latter a Captain 
of Field Artillery. 

They are worthy sons of the late United States Senator and United 
States District Judge, John Paul, who was a gallant Captain in the Con- 
federate Army. 

On his return home Captain John Paul was elected to the Virginia State 
Senate (second term of service), and is serving his State as faithfully in 
peace as he served his Ocnntry in the World War. 

Captain CHARLES KENNON CLARKE, Class 1913. From New Jersey. 

Commanding Machine-Gun Company, 76th and 3rd Divisions, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, April, 1917. Commissioned 
Captain, Infantry, at Plattsburg. N. Y., August, 1917. Commanding Officer 
and Instructor, 8th New England Company. Second Plattsburg Officers' Train- 
ing Camp. Commanding-Officer and Instructor, 4th Company, Third Officers' 
Training Camp, Camp Devens, Mass. Captain, Machine-Gun Company, 76th 
Division, A. E. F., May-October, 1918. Captain, Machine-Gun Conapany, 3rd 
Division, A. E. F., October-November, 1918. 

(Did not get into action.) 

With Army of Occupation Germany, February-March, 1919, serving on 
out-post duty. 

G. H. Q. on duty with Interallied Peace Committee (Paris). 

Honourably discharged, Camp Lee, Virginia, September 6, 1919. 

Captain Clarke had the misfortune to be confined in Hospital for two 
months, December, 1918-January, 1919. He was then assigned to Beaune 
University to study for three months. While he was denied the gratifica- 
tion of serving in action, he yet rendered conspicuously meritorious service 
in the training of young officers in the United States and as Commanding 
Officer of Machine-Gun Companies overseas. 

Upon his discharge he was appointed Credit Manager for the Con- 
tinental Guaranty Corporation of New York. 

His home is at Bogota, N. J. 

Captain WILLIAM M. WHITTLE, Class 1917, Fourth Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 
314th Machine-Gun Battalion, 80th Division, A. E. F. 
Attended first Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer. Commissioned 
First Lieutenant, August 15, 1917. 

Ordered to Camp Lee, Virginia. Assigned to 320th Infantry. Trans- 
ferred to 313th Machine-Gun Battalion. Ordered to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 233 

to attend School of Arms, October 19. Re-joined 313th M. G. Battalion, 
January, 1918. Division Instructor in Machine-Gunnery. Ordered to France, 
May, 1918. Served one month with British in Somme River Valley. Pro- 
moted to Captain, and transferred to 314th M. G. Battalion. In reserve in 
the St. Mihiel Offensive. In Argonne Forest drive until Armistice. De- 
tached to attend University of Paris (Sorbonne), March and April, 1919. 
Returned to United States with 314th M. G. Battalion, June 7, 1919. Demo- 
bilized five days afterwards. 

He is the third son of Judge Stafford M. Whittle (until lately, President 
of the Supreme Court of Appeals of Virginia) who attended the V. M. I. 
and the second to graduate therefrom. 

His record in the Service, at home and overseas, was distinguished. 

Captain STEWART W. ANDERSON, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
307th Engineers (Sapper Regiment), 82nd Division, A. E. F. 

When War came he was Adjunct Professor of Physics at the V. M. I. 
He enlisted in the Military Service, May 16, 1917. June 25, 1917, he was 
commissioned First Lieutenant, Engineers, U. S. A. He sailed for Prance, 
May 17, 1918. On August 15, 1918, he was promoted to Captain, 307th 
Engineers (Sapper Regiment), A. E. F. He served with conspicuous gal- 
lantry in the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives. 

He returned to the U. S., February 22, 1919, and was discharged, May 
27, following, and he resumed his duties as Adjunct Professor at the V. M. I. 
In June, 1920, he was promoted tO' Associate Professor of Electrical Engi- 
neering at the V. M. I., with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. 

Captain CONWAY R. HOWARD, Class 1900. From Virginia. 
17th Engineers, A. E. F. 

Commissioned First Lieutenant, Engineers, soon! after the United States 
declared War, Promoted to Captain. Went to France in July, 1917, with 
the 17th Engineers. 

Remained with the A. E. F. until February, 1919, when he went to 
Croatia with the Relief Commission. Was in Zegret, the Capital, until Au- 
gust, 1919. He then accepted a position on a Board established by Hon. 
Herbert C. Hoover, for the re-construction of the Railway and feeding the 
children of Austria, with headquarters in Vienna. Head of Board, Colonel 
Causey. He is still engaged in this noble relief work (June, 1920). 

Captain ROBERT C. SNIDOW, Class 1910. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, 3rd Army, A. E. F. 
In June, 1917, he relinquished his work as Senior Assistant Professor 
of the V. M. I. and accepted the appointment of Second Lieutenant, Coast 
Artillery Corps. Soon, he was prom.oted to First Lieutenant and went over- 
seas. Letters came as frequently as possible to his widowed mother, but, 
while they breathed the spirit of the patriotic soldier, they gave very little 
information to appease his anxious friends. However, it was learned that 
he was performing a most important service as Senior Instructor in a Tractor 
School near Paris, and was, besides. Director of all Automobile Courses and 
A-rtillery Maneuvres. Later, he was promoted to Captain, Coast Artillery 



234 ViEGiNiA Military Institute — World War Becord 

Corps. He was still overseas as late as February, 1920, in Poland (his mother 
wrote) with the American Sanitary Relief Expedition. He was in command 
of the American Force there as late as December, 1919. He said it was very 
cold, but he was well. 

It is hoped he has returned home now. It is a disappointment that 
fuller details can not now be given of his service overseas; but all who know 
this fine officer are sure it was conspicuously distinguished. 

Captain WILLIAM F. BOWE, JR., Class 1910. From Georgia. 
Engineers, A. E. F. 

Called into active service, September 25, 1918, with commission of 
Second Lieutenant, Engineers, U. S. R. Was two months at E. O. T. C, 
American University, Washington, D C, and one month at Camp Mc- 
Clellan, Anniston, Alabama. 

He then went to France, under orders from the War Department,, in ac- 
cordance with the request of the C. G., A. E. F., for four hundred Engineer 
Officers. He was stationed at the General Intermediate Storage Depot, 
Gievres, throughout his entire service in France, during which time he as.- 
sisted in constructing this Depot. He was promoted twice. He returned to 
United States, July 5, 1919, with the rank of Captain, Engineers. 

At present in General Contracting business at Augusta, Georgia. 

Captain WILLIAM R. KRAFT, Class 1912. From New York. 
309th Infantry, A. E. F. 

Commissioned First Lieutenant, Reserve Corps, May 1, 1917. Assigned 
to 309th Infantry, August 29, 1917. Sailed for France, May 15, 1918. Pro- 
moted to Captain, September 2, 1918. Saw action on fronts and in offensives, 
as follows: Ypres, Arras, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. 

Returned to United States, June 1, 1919. 

Discharged, June 24, 1919. 

Present occupation, dealer in Motor Trucks, 257 Albany Avenue, King- 
ston, N. Y. 

Captain ROBERT J. THROCKMORTON, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
Headquarters Troop, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

Sergeant, 1st Virginia Cavalry (Virginia National Guard) on Mexican 
Border, 1916-1917. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, August 15, 1917. Assigned to SOth Divi- 
sion at Camp Lee, Virginia. Promoted, January, 1918, 1st Lieutenant, Head- 
quarters Troop, SOth Division. Sailed for overseas with the Division on 
May 24, 1918. 

He was with the 80th Division in all of its engagements at the front. 
He was promoted to Captain, Headquarters Troop, 80th Division, November 
1, 1918, and was in command of the Troop at the time of the Armistice. 

He went with the Army of Occupation to Germany. 

He was discharged from the Service, June 4, 1919, and he returned to his 
pre-war position as Assistant Electrical Engineer of Virginia Railway and 
Power Company, in charge at Norfolk, Virginia, 

Home, Richmond, Virginia. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Aldmni (Cont'd) 235 

Captain LACY L. TRINKLB, Class 1911. From Virginia. 
308th Engineers, A. B. F. 

He entered the first Officers' Training Camp at Presidio, California, May 
12, 1917, and was commissioned Captain, Engineers, August 10 and as- 
signed to the 308th Engineers. He was ^overseas eleven months, and saw 
service in the following campaigns: Aisne-Meuse, Oise-Aisne, St. Mihiel and 
Meuse-Argonne, with the 3rd Army Corps. He was also in the Army of 
Occupation on the Rhine. 

After his discharge, he returned to his pre-war position of Division 
Engineer for the Elk Horn Coal Corporation, Wheelwright, Kentucky. 

Permanent address, Dublin, Virginia. 

His brother. Captain Robert J. Trinkle, Graduate, Class 1914, was also 
in the Service, but was not sent overseas, to his great disappointment. 

Captain JOSEPH S. HAGENBUCH, Class 1911. From Pennsylvania. 
Sanitary Corps, 17th Engineers, A. E. F. 

Enlisted when War was declared. Appointed Sergeant, 17th Engineers, 
Sanitary Corps. Sailed for France. Promoted First Lieutenant. Promoted 
Captain, May, 1919. At last report, January 12, 1920, he was still in France, 
in full charge of American Red Cross Station at Bordeaux, with three hun- 
dred labourers and fifty oflicers and men, inventorying two and a half 
million dollars of stock. He had the honour of being an officer in the 1st 
Army at Issur Telle; in charge of Sanitary Department, 2nd Army, at Toul; 
in charge of M. S. D. in 3rd Army at Coblenz. He was winding up the 
Supply Department and was doing a Major's jwork. He was recommended 
for promotion to Major, but the Armistice came too soon. 

H^ was discharged, after distinguished service in the Army overseas, on 
September 6, 1919, to take up Red Cross work overseas. 

These two brothers served with distinction as Captains in the Medical 
Corps, during the War: 

Captain A. WYLIE MOORE, Class 1898. From South Carolina. 
Volunteered in Medical Corps, Air Service. Stationed at Mitchell Field, 
U. S. 

Captain BAXTER S. MOORE, Class 1899. From South Carolina. 
Volunteered in Medical Corps, A. E. F. Stationed at Surgical Clinic in 
New York. Then six months in France, in charge of Brain and Spinal 
Cord Hospital, near Verdun (1918). 

Captain ROBERT ROYAL KNIGHT, Class 1914. From Virginia. 

Adjutant and Personnel Officer, 112th Heavy Artillery, U. S. A. 
Later, Commander of Receiving Station at Camp McClellan (7,000 Recruits). 

[Special to The Richmond Times-Dispatch il 

"Annlston, Ala., August 3, 1918.— Captain Robert R. Knight, one of tho 
best known Virginia officers in the 'Blue and Gray' Cantonment, has been 
designated as Camp Commander for the Receiving Station by Brigadier 
General T. N. Hern, and the area which has been set aside for the 2,000 negro 



236 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

draftees from Alabama, Georgia and Florida, and the first 5,000 recruits 
from Fort Slocum, is one of the busiest parts of the Government Reservation. 

"Captain Knight has been furnished with a sufficient number of non- 
commissioned officers, clerks and privates from the different organizations 
in the Cantonment for the conduct of the new portion of the Camp being 
opened up this week, and already he has the area in the best possible shape 
for the reception of the several thousand recruits expeoted any day from 
the differ.ent Cantonments, now being used as supply depots. 

"Captain Knight is an Alumnus of the Virginia Military Institute. He 
was originally a member of the Fourth Virginia Infantry, being elected second 
lieutenant of Company 'I,' in 1915. He was promoted to the first lieutenancy 
of the same organization in 1917, and during the same year was promoted 
to the grade of captain and transferred to the One Hundred and Fourteenth 
Infantry. Later, he was transferred to the One Hundred and Twelfth 
Heavy Field Artillery, serving as regimental adjutant, and, since the 'Blue 
and Grays' troops moved out, has been Adjutant and Personnel Officer at 
Camp Headquarters." 

Captain RICHARD H. CLEMMER, Class 1911. From Virginia. 
351st Field Artillery, A. E. F. 

Received commission at second Fort Myer Officers' Training Camp, 
November 2G, 1917, as Captain. He was assigned to the 351st Field Artillery 
and sailed for France with his battery. He saw service in action with his 
Division in all its engagements and won distinction. As an evidence, he 
was placed on detached service at Cambridge University for several months, 
ending June 30, 1919. 

His father had four sons who volunteered for the War; three were in 
the Service and one of them was killed in action. The remaining son was 
exempted — spared to the patriotic father in his old age — to carry on the farm. 

Captain SIDNEY ALLEN CHARLTON, Class 1907. From Texas. 
343rd Field Artillery, 90th Division, A. E. F. 

When the United States declared War on Germany, he at once put aside 
his law business and entered the first Officers' Training Camp at Leon 
Springs, Texas, from which he was graduated as Captain. He was assigned 
to the 343rd Field Artillery, 90th Division. With this Division' lie went 
to France. He was Battalion Adjutant, and, later, Regimental Adjutant. 
He participated with distinction in all the engagements of his Division, 
during his service in the A. E. F. of one year less two weeks. 

After the Armistice he served with the Army of Occupation. Upon his 
discharge from Service, he resumed the practice of his profession, in Dallas, 
Texas. Office, 1023% Main Street. 

Captain FRANK B. HUTTON, JR., Class 1913. From Virginia. 
Medical Corps, Field Hospital No. 127, 32nd Division, A. E. F. 
He had a narrow escape on the ill-fated Tuscania, on his way to 
France, but was unhurt by the torpedoeing of that vessel. He received a 
commission as First Lieutenant, Medical Corps. . He was promoted to Cap- 
tain soon after arrival in France, and was with Field Hospital No. 127, 32nd 
Division. He was in every drive in which the American Army participated- ■ 
from Chateau Thierry to the Argonne. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 237 

He has returned home, and his rank is now Captain, Medical Corps, 
Regular Army. 

Home, Abingdon, Virginia. 

Captain RICHARD C. COUPLAND, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, A. E. F. Detailed to Aviation Service. 
Commissioned First Lieutenant, Coast Artillery Corps, December, 1917. 
Transferred to Aviation Service. Sailed for overseas where he served for 
fifteen months. 

He was an aviator in Italy during the Italian Aviation Drive; and was 
made a member of the Italian Aviation Club, in recognition of service ren- 
dered to Italy. He afterwards served on the Western front where he was 
promoted to a Captaincy in tlie Coast Artillery Corps. 

Since the Armistice he has been stationed at Gloucester, Masis., at the 
Radio Dynamic Torpedo Station there, engaged in research work that will 
place the United States ahead ot all other countries when the next War comes. 

Captain Coupland has won remarkable distinction in the Service. 

Captain GUSTAVE R. GERSON, Class 1912. From Texas. 
Medical Corps, B. E. F. and A. E. F. 

Appointed First Lieutenant, Medical Corps, March, 1917. Sent to 
France in Medical Reserve Corps for service with the British Expeditionary 
Force, June 2, 1917. Served first with the Division of Scotch Highlanders. 
Then attached to the Royal Field Artillery. Was in all the fighting in 
Flanders. At Cambrai he was temporarily detailed as Field Hospital Com- 
mander until relieved by the Reserve. He was wounded in action several 
times, and was decorated for valour. In February, 1918, he was transferred 
from the British Force to the A. E. F. and was promoted to Captain. 

After his return home and discharge from the Service, he resumed his 
profession in Houston, Texas. Address, 2502 La Branch Street. 

Captain REMBRANDT P. KEEZELL. Class 1914. From Virginia. 
Commanding Company "H," 319th Infantry, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

Entered first Officers' Training Camp, at Fort Myer, Virginia, May 14, 
1917. Commissioned Captain, Infantry, August 14, 1917, and assigned to 80th 
Division at Camp Lee, Virginia. Reported for duty, August 27, 1917, and 
assigned to command Company "K," 319th Infantry. He remained with this 
command throughout the War. 

He participated in all the engagements of the 80th Division— 'major en- 
gagements, Meuse-Argonne Offensive, all three phases. (Casualties of Com- 
pany "H." 319th Infantry, 27 killed and 78 wounded.) 

Service overseas thirteen months. 

Discharged at Camp Dix, Nev/ Jersey, June 5, 1919. 

Present occupation. Circulation Manager of Daily News>-Record of Har- 
risonburg, Virginia. Home, Keezletown, Va. 

Captain Keezell's younger brother, Nathaniel H. Keezell, was graduated 
in 1919. He was a candidate for commission when the Armistice occurred. 



238 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

These two Graduates are sons of the Hon. George B. Keezell, the dis- 
tinguished Chairman of the Finance Committee of the Senate of Virginia 
for so many years. 

Captain RALPH M. DAVENPORT, Class 1912. From Colorado. 
Ammunition Train, Motor Section, 1st Division, A. E. F. 
Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, August 15, 1917. Sailed for 
France with 1st Division. Promoted 1st Lieutenant, August 29, 1917. In 
all the fighting with his Division. Slightly wounded in March, 1918. Pro- 
moted Captain. In command of Ammunition Train, Motor Section, 1st 
Division. 

Home, 1531 Ogden Street, Denver, Colorado. 

Captain GUNYON M. HARRISON, Class 1907. From Virginia. 
Headquarters Company, 116th Infantry, 29th Division, A. E. F. 

He served on the Border in 1916-1917 as Captain, Company "L," 1st 
Virginia Infantry. Called back into Federal Service on declaration of Wpr 
with Germany. Commissioned Captain, Headquarters Company, llGth In- 
fantry, 80th Division. 

He sailed for France with his unit and participated in the actions in 
which it was engaged, and behaved with great gallantry. He was the only 
officer of his Company left after the terrific (Trive of his Division, all his 
lieutenants having been killed. 

On October 18, 1918, he was very severely wounded, and was in Hospital 
for over a year. 

It is regretted that more details of service are not in hand, and that 
there has been received no recent tidings of this brave officer's condition. 

Captain DAVID M, WADDEY, Class 1913. From Virginia. 
Coast Artillery Corps, A. E. F. 

He saw service on the Mexican Border, 191G-1917, as Sergeant, 1st Vir- 
ginia Cavalry. August 15, 1917, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Coast 
Artillery Corps. Soon promoted to 1st Lieutenant; and went to France in 
September, 1917. December, 1917, received training at Heavy Artillery 
School In France. Promoted Caplain, Coast Artillery Corps (44th Artillery). 

Served overseas from September 12, 1917 to June 15, 1919, with great 
honour. 

After his return home fmd discharge, he became Secretary of the 
Everett Waddey Company, Richmond. Virginia. 

Captain GEORGE W. POLK, Class 1909. From Texas. 
Gist Field Artillery Brigade, A. E. F. 

Commissioned, May IG, 1917, Captain, Jst Texas Cavalry. Transferred 
to Captain, Battery "C," 132nd Field Artillery, 3Gth Division, on October 15, 
1917. April, 1918, completed course, School of Fire, Fort Sill, Oklah.oma. 
June, 1918, ordered to France for advance training in Field Artillery. 
Completed course at Coetquidan, France, and ordered to report to Gist 
Field Artillery Brigade, at Redon, and remained with this organization dur- 
ing its entire service in France. 

Landed, United States, April, 1919, and discharged at Camp Bowie, Texas 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 239 

This scion of a distinguished family added fresh lustre to the honoured 
name by his splendid service in the World War. 

He returned to the practice of law, after his service abroad. Address, 
302 Reynolds Building, Fort Worth, Texas. 

Captain FRANCIS M. BROWN, Class 1918. From Alabama. 
Commanding 320th Field Artillery, 82ik1 Division, A. E. F. 
He enlisted in the National Guard of Alabama in April, 1917. Sent to 
Officers' Training Camp in May, 1917. Commissioned Captain, Field Artillery, 
at the close of th,e Camp. Assigned to 320th Field Artillery, 82nd Division. 
Sailed for France with this Division. Saw ser^ace at St. Mihiel and in the 
Argonne, in command of a "75" Battery. In France one year. 

On his discharge from the Service, he resumed his law practice, at 
Birming'hiam, Alabama. 

Captain CHARLES T. HOLTZMAN, JR., Class 1915. From Virginia. 

Operations Officer, llCth Infantry (Regular), 29th Division, A. E. F. 

He served on tlie Mexican Border as Second Lieutenant, Company "I," 
2ud Virginia Infantry, 191G-1917. 

Recalled to Federal Service on declaration of War and commissioned 
Second Lieutenant, H. Q. Company, 116th Infantry (Regular), 29th Division. 
Promoted to First Lieutenant, Company "H," 116th Infantry and made 
Battalion Operations and Intelligence Officer. Sailed for overseas with his 
Division. Promoted Captain, 116th Infantry, Operations Officer. 

He was in all the engagements in which the 29th Division served. 

After the Armistice he had four months' service as Convoying Officer 
for the Polish Army from> France, and then from Germany, back to Poland. 

Disdharged, Camp Lee, September 3, 1919. 

Returned to pre-war service with the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, 
Engineering Department. Now Assistant Division Engineer, Huntington 
Division. 

Home, Luray, Virginia. 

Captain HENRY PERCIVAL GRAY, JR., Class 1918. From Virginia. 
51st (Regular) Infantry. 

Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, 51st (Regular) Infantry, August 15, 1917. 
Promoted 1st Lieutenant, June, 1918. Sailed for France, and participated 
with honour in all the actions in which his organization served. 

In General Pershing's Third "Composite" (Escort) Regiment in France 
and England. 

Promoted to Captain, October, 1919. 

He continues in the Service. 

Home, 605 W. Grace Street, Richmond, Virginia. 

Captain JOSEPH S. WALTON, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
Regimental Adjutant, 811th Pioneer Infantry, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, at Fort Myer, Vir- 
ginia, August 15, 1917. Assigned to duty with 155th Depot Brigade at Camp 
Lee, Virginia. Commissioned First Lieutenant, Infantry, January 13, 1918, 



240 Virginia Military Instituie — World War Record 

and appointed Adjutant, Second Section, 155th D. B. Oommissioned Cap- 
tain, Infantry, July 20, 1918, and assigned to 811th Pioneer, Infantry, Camp 
Dix, N. J. Appointed Regimental Adjutant of this Regiment on its forma- 
tion. 

Reached France, October, 1918. Served with his regiment there until 
January 13, 1919. 

Discharged from Service, August 15, 1919. 

His promotions prove his fine soldiership. 

Captain JOHN L. McKEE, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
7tl> (Regular) Infantry, 3rd Division, A. E. F. 

In January, 1917, he took the examination for Second Lieutenant of 
Infantry, Regular Army; successfully passed it and was commissioned. 
On August 5, 1917, he was promoted to the rank of Captain, and has held 
that rank since. He was graduated from the 2nd Army Corps School in 
France with grade of "Excellent." Ho served with the 7th Infantry, 3rd 
Division, overseas, from February to October, 1918, and took part in four 
major engagements. He was injured when h.is horse was killed in battle, 
and was invalided home. 

Since his return to the United States, he has served with the 21st 
Infantry, 16th Division, which, was still his assignment when last heard 
from (March 26, 1920). 

Captain EDWARD RANDOLPH MICHAUX, Class 1917. From North Carolina. 
Commanding Company "L," 60th U. S. Regular Infantry, 5th. Division. A. E. F. 

He was with the National Guard of North Carolina on the Mexican 
Border, 1916-1917, as First Sergeant, 2nd N. C. Infantry. 

As soon as his unit was demobilized, after War with Germany had 
been declared, he entered the Federal Service, receiving a commission as 
First Lieutenant, Infantry, November 26, 1917. He was assigned to Com- 
pany "L," 60th U. S. (Regular) Infantry, " and went overseas with his 
regiment. On October 12, 1918, he was wounded in action. After about a 
month in the Hospital, he returned to duty. In this action he commanded 
his Company. His Captain, who was in command of the battalion, was 
killed, and four Lieutenants of his Company were wounded in this action. 
He received his promotion to the Captaincy of his Company for conspicuous 
gallantry, soon afterwards, his commission dating from October 4, 1918; 
and he received an Official Citation for conspicuous bravery in action from 
a General Officer. 

After the Armistice, he served with his command in the Army of 
Occupation in Germany. 

Soon after the return of his organization to the United States, he 
resigned from the Service. 

He is now in the I/eaf Tobacco business, with headquarters at Mt. 
Sterling, Kentucky (J. P. Taylor Company). Home, Goldsboro, N. C. 

Captain Michaux had completed all but the First Class course, when 
he volunteered for Service on the Mexican Border, and was serving still in 
the National Guard, when his Class was graduated. By his long and dis- 
tinguished service in the defense of his Country, and his fine record at the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 241 

V. M. I., for three years, he is believed to have well earned his Diploma 
from his Alma Mater, and she will honour herself by bestowing it upon 
him. This is the judgment of all who know this splendid and loyal 
Alumnus. 

Captain EDGAR C. OUTTEN, Class 1912. From Virginia. 

1st Lt., 17th F, A., U. S, A., A. E. F., and later promoted to Captain 

36th F. A., U. S. A. 

Sergeant, Field Artillery, Virginia National Guard, November, 1915- 

May, 1917. From June 19, 1916 to March, 14, 1917, and again from April 

2 to May 31, 1917, he was with the Virginia National Guard in Federal 

Service. 

May 31, 1917 to August 15, 1917, he served at the First Officers' Train- 
ing Camp at Fort Myer. On the last named date he was commissioned 
1st Lieutenant in the Field Artillery Reserve Corps. 

He left the U. S. for foreign service, September 7, 1917. He was in 
training at the Ecole d'Artillerie, Fontainebleau, France, from September 
24 to November 30, 1917. At School of Fire, Saumer, France, December 1- 
31, 1917, receiving a Certificate of Service. 

He was assigned to the 17th F. A., 2d F. A. Brigade, 2d Division, A. E. F., 
on January 12, 1918. 

He served with this organization until August 11, 1918, as follows: 
At Firing Centre, Valdahon, France, January-February, 1918. 
In Verdun Sector, Western Front, March, April and May, 1918. 
At Chateau Thierry, May 31-July 13. 

In Soissons-Chateau Thierry Counter-Offensive, July 18-August 1, 1918. 
In Lorraine, August, 1918. 
Ordered to U. S., arriving September 1, 1918. 

Temporarily attached to 33rd F. A., Camp Meade, Md., September 9-16, 
1918. 

Promoted to Captain and assigned to 36th F. A., Camp McClellan, Ala., 
(per W. D. Tel., September 13, 1918.) • 

In command of Battery "A," 36th F. A., September 19, 1918-February 
7, 1919. 

Honourably discharged as Captain February 7, 1919, at Camp McClellan, 
Ala. Accepted commission as Captain, Field Artillery Reserve Corps, April 
23, 1919. 

This gallant son of the V. M. I. made a record in the World War to 
be proud of. The blood of martyrs runs in his veins, for his maternal 
grandfather. Captain Joseph W. Clanton, of Virginia, gave his life for 
the Confederate cause at Marietta, Georgia. It is not strange then that from 
his earliest youth he was imbued with a martial spirit which found a field 
for its fullest development in the great War from which we have just 
emerged with so much honour. 

Captain Outten's bravery is exceeded only by his modesty. It is such 
men as he his Alma Mater delights to honour. 

These verses on "Preparedness," written by the subject of thig special 
notice early in 1916, appeared in the Richmond Times-Dispatch at that time: 



242 VinciiNiA Military Insiitute — Would Wak Kecoud 

AMERICA'S DEFENDERS. 

America, we are thy sons, 

And we shall keep thee free. 
For in our veins there flows the blood 

Of Washington and Lee. 

No foreign flag upon thy soil 

Shall we allow to stand; 
No iron shackles from abroad 

Shall touch thy foot or hand. 

They mock thy army, say 'tis small. 

Thy navy, too, they scorn; 
Have they forgot the laurels won 

Since freedom here was born? 

They say thy untrained citizens 

Will never soldiers be; 

Have they forgot those valiant men 

Who fought with Robert Lee? 

/ 

America, thy sons are true. 

And if thou wilt but call, 
Ten million men will give to thee 

Their homes, their lives, their all. 

For thou dost stand for what is right. 

For "freedom of the seas'.'; 
God grant the Stars and Stripes may float 

Forever in the breeze! 

Of the more than two hundred and sixty First Lieutenants who served 
in the Army alone, only the following can be specially mentioned here, 
because the details of service are still lacking: 

First Lieutenant HENRY JOUETTE GEIGER, Class 1902. From Virginia. 
Chaplain, 51st (Regular) Infantry, Gth Division, A. E. F. 

As far as known, there were but four Graduates who served throughout 
the War as Chaplains, namely: 

Major William W. Brander, Clsss 1887. 8th Cavalry, U. S. A. (Retired 
in .lanuary, 1020, after nearly twenty years' faithful service with the 8th 
Cavalry) ; 

Captain William T. Willis. Class 1905. 150th Infantry, A. E. F.; 

First Lieutenant Henry J. Geiger, Class 1902. 51st (Regular) Infantry, 
A. E. F.; and 

Captain Robert C. George, Class 1887. U. S. A. 

The first three are Clergymen of the Episcopal Church, and are Vir- 
ginians. The fourth is from Texas, and is a Minister of the Methodist 
Episcopnl Church, South. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 243 

It is regretted that the full details of service of Major Brander and of 
Captains Willis and George are not yet in hand. 

First Lieutenant Geiger's splendid service is known, and it is due him, 
and the important branch of the Service to which he is attached, that the 
facts be given here. 

First Lieutenant Geiger's whole life may be truthfully characterized as 
one of Service — service to God and service to his fellowmen. He is, withal, 
a born soldier. He comes of a race of soldiers. His father was a Con- 
federate Soldier. And all the high ideals of the true soldier inhere in him. 
He deliberately chose the sacred ministry as his vocation in life — no other 
appealed to him like that. But he has never lost his love for things mill-, 
tary. Wherever his home has been, since his ordination 'to the Christian 
Ministry, he has been a soldier — a member (Chaplain) of the National Guard. 
In Kentucky, he was Chaplain in that State's armed force, and, later, in 
Alabama, he became Chaplain of one of the leading Military organizations. 
When her State troops were mobilized for service on the Mexican Border,.. 
in 1916, he was with them. This somewhat active experience in the field, 
that savoured of War, served but to' increase and emphasize h.is desire for 
a soldier's career, in connection with his work in his sacred calling. And 
so he applied for a commission as Chaplain in the regular Army, and re- 
ceived it, in August, 1917. He immediately reported for duty with the 51st 
(Regular) Infantry at Chickamauga Park, Georgia. There, his regiment re- 
mained until the latter part of June, 1918, when it was ordered to Camp 
Mills, New York, from which station it was ordered to embark for Liver- 
pool, July 17tli. In a few days after arriving in England, his regiment 
reached France. 

The duties of a U. S. Chaplain, in this great War, were manifold. 
Besides looking after the souls of the men under his spiritual charge, he 
was required to look after their bodies and their material comfort, as well, 
in a measure. On the field of battle, at the advance Emergency Hospitals, 
he was a valuable assistant to the Surgeons. When the dead could be 
reached, he buried the riddled bodies, with Christian rites, though without 
formal ceremony — often where the shells and machine-gun bullets were 
thickest. Visitation of the v/ounded and sick was one of his paramount 
duties and pleasures. Wherever religious, mental, or bodily comfort was 
needed, there he found ib is post of duty. But other duties were his — not 
connected with his sacred calling. He had to assist the Graves Registra- 
tion Service, and he was called on to perform a hundred other services. 
In fact, he was probably, after the Surgeon, the hardest worked officer of 
the regiment. One of his duties was to act as "Town Major," that is, to 
remain behind, when his regiment removed from its station in a town 
and settle all proper claims that were presented; to remove all Government 
property — ammunition, supplies, etc. (for which he was given a detail of 
enlisted men and the necessary trucks) ; to see that the place vacated by 
th,e troops was left in a proper sanitary condition; and to perform such 
other acts as might be devolved by superior authority on him. All these 
duties were performed by First Lieutenant Geiger, Chaplain of the 51st 
Infantry. So he was always a very busy officer in the A. E. F. 



244 Virginia Military Institute — World War Becord 

At Arc-en-Barrois, Haute Marne, his regiment was in training (in 
billets) until the latter part of August, 1918. It was here he first served 
as Town Major, when the troops left the trenches about August 27. 
He re-joined the regiment in the Leming Sector, in Alsace, in a few days. 
Here the regiment remained until September 10, and here First Lieutenant 
Geiger was first under shell fire — for two hours, on September 9. On the 
10, the regiment was transferred to Lac Noir Sector, Alsace. Here the 
regiment was shelled daily. Its work consisted in patrolling "No Man's 
Land," raiding, and generally keeping the Enemy busy — "And the Enemy 
seemed obsessed," said Lieutenant Geiger, "with the same purpose, as to 
us." The artillery fire was incessant, and the regiment suffered quite a 
number of losses. Infa.ntry engagements were mere raids, and patrol clashes 
were sometimes severe, and then of minor importance. 

On October 12, the regiment was sent to a Rest Area, in the rear, to 
fill up with replacements, and to re-equip, or to re-place shortages. In 
the meantime, while the regiment was at rest near Gerardmer, he was 
ordered forward with an "Advance Party" to Souilly (First Army Head- 
quarters), Department of the Meuse, and then on to Rambluzan, to prepare 
for the regiment entering the lines, NSrth of Verdun. He staid there until 
October 24, and then proceeded, by orders, to Camp des Roumaines, in 
the Argonne, and thence on to Ippecourt, where he and his detail were sub- 
jected to severe aerial bombardment. He waited for two days in an 
abandoned camp for the regiment to come up. From then on the regi- 
ment was in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, until in sight of Sedan, when it 
was withdrawn, on November 6, and ordered into the line at Bois-de 
Champneuville, seven miles from Verdun. The regiment had retraced its 
steps and was at Cornay, when the Armistice was signed. It continued to 
retrace its steps (on foot), reaching Recey-sur-Ourco, December 8. On De- 
cember 12, he was ordered to Colmiers-le-Bas, as Town Major. He took 
over the Commune and remained in charge of it. On April 26, 1919, the 
regiment left for Germany, but he staid behind as Town Major to clean up 
the town, which work was finished on May' 2, and he then returned the 
Commune to the French authorities. He was ordered to proceed to Toul, 
for the same purpose, and then to Metz, and thence to Luxemburg, and on 
the following day to Coblenz; and the next day he reported to his regiment 
at Eller, on the Moselle River, and was permanently billeted at Bremen, 
three miles from Eller. Here he staid until the regiment left Germany, in 
June. While there he visited Cologne, Bonn, Coblenz, Mainz, Bingen and 
Wiesbaden, and had a "Howling Good Time," he said. 

While at Bremen, he frequently visited the nearby towns and villages 
to see the men of the regiment billeted in them. He was at Cochem the day 
Major Hammond Johnson, Class 1904, dropped dead, and he buried Lira in 
the German Cemetery there, on the Moselle River. 

About the 28 of May, the regiment was ordered to Brest, and in a few 
daj'^s, embarked for home, arriving at New York, June 12, 1919. It then 
proceeded to Camp Merritt; and then into Canada; and then to Detroit; 
and then to Camp Grant, near Chicago, where he has been stationed ever 
since, except when with a recruiting detachment, touring Wisconsin and 
Illinois in trucks. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 245 

He was several times knocked down bj' shells bursting, but never re- 
ceived a scratch, though he was , always on duty with the front line as 
Regimental Chaplain, and never on any line but the front. Every regi- 
ment had three chaplains — one in the front line, one in the support line 
and one in the reserve line. Many of his burials were conducted under 
fire, and several in "No Man's Land,'' in the dark. 

But such a running account as that above given can not show the 
countless acts of mercy and love and deeds of valour performed by this 
Chaplain, in the times of stress and peril, in which he took such an active 
part. He was at the beck and call of every living man in his regiment 
and of all its honoured dead, as well. Aye, that was one of his chief duties — 
to perform "the last sad rites" of the Church over his fallen comrades, 
whenever and wherever they made the supreme sacrifice. His place — all 
who know this practical Christian and brave soldier know of a surety — 
was always on the front line where lurked the "King of Terrors"; but 
Geiger had no fear of him. 

It is fitting to recall here the heroic deed he performed on April 1, 1912, 
when the waters of the Mississippi deluged the town of Hickman, Kentucky, 
where he lived and ministered, when he rescued from watery graves, two 
women ard two children, at the imminent risk of sacrificing his own life 
(but that gave him no concern). It was for this sublime act, this crucifixion 
of Self, that, upon the recommendation of his fellow-townsmen, the Carnegie 
Hero Fund Commission awarded him a bronze medal and one thousand 
dollars. He consecrated this gift to the education, in part, of his little son, 
when he should be old enough to enter the V. M. I. 

When a fellow Alumnus of the V. M. I. was foully murdered by a 
leading politician of his Kentucky town, and the officers of the town were 
slow in performing their duty in bringing the murderer to the bar of 
Justice, it was he who fearlessly sought and found the evidence to prosecute 
him. He was the organizer of the Boy Scouts of his town and the founder 
of the Juvenile Court there. 

He wrote the writer in 1912: 

"If there be credit due anyone for the duty I performed to the flood 
sufferers, it is to the Virginia Military Institute who gave me my State 
Cadetship, and to my heroic soldier brother who provided the other neces- 
sary means and made it possible for me to graduate at the V. M. I. where I 
learned the true meaning of Obedience and Duty, and I could not have 
been true to my Alma Mater, had I failed to have tried to do my full duty." 

t 
No wonder such a hero was wanted as a Chaplain in the Army! No 

wonder the members of the glorious "Fifty-first" hold him in everlasting 

admiration an^d love! 

An older brother, also a Graduate, Captain William C. Geiger, U. S. A., 
gave up his life, gallantly fighting in the Philippine Insurrection. 

It is such Graduates as these who honour their Alma Mater and their 
Country. And the V. M. I. will ever cherish their memory as one of the 
most precious jewels in her crown. 



246 Virginia Military Institute — World AVar Record 

First Lieutenant CLAUDE R. CAMMER, Class 1915, "Honour" Graduate and 

"First Captain." From Virginia. 

Maehine-Gun Company, 1st Division, A. E. F. 

He was commissioned First Lieutenant at the first Fort Myer Officers' 
Training Camp, May 9, 1917, and held that rank during his entire service. 
He sailed for overseas service, June 14, 1917, and went into the trenches on 
November 17, of that year. He was in command of his Machine-Gun Com- 
pany at the battle of Cantigny, May 28, 1918. He was also in the Counter- 
Offensive of July 18, 1918, west of Soissons. He was gassed at Cantigny 
and severely wounded — permanently disabled — in the action of July 18.' 
He was in Hospital in France, and tihen invalided home to Walter Reed 
General Hospital, at Washington, at which place he was honourably dis- 
charged, January 13, 1919. 

Lieutenant Gammer's wounds were very serious, though the fact was 
not known until he reached the Hospital in Washing:ton. A bullet ent3i"ed 
his breast, a little above the heart, and passed downward through the left 
lung, just missing .the kidney; and while waiting to be evacuated, he was 
again wounded by a shrapnel breaking several of his ribs, one piece pene- 
trating his left lung, and another his left shoulder. It was this last wound 
in the shoulder that has given him most trouble, as it injured the nerve 
and rendered the arm useless. 

During half of his service he commanded his outfit, and the remainder 
of the time was second in command. 

A high V. M. L Officer on the Staff of the Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., 
in a private letter to the Superintendent of the V. M. I., said (referring to 
the battle of Cantigny) : 

"One battalion of Infantry had to reinforce the line with some com- 
panies, in broad daylight, under a terrific bombardment of very heavy 
artillery and a deadly machine-gun fire, and, during a counter-attack, to 
carry ammunition forward. This battalion's commander was Major H. I. T. 
Creswell (V. M. I.), who personally led it in the attack, and the Machine- 
Gun Company in the battalion was commanded by Cammer who is making 
a fine record." 

First Lieutenant FOSTER VINCENT BROWN, JR., Class 1912. 
From Tennessee. 
— 28th Infantry, 1st Division, A. E. F. 

Enlisted at Officers' Training School at Fort Oglethorpe, and was com- 
missioned Second Lieutenant in August. 1917. He was among the first to 
volunteer for overseas duty. He arrived in France, September 1-10, 1917, 
with Company "F," 28th Infantry, in which command he remained. He 
was severely wounded at the Marne in July, 1918, and was in Hospital for 
some time. He was at the battle of St. Mihiel. He was severely gassed in 
the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, and was still in Hospital when the Historio- 
grapher heard of him last (January, 1919). He was promoted to First 
Lieutenant, and was awarded the "Croix de Guerre" for a gallant act, of 
which lie said nothing to his family, except that he had performed a "little 
stunt," which a French General witnessed, and he was then given this 
honour. But his father, Judge Brown, learned from other sources that the 
"little stunt" consisted in his carrying his Captain from the battlefield. 



SojviE OF THE Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 247 

under lieavy fire, after he himself had been severely injured, and that it was 
for this act of valour and sublime self-effacement he was decorated by the 
French Commander-in-Chief. 

His father said he was sure Lieutenant Brown "would not wish any- 
thing put in the V. M. I. record that would make any great claim for him." 
But it is just such heroes as he whom his Alma Mater wishes to memorialize. 

First Lieutenant CHARLES ARMAND MINTON, Class 1909. 
From New York City. 

Commanding Company "I," 305th Infantry, 77th Division, A. E. F. 
Died in the Service in France. 

He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, at the first Officers' 
Training Camp at Plattsburg, N. Y., August 15, 1917, having been a volun- 
teer for the duration of the War. He was assigned to duty as Second Lieu- 
tenant, Company "M," 305th Infantry, 77th Division, and served as such 
from the time of the formation of the regiment to January 1, 1918. Then, 
as First Lieutenant, to June 28; then, on detached service, purchasing horses 
for the Government. He re-joined his regiment, August 18. Was appointed 
Adjutant of the Third Battalion, September 17. Transferred to Company "I" 
which he commanded from September 28 to October 15. Evacuated sick. 
Died at his post in Evacuation Hospital No. 9, October 18, 1918. There were 
two reports — onei that he was wounded (gassed). But the immediate cause 
of his death was pneumonia, as his father wrote. He was in action with 
Company "M," at the Vesle and the Aisne, and commanded Company "I" 
at the Argonne in its first phase. 

The above is the information regarding his Service which the War 
Department gives. 

He was a son of Mr. J. McKim Minton, a prominent lawyer of New 
York, and a nephew of Hon. DeLancey Nicoll, and was a man of the highest 
ideals and always true to his Alma Mater. 

First Lieutenant THOMAS DWYER AMORY, Class 1916. From Delaware. 

2Gth Infantry, BMrst Division, A. E. F. 

Killed in action in France. 

Here the writer's pen falters, as well it may; but another tells the 
story of this heroe's deeds and death in true and eloquent words. 

He and his younger brother, First Lieutenant George S. Amory (also 
a V. M. I. boy), enlisted in the first Plattsburg Officers' Training School, and 
both were commissioned Second Lieutenants in August, 1917. 

Lieutenant Thomas Amory was told to be ready to sail at a moment's 
notice, and on September 8, 1917, he embarked from New York witJh the 26th 
Infantry (Regular), First Division. Abroad, Lieutenant Amory was picked, 
with three others of the First Division, to train at the Fifth British School 
of Scouting. Two of the others were killed within sixty days at their 
dangerous work of scouting, and Amory was wounded at Montdidier, May 
24, 1918, four days before the Cantigny fight in which sixty-two per cent 
of the oflficers of the 26th were killed. He returned to the trenches in Au- 
gust, but was not cured of his severe wound, and was really unfit for duty; 
but his dauntless spirit would brook no longer surcease from the duties 



248 ViKGiNiA Military Institotl — World War Eecord 

and dangers at tha front. The days passed and October 2 dawned. It was 
desired to locate the defense line of the German forces opposing his regi- 
ment, and it was necessary to send forward a patrol. So volunteers were 
called for to perform the hazardous duty. Of course, every officer re- 
sponded, but Amory was selected, and took out a patrol of sixty-four men. 
But let the Commander-in-Chief's Citation, accompanying the "D. S. C." 
awarded him, posthumously, tell the story, so pathetic and yet so glorious: 

"Second Lieutenant Thomas D. Amory. deceased, 26th Infantry. For 
extraordinary heroism in action near Verdun, France, October 2, 1918. 
Lieutenant Amory took out a patrol of sixty-four men, penetrating the 
Enemy's lines for the purpose of reconnoitering terrain over which an ad- 
vance was to be made on the following morning. When his patrol was 
fired on by machine-guns from all sides, this officer led three of his men 
forward to clear the machine-gun nests, placing the rest of his men under 
cover. He succeeded in overcoming one of these nests, and killing the crew; 
but as he was advancing on another gun, located about ten yards away, 
Lieutenant Amory was killed by a machine-gun bullet, his last words being: 
'We will take that nest or die trying.' " 

Lieutenant Charles Ridgoly, of New York, his dear friend and comrade, 
of the same regiment, wrote beautifully and most tenderly of him, telling 
h,0AV the men all wept when the survivors of the patrol came back and 
reported their commander's heroic death. He told of the mess cook, who 
begged to be given a rifle that he might avenge this officer, "the most popular 
and most beloved officer of the battalion," and "afraid of nothing," as his 
Major (later. Lieutenant Colonel), Barnwell Rhett Legge, of South Caro- 
lina, told one of Amory's V. M. I. comrades. 

The Editor of the loading journal of his home City th.us wrote of this 
valorous soldier and noble gentleman: 

* "0?s^E OF A Hundred Heroes." 
"It is a beautiful consolation to the father and friends of Lieutenant 
Thomas D. Amory that the action in which he lost his life, fighting to make 
the world free from the accursed grip of the damnable Hun, was picked 
out by General Pershing as one of the hundred of the bravest acts performed 
by the 2,000,000 American soldiers in a war wherein the valour of our men 
reached the highest test that can be applied to the human kind. Wilmington 
proudly insists that she shall share the glory won by this son of our citizen 
who mourns th,e loss of one so finely fit and perfectly attuned to serve the 
Country, and who yet rejoices that he had such an off-spring to give to the 
cause of liberty and Christianity. 

"General Pershing picked well in making this ohoiee to illustrate the 
efficiency and unfailing sense of appreciation of the American Soldier — 
that all he had, and was, belonged to the nation, and that he was unafraid 
to give this all, were he called upon. Lieutenant Amory knew no sense 
of danger, hesitation or dread. The opportunity came to him to immortalize 
himself at the darkest hour of the world's war, at a time when the cause 
of right and truth demanded that no man fail, or think of self, or pause, 
even though confronted with the assurance that death waited where the 
great cause called him. 



*In allusion to the article in the Ladies'' Home Journal in June-August, 
1919, wherein the Elditor gives brief sketches and photographs of "One 
Hundred Heroes" slain in France, whom the Commander-in-Chief named 
as those specially worthy to be immortalized. 



Some of the Specially Distingdislied Alumni (Cont'd) 249 

"Marching with, a handful of men into the jaws of death, with machine- 
guns pouring their deadly torrents of bullets from every quarter, requires 
more than heroism, as the world understands heroism. It demands a con- 
secration to God above, that is an inspiration to all who even read in pulse- 
less types of such an achievement. 

"Lieutenant Amory went to his death, as such men ever do, when rarely 
they are found, with rejoicing on his lips that he had done his part and 
had not considered in the sligihtest the peril to his own life. One after 
another of his men had fallen, some he had sent to cover, while he kept on 
until the Boche machine-gun found its mark. Then, even though knowing 
that his life was forfeited, it was not for 'him to murmur, or to bewail his 
passing, but he husbanded his last breath to shout to his little handful of 
men: 'We will take that nest or die trying.' He did both. 

"In all the valorous deeds of a war that developed the highest type of 
courage and inspired the highest sense of duty in those who followed the 
Stars and Stripes, there are none recorded that show so eloquently as this 
why the German armies were free to admit that they were undone, beaten, 
and regarded with fear the clean, alert men, the eager gymnasts, the men 
who lived in the open much, the men who through the freedom of their 
Country had learned to fear nothing, had acquired initiative and force, and 
were indeed invincible. 

"When the history of Germany's awful wrong is written we will find 
outstanding on the pages such, brilliant achievements as will make us proud 
as a people, but none, or few, will probably approach the magnificent dash 
of Lieutenant Amory, or bring more glory to the American Army. 

"We congratulate the father of the valorous young soldier that his son 
has won eternal and enduring fame, and we are proud as Wilmingtonians^ — 
yea, as Delawareans — for his deed is great enough to shed its glory over all 
our State — for having such a man to give to a cause so great, so intimately 
affecting all mankind. 

"When in these after days we as Delawareans set about to memorialize 
the deeds of our sons in some poor way, but the best we may, let us set a 
shaft or tablet to the man who, as he was dying on the field of battle^ 
the memorable Verdun — spent his last breath calling: 
" 'We will take that nest or die trying.' " 

Lieutenant Amory was promoted to First Lieutenant on September 5, 
but he made no official use of his new rank; he was occupied about more 
serious things then. 

The following 'letter from Lieutenant Charles Ridgely, mentioned above, 
to Lieutenant George S. Amory, shows how the fallen hero was loved for 
his sterling traits, while, at the same time, it does credit to the fine feelings 
of the gallant and modest gentleman who penned it: 

"February 27, 1919. 
"Dear Amory: 

"Yesterday I got your own long letter and the nicest kind of a letter 
from your father. It is utterly beyond me to express how it makes me 
feel — the attitude you all have taken toward me. Heavens, man, I did noth- 
ing. Certainly, I could not have done less than write Tom's father, when he 
was gone. And if there was anything extraordinary about my letter, it was 
that I felt worse about his going than I could have felt about anyone, except 
my own kid brother, who fought through with the 33rd Division. And you 
know that there is nothing extraordinary in the fact that I loved Old Tom. 
Wherever courage and gentleness and a clean heart command respect, he 
would have been loved. 

"I am sending this note home, for I suppose you are already on your 
way. I shall follow you before long with, Company 'I' of the 30Sth Infantry, 
in the 77th Division, where I have transferred to go home and get back to 
civil life. * * *. 



250 ViRGiJv'iA Military Institute — EWorld War Eecord 

"When I come back, I shall, of course, go to see your father, and I hope 
to meet you there. If occasion presents itself, I shall go myself to Eclise- 
fontaine and find where Tom rests. I have wanted to for a long time. 

"Please tell your father that the things he has written me, and written 
you, about me, put an ache in my heart; and I feel altogether unworthy, as 
I read his fine letters. 

"In timie, I have no doubt a 'Medal of Honour' will come to you for 
Tom. I wish I could tell you how his example helped me. His was a fine 
life, finely given. Why do the> always take the best, and let others of us 
through ? 

"Until I see you. 

Sincerely yours," 

In January, 1920, Lieutenant George S. Amory returned to France, 
taking his brother's First Sergeant, Charles W. O'Connor, with him, to find, 
if possible, his brother's grave on the battlefield. 

It is gratifying to know that they succeeded in their sacred mission, and 
that his brother's remains were removed to a French Cemetery, and there 
interred with religious ceremony, as it was his family's wish that they lie 
there, near where he gave his life to help save France. 

In this connection, the following extract from an article, entitled — "Back 
to the Battlefields," by Sergeant O'Connor, a Cleveland newspaper man, 
which recently appeared, will be read with interest. Sergeant O'Connor was 
wounded while serving with Company "D," 26th Infantry: 

"Suddenly, just a few weeks ago, I found myself leaning on the 
aftrail of the liner, La Lorraine, looking back at the Statue of Liberty, 
headed once more for France — in civies. 

"Going back, after more than a year, to the very ground in the Meuse- 
Argonne upon which my outfit, Company "D," 26th Infantry, had advanced 
in those wild days of October, 1918 — back to the ruined towns and the fields 
and ravines where so many comrades fell, and where a machine-gun finally 
got my range. 

"On this return there was to be a very definite test of memory of those 
scenes of battle. 

"My particular mission was to try to locate on a desolate hillside, the 
grave of an Officer of my Company, Lieutenant Thomas. D. Amory of Wil- 
mington, Del. 

"We had buried Lieutenant Amory in pitch darkness at midnight, Oct. 
4, 1918, after a mad day, near the hill-crest where he had been killed by 
machine-gun fire, while leading a daring day-light patrol. 

"The grave had been marked by a small cleft stake, bearing a silver 
identification tag—the only thing we could find, feeling in the darkness. 

"Later search had failed to find the burial place. It had not been 
possible for me to return, because I was hit, three days later, on patrol. 

"At the request of Lieutenant Amory's family, I sailed last December to 
search for the grave. I knew the spot was near a small town and a cross 
roads. And I felt I could go back there and locate the wrecked stable, the 
red-roofed farmhouse, the row of trees, th,e ridge, the pathway, and the 
little stake at the foot of the slope. 

"I remembered the sentence in the First Division Order which sent 
Lieutenant Amory out on his patrol — to find the Enemy, that gray morning 
of October 2. 'This patrol will be commanded by a particularly faithful and 
courageous officer.' 

"Then the memory of how this young officer, just returned to the fight- 
ing after being seriously wounded at Montdidier, looked back as he started, 
and grinned, and said: 'This is all in the game, old boy.' 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 251 

"Of that patrol of 75 men, about 30 came back in the next two days 
to tell how they advanced until machine-guns opened fire all about, killing 
Lieutenant Amory, and Sheppard and Clater, and Zak, and the rest, in- 
stantly. 

"'Man, there was as fine an officer as God ever made,' big Sergeant 
Yarboro had told me. tears in his eyes. He bad come back with one arm 
swinging loose. He had tried to carry his lieutenant out of tlie fire. 

"But halfway along the road from Gegnes to Exermont I caught sigbt 
of a ridge that seemed familiar. I jumped frojn the car, looked about, then, 
once more for me, I was back in it — back without the crash of shells, and 
the whistle of machine-gun bullets, and the sight of running men. There 
was the wrecked stable at the crossroads, the red-roofed farmhouse from 
which the murderous fire had come, the little stream — tlie very planks^ — we 
had dashed across. And there, on the ridge, were the shelter-holes where 
my Company had dug in at night, the tree that marked Company P. C, the 
ravine where battalion headquarters had been, and the dressing-station. 

"Straight to the end of the row of trees -we went. There, in the weeds, 
with thumping heart, I saw the little cleft stake, and the silver identification 
tag, and the pile of stones. * * *. 

"A new white cross has been added to the long rows at Argonne Ceme- 
tery. It is marked 'Thomas D. Amory, Lieutenant, 26th U. S. Inf.' " 

First Lieutenant JOHN CRAIG MILLER, JR., Class 1916. 

From West Virginia. 

Second Engineers, later, F. A., A. B. F. 

When War was declared, he was in New York, and he went immediately 
to Washington and offered h,is services to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army, 
and was told that he would be notifird in due time as to his appointment as 
an Officer in tlie Engineers. But he was impatient and went to Wheeling 
to see the Commander of the Pittsburgh Regiment of Engineers, but found 
that organization was already completed. He then enlisted in the first 
Engineer Training School at Fort Benjamin Harrison, where he remained 
five or six weeks, being then ordered to Fort Leavenworth. On August 10, 
1917, he received his commission of Second Lieutenant in the Second En- 
gineers, U. S. A. He had two weeks previously passed the examination for 
Field Artillery and was offered a commission in that branch of the regular 
Army, which he declined, preferring to remain in the Engineers. After his 
leave home, he was ordered back to Fort Leavenworth for additional in- 
structions, and to be an instructor there in some branches. After finishing 
that course in December be was given a short leave to visit his home, and 
then ordered to Camp Dodge, Des Moines, and, on January 20, was ordered 
to report to the General commanding at Hoboken for overseas duty. He 
sailed from New York, January 26, 1918, and arrived safely in France about 
February 10, his ship being in the convoy immediately in advance of the ill- 
fated Tuscania. 

He was on the front during March, April and the first of May, and then 
at a Training School; returned to the front later in May, and continued 
there all of June and a part of July, in the Toul Sector. He was with the 
Second Engineers, Second Division, which regiment was in the Drive the 
Allies started in the neighbourhood of Lucy-le-Bocage, a few miles from 
Chateau Thierry. 

A sergeant of Artillery, from his City, was in the same Drive and 
stated that Lieutenant Miller was thirty-eight days on the front under almost 



252 Virginia Military IjSistitute — World War Eecord 

continuous fire, and for twelve days especially in June, being under both 
shell and gas fire. He stated also that one night Lieutenant Miller went 
out with the thirty-seven men left in his platoon and returned the next 
morning with only seven, the others having been either killed or wounded. 
It was then he performed the gallant deed for wliich he later received both 
the "D. S. C." and the "Croix de Guerre." 

He was called to Headquarters, A. E F., July 19, and while there was 
transferred (at his request) to the Field Artillery, Regular Army, with a 
Second Lieutenant's Commission, receiving later promotion to th© grade of 
First Lieutenant. He was sent to the Artillery School for about three weeks 
to qualify for duty. 

A Lieutenant-Colonel, Judge Advocate General, at General Headquarters, 
A. E. F., a near neighbor and friend of his family in Huntington, wrote his 
father, August 1, 1918: 

"Your letter of July 2 has just reached me. I wrote you the other day 
that Craig had been here and had gone down towards Nice on a leave. 
He came in about the 18th of July, looking fine and was in fine spirits. He 
had in his possession an order, setting out that he had been appointed a 
provisional Second Lieutenant of Field Artillery, with rank from May 1 (as 
I remember the date). He told me that he had accepted it and was sent 
over here to report to the Commander-in-Chief and he expected to be as- 
signed to Staff duty, or sent to a School. After he reported here, he was 
told that it would be some days before his orders would come through, and, 
upon his application, he was given a leave of twelve days. Thereupon, he 
cleaned me out of all the money I had, and embarked for Nice. I admonished 
him in a fatherly way. He seemed to know what was going on at home and 
had some letters. My idea is that he will be sent to one of the Schools, and 
when he gets through with that, he will get on a Staff, and that seems 
to be his notion about it. 

"He seems to have gotten along well at the front, and had been in a 
scrap or two, and has received favourable comment from his Superior Officer 
for his conduct under fire, and I heard that he had been recommended for 
a decoration. Don't give yourself any concern about him, as he is getting 
along all right. He told me he was going to accept the regular commis- 
sion, as it carried with it more prestige; that he was sorry he did not take 
a regular commission a year ago, in which event he would now be a Captain. 
He further stated that it was not his purpose to stay in the Army, that he 
was fed up on this War, and when it was over, he was going to marry a 
rich girl and come home. He did not indicate that the girl had been 
selected, or, if selected, had been consulted about it." 

Lieutenant Miller wrote his parents from "The Heavy Artillery School, 
A. P. O. No. 733, A. E. F.," November 17, 191S: 

"I have never done so much work before in my life as I am doing now. 
Really, it is as one of the boys remarked — 'if you drop your pencil and take 
time to pick it up, you find yourself a month behind.' What I am doing is 
studying heavy artillery, and I am at Angers. The work is very interesting 
and also very hard, being quite complicated and technical. * * *. 

"I received your letter saying my commission as First Lieutenant, F. A. 
had come. I received a telegram last Wednesday from G. H. Q. to the same 
effect, so I am wearing white bars now, instead of gold. 

"You knew I was awarded the 'D. S. C back in June. It was presented 
to me Wednesday by General West. There was a special formation of all 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 253 

the troops at Angers — about 3,000 enlisted personnel and 700 officers, in- 
cluding twenty field officers and Generals." 

He also received the French "Croix de Guerre." 

The Commander-in-Chief's Citation with the "D. S. C." was as follows: 

"Second Lieutenant John Craig Miller, Jr., Engineers. About midnight, 
June 19-20, 191S, near Lucy-le-Bocage, with a few volunteers, entered a woods 
heavily shelled and gassed, and recovered two wounded members of his 
platoon." 

First Lieutenant Miller's father, J. C. Miller, was graduated in the 
Class of 1880, and is a most loyal, generous and devoted "Old Cladet." 

First Lieutenant JOHN C. NELSON, JR, Class 1918. From Virginia. 

119th Infantry, 30th Division, A. E. F. 

Prisoner of War. 

Left the Institute, June 8, 1917, for first Officers' Training Camp at 
Fort Myer, Virginia. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, U. S. R., 
August 15, and assigned to the 80th Division at Camp Lee. Transferred 
to the 30th Division at Camp Sevier, Sept. 2. Assigned to Co. "F," 2nd 
N. C. Infantry, which Company he remained with until March 1, 1919. The 
2nd North Carolina Infantry was changed, under the re-organization plan, 
to the 119th Infantry. Sailed from Philadelphia, May 6, 1918, on a British 
boat and landed at Liverpool, England, May 27, and at Calais, France, May 
28. Trained in the Licque Area during June, and went into the line at 
Ypres, early in July, for instruction with the British. Went to a School in 
July in the Southern part of France, and returned to his outfit on the first 
of August in the same area. Relieved the 33rd British Division in the Ypres 
Sector, August 15, and stayed there until September 4. During this time 
the Boche evacuated Mount Kemmel which was just to his right, and he 
took part in a little attack advancing about 1,500 or 2,000 yards. This was 
his first action, other than merely holding the line, and his unit was very 
successful. He moved from this sector on Sept. 7, and went in training for 
the fall advance between Cambrai and St. Quentin. Went into the line, 
September 27, and attacked the famous Hindenburg Line on the morning 
of September 29. Very successful in this attack, taking all the objectives 
and capturing 1,800 men and killing many more. He was captured that day 
about noon, with six other men from various companies of the regiment. 
His capture was due to the fact that his right flank was held up for a lonfe 
time, early that morning, and in the fog and smoke he got separated from 
his outfit. When captured he was within bombing distance of his objec- 
tive, and at least 2,000 yards ahead of the line. He found out later that the 
Division did not reach this objective (which was the last one) until around 
7 o'clock that evening. The line broke very easily, directly in front of him, 
and as communication was very poor, and vision still worse, he walked into 
a trap, without knowing it. 

The first three weeks of his captivity was anything but pleasant. He 
was moved from place to place, sometimes by train and sometimes walking. 
The nights were very sharp, and all suffered a great deal from the lack of 
food and clothing. He traveled at one time for thirty-six hours without 



254 Virginia Miijtaey Institute — World War Eecord 

food or water, other than a quarter of a loaf of black bread which was un- 
palatable. During his journey into Germany he went through two allied air 
raids, which, though not very pleasant, raised the air service in his estima- 
tion 100 per cent. His first stop in Germany, for any length of time, was 
at Karlsrhue. He was kept there locked in a room in an old American 
hotel for three days. After being questioned he was sent to a concentration 
camp in the heart of the town where he stayed for two weeks. Upon enter- 
ing this camp he was searched again, and everything he had succeeded in 
smuggling through previous inspections was taken from him. He got very 
good treatment here, as the American Red Cross had established its head- 
quarters, and the prisoners were given some good food through them. They 
were all given a good bath too, which was something none of them had had 
for at least three weeks, and some had been longer than that without one. 
At this camp there were officers from all the allied armies. Several of them 
tried to escape, but were not succef.sful. From here all the American officers 
were sent to Villingen which is near Constance, on the Swiss border. They 
were sent there about the middle of October and stayed until the 23 of 
November when they were started on their way back to France. At this 
camp Nelson met 1st Lieutenant R. B. Rhett, from Charleston, S. C, who 
graduated from the Institute in the Class of 1910, and Charlie Nash, of 
Class 1917, who were both prisoners. On November 29 he crossed the Swiss 
border, and, after a long day's journey through Switzerland, landed at Bel- 
grade, France, that night. The prisoners were met there by an American 
Red Cross train and carried to the Base Hospital at Allerey. They were 
kept there two weeks and then most of them were returned to their old 
outfits. He rejoined his regiment about the middle of December, in the 
Le Mans area. He stayed there until about the middle of February when 
he moved to the forwarding camp at Le Mans. He remained there until 
March 10, when he was moved to St. Nazaire for transportation to the 
States. He sailed from there, March 18, and landed at Charleston, S. C, 
April 1. From there he was sent to Camp Jackson to be mustered out, and 
on April 29, after he had had two weeks' leave, he received his discharge. 

[Three V. M. I. men had the misfortune to be made Prisoners of War — 
Surgeon R. B. Rhett, Captain Charles P. Nash and First Lieutenant John 
C. Nelson, Jr., Rhett and Nash have given their experiences of prison-life. 
Now, let Nelson give his experience.] 

A Few Events in the Every Day Life of a Kriegs-Gefangenenlager at 
Villingen, Baden, as related in his Diary by J. C. Nelson, Jr., 1st Lieu- 
tenant, U. S. Army, Officers' Prison Camp, Villingen, Baden, embracing the 
period, September 29-November 27, 1918: 
"Sept. 29th, 1918. 

" 'Jumped off' at 5:50 A. M. just in front of Bellicourt. Everything went 
0. K. until about 7:30 when the fog became so dense that one could not see 
any distance. Lost connection with my platoon then, and with rest ol 
the Company. Decided to push ahead with the men I had, who were from 
E, F, G, H, and K Companies. Met Jackson about 8 o'clock with a few 
men. and we both decided the only thing to do was to keep up with the 
barrage and trust to luck that the line would catch up with us. We mopped 
up several trenches and sent back numerous prisoners. At this time we 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 255 

were not in connection with either my right or left flank, and I kept con- 
nection with the few men I had by calling from one man to another. Sud- 
denly machine-guns opened up on us, and two men were wounded next to 
me. The line stopped and lay down, but did not fire, as they could see 
nothing to fire at. At this time Jackson and I had about ten men. We 
ordered them to take cover and wait for the fog to lift. Jackson and I 
and one runner took cover in a small T. M. hole, and proceeded to wait 
until the fog lifted. It lifted very suddenly about ten o'clock, and we found 
that we were about 15 yards in front of the Boche line which was very 
heavily manned with machine-guns and infantry. We lay quiet, in the 
hope that the Australians would pass over us, but no such luck. About 
10.30 a party of Boche surrounded us and made us prisoners of war. We 
were first searched in the trench, and everything of value was taken from 
us. I lost a good safety razor, field glasses and all toilet articles. We were 
then marched about twenty kilos to Division Headquarters where we wei'3 
again searched, and here I lost my trench coat, with the wool lining. The 
Intelligence Officer kept it, and he was seen by Hawkins wearing it the next 
day. He was from Chicago and about as contemptible as could be. I should 
like very much to meet him after the War, on an equal basis, and give 
him what he deserves. We spent the night at this place which was Bousseny. 
Found a young R. P. C. man there the next m.orning. Hawkins arrived 
about 5 o'clock, that afternoon, with some other officers — British, Scotch. 
Welsh, and New Zealanders, and all of us started for LeQuesnoy. We went 
to Le Cateau and spent the night, and thence to Le Quesnoy. Here we ran 
into a bunch of British officers, and one American Captain, from the 106th. 
We stayed at Le Quesnoy until the 3 of Oct., and then we left for Karlsrhue. 
Had a miserable trip up. T'he first night we spent in a coach with no win- 
dow panes in the frames, and nearly froze. The second night we spent at 
the Station in Charleville, with a bunch of German soldiers. We were fed 
pretty well here, in comparison to what we had been getting. Here, we 
lost a British aviator who was taken sick and left in the Hospital. Left 
Charleville Saturday A. M. and arrived at Metz about 8 P. M., going all day 
without anything to eat but a loaf of sour bread. Spent the night at the 
Station in Metz and slept on the bare stone floor. Had fairly good food 
here. They bombed Metz all night long, and it was a sight to see the people 
run and scream. Left Metz Sunday A. M. and had a nice trip from there 
to Karlsrhue. The scenery was very beautiful, and this part of the trip 
was enjoyed by all of us. Spent Sunday night and Monday night in a hotel 
there, and Tuesday we left for the camp. Were met here by the American 
representative (of the Red Cross) who gave us an emergency kit and a 
cake of chocolate. This went mighty good. 

"Tuesday, Oct. 7th. 

"Coffee for breakfast as usual; same old soup, with potatoes and coffee, 
for dinner, and a little more bread. Has been raining all morning and 
everything is quite dreary. A new prisoner came in last night. Have done 
nothing but lie around all day, and am bored to death. Wish they would 
move us to our final destination. Spent my last cent last night, and have 
only a few cigarettes left. Am saving the butts, so that I can roll one out 
of them. Sure would like to have a bath, as I am quite dirty now, not 
having had a bath since Sept. 18. Left hotel about 2 o'clock for Camp Karls- 
rhue. This Camp seems to be quite nice. Have seen a few American 
aviators, the first I have ever seen outside of Paris. Had a pretty good 
supper and was issued a nice little emergency kit by the Red Cross. Will 
get an issue of heavy underclothes, socks and O. D. shirt tomorrow. 

"Wednesday, Oct. 8th. 

"Answered roll-call at 10 A. M. Was then issued my clothing. Got a 
huge issue of food from the Red Cross, about eleven o'clock, and have been 
stufling ever since. I feel uncomfortably full now, for the first time since • 



256 A^TRGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

I have been in captivity. This is quite a lazy and boring life. Nothing to do 
but amuse yourself. Had a fine shave this A. M., the first I have had in four 
days. Am going for a walk around the courtyard this afternoon. Hope to 
get a good bath tomorrow and get clean once more. Know I will weigh 
20 lbs. less after I bathe. Will finish this just before I go to bed. Am going 
to write a letter home now and tell them all about it. Had a big feed, about 
7 o'clock, with some good hot tea which I liked very much. Have just come 
back from roll-call and am going to bed tout de suite. 

"Thursday, Oct. 9th. 

"Had a singing contest until about 11 P. M. last night, to the great 
annoyance of our neighbors. Took a nice hot bath this morning, and, 'sure 
nuff,' I feel 20 lbs. lighter, as I predicted. We were issued food at 2 o'clock, 
and Mclntyre and Davies are now making out a menu through Monday 
when we get another issue. We are to have a huge feed soon, and, be- 
lieve me, I'll be ready for it. This life is terribly lazy; all we do is to 
look for 'eats', and sleep. There is to be a big baseball game this evening 
between the fliegers and the doughboys. There's no question as to who 
will win. Heard this morning that we had advanced ten miles from Belli- 
court (the place where I was taken). If that keeps up we will soon be 
over the Rhine, and then back to the dear old U. S. A. We are having lovely 
weather; and here's hoping it keeps up, so that we can show the Boche 
who's who. Here comes the food, so will call this off until this afternoon^ 

"Friday, Oct. 10th. 

"Nothing exciting this A. M. Answered roll-call at 10 o'clock and then 
played auction bridge until dinner, losing four marks. I am still one mark 
to the good. Dinner was poor, but we are having a big feed at 3 o'clock, 
which will make up for it. Have been playing baseball and feel very good. 
It's the first exercise I have had since I have been in captivity. I am 
going to play every day for exercise. Have just heard that we captured 
10,000 prisoners and 200 guns, near Cambrai yesterday. 

"Saturday, Oct. 11th. 

"The day has been very quiet and deci'dedly lacking in excitement. 
Answered roll-call at 10 A. M. and then had my usual morning 'whiskey and 
soda,' without the tchiskey. Read the communique from the French, and am 
very well satisfied. La Gateau has been taken, and we are still going strong. 
I was in La Gateau about ten days ago, and then it was distinctly German. 
Would like to be there now and help get rid of some more Boche. Have 
heard wild rumors about Germany's agreeing to withdraw to the border, 
and have an armistice. Gertainly hope it is true. Had another hard 
bread issue this afternoon. There is to be a show tonight, think I shall 
go and give the 'local talent' a chance. 

"Sunday, Oct. 12th. 

"The show was very good last night and I enjoyed it very much. Shea, 
our representative, took a very prominent part in it. Roll-call was late this 
A. M., on account of church. I didn't go to church. We had regular horse 
flesh for dinner today. We have a big feed tonight, and we get a big issue 
from the Red Gross tomorrow. They certainly are a life-saver, and I don't 
know just what we would do if they didn't help us. Have just heard that 
the interpreter said that Germany has agreed to Wilson's terms. He ex- 
pects to be home by Xmas, and for us to be on our way. Learned from 
French communique, of Sept. 30, that our stunt of the 29 was successful. 
We captured 4,000 prisoners and 60 guns. I am glad to say that I helped 
to capture and kill some of them, before I was captured. Have been over 
here exactly five months and two days. Today is my 15th day of captivity. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 257 

'Monday, Oct. 13th. 

"Nothing of excitement has happened this A. M. Answered roll-call, 
as usual, and drew rations at 2.30. Am eating again, or, rather am still 
eating. The more I eat, the more I want to eat. Several new officers came 
in this evening, and they had some very good 'dope' to give out. We had 
quite a hit of excitement last night. The little fat Boche officer got mad 
Decause somebody made a noise and called us back at 11 o'clock. None 
of us minded it. because going to bed late made us sleep better. 

"Tuesday, Oct. 14th, 

"Had a meeting after roll-call this A. M. and decided that all American 
officers would fall in together, and all British officers together. Nothing 
exciting has happened today. It has been raining all day, and things look 
very dreary. Time certainly drags. Am very uncomfortable, as a result 
of the big feed we had tonight. Can't get any more 'dope' on the Armistice, 
and am afraid it is going to fall through. I don't believe it makes so much 
difference, for we are going good now. Sure would like to see the war over 
by Xmas, though. 

"Wednesday, Oct. 15th. 

"A bunch of British officers left this A. M. We lost three of them 
that were with us, and I certainly am sorry, for they were mighty nice 
fellows. No news, officially, so far. Heard that President Wilson had de- 
manded an unconditional surrender by Germany. That's a pretty bis 
thing, but President Wilson knows what he is doing. We draw hard bread 
at 2 o'clock, and then for another big feed. I am getting worse every day 
about eating. This life sure runs you. Lost 12 marks at auction bridge. 

"Thursday, Oct. 16th. 

"Three American officers arrived last night, two from the ^Artillery 
and one from the Medical Corps. No 'dope' today. Rations are coming 
forth, and we shall have a good feed once more. Read President Wilson's 
note today, and it certainly is a wonder. Am very anxious to see what 
'Germany is going to have to say. The map looks very encouraging today. 
We will soon be in Lille, and then the Boche transport lines will be shot 
to pieces. Played cards last night and again this A. M. It is a very good 
way to pass the time. No lights last night, but am hoping we will have 
some this P. M. Oh, I almost forgot that I had a wonderful bath this A. M. 
I'm beginning to get quite civilized once more. They have been taking 
down all the wire on the inside of the grounds. We have been wondering 
just what their idea is. 

"Friday, Oct. 17th. 

"Left Karlsrhue about noon today, and, after traveling until about 
six o'clock, arrived at Villingen which is only thirty kilometers from Con- 
stance, on the Swiss border. This is quite an old and auaint town. The 
town proper has ti high wall around it. with gates at both ends and in the 
centre, with high towers and loop holes in them. It has grown quite a 
bit, evidently, for now there are as many houses outside the ^wall as there 
are inside. Our camp is about a half mile from the town, in a large open 
field, with miles of rolling ground around. Just across the road there is 
a barracks with about five hundred Germans in it. They all seem to be 
either very old men or young boys. There are about two hundred Ameri- 
can officers here and they all seem to be very nice. One of them, Dr. Red- 
mond, has asked me to eat with him tonight, and has offered to help us 
get our mess started in the morning. It certainly is nice of him to ask me. 
and you can bet that I appreciate it. Hope I will be able to do something 
for him some day. The Boche took my little diary away from me today, 
and we are all speculating on what they are going to do to me, for I have 



258 ViKGixiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

said some things tbat are not very complimentary to them. Guess I will 
have to stop this, as my paper has given out and I can't get any more. 

[Between this date and November 27 the following notes were made, 
at odd times:] 

"Oct. 24 Lieutenant Mowary was buried in the village cemetery. Oct. 
27 Charlie Nash (Marine Corps aviator) and Bellamy arrived. Charlie was 
shot down on Friday, Sept. 13, and has had his left arm amputated; he is the 
same old Charlie and just as bright as ever. Bellamy was wounded and 
captured, the same day I was, but I thought he was dead, as none of us 
had heard anything from him. Sure was glad to see both of them, for they 
had a lot of 'dope' to give out. Nov. 1. We had a pretty heavy snow last 
night and everything looks beautiful this morning. We are about twenty 
seven hundred feet above sea level, and it is awfully cold; wish I had my 
overcoat and some good shoes. We had a little singing contest last night, 
much to the annoyance of the guard; it's a good thing he can't speak Eng- 
lish, for we would all be in the 'brig' if he could. 

"Wednesday, Nov. 27th. 

"Haven't been able to keep this written up like I wanted to. Didn't 
get my little diary back until the other day, and now I have just finished 
copying it into this book; will try to set down a few things that happened 
after the Armistice was declared. Soon afterwards the Boche promised 
us every day that we would go the next day; and after about ten days of 
restless waiting the Inspector from Rastatt came down and told us we 
wouldn't go before Thanksgiving. That nearly caused a riot, and after 
that we proceeded to boycott the Canteen. Some British came in, a few 
days later, from Rastatt, and, soon, their Colonel, and Colonel Brown fixed 
it up so that we were allowed to go walking, without a guard, from 9 to 12 
and 2 to 6. Spent most of my time visiting the town. It was very pitiful 
to see the old German Avomen and the little children with hollow faces, due 
to the lack of food. Food is very expensive and of an inferior type. Soap 
is practically unheard of and it commands fabulous prices. Quite a few 
officers traded soap and canned food for souvenirs. I have only a few 
things; was unable to get any more on account of the lack of money. We 
left Villingen Tuesday morning at 5:30 and" arrived in Constance about 
10:30. Here we were very much disappointed to find that we had to stay 
over until Friday morning. We got up this morning in a rain and it has 
been raining ever since. I am very sorry, for I had hoped to be able to 
see something of the city while here. Captain Truxai has just passed 
around nine cigarettes, and I certainly am glad, for I was completely out 
of smokes. Before leaving Villingen the Commandant made the following 
speech: 

" 'Sooner than you expected, your day of liberation has arrived. In a 
short time you will be back again with your own dear folks in America 
and England. Tell them that the German people have no more grievance 
against them. They do not consider themselves as conquered, but as con- 
quering (as you can see by the troops coming back from tlae front), because 
they have won their own liberty. Now, it is your time to give the German 
people a just peace in the peace terms which will give them the liberty to 
live justly and peacefully with the world at large, and which will leave no 
hate to again disturb the peace of the world. 

" 'We all hope that you will reach your homes safely and find every 
one in good health. I again request you not to part from Germany with 
hatred against us, and not to influence your people against Germany, as it 
is now not as it has been judged (perhaps justly) up to the present time. 
The new Germany has the desire to live at perfect peace with her recent 
thirty Enemies; but at the same time, claims an honourable peace which 
will give her the possibility to live as promised by President Wilson. 

" 'Again, happy returns.' " 



Some of the Specially Disiinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 259 

ViTsl Lieutenant WILLIAM T. GOULD, JR., Class 1918. From New York. 

Air Service, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Field Artillery. Detailed to Air Service. 

Graduated with "First Honour" of his Class at Princeton Ground School 
and Commandant (temporary). Sailed for overseas service, March, 1918, 
with rank, "Cadet, Air Service." Promoted to 1st Lieutenant. Transferred 
to Italy for flying duty. 

Fifteen months' service in France and Italy. 

He wore the "Black Bird" and two Gold Vs. 

First Lieutenant J. CHRISTIAN NOWLIN, JR., Class 1913. From Virginia. 
Company "L," 30th Infantry, 3rd Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned, August 15, 1917, 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry. Promoted to 
1st Lieutenant, and assigned to 159th Infantry, at Camp Kearny, California. 
Transferred to Company "L," 30th Infantr3% 3rd Division. 

Severely wounded in action in France, October 9, 1918. 

Home, 1100 Federal Street, Lynchhurg, Virginia. 

First Lieutenant RICHARD M. HULL, Class 1917. From Georgia. 

Company "L" — later, Company "K," fth U. S. Infantry, 3rd Division, 

3rd Army Corps, A. E. F. 

Commissioned at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, December, 1917, 1st Lieu- 
tenant, Company "L" (later, transferred to Company "K"), 4th U. S. In- 
fantry, 3rd Division, 3rd Corps. 

In all the fighting of his Division. Severely wounded at , 

. 1918. 

In the second battle of the Marne, where his regiment was cut to pieces, 
he was cited for exceptional bravery. 

Home, 10 Drayton Street, Savannah, Georgia. 

First Lieutenant WILLIAMS L. EFFINGER, Class 1907. From Maryland. 
Company "C," 143rd Infantry, A. E. F. 

He was commissioned First Lieutenant in the 5th Texas Infantry. June 
4, 1917. Transferred, November IG, 1917, to Company "C," 143rd Infantry, 
Camp Bowie, Texas. On July 6, 1918, he sailed with his outfit for France. 

He was in the following actions: Champagne Front, Mont Blanc, Octo- 
ber G-27, 1918; Argonne Forest, November 11, 1918. 

Discharged at Camp Dix, N J., July 9, 11'19. 

He is now in the wholesale Lumber Business at Fort Worth, Texas, 
404 Wheat Building. 

First Lieutenant G. OTHO THOMPSON, Class 191S. From Texas. 
142nd Infantry, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, 142nd Infantry, June 4, 1917, at 
Amarillo, Texas. Promoted to First Lieutenant, same regiment, June 7, 
1917. Sailed for France with his organization and was in all the engage- 
ments in which it participated, behaving with great gallantry. Awarded 
French Croix de Guerre for bravery in action. 



260 ViRGiiSriA Military Institute — World War Record 

Upon his discharge from the Service, he returned to has pre-war occupa- 
tion with The B. R. Roach Drug Company (wholesale), Amarillo, Texas. 

His brother, Lt. Colonel Ernest 0. Thompson, of Class 1914, attained 
distinction likewise in the A. E. F. 

First Lieutenant ALAN McC. SMITH, Class 1912. From Alabama. 
167th Infantry, 42nd (Rainbow) Division, A. E. F. 

He served as First Lieutenant and Battalion Adjutant in the Alabama 
National Guard (4th Alabama Infantry), on the Mexican Border in 191(5-1917. 
He was, later, assigned to the 167th Infantry, "Rainbow" Division and went 
to France. He served frfom April, 1917 to January, 1919, and one year 
of the time overseas. He was in all the engagements in which his Division 
participated, until wounded. He was in the Baccarat Sector five months; in 
the Champagne Sector two weeks; in the Marne Offensive, and in the Chateau 
Thierry Salient. 

He was severely wounded, July 26, 1918, at the battle of La Croix Rouge 
Farm (Chateau Thierry Salient). He behaved with conspicuous gallantry 
and was highly commended. 

First Lieutenant CONRAD HOCK, Class 1918. From Virginia. 

Machine-Gun Battalion, 59th (Regular) Infantry, 

4tb Division, A. E. F. 

Left V. M. I., as he entered the First Class, and enlisted in the first 
Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer, Virginia. Commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant, Regular Army. Ordered to Camp Greene, N. C, and assigned to 
B9th Infantry (Regular), 4th Division. Sailed for France in May, 1918. 
Promoted First Lieutenant. September 25, 1918. In Machine-Gun Battalion, 
Served in all the engagements participated in by the 4th Division. 

Address, Box 186, Gary, W. Virginia. 

Home, GOl Campbell Avenue, S. W., Roanoke, Virginia. 

His brother, Frederick S. Hock, of Class 1915, served in the "War as 
First Lieutenant, Infantry, 155th Depot Brigade, stationed at Camp Lee, 
Virginia. 

First Lieutenant RICHARD F. WELTON, JR., Class 1915. From Virginia. 
60th Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 

He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, November 27, 1917, and as- 
signed to the 60th Infantry, Company "I," at Camp Greene, N. C. 

He sailed for Ffance, April 16, 1918. Saw service in the Vosges Moun- 
tains during June, July and August; also in th,e St. Mihiel Drive, and in 
the Meuse-Argonne, with the 5th Division. He was promoted to First Lieu- 
tenant, October 12, 1918. He received one Citation for bravery from a 
General Officer. 

He was in the Army of Occupation, and served in Luxemburg from 
November, 1918 to July, 1919. 

On July 20, 1919, he returned l^ome and was discharged six days later. 

He has reentered the Insurance and Real Estate Business in which he 
left to enter the Military Service. Address, P. 0. Box 193, Portsmouth, 
Virginia. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 261 

First Lieutenant SCOTT WILSON, Class 1910. From Missouri. 
356tli Infantry, 89th Division, A. B. F. 
First Training Camp, Fort Riley, May 12 to August 12, 1917. Com- 
missioned Second Lieutenant there, August 12, 1917. With 164th Depot 
Brigade, September 12 to December 17, 1917. Instructor, 3rd Officers' Train- 
ing Camp, Camp Funston, Kansas, January 18-April 18, 1918. 

Sailed for overseas Service with 356th Infantry, 89th Division, May 18, 
1918. Saw service with 89th Division in Toul Sector, Enrizon Sector, St. 
Mihiel Offensive and Meuse-Argonne Offensive. Promoted to First Lieu- 
tenant. 

With Army of Occupation from November 18, 1918 to May 19, 1919. 
Honourably discharged, June 24, 1919. 

Occupation, Wholesale Dry Goods, c/o Carleton Dry Goods Company, 
St. Louis, Mo. 
First Lieutenant ROBERT T. CROWDER, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
Adjutant, and then Intelligence and Liaison Officer, 314th Maohine-Gun 
Battalion, 80th Division, A. E. F. 
Graduated, first Officers' Training Camp, Fort Myer, August 15, 1917, 
as First Lieutenant, and assigned as Adjutant, 314th Machine-Gun Bat- 
talion, 80th Division, Camp Lee, Virginia. Sailed with unit for France. 
Served as Adjutant until September, 1918, and then until after the Armistice 
as Intelligence and Liaison Officer, 314th Machine-Gun Battalion, 80th Divi- 
sion. Commander of "A" Company, and, later, of "D" Company, 315th Ma- 
chine-Gun Battalion, until return to United States, May 30, 1919. Was Ob- 
server with British near Ypres, in July, 1918. In Somme Offensive. August, 
1918. In Meuse-Argonne Offensive, November 1-11, 1918. December, 1918 
and January, 1919, he served as Billeting Officer and Town Ma^or. 

Since discharge from Service, in business of manufacturing Cotton 
Goods, Coca-Cola Building, Kansas City, Mo. 

First Lieutenant WILLIAM R. JOHNSON, Class 1907. From West Virginia. 
Headquarters, 32nd Division, A. B. F. 

Entered first Fort Benjamin Harrison Officers' Training School, May 
8 1917. Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, Field Artillery, August 14, 1917. 
Assigned to 323rd Field Artillery. 83rd Division, September 1, 1917. Sailed 
for France, June 10, 1918. Attached to Headquarters, 32nd Division, during 
the Argonne Offensive. Assistant Adjutant, Headquarters, 158th Field Artil- 
lery Brigade, 32nd Division, Army of Occupation, Coblenz Bridge Head. 

Returned to United States, June 5, 1919, and mustered out of Service. 
Resumed pre-war occupation as Coal Operator, Montgomery, West Virginia. 

One brother was graduated in 1910 and another was a Cadet at the 
V M I His brother. Captain Francis L. Johnson, U. S. A., World War, 
was promoted to Major, R. C. when he resigned from the Service, Decem- 
ber 1. 1919. 

First Lieutenant PAUL MIMMS POTTS, Class 1917. From Louisiana. 
Air Service, A. B. F. 

He enlisted in the U. S. Army, May 8, 1917. Sent to Camp Roots, 
Arkansas. Was there about six weeks when he was transferred to the Avia 



262 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

tion Service and was ordered to the Ground School at Austin, Texas. 
He remained there until August 11, 1917. He was selected as one of ten 
picked men and sent to Italy (Foggia Training School). He received his 
commission as 1st Lieutenant, March 15, 1918, 
His father wrote, in August, 1918: 

"The boy is on the front in Italy, back of the lines, near Milan. He is a 
full-fledged Italian and American Aviator, wearing both the Gold and Silver 
Eagles. 

"He was especially trained to drive an Italian Caproni Bombing Airplane 
They are called Battle Planes of the Air, and are the largest Air Planes in use. 
"He did not leave the Training School until about July 21, 1918, so has 
been on the front only a month. 

"I, his father, have filled this Questionnaire out the best I can, and I 
hope it will serve your purpose. 

Yours very truly, 

Paul M. Potts, Sb., 
Natchitoches, La." 

First Lieutenant SANFORD P. GRAVES. Class 1914. From Georgia. 
306th Engineers, 81st Division, A. E. F. 

He entered the first Officers' Training Camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, 
May 8, 1917, and was graduated First Lieutenant of Engineers, August 15, 
1917, at American University, Washington, D. C. 

Assigned to Company "C," 306th Engineers, August 29, 1917, at Camp 
Jackson, Columbia, S. C. The Division was transferred to Camp Sevier, 
May, 1918, and left for France, July, 1918. He attended the 2nd Corps 
Engineers' School at Chatillon-Sur-Seine, and then joined his regiment in 
the Vosges Mountains. Was there a month, in a quiet sector. He was then 
sent to the line, just South of Verdun, and participated in th,e Meuse- 
Argonne Offensive, November 1-11, 1918. Then ordered back to the vicinity 
of Chatillon-Sur-Seine, and home, June, 1919. Mustered out, July, 1919. 

He resumed his pre-war profession of Engineering, and is now Junior 
Engineer, Southern Railway Company, at Knoxville, Tenn. 

Like all V. M. I. Engineers in the A. E. F., this accomplished young 
officer won merited praise for efficiency and gallantry in action. 

First Lieutenant WILLIAM G. CANN, Class 1909. From Georgia. 
151st Machine-Gun Battalion, 42nd Division, A. E. F. 

He served with the National Guard of Georgia on the Mexican Border, 
1916-1917. As soon as the United States entered the War with Germany, 
he returned to Service, and was commissioned Second Lieutenant, Company 
"B," 42nd (Rainbow) Division. He went to France with this Division, and 
participated in its gallant fighting. 

On July ^ 1918, he was wounded at St. Mihiel. He Yad been promoted 

to PMrst Lieutenant, and was serving in the 151st Machine-Gun Battalion 
of the 42nd Division. 

A younger brother, Judge Samuel A. Cann. of the Class of 1913, served 
also gallantly in France as First Lieutenant of Company "G," 307th Ammuni- 
tion Train, 82nd Division. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 263 

It is unfortunate that the full details of service of both these loyal "Old 
Cadets" and gallant officers are lacking at this writing, but it is believed 
both returned home with their respective organizations and were honour- 
ably discharged from the Service. 

Their address is 114 W. Gaston Street, Savannah, Georgia, Lieutenant 
William G. Cann being Manager of an Insurance Agency, and his brother, 
a prominent and successful young lawyer. 

First Lieutenant WILLIAM 0. OWEN, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
Machine-Gun Company, 61st Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. P. 

He had served as a private in the Illinois National Guard before the 
War. On August 15, 1917, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant in Re- 
serve Corps, and October 25, 1917, Second Lieutenant in U. S. A. Commis- 
sioned First Lieutenant, the next day. Assigned to Machine-Gun Company, 
Gist Infantry, 5th Division. 

Left for France, March 6, 1918. Served in all the engagements par- 
ticipated in by his fighting Division, as follows: Robeadeau, La Cude, St. Die 
Sectors, St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensives. 

With Army of Occupation. Returned to United States, June 3, 1919, 
and resigned from the Service, June 12. 

Now Vice-President and Assistant General Manager, Owen-Osage Oil and 
Gas Company, C^ney, Kansas. 

There were many V. M. I. "boys" in the 5th Division, and all behaved 
with conspicuous gallantry and received th,e commendation of their General 
Officers. 

First Lieutenant MONTAGUE BLUNDON, Class 1902. From Maryland. 
(Civil Engineer.) 74th Engineers, U. S. A., A. B. F. 

He volunteered, October 1, 1917, and was commissioned First Lieutenant 
in the Engineers. He was detailed to Military Mapping. Later, he was 
assigned to the 74th Engineers— a Flash and Sound Ranging Battalion. 
He specialized in High Burst Ranging, and was attached to the 30th Brigade, 
R. A. R., operating near Verdun. 

On his return to America he was assigned to the Office of Chief of En- 
gineers, United States Army, and prepared a manual on "High Burst Rang- 
ing and Flash Ranging." 

He was honourably discharged from the Service. December 1, 1919. 

First Lieutenant Blundon's father was a gallant member of the "New 
Market" Battalion of the V. M. L, and a younger brother was also a Cadet 
at the V M. I. The spirit that animated his brave father, over fifty years 
ago when he charged with the Cadets over Bushong Hill, that memorable 
dly was his spirit wh,8n, though past the age, and otherwise exempt from 
military service, he volunteered in this War for human freedom, and nobly 
performed his part. 

First Lieutenant FRANKLIN . W. CARTER, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
Machine-Gun Company, 165th Infantry, 42nd Division. A. E. F. 
In April, 1917, he enlisted at the first Officers' Training School at Platts, 
burg N Y and was commissioned Second Lieutenant, August 10. He was 



264 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

one of the fortunate young officers selected at that time to sail for France 
at once, where he arrived in September. He was sent to a Training School 
at La Valbonne, which, wasi th,e first of its kind for American Oflicers. 
General Bullard, U. S. A., was at that time the Commanding Officer, and 
the Instructors were French Ofl[icers, the pick of the French Army for such 
work, and Lieutenant Carter says: "A finer lot of men I never had the 
pleasure of meeting." He decided to take up Machine-Gun work under 
these Officers, and in December, 1917, he was selected, among others, as 
being competent to take charge of troops and train them for Machine-Gun 
work. He was sent to the 42nd Division, which had arrived in France in 
November. It is well known what wonderful work this Division did. He 
v/ent into the trenches first in February, 1918, and remained there almost 
continuously until the Armistice was signed, having taken part in every big 
fight during that time. He was in the Champagne battle near Chalons, 
when the Germans put across their big drive and were stopped by our own 
front line. It was a glorious time for both France and America. From 
there he went to the Chateau Thierry Sector, and entered the Foret de Fere 
on July 23, 1918. His Division relieved the 28th Division, and it continued 
to drive the BocLie back. On the 28th it drove them from the heights across 
the Ourcq River. That morning he started early with five machine guns 
and about sixty men to defend the right flank of the advancing Infantry. 
He accomplished his object, but with dearly-bought glory. He reached the 
hill beyond the River v/ith only seven men and one gun, and soon after was 
himself struck dovv^n by a pieee of high explosive shell. The wound was 
just above the ankle and the Surgeons found it necessary to remove one 
and a half inches of bone from his leg. He said: "I considered myself 
fortunate, for v%rhat I saw th?,t day, and what all of us went through, was 
Hell on eart^. Our losses in that fight alone were over fifty per cent." 

He remained in the Hospital in France for sometime and was then re- 
turned to the United States and placed in General Hospital No. 2, at Fort 
McHenry, Baltimore, where he remained until April, 1919, when he was 
discharged, cured, but limping. He at once returned to his pre-war work 
as Electrical Engineer with the Westinghouse B. & M. Company, at Pitts- 
burgh, Pa. 

He received his promotion to the grade of First Lieutenant in Au- 
gust. 1918. 

By the direction of the President, he was awarded the "D. S. C " by the 
Commanding General, A. E. F., with this Citation: 

"Franklin W. Carter, Second Lieutenant, Machine-Gun Company, 165th 
Infantry. For extraordinary heroism in action near Villers-sur-Fere. France. 
July 28, 1918. When all the men in his platoon had become casualties, he 
operated the one remaining gun, with the aid of two volunteers from a line 
company. Even after he himself had been severely wounded, he remained 
at his post until the Infantry, having effected a crossing of the Ourcq, were 
firmly established. Refusing assistance to the dressing station, he tried to 
crawl back, but dropped exhausted." 

[From the Sales Letter of the Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing 

Company, of June 23, 1920:] 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 265 

"Franklin W. Carter graduated in Electrical Engineering from the 
Virginia Military Institute in June, 1912, His first position was with The 
Fauquier National Bank in Virginia. In September, 1912, he decided to enter 
the Graduate Student Course of our Company. 

"After completing his shop work he entered the Sales School, and from 
there he came to the Railway Sales Department where he filled several 
important assignments before our entrance into the "War. Among these as- 
signments was the handling of correspondence on the Norfolk & "Western 
Railroad electrification for F. H. Shepard. Mr. Carter remained at East 
Pittsburgh until in 1916 when he was transferred to the New York Office 
to work on Heavy Traction matters for Mr. Shepard. 

"In April, 1917, the call came for young men to be trained for service 
in France. He applied; and wasi accepted at the first Plattsburg Ca^mp, and 
in July was given a Second Lieutenant's Commission and ordered immediately 
to France, where he served with the Rainbow Division until July 28, 1918, 
when he was severely wounded. 

"After returning from the service he again entered the Railway Sales 
Department at East Pittsburgh, where he is now in charge of negotiation 
work, handling hieavy traction negotiations — both Foreign and Domestic — • 
assisting W. R. Stinemetz. 

"It seems entirely fitting at this time to mention briefly the splendid 
service Mr. Carter rendered his country during the War. This can be told 
best by quoting what others have said. Mr. Carter himself would never tell 
it, and, risking extreme embarrassment to him, we quote a remark of 
Francis P. Duffy, Chaplain of the 165th Regiment during its campaign in 
France : 

" 'One of the nicest, decentest, squarest, bravest youths that ever wore 
a uniform.' And to give this pronouncement its full force — to realize that 
Father Duffy knew the man, we continue the quotation: 

" 'I've said it at last, and I know it will make him fussed and blushy, 
but it's true, and I don't care.' 

"Few of us have the advantage of being summed up before we are dead- 
after that occurrence, we probably don't care. 

"Mr. Carter was honored with the D. S. C. — General Orders No. 64. 
(See Citation above.) 

"What his superior officers recorded: 

'Lt. Carter has repeatedly shown marked efficiency in leading men. 
He is an excellent instructor in machine-gunnery. I recommended him for 
promotion to First Lieutenant in July and to Captain in August, for his 
gallantry and bravery under fire at Chateau Thierry where he was seriously 
wounded. I have also recommended him for a D. S. C. for his conduct under 
fire at Chateau Thierry, July 20 to 28. 

Kenneth C. Siebekt, 
Captain, U. S. A., 165th Infantry.' 

( 

'Tours, France, March 13, 1919. 
'I remember Lt. F. W. Carter as one of the best officers in my old 
regiment, and during the very active service in July last he was brought 
to my attention by outstanding ability and bravery, particularly on the 
Ourcq, where he was severely wounded, and for which he was recommended 
for promotion, and for the D. S. C. 

Fbank McCoy, 
Brig. Gen., U. S. Army.' 

"Lack of space prevents the publication of other letters of commenda- 
tion from Mr. Carter's commanding officers, all of which concur wth the 
gx3,iiit)1gs privGH. 

"The same sterling qualities that endeared Mr. Carter to all closely as- 
sociated with him during the great conflict are manifesting themselves each 
day in his work in the Heavy Traction Section of this Company." 



266 Virginia Military Institute — World War Kkcord 

First Lieutenant WALTER ALAN RICHARDS, Class 1913. From Virginia. 
Company "G," 326th Infantry, 82nd Division, A. E. F. 

Entered first Officers' Training Camp at Fort McPherson, Ga., May 13. 
1917. Commissioned First Lieutenant, 326tli Infantry, at Camp Gordon, Ga., 
August 15, 1917. Made Battalion Adjutant. Went overseas, April 29, 1918. 
Entered trenclies in June, in Toul Sector. 

"He had passed through, three or four important engagements, including 
the five days' drive at St. Mihiel, and was considering himself quite a sea- 
soned soldier," wrote his father, "when he was severely wounded in the left 
shoulder by a machine-gun bullet, on October 11, 1918, in the Argonne Forest 
Advance, near the town of St. Juvin, and within a few minutes received a 
second wound in the back by an exploding shell." He wrote a short letter 
home ten days later, but made rather light of his wounds (it is known now 
because he feared to alarm his young wife). So that it was a great shock 
to his family when the facts became known (as given by some of his com- 
rades) that he was in a Hospital at Beaune, France, in a very serious condi- 
tion. He had then been operated' on five times, and his condition had been 
critical for sometime. He was in such a weakened state that transfusion 
of blood was resorted to, and 500 c.c's of blood was given by a fellow-officer 
of his battalion, Lieutenant Frank Carter, of Atlanta, Georgia, who was him- 
self wounded in the same action. His friends wrote that he staid alive simply 
by his determination to live, and his devoted nurse wrote: "He has displayed 
more nerve and heroism than any patient I ever saw, and I am going to send 
him back home to his wife." On December 16, he himself wrote his father, 
saying he was making some progress towards recovery, but that another 
operation would be necessary after returning to this country, to restore 
some of the bones that had been shot away, or Injured. His Colonel, 
Brigadier General MacArthur (that splendid officer who, as a brigadier 
general, personally took part in more real fi.ghting, it is said, than any other 
officer of his grade) wrote that he had been recommended for promotion and 
that he stood first on his list for honourable mention in the 326th Infantry. 
On December 29, the wounded officer wrote that fair improvement was noted 
in his condition, and he hoped he might be able to travel by the middle 
of February, 1919. But it was after that he was permitted to return home. 

On Friday, May 23, 1919, at Fort McPherson, Georgia, he was decorated 
by Colonel Bratton, Officer in Command, with the "Distinguished Service 
Cross." The Citaiion, under which the Cross was awarded, reads, as follows: 

"H'dqr's, 82nd Div., American E. F., France, 10 March, 1919. 

"First Lieutenant Walter A. Richards, 326th Infantry. For extraordinary 
heroism in action, near St. Juvin, France, 11 October, 1918. 

"Leading his platoon in attack, Lieutenant Richards was subject to fierce 
and devastating fir^ of enemy artillery and machine-guns. Although he 
himself was wounded, and ninety per cent, of his platoon made casualties, 
he continued to press forward until he was felled by machine-gun fire, after 
reaching the foremost position of the entire action. 

"The Commanding General takes particular pride in announcing to 
the command this fine example of courage and self-sacrifice. Such deeds 
are evidence of that spirit of heroism w^hich is innate in th,e highest degree 
in the American soldier and responds unfailingly to the call of duty, wher- 
ever or whenever it may come. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 267 

"This Order will be read to all organizations at the first formation after 
its receipt. 

By command of Major General Duncan, 

George E. Roosevelt, 
Lt. Col., Acting Chief of Staff." 
"Official: 

R. L. Boyd, 

Lt. Col., A. G. D. 
Adjutant." 

The official Citation, in the name of the President, and signed by John J. 
Pershing, Commander-in-Chief, has also been received by Lieutenant Richards. 

After many efforts to persuade him to tell how he received his wounds. 
Lieutenant Richards has at last furnished the following graphic narrative 
which, for the sake of historical truth, it is thought well to give here in 
its entirety: 

"We had been in the Argonne Forest for more than a week, and on the 
morning of October 10, 1918, had advanced some five kilometers in support 
of the third battalion of our regiment which was then attacking. Shortly 
after noon that battalion reached its objective and began to 'dig in,' and our 
Company was sent forward to take up 'a position which would protect its 
left flank which was exposed. This gave the battalion a strong defensive 
position on the heights jUst within the Forest and overlooking the Aire 
River valley. This was the Corps objective, and as our maps did not cover 
the! ground to the North of the river, we supposed this would be our 'haven 
of rest' — at least for a while. 

"We had scarcely completed our 'funk holes,' however, when orders came 
for all officers to report to the battalion P. C. There we found General 
Cronin, our brigadier, Colonel MacArthur, and the officers of our battalion, 
as well as some from the third. The General said he had just received a 
report that the town of St. Juvin was unoccupied and that he wanted our 
battalion to capture it and the hill North of it, the attack to take place at 
five o'clock. 

"Reference to the map showed that St. Juvin was a small town on the 
North slope of the Aire River and was protected on the North by a strong 
chain of hills about as high as the ones on which we stood. It also developed 
that the town was five kilometers away, that the intervening country had 
not been reconnoitered, and that nothing was known as to the condition of 
the bridges or fords, if any. Although it was then nearly four o'clock, we 
were ordered to attack as directed, without further information, except that 
we would be supported by both artillery and machine-gun barrages. It soon 
developed, however, that the artillery could not assist us, as it was too far 
to the rear, and the machine-guns did not have sufficient ammunition, 

"Our Company was to lead the attack and so we got under way as 
soon as the men could be gotten together. We moved forward as rapidly as 
possible, but did not reach the river until nearly six o'clock. In the mean- 
time, darkness had fallen, making our progress slower. Up to this time we 
had met no opposition, but our advance party had scarcely set foot on the 
highway bridge when several machine-guns opened up on the bridge and 
the approach. We soon developed the enemy position and found that they 
had attempted to destroy the bridge and had prepared for a 3tiff delense. 
We made several attempts to get across, but each time were met with such 
a heavy fire that we decided to locate a ford, instead. The men were with- 
drawn several hundred yards and ordered to 'dig in,' while several patrols 
were sent to the river, and Captain Jeffers went to report conditions to the 
Major who had established himself in the town of Marcq, some two kilo- 
meters to the rear. The Enemy then put down a heavy artillery barrage 
which siwept back and forth along the river bank for a depth of five hundred 



268 Virginia Military Institute — WorlI) War Record 

yards. In a couple of hours we received orders to withdraw to the hill 
behind Marcq and there await orders. All of the officers who had been to 
the river realized that a crossing could not be effected without artillery 
assistance, and possibly a general attack, so they urged that it should not 
be attempted. 

"About four o'clock on the morning of the eleventh, however, orders 
came to return to the river. I carried the Company to the railroad which 
was about five hundred yards from the river, and there awaited the arrival 
of Captain Jeffers who came about a quarter to five with an attack order 
similar to that of the night before, but with the assurance of artillery and 
machine-gun support. 

"The zero hour was set for five o'clock, and as our artillery had not 
begun to fire, we sent up our artillery rocket. Finally, at five o'clock we 
started over, although none of our supporting barrages were firing 

"According to our pre-arranged plan of attack, I carried over the first 
wave. We rushed forward in small groups at a point about three hundred 
yards on the Enemy side of the bridge, and there took up our wave forma- 
tion of a man every five yards. We used the bridge as a crossing, and, while 
it was badly damaged, we scrambled over without great difficulty, although 
under a rather hot fire. As soon as we reached our position we began firing 
to protect the advance of the battalion which was to follow close behind us. 
Dawn was just breaking, and the breeze was rapidly dispelling the mist 
which had hung over the river. As the Enemy located our position they 
opened up on us with a terrific fire of machine gun, high explosive and gas. 
I M^as hit almost immediately by a machine-gun bullet on the shoulder and 
a number of my men were put out of commission. 

"My orders had been to wait until our entire Company was across the 
river before I advanced further; but, realizing that we could not stay in 
that exposed position, I ordered the men to move forward to the protection 
of a hedge some distance to the front, at the same time dispatching two de- 
tachments toward machine-guns in St. Juvin, the edge of which was only 
two hundred yards to our left. As we approached the hedge we found it 
occupied by Germans who had either just come out of dugouts or had held 
their fire. 

"By this time most of my men were killed or wounded; and, realizing 
the folly of advancing further, I ordered a halt in a depression which pro- 
tected us from the men in the hedge. High explosive shells were hitting all 
among us now, and I was hit by fragments of one which fell only a few feet 
away. Fortunately, the ground was soft and I was lying flat on the ground, 
and the large pieces passed over me. My pack was torn all to pieces, and 
probably protected me greatly. 

"Then came the order to withdraw to our side of the river. I signalled to 
my men, but only one or two obeyed, and, thinking they couldn't hear or see 
me, I crawled along to each one, but the big majority of tliem were either 
dead or unconscious. I got those who were able started back, and then 
took a try at it myself, but didn't have much luck. I couldn't crawl on my 
breast because my arm dragged under me, and 1 couldn't get on my back 
on account of the remainder of my pack. Finally, I slipped into a shell-hole 
and got out of my equipment. Travelling light, I made better progress; but, 
as we were still under heavy fire and a 'Jerry' was jumping out of every hole 
and coming toward us, it seemed I was going mighty slowly. 

"It was in getting back that I saw really what a hot bed we had gotten 
into. The hill we were to attack was seamed with trenches, and I don't 
believe there were less than thirty machine-guns playing on the ground in 
front of the bridge, either from the town to the left, or the hill to the right. 
As we had no return fire to keep them down, you could see large numbers 
of Boche slipping down hedges toward the river, in an effort to cut us off. 
"Realizing that it was to be a race, I put every effort into making speed, 
and eventually I got to the river, although I don't see how in the world I 
managed it. I passed dozens of men who had been picked off as they crawled 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 269 

back. I got into the river about fifty yards ahead of a couple of Germans 
and they made it hot for me until I got behind the willows on the other side; 
but the cold water helped me, and I walked from then on. I had to pass 
through a couple of belts of gas, but my gas mask was all shot up, so I 
couldn't wear it. It difln't seem to bother me much. Occasionally, a ma- 
ohine-gun bullet cracked by, but it all seemed so tame, after the other side 
of the river, that I didn't mind. 

"I walked back to the dressing-station (about two miles) and there 
found Captain Jeffers and Lieutenant Carter, who had both been wounded, 
trying to locate me; also Lieutenant Liebenlt and my platoon sergeant, both 
in a dying condition. We were congratulating ourselves on getting out when 
a 'Jerry' Plane came over, and pretty soon they began shelling the dressing- 
station. They couldn't get the range exactly, however, and in an hour or 
two Carter and I were patched up and started back to the evacuation 
Hospital. 

"Thus, unhappily, ended the first battle of St. Juvin." 

First Lieutenant HOPE WILLIAM MASSIE, Class 1918. From Virginia. 

119th Infantry, 30th Division, A. E. F. 

Killed in action in France. 

So eager was he to serve his Country he did not wait to get his diploma, 
but left the Institute to enter the second Officers' Training School at Fort 
Myer. Here he was commissioned Second Lieutenant. His first call was 
to Camp Lee; remaining there for two weeks, he was ordered to Camp 
Sevier where he was promot-id to First Lieutenant before going overseas. 

He made the supreme sacrifice, August 6, 1918. His Captain wrote his 
parents that he was mortally wounded while on patrol duty in "No Man's 
Land." 

Lieutenant Benjamin Gray, of Winston-Salem, N. C, sent back from 
France to be an Instructor in the Training Camps, reported that Massie's 
company was worried by a machine-gun that could not be located, but which 
hampered the men in their work. Massie told his men he was going to find 
that gun. On three successive nights he made personally diligent search for 
it in "No Man's Land," but without success. While out with his patrol 
party on the third night, he attempted to locate the gun alone. He walked 
right into the machine-gun, and received the full burst of fire in his chest. 

Massie found that gun and a Martyr's Crown! 

Statement of Major J. M. Robeson, Senior Chaplain, 30th Division, 
A. E. F.: 

"Lieutenant Hope W. Massie was commissioned Second Lieutenant from 
the first Officers' Training School of Fort Myer, Virginia, and sent im- 
mediately to Camp Sevier, South Carolina, where he was assigned to 
the 119th Infantry Regiment. 

"Shortly afterwards he was assigned to Company 'I,' where he soon 
gained the attention ot the Commanding Officer for his ability as a soldier. 
After a few months with this Company, he was promoted to First Lieu- 
tenant and transferred to Company 'L,' with which unit he remained until 
his death in Flanders. 

"He went with his regiment to France in May, 191S, being stationed 
with them in the British lines, about two miles South of the City of Ypres. 

"He was for several weeks, absent from the regiment, in a special school 
for Signal work. On his return he found his Company taking their first 
turn in the trenches. I remember seeing him the night he returned from 
school and inviting him to be our guest at Regimental Headquarters. He said: 



270 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecqrd 

'No, my Company is in the line and I must go on to-night and join them, I 
can't be satisfied to be away any longer.' 

"Two days later, he was killed in a night raid which he led into 'No 
Man's Land.' 

"After his Company returned from the trenches for rest, I was in- 
structed by Colonel John VanB. Metts to interview Corporal Hopkins and 
Private Oswald who were with Lieutenant Massie when he was killed, and 
secure their statement as to the circumstances surrounding his death, for 
Lieutenant Massie was a favourite with the Colonel, as he was generally in 
the regiment." 

Corporal Hopkins' and Private Oswald's Story, 

As Related to 

Major J. M. Robeson, Senior Chaplain, 30th Div., A. E. F. 

'They (the Boohe) had been shooting up our lines every night about 
twelve o'clock with machine-guns. They were hidden in some 'Nissen' huts, 
that the British had before the Spring drive and which were now in 
'No Man's Land.' It was decided to send out a patrol to capture or destroy 
these. Volunteers were called for, as it was known to be a very dangerous 
duty. Lieutenant Massie had just come back to our platoon, and we were all 
so glad to see him again, as all of the boys thought the world of him. He 
volunteered to lead the patrol, and said 'the other fellows' had done more 
than he had, because he had been away at school, and he wanted to be allowed 
to do something; so they let him have his way. He asked for volunteers 
from the whole battalion, as he said he could only take single men on such 
duty. Our whole platoon of fifty men volunteered to a man, and we all 
begged to go with him, until he said he would select the men he wanted 
from us. 

'Before leaving the trenches he kept telling us boys: "Don't be worried, 
for if anybody gets hurt, I will not come back unless I bring everybody with 
me; no hurt man shall be left behind." This was the last thing he said 
to us as we slipped over the parapet that night and made our way through 
the barb wire entanglements. We, went on until we came to the huts where 
we thought the Boche were hidden. He placed us around the huts, and then 
went in each one by himself to see if there were any Boche inside. He 
struck a match and looked around, which was "a dangerous thing to do ; but, 
Major, Lieutenant Massie was the bravest man you ever saw, he wasn't 
afraid of anything. All of us were uneasy until he came back and told us 
there was no one there, to come on and go further, as he thought he was too 
early for the Boohe, that we might find them further on. We struck an old 
railroad track and pushed on a short distance. Lieutenant Massie was in 
the lead. All of a sudden several machine-guns opened up, and Lieutenant 
Massie fell. Myself (Oswald) and Corporal Hopkins got to him first. He 
said: "Tell the men to get back to the trenches, while they have a chance, 
I am done for." He told us, time and time again, to go too. Every time 
the machine-guns would stop shooting for a while, he would say, "Now is 
your chance, go back; I am dying, and it's no use for you to stay and get 
killed too." We tried to put him on the back of Corporal Hopkins and I 
hold bim, while the Corporal crawled back. We found we couldn't do it: 
for every time we moved, the Boche would shoot, and we did not want him 
to be hit again. Finally, Corporal Hopkins said he would go and see if he 
could get a stretcher; but he got lost, by himself, and did not get back until 
next day. After a while. Lieutenant Massie said, "Oswald, you have stood 
by me, and I want you to take my wrist watch to remember me by; I have 
left everything else I had at tbe trenches." After a while, he got very quiei, 
and I put my hand on him and found he was dead. I think he lived about an 
hour after being wounded. 

'Major, I never felt so bad in all my life as I did when I knew the best 
friend I ever had was dead. I crawled on back to our trenches, as I couldn't 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 271 

carry Lieutenant Massie's body by myself. I got lost, and didn't reach our 
trenches until day-light came so I could tell where I was. Next night a 
detail went back and brought the body in. 

'Every man in our platoon grieved as if he had lost a brother, for he 
was so good to us, and always looking out for us before he did for himself. 
We asked to be allowed to bui-y him; so they let a detail take his body back 
to a place about two miles behind the lines, called Nine Elms Cemetery, 
where all our men are buried.' 

J. M. Robeson, 
Formerly Major-Chaplain, U. S. A." 

"I think Private Oswald v/as later awarded the D. S. C. for his bravery, 
and devotion to Lieutenant Massie." 

[Copy of a letter from Lieutenant Julien Wood, Jr., Company "L,"' 
30th Division:] 

"France, Sept. 9, 1918. 
"Mrs. C. F. Massie, 

Tyro, Va. 
"My dear Madam: 

"I am taking this opportunity to express my sympathy for you in your 
grief over the deathi of your son, Hope. I was his immediate commanding 
officer, and I was more than devoted to him. And I can assure you that his 
death has been keenly felt by me and the men of the Company. He 
possessed all the qualities of an excellent soldier and he always faced and 
performed the hardest tasks with a smile and good cheer. His men were 
absolutely devoted to him; and, indeed, it was a sad night for this little 
Company when he died. His death was noble in every respect, emphasizing 
the true qualities of a Christian and real soldier in his fearless acceptance 
of death. He has been buried in a little cemetery, a few mites from the bat- 
tlefield on which he died, and we have had a little cross erected to his 
memory. 

"Again, assuring you of my sympathy in this most trying time for you, 

Most sincerely yours, 

Julien Wood, Jk." 

"Edenton, N. C. (Home address)." 

[Copy of a letter from Capt. W. O. Holland, 119th Infantry, Company 
"L," his Company Commander. The stars indicate that this letter was 
censored : ] 

"With the American Expeditionary Forces, Aug. 14, 1918. 
"Mrs. Madison E. Massie, 

Tyro, Virginia. 
"My dear Madam: 

"No doubt you have long since heard, through, the War Department, of 
the death of your son, L=-jutena.nt Hope W. Massie, killed in action. He 
especially asked that the particulars of his death be told to you; thus, T 
communicate these few facts, which I gained from those who were with him 
at the last. 

"A patrol was undertaken on the night of * * *; the * * * and our men 
were given an opportunity to volunteer. Your son was one of the two 
American officers who were determined to go. The party went over the top 
at * * *, accomplis'^ed its purpose, and was on its return, when a burst of 
maohine-gun fire from an advanced enemy post caught them; apparently, 
yonr son received the full burst of fire in his chest. 

"While the other members of the patrol pressed on, facing a terrific 
enfilade fire. Private Lawrence J. Oswald remained by the side of his officer 
until the last. Your son felt that his end was soon, because of his loss of 
blood and fast-going strength, for it was then he said: 'I hate to go, not so 
much for myself, but for ihe anguish it will cause my Mother.' 



272 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

"His personal effects he had taken care to leave behind, and these (except 
his Swiss-movement wrist watch which he had on him, and which he gave 
Private Oswald) will reach you through regular channels. 

"When his body was brought back our boys fashioned a box in whicb 
they laid him. Circumstances seldom permit of such treatment of the bodies 
of fallen soldiers. 

"In the death of your son my Company loses an officer who was con- 
spicuous for his bravery; he apparently thought nothing of his personal 
safety, for he was continually walking the trenches, cheering the men. Our 
cause loses a man of the sort of ilbre which is needed in these irying times. 

"May God bless you in thus- offering so splendid a man in the cause 
of Democracy! 

Most respectfully yours, 

W. 0. Holland, 
Capt., Co. L, 119th Inf." 

[Extract from letter written by Sergeant R. R. Martin, member of the 
patrol selected by Lieutenant Hope Massie, the night he went over the top.] 

(In allusion to the picture of Lieutenant Massie sent by his mother. 
Sergeant Martin said : ) 

"April 20, 1919. 

"I am so proud of it, and I think it was so kind and thoughtful of you 
to send all the boys one. 

"Lt. Massie was such a good man, and we all loved him so much. I 
have never seen an officer that was more loved by his men tban he was. 
He was alv;-ays so thoughtful of his 'boys,' and so devoted to duty. It was 
a sad day for us when he was killed. But he died as bravely as any man 
I have ever seen, and requested that his mother be told that he died doing 
his duty. ' 

"I got home about two weeks ago, and was so happy to be home again; 
but my greatest regret is that every mother's boy could not return. But 
they who died did so for a good and just cause, and bravely — and that is 
something to be proud of. 

Sincerely yours, 

Redus R. Martin." 
"Maxton, North Carolina." 

[Extract from a letter written by Jno. B. Keerans, from England, to 
Mrs. Keerans, his mother, at Massie's Mill, Va., and very kindly sent to 
Hope Massie's mother to read.] 

"England, Oct. 13, 1918. 

"Hope Massie was one of the first from our neighbourhood to go, and. 
although he will not come back, his name is now better known in France 
than in Virginia. A wounded 'Tommy' was speaking of him here last week. 
'He had the perfect death. He died that others might live.' * * * A man 
who was noble enough, at the supreme moment, to place the lives of his com- 
rades over Ms own, and make the sacrifice." 

[Extract from a letter written by Mrs. Nelson Poe, of Greenville, S. C, 
giving a portion of a conversation she had with Lieutenant Welsh, A. E. F.] 

"Sept. 4, 1918. 

"Lieutenant Welsh said: 'He (Lt. Massie) and several others were de- 
tailed to find the location of a certain machine-gun which had been very 
deadly. They went out on their mission and were almost positive they had 
located the gun, but agreed that their report must be made without the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Contd) 273 

existence of a doubt. This involved great personal danger to some one. 
(I did not understand the description of the danger.) Lieutenant Massie. 
turning to his comrades, said: 'You fellows are married — I am the one to go.' 
Lieutenant Welsh was ver}- much touched by the clean, noble death of your 
son, for his bravery seems to have stood out conspicuously. * * * *_ 
A braver soul than your son never met his Pilot face to face. If you care 
to, you could write Lieutenant Welsh, Camp Dix, N. J., and I am sure he 
could answer any questions. * * *. 

Mbs. Nelson Poe." 

First Lieutenant WILLL\M IRVINE OWENS, Class 1919. From Virginia. 
15th M. G. Battalion, 9th Brigade, 5th Division, A. E. F. 
In June, 1917, he left the V. M. I., just as he was entering the Second 
Class, and enlisted in the first Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer. 

On August 15, he was commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, Reserve 
Corps. He was immediately assigned to duty with the 11th U. S. (Regular) 
Infantry, at that time stationed at Camp Forrest, Georgia. He remained 
with this unit until February, 1918, when he was transferred to the 15th 
Machine-Gun Battalion. This battalion was attached to the 6th and 11th 
Regiments of Infantry, composing the 9th Brigade, 5th Division. His or- 
ganization left Camp Forrest, April 17, 1918, for Hoboken, N. J., whence it 
embarked for overseas Service a week later. Arriving at Brest, Prance, 
May 2, it entrained for Bar-sur-Aube where it had intensive training until 
June 1, 1918. 

On this date his battalion went to the front to occupy a Sector near the 
Swiss border, and he was sent to the Machine-Gun School at Chatillon-sur- 
Seine. He remained at this School until July 5, and then joined his bat- 
talion which had moved, and was then occupying another sector. After 
ten days it moved to the St. Die Sector for three weeks. It next moved 
to the St. Mihiel front, arriving in line two days before the attack. His 
Division occupied a position on th.e right in the attack, with the 1st Division 
on its left and the 90th Division on its right. Major General McMahon was 
in command of the 5th Division and Brigadier General Malone commanded 
the 9th Brigade. 

After this attack, his organization moved up behind the Verdun Sector, 
arriving there about six days after the attack had begun. It was then put 
in line and occupied a position, with the 33rd Division on its left and the 
3rd Division on its right — between his Division and the Meuse River. 
Here his brigade encountered the hardest fighting which reduced it to nearly 
one-half of its original size. His brigade remained in the fighting for four- 
teen days and was then withdrawn to receive replacements. 

It was called back to the line in two days, with orders to cross the 
Meuse River and advance eighteen kilometers over the Meuse heights. It 
crossed the river at Bruells and made a steady advance for several days, 
until it reached Souppy where it was notified the Armistice had been signed. 
After this, 1st Lieutenant Owens was stationed at Luxemburg until June, 
1919, when his command entrained for Brest and embarked for home. 

He was discharged at Camp Lee on September 16, 1919, as First Lieu- 
tenant, Infantry, Reserve Corps. 

He had received h,is promotion to the grade of First Lieutenant on 
November 5, 1918. 



274 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Other V. M. I. Men in his Division were Colonel P. B. Peyton, Captains 
r.ertschey, Michaux, Smith, R. D. Wysor, Jr., J. Edward Cole, Jr., George F. 
Dashiell, 1st Lieutenants W. 0. Owen, R. W. Polack, Washington Reed, 
Richard F. Walton, Jr., and H. G. Garland, and 2nd Lieutenant Schlegel, 
and some others. Dashiell was killed the night before the Armistice, near 
Souppy, France, and Polack was killed, October 14, near Cunel. 

First Lieutenant ERNEST C. BROWN, Class 1917. From Tennessee. 

Adjutant, 117th Infantry, 13th Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned 2d Lieutenant, June, 1917. Promoted 1st Lieutenant, 

117th Infantry, 13th Division. Served at Camp Sevier, S. C, as Battalion 

Adjutant. Sailed for overseas in same capacity. Severely wounded in action 

and invalided home. 

[It is regretted that details asked for have not been received, though it 
is known that this Graduate served with great gallantry for many months 
in France, was very seriously wounded, and was barely recovered as late 
as the Spring of 1919.] 

First Lieutenant WASHINGTON REED, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
GOth (Regular) Infantry), 5th Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant at Fort Myer, November, 1917, and 
assigned to 60th U. S. Infantry. 

During the engagement near Ponta-Mousson, September 25, 1918, his 
regiment was on its way from the St. Mihiel Sector to the Argonne Forest 
when it stopped for a few days' rest, near that place. 

The French who were occupying this sector along the Moselle River 
requested that two or three companies of the American Infantry, with ma- 
chine-guns, be allowed to take a small salient, preparatory to establishing 
a "jump-off" for the general assault to be made by them th© next morning. 
Company "A," 60th Infantry, of which Reed was then Second Lieutenant, 
and in command, was designated as one of the companies to perform this 
duty. The salient was taken, but Lieutenant Reed was severely wounded, 
while leading his Company in the assault. 

For his gallantry in this action he was recommended by his Major, in 
a communication to the Adjutant General, A. E. F., dated November 26, 
1918, for the "Distinguished Service Cross" which was, later, awarded him 
by the Commanding General, A. E. F., acting by direction of the President, 
with this Citation: 

"Washington Reed, Second Lieutenant, 1st Battalion, 60th Infantry 
For extraordinary heroism in action near Pont-a-Mousson, France, September 
25, 1918. Wounded severely in the knee while leading his Company in 
action, he refused first aid and continued to h,is objective, five hundred 
yards away. Here he organized the position under intense shell fire and 
flank infiltration by the Enemy. When ordered to withdraw, he used the 
stretcher which had been sent for him to carry back a dead soldier of 
his Company." 

The French Government also decorated him with the "Croix de Guerre'' 
for his gallant deed. 

After he returned to the United States, and had been honourably dis- 
charged from the Service, he received the French "Legion of Honour" Medal 
carrying with it the rank of Chevalier, with a Citation from General Petain: 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 275 

"It is needless to say," wrote this V. M. I. hero, "that I am proud to 
possess these decorations, but the 'Distinguished Service Cross' of the 
American Army means more to me than all of the others that have been 
awarded, or could be awarded me." 

First Lieutenant WARREN M. AMERINE, Class 1912. From Alabama. 
56th Infantry. . Later, Intelligence Officer, Headquarters, 13th Infantry 
Brigade, 3d Corps, First Army. 
Attended Second Officers' Training Camp, Ft. Oglethorpe, Ga., from Au 
gust 26 to September 29, 1917. Prior to August, stood examination for ap- 
pointment as Provisional Second Lieutenant in the Regular Army. Received 
notification in September of having successfully passed examination. Upon 
his own request he was discharged from the Training Camp to wind up his 
business affairs. 

Commissioned Provisional Second Lieutenant, October 26, 1917, and 
assigned to 56th U. S. Infantry. Attended 5th Provisional Officers' School 
at Ft. Leavenworth,, Kansas, from November 26, 1917 to February 2G, 1918. 
Joined the 56th Infantry at Camp MacArthur, Waco, Texas, March 11, 1918. 
Attended School of Musketry, Ft. Sill, Oklahoma, April 27 to June 8, 1918. 
Promoted to 1st Lieutenant, June 17, 1918. 

Left United States as a member of Advance School Detachment, 7th 
Division. July 26, 1918; arrived Brest, France, August 6, 1918. Attended 
Second Corps School, August 11 to September 12, 1918. Rejoined Regiment, 
September 13. 

On October S. 5Cth Infantry relieved 360th Infantry, 90th Division, in 
the Puvcnelle Sector, near Metz. Detailed as Intelligence Officer, Heart- 
quarters, Thirteenth Infantry Brigade, on October 26. Was attached to 
Third Corps, First American Army, for observation and instruction in in- 
telligence work, from October 258 to November 5, serving with Corps Observers 
during second phase of Argonne drive, starting November 1. Rejoined 
Brigade, November 6, serving witli it in the following actions: 

Occupation of the Puvenelle Sector, West of the Moselle River, 10 Octo- 
ber 9 November. (Defensive.) 

Occupation of the Puvenelle Sector, 9 November-11 November, 1918. 
(Second Army Offensive.) 

From November 12, 1918 to August 22, 1919, continued to serve on Staff 
of Brig. Gen. A. W. Bjornstad, Commanding 13th Infantry Brigade, Seventh 
Division. Acting Brigade Adjutant from May 20 to August 22, 1919. 

Returned from France, June 20, 1919, and stationed at Camp Mills, 
N. Y. to June 27. Arrived, permanent Division Station, Camp Funston, 
Kansas, June 29. Stationed, Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas, with Provisional 
Regiment, August 21 to 23, 1919. Resignation accepted by President, Au- 
gust 22, 1919. 

Returned to his pre-war position of Actuary of the Georgia Casualty 
Company, Macon, Georgia. 

^ First Lieutenant GAIL HAMILTON ALEXANDER, Class 1899. 

From Virginia. (Born in North Carolina.) 
47th Infantry, 4th Division, A. E. F. Killed in action in France. 
He wrote the Historiographer from Philadelphia (his home), August 
12, 1917: 



276 Virginia Military Institute: — World War Record 

"I have given up the Medical profession (he was In his third year in the 
Medical Department of the Uni-versity of Pennsylvania), and am President 
of the Blakeborough Paper Bag Company of Philadelphia. I have entered 
the Second Officers' Training Camp, and leave for Fort Oglethorpe, Ga., 
August 22, to begin my sentence, and I hope to be of some service to my 
Country." 

He enlisted August 27 as a volunteer (being past the draft age), though 
but recently married, and having in prospect a bright and prosperous busi- 
ness career. He received his commission as First Lieutenant, and was as- 
signed to the 47th Infantry, 4th Division, and -sailed for France, arriving 
at Brest, May 24, 1918. On August 7, 1918, he was killed in action. 

The letters that follow tell the pathetic story: 

"47th Infantry, U. S. A., A. E. F., France, Sept. 3, 1918. 
"Mrs. C H. Alexander, 
2127 Spring Street, 
Philadelphia. 

"My dear Mrs. Alexander: 

"It is with a deep sense of sorrow that I write you of the death of your 
beloved husband, and our beloved companion-in-arms, 1st Lieutenant Gail H. 
Alexander. 

"Doubtless, the news has reached you through official sources already, 
but I wish to add the personal touch which only a companion and friend 
can supply. 

"I know the news of your great loss is hard to bear, and I could not 
express, as also you would not read, any sentiments that were false; but 
that he was true hearted, courageous, and splendid, withal, and that out of 
the abundance of his love for home and country, he made the greatest sacri- 
fice men can make, should not only soften the poignancy of your grief, but 
should fill you with sober pride. 

"It makes me happy to tell you that he was received into God's Eternal 
Rest pure in mind, brave in spirit, and with peace and love in his heart. 
His memory will ever be enshrined in the hearts of his comrades. 

"Lieutenant Alexander was killed August 7, about 11:30 A. M., 200 
yards North of the Vesle River and 50 yards East of Bazoches, by machine- 
gun fire, while advancing with his platoon against German machine-gun 
nests. East of Bazoches. He fell on the field of honour, while coolly and 
bravely leading his platoon into action, as ordered. 

"While his life is cut short, it will unfold itself in God's sight and find 
new employments in the spacious fields of Eternity 

"May God's peace that passes all understanding fill your heart and 
mind, and may you be able to say with confidence and good courage — 'Thy 
will be done'! I shall always feel very close to you in spirit, because we 
are companions in the same sorrow. 

"Believe me, with cordial affection, 

Faithfully yours, 

J. Philip Anshutz, 
Chaplain, 47th, Infantry, U. S. A., A. E. F. 

[A comrade from New Jersey wrote his mother:] 

"Your son and I were in the same Company in Charlotte, N. C, and, 
until his very sad death, in France. Some of the very happiest recollections 
of my life in the Army were associated with your dear son whom all the 
officers and men of that Company came to love very much. 

"We were billeted in the same little chateau, near Meaux, France, dur- 
ing our training period of July, 1918, and many were the happy evenings 
we spent together. He often referred to his dear mother and his early boy- 
hood, and he had the happy faculty of relating incidents in his life, which, 



Some op tt-iti; Specially Distingctished Alumni (Cont'd) 277 

if attempted by the majority of men, would seem uninteresting, and, yet, 
wiien told by him, were full of interest; his happy smile and mirthful laugh 
were always a sure cure for the 'blues.' 

"He was exceedingly popular with the men of his platoon, all of whom 
would have followed -him anywhere, and was tireless in his energy and 
efforts for the welfare of his men." 

[The story of Lieutenant Alexander's death is touchingly told in a 
letter to his wife by his Major, as follows:] 

"The pride which you and I feel in the death of your dear husband is 
a poor recompense for the grief it has brought. You, who knew him best 
of all, are acquainted with all his sterling qualities, and during our three 
months' training in France I came to know him very w*ell, and to esteem 
him highly, both as an officer of rare courage and as a true and sincere 
friend. 5 

"Our battalion encountered the Enemy just North of the Vesle River 
and East of Bazoches, on the morning of August 7. As wei advanced North- 
westward to surround Bazoches, your husband's platoon was the extreme 
left of our line and rested between the river and the railroad North of the 
river. The Scouts in his front, stopped by a hostile machine-gun, wavered 
for a moment. It was then that your husband, a little rashly, but with 
magnificent courage, went deliberately forward to locate the offending gun. 
Another machine-gun, trained accurately to prevent an approach to the first 
gun, caught him squarely as he crossed a bit of open ground, and he fell 
dead, riddled with, bullets. This was at about 11:30 A. M. of August 7. 
'Ere long, perhaps, my Colonel will be writing such a letter to my poor 
little wife. Knowing what sorrow and suffering it will bring, and how in- 
curable is the loss, I can only express my deepest sympathy with you in 
your present bereavement, and assure you that you have made a supreme 
sacrifice for the cause in which our whole energy is united. 

Sincerely yours, 

James A. Stevens, 
Major Infantry, Com'd'g 2nd Batln., 47th Infantry." 

Private Gott, of Indiana, of his platoon (a. young man who had lost one 
leg in action), said: 

"Yes, I knew him; he was my officer and he was good to his men. Why, 
he could make us do anything when he talked to us; he treated us like we 
were human, like he was. We called him 'Aleck,' off duty. He was always 
jolly and laughing and helping us along; never seemed to be conscio^is cf 
death. We got to this little town which was just full of shells bursting and 
dust and smell. They divided our platoon (50 men), and half went forward 
and the other half followed. Lieutenant Alexander was in the first half, and 
the last I saw of him he was smiling, going over a big hill, and then word 
came that a sharpshooter, in a tree with a machine gun, caught him in the 
head and he never moved. Acting Captain Johnson was gassed, and all the 
officers almost were gone by night. The fighting was so bitter that hardly 
a man is living to-day who was in the platoon that morning. We didn't take 
that position; but the men said if Lieutenant Alexander could have staid 
to lead them, they would have won; but they lost heart with his loss. The 
position was taken later * * *. Our men did the work. If we hadn't been 
there to head the Germans off, they would have gone right to Paris, and 
have been dictating laws for us, by now. I lost my leg, and some lost legs 
and arms, and some life; but you people over here don't seem to realize 
that it was this price we had to pay for independence. It was a high price, 
but freedom is a priceless thing to us who love it, and the Germans marked 
it high." 

[Private, though he was, could nobler sentiments be uttered?] 



278 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

"A kind friend who did everything possible to learn all about Lieutenant 
Alexander's last hours on earth wrote his widow that he had met Lieutenant 
Robert W. Wilson, Jr., of Company I, 47th Infantry, who told him that he 
knew Alexander, though not intimately (as they were in different battalions 
of the 47th), but he spoke, of his own accord, of his- popularity among the 
officers of the regiment. He was wounded two days before Alexander fell, 
and hence got his information indirectly. "He told me," said this gentle- 
man, "that the regiment was a part of the forces which came through to 
follow up the drive against the Germans, which began at Chateau Thierry, 
and that for weeks they were under heavy shell fire, with a great many 
casualties. They started a new advance on July 28, In which Lieutenant 
Wilson got his wound. He told me that Gail's platoon, taking part in the 
movement described to you by Major Stevens, was advancing steadily, though 
with heavy losses, and on the morning of the 7th they started forward again 
to wipe out German machine-gun nests. They had already cleaned up one 
nest, and had started for another, when Gail was killed instantly by machine- 
gun bullets, as described by Major Stevens. ' Wilson said that Gail personally 
had accomplished much in the line of his duty before he met this death, 
meaning, of course, that his crowd must have accounted for many Huns, up 
to that time. As you probably know, our men were not taking very many 
prisoners, on occasions when the Germans were shooting into them with 
machine-guns, within a very few feet, and throwing up their hands when 
the bayonets were over them. 

"Wilson told me that Gail was greatly beloved by his brother-officers, 
and was everything a soldier, and particularly an officer and a gentleman, 
should be; an officer who inspired his men and had no hesitancy in taking 
any personal risks for the welfare of the men under his command." 

A friend wrote: "I forgot to tell you that I recently met a Major Murray 
who knew Gail, in fact, was with him in France, who said that one of his 
high officers told bim of Gail's glorious death; and never In my life have I 
heard anyone so beautifully spoken of. It would have done you worlds of 
good to have heard the wonderful story that he told us tliat night of Gail. 
He said that in all his civil life, or Army career, he had never met a finer 
man or braver soldier." 

The University of Pennsylvania has placed the name of First Lieutenant 
Gail Hamilton Alexander on the monument recently erected to perpetuate 
the memory of the valorous deeds of her sons killed in the World War, he 
having been among the first to make the supreme sacrifice. 

First Lieutenant JAMES ALBERT VAN SANT, Class 1918. From Kentucky. 
Company "B," 41st U. S. Infantry (A. E. F.). 
Died in the Service in France. 
Resigning a responsible position in a wholesale Hardware Company in 
Duluth, Minn., he entered the first Ofl^cers' Training Camp, at Fort Snelling, 
Minn., in May, 1917, and was commissioned Provisional Second Lieutenant 
in August, and assigned to the 41st U. S. Infantry. In October, 1917, he 
was promoted to First Lieutenant. He continued to serve with this regi- 
ment until he was ordered overseas with replacements, in May, 1919. He 
landed at Brest, June 14, and w^as on duty at that Post for a short time, and 
was then sent on a tour of instruction with the American Expeditionary 
Forces in France until August 1, when he was assigned to duty with the 
Prisoner of War Escort Company No. 13, and stationed at Gievres, France. 
On October 1, 1919, he was detailed to accompany this Company to the port 
of Brest, and from there was assigned to duty with the Commanding General, 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 279 

District of Paris. From Paris he was sent to Romagne-Sous-Montfaucon, 
for duty at the Argonne Cemetery. 

On Saturday, November 8, 1919, he went to Sedan, Meuse, France 
During that night he was taken ill and was removed to the French Military 
Hospital where he died at 4:45 P. M., November 9, 1919, of intestinal hemor- 
rhage, following intestinal obstruction. He was buried with full military 
honours November 11, 1919, in the United States Cemetery at Romagne-Sous- 
Montfaucon, Meuse, France, in Grave 100-3-36. 

The following letters must give comfort to the hearts that mourn over 
the "going West" of this fine young officer at his post of duty in a foreign 
land: 

"My dear Dr. Van Sant: 

"It is indeed with a sad heart that I write to tell you of the death of 
your son, Lieutenant James A. Van Sant, yesterday, November 9, 1919, the 
official notice of which you should receive from the War Department be- 
fore the receipt of this letter. Your son and I had been here together 
on duty with the 13th Administrative Company since early in October. We 
came here together, had worked together, and lived together; and in Lieu- 
tenant Van Sant I had found an able and conscientious officer, a willing 
and helpful co-worker, and a true friend. Your loss is indeed my loss, too, 
and I bear for you and Lieutenant Van Sant's mother a profound sympathy 
which I am unable to express * * *. 

(Signed) W. C. Brigham, 
Captain, U. S. Infantry." 

"Mayen, Germany, Jan'y 1, 1920. 
"* * * You knew him as a son; I knew him as a real friend and 
companion. Yes, I knew him as he really was, and I thank God for so rich 
an acquaintance. He was a gentleman of the highest type. What greater 
tribute could I pay him? What higher honour could a man attain? 

"He was always ready to help, to console, and, if need be, to sacrifice 
his own desires for those around him. Never have I seen him shirk his 
duty as an officer, and I know for a fact that the men under him, without 
exception, greatly admired and respected him * * =f! 

William D. Powell. 
1st Lieut., 50th Infantry." 

"Rom.agne-Sous-Montfaucon, Meuse, France. 
"* * * This flower is from the grave of your dear boy buried here in 
the Argonne Cemetery. Three volleys of musketry were fired, and I am 
enclosing one shell from each fire. When all three were fired it was like 
one gun. 

"The ground was covered with snow, and all looked so white and peace- 
ful. The services at the grave were so impressive. I am sure all was as 
you would have had it." 

Nora Welch Crump. 
American Y. W. C. A." 

The glory of death on the battlefield was denied him; and, yet, he died 
for his Country, and his sacrifice was complete. 

First Lieutenant J. RIVES CHILDS, Class 1912. From Virginia. 

Infantry, A. E. F. 
Here is the record of this brilliant young officer: 



280 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Volunteer, American Ambulance in France, 1915. Applied for examina- 
tion. Officers' Reserve Corps, March, 1917. Admitted, First Officers' Train- 
ing Camp, 3d Co., Fort Myer, Va., May 15, 1917. Commissioned 2d Lt., 
Infantry, August 15, 1917. Assigned to 318th Infantry, 80th Division. Ap- 
pointed aide-de-camp, C. 0., 159th Brigade, 80th Division, September 14, 1917. 
Assigned, War College Division, General Staff, 21, 1917, for course of 
instruction. Resigned as aide-de-camp, C. O., 159th Brigade, 80th Division, 
Nov. 15, 1917, and ordered to Geneva, Illinois, for an advanced course in 
Intelligence duty. Upon completion of these duties, ordered to report to 
Commanding General, A. E. F., for Intelligence duty. 

Embarked, New York for Liverpool, Dec. 24, 1917. Reported, G. H. Q., 
A. E. F., Feb. 1, 1918. Appointed Chief, Bureau of Enemy Ciphers, G 2 A 6, 
Radio Intelligence Section, General Staff. At various times, between Feb. 
1 and Nov. 11, 1918, assigned to temporary duty with British War Office, 
French Ministere de la Guerre, French G. H. Q., British G. H. Q., and 
British 5th and 6th Armies. 

Commissioned 1st Lt., Infantry, October 8, 1918. Assigned to duty with 
American Commission to Negotiate Peace, Dec. 2, 1918. Relieved from duty 
with American Commission to Negotiate Peace and assigned to duty with 
the American Relief Administration, April 10, 1919. From April 10 to 
Sept. 5, 1919, in charge of the C. R. B. ot the Amjerican Relief Adminisitira- 
tion, in Southern Serbia, with headquarters at Salonika, Greece. 

Decorated by Jugo-Slavic Government in August, 1919. 

Returned to United States, Oct. 4, 1919. 

Discharged, Oct. 23, 1919. 

TTie son of a gallant young courier on the Staff of General Lee, who 
saw service in the world-famed Army of Northern Virginia, C. S. A., it is 
not surprising that this "Old Cadet" proved true^to his tradition. Patriotism 
was bred in him and had its fruition in his splendid service in the World 
War, which is abundantly attested by letters from the Assistant Chief of 
Staff of the Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., and the Secretary of the American 
Peace Commission. 

He is now on the Staff of the Associated Press in Washington, and 
will soon go abroad as a Foreign Correspondent. 

First Lieutenant JAMES A. MILLER, Class 1914. Prom Virginia. 
Company "K," 47th (Regular) Infantry, 4th Division, A. E. F. 

He served with the 1st Virginia Cavalry on the Border in 191G-17. 

He was commissioned at Fort Myer 2d Lieutenant, Infantry, November 
26, 1917, and was assigned to the 47th (Regular) Infantry, U. S. A. 

He served at Camp Greene, North Carolina, and, later, went to France 
with his command. He saw hard service and won distinction for bravery 
and efficiency. 

He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant. 

In the Summer of 1918 he received two wounds at one time, and was, 
later, wounded again. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 281 

First Lieutenant RODNEY WILLARD POLACK, Class 1908. 
From Pennsylvania. 

In command of Company "D," 60th Infantry, 5th. Division, A. E. F. 
Killed in action in France. 

He wag commissioned, November 26, 1917, 1st Lieutenant, at Fort Ogle- 
thorpe, Georgia, aiid assigned to the 60th Infantry, 5th Division. 

He began his career as a Mechanical Engineer; later, giving up his 
profession for mercantile life. He early enlisted in the cause of his 
Country; received a commission, as above shown, and sailed for France 
with his unit. On October 14th, 1918, he was killed by a sniper's bullet 
at, or near, Cunel, about twenty miles from Verdun, while gallantly leading 
his Company. He had previously fought at the head of his men at St. Mihiel 
and the Argonne. 

The two letters that follow from a Corporal in his Company and from 
a brother-officer of his regiment are of deep and pathetic interest: 

"Go. 'D,' 60t.h Inf., American E. F., 

Dec. 20, 1918, Esch, Luxemburg." 
"Dear Mr. Polack: 

"Undoubtedly, you will be rather surprised to hear from me, as I do not 
think you know' me, although my home is in York, Pa.; however, I am 
•a member of the Company which your brother, Rodney, was in command of, 
at the time he met his death. Being in the same Company together, and 
both coming from the same City, we naturally became acquainted, and as- 
sociated considerably with one another, even though he was an officer and 
I an enlisted man. 

"On October 13, our Company went up in support of the front line 
South of Cunel, a town North of Verdun. That night we moved up to the 
front line where we stayed in shell-holes until the following morning when 
we went 'over the top,' directly in front of the town of Cunel, 8:30 A. M. 
We advanced to the town and very shortly after entered it. We met con- 
siderable resistance in the town, due to machine-gun fire from all sides; and, 
while leading several men in an attack on a machine-gun nest, on the left- 
centre of the town, your brother was hit by a machine-gun bullet in the tread. 

"At the time he fell I was only a few yards away, on his right, and by 
the time I reached his side he was unconscious. I can not say how often he 
was hit in the body, but I know the wound in his head was the fatal one, as 
life was extinct almost instantly. I had spoken to him only a few minutes 
before we decided to wipe out the machine-gun nest, and that was about 
how we should advance. 

"The censorship doesn't allow mei to enumerate casualties, but Lieu- 
tenant Polack's loss wasn't the only one we had that day, but it was the 
worst blow the Germans could give the men under his command. He was 
a fearless leader whom the men under ham would follow anywhere. Every 
man in the Company had the highest respect for him, and the loss of him 
to us^ — those of us who still remain — is an occurrence which we shall never 
forget. His career as commander of Company 'D' was one which showed his 
true American spirit; and in action, his cool, fearless leadership shewed his 
patriotism and earnestness in the cause for which he! sacrificed his life 
His body is buried South of Cunel where he fell, at a place called Madeleine 
Farms, in a large cemetery where many true Americans now rest. Lieu- 
tenant J. B. Crane, formerly with our Company, but now of Co. 'B,' this 
Regiment, is sending you a map of the sector showing Cunel and Madeleine 
B^arms. 

"Mr. Polack, I hereby wish to extend th,e most sincere sympathy of 
every man in Company 'D' to you and the relatives of First Lieutenant 
Polack who will miss him far more than we; but in years to come we shall 



282 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

remember his loyal leadership, and think of him as one of the heroes who 
fearlessly gave his life on earth to continue it anew with God. 

"On th<e 15 of October, I was burned with mustard gas and was evacuated 
to the Hospital where I remained four weeks. I am as well as ever again, 
and am now awaiting the day I can again set my feet on the soil of the 
'good old [J. S. A.' 

"This is a considerably longer letter than I expected to write, but 1" 
thought possibly you would be glad to get some information from some- 
one who was present, when Lieutenant Polack met his death. 

"With my sincere sympathy for those who mourn the loss of your 
brother, 

I am most respectfully, 

(Signed) Corporal Walter H. Stout." 

"American Exp. Forces, Dec. 19, 1918. 
"Mr. Ernest H. Polack, 

"Dear Sir: 

"I am writing, in answer to your letter to the Chaplain about your 
brother. Lieutenant Rodney W. Polack. 

"On the morning of October 14, 1918, this battalion advanced on Cunel, 
France, which is a small village about twenty miles North-east of Verdun. 
This town was held by the Germans who put down a terrific fire against 
th.e advance. Before reaching the town, Lieutenant Polack was killed in-, 
stantly by a sniper's bullet. He was buried beside men who followed him 
that morning to the extreme sacrifice. His grave is near Madeleine Farms 
which is an old farm house and other buildings, now in ruins, not far from 
Cunel. , 

"I had known your brother for several months, being in the same Com- 
pany since last March. He was highly respected and admired by his mei; 
who mourn his death as soldiers do quietly, yet often I have heard them 
mention him with words showing their esteem for the man who led them in 
the battle of St. Mihiel and the Argonne. 

"I extend my deepest sympathy to his relatives and Miss Alvord. 

Respectfully yours, 

(Signed) John B. Crane, 
Lt, 60th Inf." 
Colonel Henry C. Ford, of the V. M. I. Faculty, was a ship companion 
of the brothier of First Lieutenant Polack, and the latter's coming to the 
Institute was due to that chance association. 

He was a noble young man who nobly died for God and Country. 

First Lieutenant AUSTIN WITHERS WOOLFORD, Class 1917. 
From Virginia. 
307th Infantry, 77th Division, A. E. F. 
(Part of while in different commands of B. E. F.) 
Enlisted at Plattsburg, N. Y., May 12, 1917. Commissioned 2nd Lieu- 
tenant, Infantry, U. S. R. C, August 1.5, 1917. Ordered to Camp Upton, N. 
Y., and attached to 30Sth Infantry, August 29. Transferred and assigned to 
307th Infantry, September 19, 1917. 

Sailed for France, April 4 (or 6), 1918. Landed on 14th at Calais. At 
tached to British near St. Omar; then attached to 47th Canadian Battalion, 
on Vimey Ridge, South of the town of Vimey; afterwards attached to 4th 
Seaforths, and then to the Gordons, in the 51st Scotch Highland Division, 
B. E. F. In June, 1917, he re-joined the 307th U. S. Infantry, 77th Divi&io.i, 
in Baccarat, as Battalion Scout Officer. Occupied sector, Battalion H. Q., 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 283 

in St. Maurice. Burned by mustard gas, June 18, 1917. Moved in August to 
Vesle front, near Fismes. Took over August 5. Advanced from Vesle to 
Aisne River. High explosive wound on September 14, 1918. Invalided home, 
and discliarged from Service, May 12, 1919. 

His mother wrote: 

"This is liis own account. He gives no details; so I will add that the 
shell severed his left hand from the arm, and, later, the arm was amputated. 
A second operation was necessary, leaving the arm to the elbow. On his 
way back, after being operated on at the Field Hospital, he was burned 
very badly by mustard gas from the knees up, was blind for a week and 
his throat badly off. His sight has been restored, though he still wears 
glasses, and will have to wear them for a long tim.e. 

"From May, when discharged, till September, 1919, he worked for the 
Council of National Defense, placing discharged soldiers on jobs. He is 
now with the Franklin Trust Company, in New York City, and studying 
at Columbia University at night. I suspect his home address (237 Main 
Street, Suffolk, Va. ) is the most permanent one he has. 

"I sincerely hope you can piece together what you want for your 
record from this, as it seems to me a very fine thing to have these records 
fully kept." 

An heroic son of an heroic mother! 

First Lieutenant JAMES A. PIGUE, Class 1905. From Tennessee. 

Company "A," 117th Infantry, 59th Brigade, 30th Division, A. E. F. 
Killed in Action in France. 

Having received military training at the Virginia Military Institute, 
Figue entered the U. S. Marine Corps in 1904. He was one of six men desig- 
nated to accompany General William C. Gorgas, Surgeon-General of the U. S. 
Army (then Colonel Gorgas), to Panama on important work, incident to 
the construction of the Canal. He remained there for the space of a year 
after which he was ordered back to the United States. He then served, 
alternately, on land and at sea. 

During the Jamestown Exposition, Lieutenant Figue was second in com- 
mand of the Government Pier being constructed there. After his service 
there, he was transferred to Norfolk, Virginia, for duty, and from there to 
Annapolis. Following this, he saw eighteen months' sea service with Admiral 
Badger in the Mediterranean Sea. Later, he did Scout duty with the North 
Atlantic Fleet, and in 1909 he was honourably discharged from the Service, 
at his own request. He then determined to settle down to peaceful pur- 
suits. But it was not to be for long. 

In 191G, the Mexican Border trouble arose. He enlisted at once with 
the First Tennessee National Guard Regiment (Nashville being his home at 
that time), and went to Texas. He was soon made a Second Lieutenant, 
and it was not long before his promotion to First Lieutenant followed. He 
won two medals for excellent service on the Mexican Border, having previ- 
ously been awarded two medals, and given a Panama badge. He came back 
to Nashville with his regiment, and was mustered out of Service. Soon, the 
First Tennessee Regiment was recalled to Federal Service, and he again 
joined it (having just married), and remained with, the regiment during 
its stay at Camp Jackson, Nashville, and at Camp Sevier, Greenville, South 
Carolina, until the First Tennessee Regiment became a Heavy Artillery 
Regiment and was designated as the II 5th Field Artillery, U. S. A 



284 Virginia Military Institute — AVorld War Eecord 

Lieutenant Pigue desired Infantry service and was, therefore, transferred to 
the 117th Infantry, Company "A," 59th Brigade. 

He left the United States on May 4, 1918, reached Belgium on the 20, 
and was given command of British and Australian Artillery, May 26 (as 
there was a great shortage of officers with these troops). He served with 
these outfits until July 14, when the 30th Division of Americans was sent 
to Belgium to reinforce the British. On July 1-^, he was given command 
of a battalion of the 117th Infantry, with which he went into action in 
the Soissons-Rheims Sector, on July 17, 1918, and the next day he was 
killed, shot through the heart by a sniper, while he was making observa- 
tions, he being the first officer, and the first man, killed in the 30th Division. 

The Nashville Banner, in its issue of August 2, 1918, said: 

"He was one of the most popular young men of Nashville and his death 
will come as a shock to his many friends. 'Jim,' as he was better known 
to those who were numbered among his acquaintances, was a finished soldier 
and gentlemen. He received his education and military training at the Vir- 
ginia Military Institute, the 'West Point of the South,' and in 1904 entered 
the Service, choosing to specialize in the Marine Corps. * * *" 

Brigadier General Reed, under whom he served while in Panama, said 
to the wife of the hero, just before he sailed from New York: 

"Your husband has stood a test that not one out of a thousand could 
stand. He is due for a Major's commission * * *." 

His father said: "My boy's heart was in the service of his Country." 

There was a Memorial Service held at the First Baptist Church of Nash- 
ville, of which Lieutenant Pigue was a devoted member, and fitting exer- 
cises were held in honour of the martyr. 

An extract from the last letter of the deceased officer to his wife, writ- 
ten July 12, was read, which, as his cousin and brother Alumnus of the 
V. M. I., Weaver Harris, of Class 1904, said: 

"Revealed a new, regenerated Jim, full of that great soul-spirit often 
developed by the fire and iron of War. As Coningsby Dawson, in one of 
his letters, says: 'Certainly, there are fine qualities, which War, despite 
its unnaturalness, develops.' These men seem to be lifted, so to speak, 
spiritually into a new world of thought, and, with, a clarified vision, view 
the future with new ideas and purposes. As Jim expressed it: 'We all 
can't be heroes and wear medals and get our names in the dispatches, but 
we can do our full duty, and wear our medals on our hearts.' " • 

The writer of this feeble sketch knew this gallant young officer who 
was his son's roommate at the V. M. I., and, therefore, he experiences a 
personal grief in his cruel taking-off. 

First Lieutenant J. VINCIL STARK. Class 1910. From Missouri. 

Adjutant, 3rd Battalion, 140th Infantry, 35th Division, A. E. F. 

Left Camp Doniphan, in April, 1918, for overseas service as Second 
Lieutenant and Supply Officer (detailed) of his section. Was again assigned 
as Supply Officer of his battalion on board ship, and continued as such until 
the battalion went into position with the remainder of the 35th Division, 
back of the British, early in May, 19ia. He was then assigned to the 
British School of Observation and Intelligence; later, joining his regiment 
on its way to the Vosges Mountains, as Adjutant of the 3rd Battalion (under 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 285 

Major Murray Davis), having been previously promoted to First Lieutenant. 
His regimeht suffered some casualties during its stay in the mountains, but 
its first major engagement was at St. Mihiel, when ifj served in support. 

On September 26, the 35th Division "went over" in front of Vanquois. 
Then it was in the battle of the Argonne. First Lieutenant Stark was in 
action three days when he met up with a H. E. shell, receiving two wounds- 
one in the left thigh just above the knee. (A fragment was removed from 
the right buttock a month later.) And he lost the little finger of his right 
hand. He was placed in six or eight. Hospitals, three in the United States; 
but after more than a year, he was still in Hospital in Fort Sheridan, 
when last heard from. He appeared before a Board and was recommended 
for the regular Service. 

His record in the War was distinguished, and it 'is not strange that his 
father wrote: "Of course, I am proud of him, for he did his duty to his 
Country and to the V. M. I." 

Re-commissioned First Lieutenant, U. S. A., September, 1920. 

First Lieutenant HERBERT C. F. SITWELL, Class 1919. From Virginia. 
First Pioneer Infantry, A. E. F. 

In April, 1917, he took the leading part in raising a battery of Coast 
Artillery at Hopewell, Virginia, with tJie sanction of the Governor of Vir- 
ginia and the War Department. A fine battery was organized of which 
he was chosen Captain. It was learned that a large majority of the per- 
sonnel were munition workers, and hence the War Department withdrew 
its consent to the mustering in of the battery. 

He, later, entered the Fort Myer Training Camp and received a com- 
mission as First Lieutenant, and was assigned to the First Pioneer Infantry. 
Less than a month after his arrival in France, in .Tuly, 1918, he was very 
severely gassed in action. He was sent to Hospital where he remained some 
weeks. He was the senior lieutenant of his Company and the youngest 
officer in his regiment. 

First Lieutenant HERBERT W. HARRIS, Class 1912. From Virginia. 

Quartermaster Corps. Supply Officer, 316th Service Battalion, U. S. A. 

Later, Personnel Officer, Camp Mills, N. Y. 

Few young officers deserve higher praise than he for the effective work 
he performed during the war, and especially in its early stages. 

He had served for over five years with the Virginia National Guard 
(R. L. I. Blues), and, during 1916-17, in the Border trouble with that 
organization. 

He was sent to Richmond as sergeant to aid in recruiting a Company, 
to be known as the "Blue Company." He laboured faithfully for many 
months, and had the gratification of raising a fine Company of which he 
was elected First Lieutenant. The election, however, was not confirmed 
by the War Department. He returned to his command at Anniston, Alabama, 
and resumed his duties as sergeant of 1st Virginia Cavalry (R. L. I. Blues). 
Later, he was one of that organization selected to attend the Officers' Train- 
ing Schiool at Camp McClellan, and he received his commission as Second 
Lieutenant April 20, 1918. He was assigned to the Quartermaster Corps. 



286 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

and was stationed at Newport News, Virginia, and Camp Mills, N. Y. At 
the latter Post he was appointed Supply Officer, 316th Service Battalion, 
and, later, served as Personnel Officer. He never got his deserts. He per- 
formed all his duties with honour and credit, but he was denied the grati- 
fication of going to the battle front. He has resumed his pre-war occupation 
of Deputy Clerk of the Law and Equity Court, Richmond, Virginia. 

First Lieutenant KARL MINNIGERODE, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
129th Machiine-Gun Battalion, 35th Division, A. B. F, 
Entered first Officers' Training Camp, Presidio, San Francisco, May 15, 
1917. Cornmissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, August 15, 1917, and as- 
signed to 128th Machine-Gun Battalion, 35th Division, Camp Doniphan, 
Oklahoma. Promoted to First Lieutenant, February 12, 1918, and assigned 
to 129th Machine-Gun Battalion, 35th Division. 
Left for overseas service, April 17, 1918. 

Took part in the St. Mihiel Offensive, September 12, 1918. Took part 
in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, September 26-October 2, 1918. On March 
29, 1919, he was transferred to the 29th Division and made Division Athletic 
Officer. 

April 28-June, 1919, ill in Hospital, Dijon, France. 
June 9, 1919, sailed for home. 

October 31, 1919, honourably discharged at Baltimore, Md. Re-com- 
missioned First Lieutenant, U. S. A., in September, 1920. 

His father. Lieutenant Charles M. Minnigerode, was a gallant Staff 
Officer of Major General Fitzhugh Lee, C. S. A., and in the last battle of the 
War was maimed for life. 

His grandfather was the Rev. Charles Minnigerode, D. D., the beloved 
Rector of historic St. Paul's Church, Richmond, Virginia, for thirty years. 

First Lieutenant WILLIAM B. YANCEY, Cla^s 1914. From Virginia. 
Machine-Gun Company, 51st Infantry, 6th Division, A. E. F. 
Enlisted at first Fort Myer Officers' Training Camp. 
Commissioned Provisional Second Lieutenant, Regular Army. Assigned 
to 51st Infantry, Machine-Gun Company, 6th Division. 

Went to France with his Division and participated in all its actions. 
Slightly wounded by high explosive shell, September 15, 1918. 

First Lieutenant ALEXANDER H. ERASER, Class 1908. From Texas. 
Air Service, U. S. A. Died in the Service. 
One of four brothers who were Cadets at the V. M. I., two graduating. 
He and his brother. Lieutenant Douglas M. Eraser, enlisted in the Avia- 
tion Service early in the War. His service was chiefly at Kelly Field, 
Texas, where he earned the highest praise for faithfully discharging his 
duties. 

He died in the Service of pneumonia following influenza, at Fort Sam 
Houston, Texas, October 28, 1918. 

First Lieutenant SAMUEL A. McKINNEY, Class 1913. From Virginia. 
Adjutant, 1st Battalion, 116th Infantry, 29th Division, A. E. F. 
Served on Mexican Border, July, 1916-January, 1917, as Sergeant, Com- 
pany "D," 1st Virginia Infantry (National Guard). Elected Second Lieu- 



Some of the Specially Distinguislied x\lumni (Cont'd) 287 

tenant, April 14, 1917. Mustered into Federal Service, July 25, 1917. Pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, August 4, 1917. Ordered to Camp McClellan, 
Alabama, September 2(5, 1917. Assigned to Company "H," llGth Infantry, 
29th Division. Sailed tor France, June 10, ]918. Participated in following 
engagements : 

Centre Sector, Haute, Alsace, July 25-September 23, 1918; Argonne- 
Meuse, October 8-29, 1918. 

Transferred as Adjutant, 1st Battalion, 116th Infantry (G. M. Alexander, 
V. M. I., Major), October 4, 1918. Served in this capacity until discharged. 
Arrived in United States, May 21, 1919; discharged eight days later. 

Now with M. L. Bowen Company, New York. Address, c/o Alfred B. 
Percy, Lynchburg, Virginia. 
First Lieutenant W. E. BAUGHAM, Class 1915. From North Carolina. 
113th F. A., A. E. F. 

He enlisted as a private in Battery "B," 113th Field Artillery, June 29, 
1917. On August 5, 1917, he was promoted from the ranks to the grade of 
First Lieutenant, and retained this rank until he was discharged, March 
29, 1919. 

His regiment trained in light field artillery at Camp Sevier, S. C, from 
September 15, 1917 until the first of May, 1918. On the 8 of May, 1918, he 
sailed from Hoboken, N. J., on the transport George Washington, and landed 
at Brest, France, on May 18. After a brief stop in the so-called "P.est 
Camp" there, the Advance School Detachiment of his regiment went to 
Valdahon, France, near tlie Swiss border, to train in field artillery, there 
awaiting the arrival of the rest of his regiment, which sailed three weeks 
afterwards. From Valdahon he went to Coetquidan, France, where he trained 
further, and was eventually equipped for service at the front. Leaving 
Coetquidan on the 22 of August, as Commander of the Headquarters Com- 
pany of his regiment, he, with his Company, arrived ait Toul on the 25th of 
the same month. Here they unloaded, and marched about ten miles at 
night to their echelon from where th,ey were to take over their defensive 
part of the Toul Sector. It was here that he received his first experience 
in war. Ha was later relieved of the command of the Headquarters Com- 
pany, and was assigned to the Second Battalion, as Machine-Gun, Radio and 
Intelligence Officer of this battalion. On the 12 of September, 1918, he took 
part in the great Saint Mihiel drive. After a few days in this sector he v/as 
transferred to the Argonne Sector where, on September 27, he assisted in 
launching the barrage attack which paved the way for the Infantry. He 
advanced in this sector to Montfaucon where he remained, holding his posi- 
tion for ten days. While in this sector, his command being divisional artil- 
lery, it supported the "Rainbow," the 33rd, and the 37th Divisions. From 
this sector he was transferred to the Meuse Sector where he remained, and 
assisted in attacks, until the Armistice was signed on November 11. 

He went forward with his Company into Luxemburg, as a part of the 
Army of Oecupation, remaining in this province for a month. From there 
he was sent to Le Mans which was the Embarkation Sector, and, later, sailed 
from St. Nazaire on the transport Santa Theresa, on the 4 of March, 1919, 
arriving in this Country on the 18 of the same month. He was discharged 
on th3 29 of March, at Camp Jackson, S. C. 



288 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

He married, while at Camp Sevier, a young lady from his home, and 
found awaiting him, on his return, an eight months' old girl baby. 

His brother James v/ho served in the LaFayette Escadrille, was shot 
down from the air on July 1, 1918, and died the next day. He had three 
German Planes to his credit, and was awarded the French Croix de Guerre 
and the Medaille Militaire. Another brother served as a corporal in his 
regiment, and returned as luckily as he. 

First Lieutenant EDWARD TRAFTON HATHAWAY, Class 1915, 

From Oklahoma. 

Flight Commander, 90th Air Squadron, A. E. F. 

Killed in the line of duty. 

Lieutenant Edward Trafton Hathaway, wIlo was killed in an airplane 
accident in France, June 25, 1918, was born in Denison, Texas, Oct. 2G, 
1892. He was educated in the public schools of Denison and Oklahoma City, 
the Military Institute at Roswell, N. M., and the Virginia Military Institute'. 
He resigned his position with the Texas Company at Houston in March,, 
1917, and went to France in command of American Ambulance Unit No. 17. 
His ambulance unit was cited for bravery under fire by the French during 
the battle around Verdun in August. The latter part of August he enlisted 
in the United States Air Service in Paris. In September, 1917, he was 
commissioned First Lieutenant and attached to the Ninetieth Air Squadron, 
and was later promoted to flight commander. 

Lieutenant Hathaway is survived by his moth,er, Mrs. Lily B. Hathaway, 
and his only brother, Prank B. Hathaway, both of Tulsa, Okla. 'Mrs. Hatha- 
way received a letter from an officer who served with her son, giving the 
following account of Lieutenant Hathaway 's death and funeral: 

"They were starting out on a mission over the lines about 8 o'clock in 
the morning of June 25, and were circling in climbing almost directly above 
our field, wh,en in some inexplicable manner the machine became uncon- 
trollable and fell to the ground. Trafton died instantly without pain, and 
the observer within an hour. 

"The funeral was of necessity simple but extremely impressive, a Captain 
from another squadron being buried at the same time with our two boys. 
The ceremony was, of course, military, and was attended by the 'squadron in 
a body, together with such personal friends from neighbouring units as were 
able to be there. Th,9 grave itself lies in the little cemetery of United States 
Base Hospital No. 1, almost within sight of the lines and in full sound of 
the guns, and in the same cemetery in which, the famous Major Lufberry 
and two pilot friends of Trafton and myself lie buried." 

First Lieutenant JACK W. BURRESS, Class 1918. From Virginia. 
o71st Infantry, A. E. F. 
Entered Second Officers' Training Camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia. 
August, 1917, and ordered to Camp Jackson, South Carolina, where he was 
assigned to the 371st Infant^^ He remained with this organization through- 
out the War. 

He was ordered overseas as a Casual Officer, the latter part of March, 
1918, but joined his regiment, a month later, in the Training Area at 
Ear-le-Duc, Department of the Meuse, where he remained until early in June. 
He was then ordered to the front. [His regiment was composed of negro 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 289 

draftees from South Carolina.! The regiment was brigaded with the 157th 
French Division, then a part of the Second French Army. From the middle 
of June to the middle of September, he was stationed in the Verdun Sector, 
being moved from one end to the other, and on the Champagne front also. 
On September 1, he attended the French School of the Line for the first 
group of French Armies, which was held at CousanccMaux-Forges. 

About the middle of September, his Division was transferred to the 
13th Army Corps, then a part of the 4th French Army which was com- 
manded by General Gourand. On the morning of the 26 of September, his 
Division attacked the Enemy throughout the Eastern end of the Champagne 
Sector, in liaison with the 1st American Army in the Argonne. 

During the attack, the Division suffered very heavy casualties from 
machine-gun and artillery fire; however, it reached all of its objectives in ' 
due course. 

On the morning of the 30 of September, Lieutenant Burress received a 
slight flesh wound in his left arm; a few minutes later, he received a flesh 
wound in his left leg; at the end of an hour or so, he received slight wounds 
in the head and shoulder, and just after this, he received a wound in his 
right arm, which necessitated his being evacuated. All his wounds were 
from high explosive shell splinters. He was shifted from one Hospital to 
another, and on the 6 of August was invalided home. 

On January 5, 1919, he was discharged from the Service. 

He was one of four brothers, in the Service during the War, his eldest 
brother being the gallant Captain Withers A. Burress, Graduate of Class 
1914. (See above.) 

First Lieutenant WILLIAM S. McCOY, Class 1909. From Missouri. 
355th Infantry, 89th Division, A. E. F. 

Attended first Officers' Training Camp at Fort Riley, Kansas. Commisr 
sioned First Lieutenant, Infantry, August 15, 1917. Assigned to 355th In 
fantry, 89th Division, in which he gallantly served overseas. 

He was severely wounded in the thigh by a "whiz-bang," September 
13, 1918, the second day of the St. Mihiel drive. Sent to' Hospital where he 
was kept till December 19, 1918. 

Honourably discharged, and resumed his pre-war profession of Archi- 
tecture, in Independence and Kansas City, Missouri. 

First Lieutenant GILLMAN K. CROCKETT, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
9th Machine-Gun Battalion, 3rd Division, A. E. F. 
Enlisted at Plattsburg Training Camp in May, 1917. Commissioned 
Provisional Second Lieutenant, and assigned to the 38th U. S. Infantry, 
at Syracuse, N. Y. FTom there he was ordered to Camp Greene. He was 
transferred when the Machine-Gun Battalions were formed, and joined the 
7th Machine-Gun Battalion. When this battalion was motorized C. and D. 
Companies were sent to the 8th and 9th Machine-Gun Battalions, respec- 
tively. He was attached to the 9th Machine-Gun Battalion. 

He went overseas, February 28, 1918, with the advance party of the 3rd 
Division (Regular), and went into training until May 28, when his battalion 
was ordered to Chateau Thierry, to help hold the Marne crossing. The 



290 Virginia Military Institute — A¥orld War Eecord 

battalion suffered its first casualty, June 3, 1918. It occupied a sector on the 
direct path of the last big German drive of July 15. 

In the counter-attack of July 22, he was shot through the hand by a 
machine-gun. He was stationed on the Vesle River, near Fismes, August 
1-12. His battalion acted as Corps Reserve in th.e St. Mihiel drive. It took 
up front line duty, and attacked October 9, during the Meuse-Argonne 
battle. 

After his Captain and First Lieutenant were wounded, he was in com- 
mand of a. Company of Infantry and platoon of Machine-Guns. He was 
wounded, the second time, a few moments later, the bullet hitting him on 
the left side of the jaw, passing through his throat, and coming out of his 
right shoulder. He lay in a shell-hole twelve hours, until it was dark 
enoug'h to get back to a dressing-station. 

He was invalided home, December 18, 1918, sailing from St. Nazalre, 
and landing at Newport News on the 31. He was sent to the Base Hospital 
at Camp Devens where he underwent two operations on his jaw. 

He was discharged as cured, June 10, 1919, and was then assigned to 
duty with the 36th Infantry. 

He received his permanent First Lieutenancy in November, 1919. He 
has not positively decided yet whether he will continue permanently in the 
Service, or not. An older brother, Albert S. Crockett, Graduate of Class 
1909, was an Fmsign in the U. S. Navy, R. F., during the War, in the 
Submarine Section. 

First Lieutenant GEORGE TAYLOE BLACKFORD, Class 1901. 

From Virginia. 

(One of five broth,8rs who served as Cadets, V. M. I., two graduating and 

two deceased before the War.) 

Engineers, Railway, A. .E. P. 

(Commanding Detachments at times numbering several thousand men.) 

He enlisted as a private in the 17th Engineers, Railway, June 15, 1917. 
Sailed for France, July 28, 1917. Promoted to Sergeant, First Class, Master 
Engineer (Junior Grade), Master Engineer (Senior Grade). Commissioned 
First Lieutenant, Engineers, Railway, March 29, 1918. Commanded detach- 
ments numbering thirty-five hundred men. and including nine hundred Ger- 
man prisoners. Served twentj'^-six months overseas. Recommended for 
promotion to grade of Captain five times and to grade of Major twice. Re- 
ceived French Citation by Commanding General, Region of Docks, Munition 
Dumps, Hospitals, Camps, etc. Had charge of Steel Building Construction 
at Montair, France, where five million, three hundred thousand square 
feet of steel buildings were constructed in approximately seven months. 
Afterwards, represented section of Engineer Office at Nantes, France. 

Returned to United States September 1, 1919. 

Mustered out of Service at Washington, September 21, 1919. 

The record of this officer is superb, and why his many recommendations 
for promotion were not acted en cannot be explained. 

An older brother, Lt. Colonel Charles M. Blackford, Graduate of Class 
1897, died in the Service, at his Post, during the War. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 291 

First Lieutenant THOMAS WHITE WILMER, Class 1914, "Third Honour." 

From Virginia. 
19th P. A., 5th, Division, and, later, Instructor Artillery Training Centre, 

A. E. P. 

At first Officers' Training Camp, Fort Niagara, New York, May 11- 
August 15, 1917. Commissioned Provisional Second Lieutenant, F. A. Regular 
Army, August 15, 1917. August 15, 1917-February 22, 1918, duty with 19th 
Field Artillery, San Antonio and Waco, Texas. February 22-June 8, 1918, 
with 5th Division, Advance Detachment. Arrived at Bordeaux, France, 
March 24, 1918. 

Promoted to First Lieutenant, P. A., July 3, 1918. June 8-Decemher 10, 
1918, Instructor, Artillery Training Centre, La Valdahon, Ftance. December 
10, 1918-July 13, 1919, duty with 19th Field Artillery, Army of Occupation. 
Arrived United States, July 22, 1919. Resignation accepted, August 27, 1919. 

Returned to pre-war profession of Electrical Engineering, with Western 
Electric Company, Richmond, Virginia. 

[First Lieutenant Wilmer's father, the Hon. A. P. Wilmer, has been 
the British Consul in Richmond, Virginia, for many years. Both he and 
his wife performed devoted service in the Red Cross, throughout the War, 
being at the head of the "Canteen Committee," which ministered to the 
wants of the hundreds of thousands of soldiers passing through, the Cit5^ 
of Richmond, during the War.] 

First Lieutenant JOHN H. PECHHEIMBR, Class 1916. From New York. 
Intelligence Officer, 165th (old 69th) Infantry, 42nd Division, A. E. P. 
"It takes some of the glory off War to see the names of a lot of- chaps 
who, just a few years ago, you were very close to, now gone. However, it'r, 
coming to us all some time. And they died in a way that leaves naught 
behind but greatest respect and honour for their memory. We who come 
back will very soon have Time obliterate our glory; and as we commit 
various follies during our lives, it will be still more forgotten; so, it will 
depend on our course in life what's thought of us; but it will be nothing 
compared with the memory of our boys who died on the field of battle. To 
me there is no better death." Thus wrote this brave and loyal son of the 
V. M. I. (when asked to overlook the Casualty List), whose own record 
"on the field of battle" is so fine. 

Here are the facts of his service: 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, first Plattsburg Officers' 
Training Camp, August 15, 1917, and assigned to Company "G" (Machine- 
Gun Company), 165th (old 69th) Infantry, 42nd Division. He sailed for 
France in October, 1917. He was made Intelligence Officer, and in this 
capacity he served, among others, in the action near Chalons where he was 
cited for bravery. He was in all the engagements of his Division, but es- 
caped unhurt, until in the St. Mihiel Drive, September 13, 1918, he was 
slightly wounded. On October 3, 1918, he was promoted First Lieutenant. 
He returned home with his Division and was honourably discharged. 
He then resumed his pre-war occupation of Curb Broker in New York. 
Residence, 176 West 87th Street. 



292 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

[This letter, begun before his first engagement, and finished when it 
was over, but shows the spirit of all our dauntless boys: J 

"France, July 18, 1918. 
"Dear Father: ji - 

"Well, my expectations for the glorious Fourth didn't materialize. 
As a matter of fact, we were hiking on that day, an occupation in which 
there is not the slightest bit of excitement attached. However, to-day, the 
French Fourth of July, there are all sorts of excitements to look forward to. 
I am writing this in a dug-out * * *. 

"Every night, since our arrival here, we have been told to expect 
great excitement, and, so far, it hasn't come. We usually retire at 3 A. M., 
always fully dressed, and get up about 10 A. M. It is quite hard to distin- 
guish whether we are eating breakfast or supper. 

"I wish you could hear the racket going on outside. It is all going the 
other way, however, so it's not at all disquieting, though I must say that a 
bedroom right along side of the L would seem to bear the hush of a desert's 
vastness compared to the noise I am lulled to sleep by, during these days. 
First the report, and then the shells whistling (the only music of its kind 
in the world). In addition to this wonderful orchestration, we have a 
most marvelous display of fire-works every night. (Don't tell little Charley 
this, or, the first thing you know, he will enlist.) 

"Yesterday evening we dined a couple of French officers, and celebrated 
their Fourth of July. I had quite a nice time. * * *^ 

"Just now h: broke loose. The Boche have opened upon us. If 

everything goes well you will get this letter. If not, why — it's too bad, 
that's, all. I'm going to send it anyway because I have the novelty of writ- 
ing under fire, with my gas mask on and gas fum.es all around us. We 
expect this to last about two more hours, and then the Boches, and I wish 
they'd hurry up. 

"I have got to go out on the job now. S'long, pop. My first real, sure- 
enough shelling; and, outside of this uncomfortable gas mask, it doesn't 
seem to phase me a bit, thank God! 
"Love to the kid and you all. 

Your loving son. 



"P. S. — Just time for a line. It's over, pop, and we've knocked h • 

out of 'em. They didn't budge us. The boys fought like wild cats and the 
French can't praise them enough. Very soon I may be able to send you 
home something that will make you quite proud. We are now back for 
just a wee little rest and expect to shoot up to another front very soon. 
Gosh, how we've got 'em on the run! We are now going up to take part 
in the chasing of the low-lived bums. 
"Loads of love." 
First Lieutenant CLARKE 0. KIMBERLY, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
12th F. A., Second Division, A. E. F. 
He was appointed Second Lieutenant, F. A., August 15, 1917, and as- 
signed to the 12th F. A., Second Division. As a member of this unit, he 
went overseas, January 4, 1918. 

He was in five (5) battles, or series of battles: (1) Aisne-Marne De- 
fensive (Chateau Thierry), May 27-July 17, 1918; (2) Aisne-Marne Offensive 
(Soissons), July 18-August 1; (3) St. Mihiel Offensive, September 11-16; 
(4) Champagne Offensive (Mt. Blanc), October 1-30; (5) Meuse-Argonne Of- 
fensive, November 1-11. 

He was with the Army of Occupation from December 11, 1918 to July 
10 1919. He was in the A. E. F. a little over eighteen months. He was 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 293 

gassed on July 21, 1918, near the town of Vierzy, and sent to Hospital for 
three weeks. He was awarded the Croix de Guerre, and given two other 
citations for gallantry in action. 

Lieutenant Kimberly was not far from his old V. M. I. contemporary, 
Lieutenant John Murray McClellan, U. S. M. C, when he was literally torn 
to pieces by a shell, near Vierzy, France, 

First Lieutenant CHARLES S. CARTER, Class 1908. From Virginia. 
316th Infantry, 79th Division, A. E. F. 
On the day War was declared he applied for service in the Infantry. 
On May 11, 1917, he gave up his position with the Westinghouse Electric 
and Manufacturing Company, at Pittsburgh, and entered the Officers' Train- 
ing Camp at Fort Niagara. At the end of three months he was commis- 
sioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry. He reported to Camp Meade, Mary- 
land, and was assigned to the 316th Infantry, 79th Division with which unit 
he served until his discharge from the Army. From September 22 until 
October 22, h,e was kept busy with the usual training routine. On October 
22, he went to Fort Sill, Oklahoma, to take a month's course in the School 
of Musketry and Small Arms there. On December 3, 1917, he returned to 
Camp Meade and was on duty with his Company until January 1, 1918. 
He was then made Assistant Instructor of the Sniping School of the Divi- 
sion School of Arms, which, position he filled until the School was discon- 
tinued in May, 1918. Then, for a month, he was Range Officer for the 
Division of Sniping and Observation Range. On April 16, 1918, he was pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant. In the early part of June he returned to his 
Company, and from, that time his work was to help get the Company ready 
for overseas service. On July 7, 1918, his Company left for France, arriving 
at Brest, July 18. On July 24, the Company reached its training area in the 
Department of Haute Marne. The Company was billeted in the small town 
of Dardenoy. Regimental headquarters were at Choilley and Division head- 
quarters at Prothay. He trained in this area from July 24 until September 
7, 1918, when he started with his unit to the front. 

On September 12 he came under shell fire and remained thus con- 
tinuously until November 11, 1918. 

He went into the Argonne Drive, South of Montfaucon, on September 
26 and staid in the Drive until the evening of the 30, when his Division wag 
relieved by the 3rd Division. Then, he went Southeast to the Tryon Sector 
where his Division took over part of the new line that had been made by 
the St. Mihiel Drive. While here his Colonel received orders to send sis 
officers back to one of the Corps Schools; and, since Lieutenant Carter had 
not been to school in France, he was the officer selected from his battalion 
to attend this school. When chosen for this duty, he was the only officer left 
with his Company, as they had suffered severely from the German shell 
fire every day. His Captain and one of his brother Lieutenants had made 
the supreme sacrifice, and the other Lieutenant was still in Hospital as the 
result of their first Drive. An officer was detailed from another company to 
relieve First Lieutenant Carter, on October 10, and he was killed a few 
days later. 



294 Virginia Military Instituie — "World War Record 

He reached the School October 15 and was tliere until after w, 
Armistice had been signed. On October 28 his regiment was ordered to the 
Grand Montagne Section, North ot Verdun and re-entered the Argonne Meuse 
Offensive, and remained there until the end Cam.e. 

The losses of Lieutenant Carter's regiment, both here and during l.i ^ 
first part of the Drive, were very heavy. Doubtless, his life was spared 
by his transfer to the Corps School, though, at the time, it was a grievous 
disappointment to him to be taken from his command in the midst of itj 
victorious fighting. 

On December 12 he was ordered back to his regiment, quartered in an 
old German Camp, about twenty miles North of Verdun. Until March 28, 
1919, it was quartered in areas that had been under shell fire-, at some time 
or other, and then the regiment started towards the coast. On January 
20, 1919, First Lieutenant Carter was made Assistant Adjutant of the Resi- 
ment, and he held this position until he left the Service. The Regime-.it 
sailed from St. Nazaii'e on May 16, 1919, reached Philadelphia on May 29, 
and was demobilized at Camp Dix, N. J., June 9. 

Lieutenant Carter returned to his pre-war duties upon his discharge 
from the Service. 

It is doubtful if any officer of his grade served with greater efficiency 
and greater bravery in the World War than did tnis gallant son of the 
V. M. I. 

First Lieutenant H. G. GARLAND, Class 1902. From Virginia. 
61st Infantry, 5th Division, A. E. F. 

Entered Fort Myer Training Camp, August 25, 1917. Commissioned First 
Lieutenant, November 27, 1917, and assigned to 3i4th Infantry, 79th Divi- 
sion, Camp Meade, Md., December 1, 1917. Transferred to 55th Pioneer 
Infantry, Camp Wadsworth, S. C, February 1, 1918. 

Sailed with this organization for France, September, 1918. Transferred 
to 61st Infantry, 5th Division, in France, October, 1918, and served with, it 
until July, 1919. 

Discharged, August 2, 1919. 

*The glorious Fifth (the Division that contained so many heroic V. M. I. 
men)! How it fought and won those last days, particularly from the 14 to 
the 20 of October, in the successive assaults on Rappes Wood, in the Meuse- 
Argonne! 

Relieved by the 90th Division on the 21, for a brief rest in the Corps 
Reserve, it returned to the fray on November 1. It had become masters 
of Brieulles and Aincreville, and on the 3 it entered Clery-le-Petit, a mile 
down the river from Brieulles, and cleaned up the "Punch Bowl." On ths 
4 it began to cross the Meuse, amid a hurricane of machine-gun and rifie 
fire. At four in the afternoon, it started to lay a pontoon/ bridge across tire 
river at Clery-le-Petit, where it wasi one hundred and ten feet wide and 
ten feet deep. The pontoons were blown up almost as fast as they were 
put in the water; but, finally, the bridge was completed, and two battalions 



♦Reference to "Our Greatest Battle" by Lt. Col. Frederick Palmer, of 
Staff of Commander-in-Chief. A. E. F. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 295 

made a rush to cross. At 6:20 another party of the Fifth succeeded in cross- 
ing the canal and the river at Brieulles; and lower down another battalion 
effected a crossing by rafts and ropes and by swimming. Before morning, 
the left brigade on the North crossed a battalion on pontoons. Th,e Fifth 
had taken to heart the Corps order — "The crossing will be effected regard- 
less of loss." Never should it be said that it had held up the Army! 
At eight, two brigades had detacliments across the river. "Take Dun-Sur- 
Meuse and the Hill North of 292, and from there go to the East," was the 
order of the Division Commander to one brigade of the Fifth. "Do not 
wait for the other brigade. Keep pushing up with that one battalion, and 
take that place." "Keep shoving your battalions through," he told the other 
brigade. "Don't stop, but go through Dun. Take the shelling, and take the 
machine-gun fire, and push things along. You are to go to Dun, unless the 
other fellow gets there first." And so the Fifth took Dun and tbie heights 
that day! 

First Lieutenant LEROY C. WILSON, Class 1912. From Maryland. 

Front Line Instructor of American Divisions, A. E. F. 
He entered the Officers' Training Camp at Fort Myer in August, 1917, 
where he was offered the choice between a provisional Second Lieutenancy 
in the Regular Army and a First Lieutenancy in the Reserve Corps. He 
accepted the former, but, through some misunderstanding or mistake, never 
received the Regular Army commission until June, 1920. He reached 
France, December 24, 1917, and attended the British Lewis^Gun School, the 
British Bayonet and Physical School, the American Automatic Weapon 
School, and the 37 M. M. School. He also received front line training with 
the Canadians and the Australians. He was then used as front line In- 
structor with the American Divisions training with the British. 

He contracted rheumatism in September, 1918, and was returned to 
the States, after three months in the Hospital overseas. 

He fought at Lens, v/ith the Canadians, January-February, 1918. He 
fought at Amiens and Villers Brettenaux, with the Australians, June- July, 
1918 (at the latter fight, July 31, 1918, killing h,is first Boche). and at 
Albert, with the British, in AxTgust, 1918. 

He was honourably discharged from the Service, at Camp Meade, 
March 21, 1919. Later, he was re-appointed, and in June, 1920, received his' 
First Lieutenant's Commission. 

First Lieutenant RICHARD B. HAGER, Class 1909. From Kentucky. 
115th Field Artillery, 30th Division. Later, 89th, 37th, 32nd, 
79th and 33rd Divisions, A. E. F. 
Volunteered for military se^rvice, October 15, 1917. Enlisted, llBth Field 
Artillery, 30th Division, as a private, and assigned^ to Battery "F," at Camp 
Sevier, Greenville, S. C. Made Sergeant, October 27, 1917. Commissioned 
Second Lieutenant, November fiO, 1917. Promoted to First Lieutenant, 
March 1, 1918. Assigned to Battery "F," May 2, 1918; ordered to Camp 
Mills, N. Y. 

Sailed in H. M. S. Mauretania, June 4, 1918; arrived, Liverpool, Eng- 
land, seven days later. Trained at Camp Coetquidan, Brittany. Assigned 
to Battery "C." Went into action, August 28, 1918, near Bemecourt in Toul 



296 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Sector with S9th Division. In St. Miliiel Offensive, September 12-15, witn 
same Division. In Argonne-Meuse Offensive, September 26-October 9, with 
37th Division, and, later, with 32nd Division, near Avacourt, Montfaucon, 
October 10-November 11, with 79th Division, on Heights of Meuse, near 
Vignneles. 

With 33rd Division in Army of Occupation. Marched to Luxemburg. 
Left Luxemburg, January 8, 1919. Marched to Toul, arriving January 18, 
1919. At Le Mans. 

Embarked, St. Nazaire, March 14, 1919. 

Arrived, Charleston, S. C, March 27. 

Paraded in Columbia, S. C, and Knoxville, Nashville, Memphis and 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Mustered out, Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, May 1, 1919. 

Present occupation. Manager, The B. F. Goodrich Rubber Company, 
Nashville, Tenn. 

First Lieutenant EDWARD G. MAXWELL, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
Signal Officer, Headquarters Company, 317th Infantry, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

Appointed Second Lieutenant, Infantry, August 15, 1917; promoted in 
France to First Lieutenant and Signal Officer, Headquarters Company, 317tb 
Infantry. , 

As a boy he developed a fondness for wireless telegraphy, and came to 
be proficient. It was because of his knowledge of and proficiency in this 
science that he was selected to be Signal Officer of his regiment. His duty 
was to erect and mtaintain the telephone and signal service connecting head- 
quarters with the battle line, and his post was manifestly one of constant 
danger. He was under heavy fire in the Argonne, and in other engage- 
ments, and lost five of h,is platoon, but escaped injury himself, during his 
entire service abroad. He was highly commended for initiative and courage 
under fire by his Colonel (Kellar) who was one of the ablest regimental 
commanders in the A. E. F., as his regiment is said to have been one of the 
best. [This regiment, composed of strapping men from the Mountain Region 
of Southwest Virginia and Pennsylvania, paraded in Norfolk before its 
demobilization and called forth the greatest admiration.] 

Upon his discharge, Maxwell entered the service of the United States 
Shipping Board, and sailed shortly for Marseilles, France, aboard the steamer 
•'Liberty Glo," as Wirelessing Officer. 

First Lieutenant JAMES M. ANGLE, Class 1906. From Pennsylvania. 
Commanding Company "A," 545th Engineers, and also Battalion 

Personnel Adjutant, A. B. F. 
Commissioned First Lieutenant in Engineers' Section, Officers' Reserve 
Corps, August 16, 1917. Assigned to active duty with the U. S. Geological 
Survey, October 1, 1917, and reported at Ridgeland, South Carolina, on Octo- 
ber 12, 1917. Relieved from duty with the U. S. G. S. and assigned to duty 
at Camp A. A. Humphreys, Virginia, with the 45th Engineers, April 16, 1918. 
Relieved from duty with the 45tVi Engineers and assigned to the Standard 
Railway Operating School, .July 4, 1918. Relieved from that assignment and 
assigned to the 6th Engineers' Training P'^giirent, August 15, 1918. Re- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 297 

lieved from, that assignment and assigned to the 545th Engineers, August 
19, as Commander of "A" Company and as Battalion Personnel Adjutant, 
in addition to his other duties. 

Sailed from Camp Merritt, N. J., September 23, 1918, and landed at St. 
Nazaire, France, October 6, 1918. Contracted influenza during the voyage 
and was sent to Base Hospital No. 8, Savanay, France, on debarkation 
While there a condition developed which necessitated an operation for 
which he was returned to the States, landing at Hampton, Virginia, Novem- 
ber 17, 1918. Operation successfully performed at United States General 
Hospital No. 2, Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Md., November 26, 1918. 

Honourably discharged from the Service at Camp A. A. Humphreys, Vir- 
ginia, March 25, 1919. 

Present occupation. Engineer with Morris Knowles, Inc., Consulting 
Engineers, Pittsburgh, Pa. Residence, 5728 Baum Boulevard, same city. 

First Lieutenant JOHN C. PARKER, .JR., Class 1914. From Virginia. 
Air Service, A. E. F. 

Enlisted, July 17, 1917, as Private, First Class, Aviation Section, Signal 
Enlisted Reserve Corps. Assigned to active duty, U. S. School of Military 
Aeronautics, Princeton, N. J., August 20, 1917. 

Ordered overseas for flying training, October 27, 1917. Began flying 
training at Second Aviation Instruction Centre, A. E. F., Tours, France, 
May 1, 1918. Promoted First Lieutenant. Transferred to Third Aviation 
Instruction Centre, A. E. F., Issoudun, France, October 1, 1918. Assigned to 
duty as Flying Instructor, Field Nine, Third Aviation Instruction Centre, 
November 11, 1918. 

Ordered for embarkation to United States, January 23, 1919. 

Discharged, February 8, 1919, at Air Service Depot, Garden City, Long 
Island. 

He was in overseas Service from October 27, 1917 to February 6, 1919. 

He served as Assistant Adjutant, Second Aviation Centre, A. E. F., 
August 1 to October, 1918. 

"Was Cadet Instructor of Military Topography at the Training School 
for Flying Cadets, at Air Service Concentration Barrack No. 3, St. Maixent, 
March 1 to April 15, 1918. 

Was in Hospital, and on inactive list, June 18 to August 1, 1918, as 
result of Aeroplane accident at Pont Levoy, France. 

A younger brother who was graduated in Class of 1918, and was Valedic- 
torian, served also in the World War — in the Aviation Section of the U. S. 
Marine Corps. 

First Lieutenant LLOYD N. NASH, Class 1912. From Texas. 
Air Service, A. E. F. 
He completed tli,e course at the School of Military Aeronautics at Austin, 
Texas, in September, 1917, and sailed for overseas Service, October 13, 1917, 
as Aviation Cadet. 

He had flying training, first at Foggia, Italy. He was then with the 
British at Vendome, France; then with the American Air Service at Issoudun, 



298 Virginia Mil*itaby Institute — WoKi d Wak Iikcoud 

Prance, and again with the Italians in Italy. Finally, he was promoted and 
made Instructor at Issoudun, where he served most efficiently until the end. 

After his return home and discharge from the Service, he entered the 
Oil Business, at Eastland, Texas (Box 237). 

His home address (permanent) is 401 Percidast, San Antonio, Texas. 

Only a few Second Lieutenants of the hundreds in the Army are h,ere 
specially mentioned, for want of details: 

Second Lieutenant DE LANCY A. DeGRAFF, Class 1916. From New York. 
Battery "E," 16th Field Artillery, A. E. F. 

He enlisted as a private in 1917. He arrived in France in March, 1918. 
He was in action at Chateau Thierry (Defensive), Aisne-Mame (Offensive), 
and in the Vesle Sector. He was sent to Saumur Artillery School to take 
the course in Field Artilery. 

He received his commission after the Armistice; but then he had already 
won undying honour, in the ranks. 

Permanent address, Kingston, N. Y. 

Second Lieutenant ARNOLD H. RICH. Class 1916. From Virginia. 
313th Machine-Gun Battalion, 80th Division, A. E. F. 

He was with the 1st Virginia Infantry (National Guard) on the Mexican 
Border, 191G-1917. Commissioned 2nd Lieutenant, Infantry, at Fort Myer, 
November 26, 1917. Assigned to 313th Machine-Gun Battalion, 80th Divi- 
sion, at Camp Lee, Virginia. 

Married, May 18, 1918, and sailed with his Division for overseas Service, 
six days later. He was with his Division in all the actions in which it 
participated. As a reward for his fine conduct he was transferred to Paris 
in March, 1919, to take a special course in Frenph. and Electrical Engineering 
at Sorbonne University, under the supervision of the Government. 

Second Lieutenant THOMPSON HART GETZEN, Class 1914. From Florida. 
13th Field Artillery, 4th. Division, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Infantry, August 15, 1917. Trans- 
ferred to 13th Field Artillery, 4th Division, and served with that Division 
at Camp Greene. U. S. A., and in France throughout the War. He behaved 
with gallantry in all its engagements— on the Vesle, at St. Mihiel and in 
the Argonne. 

After the Armistice, he served with the Division in Germany — Army of 
Occupation, remaining there until the latter part of July, 1919. He is at 
present completing his Law Course at the University of Florida. Home, 
Webster, Florida. 

His younger brother, William L. Getzen, of Class 1916, was also in the 
Service and was sailing for France a short time before the Armistice. 

Second Lieutenant T. CHILTON SMITH. Class 1915. From Alabama. 
Battery "D," 57th Coast Artillery, A. E. F. 
He was a private, casual. 87th Division, November 20, 1917 to January 
3. 1918. Private, 2nd Battery, 3rd Officers' Training Camp, Leon Springs, 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 299 

January 5 to April 5, 191S. Sergeant, casual, April 6 to May 17, 1918. Ser- 
geant, Saumur Artillery School, A. E. F., May 18 to July 12, 1918. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant; served, Saumur Artillery School, July 
12 to August 12, 1918. Heavy Artillery School at Angers, France, August 
1 to September 16, 1918. Tractor Artillery, Replacement Battalion, Septem- 
ber 16 to October 22, 1918. Battery "D," 57th Coast Artillery Corps, Octo 
ber 23, 1918 to January 22, 1919. 

In Argonne-Meuse Campaign with 57th Artillery. 

Mustered out on return home. 

Second Lieutenant JOSEPH H. GARNETT, JR., Class .1910. From Texas. 

Air Service, U. S. A. 

Volunteered, though married, and occupying the position of Claim Ad- 
juster of the Gulf, Colorado and Sante Fe Railway. Entered Officers' Train- 
ing Camp, May 8. 1917. Transferred to Aviation Service, July, 1917. Com- 
missioned Second Lieutenant (Flyer), March 28, 1918. Served as Instructor 
in trick flying (Acrobatics) at Ellington Field, Houston, Texas. On July 
31, 1918, he fell nearly six hundred feet in his Plane, and sustained serious 
injuries, his right arm having been badly shattered. 

In Walter Reed General Hospital, Washington, D. C, as late as December, 
1920. 

Second Lieutenant JOHN McANERNEY, II, Class 1917. From New York City. 
Company "B," 107th Infantry, A. E. F. 

During the entire period of the War he was attached to this regiment. 
In June, 1918, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant. 

On September 29, 1918, while in action on the Picardy front, near the 
town of Le Catalet, France, he was wounded twice, the same morning, one 
of the wounds by a machine-gun bullet causing him to lose his left eye, and 
th.9 other, from a shell splinter, piercing his neck. This last wound caused 
great suffering for a while, but finally healed. 

This grandson and namesake of a gallant Confederate officer from 
Alabama, nobly maintained the traditions of his name. 

Second Lieutenant JOHN D. CRITTENDEN, Class 1909. From Missouri. 

Company "C," 165th (old 69th) Infantry, 42nd Division, A. E. F. 

Enlisted as a private in 165th Infantry, October 9, 1917, from New York 
City. Served in the A. E. F. as private, corporal and sergeant. 

He was one of two of his Company selected to attend the Army Can- 
didates' School in France. Commissioned Second Lieutenant, June, 1918. 

He was in the following actions: Luneville, Baccarat, Chateau Thierry, 
Champagne. Discharged, February 12, 1919. 

Prom sheer merit he rose from the ranks to a lieutenancy. All honour 
to him! 

Civilian occupation. Dealer in Stocks and Bonds. 

Address, Security Trust & Savings Bank, Los Angeles, Cal. 



300 Virginia Militaey Institute — Woeld War Eecoed 

Second Lieutenant STEPHEN YATES McGIFPERT. Class 1917. 
From Minnesota. 
Company "H,"' 319th Infantry, 80th Division, A. E. F. 
Captain, Corps of Cadets, in liis graduating year, and assigned as 
Senior Cadet Officer in charge of the first "Rookie" Training Camp at the 
V. M. I., April-June, 1917. Upon graduation, he wished to volunteer for 
service abroad, but lacked a few months of the required age for a commis- 
sion. He was at once appointed an Assistant Professor and Tactical Officer 
at the V. M. I. where he served until he attained his majority, in January, 
1918. He then entered the Officers' Training School at Camp Lee, and was 
graduated in April. Served as Sergeant, Company "G," 319th Infantry, at 
Camp Lee, April -to June. Commissioned Second Lieutenant in June, 1918, 
and immediately sailed for France with his Division. « 

On October 4, 1918, he was severely wounded in action at the Bois-des- 
Ogons, near Nantillois, France. After spending some months in Hospital 
overseas, he was invalided h.ome and remained in Hospital until June, 1919, 
when he returned to duty, as Adjutant, First Battalion, 17th Infantry, in 
which command he served until he left the Service, in August, 1910^ 

His Company (commanded by Captain R. P. Keezell, Class 1914, V. M. 1.) 
was in all the engagements of the SOth Division, losing twenty-seven killed 
and twenty-eight wounded. 

[This Chronicler can not forbear paying tribute to the noble mother of 
this splendid young officer. Lineal descendant of one of the greatest Gover- 
nors of New York, patriotism with her was a religion, and as soon as War 
came, she dedicated all her wonderful energies and abilities to the cause 
so dear to her heart. From the beginning to the end, she was foremost in 
every women's movement in her adopted State to further the success of 
American Arms. Freely, she gave her first-born to her Country, regretting 
that she had but this one son to give. And when the dreadful news was 
flashed that her gallant son was wounded nigh unto death, she did not lose 
faith and hope and courage, but trusted in God and re-doubled her efforts 
for the success of the cause. 

Hoping, praying, yet ever working, she passed through the terrible ordtal 
of suffering, and was rewarded by the safe return of her mangled boy, and 
his ultimate recovery, and the fulfillment of all her hopes, and the answer 
to all her prayers.] 

Second Lieutenant GEORGE A. DERBYSHIRE, Class 1899, "Honour 

Graduate" and "First Captain," Corps of Cadets. From Virginia. 

U. S. Army, Retired. Returned to Service, World War. 

Assigned to active duty, April 19, 1917, and ordered to Fort Thomas. 

Kentucky, on general recruiting service. This order revoked, April 23, 1917, 

and a new order published assigning him to duty as Assistant Professor of 

Military Science and Tactics and Acting Quartermaster, Virginia Military 

Institute. 

July 1, 1917, appointed Commandant of Cadets, Virginia Military In- 
stitute. September 12, 1917, detailed as Professor, Military Science and 
Tactics, Virginia Military Institute. Instructor, Reserve Officers' Training 



Some oe the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 301 

Corps Camp, Plattsburg, New York, June- July, 1918. Examining Officer, Can- 
didates for admission to Central Officers' Training Schools, August to No- 
vember, 1918. Relieved from active duty, and of the detail of Commandant 
of Cadets and Professor of Military Science and Tactics, Virginia Military In- 
stitute, February 14, 1919. 

[It was many years before the World War that this officer was retired 
for disability incurred in the Service. It was a misfortune for the Service, 
for had he been permitted to continue in the profession of his choice and 
his love, it is believed there is no height to which he might not have climbed 
by sheer merit. But handicapped, though he was by deafness, it can be said 
in all truth that few officers of any grade rendered more valuable service 
than he gladly gave during the War. In every position in which he was 
placed, he served with consummate efficiency, but as the Commandant of 
Cadets, and, later, as Executive Officer, of the V. M. I., his services were 
specially valuable in fitting the Cadets under him for the duties that were 
soon to be devolved upon them as soldiers of their Country. 

A born soldier, he loves the profession of Arms, and he possesses the 
rare gift of knowing how to inspire in those under him a like love. 

Endowed by nature with mental and moral qualities of a high order, 
and with, unusual physical excellencies; with a keen sense of justice, and, 
yet, with a heart full of the milk of human kindness. Lieutenant Derbyshire 
is the beau ideal of an officer. That h.e may continue his loving and faithful 
service to his Alma Mater, his State and his Country, is the hope of all 
V. M. I. Men who know him.] 

Second Lieutenant FRANK CUTCHINS, Class 1914. From Virginia. 

309th Engineers, A. E. F. Died in the Service in France. 
Lieutenant Cutchins served in the Virginia National Guard (Richmond 
Light infantry Blues), and was with that organization (as Cavalry) on the 
Mexican Border, and went with it to Anniston, Alabama. 

In February, 1918, he received a commission as Second Lieutenant of 
Engineers, and was assigned to the 309th Engineers, U. S. A., and went 
With his command to France, in August, 1918. This branch of the Army 
commanded the admiration of the world by its superb gallantry in every 
battle. 

The subject of this brief notice is known to have performed his duty 
like the good and well-trained soldier he was until he was called to make 
the supreme sacrifice, on December 26, 1918, dying at his post of duty of 
pneumonia. 

An older brother, the gallant Lieutenant Colonel John A. Cutchins, 
General Staff, A. E. F.. served from the beginning to the end of the War, 
and a younger (V. M. I.) brother was preparing to enter the Service when 
the Armistice came. 

Second Lieutenant GEORGE E. PICKETT, III., Class 191G. From Virginia. 
Quartermaster Corps, A. B. F. 
This son and grandson of gallant soldiers gloriously upl^eld his honoured 
name. 



302 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

His father, a beloved old V. M. I. "boy," gave his life to his Country 
in service in the Philippines, as Major, U. S. A. And all the World knows 
of the undying fame won by his grandfather at Gettysburg. 

Handicapped by that strange malady, "colour blindness," it was only 
by the most persistent efforts of himself and his friends that he was admitted 
to the Military Service at all. Of course, his preference was for the Line 
(for he is a natural-born fighter), but he was thankful to receive a com- 
mission in the once-despised, but now honoured, Quartermaster Corps. 

This admirable young officer did not disappoint his friends when he 
went overseas. He was ready and anxious to get into every clash with the 
Boche, but his duties would not permit that. However, he saw much hard 
service; and at the last, on the very eve of returning home, he received an 
injury in the line of duty that almost proved fatal and that will maim him 
for life. It came about in this manner: just the day before he was ordered 
to Le Mans to embark for the United States, he was driving a truck, in an 
emergency. It was a defective truck, and be had requested its repair. The 
brake refused to work and the car became unmanageable and ran into a tree. 
It crashed to pieces, broke the leg of an interpreter riding in it and smashed 
Pickett's knee to powder. It was a wonder he was not killed. TTie Surgeons 
were going to remove his leg, but he made such a howl they refrained; but 
his knee is gone, and his right leg will be stiff for life, and several inches 
shorter than th,e other. 

He was in the Base Hospital at Camp Merritt until September, 1919, and 
then was brought to the Walter Reed Hospital in Washington. The first 
operation in France was a complete failure. He was moved very soon to the 
train and thence to the ship, off and on, and so it was little wonder that 
he spent three months in bed with no benefit at all. The last operation (in 
the late fall of 1919) seemed to be successful, for the bones began then to 
knit. But long, weary months more he was confined to his bed. It was 
hard lines on him, but harder on his heroic mother who so patriotically gave 
her two sons to her Country. Both were commissioned officers and covered 
themselves with glory, the younger serving in the line and returning un- 
scathed. 

Poor Pickett, the true and ever loyal "Old Cadet"! Our hearts go out 
in tenderest sympathy to him and to his noble mother. 

All honour to the noble Enlisted Personnel who bore the brunt of the 
fighting in this awful War, as always! V. M. I.'s quota was small, but every 
member added glory to her name. It is regretted, however, that the full 
records of most of these Alumni have not yet been received. 

Sergeant JOSEPH RATHBORNE CUSHMAN, Class 1915. Prom New York. 

Company "K," 107th Infantry, A. E. P. 

Killed in action. 

When War came he had been three years a member of the 7th Infantry, 

New York National Guard, Company "K." He went with his regiment to 

the Border in 191G, and was stationed at McAUen, Texas. In early June. 

1917, he was on furlough, attending the Officers' Training Camp at Platt&- 

burg, N. Y. For some reason he failed to receive a commission, and he re- 



Some of the Specially Distixguisijed Alumni (Cont'd) 303 

enlisted as a non commissioned officer in Company "K," lOTtli, Infantry. He 
was stationed at Camp Wadsworth, S. C, as late as February, 1918. He went 
to France later, and was killed in action near Coulet, September 29, 1918. 

He was tbe eleventh generation from Robert Cushman who chartered 
the Mayfloiver, whose son, Thomas Cushman, married Mary Alberton, who 
died at the age of ninety-two, the last survivor of th>e Mayflower. 

His father was Joseph Wood Cushman, Manager of the Cus man Estate, 
and member of the Arm of Cushman and Denison Manufacturing Company, 
240 W. 23rd Street, New York. 

(Residence, 59 W. 51st Street.) 

His mother was Fanny Rathborne, born in New York City, daughter ot 
Captain Richard Rathborne, of the English Lancers. 

I Tt is a grief to th.9 Historiographer that he has so far been unable 
to hear from the family of this young martyr. 1 

Sergeant ANDREW S. PATTERSON, Class 1917. From Virginia. 
Go7th Aero Squadron, Air Service, A. E. F. 

He enlisted in the Aviation Service, October 23, 1917. 

Graduated, Princeton University, School of Aeronautics, as Private 1st 
Class, February 9, 1918. Promoted Corporal, 667th Aero Squadron. Sailed 
for France. Promoted Sergeant. He passed the examination for 2nd Lieu- 
tenant a few days before the Armistice was signed. 

It was a great disappointment to him not to get his commission v/hich 
he so well deserved and which he was so near securing. 

It was learned that he had been cited for bravery. His mother wrote 
him to know about it. His reply was: "It was nothing; I only captured a 
suspicious character and took him to the Guard House. The Citation was 
only from a Major for doing the right thing at the right time." But, all 
the same, he was commended for bravery in the line of duty. 

He was still in France in June, 1919. but has now returned home, and 
^een discharged, with a most honourable record in his Country's foreign 
service, during the World War. 

Home, Brownsburg, Virginia. 

Sergeant Flyer R. R. BROOKS, Class 1914. From Montana. 

Air Service, U. S. A., A. E. F. 

Enlisted, May 21, 1917, in Aviation Service, Signal Corps, as a private. 

Sailed for overseas Service, August 22, 1917, on S. S. Baltic which was 

torpedoed outside of Liverpool harbour, but made port. His outfit, the First 

Reserve Aero Squadron, landed in France, September 18, 1917, where he 

served twenty months, being successively corporal, mechanic, sergeant, 

sergeant (first class), sergeant-major and sergeant flyer, with rating R. M. A. 

Discharged at Mitchell Field, Long Island, April 26, 1919. 

Sergeant WALTER STATON GODDARD, Class 1910. From North Carolina 
Company "I," 119th Infantry, 30th Division, A. E. F. 
Killed in action in France. 
His Company Commander wrote his uncle, N. S. Fulford, Esq., of Green- 
ville, N. C, as follows: 



304 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

"I will gladly give you the information you desire, concerning your 
nephew, Sergeant Walter S. Groddard, Co. "I," 119th Infantry, 30th Division, 
A. E. F. 

"Sergeant Goddard was killed in action, September 1, 1918, in the Canal 
Sector at Ypres, Belgium, in the first actual offensive participated in by 
our Division. It was called the battle of Ypres in Regimental Records; it 
was a minor offensive. The town of Voormezeele, several machine-guns and 
other small arms, and fifteen Germans were captured. The engagement l<e- 
gan the morning of August 31 and ended September 1, 1918. 

"He died a painless, as well as heroic, death, his brain being pierced 
by a single machine-gun bullet. 

"I can not say where he is buried; but if you will write the Graves 
Registration Department, Washington, D. C, I am sure it will gladly supply 
the information. 

Yours truly, 

Ernest H. Bell. 
(His Company Commander), 
Edenton, N. C." 

Master Engineer HENRY M. VENABLE, Class 1912. From West Virginia. 
23rd Engineers, A. E. F. 

When War was declared he was engaged in general contracting, open- 
ing and operating coal mines, etc. 

He enlisted as a private, September, 1917, in the 23rd Engineers, as soon 
as a call was made for men to fill its ranks. In November, 1917, he was 
promoted to Sergeant. On June 5, 1918, his unit was ordered overseas. 

After considerable service in France, he stood an examination for promo- 
tion to a lieutenancy; but there seemed to be no time, in the rush of events, 
to give consideration to recommendations for promotion. He was until the 
middle of .June, 1918, stationed North of Toul, in the St. Mihiel region. 
When operations began in earnest, he went with has command to Chateau 
Thierry and helped in the drive until the crossing of the Vesle River was 
effected. In putting in a bridge near there he was struck and knocked down 
by a sharpshooter, but, owing to the good quality of his helmet, he was not 
seriously hurt. His command was then shifted quickly over to the St. 
Mihiel Salient, and he assisted in that well-executed work. He was then 
sent back to the region just South of Grand Pre and the Argonne Forest, 
through which the enemy was finally driven. Moving rapidly North after 
this, the Eleventh of November and the Armistice, found his command in 
front of Sedan, the suburbs of which had been entered by the American 
forces, when hostilities were suddenly ordered to be stopped. He had been 
promoted to Master Engineer, but h.is commission of Lieutenant was nevei 
received. He was set to work to repair bridges and roads in that region, 
and was thus engaged when orders came to return to the United States. 

He reached home in June, 1919 (just as his sister who had been in the 
A. B. F. as an Army Nurse siince June, 1917, arrived). 

This gallant "Old Cadet" experienced a curious turn in the "whirligig 
of Time." When he reached Sedan, France, h,e found himself at the birth- 
place and home of his Huguenot ancestress who had fled from France in 
1685, and settled in America, at old "Manikintown" in Goochland County, 
Virginia. As many as fifty of her lineal descendants were among the Amer- 
icana who went to help s«»ve France from her enemies in the World War. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 305 

Ambulance Driver BRYAN W. SCHWARTZ, Class 1920. From Pennsylvania. 
Ambulance Company No. 13, A. E. F. 

Resigned Cadetship in March, 1917, on account of an attack of inflam- 
matory rheumatism. Enlisted in May, and sailed for France, June 9, 1917. 
Attached to Ambulance Company No. 13. 

"Only a Private," but with a record to be proud of. 

Nothing is known of him since April 18, 1918. On January 1, 1918, he 
suffered from a broken wrist, the accident having been received in the line 
of duty. 

After one month he was back again at his post of danger. He had 
already been highly commended for bravery in the face of an aerial bombard- 
ment, while on detached service with the B. E. F. 

Below, are inserted two letters from this young hero — newsy, spirited, 
bright letters — which show so plainly the fine personality of the writer, and 
his lofty ideals and ambitions, that no excuse will be offered for giving 
them here: 

"Sept. 24, 1917. 
"Brig. Gen. E. W. Nichols, Supt.. 

V. M. I. 
"Dear Sir: 

"Perhaps you have forgotten me, but I have not forgotten, and never 
will forget, you, or dear old V. M. I. It happens that on this bright Monday 
morning my thoughts are unusually keen in thinking of the old School. So 
I thought I would drop you a few lines and ask about the School and my 
friends. 

"I found, as officers in the Marine Corps, Messrs. Goodman, Nash,, Gum- 
ming, Shephard and Robinson, and we have had many good talks of the 
Institute and the 'Rats.' It happened that my Company was situated not 
very far from their own Companies, so I saw them quite often; but now 
things are changed. 

"We are all anxiously looking forward to active service, and then a 
triumph march Home. Even while I write this upon a maneuvre field, I 
hear the boom of the big guns; and, when I look at my watch, I can almost 
hear Dulaney sounding 'Class Call,' as it is five minutes to ten. 

"My one ambition now is to become an Army Officer, and the sooner I 

can return to V. M. I., and graduate, the sooner my ambition will be 

realized. I am coming back when the War is over, if you will let me in. 

"I hear the Institute has quite a large Fourth Class this year. I am 

glad, as it will mean so many more real men for the Country. 

"Has E. Y. Waller, of Bonham, Texas, returned? Let me know, please. 
"Please give my regards to the School as a whole, and especially all 
those who remember me. 

"Pardon my pencil, as ink was not to be had. 

"Anything I, can do for you, or the School, will be done as soon as you 
ask it. 

"I would be greatly pleased to hear from you. I am. 
Yours most sincerely, 

Bryan W. Schwartz," 
"Ambulance Co. No. 13 (of Reading, Pa.), American Forces, France." 

In a letter to his mother, dated April 18, 1918, he describes some of his 
experiences, as follows: 

"Dear Mother: 

"I am on detached service again. Matters are very lively. The other 
morning I was sent over 'No man's Land.' The Huns were after me with 



306 ViRGTNTA MirjTARY INSTITUTE — WOELD War EeCORD 

their n:achine-guns, but I was going so fast that they had to be good shots 
to hit my car. When I was given my new car, the commanding officer let 
me pick my orderly; so I selected my old pal, Tidwell. We get along finely 
together. You should see the different nationalities at this place, Italians, 
Chinese, French, English, Belgians, Japanese, Americans and others. Just 
think of one walking along a street, and hearing all kinds of language 
spoken. It sounds very funny. I was talking to-day with some boys from 
different Colleges in Pennsylvania, and they knew lots of boys from Reading 
who had been in High School with me. It surely was good to talk about 
places and people we know. 

"We hiave been kept busy transporting patients from the regimental in- 
firmaries to the larger Hospitals, as the troops are going back to the trenches 
again. I expect to be relieved from detached service this afternoon, as mv 
car will have to be overhauled and repainted; then, I will be ready to move 
again. I just had a delicious pieces of fruit cake that was given me by 
the Chaplain of our regiment. He is one of the finest men I have ever met. 
When I get back to camp I spend my time at the Y. M. C. A. The Y. is fine 
and they are doing wonderful work. When we are in camp we have it fine; 
good things to eat, sleeping quarters restful, good books to read, victrolas 
with tuneful records. It is a relief to be at camp and out of the hearing 
of the big guns, and not have to wear gas masks and iron helmets. At the 
present moment the boys are playing the victrola. It makes you feel like 
dancing. I have changed since you saw me last. I am more settled. I have 
seen so much that I have become very serious. 

"I want to tell you a little about the last trip. We left our base at 4:30 
P. M. The clouds were heavy, and we had not been out long before it started 
to rain. We had returned from one front. On the second day it was clear 
(and we feel so much better when the sun shines). Things went wrong, and 
we l?ad to run late. At about 11 P. M. my car stopped on a hill and abso- 
lutely refused to go. The town we were to stay in was 10 miles away; every- 
one was hungry (as you only get two meals a day when moving), and we 
were also very sleepy. The rest of our Company went to unload, and said 
they would come back for me. It did not make any difference to me, as \ve 
always sleep in the car when on the move, so I went to sleep. The next 
morning at 8 o'clock a lieutenant awoke me, and asked if I thought I could 
repair the car, so that we might get back. So I got the car going and we 
got back to our town. This town is called 'the deserted village,' due to the 
fact that only three families live here. We stayed here 10 days, then started 
for the front. The Captain asked me how my car was working. I told him 
fine. He said, 'Get your gas masks and helmets and we will start.' An in- 
terpreter rode in front with me, while the officers rode inside of the ambu- 
lance. After about one and a quarter hour's drive we reached the zone 
where we put on our helmets and masks. The shells were bursting righ.t 
and left of us. I eased up my cai to thu point, then opened as wide as 1 
could, and that Ford just jumped like a scared rabbit, and down the road 
we went allying. Several shells had brought down the wires to the ground, 
and some hung so low that I barely missed them. I was running the gaunt- 
let. Just then, a shell hit in the middle of the road, right in front of me. 
I could not stop my car, so I tried to straddle the hole, but my rear wheel 
was hit; then my engine stopped. It did not take long to find the trouble, 
and I went as fast as I could. 1 arrived safe in town, but when I got th.ere 
the Huns were shelling the town, so I placed my car in front of a low brick 
building, and, getting between the car and the building, I felt fairly safe. 
Shells were dropping lively and went past the building; so I was very glad 
when the order came to go back. On our way back, the shells had almost 
stopped coming, and, passing a certain point, we took off our helmets and 
masks, and felt safe again. 

"Oh, what a mistake we made. We had just rounded a bend in the 
road when the big shells started dropping again, just a little way to the 
right of the road, We wpre running for a ditch for shelter, so I slowed down. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 307 

not caring to place our lives in danger. The interpreter asked if I was 
afraid. That got me sore, and I opened up wide, and went down the hill 
as fast as I could go. The shells were dropping so close that I pulled for 
the bank and hugged it, trying to make a turn, and get out of range. The 
last two shells threw mud all over the car, but we got by safely. 

"This is a great life, never lacking excitement. One learns to think 
clearly and quickly. I will tell you more in the next letter. I recently 
worked from 3 o'clock one morning until 4 o'clock the next morning under 
gas fire. I hate gas more than bullets. It is rumored that if one is in 
service in this country from a year to 10 months, he might get a leave of 
absence for a month, provided he has sufficient money saved to take a trip 
to the States. It is only a rumour, but we are hanging on to the rumour. 
I am well, and would be perfectly happy if I could see you. I received the 
money order you sent me. Do not send me any more money. I have suf 
ficient, and I thank you very much for what you have sent and done for me. 
I also received a big box of candy from the Women's Bible Class of Trinity 
Church, for which I am very grateful, and I wish you would express my 
thanks to them, personally. I also received a fine box from Raymond Bard. 
Please convey my thanks to him. It will be one year, on the 12th of May, 
since I left home for* Service. Please do not worry about me, if you sh.ould 
not hear from me for a time, as we can not write often when on duty and 
on the move; but keep on writing to me. 

"With love, and best wishes to you and all of mine, I am, as ever, your 
loving son, 

Bryan." 

His superior officers urged him to stand the examinations for a com- 
mission, but it is not known whether or not he was promoted, or even that 
he returned home alive. 

Private EDMUND L. RAPKIN, Class 1919. From New Jersey. 
Company "L," 107th Infantry, 27th Division, A. E. F. - 

Died in the Service in France. 

He resigned b.is Cadetship as he entered the Third Class to go into 
Military Service. Enlisted in Company "L," 107th Infantry, as a private. 
He went to France with his Division, and was in all the actions on the front 
in August and September, 1918, with the 27th Division, serving with great 
gallantry. 

He was seized with pneumonia and died at the Army Hospital at Blnis, 
France, on October 31, 1918. He was a son of Mr. Clarence Rapkin {born 
in London, England), Treasurer of the Central and South American and 
Mexican Telegraph Companies for over thirty years, and his wife, Marion 
Edith Cole, of Pennsylvania. His home was at Montclair, New Jersey. 

His young life was sacrificed in the cause of God and Humanity, and we 
have no doubt it was a willing sacrifice that he made. Peace to his ashes! 
His memory will be cherished for all time by those who knew and loved him. 

Private HARRY B. WBLBORNE, Class 1906. From New Jersey. 
Company "B," 104th Engineers, 29th Division, A. E. F. 

He went into service with Company "F," 2nd Regiment, National Guard 
of New Jersey, at the time of the trouble with Mexico, and was stationed at 
Anniston, Alabama. When the regiments there were re-organized, he was 
transferred to Company "B," 104th Engineers, and went to France with 
that organization which was a part of the 29th Division. He was in action 



308 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

with his Division on three different fronts. While cutting entanglements in 
the Argonne Forest, he was slightly gassed. 

Upon his discharge, he returned to his home at Murray Hill, N. J. 

Private ALDEN BELL, Class 1880. From Virginia. 
116th Infantry and 104th Engineers, A. E. F. 

At the age of fifty-seven, this Alumnus enlisted in the Service, November 
16, 1917, ancj fough.t as a private in the ranks at Verdun, at St. Mihiel and 
in the Argonne Forest. He was twice gassed, and blinded for four months. 
He contracted rheumatism at Verdun, which greatly disabled him; and, yet, 
he faithfully served his Country to the last, being honourably discharged at 
Camp Meade, Md. He was given fine letters by his Commanders, praising 
him highly for his patriotism, and gallantry in action. But soldiering was 
not new to him, for he had served in the Spanish-American War as a First 
Sergeant. 

All these facts are certified to in his discharge papers, relating to the 
World War. His discharge was dated April 18, 1919. 

While suffering from rheumatism contracted at Verdun, he was sent by 
the Red Cross to London, Paris and Rome (and, later, to points in th,e 
United States), to deliver his lecture entitled — "The Patriotism of the Ameri- 
ican Soldier." This lecture was highly praised by the European and Amer- 
ican Press, the London Times, Paris Matin, and Liverpool papers, and the 
European edition of the New York Herald, calling especial attention to it. 

Comrade Bell has had a notable career. For years, he lived in Texas; 
and, while there, was a State Legislator, Judge and District Attorney. 
After his return to his old home, Culpeper, Virginia, he served four times 
as Mayor of that town, and was four times a member of the General Assembly 
of Virginia from his County. 

He has been all over the World, except to Asia, serving as a Special 
Correspondent of newspapers and magazines. He was in Africa for some 
time in this capacity. 

Withal, this old V. M. I. Alumnus is loyal to his Alma Mater who will 
ever lovingly cherish his memory. 

The Glorious Marines! Here follow some who greatly distinguished 
themselves : 

Major MATTHEW HENRY KINGMAN, Class 1913, 5th Cadet Captain. 

From Iowa. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, August 
20, 1913, without training at an Instruction Camp. 

He arrived in France in June, 1917. He was wounded at Belleau Wood, 
June 6, 191S, by a machine-gun bullet, while Captain, commanding his. Com- 
pany in the 6th Machine-Gun Battalion, attached to the Second Division. 
For gallantry in this action, he was awarded the "Croix de Guerre." He 
was, later, in the battle of Soissons. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 309 

In September, 1918, he was promoted Major, and placed in command 
of the 6th Machine-Gun Battalion. He went with the'Marines to Germany, 
after the Armistice, and remained there until August, 1919, when he was 
ordered back to the United States. ' 

Captain GEORGE GILLIAM MUNCE, Class l914. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant in June, 1917, and, later. First Lieu- 
tenant, and was with his Company in a number of the famous battles of 
the War. 

On June 11, 1918, he wrote his father: 

"I know that these days are anxious ones for you and , and 

so I am dropping you a line at my first stop-off to Berlin. You, of course, 
have seen in the papers about what we are doing every day, and where we 
are doing it. 

"When we arrived, at , the French were not expecting us and 

were much surprised to see us. We came seventy-two miles, in fifty-four 
hours; and, with,out rest, were sent forward. On the road we met any 
number of French who told us to turn around, that the Boches were too 
many for us; but you know that never stopped us. Our first position was 
taken on the side of a densely-wooded hill, with a wheat field about 800 
ttieters wide between it and the next wood ; against one strip of wood was 
a ploughed field about 50 meters wide. We had taken up this position about 
three hours when the Huns came out of the opposite woods in four columns, 
each of them two men wide, columns about 100 meters apart. 

''We waited until they had advanced about 500 meters and then opened 
up, and I never saw such work in my life. We had a low grazing fire and 
just mowed them down like so much of the wheat they were advancing 
through. Not a single man reached our lines, or even the ploughed ground. 
We held the woods we were in during the night, and the next morning, 
with the artillery to help us, advanced two kilometers, taking prisoners, 
machine-guns, and mortars. Our casualties were large, but the men fought 
like man-caters, never gave the Boches a chance. The prisoners said they 
thought we were Australians, or Canadians, and were much surprised when 
we told them who we were. In our new position, we put up small barricades 
and hid ourselves as best we could, but in the afternoon they opened on us 

again with high explosives and shrapnel and gave us h . I went up to 

see the Captain about the new advance we were to make and get my work 
straight. When I returned both of my guns (macbine-guns) had been de- 
stroyed and all my men killed or wounded, and I was out of a job. So that 
night when we went forward I went with bayonet and rifle, and it was 
'some' night — so black that you could hardly see who was beside you; yet. 
we never faltered, only stopping when we reached our objective which, was 
two kilometers more than we had taken. 

"That night, or rather at daylight, 1 receivea orders to report at regi- 
mental headquarters. When I went there I was ordered to report to Major 

M , and he put me in charge of the trains of small arms ammunition 

of our regiment, and ever since I have been hauling ammunition to the boys 
at the front. Night before last, when we took the town they told us to get 
ammunition to the town, as the men were about out. So, forward I went 
with it. Two of the wagons arrived O. K., the other two were blown to 
pieces; and on my way out of town my horse was hit, and I had to kill him, 
rs his leg was broken. Every night, I go forward ^vith food, ammunition 
and pyrotechnics, and I have lost men and animals every night; but they 
can never say I failed to start with them. * * * 

"I ran full tilt into sneezing gas the other night and received an awful 
fright, but it soon wore off, and I am all right now. * * * 



310 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

"Don't worry about me. I am doing all one man can do for his Coun- 
try; and if I get hit, it will be because the Germans want at least one of us 
for ten of them. That is the percentage to-date." 

Later, he was hit. It was in, the battle of St. Etienne, on October 8, 
1918, that he received his wound. But before this, he received from the 
French Commander-in-Chief the "Croix de Guerre" for remarkable courage 
in action with the Sixth Marines. He was, later, made Adjutant of the First 
Replacement Depot at Mehers, France, and received his promotion to a 
Captaincy. 

Upon his return to the United States, he was honourably discharged 
from the Service. 

Captain SAMUEL L. HOWARD, Class 1912. From District of Columbia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Service during the War: 

Junior Officer, Marine Guard, U. S. S. Wyoming. Commanding Marine 
Guard, U. S. S. Georgia. Commanding Marine Guard, U. S. S. New Mexico. 

At sea two years and a half. On duty in U. S. A. at Marine Recruiting 
Stations, after the Armistice. 

Captain ALL.4N CARLISLE PERKINSO'N, Class 1914. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
Passed examination for commission as Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine 
Corps, July 5, 1917, and ordered to Quantico for a three months' course in 
the Student Officers' Training Camp there; but in three weeks he was de- 
clared proficient, and was commissioned, and assigned to the Sixth Regiment 
of Marines, awaiting orders to embark for France. This Regiment, with 
the Fifth Regiment of Marines, were to form the Fourth Brigade, of the 
Second Division, U. S. A. Embarked for France on October 24, 1917, on 
the Von Steuben, which was hit by a U-Boat and arrived at Brest on Novem- 
ber 12 following. The iirst work of this Regiment was the construction of 
American Docks at Rassens, France, near Bordeaux. From this place his 
organization was ordered to the Vosges Mountains for its final training. 

In early March, 1918, the Division went into "line" as two Brigades, 
each brigaded with a French Division. This was in the Toulon Sector, near 
Verdun. Lieutenant Perkinson's Division held this sector until the latter 
part of May, 1918. It was then ordered to the rear for intensive training 
In "Open Warfare," which was to last only one week, for the Boche had 
broken through for thirty-five kilometers and had reached the town of 
Chateau Thierry, and the Marines were called for. [French warfare had now 
become obsolete, as General Pershing, with his clear vision, had known it 
would be very soon, and had given instructions that the men preparing for 
overseas service should be specially instructed in Open Warfare.] It was 
while Lieutenant Perkinson was in this sector that he first met th,e Enemy 
and proved his mettle. He was charged with defending with his platoon a 
village in this sector where, one morning early, he was attacked by a 
Company of Germans. He repelled the attack in magnificent style, inflicting 
.severe losses on the Enemy, with the loss of but one man wounded. It was 
for this splendid performance that his Regimental Commander, in his Report 



Some or the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 311 

to the Commanding General of the Fourth Brigade, of the repulse of this 
raid, commended him so highly, and for this that General Tarrant, the 
French Commander of the Thirty-third Pivision, decorated him with the 
"Croix de Guerre," in the name of France. 

Colonel Catlin endorsed on the Report, dated April 28, 1918 (copy of 
which was sent to Lieutenant Perkinson the next day), these words: 

"In the opinion of the Regimental Commander the conduct of Second 
Lieutenant Allan C. Perkinson, Company 84, in his first encountre with the 
Enemy was marked by special coolness, courageousness and gallantry under 
most difficult conditions. His handling of platoon, his personal bravery and 
his success in repelling the raid of picked troops on the most exposed portion 
of our line, in Sub-Sector Bonchamp, resulted in holding his position, with 
the loss of but one man wounded, while he inflicted severe losses upon 
the Enemy. 

"Corporal * * *. The conduct of Private * * *. It is believed that the 
above officer and men are deserving of special commendation for their 
actions under fire, and that the Fourth Platoon of Company 84 should receive 
some form of recognition for their splendid conduct on the night of 
April ." 

And wrote him: 

"In this connection. Regimental Commander wishes to take the oppor- 
tunity of expressing to you his sincere appreciation of the manner in which 
the defense of 'Villers' was conducted by you and the platoon under your 
command. The fact that the Enemy was repulsed with severe losses, and 
that the small garrison of 'Villers' suffered only a loss of one man wounded, 
is a tribute to the efficiency and discipline of the platoon under your com- 
mand. Only a high state of efficiency and discipline could have resultsci 
in the successful conduct of the defense of this strong point. 

"The Regimental Commander requests that you advise all the members 
of your platoon as to the contents of the endorsement quoted, and of his 
appreciation of the bravery and efficiency with which all members of your 
platoon conducted themselves in their first contact with a highly-trained 
enemy. 

AXBERTUS W. CatO^IX. 

Col., U. S. M. C." 
"Frank E. Evans, 

Maj., U. S. M. C, 
Adjutant." 

Lieutenant Perkinson went into the Chateau Thierry and Bois de Belleau 
Sector in May, 1918, and remained there until his regiment was relieved and 
ordered to the Soissons front, on July 15, 1918. 

He received a slight wound in the wrist in the Belleau Wood, June 6, 
1918, and another (serious) wound in the groin, July 19, in the attack on 
the heights South of Soissons. After leaving the Hospital, he was placed 
in Class B 2 (unfit for fighting, but able to perform light duty), and was 
temporarily attached to the First Depot Division of the Army, where he re- 
mained until his return to the United S'tates. He was given the assignment 
of "Town Major" and put in charge of billetting work (assigning troops to 
quarters, etc.), and his lot was (at last) cast in pleasant places, first at 
Poultenoy and then at St. Aignon and then at Sambin, a famous summer 
resort, where the devoted French residents turned over to the Americans 
their beautiful and palatial homes for billets for their soldiers coming in 
thousands every day to help their cause. It was a haven of delight to the 



312 YiEGiNiA Military Institute — World War Record 

wounded officer, worn almost to a frazzle by suffering, though never once 
had he murmured. Soon after the Belleau Wood battle, Perkinson was ad 
vanced a grade, and a few montbs later was promoted to a Captaincy. 

He was honourably discharged from the Service as Captain, on his re- 
turn hiome, in October, 1919v 

[Extracts from letter dated April 28, 1918. His own account of his 
gallant performance is modestly related in this letter:! 

"We are behind the lines again, having served two hours in the first 
line trenches. We have seen and done some actual fighting. My platoon 
held an advance position for over a week. It was a small village, somewhat 
in advance of our first line. The Germans at a critical hour, early in the 
morning, recently, put down a terrific barrage on my post. At the explosion 
of th,e first shell I knew what was coming. I knew 'All Hell' was turned 
loose. The Germans kept up their barrage for one hour and five minutes. 
They needed not to wait for their barrage to lift, and then attack, because 
they left two posts clear of their barrage and tried to raid one of these two. 
So, soon after they put up their barrage, they came up attacking our men, 
at a post clear of the barrage. Our men did wonderful work. About 12 
Marines (at this post) held .off and drove back what was estimated as one 
Company of Germans. Of course, we called for a barrage from the French 
and American batteries. The French opened up first and then the American 
batteries. So, at one time there were French, American and German bat- 
teries firing at the same time. What do you imagine it sounded like? No 
doubt our barrage played a large part in driving the Germans back. We 
killed some Germans. They came as close as 35 yards of our trench. One 
man of my platoon was wounded. I have been recommended for 'coolness, 
courage and gallantry.' Three of my men have been recommended for 
bravery Two of them volunteered to run this German barrage, as ai! 
communication from me to my Captain and to the Battalion Commander 
was cut. They got through all right. One was about a ten seconds man; 
he left the slow one by the wayside. The slow one became exhausted on 
reaching his objective. The fast man returned. Everything went wrong 
that night. All signals proved defective. Of course, it was the Almighty 
who enabled us to become victorious. I could write a long story about it. 

[Extracts from his letter of May 2:] 

"I have been awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French Divisional 
Commander. I can't wear it until he decorates me with it, though. I expect 
he, being a Frenchman, will kiss me. Isn't that awful? I wish he would 
send his daughter, instead. 

"I will inclose a letter from our Colonel (given above), stating what 
we did. All the names of villages are omitted; otherwise, it is an exact 
copy of his letter. I have received two letters from a French Captain and 
a French Colonel (or General, I don't remember which). I don't think I 
deserve it, to be honest with, you; I did nothing but keep cool." 

[Another interesting letter:] 

'•Aug. 23, 1918. 
"Dear Father and Mother: 

"My arm is practically well now. I have not much strength in it yet, 
and it looks a little crooked; but, otherwise, it is all right. In fact, I expect 
to leave the Hospital next Monday. It was awfully warm here yesterday, 
about the only hot day we have had. This is a fine place to be — in hot 
weather. There are about 400,000 people here, and the city is very rich. 
I very often run into V. M. I. boys, just landing. Troops come in here 
every day by thousands. We surely need them. You see we only had four 
Divisions at the front until July. Those four are worn to a frazzle. They 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 313 

stayed at the front for six months. Just think, those four Divisions did 
every bit of America's fighting until July. Two of these Divisions (one 
being mine) were used for attacks (shock troops), and both are practically 
wiped out. The famous 'Princess Pat' Regiment has not been hit much 
harder than those two Divisions. At the Bois de Belleau, I started with 47 
men and ended with 24; lost 23 in one afternoon and night. That was con- 
sidered very good, very light; so you can imagine how hard hit the others 
were. Twice, I had a rifle which I carried (after my first men dropped) 
shot, as I held it in my hand. One bullet hit the trigger guard, glanced and 
tore the hooks off my blouse collar, changed my voice for about an hour, 
but never even scratched my throat. That was in June. We were also called 
to make the July attack. Then came help. Divisions and Divisions have 
since come, and the original four American Divisions have at last been taken 
out. Six straight months of rest couldn't give those Divisions what they 
deserve. Most of the men have been wounded, many have been killed, and 
the rest are war-worn to the last degree. To-day, one American Division 
is as good as another. Of course, my Division are all regulars, the first is 
a regular Division; but regular or National, they are all Americans. To 
the American there is no such word as 'retreat' — there is no falling back 
with him. It's all one wild dash 'forward.' To him it's all 'straight foot- 
ball' — one continuous series of line bucking. Whien that dying Captain said, 
"Lieutenant, the command is 'Forward'; see them through.'" — Who could go 
but forward? Every American who comes over here comes with the greatest 
pride. He knows that the eyes of the world are upon him, he is worshipped, 
and is looked upon as a Saviour of Europe. He knows the reputation of his 
predecessors, and he knows he must at least keep; it a standard. Especially 
are the eyes of the world on the Lieutenant. As the English describe it— 
'it's a Lieutenant's War.' The people about Paris call the Marines the 
Saviours of Paris.' You see, we hit the Germans when they made the 35 
kilometer drive on Paris to Chateau Thierry. TTiere were no troops in 
front of us when we arrived. The Germans had a clear road — not a soul to 
stop them. We drove them back two kilometers on a front of eight kilo- 
meters and shattered three of their Divisions. It was a direct drive on 
Paris, and it seemed as if 'all hell' couldn't stop them. The Alpine Chasseurs 
are called the 'Blue Devils,' the Scotch, 'Ladies from Hell,' and the Marines, 
'Devil Dogs.' The Germans have given those three names to these three 
fighters. 

"Well I must close now. I am feeling very well. With love, 

Al." 

Captain CHARLES ANTONIO ETHERIDGE, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, in the fall 
of 1916; was, later, promoted to First Lieutenant. He was with his Corps 
in all the fighting in which it was engaged, and was severely wounded in 
action in the battle at Belleau Wood. It is well known how modest brave 
men are in telling about their own achievements, and yet, have an inordinate 
desire to tell what their comrades accomplished. It is in this way one corre- 
spondent learned how Etheridge, seeing some German machine-gunners creep- 
ing through a gap in the line, gathered eight privates of the Engineers, 
and charged the Enemy, killing or capturing all of them, and bringing two 
of their machine-guns back to the American lines. The dispatch from the 
headquarters of the American Army on the Marne Sector, which tells of 
this exploit of this gallant V. M. I. boy, classes it among the big deeds of 
that terrific struggle the Marines put up, when they went into the fray, with 
orders to stop the Huns from getting to Paris. How well they stopped them 
all the World knows. 



314 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Lieutenant Etheridge was commended by his Commanding Officer "for 
inborn ability, cool courage and unerring judgment," and, later, was pro- 
moted to a Captaincy. 

Captain JOSEPH ADDISON HAGAN, Class 1916. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, May, 1917, and 
reported shortly afterwards at the U. S. Marine Rifle Range, Winthrop, 
Maryland. After a few days he was ordered to thie first Officers' School at 
Quantico, Virginia, where he served tho-ough a two months' course, after 
the completion of which he received orders to report to the Fifth Regi- 
ment, U. S. Marines, which had been in France since June. He embarked 
in the U. S. S. Von Steuben at Philadelphia, and reached New York, en 
route to France, October 26, 1917. [This ship was formerly in the Service 
of Germany and did much evil as a pirate ship on the coast of North Caro- 
lina, sinking many craft and stealing much cargo, during the one hundred 
days it committed its devilish crimes.] On the voyage from New York, there 
was nothing eventful, worthy of record, except a collision his ship had with 
a sister ship of the convoy, when three days from France. He reported as 
soon as possible to his Regiment in the Vosges District, undergoing intensive 
training, under the direction of the 151st Regiment of French Infantry; and 
through that hard winter the training was continued, becoming more in- 
tense, the colder the weather; however, the men's spirits never flagged, and 
their proficiency became more marked every day. They were learning the 
lessons which all too soon they were to put in practice on the battlefield — 
the real stage of War. 

His Captain was a V. P. I. man, Lloyd W. Williams, of Berryville, Vir- 
ginia, and he said — "A finer soldier and gentleman never lived; it was a 
great loss to the Company, Battalion and Regiment when he was killed 
at Belleau Wood, June 11." On the 15 of March, 1918, his command 
started for tbe famous Verdun front and took post near the little town of 
Esparges which will ever be remembered by the French people for the loss 
of eighteen thousand of their noble sons who gave their lives to hold back 
the Army of the Crown Prince in his vigorous attack in 1915. It was not 
far from the famous ports, Vaux and Douamont which he had the good for- 
tune to visit. 

It was on this (then) quiet front that he saw, for the first time, the 
terrible devastation the War had brought upon France, and learned from 
experience the fundamentals of the great game — trench life — patrolling, 
putting up wire entanglements in "No Man's Land," outpost duty and raids 
He said: "I shall never forget my first view of 'No Man's Land.' 
Standing on Montgiermont and looking across the Woevre plain, I counted 
twenty-six French towns that did not have a wall standing higher than 
two feet." 

He remained on this front until about the 20 of May, when his Bat- 
talion was taken out for what was believed to be a month's rest. 

Few realized what was really to happen when a few days later a rumour 
came that they would move very soon. It proved true, for on May 30, about 
3 A. M., they entered their camions for what destination, they knew not then. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 315 

but were not long in doubt. On June 1, the Battalion took position in sup- 
port of the French. About 4 P. M. the Boche made a vigorous attack which 
the French could not withstand; and so they passed through the Marines, 
going to the rear. Their first real attack occurred on June 6 from which 
he fortunately escaped. On June 11 his Battalion made an attack on the 
Northern end of Belleau Wood. It advanced across a wheat field in front 
of the Wood, "and the Boche," said he, "gave us merry sand." He continued: 

"I was about twenty-five yards from the edge of the Wood when I 
espied a machine-gun, and, raising the rifle I carried, took a shot at it. 

"I don't know whether I got it or not, for as I brough.t my rifle down 
to throw the shell out, I got one in the hip; it knocked me down, and I was 
unable to move my leg. I lay there, until about five and a half hours later 
a Marine came back with four German prisoners, and they carried me to 
the little town of Lucy-le-Bocage, about a mile and a half back, where I was 
placed in an ambulance and sent to Evacuation Hospital No. 8. I did not 
arrive there until six in the afternoon (I had been hit about four in the 
morning) . And this closed my fighting career, to begin at once my Hospital 
life. I was in seven different Hospitals until September 24, 1918, when it was 
decided that I would be of no further military value, and was sent home, 
sailing from Brest, and arriving in the United States on October 6. I was 
retired with the grade of Captain in July, 1919. I was cited in G. O. No. 40, 
2nd Division, and received a Citation Certificate from the Commander-in- 
Chief, A. E. F." [It is said he was recommended for the "Medal of Honour."] 

The dear boy's wound has crippled him for life (in all probability); 
and, yet, it is not as serious a wound as one the little god Cupid gave him; 
but that is completely cured now; and, that "they may ever live happily" 
is the wish of all who know this gallant son of the V. M. I. 

Captain Hagan is one of four brothers who are "V. M. I. boys," three 
having graduated and the fourth a First Classman now. His second brother, 
William C. Hagan, just a short time after graduating in 1915, was killed by 
an electric shock, while engaged in the performance of his duty at an 
Electrical Power Plant. His eldest brother, First Lieutenant John M. Hagan, 
U. S. A., served throughout the War in the Ordnance Department, where his 
techjiical knowledge was of great value to the Service. 

Captain JESSE HONAKER FUGATE, JR.. Class 1916. From Virginia. 

U. S Marine Corps. 

Died in the Service at his Post. 

This young and able Officer was an honour to the Service. 

It was a grief to him that he was not permitted to share the glory of 
his comrades in his splendid Corps, whose good fortune carried them to 
France. But, like the fine soldier he was, he never murmured, but strove 
to perform all the better every duty assigned him at his Island Post; and 
the testimony of those who knew him best — hia beloved step-mother and his 
brother officers — shoAvs that he was a young man of the loftiest character. 
This testimony is given here. His step-mother (never known but ad hia 
own mother) tells of their mutual devotion from the time his own mother 
died and sihe took her place; of her seeing him receive his diploma, and 
witnessing the happy result of her careful and loving training in the years 
that went before; of the delight he felt (in which she joined) when he re- 
ceived his commission; of the beautiful and affectionate letters he wrote her 



316 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

(so often containing checks "for your dear self") ; of his spiritual condition — 
his beautiful piety and perfect trust; and of the sorrow and desolation, when 
the crushing tidings of his death came to her. She tells of the comforting 
words in the letter' his Chaplain and friend, Lieutenant Dyer, wrote to her: 
that he repeatedly said, before he died of heart failure (the result of his 
pneumonia) that he was not afraid to go — that he had a bright hope for the 
future, his last words, when Chaplain Dyer asked him to try to rest, being 
"I am going to take a good long rest." 

And, so, the young soldier bravely and peacefully died. 

The tributes of the Editor of the Southicest Times, of Radford, Virginia, 
and Captain Fugate's Colonel and Adjutant follow: 

"Captain Fugate graduated from the Virginia Military Institute, June, 
1916, and for a short while engaged in Electrical Engineering. On Septem- 
ber 29, 1916, he enlisted in the Marine Corps and was commissioned as 
Second Lieutenant. Early in 1917 he was promoted to Captain and at the 
time of his death was about to receive further promotion. His remains were 
brought to Washington and laid to rest in Arlington Cemetery with full 
military honours. The first part of the service was conducted at the 
'Maine Vault' by Rev. J. Harry Whitmore, Pastor of the Presbyterian Church 
of Radford. From the vault the casket, draped with an American flag and 
covered with beautiful floral designs, was borne to the grave, preceded by 
the Marine Band and followed by a Company of Marines. At the grave, 
Chaplain Frazier, of Washington, took charge of the military part of the 
service which concluded with the sounding of taps and the firing of the 
salute. Happy the lot of him who has so lived in life that he is privileged 
to sleep among the Nation's honoured dead in beautiful Arlington. 

"All of those who knew Captain Fugate loved and admired him. The 
principles which governed his life were well set fortli by the branch of 
Service which he selected, it being a well known fact that the Marlnf> 
Corps is, perhaps, the most exacting branch of Service in the armed forces 
of the U. S. He proved himself, however, capable of meeting these demands, 
and by his ability and devotion to duty he had won the respect and esteem 
of his superior officers and his men. Below are published two letters which 
admirably set forth this fact. Captain Fugate is survived by his father, step- 
mother and two younger brothers who mourn the loss of a devoted son and 
brother. He will ever live in their memories, leaving behind the fragrance 
of a noble life. 

"With us their names shall live. 
Through long succeeding years. 
Embalmed with all our hearts can give — 
Our praises and our tears." 

"Santiago, D. R., Jan. 10, 1919. 
"Dear Mr. Fugate: 

"As Commanding OlRcer of the regiment of which your son was one 
of the senior officers, I wish to express to you the sympatiliy and condolence 
of all the officers and enlisted men of the regiment, and not only the mem- 
bers of the regiment, but also of the people of Santiago by whom your son 
was loved and endeared. 

"As Food Control Officer of this section of the country, your son was 
worshiped by market people who brought their produce from the country, 
and also by tihe poor people who bought their food at a price fair to every- 
one. The officers and men honoured your son who played 'fair and square' 
with everyone of them. He looked after the food of his men and had one 
of the best companies — if not the best — in the regiment. I had known your 
son for more than a year. I valued his services so highly that I granted 
his request to stay in Santiago, although he was offered the command of an- 
other Post. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 317 

"Captain Jesse H. Fugate, awaiting promotion (to which he was entitled) 
to Major, was an officer and a gentleman. 

"You have lost a son. We have lost a friend and brother officer. Please 
accept the deepest sympathy and condolence of us all. Your son's last 
wishes were to be buried in Arlington Cemetery. 

Yours very truly, 

William N. McKelvy, 
Colonel, U. S. Marines." 
"Headquarters, 4th Regiment, U. S. Marines, Santiago, D. R. 
"Mr. J. H. Ftigate, 

Radford, Va. 
"Dear Sir: 

"Kindly accept our heartfelt sympathy in the less of your beloved son, 
Captain Jesse H. Fugate. Captain Fugate was one of the most beloved of- 
ficers in this regiment and we feel his loss keenly. It was with great sorrow^ 
that we had to part with him. He was an inspiration and a model by which 
many officers and men strove to better themselves, and their command, by 
adopting his standard for their work. He was a kind and gentlemanly of- 
ficer who had the respect of all who knew him; and it is such men as he 
who have been the foundation upon which the Marine Corps has built the 
famous organization it is to-day. 

"The officers and men of this regirr-ent extend' to you, in your great 
bereavement, their utmost sympathy. 

Sincerely yours, 

J. C. Pai,mek, 
Regimental Adjutant." 
Captain Fugate died of pneumonia following influenza at his Post, 
Santiago, D. R., January 9, 1919, while awaiting his promotion to Major. 

Captain NATHANIEL HARDEN MASSIE, Class 1916. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Served with the Second Battalion, Fifth Regiment, U. S. Marines, Second 
Division, A. E. F., for twenty-two months. 

Participated in the following engagements: 

Chateau Thierry (Bois de Balleau), June 1 to July 5, 1918; Soissons, 
July 18-25, 1918; and Champagne (Blanc Mont), Argonne-Meuse. 

Awarded "Croix de Guerre" for a Citation during battle of Blanc Mont, 
Champagne. Promoted Captain, U. S. Marine Corps. Resigned from the 
Service, September 30, 1919. Chosen to write the History of the Second 
Battalion, Fifth Regiment, U. S. Marines, which duty he has performed 
with great satisfaction to all concerned. 

Captain GEORGE B. LOCKHART, Class 1917. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, in June, 
1917, a few days after receiving his diploma. He went at once in training 
at Quantico, Virginia. On September 20 he married Miss Al-Willie Ward, of 
Richmond, Virginia. Soon after this event he sailed for France, and joined 
his comrades of the Marine Corps who had preceded him. He took part in 
the famous drive of the first two weeks in June, 1918, in which he was 
wounded. Ha rejoined his regiment, September 5, 1918, and served with 
honour and distinction witli it until it returned to the United States. 



318 Virginia Military Institute — EWorld War Eecord 

Captain MORGAN REAGAN MILLS, JR., Class 1917. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
Sailed from United States, September 16, 1917, as Second Lieutenant, 
Sixth Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps. Arrived St. Nazaire, France, October 5, 

1917. Attached to 95th Company. On duty of various kinds in the rear, 
until March 22, 1918. Then, at the front, just South of Verdun. Platoon 
Commander, 95th Company, 1st Battalion, 6th Regiment. Trench duty till 
middle of May, 1918. Then, to Offensive training at Outrepont and Serens. 
Ordered to Chateau Thierry with regiment. June, 1918, duty at front with 
Company between Torcy and Lucy-le-Bocage. Wounded slightly, June 3-7, 

1918, hand, head and leg. Belleau Wood, June 10-14. Gassed and evacuated, 
June 14, to Evacuation Hospital No. 16, thence to Evacuation Hospital at 
Jouey, thence to Red Cross Hospital No. 2, Paris. Evacuated to Army Base 
Hospital No. 6, Bordeaux, July 8; sent to Officers' Convalescent Pavilion, 
Beechville, Saronne. Returned to Base Hospital No. 6. Classified as C-2 
by ]3isability Board. Ordered to Casual Officers' Depot. Blois Loire et Char, 
August, 1918, ordered to Tours, thence to St. Aignan. Made Commanding 
Officer, Prisoner of War Escort, Company 15. Ordered to Central Prisoner 
of War Enclosure, A. P. O. 717, near Tours. September, 1918, detach,ed from 
P. W. E. Co. 15 and assigned as Asst. Supply Officer, C. P. W. E. Also Mess 
Officer, Paymaster, for Marne personnel on post. October, 1918, re-classified 
A-1. Received official notification of First Lieutenancy. November, 1918- 
March, 1919, Prison officer: C. O., P. W. W. Camp 1, Camp Fire Marshall, 
C. P. W. E. No. 1. February 17, 1919, decorated by French at Tours, 
France, "Croix de Guerre." March, 1919, re-classified by Disability Board 
as C-2. Ordered to United States, via Brest. Sailed, April 1, 1919. 

Trench duty. South of Verdun, March, April and May, 1918. Platoon 
Commander, 95th Co., 6th Regiment. 

Entered Service May 23, 1917. Discharged May 1, 1919. 

(Citation) 
"Lieutenant Morgan R. Mills, U. S. Marines: 

Au Grand Quartier General. • 

le 28 Octobre, 1918. 

Le General Commandant en Chef. 

(Signed) Retain." 
"In the course of a lively attack by the enemy he held, with quiet 
coolness and remarkable ability, two platoons of his Company, weakened by 
the loss of its captain and second in command. By the accuracy of his Com- 
pany's fire, wihose morale he had rallied, by his example, he repulsed the 
Enemy's attack, inflicting upon them terrible losses." 

Promoted Captain, U. S. M. C. 
Resigned on return to United States. 

Captain JAMES L. DENHAM, Class 1910. From District of Columbia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
Commissioned May 20, 1917, Lieutenant U. S. M. C. Promoted to Captain. 
Service at Paris Island, S. C, and Quantico, Virginia, until February 5, 1918. 
In Foreign Service from last date to February 12, 1919 
With 6th Regiment, 2nd Division, in all its actions. 
After February, 1919, at New York Navy Yard. 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 319 

Captain FREDERICK W. CLARKE, JR., Class 1917. From Georgia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. B. P. 
He was commissioned First Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, April 11, 
1917 (before graduation). He was stationed at Paris Island for several 
montlis and then transferred to Quantico, Virginia He sailed for France in 
September, 1917. On April 13, 1918, he received a slight wound in action. 
He was again wounded in action near Vierzy, July 19, 1918, and was in 
Hospital for some weeks. But he made light of both wounds. He was 
awarded the "Croix de Guerre with silver star," and was recommended for 
the "D. S. C." In none' of his letters home did he mention the distinguished 
service he performed, but Major General Barnett, Commandant of the Marine 
Corps, tells of it in the following letter to his wife: 

"I am pleased to inform you that I have received a copy of a com- 
munication from the Commanding Officer, Sixth Regiment of Marines to 
the Commander of the Second Division, A. E. F., dated July 28, 1918, which 
mentions among other things the fact that your husband, Captain Frederick 
W. Clarke, Jr., Marine Corps, has been commended for distinguished service 
in action, and also recommended for the Distinguished Service Cross. The 
Citation is as follows: 

'Captain Frederick W. Clarke, Jr., in action near Vierzy on July 19, 
led his Company to the advance through terrific machine-gun and artillery 
fire, and, although, his Company suffered severe losses, advanced until it 
was impossible to move another foot. There he consolidated and held, en- 
couraging his men and showing great resourcefulness in using the guns in 
abandoned tanks to stand off the Enemy.' 

"News of such a nature is always pleasant to impart to others, and 
I know you will be proud to learn that your husband so performed his 
duty as to call forth such high commendation on the part of his Com- 
manding Officer." 

Captain SAMUEL CALVIN GUMMING, Class 1917. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Appointed Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, April 7, 1917. Pro- 
moted to First Lieutenant, August 11, 1917. Arrived in France, June 28, 
1917, as Platoon Commander, 51st Co., 5th Regiment. Served as Battalion 
Adjutant, January to June 1, 1918. 

Wounded by machine-gun at Chateau Thierry, June 11, 1918. 

Returned to Service, August 1, 1918, and assigned to duty as Regimental 
Intelligence Officer. Promoted to Captain of 51st Company, 5th Regiment, 
U. S. M. C, September, 1918. With Army of Occupation in Germany. Won 
an official Citation. Decorated with the "Croix de Guerre" for deeds of 
bravery, performed in the attack on Belleau Wood. 

"In this battle which will go down in history as one of the decisive 
battles of the War, Captain Cumming's platoon was completely wiped out, 
with the exception of one man and himself. He was so severely wounded with 
machine-gun bullets that he was confined to the Hospital for a period of 
seven weeks. Recovering from this wound, he was again ready for action 
and took an active part in every battle that the Marines were engaged in 
during the War. He led his men to victory at St. Mihiel, on the Champagne 
front, in the battle of Mont Blanc, in the Argonne Forest drive, and his 
Company was one of the first to cross the river Meuse and establish an 
American front line trench on the other side, the night before the Armistice 
was signed." 



320 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Captain H. P. Mason, Jr., U. S. M. C, his Classmate and fellow-towns- 
man, himself a Croix de Guerre hero, thus wrote of ihim, December 29, 1918: 

"I saw Calvin about two weeks ago and had a long talk with him. He 
had quite an interesting time on the day the armistice was declared. 
Two battalions of the 5th succeeded in crossing the Meuse River on the night 
of Nov. 10, with very, very heavy losses. They fought very hard all that 
night and the next day, until about 2:30 in the afternoon, when two German 
officers, with a flag of truce, came across 'No Man's Land,' and asked to see 
the Commanding Officer. As the Major was wounded, the men took the 
officers to Calvin. The Germans spoke good English, and one of them asked 
Calvin if he did not know that an Armistice had been declared to take effect 
at eleven o'clock thiat morning, and asked why the Americans were still 
fighting. Calvin had no communication with the rear, and did not know 
about the Armistice; but he also did not want the Boches to know that he 
was cut off; so, he said they would stop fighting at fGur-thirty,' and sent 
the Boches h.ome." 

In this connection, the following extract from a letter, dated January 
30, 1919, from Captain CummJng, will be found interesting: 

"I had pushed ahead too far with my outfit, fighting all night long, 
and the morning of the 11th found me with my back to the Meuse River, and 
surrounded by the Huns — a whole regiment of Infantry, besides machine-gun 
companies, between me and my nearest reinforcements. So I gave orders 
to 'dig in' and consolidate the position, as we were going to fight to the last 
man. The wounded were carried down into a cellar * * *. I'll tell you the 
story of the fight sometime. We did not know about the Armistice." 

His aunt wrote: 

"I am very proud of him — kept up the War for three hours and a half, 
after the Germans surrendered!" 

The letter following is taken from The Japan Advertiser, published in 
Tokio, October 16, 1918, and will be found to be a graphic narrative of 
historical events, written by Captain Gumming :< 

"A number of letters recently received from 'Japan Boys' in the War 
are given below. The first is from First Lieutenant S. Calvin Gumming, of 
the United States Marine Corps. Lieutenant Gumming is the son of the 
Rev. C. K. Gumming (Presbyterian Church, U. S. A., South), Toyohashi. 
He was born in Kobe 23 years ago. He joined up as soon as America entered 
the War and was one of the first to go over to France in June, 1917. He was 
wounded at Chateau Thierry in the advance on Belleau Wood. Lieutenant 
Cumming's letter is not only a narrative of an unforgettable personal experi- 
ence; it is of great value as showing that those first American troops, when 
put to the test, were worthy of their Country and their comrades. 

'U. S. Army Hospital No. 1, June 20, 1918. — While lying here in bed, 
waiting for a machine-gun hole through my right leg to get patched up, 
I am going to write to you. The Hospital in which I am now is located at 
Vichy, in Southern France. There are two Captains in the ward with me, 
and we figure that we are about the luckiest people in the world, as there 
are but few left of the old outfit which has gotten credit from General Foch 
for greatly assisting in stopping the Hun drive on Paris. We stopped, cut 
to pieces and were driving back, two Divisions from Baden, when the Huns 
threw against us two Divisions of Prussian Guards, which they had in- 
tended using in the drive against Campiegne. We drove them back also until 
wo gained all objectives, which gave us a commanding position over im- 
portant places held by the Huns. 

'I will tell you a few instances and take the chance of the censor's 
letting them get by. This fighting was all in open country — through woods, 
wheat fields and townS — the country being hilly. The Hun Infantry is not 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 321 

what we call Infantry, in that it is armed with the light Maxim machine-gun 
weighing about fifty pounds (a wonderful gun), and the ammunition car- 
riers are armed with rifles. They also have a well organized sniping system. 
Because of this kind of fighting it was very hard to get anything up to the 
Infantry; and we often had to roll over our dead for food and ammunition, 
and dig holes for water in the ravines. We could get water at a depth of two 
feet or so. During our ten days' fighting there, I never saw a man buried — 
either Marine or Hun, so it got to be very disagreeable, after the first few 
days. 

'One afternoon I was told to take up a position across a certain ravine, 
as a counter-attack was expected. In choosing the position I noticed In a 
very good natural ridge that the Huns had dropped several shells there. 
So I decided not to use it, but had the men crawl out to an imaginary line 
in the grass about a hundred yards in advance of this position; and then lay 
still until night — about four hours. The Huns did not fire because they did 
not want us to know that we were observed. The counter-attack did not 
come that night, so the men dug in little individual holes, striking water at 
from twelve to eighteen inches. 

'At 3:15 A. M. the Huns dropped a heavy artillery and machine-gun 
barrage just in the rear of us, and where they thought we ought to be. 
At 3:30 A. M. they attacked and we did not fire a shot until they were 
within a hundred yards of us. Well, not one Hun got near us, and I lost 
only one man, while the ground in the rear of us was all churned up. 

'Skipping now to a few days' later. At four A. M. on June 11 a whistle 
blew and the arm-motion "forward" was given; and line after line moved 
off towards a woods, six hundred meters away, across an open and level 
field, covered with grass about six inches high. Tlie ground became covered 
with a sheet of machine-gun bullets from a Prussian Guard machine-gun 
battalion and their supporting Infantry, which was placed to hold the woods, 
as it was an Important position. We moved forward at a slow pace, keeping 
perfect line. Men were being mowed down like wheat. A "whiz-bang" (high 
explosive Shell) hit on my right, and an automatic rifle team which was 
there a moment before had disappeared; while men on the right and left 
v/ere armless, legless, or tearing at their faces. We continued to advance 
until about 50 yards from the woods, when something hit me and I spun 
around and hit flat. I did not know where I was hit, and so jumped up to 
go forward again, but fell. I crawled to a shell-hole nearby. I don't see how 
I ever got there, as the ground was being plowed up by the machine guns. 
I heard later that my Company had one officer and 29 men left, when they 
reached the objective. We had gone to this sector with eight officers and 
250 men. The shell-hole in which I found myself happened to be one made 
by a trench-mortar, and was about six feet deep and ten feet across. I put 
on a first- aid dressing, and started figuring on how to get back to a first-aid 
station. Shells of fire were still lighting around, shrapnel bursting, machAne- 
gun bullets passing overhead; and these sounds, mingled with the cries 
of the wounded and tTie dying, made it an unpleasant place to be in. 

'In cleaning out the woods a sniper (who was undoubtedly up a tree, 
at that time), had been left behind. From the sound of his rifle I figured 
that he was about 50 yards away, and was picking off any wounded who were 
moving around, and had not yet reached cover. I had lost the rifle I was 
carrying, so I decided to try my Colt 45 on him. I crawled up to the edge 
of the shell-hole and heard a "ping." I looked at my pistol and found it 
minus a front sight. That ball had knocked it off. A few minutes later, 
I heard someone running, and another 'crack' from the Hun and a Marino 
came rolling in. However, h,e kindly brought his Springfield rifle with him 
After his rifle had spoken three times, the way was clear, and I started 
crawling to a First-Aid Station, leaving all equipment behind, but a, blanket 
(so that when I got weak I could roll up and keep warm), a canteen and 
my trusty 45. 



322 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

'I got picked up later by stretcher-bearers, and went through battalion 
and regimental dressing-stations, and then in an ambulance when we were 
taken to the Evacuation Hospital which I reached at 1 P. M. Was operated 
on. Stayed there three days, was put on a Hospital train and came straight 
through to this Hospital at Vichy where I now am. 

S. Calvin Gumming, 
1st Lieutenant, 5th Regiment, 
51st Company, U. S. Marines." 

Captain Cumming was appointed (with his Classmate, Captain L. C. 
Shepherd, Jr., U. S. M. C, and a few others) on a Commission, under Major 
Charles D. Barrett, to return to France, in August, 1919, and make a Relief 
Map of the battlefields on which the Marines fought. 

Captain LEMUEL CORNICK SHEPHERD, JR., Class 1917. 

(Graduated May 3rd). From Virginia. 

U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. M. C. Reserve, April 11, 1917. 
Commissioned Second Lieutenant in the regular Service, August 10, 1917. 
The next day he was promoted to First Lieutenant. On June 11, 1917, he 
was sent to France with a section of the Marine Corps attached to the 55th 
Cojnpany, and billetted in the Training Area, in the vicinity of Gondrecourt 
(Meuse). He was in the Trenches, Verdun Sector, from March 15 to June 
1, 1918, and entered the line in Chateau Thierry Salient, June 1, 1918. ' On 
July 1, 1918, he was promoted to Captain, U. S. M. C. He had gallantly led 
his platoon at Chateau Thierry and Belleau Wood, June 1-7, 1918. In the 
terrific fighting in this Sector, he received two wounds. On June 3, he was 
clipped in the neck by a machine-gun bullet. Receiving first aid from the 
nearest of his comrades, he went steadily on. For almost four days he car- 
ried a bullet in his neck, fighting all the time. On June 7, a big shell burst 
and a fragment struck him on the left thigh, and linocked him unconscious, 
while in a skirmish on th,e edge of Bois de Belleau. He was carried to the 
nearest dressing-station; but the Surgeons, thinking his wound was ex- 
tremely serious, sent him to one of the big Red Cross Hospitals in Paris. 
He soon began to recuperate, responding at once to treatment, the bones 
not being shattered, and returned to his Company, in the 55th Regiment, 
2nd Division, August 24, 1918. 

For his gallantry in action he received the Distinguished Service Cross, 
August, 1918, with, this Citation from the General Commanding, A. E. F.: 

"Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., First Lieutenant, 5th Regiment, United States 
Marine Corps. On June 3, 1918, near the Lucy-Torcy Roads, he declined 
medical treatment, after being wounded, and continued courageously to 
lead his men." 

Major General Barnett, Commandant of the Marine Corps, wrote his 
family, August 31, 1918, as follows: 

"It is indeed a pleasure to be able to write you that your son, Lieutenant 
Lemuel C. Shepherd, Jr., Marine Corps, has been awarded the Distinguished 
Service Cross by the Commanding General of the American Expeditionary 
Forces in France for gallant and conspicuous service in action (as set forth 
in the Citation above given). He displayed exceptional bravery in organiz- 
ing and leading a party of volunteers through heavy machine-gun fire, for 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 323 

the purpose of rescuing two wounded men on the Lucy-Torcy Roads, June 
6, 1918. News of this nature is always pleasant to impart, and I am sure 
you will be glad to learn that your son has maintained himself so gallantly 
in the presence of thel Enemy as to have called forth the commendation 
of his commanding officers, and the awarding of the highest honours." 

The French Commander-in-Chief, recognizing Lieutenant Shepherd's gal- 
lantry in action also decorated him with the "Croix de G-uerre with gold star." 

Another honour given him was a Commission of Captain, on July 1, 
1918, as stated above. He was also awarded the "Navy Cross." 

He participated in the St. Mihiel Offensive, September 12-14, 1918. 

On September 13, he wrote his parents: 

"* * * I got through this last push all 0. K. We are out now behind 
the lines in camp, in a woods. It was 'fruit' — the 'push' at Mt. Mihiel, I 
mean. The weather conditions before it were hard on us. For two weeks 
we were on the march at night, and lay in the woods all day. It rained 
the whole time, and the night before we 'went over' was the worst I have 
ever seen. We couldn't get anything to eat for three days. Outside of that, 
and some pretty heavy artillery fire to which we were subjected, everything 
went along O. K. * * *." 

He participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (Champagne Sector) 
and in the taking of Blanc Mont Ridge, October 1-10, 1918; and on October 8, 
was wounded the third time. He wrote his parents, October 12: 

"Well, I am back in the Hospital again, with another wound, but I was 
as lucky this time as before — only a piece of shrapnel in my right thigh. 
It was just a small piece and went around the bone, not breaking it. The 
doctor cut through from both sides to clean the wound and get the piece out; 
and, as soon as it heals up, I will be O. K. 

"I guess you want to knov/ how and where I got my third wound. We 
were up in the Champagne Sector. It is North of Chalons and West of the 
Argonne Forest — an awful sector, one of the worst on the entire front, so 
the French say. We were with the Fourth French Army, General Gourade. 
When the French wouldn't go any farther, they shoved us in. You know 
the Second Division, which is mine, is supposed to be the best American 
Division. We ran a salient into the German line, and held, and this caused 
the general retreat in the Rheims Sector, thus delivering the famous City 
from gun fire. In the second day's attack, in which my regiment led, we 
were only two Companies wide. This was a most dangerous position, as 
there were Boche on all sides ot us and we were likely to be cut off at any 
time. We held there, though, and it was worth it, for the praise we got 
from General Gourade. He said we had done something wonderful, etc., etc. 
It sounded great afterwards, but those were seven awful days we spent 
in the front line. 

"If there ever was a hell on earth, it was up there. In one attack, in 
fact, most of the time, there were Boche on all four sides of us. The coun- 
try is full of small trees and shrubs and they would hide in there with 
machine-guns, and, when we passed, open up; our salient was so narrow 
and with no protection on the sides, they easily filtered in around us, and 
they gave us all the artillery they had. I never have seen so much. My 
Captain was wounded, but I took the Company through all right. We were 
in a reserve position, another outfit having relieved us, when a shell dropped 
beside me and laid me out. It is very funny, indeed, as I had been through 
those eight or nine days without even getting touched. Our losses were 
quite heavy. I was the only officer left in my Company, and the others had 
only one or two in each. 



324 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

"Here is an extract (found on a German officer) from an Order from 
a higher German command: 'You must hold on the right, at all costs, as the 
Second Division, American, is on our left, and ground captured by them can 
never be retaken.' 

"Please don't worry over me one bit, as- I will be all right soon; I shall 
not be laid up over two monthiS, at the most." 

On December 7, he wrote the Historiographer that he had fully re- 
covered, and expected to join his regiment in the Army of Occupation very 
soon. 

On January 9, 1919, he returned to duty with his regiment at Segendolph, 
Germany, and commanded the 55th Company, from February 1 to July I, 
1919, On the last date named, he was detailed as Assistant Adjutant Gen- 
eral, 4th Brigade, Headquarters, and served as such until the Brigade was 
broken up. 

Captain JAMBS ARCHIBALD NELMS, Class 1917, Fifth Cadet Captain. 

From Virginia. 
5th Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
He was commissioned as soon as he graduated. Second Lieutenant, and 
then First Lieutenant, and went to France with his battalion, in June, 1917. 
He was engaged in every big battle fought by the Americans, and yet ho 
emerged unhurt from every one, as far as his record is known. For his 
gallantry he received the French "Croix de Guerre with gilt star," and was 
promoted to be Captain. Unusual "qualities of leadership" and "confident 
courage" displayed in battle, under trying conditions, won for Captain Nelms 
a recommendation by his Colonel that he be promoted to the grade of 
Major (Temporary), U. S. M. C. This was made in a Citation to the Com- 
manding General of the Second Division by Colonel Logan Feland, Regi- 
mental Commander, in the following communication: 

"Due to the failure of friendly troops to keep' up with our advance, the 
regiment was almost surrounded, and in the necessary withdrawal under 
the heaviest fire, some confusion and disorder resulted. Major George W 
Hamilton, in conjunction with Captain J. A. Nelms, with absolute disregard 
of personal safety, controlled the situation, organized and consolidated the 
position, and tenaciously held on to the advance won. I recommend that 
Major Hamilton he promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel (Temporary), 
U. S. M. C. 

"Captain James A. Nelms. ThiSi officer, a Graduate of the Virginia 
Military Institute, has been with the regiment since its organization, serv- 
ing as platoon commander and second in command of the regimental ma- 
chine-gun Company to August 9, 1918, and since that date in command of 
the Company. Ha has borne a brilliant part in every engagement in which 
the regiment has participated, and is noted for his cool courage, devotion 
to duty and control of men. On the critical occasion, Oct. 4, 1918, men- 
tioned above. Captain Nelms was the first to see the danger, and was the 
first to act. He immediately ran out into the fire-swept space, forced to halt 
at the point of his revolver the men who were retreating, selected positions 
for them, and had them dig in. He was joined in this task by Major 
Hamilton and, later, by other officers; but, in my opinion. Captain Nelms's 
prompt grasp of the situation, immediate action without regard to risk in- 
curred, and confident courage, were the deciding factors in enabling the 
regiment to hold thei ground gained, and to stand off the desperate counter- 
attacks thrown against it by the Enemy. He displayed qualities of leader- 
ship which I have never known to be excelled. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 325 

"Without hesitation I recommend that Captain Nelms be promoted to 
the rank of Major (Temporary), U. S. M. C." 

In November, 1918, he wrote his parents as follows: 

"On the East Bank of the Meuse. 
"Just finished one of the worst jobs imaginable, namelj^ crossing the 
Meuse River by night. It was a bloody adventure, and I don't see how I got 
out of it. Your son is very proud this day, for he has been through every 
big battle of the American War, every minute and part of it, and is here, 
alive and well, to tell the tale." 

Captain CHARLES PATTERSON NASH, Class 1917, Third Cadet Captain. 

From West Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Major General George Barnett, Commandant of the Marine Corps, had 
personally visited the V. M. I. and selected a large number of Cadets to be 
commissioned (as soon as graduated) in his Corps. The Class of 1917 was 
graduated one month, or more, ahead of the usual time, to comply with the 
request of the War Department, and to gratify the impatient members who 
all longed to join the A. B. F. in the World War. 

Nash was one of the men commissioned, and he sailed for France, June 
13, 1917, with the Fifth Regiment, U. S. M. C. He was detached from his 
regiment, December 8, 1917, and assigned to the U. S. Air Service for flying 
duty. On September 13^ 1918, while participating in a raid on a German 
aerodrome, he was shot down. He fell behind the Enemy's line, and was a 
prisoner until December 1, 1918. He had accompanied his Squadron in a 
raid on a German aerodrome, with orders to scour the St. Mihiel territory 
for Enemy Planes and engage them. This was on the second day of the 
St. Mihiel battle. He was in a Scout Plane, and the weather was rainy and 
cloudy. 

With others of the Squadron, he had penetrated the area protected by 
fire from the anti-aircraft batteries, and had pushed forward against the 
resistance of German opposing Planes. He was flying at a height of 2,009 
feet, and had become separated from his Squadron, when a German Plane 
dropped down on him from the clouds above, firing as it came, and he was 
struck by a bullet in the shoulder. Though numbed by the ball, he shut off 
his power and glided down to the earth, alighting inside the German lines, 
near Rezonville. 

He was picked up and carried to a dressing-station — an old school-house — 
where his left arm was amputated by a German Surgeon. 

Captain Nash who is extremely reticent about relating his thrilling 
experience stated that he really did not know whether he was given an 
amaesthetic or not, as he was practically unconscious from the time he was 
wounded, at eleven o'clock, until the next morning, when he recalls his 
first utterance was for water. 

He said smilingly: "It was the only German word' I could speak, and 
I thanked Heaven for that. Did I get it? No, not at that time. The 
German muttered something, and went on about his work. There were 
about twenty wounded Germans in the station; I was the only American. 
After two or three hours the orderly brought me some water." After two 



326 ViEGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecord 

weeks, he was removed to another place. "I never knew where I was going, 
or whether I was going to have my head cut off, when I got there, or 
not," he said. 

As the wounded, under heavy guard, were removed to the big German 
Hospital, at Mayence on the Rhine, Nash happened to glance upward antl 
saw several members of his own Escadrille in the air above him (the num- 
bers on the machines being visible). The feelings of the young officer may 
well be imagined at that moment — his comrades flying home, unaware that 
he was near, a prisoner and desperately wounded (it had been reported that 
he was dead), and he being taken further back into Germany! 

After spending three weeks in the Hospital, he was taken to Carlsruhe 
Prison Camp, and there he met First Lieutenant John C. Nelson, his 
old V. M. I. contemporary, who was also a prisoner. It goes without saying 
that it was a joyous meeting. He remained at this distributing camp two 
weeks. From there he was sent to Villigen, the American Officers' Camp. 
He remained there until the Armistice was signed. Although he had been 
treated very well in prison, the attitude of the Germans changed per- 
ceptably now; they were at great attention to convey him safely to Swiss 
territory, where he was turned over to the officials there for transporta- 
tion to France. "And when I got back, oh, boy, I would meet ^ome fellow 
I knew and h,is mouth would gape open and he would tell me I was a sport. 
I emphatically denied it." It was not until he came from France that he 
knew he had been promoted to a Captaincy, and had beeen awarded the 
D. S. C. 

The first month of his imprisonment Captain Nash almost starved, until 
the Red Cross found him at the Prison Camp. His clothing was stolen when 
he fell, but the British Red Cross sent him clothing. He suffered many 
hardships, having his wound dressed only once a week. He was bruised all 
over from the fall, and his face was cut in many places. He carries a scar 
on his sh,oulder where the incendiary bullet burnt him. He suffered greatly, 
but he says little about it. His health is fully restored now, and only the 
empty sleeve indicates the sacrifice he made. 

In May. 1920, Captain Nash married Miss Lydia Taylor, of Norfolk, Va., 
whose brother is an "Old Cadet," and whose grandfather, the gallant Major 
Richard C. Taylor, C. S. A., was a Graduate of the Class of 1854. 

Captain THOMAS SPADY WHITING, Class 1917. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. M. C, April 7, 1917. Promoted 
First Lieutenant, August 11, 1917. Promoted Captain, July 1, 1918. 

Embarked for France, January 21, 1918. Arrived at St. Nazaire, Febru- 
ary 5, 1918. In training at Neuf Chateau, Verdun Sector, Paris, and Chateau 
Thierry, from February to June, 1918. Went into action first. March 2?,, 
1918, Verdun Sector. Participated in following engagements: Verdun, 191S; 
Belleau Wood, June, 1918; Champagne Offensive, September, 1918. Wounded 
by high explosive shell at Belleau Wood, June 2. 1918. Received French 
"Croix de Guerre," April 7. 1919, through Admiral Fechteller, at Marine 
Barracks, Norfolk, Virginia, on citation from the French War Office that 
he was thus h.onoured for leading his men into action, in the face of heavy 



Some op the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 327 

fire at Chateau Thierry where he received eight shrapnel wounds, and for 
showing conspicuous bravery. 

His Colonel's Citation to the Major General Commandant, U. S. M. C, 
was this: 

"First Lieutenant Thomas S. Whiting, Company G, was an example to 
his men in his absolute devotion to duty and courageous bearing under fira, 
and, even after receiving eight shxapnel wounds, inspired them by his 
splendid courage." 

At French and English Hospital at Suilly, June 3, 1918; American Red 
Cross Hospital No. 3, Paris, June 6-July 19, 1918; Base Hospital No. 13. 
Limoges, July li^^i-August 18, 1918; permanently disabled — stiff elbow joint 
of right arm — part of bone gone. 

Returned to United States, December 29, 1918. Discharged from Service. 
Permanent Officer in Marine Corps, retaining rank as Captain. 

The circumstances of his wounding are these: His Company went into 
battle, June 1, at Chateau Thierry, after a 36-hour ride in motor trucks; 
he was wounded late in the afternoon of Sunday, June 2, during heavy 
artillery firing. They had been fighting at close range all day, and late 
in the afternoon the artillery attack began. His Captain received a slight 
wound, and, seeing him stagger, he ran to him to see how seriously he was 
hurt; and, just as he got back to his platoon, he was hit by a high explosive 
shell which killed 6 and wounded 26 of his men. He gave orders to his 
men, and walked about a hundred yards towards the field dressing-station, 
before he became unconscious. Later in the night, he was moved farther 
back, and while on the way, his ambulance which had no lights was hit by 
a Ptench car and turned over into a ditch. When he finally reached the 
surgeon and nurses, they believed he would die. 

He had five serious wounds and many smaller ones. One was an open- 
ing 6 inches long and 4 inches wide — an eighth of an inch closer would 
have killed him instantly. A number of operations had to be performed on 
account of his many wounds. The surgeons at first determined to put him 
in Class "D," and send him home; but he urged them to put him in Class 
"C-2," and let him stay oversees; and he was so classified. Five days after 
he was so badly wounded, he dictated to his faithful nurse a short letter 
home, saying, "I have been lying in bed now for five days in one position, 
flat on my back * * *. j was hit on the right arm just over the elbow 
joint by a piece of shell, also on the left arm near the shoulder; another 
piece of shell entered my left side, just above the hip; the fourth piece got 
me on the inside of the left knee; and the fifth took part of my left foot, 
from the bone out, but there are no bones broken, so this wound will grow 
out all right and leave my foot in a normal condition. All of my wounds 
have been carefully dressed and are getting along nicely. I was wounded 
in the smaller places by lots of fiying rocks and gravel, but they are not 
serious and do not discomfort me at all * * * This will only be a short letter 
to-day, because I think my good friend is tired of my poor dictation." 
This postscript was added: 

•<p_ s_ This is the pluckiest boy here. He will soon be O. K. 

His NUBSE." 



328 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Seven weeks later, he wrote to his mother: 

"* * *. My wounds have all healed, except my foot. Had a pretty 
tough time of it, but now the worst is over. I lay flat on my back for one 
month and couldn't move a muscle. The Doctor said I was going to die, but 
you see that I am very much alive. Do not worry about me, Mother, dear; 
I am safe. It nearly broke my heart when I thought of you receiving word 
that I was severely wounded. The Doctor says I will not be in condition 
to fight for over a year; so I am going to try to come home for a while. * * * 
I was very lucky, and I am sure God spared me because of you and 
Bessie * * *. j was hit in two places on my head, and one piece of shell 
pierced my helmet and made a slight wound on my scalp. Good old Helmet!" 

Just before sailing for France Captain Whiting married Miss Bessie 
Blassenham, of Newport News, Va., December 29, 1917. 

[Since the above was written. Captain Whiting has been retired for dis- 
ability incurred in the Service, and is now an Assistant Professor at the 
V. M. I.] 

Captain FIELDING SLAUGHTER ROBINSON, Class 1917, Cadet Adjutant. 

From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, F. A. U. S. A., Spring of 1917, and 
transferred to U. S. Marine Corps. Promoted First Lieutenant. Went to 
France with first detachment of Marines. Received "Croix de Guerre with 
Palm" for gallantry in action at the second battle of the Marne. He was 
then placed on the Staff of Major General Harbord and served there to the 
end of the War with great credit. 

An older brother, 1st Lt. Warren S. Robinson, also a Graduate, and 
now in the Philippines, served through the War, but was kept on duty in 
this Country. 

Captain Robinson was promoted to Captain, U. S. M. C, September 
15, 1918. 

Captain JOHN SIMS HART, Class 1917. From Texas. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
He enlisted in the Marines before War was declared, in Washington, 
while on leave from the V. M. I., taking the physical examination on that 
day — April 7, 1917. He was graduated May 3 and reported at Port Royal, 
S. C, May 24, going thence to Quantico, Virginia. He landed in France, 
December 31, 1917. His first great battle was the famous one of Belleau 
Wood. He left the "Rest Billet" the last of May, and was continuously 
fighting, without rest, or even without removing his clothes, from June 1 to 
June 24. In that period he received two wounds, one from a falling wall 
which he did not consider, and the other, caused by a shrapnel going through 
the fleshy part of his foot. He received first aid on the field, and staid with 
his Company. For this he was recommended for the "D. S. C." On June 24, 
he was gassed and had to be carried to an improvised Hospital in the rear 
in which he was required to remain five or six days, and then he returned 
to his Company. He was in active service at the front in every important 
battle, until September 15, 1918, when he received a very serious wound 
in the right arm. His Major (Waller) wrote that he had gone over the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 329 

top with Ms Company andi was out reconnoitreing when he ran upon a 
camouflaged German machine-gun nest. After having his right arm shattered, 
hie captured, single-handed, the machine-gun and all the seventeen men who 
manned it. For this he was cited and recommended for the "D. S. C." His 
arm was so badly shattered that bones had to be grafted in, and yet in two 
months he rejoined his Company on the banks of the Rhine, November 
25-26, 1918. 

This is the Citation he received with the "D. S. C." awarded in the name 
of the President, by the Commanding General, A. E. F.: 

"Jack S. Hart, First Lieutenant, 6th Machine Gun Battalion, United 
States Marine Corps. For extraordinary heroism in action near Thiaucourt, 
France, September 15, 1918. Acting as Company Commander, Lieutenant 
Hart advanced with the first wave of Infantry to locate favourable positions 
for his guns. He discovered an Enemy machine-gun which he, alone, at- 
tacked, and, although severely wounded, succeeded, in capturing the gun and 
taking the crew prisoners." >._ 

He had already received the "Croix de Guerre with Palm" from the 
French Government, and the "Navy Cross" from the Navy. He received his 
promotion as Captain soon after this. 

But the greatest of all honours awaited this gallant oflicer. 

A great gathering of citizens was held in the town of Weatherford, 
Texas, on the night of November 23, 1919, to do honour to one of its 
gallant sons, who had honoured the place of his birth by his heroic deeds 
in France. This was Captain Jack S. Hart. The principal speaker was 
Judge James C. Wilson, formerly of Weatherford, but now a resident of 
Fort Worth, Texas. While Judge Wilson was a Congressman from that 
district, h,e was a member of the Naval Affairs Committee, and it was due 
to his efforts, possibly, as he explained, tt'at Captain Hart was sent to the 
front early in the conflict. His ambition was to get to the front, and he 
applied to Mr. Wilson for assistance in getting there. Mr. Wilson explained 
at length his feelings when Lieutenant Hart appeared in his ofl^ce and made 
the request. He had known him from his boyhood; he knew that he was 
a young man of courage, and that he wanted to be in the lead in all his 
undertakings; and he could only commend the young man's indomitabk 
spirit, and personally desired to see his wish gratified. But he also knew 
the dangers to which he would be exposed, and the daring of the boys who 
composed the Marine Corps, and he did not feel like taking the responsibility 
of the situation upon himself; so he wired Mr. and Mrs. Hart the facts and 
asked what he should do in the circumstances. Jack's father replied: "Use 
Jack where he can be of the best service to the Government." The reading 
of this cablegram was greeted with applause. 

Clothed with this authority, Mr. Wilson made an effort to comply with 
Lieutenant Hart's request, writing a letter to Secretary Daniels, asking that 
his young friend be sent across at the earliest opportunity, and it was only 
a few months until he sailed for service overseas. Mr. Wilson elaborated on 
the services which Captain Hart performed for his Country, and recited in- 
cidents of the visit he made to the battle front, and under what conditions 
h,e visited him on the front lines. He then read the following correspon- 
dence: 



330 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

"Headquarters, Sixth Machine-Gun Battalion, 

Marine Corps, A. E. F., 
Wilsbach, Germany, Jan'y 21, 1919. 

"From Commanding Officer, Sixth Machine-Gun Battalion 

To Commanding General, Second Division. 

"Subject: Recommendation. 

"I recommend that Captain Jack S. Hart, Company "D," Sixth Machine- 
Gun Battalion, U. S. Marine Corps, be awarded 
The Medal of Honour 

For meritorious deeds performed by him in the St. Mihiel Sector, France: 

"Captain Jack S. Hart, at 7 A. M., on September 15, 1918, went forward 
with the first wave of his Infantry battalion to which his machine-gun 
Company was attached. This battalion was then attacking the wooded ridge 
west of Janluy, near Triaucourt, in the St. Mihiel Sector. Captain Hart, 
looking for machine-gun positions, and the advancing Infantry, were caught 
in a flanking machine-gun fire from the left, where, at the time, no enemy 
was supposed to be. He sent back a runner to bring up his guns, and 
further reconnoitered the left flank of the attacking wave. In doing this, 
he ran into a machine-gun nest in a thicket, was fired upon point blank, 
at a range of a few yards, and was severely wounded in the right arm. The 
closeness of the Germans prevented their concealment, and he dashed at 
them, firing his pistol. They scattered away from two machine-guns, some 
of them shouting 'Kamerad,' and holding their hands above their heads, 
others reaching for hand grenades. He called upon them to surrender, and 
rounded up seventeen men. Though Captain Hart was weak from loss of 
blood, he conducted these prisoners back to our lines, turning them over to 
his Company, before allowing himself to be evacuated. 

"The capture of these two guns and seventeen prisoners, accomplished 
by one officer, who was alone at the time, was under circumstances clearly 
beyond the call of duty. Alone and wounded, with such tremendous odds 
before him, he could not rightly have been censured had he, instead of 
boldly attacking the enemy, decided that further resistance was useless and 
surrendered himself, which would have been the decision of any but the 
most exceptionally brave. By the performance of this act, our leading 
waves were freed of the destructive fianking fire from these guns, and were 
enabled to move forward and establish a line on high ground where they 
could not be dislodged. 

"Witnesses of the above deed were First Sergeant Henry S. Remington, 
Jr., 108503 and Second Lieutenant Vernon Bourdette, M. C, of Company 
'D/ Sixth Machine-Gun Battalion. 

"Next of kin: father, .Tohn M. Hart, Weatherford, Texas. 

A. B. Hale." 

"Headquarters, Second Division, A. E. F., 
Board of Consideration of Recommendation, January 29, 1919. 
"To Commanding General, Second Division. 

"Forwarded, recommending the award of the Medal of Honour, in the 
case of Captain Jack S. Hart, Company 'D,' 6th Machine-Gun Battalion, 

U, S. Marine Corps. 

Hub. Myers, 
Colonel General Staff, Member." 

H. Lay. 
Lt. Col., U. S. M. C, Member." 
R. S. Keyer, 
Major (Marines), G. S., Member." 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 331 

"Headquarters, Second Division, A. E. F., 

Germany, January 31, 1919. 
"To the Adjutant General, A. E. F. 

"Forwarded, recommending the award of th>e Medal of Honour to Cap- 
tain Jack S. Hart, Co. 'D,' 6th Machine-Gun Battalion. 

John A. LeJeune, 
Major General, U. S. M. C." 

"At the conclusion of Judge Wilson's address. Captain A. L. Howard, of 
the U. S. Marines, read the award of the Commander-in-Chief of the 
American Army, and presented the "Medal of Honour" to Captain Hart's 
mother who, in turn, presented it to Captain Hart who decorated his bride 
of only a few weeks. The service was very beautiful and impressive, and 
one that will linger in the hearts and minds of Weatherford citizens for 
years to come. It was an honour and a satisfaction to those citizens to 
know that a boy who had been born and reared in their midst had, in the 
great struggle for democracy and freedom of the World, exhibited such 
courage as to command the recognition of his Government for which he had 
fought so bravely." 

It is well to note the significance of this decoration. It is the highest 
decoration awarded by our Government, and can be given to any officer or 
enlisted man who shall "in action involving actual conflict with an enemy 
distinguish himself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity, at the risk 
of his life, above and beyond the call of duty." It was first authorized by 
Act of Congress in 1861, and is presented "in the name of Congress"; hence 
the frequent allusion to it as the "Congressional Medal." It is worn 
suspended from a ribbon passed around the neck, under the collar. 

Colonel Robert E. Wyllie, General Staff, U. S. A., in his exhaustive 
article on Military Insignia in the December, 1919, Number of The National 
Geographic Magazine, states that only 79 Medals of Honour had been awarded 
up to that time, for deeds of valour in the World War, as compared with 
5,000 "Distinguished Service Crosses" awarded. 

Captain Jack Sims Hart, of the Class of 1917, has the unique distinction 
of being the only V. M. I. man in the World War who won this great honor. 

Captain GUSTAV KAROW, Class 1916. From Georgia. 
U. S. Marine Corps. Killed In the line of duty. 

In October, 1916, he was commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine 
Corps. Promoted to First Lieutenant. Promoted to Captain. He was about 
to be promoted to Major when the Armistice occurred, which stopped all 
promotions. His service during the War was at Santo Domingo and Haiti, 
and in command of the Marine Barracks at New London, Connecticut, and 
at the training school at Paris Island. In every position he occupied he 
served with conspicuous efficiency and distinction. It was a sore trial to 
him that he could not join his brothers of the V. M. I., and of his splendid 
Corps, on the battlefields of France; but he bore his disappointment without 
repining, and continued to perform his duties with cheerfulness and en- 
thusiasm. 

Alas! though he did not get into action where the battle raged, yet, he 
sacrificed his life for his Country; and just as truly as his V. M. I. Comrades, 



332 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

McClellan and Murphy and Somers and Benners and Sullivan and Corey and 
Dance died in defense of World freedom, so he died a martyr to the cause 
so dear to his heart. 

On June 25, 1920, the wires flashed the sad announcement that on that 
day Captain Gustav Karow and two fellow-oflicers of tlie Marine Corps were 
killed at Paris Island, South Carolina, as the Air Plane, in which they had 
set out to return to Savannah, fell to the earth in flames. 

Two days later. Captain Karow's brother wrote the following letter to 
the Superintendent of the V. M. I., giving the pathetic details of the tragedy: 

"Chatham Crescent. Savannah, Georgia, June 27, 1920. 
"My dear Gen. Nichols: 

"I want you to know the particulars of my brother's death (I mean the 
part not carried by the Press), for you took such an interest in him when 
at V. M. I., and he always spoke so highly of you. 

Gustav was a Captain^ U. S. M. C, and staying here in Savannah, 
pending his retirement, but he had to report at the Post at Paris Island, 
S. C, every fifteen days, and he usually traveled by air, as the distance is 
but thirty miles. 

Friday morning the Plane came here for him and took him to the Post 
where he remained until after njess; then, at four P. M., with Lt. Molther 
as pilot and Lt. St. George in the rear seat, both belted in, and Gus in 
St. George's lap, they started to fly back to Savannah. 

The Plane seemed to be in good repair and left the field in good form, 
but when it reached an altitude of 400 feet, the motor went dead and the 
Plane started to operate to earth. 

Gustav was seen to leave the lap of St. George, and, with one hand 
and foot secure himself in the wire stays that hold the wings, and with the 
other hand he tried to free Lt. Molth,er of his belt, and St. George was 
working to unbuckle his belt; when, within 50 feet of the ground, the pilot 
managed to right the Plane; and, as she headed for one of the big buildings 
and seemed sure to strike it, he switched on his motor. An explosion, and 
the Plane fell to earth in flames! 

I am so proud of my brother to think he faced his death so bravely 
when he could have left the Plane and taken his chances of escape with a 
few bruises (for they were but 50 feet from ground) ; but this he did not do; 
he risked his life in those wire stays and helped his comrades to loose their 
belts, and went to his death like a man. 

He entered your Military Institute a mere boy, and stayed there under 
your influence while his character was being formed ; and I am sure you will 
take pride in knowing that, through your influence, and the training he 
received at V. M. I., he developed into a man that could die so gloriously, 
and with no thought for himself. His brothers-in-arms at Lexington may 
remember him as one who brings honour to you, my dear General. 

He leaves a wife and one son just two years old. My mother is bearing 
up bravely, I am glad to say. 

I am looking forward to meeting you who helped us to form the char- 
acter of my brother. 

Sincerely, 

Lester Kakow." 

"To Gen. E. W. Nichols, 

V. M. I., 

Lexington, Va." 

Gustav Karow came of a race of heroes and his brave death was in 
keeping with the splendid traditions of his family. His mother was born 
Annie Wilson and her father. Claudius Wilson, of Savannah, Georgia, entered 
the Confederate Service as Colonel of the 25th Regiment of Georgia Volun- 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 333 

teers (a regiment which he himself raised), and was in command of his 
brigade when he died in the Service, immediately after the battle of 
Chickamauga. (His commission as Brigadier General, now in the Con- 
federate Museum at Richmond, was received by his widow after his death.) 
On his mother's side our fallen hero was descended from General Daniel 
Stewart, of Georgia, to whose memory a splendid monument was erected 
in the old Midway Cemetery in Liberty County, Georgia, in April, 1915; 
and back of this ancestor was a long line of colonial worthies. 

His father was the Honourable Edward. Karow, the distinguished Austro- 
Hungarian Consul in Savannah for many years, and until his death in 1911, 
and the principal facts in his life are given in the American Encyclope- 
dia. He had received two orders from Emperor Franz Joseph. He was not 
an Austrian, having been born in Stettin, Pomerania, Prussia. His family 
history is most interesting, teeming, as it does, with generations of military 
ancestors and scholars. His father, for whom our dear comrade was named, 
Gustav Ludwig Karow (though Gustav had dropped his middle name, as 
he declared it was "too German" for him), was what might be translated 
a Privy Councilor. He and his forbears belonged to that race of Prussians 
which is now unfortunately extinct. 

Gustav and his two older brothers were all in the military service of 
their Country, and all three were married men. As their doting mother 
wrote, "they could not but serve, as they were such true Americans." 

Gustav Karow was graduated at the famous St. Paul's School, at Con- 
cord, New Hampshire, with distinction, winning many prizes. He then spent 
one year at Princeton University, leaving there to enter the Virginia Mili- 
tary Institute, on January 1, 1914. He was graduated with the degree of 
B. A., In June, 1916. 

On February 25, 1918, he married Sarah Pope Barrow, daughter of the 
late Hon. Pope Barrow, of Savannah, and his wife, Cornelia Jackson, 
daughter of the distinguished Henry R. Jackson, of Savannah, Confederate 
General, and, later. Minister Plenipotentiary to Austria, and afterwards 
Minister to Mexico. 

A son, Gustav, was the result of tliis union. 

Captain Karow's mother, writing to the Historiographer in 1918, re- 
ferred to Macaulay's wise saying that "a people unmindful of the deeds of 
their ancestors will never do anything worthy to be remembered by posterity." 

Gustav Karow was not unmindful of the deeds of his noble race; and 
the memory of his sublime act — sacrificing himself on the altar of duty, in 
the vain effort to save his comrades from an awful death — will be cherished 
for all time, and the legacy he thus left to his son, we are sure, will be 
prized above all earthly possessions until his life's end. 

First Lieutenant H. A. DeBUTTS, Class 1916. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, U. S. A. 
He enlisted in the Marine Corps in the Spring of 1918, and was assigned 
to the Machine-Gun School at Quantico, Virginia, where he was made In- 
structor of Machine-Gunnery, and received his corporal's, and, later, his 
sergeant's warrant. He was sent from this School to the Second Officers' 
Training Camp at the same place, from which he was graduated with the 



334 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

first stand in his Company and with the second honour of the entire school 
of four hundred and fifty candidates. 

He was made Instructor in the third Officers' Training Camp, where he 
served with distinction, until he tendered his resignation in July, 1919. 

He retired from the Service with the rank of First Lfleutenant. 

First Lieutenant JOHN MURRAY McCLELLAN, Class 1916, and Fourth 

Cadet Captain. From Virginia. 

U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. Killed in action, July 19, 1918. 

He was commissioned Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps, in June, 
1917. After training two months at Quantico, he sailed with the Fifth 
Regiment for France. He was Battalion Adjutant. For several months he 
served as Regimental Adjutant. He was then made Intelligence Officer, and 
was serving as such when he was killed. He had continuous service with 
his regiment — in Les Espages, at Verdun, and at Belleau Wood, in the drive 
of July 15. 

He was instantly killed by a shell at Vlerzy, July 19, 1918. 

His death occurred after severe fighting of the French and American 
troops. The French fell back, but the American Marines refused to give 
ground; and, as the fighting progressed, they became practically surrounded 
by the Germans. When it became imperative that the Americans seek shelter. 
Lieutenant McClellan volunteered to lead a party of nine to a German dug- 
out. The Americans had just reached the dugout when a bomb exploded 
among th;em, literally tearing every member of the party to pieces. The 
gallant First Lieutenant Larkln W. Glazebrook (V. M. I.) rushed to Mc- 
Clellan's aid, but found life was extinct. 

He had been promoted to First Lieutenant before his death. 

With the approbation of the Commander-in-Chief of the American Ex- 
peditionary Forces in France, Marshal Petain', Commander-in-Chief of the 
French Armies of the East, cited In the order of Division First Lieutenant 
John Murray McClellan, Fifth Regiment of American Marines, who "was 
killed July 19, 1918, at Vlerzy, while accomplishing a mission which he 
volunteered to carry out." Accompanying the Citation was the Croix de 
Guerre, which was forwarded to Lieutenant McClellan's family. 

Lieutenant McClellan was a son of Mr. and Mrs. A. L. McClellan, of 
Hampton Gardens, Richmond, Virginia. 

His V. M. I. and Marine Corps Comrade, Lieutenant (later Captain) 
N. H. Massle wrote from Paris: 

"McClellan's body was brought from Vlerzy and burled on the edge of 
the Forest of Compiegne toward Vauxcastile, near the VlUers-Cotterets, 
Vauxcastile-Vierzy road. The exact location was given the Graves Regis- 
tration Bureau by Chaplain Brady, 5th Marines." 

Major General Barnett, Commandant, U. S. Marine Corps, telegraphed 
to Mr. and Mrs. McClellan, as follows, upon receiving advice of Lieutenant 
McClellan's death in action: 

"Deeply regret to Inform you cablegram just received states your son, 
Lieutenant John Murray McClellan, Marine Corps, killed in action, July 19. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 335 

"Please accept my heartfelt sympathy in your great bereavement. Body 
will be interred abroad until termination of hostilities. Should further re- 
ports be received, will advise you immediately. 

"Your son nobly gave his life in the defense of his Country." 

Lieutenant Commander OGDEN D. KING, Class 1909. Prom North Carolina. 
Medical Corps, United States Navy — attached to U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

He was attacl^ed to the 6th Machine-Gun Battalion, U. S. Marines, as 
Battalion Surgeon, and participated in the following engagements: 

Verdun Sector, March-April, 1918; Chateau Thierry Sector, June, 1918; 
Soissons Sector, July, 1918; St. Mihiel Sector, September, 1918; Champagne 
Rector, October, 1918; Argonne-Meuse Sector, November, 1918. He v/ent 
with the Army of Occupation to Germany. 

He was awarded the "D. S. C." in September, 1918, and the "Navy 
Cross" in December, 1919. 

This Citation accompanied the awarding of the D. S. C: 

"Assistant Surgeon 0. D, King, attached to U. S. M. C: For extra- 
ordinary heroism in action near the Boia de Belleau, June 9, 10, 1918. On 
two successives days the regimental aid station in which Surgeon King wa= 
working was struck by heavy shells and in each case demolished. Ten men 
were killed, and a number of wounded were badly hurt by falling timbers 
and stone. Under these harassing conditions, the officer continued without 
cessation his treatment of the wounded, assisting in their evacuation, and 
setting an inspiring example of devotion and courage toi the officers and 
men serving under him." 

A younger brother of Lieutenant Commander King, J. Frank King, of 
Class 1914, served also in the A. E. F., as a member of Company "E," 54th 
Infantry, 6th Division, and was with the Army of Occupation. They are 
sons of Mrs. King, widow of Dr. O. D. King, of Albemarle, N. C. 

Second Lieutenant RICHARD W. MURPHY, Class 1916. From Alabama. 
83rd Company, 6th Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
Died from wounds received in action in France. 
He stood his examinations for the Service in New York, and went to 
Quantico, Virginia, in July, 1917, for training. There he received a com- 
mission as Second Lieutenant. He trained his platoon of sixty men there 
until the last of October, when they sailed for France on the S. S. Von Steuben. 
At the battle of Chateau Thierry he was mortally wounded, dying on 
June — , 1918. 

The details of his service and death have not yet been received, but 
enough is known to warrant the writer in saying that he did his duty nobly, 
and met his fate bravely. His stricken mother wrote: 

"Dick had been fighting earlier in the trenches, and volunteered in 
the Machine-Gun Service for the battle of Chateau Thierry. I know he died 
bravely; he was the kind to give what he had, and give it gladly." 

One who knew him intimately from earliest childhood thus wrote of 
hdm to his Cit;^ paper: 

"To the Editor of the Tuscaloosa Neios: 

"The death of Lieutenant Richard W. Murphy, of Greensboro, from 
wounds received a few days ago on a battlefield of Prance, deserves more 
than a passing notice. I have known him since he was a child, and when 
I heard that the Marines, of which he was an officer, were engaged at 



336 ViEGiNiA Military Institute — World War Eecoed 

Cantigny, I felt that the name of Richard Murphy would appear in the 
dispatches. I knew that when the order to advance came he would not turn 
back, and that the only thing that could stop him would be a bullet. He 
was one of the most admirable young men that I have ever known. 

'The bravest are the tenderest, 
The loving are the daring.' 

"The word 'fear' was not in Dick Murphy's vocabulary. He knew no 
guile. His disposition was sunny, and if there was a single human being 
in this world who knew him, and who did not love him, I do not know who 
that h.uman being is. 

"He was the son of the late Matthew Hobson Murphy, and a brother 
of Captain Matt. H. Murphy, who is now in the United States Army, at; 
Macon, Ga. Through his father and his mother he claimed descent from 
men and women who aided in the foundation of this government, and from 
men and women who, since its foundation, have upheld its liberties on 
fields of battle and in council chambers. He was young, popular and promis- 
ing, and no nobler young patriot ever gave his life, in order that his Country 
might remain free. 

"The death of Dick Murphy is a call to patriotism, and his life should 
be an inspiration to all those who love justice, and who believe in the main- 
tenance of liberty under the law. 

'He has sounded forth a trumpet that shall never call retreat. 
He is searching out the hearts of men before His judgment seat, 
Be swift, my soul, to answer Him, be jubilant, my feet, 
For God is marching on.' 

Edward de Graffexried." 
"June 18, 1918." " 

[From "Overseas Alumni Notes" in The Cadet of November 25, 1918: J 

"Second Lieutenant "Pat" Murphy, '16, of the Marines, died a real 
American soldier; he was killed in action going 'over' at Chateau Thierry. 
He was one of the most popular men among men. His record does credit 
to the V. M. I., and it is proud of him. He set example after example for 
his men by his bravery and fearlessness. His example should inspire all 
Cadets." 

Second Lieutenant VERNON LEE SOMERS, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. Killed in action in Ffance. 
The Commander-in-Chief, A. E. F., acting by the dirfection of the 
President, awarded him, posthumously, the "Distinguished Service Cross," 
with this Citation: 

"Vernon L. Somers, Second Lieutenant United States Marine Corps, 
killed in action at Chateau Thierry. June 6, 1918. He gave the supreme 
proof of that extraordinary heroism which will serve as an example to hither- 
to untried troops." 

The following is from tbe Memorial Notice by the Rev. R. S. Monds, 
read at the Tasley Fair Grounds, Accomac County, Virginia, September 17, 
1919: 

"Ll&utenant Vernon Lee Somers, the subject of this brief sketch, was 
born near Bloxom, Accomac County. Virginia, March the 23, 18S9, and was 
killed while leading his men in action at Belleau Wood, France, on June 
6, 1918. From boyhood, it could be seen that Vernon Somers had the 
characteristics of a hero and the principles of which real soldiers are made. 
He loved military training, and it was no surprise to his friends when he 
chose to secure his education at a military institution. He entered the 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 337 

V. M. I. in the fall of 1911, from which School he graduated in June, 1915. 
While there, so rapidly did he develop along military lines that he -won 
various promotions and at the time of bis graduation, had the distinguished 
honour of being a First Lieutenant. In September, 1916, he was given the 
position of Commandant in the Georgia Military Academy, College Park, 
Georgia, which place he filled with credit to all concerned until December 
of that year, when he resigned to take the physical examination for Second 
Lieutenant in the Marine Corps, having been highly recommended by General 
E. W. Nichols, of the V. M. I. He was twice rejected on account of defective 
eyesight, but when the United States declared War, he again applied for the 
commission, and went to Washington for examination. This time he passed, 
and, with joy at the prospect of serving his Country, entered the Marine 
Corps as Second Lieutenant, on May 2, 1917. Three weeks at Paris Island, 
S. C, was spent in rapid training, then a few days at Quantico, Virginia, 
from which place he was sent to France with the first contingent, sailing 
from Hoboken, June 13. On June 25, he landed in France, and was assigned 
to Provost duty, and given some special training with his Division, Co. 49, 
Reg. 5, U. S. M., near the Swiss border. In April, 1918, he went into action 
on the Verdun front, and May 3 was wounded and taken to the Hospital, 
where he had to remain for about twenty-five days. From the letters written 
to his family, during this period of confinement, it was easy to detect the 
heroic spirit in the soldier and the man. The wish and prayer of his heart, 
as expressed in all these letters, was that soon he might be able to go back 
to the front; and I know he was happy when on June 2 he was again per- 
mitted to go back into action. But, alas, after bearing proudly aloft the 
honours of his Company in the lead of his brave Division, in the face of 
terrible odds, through fire and blood, after four days of awful fighting, he 
made the supreme sacrifice, falling, dying in the defense of right and liberty. 

"One of the many horrors of war is that the particulars of the last 
moments of those who fall can often never be known. The last brave deed, 
the parting word, the final struggle are hidden secrets that we crave so much 
to know. In the case of our hero, we rejoice that we do know some- 
thing of these last moments. Private Leonard D. Hall, writing to his 
mother on June 19, has this to say: 'Mama, I have bad news for you. 
Lieutenant Somers was killed some few days ago. Tell his mother and 
any of his people that he was a boy to be proud of. He was wounded 
several times, but still led his men, and when he reached his objective he was 
nearly dead. The stretcher-bearers put him on a stretcher and started to 
the rear with h,im. They had only gone a little distance when he said: 
'Put me down, I am dying and want to die with the boys.' They laid him 
down, and he said to the boys: 'Stay with them, boys, and show them where 
you are from'; and, then, he lay down and put his hands back of his head 
and went to sleep, never to wake any more.' 

"On June 20, H. P. Mason, U. S. M. C, and a V. M. I. comrade of 
Lieutenant Somers, writing to his brother, said: 'I haven't heard of but 
one V. M. I. man being killed, and that was Lieutenant Somers. A sergeant 
from his Company was telling me about him and said that Somers's platoon 
had seen a great deal of hand-to-hand fighting, during the afternoon, and, 
when last seen, Somers was covered with blood and wounded in the arm 
and also in the leg, but he had a dagger in one hand and a pistol in the 
other, and was still leading his men forward. They say he sighted a big 
bunch of Huns and made for them, almost single-handed. When the fight was 
over, they found his body in 'No Man's Land.' In my opinion, a man who is 
found dead in advance of his own lines, after a big battle, is a real hero.' 

"In the face of such bravery as was thus shown it must have been a 
real joy to General Pershing to award on June 28 the 'Distinguished Service 
Cross' posthumously to Lieutenant Somers." 

A sisiter, a Red Cross Nurse, soon afterwards gave her life to the 
sacred cause in which this brave young officer died. 



338 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Second Lieutenant MELVILLE E. SULLIVAN, Class 1917. From Virginia. 

U. S. M. Corps— Aviation Section. 

Killed by fall of his Plane, in the line of duty. 

Lieutenant Sullivan was from Richmond, Virginia, and was a son of 
Mr. Lawrence P. Sullivan, Comptroller of the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway. 
He enlisted in the U. S. Marine Corps and was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant in December, 1917, a few days before his twenty-first birthday. He 
was assigned to the Aviation Section of his Corps and was stationed at 
the Marine Aviation School, near Miami, Florida. He had made an excel- 
lent record by his high character, mental attainments and soldierly qualities, 
and was regarded as one of the best flyers in his squadron. He was experi- 
menting with a new machine, and had for a companion his machine gunner. 
He was acting as pilot; when the motor stopped and the Plane slipped into 
a tail spin and fell to the ground from a height of about 500 feet. He and 
his gunner were instantly killed. 

As his body was being escorted to the train to be conveyed to his home, 
five airplanes hove over the funeral procession, and continued to escort 
the train for several miles, dropping flowers all the way. 

This fine young officer was but a brief time a Cadet of the V. M. I., 
leaving to enter another institution. But he worthily wore the "old gray 
coatee" of the V. M. I. and gave his life for his Country, and therefore has 
a rightful place in the Institute's Valhalla of Immortal Heroes. 

Corporal JAMES L. COREY, Class 1917. From Indiana. 

83rd Company, 6th Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps, A. F. F. 

Killed In action in France. 

After leaving the V. M. I., where he spent a very profitable year, he was 

graduated in 1917, at Marquette College. A few months afterwards, in 

November, 1917, he enlisted In the Marines. He was tr lined at Paris 

Island, and went to France In February, 1918. 

He wrote in June: "Have been over the top three times and am now 
in Hospital recovering from shell shock." 

His Captain wrote: "We went into the battle of Soissons on July 19, 
and were pushing the fight on the retreating Enemy when we met terrible 
machine-gun opposition from their rear guards. It was during this advance 
that Corporal Corey was killed by a machine-gun bullet, near Vierzy, France. 
He died instantly, and was burled on the spot by his comrades.' 

An older brother, also a V. M. 1. Alumnus, First Lieutenant Lawrence 
O. Corey, likewise served in the A. E. F. 

Private LOUIS GEORGE LANGE, Class 1920. From Louisiana. 
U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 
(Acting as Intelligence Officer In Scotland.) 
Enlisted in the Marines and sailed for Europe, November 25, 1917. 
Served with the British Grand Fleet until December 12, 191S. He was 
repeatedly attacked by submarines while patrolling the North Sea. Took 
part In the surrender of the German High Seas Fleet, November 21, 1918. 
Took part in the Presidential Escort into Brest, France, December 13, 1918. 
In 1917, Private Lange passed the examination for a commission, but was 
turned down on account of age (17). He passed two examinations for com- 
mission in 1918. but was again turned down as being too young. (He was 
only nineteen years old on November 3, 1918.) 

He was sent to the Marine Officers' Training Camp, Quantico, Virginia, 
without examination, upon his return to the United States; but, the War 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 339 

being practically over, he took a discharge as a private in preference to a 
permanent commission in the Marine Corps. 

This gallant and brilliant young fellow kept a "Diary" written in verse 
while on night watch "over there," which would be a credit to one of far 
greater age. His record was very fine. 

Private ARCHIBALD WRIGHT BENNBRS, Class 1919. From Pennsylvania. 

80th Company, 6th Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps, A. E. F. 

Mortally wounded in action, June 3, and died July 3, 1918. 

He received a commission as Second Lieutenant, U. S. Marine Corps 
Reserve, but gave it up and enlisted as a Private in the regular Marine 
Corps. Just before he was killed, he was selected to attend an Officers' 
Training Camp in France for a commission in the Regulars. 

He had been two and a half years at the V. M. I., having received no 
demerit in the Fourth Class, and was very popular. At the frequent meet- 
ings of the large number of V. M. I. men in the Marines, in France, he was 
alv/ays present; and he was mentioned most affectionately by the "Chapter" 
Correspondent in his letters to "TTie Cadet.'" 

His father, Mr. George B. Benners, Graduate of the University of 
Pennsylvania, and a prominent lawyer, of Ambler, and now of Philadelphia, 
Pennsylvania, wrote the Historiographer of the V. M. I., April 2, 1919, 
as follows: 

"My dear Sir: 

"Please accept my abject apology for not answering your letter of 
November 5, 1918, before this. Your letter was in reference to a sketch of 
my son, Archibald Wright Benners who was killed in France, while a member 
of the United States Marine Corps. Both my wife and I have been abso- 
lutely unnerved since my son's death, and until this late date I could not 
pull myself together enough to write about him. He was all we had in the 
world, and we did look forward to some years of pleasure with him in our 
old age. The dear old V. M. I. had indeed made a man of him, and from 
what I have heard from his comrades of the V. M. I., who were also his 
comrades in the Marine Corps, he was a typical American soldier, which 
means that he was a good soldier. All honour to the V. M. I. for what it 
did for him. I shall never forget it. 

"We do indeed thank you for your kind sympathy as expressed in your 
letter, and I have tried to fill out the enclosed sketch about Archie as best 
I could. I do hope I am not too late in sending this to you, and that it is 
properly done. 

"If not too much trouble, could you furnish me with, a list of the V. M. I. 
boys who were killed and wounded, and also tell me if there is a movement 
on foot towards erecting a fitting monument, or memorial, at the Institute, 
to the boys who gave their lives in this terrible War, and who formerly at- 
tended the V. M. I.? I will very much appreciate it if you will advise me 
as to this. 

Yours very sincerely, 

Geo. B. Benners." 

Private POWHATAN R. DANCE, Class 1920. From Virginia. 

Second Training Battalion, 1st Training Regiment, U. S. Marine Corps, 

A. E. F. Killed in action in France. 

He resigned his Cadetship, as he entered the Second Class as Fourth Line 

Sergeant, in order to enlist in the Marine Corps. He was enrolled in this 

branch of the Service, June 15, 1918, and trained at Paris Island, S. C, until 



340 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

August 8, and was then at Quantico Training School one week, leaving on 
August 17 for the embarkation point, and sailing for overseas service at 
once, with the 6th Battalion, U. S. Marines. He was one of eleven V. M. I. 
contemporaries who enlisted at the same time, and the only one sent overseas. 
He was killed in action, November 1, 1918. The Richmond Times- 
Dispatch thus speaks of him: 

"* * * -phg news of his death has been received widely with poignant 
regret, that one of his acknowledged possibilities for a brilliant and valuable 
future should suffer the supreme sacrifice, virtually in the last week of a 
victorious War. * * *. By friends and acquaintances he was regarded with 
the highest respect and esteem, as attested by his exceptional popularity. 
He entertained ideals and ambitions beyond the ordinary, and his kindly, 
cordial spirit endeared him tc his friends. He relinquished the promise of 
a favoured future for the pri-'.'ilege of defending the honour of his Country 
and the protection of the World, and his magnificent service was not in 
vain." 

His doting mother passed away a few weeks after the news of his death 
came. She bore her sorrows of heart and suffering of body with supreme 
Christian fortitude. 

The News-Leader, of Richmond, Virginia, in its issue of May 1, 1920, 
made the following gratifying announcement: 

["Letter from a Comrade."] 

"Through the American Legion Weekly, W. Freeman Dance has at last 
secured some details in regard to the death of his son, Powhatan Dance, 
who was killed in action on Nov. 1, 1918, while serving with the Fifth 
Marines, Second Division. Although notified by the Marine Corps of his 
death, Mr. Dance had never been able to secure any of the particulars, 
until he inserted notices in both the Marines' Magazine and the American 
Legion Weekly. 

"He has received the following letter from C. F. Hanson, of 403 
Nassau Street, St. Peter, Minnesota: 

'In looking through the American Legion Weekly for April 2, I found 
your notice asking for information concerning the death of your son, 
Powhatan, who was reported killed in action Nov. 1, and as I was a good 
friend of your son and was near him at the time he was hit, I thought that 
perhaps I might give you a little information concerning his death. 

'I first met your son at Paris Island, S. C., and was with him in the 
same Company from that time until he was wounded. It was toward evening 
on Nov. 1, while we were being held up temporarily in our advance by 
German machine-gun fire. Powhatan was a carrier in an automatic rifle 
squad, and was going from one shell-hole to another, where his gunner was. 
when a machine-gun bullet caught him between the shoulders. He was taken 
to the rear, and we heard no more of him until we were up in Germany, 
when we were notified that he had died of his wound. 

'Your son was one of those men who thought little of his own safety, 
readily sacrificing himself for the welfare of the Company— a spirit that 
made him one of the best, if not the best, liked men in the Company. It 
was this spirit that made the American Army so successful in the field. 
V/hile it grieves us to see young men thus cut down in the flower of their 
youth, let us be assured that the cause was worth while, and that they, 
and those of us who remain to mourn their untimely death,, shall be re- 
warded in the life that is to be. If I can be of any further aid to you, do 
not hesitate to call on me. I would be glad to hear from you.' 
["Letter From a Father."] 

'I read your notice in the Marines' Magazine in regard to your son. 
I am quite sure he and my boy went over on the same ship, the 'Henderson,' 



Some oe the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 341 

and arrived at Brest, Aug. 28, 1918. My boy was with the Fifth Marines, 
Second Division, Fifty-ninth Comp'y, and was reported killed, Nov. 2, near 
Landres St. Georges Ar , France (Argonne). 

"My boy's best 'buddy' got back home all 0. K., but was wounded 
through the knee, just a few moments afcer my boy fell, and I'm quite 
sure he will be able to give you some information about your son. His 
address is John H. Reig, 258 Himrod Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. I'll do all I 
can here to get information for you. 

'Dear brother, I certainly know how to sympathize with you, not as 
some say in your loss, for he gave his life freely that father and loved ones 
may live. Then, let U9 in our sorrow, knowing we will meet them no more 
on earth, bless and honor their sacred names the remainder of our sojourn 
here, knowing that we can go to them, to be separated no more forever.' " 

It is deeply regretted that of the sixty-two Officers in the Navy, from 
i:i!Sign to Captain, and of ethers who held no rank, there are in hand the 
details of service of only very few. 

While our Navy was not engaged in battle, durir.g the War, all the 
World knows how effective it was in helping to bring about the victorious 
ending of the great conflict. 

As far as known, every V. M. I. Man in the Service gloriously main- 
tained the traditions of the American Navy, and reflected honour on th.e 
Service. But, unfortunately, the Compiler can mention now only the follow- 
ing Officers, because he lacks official details: 

Medical Director CHARLES M. DeVALIN, Class 1888. From South Carolina, 

U. S. Navy, A. E. F. 
Served with great distinction in the A. E. F., receiving the Navy Cross, 
and the C. B. E. from the Prince of Wales. 

Commander CARY D. LANGHORNE, Class 1894 (United States Navy. 

Retired.) From District of Columbia. 

United States Navy, R. F. Medical Corps, A. E. F. 

Having taken his Medical degree in 1897 at the University of Virginia, 
he entered the United States Navy as Assistant Surgeon in 1898. He served 
through the Philippine Insurrection. Was wounded at Novalita, P. I., in 
1899, and mentioned in dispatches for gallantry in action. 

In 1903, he was promoted to Surgeon. He served at Vera Cruz, Mexico, 
1914, landing there in May of that year. 

He was awarded the Medal of Honour for conspicuous gallantry in 
action at the taking of the Naval Academy at Vera Cruz, in May, 1914. 

He resigned from the Navy in 1916. When War with the Central Powers 
was declared he returned to the Service and was commissioned in the 
TI. S. Navy, R. F., Medical Corps, as Lieutenant Commander; and he served 
as Senior Surgeon on the U. S. Transport President Grant. 

He was mustered out. May 26, 1919, with the rank of Commander, M. C, 
U. S. N. R. F. 

Commander Langhorne is a brother of Colonel George T. Langhorne 
(above). 



342 Virginia Military Institute — World War Record 

Lieutenant Commander 0. M. READ, JR., Class 1909. From South Carolina. 

United States Navy. 

Alumnus of the V. M. I. and Graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy. 

From July, 1918 till December, 1919, he was in command of the 
U. S. S. 0-9, a submarine that was completed and put in commission in 
July, 1918. During that summer, this submarine was on duty on the 
U. S. Atlantic Coast, with other submarineo, engaged in searching for the 
four German submarines that visited, and worked, on that Coast. 

He sailed in command of the 0-9 for the Azores Islands on November 
2, 1918, and arrived on the 16; returned to the U. S. on November 20, 1918, 
the Armistice having been signed. 

He was awarded the "'Navy Cross/' in recognition of his distinguished 
Service. 

Lieutenant Commander Read is a son of O. M. Read, Graduate of 
Class 1875. 

Commander ADOLPHUS STATON, Class 1900. From North Carolina. 
United States Navy, A. E. F. 

In 1902 he was graduated at the U. S. Naval Academy. 

While Executive Officer of the U. S. Transport Mt. Vernon, in 1918, his 
ship was torpedoed, 200 miles from port, with, a loss of thirty-seven sailors. 
But, through the heroic conduct of crew and officers, he was enabled to 
save his ship, for which act he was awarded the "Navy Cross." 

At the conclusion of the War, he was Executive Officer on board the 
U. S. S. Leviathan. He is now serving on the U. S. S. Tennessee. 

Commander Staton's father, Dr. L. L. Staton, a very prominent citizen 
of North Carolina, is an old V. M. I. "boy," and his brother, Henry Staton, 
a successful lawyer in New York City, was gi;'aduated in the Class of 1893. 

Lieutenant Commander JULES JAMES, Class 1906. From Virginia. 
United States Navy, A. E. F. 

Alumnus of the V. M. I., Graduate of the U. S. N. A. and B. S., Stephens 
Institute of Technology. Awarded the "Navy Cross." 

During the entire War, he was Executive Officer of the U. S. S. Rochester, 
and was successfully engaged in convoying troops to Europe. 

At present, he is aide on the Staff of Vice Admiral Hilary P. Jones 
(of Virginia), commanding the Second Squadron of the Atlantic Fleet. 

Lieutenant Commander James is one of four remarkably brilliant 
brothers— all Alumni of the V. M. I., and all in the Service at one time or 
another; one. First Lieutenant John F. James, giving up his life in the 
Philippine Insurrection; another. Captain Russell James, Graduate of Class, 
1905, and "First Captain," Professor, Military Science and Tactics at the 
V. M. I., 1913-14 (on detail), and, later, dying in the Service; and another 
brother. Captain Bartlett James, U. S. A., who died in the Service October 
24, 1917. 

His two uncles are "Honour" Graduates of the V. M. I., the elder, the 
Hon. Rorer A. James, having been for many years, and until July, 1920, the 
distinguished and indefatigable President of the Board of Visitors of the 
V. M. I., and elected, in November, 1920, a Representative in Congress. 



Some of the Specially Distinguished Alumni (Cont'd) 343 

Lieutenant ROBERT GIBSON TOBIN, Class 1915. From Virginia. 
United States Navy, A. E. F. 

He graduated at the United States Naval Academy, in Class 1917 — on 
April 6, 1917— w^ith the "First Honour." He was assigned to the U. S. S. 
Hopkins as Engineering Officer, and was second in command until October 
24, 1918. He was then given comm-and of the U. S. S. Hopkins. He was at 
that time 23 years old, and the youngest officer in the U. S. Navy command- 
ing a fighting ship. This ship was a Torpedo Boat Destroyer and carried 
about one hundred officers and men, and it was among the most active 
ships during the War. 

Lieutenant Tobin was the only member of his Class to receive a com- 
mand during the "War. 

With about twenty other Destroyers, the Hopkins was ordered put out 
of commission after the War. 

After winding up the affairs of his ship, June 22, 1919, Lieutenant 
Tobin turned it back to the Government at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, 
taking a receipt therefor. He was then given an appointment on Admiral 
Rodman's Staff as Communicating Officer of the Torpedo Boat Destroyer 
Flotilla sent to the Pacific Coast (about 68 ships in all). As Communicat- 
ing Officer, Lieutenant Tobin was second in command of the Flotilla. 

A high Naval Officer has stated that Lieutenant Tobin is the youngest 
officer ever in the U. S. Navy to hold such a high position in a Fleet. 

Lieutenant Commander ANDREW LANGSTAFF JOHNSTON, JR., M. E., 

E. E., Class 1902. From Virginia. 

U. S. Navy, R. F. 

He enrolled in the Navy Reserve, April 3, 1917, with the rank of Lieu- 
tenant (S. G.). and was called to duty, April 18. On December 11, 1918, he 
was promoted to Lieutenant Commander. Relieved of active duty, Septem- 
ber 30, 1919. During his thirty months of service, he was Senior Assistant 
Inspector of Machinery, Bureau of Steam Engineering, at the Newport News 
Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, and in charge of all Electric Engineer- 
ing work covering new construction of the Shipyard, and the repairs and 
maintenance of all troop ships and cargo ships that entered the port of New- 
port News. His office established the record of not having a single ship 
miss its convoy sailing date, or go lame, while in convoy, due to engineer- 
ing defects. 

In addition to two short cruises, for the sake of experience, on the 
battleships Delaware and Pennsylvania, he took out many Destroyers con- 
structed at the Newport News Yard, for official trials. 

He received a special letter from his Commanding Officer, commenting 
on the valuable services he had rendered. 

He invented and gave to the Navy several electrical devices. 

Lieutenant Commander Jolniston is a son of the late A. Langstaff John- 
ston, Graduate of Class 1872, the distinguished Electrical Engineer who 
built the first Electric Passenger Railway in the World to operate success 
fully — in Richmond, Virginia, in 1888. 



344 Virginia Military Institute — World War Eecord 

Lieutenant HARRY M. MASON, Class 1917. From Virginia. 
Supply Officer, U. S. Navy, A. E. F. 

He was sworn in in the Navy, August 3, 1917, as Assistant Paymaster 
(Ensign). He has had sea duty since October 4, 1917, making eight complete 
trips to France on the U. S. S. Finland. 

At the time last heard from, he was putting the Finland out of com- 
mission, and was ordered to Squadron 3, Destroyer Force, as Supply Officer, 
Atlantic Fleet. 

He was one of a large number of V. M. I. Graduates and Non-Graduates, 
from 1911 to 1917, to enter the Navy, at the beginning of the War, and all 
made remarkably fine records. 

His present rank is Lieutenant (S. G.), and he is in the regular Navy, 
and will continue in the Service. 

Lieutenant (J. G.) B. W. FIGGINS, Class 1912. From Virginia. 
U. S. Navy, R. F., A. E. F. 

In May of 1916, he enlisted in tb,e Maryland Naval Militia, as a seaman. 
Took the annual cruise in 191G, and, in March, 1917, was commissioned 
Ensign in the Maryland Naval Militia. 

April 6, 1917, called to active duty, went to Philadelphia Navy Yard, 
and for a brief time had charge of a Naval Guard at a Naval Base. Saw 
service on the U. S. S. Von Steuben, U. S. S. Missouri, U. S. S. Massaclnisetta, 
and was aide to the Executive at St. Helena Naval Base, Norfolk. Had 
18 months' sea duty in convoy work, and trained